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                                                                 OCTOBER 2010

Latino and immigrant voters are poised to make a difference in a number of close races this
election cycle, and the candidates’ positions on immigration will be a key factor in determining
their support. In the Voter Guide to the Candidates on Immigration Reform, America’s Voice
reviews the candidates’ positions on immigration in fifty-four competitive races in nineteen
states. These include seven gubernatorial, six U.S. Senate, and forty-one U.S. House races in
which Latino and immigrant voters could help decide the outcome.


ARIZONA ................................................................................................................................................. 3
   Governor; 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, and 8th U.S. Congressional Districts
CALIFORNIA ............................................................................................................................................. 9
   Governor; U.S. Senate; 3rd, 11th, 20th, 45th, and 47th U.S. Congressional Districts
COLORADO ............................................................................................................................................ 16
   Governor; U.S. Senate; 3rd, 4th and 7th U.S. Congressional Districts
CONNECTICUT ....................................................................................................................................... 20
   U.S. Senate; 4th and 5th U.S. Congressional Districts
FLORIDA ................................................................................................................................................ 23
   Governor; U.S. Senate; 8th, 12th, 22nd, 24th, and 25th U.S. Congressional Districts
IDAHO ................................................................................................................................................... 30
   1st U.S. Congressional District
ILLINOIS................................................................................................................................................. 32
   U.S. Senate; 10th, 11th, and 14th U.S. Congressional Districts
INDIANA ................................................................................................................................................ 35
   2nd U.S. Congressional District
KANSAS ................................................................................................................................................. 37
   3rd U.S. Congressional District
NEVADA ................................................................................................................................................ 38
   Governor; U.S. Senate; 3rd U.S. Congressional District
NEW MEXICO ........................................................................................................................................ 42
   Governor; 1st and 2nd U.S. Congressional Districts
NEW YORK............................................................................................................................................. 46

  1st, 13th and 19th U.S. Congressional Districts
NORTH CAROLINA ................................................................................................................................. 48
  2nd and 8th U.S. Congressional Districts
OREGON ................................................................................................................................................ 50
  5th U.S. Congressional District
PENNSYLVANIA...................................................................................................................................... 51
  15th U.S. Congressional District
RHODE ISLAND ...................................................................................................................................... 52
  1st U.S. Congressional District
TEXAS .................................................................................................................................................... 53
  Governor; 17th and 23rd U.S. Congressional Districts
VIRGINIA ............................................................................................................................................... 56
  11th U.S. Congressional District
WASHINGTON ....................................................................................................................................... 58
  2nd U.S. Congressional District

Other Resources on the Politics of Immigration in the 2010 Elections

AMERICA’S VOICE: Latino Voters Will Decide Key 2010 Races: A Review of Recent Polling and
Trends (October 2010)

AMERICA’S VOICE EDUCATION FUND: The New Constituents: How Latinos Will Shape
Congressional Apportionment After the 2010 Census (October 2010 Update)

IMMIGRATION POLICY CENTER: The New American Electorate (October 2010)

FUND: Impact of Latino Vote on Key Competitive Races (October 2010)

2010 and Beyond (October 2010)



Latino     Latino Voter Latino Voter Latino Voter                 Growth    in Growth    in
Registered Turnout 2000   Turnout 2004 Turnout 2008               Latino       Latino
Voter      (in thousands)                                         Turnout,     Turnout,
Percentage                                                        2000-2008    2004-2008
of Overall

14.8%         247               296              291              17.81%            -1.68%

Latinos are 14.8% of registered voters in Arizona. In 2008, they voted for Obama by a margin of
56% to McCain’s 41%. Between 2000 and 2008, Latino voter turnout in the state grew by

Candidates’ positions on immigration are always important in a border state. However, when
Senator John McCain was challenged in the Republican primary by ex-Congressman and talk
show host J.D. Hayworth on an anti-immigration platform, it became clear that immigration
would be an even more central issue to the 2010 election cycle in Arizona. McCain ultimately
fought off Hayworth’s challenge, but the primary campaign helped set the tone for other
Republican candidates in the state.

The enactment of anti-immigration law SB 1070 in April, and the legal battle that has ensued,
has also brought national attention to the state and become a central issue in many
campaigns—from the race for Governor all the way down the ticket.


When President Barack Obama nominated Arizona Governor Janet Napolitano to be Secretary
of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, it created a vacancy in the governor’s seat. Since
the state has no Lieutenant Governor, Arizona Secretary of State Jan Brewer, a Republican,
assumed the governorship. Governor Brewer secured the GOP nomination easily in the 2010
August primary.

Brewer has adopted a conservative stance on immigration and, since signing SB 1070, has used
the issue to help raise her visibility. Her website highlights her “four-part Border Surge plan” to
“secure the border,” and calls illegal immigration “a hidden tax of at least one billion dollars on
our state that we have borne for too long.”i


After signing SB 1070 in April 2010, Brewer has continued to raise her profile nationally by
talking about the issue and speaking out against the federal government’s lawsuit to block the
law.ii When asked what criteria would be used to establish reasonable suspicion of someone
being undocumented, Brewer said, "I don't know. I do not know what an illegal immigrant looks
like."iii Gov. Brewer has repeatedly spread falsehoods about immigration, such as claiming that
most illegal immigrants are drug mules iv and that beheadings are a common occurrence along
the border. v (She has repeatedly been challenged on the latter claim by the Arizona press,
since there was no evidence of beheadings when Brewer mentioned them; however, in
October, a man was beheaded in a murder “involving an illegal immigrant.” vi)

Although Brewer initially faced several primary challengers for the nomination, most notably
Dean Martin and Buz Mill, both candidates dropped out of the race during July 2010, virtually
guaranteeing her nomination.vii

On the Democratic side, Arizona Attorney General Terry Goddard is that Party’s nominee.
Goddard’s campaign website says he “will push for immigration reform. True immigration
reform must expand the work permits allowed and require those that entered this country
illegally and wish to become citizens to pay back taxes, pay a fine for entering illegally, learn
English and pass a criminal background check.” viii

Goddard called SB 1070 "misguided" and expressed concern that the law would impose
“unfunded mandates on law enforcement agencies" within Arizona. ix Goddard initially
promised to "vigorously defend" Arizona against a potential U.S. Department of Justice lawsuit
challenging the law, but Gov. Brewer announced that she did not trust him to represent the
state and would hire her own counsel.x When federal judge Susan Bolton issued an injunction
against some of the most controversial parts of the law in July 2010, Goddard applauded the
decision, saying, “It is time to look beyond election year grandstanding and begin to repair the
damage to Arizona's image and economy. Perhaps now we in Arizona can focus on effective
steps to fight border crime and keep our families safe. Now we can focus on steps, such as the
ones I have been taking, to go after border crime and cut off the cash that flows to organized
criminal cartels that smuggle thousands into the U.S. Now, we should start making smart
decisions about immigration— beyond sound bites, fear mongering and political stunts.”xi

In October, Goddard released a television ad boasting that “Terry Goddard’s record on the
border is the toughest of any state official in the country.” Referring to Goddard’s prosecution
of drug and human smugglers, the ad says, “That’s how you stop illegal immigration. Something
the federal government could learn from Terry Goddard.” xii

Polls show Brewer with a significant lead over Goddard: a Rocky Mountain/BRC poll from early
October shows her with a three-point lead among registered voters and an 11-point lead
among likely voters. However, among Latino registered voters in the state, the poll found that
60% preferred Goddard and only 13% preferred Brewer. xiii

U.S. House: Arizona’s 1st Congressional District

In 2008, John McCain won this district with 54% to Barack Obama’s 44%. This mostly rural
northern and eastern district, where Latinos represent 10.44% of registered voters, includes the
cities of Flagstaff and Prescott. Democrat Anne Kirkpatrick defeated her Republican challenger
with 55.88% of the vote in 2008.

On her campaign website, Congresswoman Kirkpatrick states that “Congress needs to fix
America's broken immigration system with a national immigration strategy, and that has to
start with border security.”xiv Her website also says that Kirkpatrick is opposed to the boycott of
Arizona some have called for in the wake of SB 1070’s passage. It also says she is opposed to
the federal lawsuit against Arizona and SB 1070.xv The website does not mention that
Kirkpatrick is opposed to SB 1070 itself, as she declared when the law was first passed, or that
she has supported comprehensive immigration reform, which she has also mentioned in the

Kirkpatrick’s Republican challenger is dentist Paul Gosar. Gosar says on his website that “I
strongly believe we need to immediately secure our border and oppose amnesty for anyone
who blatantly violates our law,” and touts endorsements from Maricopa County Sheriff Joe
Arpaio as well as Pinal County Sheriff Paul Babeu (the two sheriffs in the state who have been
loudest about the need to crack down on undocumented immigrants). A video on Gosar’s
website also promises that he will “fight for” SB 1070. xvi

U.S. House: Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District

This central Arizona district is located just north of Phoenix, and Latinos represent 7.9% of
registered voters. John McCain won this district with 56.08% of the vote over Barack Obama’s
42.07%. In 2008, incumbent Republican Congressman John Shadegg won reelection with
54.08% of the vote. Shadegg plans to retire at the end of this term, opening this seat for the
2010 midterm elections.

Democratic candidate and attorney Jon Hulburd’s campaign website states that “the issue (of
illegal immigration” has reached crisis proportions. He supports SB 1070 and adds that “In
addition to stemming the flow of undocumented workers at the border, we need to crack down
on employers who knowingly hire illegal immigrants.” xvii

Attorney Ben Quayle, son of former vice president Dan Quayle, defeated a crowded Republican
primary field to receive that party’s nomination for the seat. Quayle’s official statement on
immigration, released soon after Governor Brewer signed SB 1070, does not mention the law.
However, Quayle does say that “securing our borders and putting an end to illegal immigration
are urgent national security priorities,” and accuses President Obama and Speaker Pelosi of

making “a greater political effort to bring the 9/11 terrorists to the United States than to keep
illegals, drug smugglers and other would be terrorists out.”xviii In an online campaign video,
Quayle calls for a barrier across the entire southern border and more border troops. xix

U.S. House: Arizona’s 5th Congressional District

John McCain won this central Arizona district in 2008, encompassing the north and
northeastern suburbs of Phoenix and the cities of Scottsdale and Tempe, with 52% to Barack
Obama’s 47%. The district’s Latinos represent 8.1% of registered voters. Democrat Harry
Mitchell currently represents the district and won reelection in 2008 with 53.16% of the vote.

In 2010, Congressman Mitchell is being challenged on the Republican side by his 2008
opponent, Maricopa County Treasurer David Schweikert.

Mitchell wrote on his campaign website, “I remain committed to securing our border and
working toward a comprehensive, permanent fix.”xx During a “state of the district” address in
January 2010, Mitchell said: “Playing it safe, which I could have done, is why big problems—like
healthcare and immigration reform—have yet to be tackled.”xxi Mitchell supported the
comprehensive immigration reform bill which was passed by the Senate in 2006. When the
Senate took up reform legislation again in 2007, he wrote an opinion piece in the Arizona
Republic titled “Immigration Status Quo Unacceptable for Congress." He praised the work of
those senators trying to find compromise on the issue: “And while their final product was far
from perfect, they tried to do what voters send them here to do get something done to fix the
problem.” When the Senate failed to pass a bill, Mitchell said: "I am deeply disappointed that
the Senate today let down the American people, who made clear last November that they are
looking to Congress to end illegal immigration. At the very least, Congress owes the American
people a vote on comprehensive immigration reform."xxii

On his campaign website, Mitchell writes that he understands why the state legislature passed
SB 1070, but doesn’t think it will solve Arizona’s immigration problem. Mitchell wrote, “The
new state law, SB 1070, reflects Arizonans’ frustration with the federal government’s failure to
secure the border and fix our broken immigration system, and I believe calls to boycott Arizona
are not only shortsighted, but they are detrimental to our economic recovery. A majority of
Arizonans support the new law because they are fed up with inaction. While it isn’t going to
solve the underlying problem, I believe it is a much-needed reminder to Washington to stop
ignoring our needs in Arizona.” xxiii

On his campaign website, David Schweikert touts endorsements from the authors of SB 1070.
He states, "We must secure the border against illegal immigration, trafficking, smuggling and
incursions once and for all by: Finishing construction of the fence. Holding companies
accountable for hiring illegals. Using high-tech surveillance to monitor the border by deploying
additional Predator-B U.A.V's. Hiring more border patrol agents and supplementing when

necessary by placing National Guard troops on the border. Linking Homeland Security money to
actual border security benchmarks. This begins by funding state law enforcement in amounts
directly tied to the number of officers who become ICE certified. Finally we must end sanctuary
city policies. For some, illegal immigration is a political issue to use and try to gain political
points. This is wrong. As your next Congressman, I will try to push through real solutions to the
illegal immigration problem. It’s not about politics, it’s about making sure our border is secure
and our state ceases to pay such a high cost for the problem of illegal immigration.”xxiv

In the 2008 campaign, Schweikert tried to portray Mitchell as weak on immigration control,
citing Mitchell’s support for comprehensive immigration reform. In 2008, much as he has in
this year’s campaign, Schweikert advocated a deportation-only approach to immigration. But
Mitchell won over this district’s voters that year, and even increased his winning percentage
from 2006 to 2008.xxv

U.S. House: Arizona’s 7th Congressional District

This southwestern Arizona border district, which includes Tucson and Yuma, voted for Barack
Obama by 57% in 2008 to John McCain’s 42%. Representative Raul Grijalva, a Democrat, was
re-elected in 2008 with 63%. Latinos represent 50.58% of the district’s registered voters.

Grijalva has been one of the foremost champions of comprehensive immigration reform in
Congress. He was one of the leading cosponsors of Representative Luis Gutierrez’ 2009
comprehensive immigration reform bill, CIR-ASAP—a bill he touts on his campaign website.
The website also boasts his support for the DREAM Act and AgJOBS, and declares that
“immigration is a national issue that needs a national solution, not a chaotic patchwork of
state-level responses.”xxvi After the Arizona legislature passed SB 1070, Grijalva supported the
boycott of the state that was being organized by various groups. This has made him the target
of attack ads from his Republican challenger and outside groups,xxvii and caused the Arizona
Republican Party to send out a campaign mailer declaring “¡Boycott Grijalva!”—a mailer some
accused of racist undertones because of its exaggerated depiction of Grijalva’s mustache. xxviii

Grijalva’s Republican opponent, scientist Ruth McClung, says on her campaign website that
“Our borders need resources and enforcement to stop illegal entry and terrorists” and that “we
need to enforce our border laws and reduce the bureaucracy of legal immigration.” xxix In an op-
ed from June posted on her website, she endorses a guest worker program, “ending”
entitlements for undocumented immigrants, and instituting a program that allows
undocumented immigrants to register with the government for an annual fee (though it would
not “start another immigration avenue”). xxx


U.S. House: Arizona’s 8th Congressional District

John McCain won this southeastern Arizona border district with 52% of the vote over Barack
Obama’s 46% in 2008. Incumbent Democratic Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords won
reelection in 2008 with 54.72%. Latinos in this district are 11.79% of registered voters.

On her congressional website, Giffords states: “Until the federal government can demonstrate
that it is serious about border security, we will see no progress in fixing our other broken
immigration laws. Reform should include tough employer sanctions and a national employee
verification system such as the New Employee Verification Act that I introduced along with
Republican Congressman Sam Johnson. Amnesty cannot be granted to those who have entered
illegally. They must be brought out from the shadows and overcome very strict requirements if
they are to apply for legalization.”xxxi During the 2008 election, Giffords said “Our immigration
laws need to be overhauled. In Southern Arizona, we’re in the thick of things. We’ve paid a
heavy price for Washington’s inability to update our laws.” xxxii

Giffords opposes SB 1070, but has also voiced opposition to the DOJ lawsuit challenging the law
and efforts to boycott the state. Giffords stated that SB 1070 has served as a “wakeup call” to
the federal government about the need to re-engage on immigration issues, and said, “If the
federal government had been enforcing its own immigration laws, there would be no need for
the state's divisive new immigration-enforcement law.”xxxiii She championed the border
security spending bill passed by Congress this summer, saying after its passage that “We’re
finally getting the attention we need.” xxxiv

Jesse Kelly, a construction company executive, is challenging Gifford for the Republicans. Kelly
has made immigration a centerpiece of his campaign, saying, “Gabrielle Giffords has betrayed
southern Arizona by refusing to secure the border.” xxxv He has aired several ads to this effect.
His website says: “I am a strong advocate for completing the double-layer border fence along
the US-Mexico border. I do not support public benefits for those who are here illegally. I
strongly support employer sanctions and Arizona’s new law, SB 1070.”xxxvi

Kelly has been endorsed by ALIPAC, an anti-immigrant organization with ties to white
supremacist groups. The endorsement has become an issue in the campaign, as the Democratic
Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) released a statement in October criticizing Kelly for
accepting ALIPAC’s endorsement and saying the group has “neo-Nazi ties.”xxxvii

The district has been a target for third-party groups running ads attacking Giffords. One, from a
group called “Conservatives for Congress,” claims that Giffords only pretended to support the
border fence, but secretly asked the Environmental Protection Agency to ban it for
environmental reasons.xxxviii



Latino Voter   Latino Voter     Latino Voter   Latino Voter   Growth in         Growth in
Percentage     Turnout 2000     Turnout 2004   Turnout 2008   Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
of Overall     (in thousands)                                 2000-2008         2004-2008

21.1%          1597             2081           2961           85.41%            42.29%

Latinos represent 21.1% of California’s registered voters and Latino turnout has increased
greatly over the past decade. When Proposition 187 was enacted here in 1994, it created a
backlash among Latino voters who turned against the state Republican Party that championed
the measure. Since then, Republican candidates have struggled to compete with Democrats
over this demographic group, which has become critical to winning statewide elections.

