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The Great Depression

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         The Great Depression
The Great Depression
  began with the stock
  market crash on
  October 29, 1929,
  also known as Black
  Tuesday.
The Depression had
  devastating effects in
  the US, and around
  the world.
Street scene on Black Tuesday
People who had gone
  to bed with
  thousands of
  dollars in the bank
  woke up to
  discover that they
  only had the
  money in their
  pockets.
Car for sale in New York
People in the Plains States
  were particularly hard
  hit with a severe
  drought, dust storms,
  and the Depression.
Many came west to find
  work. So many
  migrated from
  Oklahoma, they
  become known as
  “Okies.”
The “Okies” were also trying to escape the “Dust Bowl,” a
  series of dust storms that caused major agricultural
  damage to the Great Plains from 1930 to 1936. At times,
  the clouds blackened the sky all the way to California.
  Millions of acres of farmland became useless, and
  hundreds of thousands of families were forced to leave
  their homes.
Families on the road,
  traveling west.
Leaving South
 Dakota for
   Oregon
Okies driving to
  California
Migrant families camped out
Cooking supper in a
shanty, a temporary
       home
                   Farmers
                   sometimes
                   allowed
                   migrant
                   workers and
                   families to
                   camp while
                   they were
                   harvesting
                   crops. This
                   often led to
                   “squatter
                   camps” where
                   people began
Squatter’s shack   living in
                   thrown-
                   together
                   shacks.
18 year old mother at a migrant camp
A school for migrant worker’s kids
Christmas dinner for a migrant family
Breadlines became common, as people
struggled to feed themselves and their
               families
   Jobs were
 scarce as the
unemployment
 levels soared
Migrant workers camp
Dorothea Lange’s
photo, “Migrant
Mother,” perhaps
the most famous
 image from the
Great Depression
John Steinbeck
       John Steinbeck (1902-
         1968) was one of the
         best-known and most
         widely read American
         writers of the 20th
         century. Steinbeck grew
         up in the Salinas Valley
         region of California, an
         agricultural area, a
         diverse place of rich
         migratory and immigrant
         history.
Salinas,
California
 In 1937, John Steinbeck
published his novella “Of
   Mice and Men,” the
    tragic story of two
  migrant ranch workers,
   George and Lennie,
     during the Great
Depression in California.
               Of Mice and Men
 The title is taken from Robert
Burns' poem, To a Mouse, often
quoted as: "The best-laid plans of
mice and men often go awry."
Required reading in many
American, Australian, British, New
Zealand, and Canadian high
schools, Of Mice and Men has been
a frequent target of censors for what
some consider "offensive" and
"vulgar" language; consequently, it
appears on the American Library
Association's list of the Most
Challenged Books of 21st Century.

				
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