If politicians across the United States continue to demonize Latinos and immigrants through
harsh rhetoric and policies, they are likely to experience the same long-term backlash that
California Republicans have faced. As the late Richard Nadler stated, “The fear and the fury
engendered in the broader Hispanic community by conservative efforts to remove illegals has
destroyed conservative prospects in the Southwest, weakened them in the West, and wiped
them out in New England.” xxxix According to polling by Bendixen & Amandi, 72% of Latino
voters refuse to even consider voting for a candidate who advocates mass deportation of
undocumented workers. xl

Recently, some Republican politicians, such as Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and
gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman, have attempted to adopt a more immigrant-friendly
approach, but the right wing of the California Republican Party continues to call for harsh
immigration approaches and complicate GOP candidates’ efforts.


Former eBay CEO Meg Whitman won the Republican nomination with 64% of the vote xli in a
hard-fought victory over State Insurance Commissioner Steve Poizner, who made immigration
the top issue of his campaign. She now faces current state Attorney General and former
governor Jerry Brown, a consistent supporter of comprehensive immigration reform who calls a
path to citizenship a “very important priority,”xlii in the general election.

Whitman has struggled in the last weeks of the election, largely due to a controversy that
erupted over her alleged mistreatment of an undocumented housekeeper and her knowledge
that the housekeeper was not legally permitted to work in the U.S. The scandal exposed the
hypocrisy of Whitman’s calls to crack down on employers who hire undocumented workers,

and SEIU broadcast a Spanish-language ad drawing attention to the many shifts Whitman’s
immigration positions have taken over the course of her campaign. xliii

Whitman’s evolution on the issue has been profound. In October 2009, at a campaign stop
near the U.S./Mexico border in San Diego, Whitman called for a path to legalization for
undocumented immigrants. She asked her audience: “Can we get a fair program where people
stand at the back of the line, they pay a fine, they do some things that would ultimately allow a
path to legalization?”xliv She continued to take a conciliatory stance on the issue in November
2009, when she apologized to a Latino audience on behalf of the Republican Party for
Proposition 187, a 1994 California state law which attempted to keep undocumented
immigrants from using public schools or other public services. xlv This was an especially odd
position for Whitman to take, since former California Governor Pete Wilson—who won re-
election in 1994 while championing Proposition 187—had served as her campaign chairman
since she entered the race.xlvi

After facing a relentless barrage of criticism from Poizner throughout early 2010, however,
Whitman shifted her public positioning on the issue, saying “until we actually do secure the
border and actually stop illegal immigration, we can't talk about any other solutions, and I am
100 percent against amnesty.”xlvii She released a radio ad in May 2010 in which she said that
“illegal immigrants should not expect benefits from the State of California”—endorsing the
principle behind Proposition 187—and Wilson vouched for her credentials, saying “I know how
important it is to stop illegal immigration, and I know Meg Whitman. Meg will be tough as nails
on illegal immigration.” xlviii

Anticipating the increased importance of the Latino vote in the general election relative to her
Republican primary, Whitman advisors told the New York Times that, in the general election,
she “would move away from immigration to broaden her appeal.” xlix Her campaign dodged a
bullet when the California GOP failed to endorse the Arizona immigration law during its
semiannual convention in August.l But the shift was hard from the beginning: in one of the
first ads timed for the general election, the California Nurses Association ran a Spanish-
language ad highlighting Whitman’s support from Wilson and her tough talk on immigration in
the primary Wilson’s high-profile role posed an issue for Latinos. Maria Elena
Durazo, head of the Los Angeles County AFL-CIO, told the Washington Post, "We ran against
Pete Wilson for years after he was out of office. And, voilà! He's back—he's vouching for

Whitman struggled to find consistency between her primary positions and her positions in the
general election—especially regarding the Arizona law. In an interview with the Orange County
Register during the primary campaign, Whitman said, “I think I have a better plan for
California,” and emphasized her desired approach to crack down on employers and secure the
border. ”I have sympathy for what Arizona is going through and I understand their frustration
with the abject failure of the federal government,” she said. ”But if that law were to come

before me, I would oppose it.”liii In July 2010, Whitman told a talk show, “I would let the
Arizona law stand for Arizona. [...] My view is you gotta let the states do what they gotta do
until the federal government proves they can secure these borders.”liv As she attempted to
reach out to Latinos after the Republican primary, however, her Spanish-language messaging
on Arizona took a different tone: she ran an ad during the World Cup that said “She respects
our community; she’s the Republican who opposes the Arizona immigration law,”lv and
displayed a billboard saying “NO a la Proposición 187 y NO a la ley de Arizona.” lvi

Then, in a September 2010 debate with Brown, Whitman explicitly declared that she opposed
any path to legalization for undocumented immigrants.lvii

In recent weeks, Brown has begun to consistently lead Whitman in the polls. Even in late
September, however, when a Los Angeles Times/USC/Latino Decisions poll showed the two
neck-and-neck among non-Latino registered voters, Brown’s 54%-28% lead among Latinos gave
him a 49%-44% lead overall.lviii

U.S. Senate

Democratic Senator Barbara Boxer is running for her fourth term in the U.S. Senate. Carly
Fiorina, former CEO of Hewlett-Packard, won the Republican nomination in June with 54% of
the vote.lix

While Senator Boxer voted for a comprehensive immigration reform bill in the Senate in 2006,
she once voted against cloture for the 2007 bill in 2007, largely due to her opposition to the
bill’s guest worker program. On the final vote to end the filibuster on this bill, however,
Senator Boxer voted for it. On her campaign website, she says she supports “comprehensive
immigration reform that includes both a path to citizenship and tougher border security.” lx
Boxer has also routinely supported amendments to increase funding for building and extending
the fence at the U.S.-Mexico border. She was a vocal champion of the DREAM Act during the
Senate debate in September, however, and gave a speech on the floor expressing her
disappointment that it would not be voted on with the Defense authorization bill.lxi

Like Whitman, the Fiorina campaign moved rightward on immigration over the course of the
primary race. At first, Fiorina condemned the “racist tone” of the border debate in an interview
with POLITICO.lxii In that same interview, Fiorina stated that “The Democrats want to use
immigration as a wedge issue for the Hispanic community. Barbara Boxer, in particular, has
taken the Hispanic constituency for granted, for many, many years.”

However, the campaign adopted a harsher tone regarding immigration and the Arizona law.
Fiorina said she was “outraged” every time she heard "the people of Arizona vilified" by
Democrats. “They are trying to change the subject," Fiorina said. "The most fundamental
responsibility of the federal government is to protect its citizens…President Obama, the

Department of Homeland Security, Barbara Boxer--they have all failed in this most fundamental
of duties.”lxiii

Eventually, Fiorina even publicly supported the Arizona law,lxiv and attacked the Justice
Department for failing to go after San Francisco for its “sanctuary city” policy (a claim legal
experts have said is false).lxv Fiorina has maintained a tough tone on immigration throughout
the campaign, saying that, “illegal immigration has eroded Americans' trust in government,
threatened our national security and hurt our fellow Californians." lxvi

She has not always echoed right-wing demands, however, as she opposes calls to change the
14th Amendment to the Constitution to end birthright citizenship. lxvii Most notably, as the
Senate was considering whether to add the DREAM Act to a defense bill in September, Fiorina
declared her support: “I do not believe we can punish children who are here, through no fault
of their own, trying to live the American dream,” she said. lxviii

According to the San Jose Mercury News, Fiorina supports "controlling the border" and
establishing a better temporary worker program. lxix During a May primary debate, she said that
she was opposed to amnesty,lxx and that comprehensive immigration reform was not necessary
to “do what needs to be done;” lxxi she has consistently dodged the question of what she feels
should be done with undocumented immigrants currently in the United States, however, most
recently in a September debate.lxxii

In September, conservative interest groups launched the “Vota Tus Valores” campaign, urging
Latinos to vote for Fiorina because she shared their socially conservative positions on abortion
and gay marriage. Additionally, a “Vota Tus Valores” Spanish-language TV ad claimed that
Boxer had voted against comprehensive immigration reform in 2007—a claim that was partly
true, as Boxer had at one point voted against the bill as the Senate was debating it, but
extremely misleading as it did not reflect her ultimate vote on the bill. lxxiii Boxer hit back with
her own ad in Spanish, which said that “Fiorina is against comprehensive immigration reform,
and prefers a discriminatory law like the Arizona law. She is not with us. Her only interest is

Latinos in California strongly support Boxer over Fiorina: a September Los Angeles Times/USC
poll showed that Boxer held a 38-point lead over Fiorina among Latino registered voters—five
times the size of her lead among white voters. lxxv

U.S. House: California’s 3rd Congressional District

Republican Congressman Daniel Lungren is running for reelection, after winning in 2008 by a
margin of 48% to 44%. The 3rd Congressional District, where Hispanics comprise 9.8% of
registered Latino voters, covers most of Sacramento County and parts of Solano, Alpine,
Amador, and Calaveras Counties. President Obama narrowly won this district with 49.3% to

John McCain’s 48.8%. Lungren’s Democratic opponent is Indian-born physician (and child of
immigrants) Amerish Bera.

Lungren was a cosponsor of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, which made
hiring of unauthorized immigrants illegal and legalized the status of millions of undocumented
immigrants. More recently, Lungren has cosponsored restrictionist bills such as the House-
passed Sensenbrenner bill in 2005 and the Birthright Citizenship Act. On his congressional
website, Lungren states that “in regard to the question of amnesty, I will oppose any bill
brought to the floor of the House that includes an amnesty provision that confers citizenship

Furthermore, he has claimed on the campaign trail that while he would like to see immigration
reform that makes it easier for legal immigrants to get citizenship in addition to cracking down
on employers of undocumented immigrants and increasing border security, he believes that
President Obama has “poisoned the well” by discussing a path to citizenship for undocumented
immigrants.lxxvii In polling conducted by Benenson Strategy Group in 2009, though, a majority of
CA-3 voters supported passage of comprehensive immigration reform that includes a path to
citizenship.lxxviii Lungren also supports Arizona’s law SB 1070, and called the federal
government’s lawsuit against Arizona “dumb.”lxxix

Amerish Bera’s campaign website does not mention the candidate’s position on immigration.
The Sacramento Press’ endorsement of Bera says that he “advocates positive steps of fines,
back taxes and learning English for those here illegally to become citizens.” lxxx In an October
debate, Bera also called for work visas for specific professions, and for holding employers

U.S. House: California’s 11th Congressional District

This northern California congressional district encompasses parts of San Joaquin, Alameda,
Contra Costa, and Santa Clara Counties. Barack Obama won this district, comprised of 16.21%
Latino registered voters, by a margin of 53.8% to John McCain’s 44.5%. Incumbent Democratic
Congressman Jerry McNerney, who defeated Republican Congressman Richard Pombo in 2006,
is running for reelection against David Harmer, who ran in a special election in the 10th District
in 2009.lxxxii

On Congressman McNerney’s campaign website, he states that on immigration “we need
reform that provides greater enforcement and actually seeks to solve the problem. We should
improve enforcement and strengthen penalties for employers and contractors who knowingly
hire illegal immigrants, manage seasonal labor programs for local agriculture effectively, and
develop a stronger system to monitor and crack down on illegal trafficking at our borders.” lxxxiii


David Harmer’s campaign website promises, “I will push to complete the fence along our
southern border and to provide the most modern technologies to aid in identifying tunnels and
other illegal passageways. I will advocate full enforcement of existing immigration laws so that
illegal immigrants who are apprehended are deported, rather than released back into our
society.” He also declares his support for the Arizona law. lxxxiv At a Republican primary debate
this spring, Harmer said that the way to reduce illegal immigration was to abandon “the welfare
state” and change “the national character.” lxxxv

U.S. House: California’s 20th Congressional District

Barack Obama carried this central California district, in which Latinos represent 63.14% of
registered voters, 59.6%-38.7% over John McCain in 2008. Representative Jim Costa was
reelected by 74% of voters in 2008.

Costa does not mention immigration on his Congressional or campaign websites. In 2005, he
voted against the restrictive “Sensenbrenner bill” in the House.

Costa is facing farmer Andy Vidak, the Republican nominee, in November’s election. During the
Republican primary campaign, Vidak, like both his primary opponents, said he supported
Arizona’s SB 1070—and a newspaper endorsement that said that “Although *Vidak+—like his
opponents—endorses Arizona's new immigration law” remains on his campaign website.
However, when Costa mentioned this Vidak responded, “That's a lie, Jim…It's not on my
website and it never has been. You are a desperate man,” and maintained he never supported
SB 1070.lxxxvi

Vidak’s campaign website promises to work to establish a guest worker program, but says,
“Only when our border is sealed and an immigrant ID & documentation program is in place, will
I consider a pathway to citizenship.” lxxxvii

U.S. House: California’s 45th Congressional District

This district in Southern California, where Latinos are 23.9% of registered voters, covers parts of
Riverside County, including the cities of Palm Springs, Moreno Valley, Hemet, Cathedral City,
Rancho Mirage, Indio and Coachella. In 2008, Barack Obama narrowly won this district with
51.5% of the vote against John McCain’s 46.9%. Republican Congresswoman Mary Bono Mack
won reelection in this district with 58.29%.

Congresswoman Bono Mack, who voted for the controversial Sensenbrenner bill (H.R. 4437) in
the 109th Congress but has also supported the AgJOBS bill, states on her congressional website
that “In addition to securing our borders, I believe that comprehensive immigration legislation
must include a temporary legal employment document program.”lxxxviii According to the Press


Enterprise, she “views outright legalization of illegal immigrants as undeserved amnesty and
would vote against any bill with such a provision.” lxxxix

Bono Mack is facing Palm Springs Mayor and Democrat Steve Pougnet. On his campaign
website, Pougnet promises to “lead immigration reform in Congress.” His website says, “we
have undocumented workers here that have allowed California to prosper and cannot be
ignored. To bring these workers out of the shadows, I will work on a fair citizenship process as
part of my comprehensive immigration reform. I will advocate for a common sense approach
where undocumented immigrants cannot gain citizenship until they pay a fine, pay taxes they
owe, and wait in line like every immigrant that has become an American.” xc Pougnet spoke out
against Arizona’s law SB 1070 when it was passed, saying it “sets a dangerous precedent that
makes it okay to treat Hispanics different from others.” xci Pougnet also supports the DREAM

U.S. House: California’s 47th Congressional District

This district is dominated by Latino voters, who compose 65.32% of the registered electorate,
including current Democratic Representative Loretta Sanchez (who was re-elected with 70% of
the vote in 2008). Much of the remaining population of the district is of Vietnamese descent,
including Sanchez’ 2010 opponent Van Tran. Barack Obama carried the California 47 th with
60.1% in 2008 to John McCain’s 37.8%.

Sanchez’ website does not mention her position on immigration; however, she has supported
comprehensive immigration reform throughout the campaign.xciii During a Univisión
appearance in September, she claimed that “the Vietnamese and the Republicans are, with an
intensity, trying to take this seat” and that Tran was “very anti-immigrant and anti-Hispanic.”

While Tran was originally cagey about his position on immigration, he eventually declared his
support for Arizona law SB 1070 in a September interview with the Orange County Register.
During that interview, he said he saw immigration as a federal issue, but since he supports
neither a path to citizenship for all undocumented immigrants nor mass deportation, he
admitted, “what that solution looks like at the end of the day, I don’t know.” xciv In 2008, as a
state assemblyman, he flew a delegation to the border to publicize the necessity of National
Guard operations there.xcv



Latino Voter   Latino Voter     Latino Voter    Latino Voter    Growth in         Growth in
Percentage     Turnout 2000     Turnout 2004    Turnout 2008    Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
of Overall     (in thousands)                                   2000-2008         2004-2008

10.2%          158              165             195             23.42%            18.18%

In 2008, Latinos turned out in record numbers in Colorado, and most voted for Barack Obama
(61% versus 38% for John McCain). Given Obama’s overall margin of victory (54% to John
McCain’s 45%), the state’s Latino voters played a decisive factor in swinging the state from red
to blue. At 10.2% of the state’s registered voters, Colorado’s Latino voters will continue to
make an impact in the 2010 midterm elections.


In January 2010, Colorado Governor Bill Ritter (D) announced he would not run for reelection.
Denver Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) announced his intention to run for the governor’s seat,
and businessman Dan Maes beat former Governor Scott McInnis for the Republican
nomination. Former Republican congressman and anti-immigrant standard-bearer Tom
Tancredo is also running, under the American Constitution Party banner.

Tancredo initially attempted to run as a Republican by forcing both Maes and his primary
opponent to withdraw; when Maes refused, Tancredo entered the race as the candidate from
the American Constitution Party. Tancredo has built a career on opposition to illegal
immigration, as a congressman and presidential candidate, and immigration is the central issue
of his gubernatorial campaign. His website promises to implement “Arizona-style” laws and
“audit state and local government compliance with state immigration laws.” The website also
claims he will “withhold state funds from local governments that enact so-called ‘sanctuary
policies,’”xcvi which he says are rampant throughout the state—including, he claims, in

A Tancredo television ad features a man, Jason Kudlis, whose 3-year-old son, Marten, was killed
by an undocumented immigrant in a car crash. Kudlis claims that the immigrant had been
arrested sixteen times, but had not been turned over to ICE thanks to Denver’s “sanctuary city”
policy. As pictures of Marten flash on the screen, Kudlis addresses Hickenlooper directly: “I am
sending you Marten's picture, Mr. Mayor. Try to sleep at night knowing your policy contributed
to his death.” Then, Tancredo appears and promises to “stop illegal immigration cold.” xcviii


The Hickenlooper campaign called the ad “baseless and false.”xcix It has responded forcefully to
the “sanctuary city” claim by pointing to the city’s record of cooperation with the federal
government under Senate Bill 90, which requires local law enforcement to report any arrestee
officials suspect to be undocumented to Immigration and Customs Enforcement. c

Hickenlooper’s campaign website does not lay out his stance on immigration. However, in April
2009, Hickenlooper told a panel that “he favors immigration reform that includes a pathway to
citizenship for illegal immigrants. ‘If you create a system where there isn't that ultimate goal
for these people willing to work hard enough for it or have made sacrifices to go through the
ordeal, then you end up creating a second class of citizens in our country,’ Hickenlooper said.” ci
However, as Tancredo’s attacks have dominated the general campaign, Hickenlooper’s position
has become muted. “At a certain point, I don't disagree for a moment that this is a serious
problem that faces not just Colorado but the entire country,” Hickenlooper said in a debate in
response to Tancredo’s attacks. “You can't have a system where people randomly break the

When Arizona passed SB 1070, Hickenlooper called the law “troubling” but said “I am not
surprised states are trying to address immigration policy because Congress hasn’t.”ciii

Dan Maes’ campaign website says, “We must secure our borders with reasonable and cost
effective means to assure not one more illegal alien enters our country. As an ex-police officer,
I remember taking illegals off trains and holding them until immigration officials could pick
them up. That needs to happen every time one is apprehended no matter what country they
are from.” Maes also says that “We must enforce exisiting law per Senate Bill 90 that requires
law enforcement to investigate anyone one they have ‘probable cause’ to believe is an illegal
alien and act accordingly if that person is here illegally. Finally, I will introduce legislation to add
more state patrol officers to the illegal immigration division. We also need to pass legislation in
our state that reduces the incentives to live, work, and transfer funds from Colorado as Arizona
has done regarding this issue.”civ

U.S. Senate

Senator Michael Bennet (D), appointed by Governor Bill Ritter (D) to fill the seat vacated by
former senator and current Interior Secretary Ken Salazar, is up for reelection to a full six year
term. Senator Bennet defeated a challenge for the Democratic nomination from former State
House Speaker Andrew Romanoff. Weld City District Attorney Ken Buck beat out the rest of a
crowded primary field to win the Republican nomination. Polls indicate that this race could be
very close.

Since his appointment to the U.S. Senate, Senator Bennet has consistently and vocally
supported comprehensive immigration reform.       Bennet’s Senate website states that
“Washington can no longer afford to delay comprehensive immigration reform. It is time for

action on a comprehensive plan that secures the border and requires undocumented
immigrants to become legal, pay a fine and appropriate taxes and learn English. This is the only
way to fully address the pressing problems in our immigration system. I look forward to
working with anyone, from any party, who shows a genuine commitment to restoring common
sense to our immigration system.”cv He also cosponsored the DREAM Act, a bill which would
allow certain undocumented students who arrived in the United States as children and
graduate from high school to gain conditional permanent residency, and the AgJOBS bill to
provide legal status for farm workers and make changes to the H-2A guest worker program.cvi

As District Attorney, Buck issued dozens of arrest warrants for identity theft against
undocumented immigrants whose tax records were seized in Operation Number Games.cvii His
campaign website states: “the immigration system in our country is broken. We need to
revamp the system so that we can ensure it is a safe, viable option for those wanting to migrate
legally into our country. First, we have to secure the border to stop the flow of illegal
immigration. It is essential to our security that we curb the number undocumented immigrants
coming into our country. Second, we need to establish a program that will help make legal
immigration a feasible option. This will allow legal immigrants to fill jobs that American labor
cannot fill. Finally, we need to stand firm and say ‘no’ to amnesty. Illegal immigrants must
return to their country of origin to enter the United States with respect to our laws. This will
ensure that immigrants receive the proper protections of law and not be forced into the
shadows of our society.”cviii

A Buck TV ad about Congress’ failure to respond to citizens’ needs says, “We pleaded with our
government to secure our border. And you know what? They ignored us.” cix Buck has been
endorsed by the anti-immigrant group Americans for Legal Immigration PAC (ALIPAC), which
has been associated with extremist organizations. But when meeting with the editorial board
of the Colorado Springs Gazette, who ultimately endorsed him, Buck changed his tune, saying
that “One of the most immoral things this country has done is to create a situation in which
workers our economy needs have had to live in the shadows.” The paper added that “He wants
the country to get real about the number of foreign workers the economy needs to grow and
provide for the social security and pension needs of an aging population.” cx

U.S. House: Colorado’s 3rd Congressional District

Political insiders predict that in 2010, the fight for the 3rd District may come down to turnout in
Pueblo, where Democrats are strongest and where many of the district’s Latino voters (21.47%
of all registered voters) are located. Republicans are stronger in the rest of the district,
encompassing Colorado’s “Western Slope.” In 2008, John McCain narrowly carried the district
in the presidential election (gathering 50% of the vote to Barack Obama’s 48%), and Rep. John
Salazar, a Democrat, was reelected with 62% of the vote. This year, Salazar faces Scott Tipton
in a rematch of the 2006 election, when Salazar again won over 62% of the vote.


Salazar does not mention immigration on either his campaign or Congressional websites. In
2006, he was one of 35 Democrats to vote for the restrictive Sensenbrenner bill in the U.S.
House, and he voted for the REAL ID Act in 2005. cxi However, he has also sponsored the CIR-
ASAP Act authored by Congressman Luis Gutierrez (D-IL), which would provide for enactment of
comprehensive immigration reform.

Scott Tipton’s website promises that he will oppose “any and all policies that offer rewards to
people who come here illegally.”cxii During a Republican primary debate, Tipton called for
implanting biochips in legal immigrants that would track where they were allowed to work and
how long they were allowed to remain in the country. He also called for the government to
“coat the border” with infrared cameras.cxiii

U.S. House: Colorado’s 4th Congressional District

In 2008, Betsy Markey defeated three-term Republican incumbent Marilyn Musgrave to
represent Colorado’s 4th Congressional District, a district that John McCain narrowly carried
with 50% of the vote. Markey won the election with 56% of the vote compared to Musgrave’s
44%. Latinos comprise 8.82% of voters in this district. State Representative Cory Gardner is
running on the Republican side.

Markey’s comments regarding immigration have focused mainly on enforcement and employer
verification. However, in a September interview with the Coloradoan, she affirmed her support
for a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants: “I don't believe in amnesty, but we
need to take a look at people who are employed in this country,” she said. “If you meet certain
requirements, which include learning English, paying a fine, being employed, not having a
criminal record, then there should be a path for you to have status so that we bring people out
of the shadows.”cxiv

According to her campaign website, Markey supports increased funding for border security
efforts, and strong and workable employer verification programs. She also states that we need
a “visa system in place that recognizes the positive impact immigrants have had, in addition to
ensuring that important agricultural industries in Colorado can get the workers they need
legally so that our crops are not dying in the fields.“cxv Markey supports making the E-Verify
system mandatory at the federal level. cxvi

According to the Akron News-Reporter, when asked about immigration at a campaign stop,
State Representative Gardner said, “We need to secure our borders; put up fences where
appropriate, enforce current immigration laws and if necessary, have the National Guard patrol
our borders.”cxvii He has also said that “Arizona was doing what they believed best for Arizona”
by passing SB 1070 because federal policy had failed, and that “If we can’t secure the borders,
then whatever immigration policies and choices we make, they fail.” cxviii


In September, Gardner did not say whether or not he favored a path to citizenship, telling the
Coloradoan that he was unwilling to discuss the question until the borders had been secured. cxix
In October, however, Gardner hit Markey over her support, saying in an email to supporters
that “the problem with Markey's position is that ‘amnesty’ and a ‘path to citizenship’ is the
same thing.” However, when asked for comment, he refused to say whether he thought
deportation was a viable solution. cxx

U.S. House: Colorado’s 7th Congressional District

The growing Latino vote in the 7 th, which encompasses the northern suburbs of Colorado, has
helped fuel its shift toward the Democrats in recent election cycles;cxxi in 2010, Latinos comprise
19.62% of the state’s registered voters. Barack Obama won 59% of the vote in 2008, to John
McCain’s 39%, and Democratic Rep. Ed Perlmutter was re-elected with 63%. He faces Aurora
Councilor Ryan Frazier in the 2010 election.

On his campaign website, Perlmutter endorses comprehensive immigration reform that
includes securing the borders, enforcing existing workplace laws, streamlining the visa process
and establishing a path to citizenship. cxxii

Frazier’s campaign website says that he opposes “amnesty” and supports E-Verify—but also
supports “a responsible and enforceable work visa program.” cxxiii The Denver Post, in its
endorsement of Frazier, noted that “when he talks about illegal immigration, he's not a fire-
breather, admitting that it would be ‘inhumane to round people up.’” cxxiv Frazier has run a
television ad that says that “we need to secure the border” due to “violence at our borders.” cxxv


Latino Voter   Latino Voter     Latino Voter        Latino Voter   Growth in         Growth in
Percentage     Turnout 2000     Turnout 2004        Turnout 2008   Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
of Overall     (in thousands)                                      2000-2008         2004-2008

8%             61               56                  89             45.90%            58.93%

In 2008, Barack Obama won 61% of the vote in Connecticut to John McCain’s 38%. Latinos
made up 8% of registered voters in the state. Between 2000 and 2008, Latino voter turnout in
the state grew by 45.90%.


U.S. Senate

Senator Christopher Dodd’s announcement that he would not seek reelection opened the door
for a competitive race in a state that Barack Obama won with 61% to John McCain’s 38%. In a
state with 8% Latino voters, this segment of the electorate could make a difference in a hotly
contested Senate race. State Attorney General Richard Blumenthal won the Democratic
nomination, while the Republican nominee is former CEO of World Wrestling Entertainment
Linda McMahon.

Linda McMahon’s campaign website says that “While I believe immigration reform is needed, I
believe reform starts with securing the border. Border enforcement should be followed by
interior enforcement and a revamp of the visa process. I’m opposed to amnesty.”cxxvi According
to the New York Post, at a campaign stop in August, McMahon said “I’m opposed to amnesty,
but you can’t deport everyone.” The Post added that “She’d like to see stricter fines and
penalties for employers, maybe make illegals carry electronic key cards with them

Richard Blumenthal does not take a position on immigration on his campaign website. In an
interview with the Connecticut Post, Blumenthal said, “I am not in favor of general amnesty. If
we are going to grant citizenship to people here illegally now there should be tough
requirements such as criminal background checks, full payment of back taxes, familiarity with
certain basic civics ... Anyone who is here illegally should, in effect, go to the back of the line.
And there would be a period they would have to wait.”cxxviii

U.S. House: Connecticut’s 4th Congressional District

With 60% of the vote to John McCain’s 40%, Barack Obama decisively won this suburban New
York City district. Latinos are 9.8% of registered voters here. In 2008, Democrat Jim Himes
defeated incumbent GOP Congressman Chris Shays with 51.32% of the vote.

Himes’ campaign website from 2008 states: “Our dysfunctional immigration policy is shameful,
and we must enact comprehensive reform in the next Congress. Today, our borders are not
secure and we have 12 million undocumented workers living in the shadows. In addition,
comprehensive immigration reform must include a practical and humane approach to the 12
million undocumented immigrants who either entered our country illegally or who overstayed
their visas. The most viable way to encourage undocumented workers to come out of the
shadows is to offer an earned path to citizenship. Specifically, Jim believes that law-abiding,
hardworking, and tax-paying immigrants should be assessed a meaningful penalty for breaking
our immigration laws, and should then be allowed to go to the ‘back of the line’ for citizenship.”

Himes is facing Republican State Senator Dan Debicella. The Westport Patch reported that
Debicella “Opposes amnesty, but proposes a ‘blue card’ for those illegal immigrants willing to

step forward and register with the government – so long as they are employed and pay taxes.
However, if someone with a ‘blue card’ loses their job they must find new employment within
three months or risk being deported. Describes this a middle ground between amnesty and
path to citizenship. ‘The kick everybody out mentality is not good. Immigration is what makes
this country great.’”cxxix

At a forum in January 2010 for Republican primary candidates, Debicella said: “I propose that
we make it easier for people to come here legally. At the same time, we need to crack down on
illegal immigrants. We do need to try to send them home. We should deport them. We should
crack down and punish companies that hire illegal immigrants.” cxxx In a debate against Himes,
Debicella took an even more conciliatory position, saying that “my party gets this wrong a lot”
and “it is too hard to come to this country.”cxxxi

U.S. House: Connecticut’s 5th Congressional District

This western Connecticut district, including the cities of Danbury and New Britain, reelected
Democratic Representative Chris Murphy in 2008 with 59% of the vote; 56% of voters voted for
Barack Obama, while 42% voted for John McCain. Latinos represent 10.53% of registered

Chris Murphy does not mention immigration on his campaign website. During a debate in
October against his Republican challenger, state senator Sam Caligiuri, Murphy endorsed what
the Danbury News Times called a “challenging but fair path to citizenship for illegal immigrants,
rather than trying to deport 12 million people.” cxxxii When one of the Republican primary
candidates in his district expressed support for Arizona’s restrictive anti-immigration law SB
1070, Murphy said that the law “appears to violate” the Constitution. cxxxiii Caligiuri and third-
party groups have attempted to attack Murphy over voting for “free health care for illegal
immigrants,” a claim that Murphy has rebutted. cxxxiv

According to Sam Caligiuri’s campaign website, he “believes we must make every effort to
protect our borders, our cities, our transportation, and our citizens.” cxxxv During his debate with
Murphy, he claimed that any path to citizenship would reward lawbreakers. cxxxvi According to
the Litchfield County Times, however, while Caligiuri supports stricter border security and
enforcement of employment laws, he believes “ultimately the federal government may have to
make it easier for foreigners to enter the United States legally.” cxxxvii In July, when the Obama
Administration sued Arizona over SB 1070, Caligiuri expressed his support for Arizona. cxxxviii



Latino        Latino Voter      Latino Voter     Latino Voter     Growth in         Growth in
Registered    Turnout 2000      Turnout 2004     Turnout 2008     Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
Voter         (in thousands)                                      2000-2008         2004-2008
of Overall

12.8%         678               824              1227             81%               48.91%

In modern presidential elections, Florida has always been a battleground and “must win” state,
with twenty-seven votes in the Electoral College. The 2008 presidential race in Florida was one
of the closest margins of victory that year. Barack Obama won the state with 50.9% to John
McCain’s 48.4%. Given their substantial numbers at 12.8% of the electorate, Latino voters
clearly matter in Florida, and for a long time were considered a “Republican” constituency. The
Obama campaign’s strong focus on courting the Latino vote in Florida helped him carry the
state that supported George W. Bush in 2000 and 2004. Notably, while Latino voters favored
Bush by a 56% - 44% margin over John Kerry in 2004, their 57% to 42% support for Obama
helped provide the margin needed to defeat McCain.

According to an August 2010 report from the National Association of Latino Elected Officials
(NALEO), “The demographic changes in Florida’s Latino population are reflected in the partisan
affiliation of the state’s Latino registered voters, who comprise 13% of the state’s electorate.
According to January 2010 voter file data, Latino Democrats outnumber Latino Republicans,
who are still a sizeable portion (32%) of the electorate. About 29% of Florida’s Latino registered
voters have some other or no partisan affiliation. Thus, candidates from both major political
parties have opportunities to win the support of Florida’s Latino electorate.” cxxxix


Immigration is proving to be a hot topic in the 2010 race to succeed Charlie Crist as Governor.

Republican nominee Rick Scott’s harsh line on immigration pushed his primary challenger, Bill
McCollum, to propose an anti-immigrant bill in his capacity as state Attorney General to try to
strengthen his primary bid against Scott. The Miami Herald and other media outlets described
the bill, which was drafted by McCollum and Florida State Representative William Snyder, as
““tougher than Arizona’s.”cxl But the move backfired tremendously. It created a huge
controversy among his Latino advisors and base of support, which lead to depressed turnout
during the primary in Dade County, a McCollum stronghold, and cost him the nomination.


Republican strategist Ana Navarro described it like this: “It's not what (Latinos) did against Bill
McCollum,” she said; “it's what they didn't do for Bill McCollum.” cxli

Scott, a multimillionaire businessman, is vocal about his stance on immigration, saying he “is
opposed to amnesty and will fight amnesty for lawbreakers.” cxlii In an online video, Scott
criticizes Obama’s stance on immigration and says illegal immigration “endangers our
citizens.”cxliii Scott has donated money to Arizona’s legal defense fund so that the state can
uphold SB 1070cxliv and repeatedly urged Florida lawmakers to “Bring the Arizona immigration
law here to Florida. Now.”cxlv

The Florida legislature may take up McCollum’s and Snyder’s proposal in 2011. The bill includes
some of the provisions of SB 1070 which were enjoined by a federal judge in July, such as the
provision requiring police officers to check the immigration status of anyone they stop if they
suspect he or she might be undocumented. Furthermore, it would allow judges to make
immigration status a factor in setting bail, and would allow undocumented immigrants who are
suspected of crimes to be charged with a higher-level offense than they would if they were
legal residents.cxlvi However, the proposal would exempt Canadian nationals and others from
“visa waiver countries” (who tend to be European) from some of the provisions.cxlvii

Several of the state’s most prominent Republicans oppose the bill, including Representatives
Mario Díaz-Balartcxlviii and Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and former governor Jeb Bush. cxlix All of these
figures have endorsed Scott, however, who has said he will support the bill if elected. cl

Since winning the primary, Scott has talked significantly less about immigration in an attempt to
appeal to Latinos. cli Indeed, during an October debate sponsored by Univisión, he mentioned
the need for a guest worker program—a position he has not repeated elsewhere.clii

The Democratic nominee is Alex Sink. Sink’s campaign website says that her “plan for Florida is
to ensure that illegal immigrants don't take jobs away from Floridians or get a free ride off the
state welfare system when they don't pay taxes and don't play by the same rules as everybody
else.” She supports requiring all business owners to validate the legal status of employees, and
state agencies to check the immigration status of anyone seeking benefits. cliii In July, Sink said
in a statement that “I support comprehensive federal immigration laws that are enforced by
Washington. I am opposed to amnesty for illegal immigrants — any path to citizenship must be
reserved for those who obey the law, pay taxes, and go to the back of the line.” cliv

While Sink has not commented on the proposed immigration bill since its August release, and
dodged a question about it during a debate,clv her campaign website says that “the law passed
in Arizona does not meet Florida’s needs”clvi and she said in a June video that a similar law
would be “very, very bad for Florida.” clvii In June, a campaign spokesperson for Sink said that
“she would veto that type of legislation.” clviii


While Sink and Scott are neck-and-neck in the polls among all voters, an October Public Policy
Polling poll showed that Sink leads Scott among Latino voters, 55% to 31%. clix

U.S. Senate

When former Senator Mel Martinez (R) announced his retirement in August 2009, Florida
Governor Charlie Crist said he would run to replace him. However, when former Florida House
Speaker Marco Rubio surged before the Republican primary, Crist decided to run as an
independent. Rubio, born in Miami to Cuban immigrant parents, is now the Republican
nominee. Florida Congressman Kendrick Meek defeated billionaire Jeff Greene in the
Democratic primary.

Governor Crist supports comprehensive immigration reform. According to his campaign
website, “Governor Crist supports immigration reform that provides an earned path to
citizenship. Today there are as many as 14 million illegal immigrants in America as part of an
underground economy. Congress needs to provide an earned path to citizenship to those
seeking to stay in the country. By doing so, they would be required to seek citizenship and all
that implies with the result being an end to the underground system which exists today and is
actually a form of fraud which costs everyone. Just imagine if these 14 million illegal immigrants
became law abiding, tax-paying citizens and paid into the social security system how much
better off America would be.”clx In May 2010, Crist told the Associated Press that immigration
reform with a path to citizenship would help ensure that Social Security remains solvent. clxi
When Florida’s Arizona-style bill was introduced in August, Crist told CNN that “I don’t support
the Arizona bill. I don’t think it’s the way to go.” clxii

After announcing his Senate candidacy, Rubio took a hard line on immigration, saying that “If
you grant amnesty, the message that you’re sending is that if you come in this country and stay
here long enough, we will let you stay. And no one will ever come through the legal process if
you do that.”clxiii His campaign website goes further, stating, “If I had been in the Senate at the
time, I would have opposed the McCain-Kennedy bill.”clxiv

Rubio was initially critical of Arizona’s law, but soon switched to supporting it. According to the
Miami Herald, “A few tweaks was all it took for Rubio to get comfortable with a law viewed as
the harshest crackdown on illegal immigration in the country…‘The second *version of the bill+
that passed hit the right note. Yes,’ he said. ‘I mean no one is in favor of a bill that would force
American citizens to have to interact with law enforcement in a way that wasn't appropriate.
And the first bill I thought held that door open. Since then, the changes that have been made to
the bill I think greatly improve it.’”

While Rubio has not commented directly on the Florida proposal, a spokesperson said that “he
believes the best approach is for the federal government to deal with border security and


immigration, and he hopes state efforts like Arizona are a wake-up call for Congress to get its
act together.”clxv

During a Univisión-sponsored debate—broadcast in Spanish—Rubio proclaimed his support for
making English the official language.clxvi The following week, he released his first Spanish-
language ad, which emphasized his background rather than his positions on the issues.clxvii

Crist has been increasingly critical of the tension between Rubio’s positions and his heritage. In
October, he told the New York Times that “it’s almost a masking of policy with a stylistic
approach.”clxviii At a debate with Rubio, he quoted an article in another newspaper that accused
Rubio of “turning your back on your Hispanic family.” Rubio immediately called the comment
“offensive and outrageous.” clxix

On the Democratic side, Congressman Meek has “opposed an Arizona-style immigration law in
Florida.”clxx Meek has consistently supported comprehensive immigration reform. He is
currently an original cosponsor of the immigration bill authored by Congressman Luis V.
Gutierrez (D-IL).clxxi On his campaign website, Meek states that “we need comprehensive
immigration reform so that America can meet the economic and security challenges of the 21st

U.S. House: Florida’s 8th Congressional District

In 2008 Barack Obama won Florida’s 8th Congressional District with 52% of the vote. In the
congressional race that year, Democrat Alan Grayson defeated incumbent Rick Keller 52% to
48%. This district has 17.8% registered Latino voters.

Although Representative Grayson’s congressional and campaign websites do not touch upon
immigration, according to the Orlando Sentinel, “Grayson says illegal immigrants aren't a threat
to anyone, but they are a distraction from more pressing issues. ‘They're here because they
love America,’ he said. ’They didn't go to China or India. They came here.’ He said the answer is
to enforce existing immigration laws.’”clxxiii Grayson also called Arizona law SB 1070 “racist.”clxxiv

Grayson’s Republican challenger will be former state Senate Majority Leader Daniel Webster.
“Condoning illegal immigration through amnesty or allowing it through passive enforcement
destroys the very values that attract immigrants to our nation,” Webster writes on his
campaign website.” Webster is in favor of the Arizona immigration law.clxxv In the State House,
he has introduced legislation to increase penalties on employers who knowingly hire
undocumented immigrants.clxxvi

Tea Party candidate Peg Dunmire has also entered the race for Florida’s 8 th district. On her
website, Dunmire wrote that “We must require our voter registrations be verified for
citizenship. How can we do that? We could expand the use of the E-Verify tool that is presently

available for employers. Expand this to be used by ALL government agencies,
including voter registration, to verify legal status of the person requesting government services.
On the other hand, I do not support requiring employers be mandated to verify legal status or
use the E-Verify tool for new employees. It is the role of government NOT business to enforce
immigration.” She also believes that “I support our law enforcement officers in all services to
enforce the laws of the land. This includes asking for identification of any person who is
questioned in the course of the officer executing his or her duties.” clxxvii

U.S. House: Florida’s 12th Congressional District

John McCain narrowly won this Central Florida district with 50% of the vote, while Barack
Obama received 49%. Latinos comprise 11.9% of registered voters in this district. Republican
Congressman Adam Putnam, who was reelected with 57.46% of the vote in 2008, is retiring to
run for Florida Agriculture Commissioner. Former State Representative Dennis Ross is running
as the Republican candidate, and Polk County Elections Supervisor Lori Edwards is the
Democratic nominee. Polk County Commissioner Randy Wilkinson was originally running in the
Republican primary as well, but is now running as a Tea Party candidate.

Lori Edwards’ campaign website does not mention immigration, but she told the Winter Haven
News Chief that “‘we have to have the courage to make comprehensive reforms.’ That, she
said, means clarifying a path to citizenship for the millions who are currently in the county
illegally, securing the borders, and enforcing the federal laws that are currently in place both for
immigrants and those who hire them.” clxxviii

Republican Dennis Ross’ campaign website says, “I believe new immigrants to America should
to required to; learn English, American civics and culture, have a job and be legally permitted to
work, and participate in programs that promote assimilation. While America is better off for
the diversity of heritage, culture, and talents that come to our shores, our nation, just like any
nation, must have an identity that makes us who we are and most importantly, unifies us.” Ross
opposes “amnesty” and is in favor of local enforcement of immigration law, but supports “a
smooth guest worker program that rewards lawful behavior.” clxxix Ross is endorsed by
Americans for Legal Immigration PAC (ALIPAC), an anti-immigration group that has been
accused by the Southern Poverty Law Center of having extremist and neo-Nazi ties, and signed
the ALIPAC pledge promising to “use the full power of (his) office, including impeachment if
necessary, to insure the Executive Branch secures America’s border immediately.” clxxx

Tea Party candidate Randy Wilkinson told a nonpartisan voter guide that his plan for
immigration was to “1)Mandate e-Verify; 2)Work (with) police; 3)Enforce laws; 4)End chain
migration; 5)Limit worker importation; 6)Reduce total immigration; 7)End welfare dissuading
citizens from menial work.” He added that “We are blessed we don't have (the) European
problem where immigrants don't reflect (our) values. Hispanic immigrants mostly exemplify
Judeo-Christian values, family and work ethic.” clxxxi

U.S. House: Florida’s 22th Congressional District

In 2008, residents of this district on the southeast coast of Florida, which includes Ft.
Lauderdale, split fairly evenly in the presidential election, with 52% voting for Barack Obama
and 48% voting for John McCain. They were somewhat more decisive in reelecting
Representative Ron Klein, with 55%, over Republican challenger Allen West. Klein and West
face a rematch in November, with the race considered a toss-up.

Klein does not mention immigration on his campaign website. During a debate in October, Klein
stated he was opposed to a path to citizenship: “"I don't believe in amnesty. I don't think you
want to bring people here and allow them to get citizenship. I do think maybe there could be
some plan where people can work here.”clxxxii In May, when asked by a local TV station about
his position on Arizona law SB 1070, Klein maintained that “Instead of having 50 states and
having 50 different immigration laws we should have one national policy which includes
securing the borders and having laws that can be implemented and enforced.” clxxxiii

Unlike most other Republicans running in Florida, Allen West has continued to make
immigration a central issue through not only his primary campaign but the general election as
well. When speaking at a protest in May, West told his audience that “You must be well-
informed and well-armed, because this government we have right now is a tyrannical
government. And it starts with illegal immigration.” clxxxiv West’s website claims, “The
Constitution of the United States of America has these three mandates; ensure domestic
tranquility, promote the general welfare, and provide for the common defense. All three of
these directives relate to the issue of illegal immigration, as illegal immigration adversely affects
our economy, jobs, national security, crime levels, education, and healthcare.” West endorses
stronger border security and enforcement. clxxxv West supports states’ ability to enforce
immigration law--“to do something about this situation, especially in Arizona.” clxxxvi He has said
he could support a guest worker program “somewhere down the line,” “but for right now the
most important thing is securing our border, enforcing our laws.” clxxxvii

U.S. House: Florida’s 24th Congressional District

Florida’s 24th Congressional District is represented by Democrat Suzanne Kosmas, who defeated
incumbent Rep. Tom Feeny with 57% of the vote to Feeny’s 41% in 2008. John McCain carried
this district with 51% to Barack Obama’s 49%. The close results of the presidential election
demonstrate the importance of this district, where Latinos make up 11.23% of registered

Little has been reported on Kosmas’ views about immigration reform, although the Orlando Sun
Sentinel calls her views similar to those of Ron Klein regarding opposition to Arizona law SB
1070, desire to strengthen border security and calls to crack down on employers who hire

undocumented immigrants.clxxxviii Her Republican challenger, Sandy Adams, has made her views
known. In an interview with the Daytona Beach News-Journal, Adams said, “Arizona passed the
law to protect their citizens. They had murders, rapes, kidnappings, drug issues…The border is
not being crossed just by people looking for jobs and a better way of life. There are some
people who cross that border to do us harm.” She proposed that
“we should have our borders closed so we know who's coming and going across our
borders.”clxxxix She is “not involved” with the Arizona-esque immigration enforcement bill that
has been proposed in the state legislature, but claims to have introduced “similar” bills in the
State House several times.cxc

U.S. House: Florida’s 25th Congressional District

Republican Congressman Mario Diaz-Balart, the brother of Congressman Lincoln Diaz-Balart,
has represented Florida’s 25th Congressional District since 2003. The district, in which Hispanics
compose 52.55% of registered voters, includes parts of Miami-Dade, Monroe and Collier
counties in the southern-most part of Florida. Diaz-Balart defeated his 2008 opponent, former
Miami-Dade Democratic Party chair Joe Garcia, 53% to 47%. John McCain won a narrow victory
in this district with 50% of the vote.

When Lincoln Diaz-Balart, who represents Florida’s neighboring 21st Congressional District,
announced in February 2010 that he would not seek reelection in November, Mario Diaz-Balart
announced that he would run for his brother’s open seat rather than running for reelection in
the 25th District. Florida State Representative David Rivera is running in the 25 th District as a
Republican. Garcia, the 2008 Democratic nominee, is running again in 2010.

Rivera says he “believes that stopping illegal immigration starts by controlling our borders and
strengthening existing penalties for people entering the country illegally. There are also many
businesses that subsist on the work of illegal immigrants and Rep. Rivera believes that the
federal government must enact harsh penalties against employers that hire illegal
immigrants.”cxci Rivera has stated that the Arizona law “only distracts us from what we have to
do to have comprehensive immigration reform” cxcii and that immigration is “a federal obligation
and federal responsibility.” cxciii He endorses securing the borders, cracking down on employers
and instituting a guest worker program. “If we can get past those three issues, and let the
American people feel comfortable, then and only then can we continue on to the next step of
comprehensive immigration reform.”cxciv Rivera says he wants to help the children of
undocumented immigrants, but has not endorsed the DREAM Act. cxcv

According to Garcia’s campaign website, "Americans are honest hard working citizens that want
to see our immigration problems resolved. We need immigration reform that's tough, fair, and
practical. Those who are here illegally must be required to pay taxes and earn their citizenship.
And if you're here illegally and have committed a crime, you should be deported. We must also
secure our borders because the American people should get to decide who enters our country.

And we must penalize employers who hire illegal immigrants for jobs that otherwise would be
American jobs."cxcvi

Garcia has stated that “while I may not always agree with Congresswoman Ros-Lehtinen and
Rep. Diaz-Balart, I admire their clarity on this issue and I look forward to reaching across the
aisle and working with them on immigration reform.”cxcvii

Garcia opposes Florida’s proposed immigration-enforcement bill and has hit David Rivera for
remaining silent on the issue, saying, “It is deeply troubling to see that as Bill McCollum is trying
to bring an Arizona-style immigration law to Florida, David Rivera says he isn't ready to
comment on where he stands on yet another issue.” Garcia later implied, in a debate on
Spanish-language radio, that Rivera supported the bill, and asked him: “``I think about my
grandmother, who is 92 years old, who has never driven a car -- so she doesn't have an ID -- and
they stop her on a street corner. Are they going to take her to jail because she doesn't speak


Latino         Latino Voter      Latino Voter     Latino Voter      Growth in         Growth in
Registered     Turnout 2000      Turnout 2004     Turnout 2008      Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
Voter          (in thousands)                                       2000-2008         2004-2008
of Overall

5.12%          7                 14               30                328.60%           114.30%

Idaho is still a decidedly red state; voters preferred John McCain over Barack Obama by a 61%-
36% margin in 2008). However, the state’s Latino voters, which doubled over each of the last
two presidential election cycles, is playing an increasingly prominent role in state politics.

U.S. House: Idaho’s 1st Congressional District

Latinos represent 6.85% of registered voters in Idaho’s First District, which covers the western
half of the state. In 2008, when John McCain carried the district with 62% of the vote to Barack
Obama’s 36%, Democratic Congressman Walt Minnick won a very close election to represent
the First District in the U.S. House. He now faces a tough reelection campaign against Puerto
Rican-born Idaho State House representative and immigration lawyer Raul Labrador.

Minnick was a vocal supporter of comprehensive immigration reform during the 2008
campaign, when he faced Republican incumbent Bill Sali. While Sali took a hardline position on

immigration, claiming that it “steals jobs from hard-working Americans, adds extra burdens to
our already overstretched entitlement programs and presents unacceptable security threats to
our country,” Minnick pointed out that Idaho’s agricultural sector “relies on migrant labor” and
called for reform in which undocumented immigrants could pay a penalty and obtain legal
status. cxcix Sali’s attempts to paint Minnick’s plan as “amnesty” were unsuccessful in a district in
which 88% of voters support comprehensive immigration reform, cc and Minnick eked out a
victory with 51% of the vote.

In 2010, Minnick has backed away from support for a path to citizenship; in a debate with
Labrador, he said that after registering, facing a judge and paying a penalty, undocumented
immigrants “could go in the back of a line for a green card, not citizenship.”cci He has also called
for more border security, better employment verification and a “more flexible temporary
worker program” for both high and low-skilled workers.ccii

While Minnick’s position on the issue has only changed slightly, his rhetoric has gotten much
harsher, and his campaign has attempted to smear his Republican opponent, Raul Labrador, by
attacking Labrador’s immigration-law practice. In September, Minnick released a television ad
claiming that “over half of (Labrador’s) work is helping illegal immigrants stay in the United
States.”cciii A spokesperson for Minnick defended the ad, saying that Labrador “takes advantage
of a broken system and exploits loopholes in that system for his own personal gain.” cciv

Labrador’s website states unequivocally that “amnesty and a pathway to citizenship for illegal
aliens are out of the question,” and that “the federal government must enforce the existing
laws already in the books through deportation and employer sanctions” as well as placing
troops and other resources on the border. ccv During his debate with Minnick, Labrador
explained that he wants “a guest worker program that works, so that we can do without
amnesty and without pathways to citizenship.” ccvi While a member of the State House,
Labrador “introduced legislation to fight the problem of illegal immigration in Idaho” and voted
for a bill making English the state’s official language. ccvii

When Arizona first passed its immigration law, SB 1070, Labrador said in a statement that “It is
the duty of the federal government, not the individual states, to guard, protect and secure our
borders. The states simply don’t have the resources. Instead of dealing with unconstitutional
sideshows like the federal takeover of health care, Congress should be focused on its
constitutional duty to protect the nation.” ccviii However, the statement also defended Arizona,
saying that its legislature “took decisive action to protect its state and people from an
onslaught of violence,” and that “Of course Arizona was compelled to act.”ccix Later, when the
federal government filed a lawsuit against Arizona over the law, Labrador endorsed Idaho’s
decision to join several other states in filing a brief on Arizona’s behalf. ccx And in October,
Labrador recorded a radio ad with Sheriff Joe Arpaio of Maricopa County, AZ ccxi—the role model
for SB 1070 whose crime-fighting effectiveness has been called into question. ccxii


However, Labrador has had significant trouble quashing the belief that he is “soft” on
immigration or that he has refused to answer questions about his record, as evidenced by a
prominently-placed button on the front page of his website labeled “My Policies on
Immigration: Separating Fact from Fiction.” While Labrador claims that continued confusion
over his position is partly due to his heritage, both his primary opponent (military veteran and
GOP operative Vaughn Ward, whom he defeated) and Minnick have used Labrador’s
immigration law practice to attack his credibility. In May, in the aftermath of Arizona’s passage
of SB 1070, a spokesperson for Ward claimed it was legitimate to bring up Labrador’s business
(some of which involves representing undocumented immigrants) in the campaign and asked
rhetorically, “Would he represent terrorists?”ccxiii

Meanwhile, the state Republican Party and Labrador’s campaign have sought to portray his
business, along with his ethnicity, as an advantage; his campaign manager said in September
that “His occupation and ethnicity makes him an ideal spokesman for the party on one of the
hottest issues in America – immigration.”ccxiv

Recently, Labrador has hit back, with a television ad that claims that “Democrat Walt Minnick
isn’t telling the truth. He says he’s against amnesty, but he wouldn’t send illegals back.” ccxv
During the debate, he described Minnick’s plan to have immigrants appear before a judge for
green cards as “amnesty.”ccxvi


Latino Voter   Latino Voter     Latino Voter    Latino Voter     Growth in         Growth in
Percentage     Turnout 2000     Turnout 2004    Turnout 2008     Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
of Overall     (in thousands)                                    2000-2008         2004-2008

7.5%           218              294             314              44%               6.80%

Barack Obama won 61.8% of the vote in his home state of Illinois to John McCain’s 36.9%.
Democrats also picked up a seat in the 11th Congressional District in November 2008, following
another special election victory in the 14th Congressional District in early 2008. Latinos
represent 7.5% of the state’s registered voters.

U.S. Senate

The race for President Barack Obama’s former Senate seat has been ranked as a toss-up contest
since Governor Rod Blagojevich appointee Roland Burris to the seat amidst much controversy.


After a spirited primary, Republicans chose 10th District Congressman Mark Kirk as their
nominee and Democrats chose State Treasurer Alexi Giannoulias.

Because polls have consistently shown the general election contest to be a true toss up, the
role of Latino and immigrant voters has gotten a good deal of attention by the media and both

During his time in Congress, Kirk has built a consistent voting record against comprehensive
immigration reform and for enforcement-only legislation, including the controversial
“Sensenbrenner bill” in the 109th Congress. He has stated that one solution to the immigration
debate is to ship contraceptives to Mexico as a way to “reduce the long-term illegal
immigration pressure on America's borders.”ccxvii In an effort to redefine himself to Latino
voters, Kirk was the first of the two candidates to air a Spanish language television ad, narrated
by the candidate himself, touting his involvement with a non-profit program focused on Latina

Giannoulias set out early to define himself with Latino voters, meeting with Latino and
immigrant community leaders and declaring his unequivocal support for comprehensive
immigration reform and the DREAM Act. According to his campaign website, Giannoulias
“believes that we should place the nation’s 12 million undocumented immigrants on a
responsible path to citizenship. He supports a plan that requires undocumented workers to pay
a fine for entering the country illegally, learn English, pay taxes and wait in line to become
citizens.”ccxviii And at a recent candidate debate, Giannoulias said “my position is clear, I
support the DREAM Act, I support comprehensive immigration reform.” ccxix

In fact, the DREAM Act has become a major point of contention between the two candidates.
Outside organizations have funded online and radio advertising campaigns about the DREAM
Act. Kirk has repeatedly refused to declare a position on the DREAM Act, a point that
Giannoulias used to criticize him at their last public debate. Ultimately, Kirk declared that “this
is not the time” to pass the DREAM Act.ccxx

U.S. House: Illinois’ 10th Congressional District

GOP Congressman Mark Kirk is retiring from the House in order to run for the U.S. Senate.
2008 nominee Dan Seals is again the Democratic nominee this year. The GOP’s nominee is
businessman Bob Dold. 6.2% of the district’s registered voters are Latino.

Dan Seals’ campaign website says that the candidate supports “comprehensive immigration
reform that addresses three key principles”—securing the border, engaging Mexico, and
enforcing the law against employers who hire undocumented workers—“while providing a fair
pathway to citizenship.” ccxxi His “Latinos for Dan Seals” page says, “It is time we moved passed
empty rhetoric and pursued practical solutions. Dan opposed building a fence along the

Mexican border to curtail illegal immigration because he understands what too many partisans
do not: immigrants come to this country because they are driven by hope for a better life for
themselves and their families. That kind of hope is strong and no wall is going to stop it.” ccxxii

Robert Dold stated in a Chicago Sun-Times election questionnaire, “I believe that we need to
first build the fence along our southern border to stop the inflow of illegal immigration into our
country. Meanwhile we need to have stronger enforcement of the laws that are already in
place. We must also create a more efficient process for dealing with legal immigration.” He
added that “I believe this is a federal issue and we cannot have a patchwork of state laws on an
issue as critical to national security as immigration.”ccxxiii

U.S. House: Illinois’ 11th Congressional District

The 11th District is comprised of the southern exurbs of Chicago, including Joliet and portions of
central Illinois. Latinos represent 5.68% of registered voters in this district. Barack Obama won
here with 53% to McCain’s 45%. Democrat Debbie Halvorson won this district’s House seat
with 58.4% of the vote in 2008. Her Republican challenger this year is Iraq war veteran Adam

Halvorson‘s campaign website says that “While people enter our borders illegally every day,
Debbie is fighting to provide additional resources to secure our borders and keep our country
safe,”ccxxiv and in a debate she and Kinzinger offered similar comments saying that securing the
border must be the first step in dealing with immigration. ccxxv But as state Senate Majority
Leader, Halvorson was praised by immigrant advocates for her strong support for
comprehensive immigration reform. In addition, Halvorson declared her support for "earned
citizenship" for undocumented workers at a Kankakee County Farm Bureau candidates’ forum
in August 2008. In 2007, as the Illinois General Assembly considered legislation to authorize a
special driver's permit for undocumented residents, Halvorson said Democrats discussing the
proposal viewed the bill as a positive for public safety.ccxxvi

Adam Kinzinger’s campaign website says that “Illegal immigration places an extreme burden on
our public services and our communities – a burden that is not sustainable. In order to address
this issue effectively, we need to first and foremost secure our borders. If we solved our illegal
immigration problem tomorrow, the matter would only become a problem again without
proper actions in securing our borders. The National Guard is an effective tool in getting us one-
step closer to securing our border.” ccxxvii In a Chicago Sun-Times candidate questionnaire, he
praised the border security bill passed this summer by Congress and said “I hope this is only a
first of many steps taken by Congress to ensure that our border is secure. Only after the border
is secure can we take the next steps in order to find a solution to this complex issue. Congress
needs to work together to set a sensible policy on how to handle the millions that came here
illegally. Only then will we be closer to having a comprehensive immigration policy.” ccxxviii


U.S. House: Illinois’ 14th Congressional District

Congressman Bill Foster represents Illinois’ 14th Congressional District, which includes north
central parts of the state and some of Chicago’s western suburbs, and in which 10% of
registered voters are Latino. This is the district that former GOP House Speaker Dennis Hastert
represented. Hastert’s resignation sparked a special election in 2008 which Foster won with
53% of the vote; Foster then went on to win a full term in November with 58%. Barack Obama
won this district with 55% of the vote.

Foster notes the need for comprehensive reform on his congressional website. “Rather than
dealing with one aspect of our immigration crisis, it will be best to consider such measures as
part of broader immigration reform that deals simultaneously with all aspects of this problem:
secure borders, rapid and reliable workplace enforcement, background checks, and realistic and
humane quotas that meet the needs of our businesses and communities.”ccxxix In October,
Foster told the Daily Herald that he supported a biometric ID card for all citizens and legal
workers, as well as a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants who passed background
checks and paid fines.ccxxx

In 2010, Foster faces Republican State Senator Randy Hultgren. During the Republican primary,
Hultgren stated in a Chicago Sun-Times candidate questionnaire that he is “strongly opposed to
amnesty for illegal immigrants; it sends the wrong message about the rule of law.”ccxxxi During
the general election, however, he agreed with Foster that the right way to deal with
undocumented immigrants currently in the country was to institute “background checks, fines
and sending them to the back of the line for legal citizenship application,” rather than mass


Latino         Latino Voter       Latino Voter      Latino Voter   Growth in         Growth in
Registered     Turnout 2000       Turnout 2004      Turnout 2008   Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
Voter          (in thousands)                                      2000-2008         2004-2008
of Overall

1.45%          21                 41                36             71.40%            -12.20%

Latinos represent 1.45% of Indiana’s registered voters. In 2008, Indiana Latinos overwhelmingly
supported Barack Obama--77% voted for Obama, while 23% voted for John McCain. Between
2000 and 2008, Latino voter turnout in the state grew by 71.40%.


U.S. House: Indiana’s 2nd Congressional District

This northern Indiana district, including South Bend, voted for Barack Obama in 2008 with 54%
(John McCain won 45% of the vote) and re-elected Democratic Representative Joe Donnelly
with 67% of the vote. But Donnelly faces a tough re-election campaign this year against state
representative Jackie Walorski. Five percent of registered voters in the district are Latino.

Donnelly, one of the more conservative Democrats in the House, cosponsored the
enforcement-only SAVE Act.ccxxxiii On his campaign website, he writes, “I oppose any proposal
that amounts to amnesty or rewards illegal behavior… I will continue to work hard to ensure
that American citizenship is reserved for those who play by the rules.” He endorses tighter
border security and legislation to enable easier employment verification and stricter workplace
enforcement. ccxxxiv In a television ad that aired in August, he distanced himself from President
Obama and Speaker Pelosi on immigration, saying: “I went down to the border and saw for
myself just how bad the situation really is. That's why I voted to hire 5,300 more border agents,
penalize any business that hires illegals, deport illegals who commit felonies and eliminate
amnesty — because no one should ever be rewarded for breaking the law. That may not be
what the Washington crowd wants, but I don't work for them. I work for you.” ccxxxv He has also
expressed his support for Arizona in its lawsuit against the federal government over anti-
immigration law SB 1070. ccxxxvi

Republican challenger Jackie Walorski is the rare GOP challenger not to mention immigration
on her website. However, as a representative in the Indiana State House, she endorsed a bill
that would require state documents to be printed only in English. ccxxxvii

After a debate among all three candidates for the seat—Donnelly, Walorski, and Libertarian
candidate Mark Vogel—the South Bend Tribune wrote that the candidates’ firm anti-
immigration stances made the issue one of the few on which they shared common ground.
“They oppose amnesty for illegal immigrants, sympathize with Arizona's attempt to address the
problem with its own state law and agree it will take more than physical barriers to minimize
the number of people living in the United States illegally.”ccxxxviii



Latino        Latino Voter      Latino Voter     Latino Voter   Growth in         Growth in
Registered    Turnout 2000      Turnout 2004     Turnout 2008   Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
Voter         (in thousands)                                    2000-2008         2004-2008
of Overall

3.20%         7                 28               39             457.10%           35.7%

In 2008, Barack Obama won 57% of the vote in Connecticut to John McCain’s 42%. Latinos
represent 3.20% of the state’s registered voters. Between 2000 and 2008, Latino voter turnout
in the state grew by 457.10%.

U.S. House: Kansas’ 3rd Congressional District

This eastern Kansas district encompasses the western suburbs of Kansas City, and an electorate
that is 6.79% Latino. Democratic Representative Dennis Moore, who was reelected with 56% of
the vote in 2008, is retiring this year. His wife, Stephene Moore, is running for the Democrats
to replace him; state representative Kevin Yoder is the Republican nominee. The district was
split in the presidential election, with 51% of residents voting for Barack Obama and 48% voting
for John McCain.

Stephene Moore’s website does not mention her position on immigration. In an interview with
KMBC Kansas City, she said that “Our country needs responsible, comprehensive federal
immigration reform. We need to secure our borders and enforce our laws to protect our
economic and national security. We must crack down on employers who knowingly hire illegal
immigrants. People who are here illegally should have to pay fines, back taxes, learn English,
and get in the back of the line to go through the proper channels to earn citizenship.”ccxxxix

Kevin Yoder’s campaign website says, “We must eliminate incentives to illegal immigrants by
building greater cooperation with businesses to ensure illegals are not employed, restricting
illegals’ access to public services, and by strengthening the legal immigration process by
supporting measures to increase the speed and efficiency of immigration system and increasing
the number of H-1b visas.”ccxl



Latino Voter   Latino Voter      Latino Voter     Latino Voter     Growth in         Growth in
Percentage     Turnout 2000      Turnout 2004     Turnout 2008     Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
of Overall     (in thousands)                                      2000-2008         2004-2008

12.4%          45                72               119              164.44%           65.28%

Nevada was one of the key Democratic pickups in the 2008 presidential contest, and Latino
voters were a crucial factor here. Barack Obama won Nevada with 55% of the vote, compared
to John McCain’s 43%. Latinos represent 12.4% of voters in Nevada, and 76% of them voted for
Obama in 2008, helping him win a state which was won by George W. Bush in 2000 and 2004.


In the midst of a string of personal and ethical scandals, incumbent Governor Jim Gibbons (R)
lost his party’s primary to former federal judge and former Nevada Attorney General Brian
Sandoval. Clark County commissioner Rory Reid is the Democratic nominee. Reid is the son of
U.S. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, who is up for reelection this year.

Polls are showing Sandoval with a consistent lead over Reid heading into the election. However,
a poll conducted in early October by Public Policy Polling--the only recent poll to offer specific
numbers for Latino voters—showed that among Latinos, Reid enjoyed a 53%-40% advantage
over Sandoval. ccxli

According to the Las Vegas Sun, Sandoval is opposed to a path to citizenship for undocumented
immigrants. Sandoval’s press secretary, Mary-Sarah Kinner, told the Sun, “With tighter border
control and stepped up enforcement on employers who knowingly hire undocumented
workers, the problem would subside.”ccxlii Sandoval’s campaign website reiterates this: “One of
the questions I'm asked out on the campaign trail is ‘do you support amnesty?’ I do not support
amnesty… I believe that we must enforce our laws, secure our borders and respect the efforts
of those who have become a citizen through the proper legal process.” ccxliii He also says that
“Businesses who knowingly hire illegal immigrants should be held accountable.” ccxliv

While Sandoval has been touted as part of a new wave of Latino Republicans who can appeal to
Latino voters because of their shared background, the Las Vegas Sun pointed out at the
beginning of the campaign that Sandoval’s position of “no path to citizenship for illegal
immigrants, now or ever” would force him to “thread a political needle” in reaching out to his
state’s crucial Latino electorate. ccxlv Sandoval’s outreach to Latinos has focused on his biography
and economic positions. Most notably, he broadcast a Spanish-language television ad during

the World Cup called “Ya Es Hora” (a reference to the sentiment that “it is time” for Nevada to
have a Latino governor).ccxlvi The ad showed pictures of Sandoval and used an off-camera
narrator, since Sandoval himself does not speak Spanish. ccxlvii

Sandoval’s ethnicity became even more relevant when Univisión Nevada news director and El
Tiempo columnist Adriana Arévalo revealed that “he said in an interview on Univisión that he
vehemently supported Arizona’s anti-immigrant law. In reference to the same law, he was
asked how he would feel if he his children were stopped in the street and asked for their
papers. He answered, with a note of pride in his voice, ‘my children don’t look Hispanic.’” ccxlviii
Sandoval denied making the comments, but they were confirmed by the Las Vegas Sun.ccxlix
Sandoval has said that he does not think Nevada needs to pass an Arizona-type law. ccl In
October, Sandoval found himself on the verge of another potential controversy when a woman
claimed to have worked for Sandoval as an undocumented employee, but her claim has not
been substantiated.ccli

Two weeks before the election, an independent group with Republican ties called Latinos for
Reform aired ads in Nevada, in both Spanish and English, urging Latinos not to vote because
both parties had “betrayed them” by failing to pass immigration reform. Sandoval immediately
denounced the ad, saying, “The television ad imploring Hispanics not to vote should be taken
down immediately. It is outrageous, and has no place in Nevada. No voter should have their
right to vote suppressed or denied.” cclii

Rory Reid’s campaign website says he favors “comprehensive immigration reform and common
sense solutions,” and opposes the Arizona law. ccliii Reid’s campaign also has a Spanish-language
website up—Sandoval’s does not—and Reid has released a Spanish-language ad that features
the candidate himself addressing the camera in Spanish.ccliv

U.S. Senate

Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid is running for reelection in 2010, in what is expected to be a
very close race. The race pits one of the Senate’s most vocal champions of comprehensive
immigration reform against Sharron Angle, a Republican candidate supported by the
Minuteman PAC.cclv

Senate Majority Leader Reid has been a champion of comprehensive immigration reform. On
his Senate website, Reid states that he remains “committed to comprehensive immigration
reform and hope that we are able to enact it soon.” cclvi During an April 10, 2010 rally in Las
Vegas, he promised to push for immigration reform that could include a path to U.S. citizenship.
"We're going to have comprehensive immigration reform now," Reid said. "There are no
excuses. This is something America needs. We're going to do immigration reform just like we
did health care reform."cclvii


“I believe immigrants here without legal status must be required to register with the
government, learn English, pay their taxes, pass criminal background checks and pay fines and
penalties for being here unlawfully--or face deportation,” Reid wrote in a letter published April
18 in the Las Vegas Review-Journal. “Far from getting on an 'expedited path to citizenship,' they
must go to the back of the line.” He also calls for effective border security and tough sanctions
against employers who hire illegal immigrants, and wants to improve legal channels leading
toward U.S. citizenship. “Right now we have a system where our back door is broken and our
front door is shuttered,” Reid wrote. “We need to keep out criminals and those who will not
contribute meaningfully to our society, and welcome the best and the brightest and those who
will work hard to help our economy to grow.”

Reid has also championed the DREAM Act, helping lead the effort to attach it to the Defense
appropriations bill in the Senate in September. When the vote to move the Defense bill
forward failed—in part because of Republican objections to the attempt to attach the DREAM
Act to it—Reid took the floor and said: “I also want everyone else within the sound of my voice
to know we are going to vote on the DREAM Act. It is just a question of time. This is so fair. That
is all it is about, fairness--basic fairness.”cclviii

Reid opposes the Arizona anti-immigration law. He has said that it illustrates why the United
States needs comprehensive immigration reform: "because the issue is too big and too
important to do in a piecemeal way.”cclix

In August, Reid provoked some controversy when he said to a Hispanic audience at a campaign
event that “I don't know how anyone of Hispanic heritage could be a Republican.” His campaign
clarified that Reid meant that “he doesn't understand how anyone, Hispanic or otherwise,
would vote for Republican candidates.”cclx

Sharron Angle’s campaign has consistently taken a harsh tone on immigration and has been
notably absent in its outreach to Latino voters. Angle has said that she opposes “amnesty
proposals, which send a ruinous signal that breaking the law is acceptable in our country.” cclxi
She also supports increasing physical security along the U.S.’s borders, including "military
assistance" to help the Border Patrol do its job. cclxii During a debate with Reid, she said that “I
think every state should have a sheriff like Joe Arpaio,” cclxiii the sheriff of Maricopa County, AZ
who has been widely criticized for his aggressive anti-immigrant tactics, inhumane treatment of
detainees, and failure to pay attention to violent crime. cclxiv

Angle has released several ads attacking Reid for his support of immigration reform, and
accused him of supporting free health care for undocumented immigrants. One ad called Reid
“the best friend an illegal alien ever had.” cclxv Another featured an image of three menacing-
looking Latino men followed by an image of white construction workers as the narrator asks
“What does Harry Reid have against you?” The ad was taken down from YouTube when it was
discovered that the image was a copyright-protected photo of three Mexican men that had

been taken in Mexico.cclxvi A campaign mailer from Angle showed an image of Reid weighing
the country of Mexico and the word “amnesty” over the United States and the word “jobs.”
Even Tibi Ellis, chairwoman of the Nevada Republican Hispanic Caucus and a spokeswoman for
Angle, said in September, “I condemned this type of propaganda, no matter who is running
them, where they blame Mexicans as the only problem and where they attack them as the only
source of illegal immigration.” cclxvii

When speaking in October to a Nevada high school’s Hispanic Student Union, Angle was asked
why her ads consistently portrayed Latinos as “illegal aliens.” Angle claimed that “I’m not sure
that those are Latinos in that commercial,” and implied that the ad could actually have been
about the northern border: “What we know is that our northern border is where the terrorists
came through. That’s the most porous border that we have.”cclxviii Furthermore, she told the
Hispanic Student Union that “I don’t know that all of you are Latino. Some of you look a little
more Asian to me.”cclxix

Angle has not released any Spanish-language ads, and has been criticized for her refusal to talk
to Spanish-language media outlets.cclxx She is also the only major candidate in Nevada who has
not denounced the television ad aired two weeks before the election by the independent,
Republican-associated group Latinos for Reform, which urged Latinos not to vote in the
upcoming election.cclxxi

As the Wall Street Journal reported in October, conservative activists in Nevada believe that
“Ms. Angle is likely making a calculated risk that Hispanics are unlikely to be a factor” in the
election. cclxxii Latino voter turnout will be crucial to Senator Reid’s re-election, with major
implications for the Democratic and Republican Parties.

U.S. House: Nevada’s 3rd Congressional District

Nevada’s 3rd Congressional District, which includes the suburbs of Las Vegas, is made up of
13.24% Latino voters. In 2008, Barack Obama won this district with 55% to John McCain’s 43%.
Democratic Congresswoman Dina Titus defeated Republican incumbent John Porter by 47% to
42% in 2008. Although her campaign website does not indicate a position on immigration
issues, during her campaign for Governor of Nevada in 2006, Titus stated that undocumented
immigrants should apply for a program that allows them to become citizens after waiting many
years and clearing hurdles such as paying fines and taxes.cclxxiii Titus opposed the Obama
Administration’s decision to sue the state of Arizona over its controversial immigration-
enforcement law SB 1070, saying that “what the government should be spending its time and
energy on is enforcing existing federal laws and fixing our broken immigration system through
comprehensive reform with border security as its cornerstone.” cclxxiv

Titus’ Republican opponent in 2010 is former State Senator Joe Heck. Heck supports ending
birthright citizenship for children of undocumented immigrants, and supports Arizona’s

controversial anti-immigration law SB 1070.cclxxv He supports ”more aggressive border patrol
practices” and increased enforcement, including the 287(g) program and mandatory E-Verify, as
well as “streamlining our nation’s bureaucracy to manage the legal immigration infrastructure.”
Heck said: “Our economic stability and our nation’s security are dependent on enacting border
security measures that take away the incentives that people have to crossing the border

                                       NEW MEXICO

Latino Voter   Latino Voter     Latino Voter    Latino Voter    Growth in         Growth in
Percentage     Turnout 2000     Turnout 2004    Turnout 2008    Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
of Overall     (in thousands)                                   2000-2008         2004-2008

32.6%          191              276             289             51.31%            4.71%

Between 2000 and 2008, the Latino vote in New Mexico grew by 51.31%. It now stands at
almost a third of the electorate, making it a significant voting bloc: according to polling firm
Latino Decisions, the Latino vote “has had a significant impact on the outcome of the past
several elections in New Mexico.”cclxxvii In 2008, they voted for Obama by a margin of 69% to
McCain’s 30%; Obama won the state as a whole with 57% of all voters, while 42% supported


Governor Bill Richardson (D) won his second term in 2006 with 69% of the vote. Prevented
from running again due to term limits, Richardson’s Lieutenant Governor Diane Denish is
running against Republican Susana Martinez to succeed him.

If elected Martinez, who is currently District Attorney for Dona Ana County, would be the first
Latina governor in the state’s history; either candidate would be the first female governor.
However, with the exception of a Spanish-language page on her website and one Spanish-
language television ad, in which she discussed prosecuting the abusive family of a murdered six-
month-old Mexican-American girl,cclxxviii Martinez’ outreach to Latino voters has been muted.
Furthermore, Martinez has taken a hard line on immigration. Her website says: “Martinez’s
office prosecutes over 600 cases related to border security every year and works with various
law enforcement agencies to secure convictions against members of Mexico’s most violent drug
cartels. Martinez understands first-hand the threat these criminals pose to our state and will
make securing the border a top priority.” The website also says that Martinez promises to
repeal a law permitting undocumented immigrants to receive driver’s licenses and opposes
extending in-state college tuition to undocumented students living in New Mexico. cclxxix

During the Republican primary, Martinez’ campaign released a television ad attacking opponent
Allen Weh’s support for the comprehensive immigration reform bills of 2006 and 2007, calling
them an “amnesty plan.”cclxxx She has continued to use the issue to attack her opponent in the
general election, Lieutenant Governor Diane Denish. In June, early in the general election
campaign, Martinez released a television ad saying that “a department in Denish’s cabinet gave
sanctuary for criminal illegals.”cclxxxi

Martinez’ immigration stance has become one of the most notable aspects of her campaign,
but she risks turning off moderate voters. A local political columnist wrote in July, “I have heard
from many moderate Democratic and independent voters that they’re interested in Martinez’s
candidacy. That’s critical, because she can’t win without those voters. Many of those people
have told me they don’t know where Martinez stands on most issues. They do know about her
far-right stance on immigration – and it makes them nervous.”cclxxxii

Martinez claims that “My focus has always been on the illegal immigrants who come here with
the purpose of committing criminal acts.”cclxxxiii Notably, given her harsh rhetoric on the issue
and her state’s proximity to Arizona, Martinez has not declared her support for SB 1070,
Arizona’s harsh immigration law.cclxxxiv

Democrat Diane Denish is also calling attention to her support for tough border security, saying
on her campaign website, “our border with Mexico is a crucial transit point for billions of dollars
of economic activity, but unfortunately, it is also a transit point for narcotics and weapons.
That’s why Diane has worked with federal border agents, the New Mexico National Guard and
local law enforcement officials to develop legislative proposals to improve security along our
border.”cclxxxv Martinez’ attacks have also caused Denish to shift her position on New Mexico’s
law allowing undocumented immigrants to obtain driver’s licenses; while Denish originally
supported keeping the law, which is already on the books, after Martinez won the Republican
primary Denish said that she wanted to repeal it.cclxxxvi A campaign spokesman told the New
Mexico Independent in July that the driver’s license issue, “along with securing our borders, is
part of a national debate on comprehensive immigration reform. It is well past time for a single
immigration law, not a patchwork of laws and policies that differ from state to state.”cclxxxvii

In October, Denish’s running mate for Lt. Governor, Brian Colon, recorded an ad attacking
Martinez for her financial support from out-of-state donors, mostly from Texas. He also alluded
to the fact that Martinez herself lived in Texas until high school, saying in the ad, “We know
Susana Martinez is from Texas…Susana es una tejana.” Colon himself moved to New Mexico
from his New York birthplace as an infant. A local political-science professor explained to the
Albuquerque Journal that “the Denish campaign appears to be trying to evoke the stereotype
of affluent, conservative, primarily Anglo Texans who come to New Mexico to hunt and ski and
are perceived by some local residents as wanting to take over,” although this does not fit
Martinez’ background. Martinez’ supporters attacked it as a “public smear campaign” which

was “very clearly aimed at dividing northern Hispanics from southern Hispanics.” cclxxxviii
Martinez released a response ad saying that “Diane Denish crossed the line” and that “they’re
so desperate to hold on to power, they’re appealing to the worst in people.” cclxxxix

During a debate, Denish also attacked Martinez’ running mate, John Sanchez, whose roofing
company she claimed had “been cited not once, but twice” for employing undocumented

Martinez is consistently ahead in the polls going into the election. However, the three polls
conducted in the last month that have broken out support among Latino voters show that
Latinos prefer Denish. The most recent survey as of this report, conducted on October 15 th by
SurveyUSA, showed that among all voters, Martinez led Denish 54%-42%, but among Latino
voters Denish led Martinez by the same proportion. ccxci

U.S. House: New Mexico’s 1st Congressional District

This central New Mexico district based in Albuquerque, with Latinos making up 6.38% of
registered voters, has historically been a battleground for both Congressional and presidential
elections. Barack Obama won this district with 54% of the vote to John McCain’s 44%.
Democrat Martin Heinrich was elected to Congress in 2008 with 55.65% of the vote. Heinrich
will face former New Mexico Republican Party vice chairman Jon Barela in this year’s midterm
election. Barela is Hispanic.

Heinrich does not feature his immigration position on his congressional or campaign websites,
but Heinrich has co-sponsored the only comprehensive immigration reform bill that has been
introduced in the House of Representatives during the 111 th Congress, H.R. 4321,
Comprehensive Immigration Reform for America's Security and Prosperity Act of 2009. He
denounced Arizona’s anti-immigration law SB 1070, saying that ““Arizona’s misguided
legislation is the wrong reaction to a very real issue. Passing laws that many of our citizens fear
will institutionalize racial profiling is no solution. That is why I feel it is so important for
Congress to take up immigration reform this year.”ccxcii During a debate, he said that if
undocumented immigrants’ “only crime is their immigration status and they're willing to learn
English and willing to jump through hoops, then they get into the immigration system.”ccxciii

While the only position on immigration mentioned on Barela’s website is that “it is critical that
we make sure our borders are secure,” ccxciv Barela said during a debate that “I might break
ranks with some in my party by saying, ‘I'm not a round 'em up throw them out’ type of
guy.”ccxcv Barela’s campaign told a New Mexico Independent reporter that “Jon is opposed to
the Arizona immigration law and feels there is a better, more comprehensive way to reform our
nation’s immigration system.”ccxcvi Barela has told the press that he supports a guest worker
program. ccxcvii


U.S. House: New Mexico’s 2nd Congressional District

New Mexico’s Second congressional district, encompassing the southern half of the state, is
represented by Democratic Congressman Harry Teague. The district is home to a Hispanic
population that is 35.55% of the overall registered voter population. John McCain narrowly
won this district with 50% of the vote, yet Teague won his seat in Congress during the same
election cycle with 55% of the vote. Teague is running for reelection against Republican Steve
Pearce, the former U.S Representative.

Discussion of immigration issues on Teague’s website focuses on border security, boasting of
Teague’s role in passing the “border security funding surge” bill this summer. ccxcviii Addressing
the status of undocumented immigrants on his website, Teague states that “we must find a way
to include these individuals in our community so that they may come out of the shadows and
have a real opportunity to join our society. Our government must provide a comprehensive
pathway to citizenship that would allow for these individuals to learn English, pay back taxes,
pass background checks, and pay a fine.”ccxcix Teague is also a supporter of the DREAM Act.ccc

Teague has denounced Arizona law SB 1070. “This is a misguided and potentially dangerous law
that makes it okay to treat Hispanics different from everyone else in Arizona,” he said in a
statement. “While I recognize and support a state’s right to protect its citizens, I don’t support a
state by state patchwork approach to addressing border security and illegal immigration.” ccci

Meanwhile, Pearce’s campaign site states that during his previous tenure in Congress, “he
worked to put 4,000 new agents on America’s borders. [He] will work to secure the border, to
streamline the broken immigration system, to ensure that guest workers who enter the country
do so legally and he will encourage legal immigration.” cccii Pearce says he is opposed to
“amnesty,” but also does not believe that all undocumented immigrants should be
deported. ccciii He has said that “we additionally at the same time need to reform how people
come through the country, if we can separate those people who are wanting to do violence
from the people who want to come here and work, I think it's going to take a lot of the pressure
off the border.”ccciv


                                          NEW YORK

Latino Voter   Latino Voter     Latino Voter     Latino Voter     Growth in         Growth in
Percentage     Turnout 2000     Turnout 2004     Turnout 2008     Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
of Overall     (in thousands)                                     2000-2008         2004-2008

10.9%          502              613              743              48.01%            21.21%

In 2008, Barack Obama won 63% of the vote in New York to John McCain’s 36%. Latinos made
up 10.9% of registered voters in the state. Between 2000 and 2008, Latino voter turnout in the
state grew by 48.01%.

U.S. House: New York’s 1st Congressional District

Four-term Democratic incumbent Tim Bishop is running for re-election in this district, which
includes the eastern part of Long Island and in which 7.51% of the electorate is Latino.
Immigration is a particularly salient issue in the New York 1st, where undocumented immigrant
Marcelo Lucero was murdered in 2008 in a hate crime. A jury convicted Lucero’s killer of
manslaughter as a hate crime this year.cccv The district re-elected Bishop with 58% of the vote in
2008; 51% of voters chose Barack Obama for president, and 48% chose John McCain.

Bishop recently said in a candidate questionnaire: “I support comprehensive immigration
reform that will effectively address our country's need to gain control of our borders, regulate
the flow of workers into the U.S. to fill our workforce, and deal in an enforceable manner with
the estimated 12 million immigrants who are in our country illegally. If there is one thing we all
should be able to agree upon in this highly emotional debate, it is that the status quo is
unacceptable. Reform legislation must include increased enforcement personnel on the border
while cracking down on illegal immigrant crime.”cccvi Bishop has opposed allowing
undocumented immigrants to obtain New York State drivers’ licenses, and supported building a
wall along the border.cccvii

Bishop’s Republican challenger, businessman Randy Altschuler, says on his website, “Border
security is akin to Homeland Security. We must expeditiously complete the construction of the
southern border fence and enact strong reforms to stop illegal immigration. No one should be
rewarded for coming here illegally. I will not support any legislation that contains amnesty for
illegal aliens.”cccviii


U.S. House: New York’s 13th Congressional District

John McCain narrowly won this traditionally Republican district, located in Staten Island and a
small portion of Brooklyn, with 51% to Barack Obama’s 49%. The growing Latino population in
this district represents 10.41% of registered voters. Democrat Mike McMahon was elected to
this House seat with 60.94% of the vote. Former FBI Squad investigator Michael Grimm is the
Republican nominee to challenge McMahon.

McMahon does not feature immigration on either his Congressional or campaign websites, but
the issue is important to the growing immigrant population in his district, which comprises one
of New York City’s boroughs. When asked about immigration by the Staten Island Advance,
McMahon stated, "Currently, my focus is on jobs and reducing our unemployment rate and
deficit. Congress tackled so much last year with much success, but I believe that our priority
should be getting people in our country back to work, plain and simple." cccix He did say in April
that he did not support efforts to enforce immigration law through state and local law
enforcement, saying that police “are there to protect everyone regardless of their status.” cccx

Michael Grimm attacked McMahon for his comments, and claimed that McMahon’s
congressional inaction demonstrated that he “prefers the status quo, which is providing
nothing more than amnesty to those here in this country illegally.” cccxi

Grimm says on his website that “Realistically, you cannot simply ‘round-up’ and deport every
person among the millions illegally in this county, but there are things we can do to reverse the
tide of illegal immigration. If illegal aliens can’t work here or collect government benefits, they
will not continue to come here, or want to remain here. With that in mind, as Congressman, I
will seek the adoption of penalties, and enforcement of those penalties, that will absolutely
deter employers from breaking our immigration rules. Additionally, I will not support any kind
of non-emergency medical, taxpayer-paid benefits or services to illegal aliens.” cccxii Grimm also
believes that all state and local law enforcement officers should ask anyone they detain or
question to offer proof of immigration status, and those who do not should be turned over to
Immigration and Customs Enforcement.cccxiii

U.S. House: New York’s 19th Congressional District

Democratic incumbent John Hall faces Republican challenger and ophthalmologist Nan
Hayworth in this Hudson Valley district, where Latinos comprise 7.73% of the electorate. A
bare 51% of district voters went for Barack Obama over John McCain in 2008, when Hall was
reelected with 59%.

Hall has no position on immigration listed on his website. In a recent debate, “both candidates
agreed with…allotting increased attention to border security and immigration control.” cccxiv


Hayworth states on her website that “the first step is to secure the border.” She supports
expanded use of E-Verify and “an efficient guest-worker program to accommodate agricultural
employers.” Hayworth states, “I do support a registration program for illegal immigrants
currently within U.S. borders, to be conducted during a defined grace period, and only to be
pursued after securing the borders.”cccxv In August, she told an audience of law enforcement
officials that the “first thing we need to think about is border security. Without securing our
borders effectively, we cannot control the flow of illegal immigration across our borders, or our
ports, or our sky.”cccxvi

                                      NORTH CAROLINA

Latino        Latino Voter       Latino Voter     Latino Voter     Growth in         Growth in
Registered    Turnout 2000       Turnout 2004     Turnout 2008     Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
Voter         (in thousands)                                       2000-2008         2004-2008
of Overall

1.69%         22                 27               77               250%              185%

In 2008, Barack Obama won 50% of the vote in North Carolina to John McCain’s 49%. Latinos
made up 1.69% of registered voters in the state. In such a close race, North Carolina’s Latino
voters were a significant factor in the outcome of the election. Between 2000 and 2008, Latino
voter turnout in the state grew by 250%.

U.S. House: North Carolina’s 2nd Congressional District

This central North Carolina district, including central and southern Raleigh, split fairly evenly in
the 2008 presidential election, with 52% of the vote going to Barack Obama and 47% going to
John McCain. It supported incumbent Democratic Representative Bob Etheridge strongly, re-
electing him with 67%, but Etheridge is currently in a closer race against nurse Renee Ellmers in
2010. Latinos represent 7.88% of registered voters.

Etheridge voted against the restrictive “Sensenbrenner bill” that passed the House in 2005. In
the 111th Congress, he has been quiet on the issue, not cosponsoring either the comprehensive
immigration reform bill CIR ASAP or the restrictionist SAVE Act, nor has he made any major
statements on the issue during the campaign.

Republican candidate Renee Ellmers says on her campaign website, “The unwillingness of the
federal government to enforce our immigration laws makes it easier for terrorists to cross our
borders and cause us harm. It also burdens taxpayers with higher costs in public safety,

education, health care and other areas.”cccxvii She is “opposed to any form of amnesty for

U.S. House: North Carolina’s 8th Congressional District

The 8th District in North Carolina is located in the south central region of the state; 6.61% of its
registered voters are Latino. Democratic Representative Larry Kissell was first elected in 2008
with 55% of the vote, as the district voted for Barack Obama over John McCain 52%-47% in the
presidential election. He is being challenged by Republican Harold Johnson, a former TV

Kissell cosponsored Representative Heath Shuler’s restrictionist Secure America through
Verification and Enforcement bill in the 111th Congress. In 2006, he came under fire for calling
to “deport illegals” and writing on his website that his “immigration plan will use the vast
technology resources of the newly formed Homeland Security Department to identify and track
down illegal immigrants.”cccxix Kissler has continued to attack immigrants this year, saying during
a visit to the border in September that “Illegal immigration has had a devastating impact on the
economy of our state and district. American citizens need jobs, and we can’t continue to allow
those who enter the country illegally to take jobs away from Americans, especially at a time
when our economy is hurting so badly.” cccxx

Republican challenger Harold Johnson’s campaign website says “We must secure our southern
border to stop the flow of illegals into our country, and we need to do this immediately. The
border must be secured by whatever means is necessary — a physical fence, a virtual fence,
more border patrol officers, the National Guard — whatever it takes…. I am against amnesty
and do not support so-called ‘immigration reform’ measures that do little more than reward
illegal behavior or provide expanded taxpayer funded services to illegals.” cccxxi At a meeting of
local Republicans in October, Johnson told his audience that Democrats want “amnesty,
amnesty, amnesty for 15 to 20 million illegals. If that happens, as Republicans, these chairs will
stay empty. There is no sense in having meetings. We'll never win another election.”cccxxii



Latino        Latino Voter      Latino Voter      Latino Voter   Growth in         Growth in
Registered    Turnout 2000      Turnout 2004      Turnout 2008   Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
Voter         (in thousands)                                     2000-2008         2004-2008
of Overall

2.19%         33                36                39             18.2%             8.30%

In 2008, Barack Obama won 57% of the vote in Oregon to John McCain’s 41%. Latinos made up
2.19% of registered voters in the state. Between 2000 and 2008, Latino voter turnout in the
state grew by 18.2%.

U.S. House: Oregon’s 5th Congressional District

Barack Obama carried this district in western Oregon, which includes Salem, with 54% of the
vote in 2008; Democrat Kurt Schrader was also elected to Congress with 54%. Schrader faces
state representative Scott Bruun in 2010. Latino voters represent 10.27% of the state’s

Schrader supports “comprehensive immigration reform strengthening our borders; creating a
better legal immigration program; and designing cost effective and fair processes for
immigrants already in this country illegally requiring them to declare themselves, pay a fine,
and then go through the legal immigration system,” according to a candidate questionnaire
from the Statesman-Journal.cccxxiii

Scott Bruun supports a comprehensive green card system with employer sponsorship, but says
he opposes “blanket amnesty.” He defended Arizona’s law SB 1070 from attacks, calling it "one
of the most mischaracterized laws that I've seen."cccxxiv He told the Statesman-Journal in its
candidate questionnaire that “Our first priority must be to enforce our current immigration
laws so that our borders can remain secure. We must work in a bipartisan way to solve the
problems that exist within our current system and ensure that our laws are being properly

During a debate, the candidates were asked about their position on changing the 14 th
Amendment to revoke birthright citizenship for the children of undocumented immigrants.
While KGW Local News reported that Schrader’s sentiment was that “the core issue is

immigration reform, not a need to amend the Constitution,” Bruun was less averse, saying only
that “any constitutional change involving the definition of citizenship should be a very
deliberate process, clearly vetted by the House and Senate before the debate is taken


Latino Voter   Latino Voter     Latino Voter    Latino Voter    Growth in         Growth in
Percentage     Turnout 2000     Turnout 2004    Turnout 2008    Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
of Overall     (in thousands)                                   2000-2008         2004-2008

3.8%           68               88              161             136.76%           82.95%

Pennsylvania was a battleground state in 2008, from the primaries to the general election.
Attaining 55% of the vote, Barack Obama won a state divided between its more liberal urban
areas and conservative rural areas.
The immigration issue was brought to the forefront in the 11th Congressional District, where the
restrictionist mayor of Hazleton, Lou Barletta, ran for Congress against Democratic incumbent
Congressman Paul Kanjorski. Barletta led a campaign to make Hazleton “one of the toughest
places in the United States”cccxxvii for undocumented immigrants, but was unable to turn his
crusade against immigrants into electoral victory.

Senator Arlen Specter’s switch from the Republican to Democratic Party in 2009, and
consequent defeat in the Democratic primary to Representative Joe Sestak, will once again
make Pennsylvania a state to watch during the midterm elections. Former Congressman Pat
Toomey will challenge Sestak in the general election in November. Political analysts and polling
indicate that this race will be extremely close, so with nearly 4% of registered voters in the
state, Latinos will be a factor in this and other races.

U.S. House: Pennsylvania’s 15th Congressional District

Barack Obama won this Eastern Pennsylvania district, which includes Allentown and Bethlehem,
with 56% of the vote to John McCain’s 43%. Latinos in this district represent 9.42% of
registered voters. Republican Congressman Charlie Dent was reelected with 58.57% in 2008.
He is being challenged by John Callahan, the Democratic mayor of Bethlehem, PA.

Rep. Dent is a member of the restrictionist Congressional Immigration Reform Caucus and he
voted for the controversial Sensenbrenner bill (H.R. 4437) in the 109th Congress. An earlier
version of Dent’s campaign website stated: “A great, sovereign country must secure and control
its own borders. We must be a 'nation of laws' and that is why I oppose granting amnesty to

illegal immigrants. We cannot reward millions of lawbreakers over people who follow the
rules.”cccxxviii However, this page has been removed from the website.

During a live chat with voters, John Callahan said, “We have to have comprehensive reform,
and that starts with securing our borders. We also have to crack down on employers who
knowingly hire illegal immigrants.” He also said he supported making undocumented
immigrants who were already here pass background checks; pay back taxes; register with the
government; learn English; and “go to the back of the line.” cccxxix

                                       RHODE ISLAND

Latino        Latino Voter      Latino Voter     Latino Voter   Growth in         Growth in
Registered    Turnout 2000      Turnout 2004     Turnout 2008   Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
Voter         (in thousands)                                    2000-2008         2004-2008
of Overall

3.87%         4                 13               20             400%              53.80%

In 2008, Barack Obama won 63% of the vote in Rhode Island to John McCain’s 35%. Latinos
made up 3.87% of registered voters in the state. Between 2000 and 2008, Latino voter turnout
in the state grew by 400%.

U.S. House: Rhode Island’s 1st Congressional District

This district, stretching along the east edge of New Jersey (including Providence), is currently
represented by Patrick Kennedy (who was reelected in 2008 with 69% of the vote). Kennedy’s
retirement this year has opened the seat to a race between Democrat David Cicilline, mayor of
Providence, and Republican state representative John Loughlin. While the district swung
strongly for Obama, with 65% of voters supporting him in the presidential election, 2010’s race
looks much tighter. Latinos comprise 7.48% of the electorate.

Republican candidate John Loughlin promotes his endorsement by ALIPAC, which has been tied
to extremist groups by the Southern Poverty Law Center. According to the ALIPAC statement on
Loughlin’s website, ALIPAC supports candidates “due to their opposition to any amnesty plan
that would eventually make illegal immigrants voters… Each candidate has indicated they
support Arizona's new law SB 1070, deportations for illegal aliens apprehended by law
enforcement, fines for employers that hire illegal aliens, and Comprehensive Immigration
Enforcement measures.”cccxxx

In July, Loughlin visited Arizona to meet with Pinal County Sheriff Paul Babeu for what he called
an “intelligence-gathering mission.” Loughlin reports that Babeu told him that “between 2,500
and 3,000 individuals enter Pinal County on these dry washes every night.”cccxxxi Pinal County is
not a border county. In a YouTube video Loughlin made about the trip, he says he visited to get
“a feeling for what Arizona’s up against, and why they passed SB 70 *sic+.” He calls to “seal the
border,” arguing that it is not necessary to fence the entire border because “some sections are
literally impassable” and the money saved by not fencing those areas can be used to build a
double fence with sensors.cccxxxii

Democratic candidate David Cicilline “believes that we must enact comprehensive immigration
reform in this country. This reform must begin with securing our border and ensuring that those
who are here without proper documentation be required to ‘go to the end of the line,’ pay a
penalty, pay their taxes, and pass criminal background checks before receiving

Loughlin has run an ad accusing Cicilline of turning Providence into a “sanctuary for illegals”
through “sanctuary city” policies, and promising he will “say no to illegal immigration.” cccxxxiv
The ad depicts “illegal aliens” crawling through a barbed-wire fence.cccxxxv


Latino Voter   Latino Voter     Latino Voter     Latino Voter     Growth in         Growth in
Percentage     Turnout 2000     Turnout 2004     Turnout 2008     Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
of Overall     (in thousands)                                     2000-2008         2004-2008

21.7%          1300             1533             1697             30.54%            10.70%

Comprising 21.7% of the state’s voters, Texas’ growing Latino population is poised to enhance
competition in the state’s congressional and statewide elections this year. While John McCain
won the state with 55% to Barack Obama’s 44%, the majority of Latino voters went for Obama,
63% to 35%. In 2004, the Latino vote was evenly split between former President George W.
Bush and Senator John Kerry, 50% to 49%. Given that Bush won the state with 61% of the
entire vote to Kerry’s 38%, the Latino vote was a key factor in reducing the margin between
Republican and Democrat in the 2008, and the growing group of Latino voters is poised to make
even more of a difference in the coming years.



U.S. Senator Kay Bailey-Hutchison’s (R) announcement that she would run for governor against
incumbent Governor and fellow Republican Rick Perry brought national attention to the
governor’s race. In March of 2010, however, Rick Perry defeated Hutchison and Tea Party
activist Debra Medina for the nomination. On the Democratic ticket, former Houston mayor Bill
White won the nomination after forgoing a possible run for the U.S. Senate. The state’s large
Latino voting population is poised to be decisive in an election in which a candidate needs only
a plurality of votes to win.

Governor Perry’s campaign website presents a record of increases in state-funded border
operations. “We cannot have homeland security without border security. Under Gov. Perry,
Texas has been a leader on border security while the federal government has faltered. Under
his leadership, Texas has put more boots on the ground, more technology to use, and more
targeted operations to dramatically reduce all crime along the border.” cccxxxvi Perry has also run
a television ad saying that “securing our borders is Washington’s responsibility, but it is Texas’s
problem…until Washington gets serious, Texas will fight to make our borders safe.” cccxxxvii

After Arizona’s state legislature passed SB 1070, Perry released a statement saying, “I fully
recognize and support a state's right and obligation to protect its citizens, but I have concerns
with portions of the law passed in Arizona and believe it would not be the right direction for

Perry has accused Democratic opponent Bill White of having instituted “sanctuary city” policies
in Houston when he was mayor, and released a video in which Houston police officers endorse
Perry over White for this reason.cccxxxix A column for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram pointed out
that “Texas has never had a formal sanctuary city,” and claimed that Perry’s concern about the
issue was timely: “He always talks about immigration before elections. Just not afterward.” cccxl

The Associated Press reported in 2006, “Mayor Bill White and police department officials deny
Houston is a sanctuary city, saying officers will arrest anybody, including illegal immigrants, as
needed. But White added that officers would be diverted from priority calls if they had to
check the citizenship status of every person they dealt with. ‘People are frustrated about the
lack of a federal policy on immigration,’ he said. ‘But citizens should not allow their frustration
on this issue to handcuff our law enforcement so they cannot respond to the complaints of

White’s campaign website also points out that while he was mayor of Houston, “crime rates in
Houston dropped to the lowest levels in decades;” that Houston was an early participant in the
Secure Communities immigration enforcement program under his leadership; and that
“because of Bill White's strong, proven track record with law enforcement, he has earned the
support of sheriffs responsible for protecting 98% of Texans living in counties along the

border.” White has a detailed plan for border security on his website, involving significant
cooperation with local and state law enforcement on cost-efficient enforcement programs and
Secure Communities.cccxlii

U.S. House: Texas’ 17th Congressional District

Democratic Congressman Chet Edwards represents this central Texas district—one of the most
heavily Republican districts in the country currently represented by a Democrat. John McCain
won this district by 68% in 2008. Hispanics account for 9.24% of the district’s registered voters.
Edwards is running for reelection against businessman Bill Flores.

Congressman Edwards has a more conservative record on immigration than many of his
Democratic colleagues, having voted for legislation such as H.R. 4437, also known as the
Sensenbrenner bill, in the 109th Congress. The main issue page for “Border Security and
Immigration” on his website says that “Those who want to work and live in the United States
should come here legally and should respect our laws.”cccxliii

Another page, however, states that he “strongly opposes amnesty for those here illegally, but
he agrees with President Bush, the U.S. Chamber, the Farm Bureau and bipartisan groups, that
it is impractical and would harm our economy to try to identify and deport over 12 million
illegal immigrants, many of whom have been working in the United States for many years. Chet
believes illegal immigrants who commit crimes should be incarcerated or deported
immediately. For those who have followed our laws after immigrating, he would like to see a
bipartisan, comprehensive immigration reform bill, with priorities on strengthening border
security, enforcing employment laws and allowing those who respect the law, learn English,
work to support their families, pay taxes and take responsibility for having immigrated illegally,
to get in line for permanent residency behind all those who entered our country legally.”cccxliv

Flores’ website states, “On the issue of illegal immigration, I will never support any program
which grants unilateral amnesty to those who have broken our laws. Solving our illegal
immigration issue and the billions of dollars of costs associated with it starts by fully enforcing
our laws. For those who wish to come to our country, they must do so by obeying our laws and
complying with our system. I fully recognize we need to improve the path to citizenship, just as
we need to value the hard work of folks who become American citizens legally. Right now,
however, it is important we focus on securing our borders, enforcing our laws, and targeting
criminal illegal aliens who threaten our neighborhoods and safety.”cccxlv

U.S. House: Texas’ 23rd Congressional District

Texas’ 23rd Congressional District, a predominantly rural district running along the border with
Mexico between El Paso and San Antonio, went narrowly for Barack Obama with 51% of the
vote to John McCain’s 48%. Latinos in this district represent 46.52% of registered voters. In

2008, Democrat Ciro Rodriguez won reelection with 55.76% of the vote. San Antonio
businessman Francisco “Quico” Canseco defeated former CIA officer William Hurd in a runoff
election for the Republican nomination.

Rodriguez supported the Senate’s efforts to pass comprehensive immigration reform in 2007,
and was a cosponsor of a comprehensive immigration reform bill in the 110th and 111th
Congresses. Yet he also cosponsored the restrictionist Secure America through Verification and
Enforcement (SAVE) Act, angering many Hispanic and immigrant advocacy groups. He was the
only Hispanic Member of Congress of either party to cosponsor this bill.

Rodriguez’ Republican opponent stresses his support for immigration enforcement. Quico
Canseco states on his website: “Beyond the threat of terrorism, our security is also threatened
(by) illegal immigrant gangs, drug cartels, and human smugglers. We must make it a top priority
to provide the funding, equipment, and personnel necessary to identify, apprehend, and
incarcerate or deport these criminals. It will send a message that we are serious and we are
coming after them. For those who wish to come to our country to seek a better life and make
America their home, they must do so by obeying our laws and complying with our rules.
Amnesty is simply NOT AN OPTION.”cccxlvi He also defended Arizona anti-immigration law SB
1070, saying, “We haven’t secured the border. Arizona acted because of a failure on the part of
the federal government.”cccxlvii


Latino Voter   Latino Voter     Latino Voter    Latino Voter    Growth in         Growth in
Percentage     Turnout 2000     Turnout 2004    Turnout 2008    Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
of Overall     (in thousands)                                   2000-2008         2004-2008

3.2%           90               70              74              -17.78%           5.71%

Barack Obama’s victory in Virginia in 2008, winning 53% of the vote to McCain’s 47%, was
historic because the state had not voted for a Democrat since 1964. Virginians also elected a
Democrat, Mark Warner, to the state’s open Senate seat, and a majority-Democratic state
delegation to the House of Representatives. The state’s growing Latino and immigrant
populations had a significant impact in turning this once reliably red state blue.

In 2008, Virginia was the home of an extremely close House race in the 5th District, where anti-
immigrant stalwart Virgil Goode (R) was narrowly defeated by moderate Democrat Tom
Perriello. cccxlviii


U.S. House: Virginia’s 11th Congressional District

This district in Northern Virginia includes parts of the Washington D.C. suburbs of Fairfax and
Prince William County. Latinos represent 6.16% of this district’s registered voters. Barack
Obama won this district with 57% of the vote and John McCain received 42%. After many years
of representation by former Republican Congressman Tom Davis, who retired after the 2008
election, Democrat Gerry Connolly was elected with 54.69% of the vote.

Businessman Keith Fimian, Connolly’s 2008 opponent, will challenge him again in 2010 after
defeating GOP Fairfax County Supervisor Pat Herrity in the primary.

Connolly’s congressional and campaign websites do not feature his positions on immigration
reform. In the past, Connolly was recognized as a moderate on the issue. During an editorial
board interview by Inside NoVA in January 2010, Connolly stated, “comprehensive immigration
reform is needed because there are even problems with situations as small as getting a foreign
citizen into the country for a special event such as a wedding. So it’s a system that’s broken
from top to bottom.”cccxlix

However, when Virginia Attorney General Ken Cuccinelli declared in August 2010 that Virginia
state law already allowed state and local law enforcement officers to check immigration
status—much like a provision of Arizona’s SB 1070 immigration law that was enjoined in
federal court—Connolly joined other members of Virginia’s congressional delegation in asking
Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano to allow Cuccinelli’s policy to go forward. cccl

Keith Fimian’s campaign website states: “I am 100 percent opposed to illegal immigration. We
need to secure our borders for security and economic reasons. We need to build a wall, both
physical and virtual. People who want to come here must follow the rules. I oppose amnesty for
those who have broken the law and entered our country illegally. When someone is arrested
for the committing a crime, the police should check their immigration status and turn them
over to Federal authorities. We must be tough on those who break our laws. But we must
remember that we are a nation of immigrants and people who come here legally to work and
contribute to our nation should be welcomed, particularly highly educated, highly skilled
individuals who can make valuable contributions to our economy. We need to encourage the
young, highly educated people that come here to study to stay here and contribute to our



Latino        Latino Voter     Latino Voter    Latino Voter     Growth in         Growth in
Registered    Turnout 2000     Turnout 2004    Turnout 2008     Latino Turnout,   Latino Turnout,
Voter         (in thousands)                                    2000-2008         2004-2008
of Overall

5.12%         59               44              148              150.85%           236.4%

In 2008, Barack Obama won 58% of the vote in Washington to John McCain’s 41%. Latinos
made up 5.12% of registered voters in the state. Between 2000 and 2008, Latino voter turnout
in the state grew by 150.85%. With their growing numbers, Latino voters will play a significant
role in deciding Washington’s heated Senate race between Democrat Patty Murray—who has
supported comprehensive immigration reform and cosponsored the DREAM Act in the 111 th
Congress—and Republican Dino Rossi.

U.S. House: Washington’s 2nd Congressional District

This district in northwestern Washington reelected Democratic Representative Rick Larsen with
62% of the vote in 2008 (when they elected Barack Obama by a 56%-42% margin over John
McCain), but Larsen’s reelection in 2010 against Republican Snohomish County councilor John
Koster appears less certain. Latinos represent 5.79% of the state’s registered voters.

Republican candidate John Koster is endorsed by ALIPAC. The Daily Herald writes that “Koster
signed the group's pledge that says if he's elected he will: ‘Use the full power of my office,
including impeachment if necessary, to insure the Executive Branch secures America's border
immediately and begins to adequately enforce the existing immigration and border laws of the
United States.’”ccclii During a candidate forum, however, Koster called for a “functional
enforceable system for guest workers to meet the needs of agriculture.” cccliii

Incumbent Democratic candidate Rick Larsen’s congressional website states: “I believe
immigration reform starts with border security. As the representative of a district with nearly
60 miles of border, I understand how critical it is to have effective border protection. Strong
border security requires well-trained professional border personnel and assets…If someone is
here illegally, they must go to the back of the line in order to become eligible to earn legal
status. They must pay penalties and taxes, learn English, and admit responsibility for breaking
the law. They must also pass criminal background checks, and if they are found to have a
criminal record they should be deported.” Larsen has also called for a guest-worker
program. cccliv


   Jan Brewer:
    New York Times:
    Huffington Post:
    Phoenix Business Journal:
     Terry Goddard for Governor:
    Phoenix New Times:
   Phoenix New Times,
    Terry Goddard for Governor:
     Rocky Mountain/BRC:
     Ann Kirkpatrick for Arizona:
     Congresswoman Ann Kirkpatrick:
     Gosar for Congress:
      Hulburd for Congress:
       Quayle for Congress:
     YouTube (QuayleforCongress):
     Harry Mitchell for Congress:
     “Transcript of Harry Mitchell’s State of the District Address,” Arizona Republic, 1/29/10,
      Immigration ’08:
       Harry Mitchell for Congress:
       David Schweikert for Congress:
      America’s Voice, “Republicans: Fenced in by Immigration,” December 2008:
       Grijalva for Congress:
       The Hill:
       Ruth McClung for Congress:
      Ruth McClung for Congress:
       Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords:
       Immigration ’08:
        “Giffords: Suit shows law made US wake up.” Arizona Daily Star, July 9, 2010:
        Arizona Republic:
       Arizona Republic:
        Jesse Kelly for U.S. Congress:
        “The Great Immigration Shootout,” America’s Majority:
    America’s Voice, “National Survey of Hispanic Voters on Immigration Policy.”
     California Secretary of State:
     Sacramento Bee:


     Sign On San Diego:
     San Gabriel Valley Tribune:
     Meg Whitman for Governor:
      Adam Nagourney, “Immigration Debate Defines GOP Race in California,” New York Times, June 5, 2010.
   “California GOP does not support Arizona immigration law,” CalCoast News, 8/23/10:
    Jonathan Martin, “Calif. Nurses Target Whitman,” Politico, June 1, 2010:
     Harold Meyerson, “Calif. GOP primary winners look headed for defeat,” Washington Post, June 10, 2010:
     Orange County Register, interview with Meg Whitman, May 7, 2010.
     Wonk Room:
     San Francisco Chronicle:
      Sacramento Bee:
      Latino Decisions:
     California Secretary of State:
    Barbara Boxer for United States Senate:
      David Catanese and Josh Kraushaar, “Fiorina: 'Racist tone' to border debate,” Politico, May 1, 2010:
      Los Angeles Times, 5/6/10:
      Harold Meyerson, “Calif. GOP primary winners look headed for defeat,” Washington Post, Thursday, June 10, 2010.
      San Francisco Chronicle:
      Ruben Navarette, “Whitman, Fiorina Pander on Immigration,”, June 10, 2010:
       Los Angeles Times:,0,7635587.story
       San Jose Mercury News:
      Los Angeles Times:
      Los Angeles Times:
       Associated Press:
       Wonk Room:
       Los Angeles Times:
       Los Angeles Times:,0,5308121.story
       Daniel Lungren:
        Sacramento Bee:
        “Immigration Reform: National and Swing District Polling,” America’s Voice, Center for American Progress Action Fund,
June 2009:
       Sacramento Bee:
       Sacramento Press: t
        Cook Political Report:

        Jerry McNerney for Congress:
        David Harmer for Congress:
       Tracy Press:
        The Bakersfield Californian:
         Andy Vidak for Congress:
         Congresswoman Mary Bono Mack:
        Press Enterprise:
     Steve Pougnet for Congress:
     Steve Pougnet for Congress:
      The Desert Sun:
      Orange County Register:
      Orange County Register:
      Press release archived at
   John Hickenlooper for Governor of Colorado:
    “City policy protecting immigrants under fire;” The Houston Chronicle, 7/23/2005.
     Denver Post:
     John Hickenlooper for Governor of Colorado:
     Dan Maes for Colorado Governor in 2010:
     Michael F. Bennet:
     Michael Bennet for U.S. Senate:
      Buck for Colorado:
     Colorado Springs Gazette:
      Scott Tipton:
      Grand Junction Sentinel:
      The Coloradoan:
      Markey for Congress:
      Huffington Post:
       Jo Ann Busing, “Gardner Hits Campaign Trail,” Akron News Reporter, November 12, 2009:
      The Coloradoan:
      Huffington Post:
      Cook Political Report:
       Perlmutter for Colorado:
       Ryan Frazier for Colorado:
       Denver Post:
       Linda McMahon for Senate:
        New York Post:
         Connecticut Post:
       Westport Patch:
       News Times:

        Danbury News Times:
         New Haven Advocate:
         Litchfield County Register-Citizen:
        Sam Caligiuri:
         Danbury News Times:
         Litchfield County Times:
          Sam Caligiuri:
         NALEO Educational Fund, “2010 Primary Election Profiles – Florida,” August 19, 2010:
      Miami Herald:
      USA Today:
       Rick Scott for Governor:
       Rick Scott for Governor:
       Miami Herald:
       Sunshine State News:
       Orlando Sentinel:,0,2820422.story
        Miami New Times:
       Miami Herald:
    Miami New Times:
     Miami Herald:
      Westside Gazette:
      Alex Sink for Governor of Florida:
      Palm Beach Post:
      Westside Gazette:
      Alex Sink for Governor of Florida:
       The Reid Report:
       Miami Herald:
      Miami Herald:
      Associated Press:
       Marco Rubio 2010:
       Huffington Post:
        New York Times:
       Fox News:
       South Florida Times:
        “3 Democrats like their chances of taking seat from Republicans;” Orlando Sentinel, 8/24/2006.
        Politics Daily:
        Daniel Webster for Congress:


        Whitman and Hanson Express:
         Peg Dunmire for Congress:
         The News Chief:
        Elect Dennis Ross:
       Florida Independent:
        Polk County Voter Guide:
         NBC Miami:
         Sun Sentinel:
         Allen West for Congress:
        NBC Miami:


         Daytona Beach News-Journal:
      David Rivera for Congress:
       Miami Herald:
       Miami Herald:
       Naples News:
       Miami Herald:
       Joe Garcia 2010:
        Sunshine State News:
         Miami Herald:
       America’s Voice:
    America’s Voice:
     Idaho Reporter:
      Washington Post:
      Associated Press via the Idaho Statesman:
      Raul Labrador:
       Raul Labrador:
       Raul Labrador:
      Raul Labrador:
      Raul Labrador:
      Raul Labrador:
       America’s Voice:
       Associated Press via
       Associated Press via the Idaho Statesman:


        Idaho Reporter:
         Richard Cowan, Reuters. “Lawmaker urges condoms for border control”:
         Alexi Giannoulias | Democrat for U.S. Senate:
        Huffington Post:
       Huffington Post:
        Dan Seals for United States Congress:
         Dan Seals for United States Congress:
         Chicago Sun-Times:,10CDDold.article.
         Debbie Halvorson for Congress 2010:
         Kankakee Daily Journal:
         Immigration ’08:
          Adam Kinzinger for U.S. Congress:
          Chicago Sun-Times:,11CDKinzinger.article
         Daily Herald:
         Chicago Sun-Times election 2010 questionnaire:
          Daily Herald:
          South Bend Tribune:
          Joe Donnelly for U.S. Congress:
          South Bend Tribune:
          South Bend Tribune:
           South Bend Tribune, January 24, 2009.
           South Bend Tribune:
          KMBC Kansas City:
      Yoder for Congress:
       Public Policy Polling:
        Patrick Coolican, “Climate could be right for GOP’s Sandoval to capture Hispanic vote,” Las Vegas Sun, February 7, 2010.
         Brian Sandoval for Governor:
         Brian Sandoval for Governor:
        Las Vegas Sun:
         Las Vegas Review Journal:
         Via the Las Vegas Sun:
     Los Angeles Times:
      Reno Gazette-Journal:
       This is Reno:
       Rory 2010:
       Washington Post:
       Sharron Angle campaign ad:
       Senator Harry Reid:
        Las Vegas Review-Journal, 5/3/10:
        Congressional Record:
       Washington Post:


        Los Angeles Times:
        America’s Voice:
       Las Vegas Review-Journal:
        Think Progress:
         Las Vegas Sun:
          Las Vegas Sun:
        Las Vegas Sun:
       Washington Post:
        Las Vegas Sun:
         Wall Street Journal:
          Immigration ’08:
         Las Vegas Review-Journal:
         CBS News:
         Heck for Nevada:
           Latino Decisions:
         Susana Martinez for Governor:
           Santa Fe New Mexican: News/Tough-talking-prosecutor--GOP-upstart-works-
          Diane Denish:
            New Mexico Independent:
            Albuquerque Journal:
           Susana Martinez for Governor:
      Albuquerque Journal:
       Latino Decisions:
        New Mexico Independent:
         Jon Barela:
         Liz Mair:
           Harry Teague for Congress:
         Harry Teague for Congress:
     The Economist:
      New Mexico Independent:
      Pearce for Congress:

       The Economist:
      Long Island Press:
        Long Island Press:
        Randy Altschuler for Congress:
       Staten Island Advance:
        Grimm for Congress:
        Mid-Hudson News:
        Nan Hayworth for Congress:
        Mid-Hudson News:
         Renee Ellmers for Congress:
         Yahoo News:
        Stanly News & Press via
        Vote Harold Johnson:
         Laurinburg Exchange:
         Woodburn Independent via
         Statesman Journal:
         KGW Local News:
          “Judge Voids Ordinance on Illegal Immigrants,” The New York Times, 7/27/2007.
          The Morning Call:
        John Loughlin:
          Providence Journal:
           David Cicilline:
           CMAG Tracking, captured 10/19/10.
          Providence Journal:
           Texans for Rick Perry:
           CMAG Tracking, captured 9/28/10.
            CBS News:
           Texans for Rick Perry:
       Fort Worth Star Telegram:
        “Critics say policy makes Houston haven for immigrants;” Associated Press, 7/31/2006.
         Bill White for Texas:
         Chet Edwards for Congress:
         Chet Edwards for Congress:
         Bill Flores for Congress:
         Canseco for Congress:

         USA Today:
          America’s Voice, “Republicans: Fenced in by Immigration,” December 2, 2008:
         “Connolly: ‘Doing nothing’ on health care is not an option,” Inside NoVA, 1/29/10.
      Washington Post:
       Keith Fimian for Congress:
        The Daily Herald:
        Sound Politics:
        Sound Politics: