TRAINeD TO susTAIN by nyut545e2


									                                                                                                                                                  magazine ›

                                                                                                                                                    Issue 7, 2009
Photo: Petty Officer Damian Pawlenko

                                       TRAINeD TO susTAIN
                                       AbOve: Navy’s seahawk helicopters, home-based at 816 squadron at HMAs Albatross, have celebrated 20 years of service to the
                                       Royal Australian Navy after completing more than 60,000 hours of operations, as well as having been involved in every major Navy
                                       operation during the past 20 years. Learn more about how this milestone has been achieved through Navy's newly-implemented
                                       training regime on pages 32-33, along with many more Defence-wide articles on this theme inside.
        editor: Michael Weaver
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        Deputy editor: Jack Foster
        Phone: 02 6265 1949
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        Public Affairs Branch
        Defence Magazine is produced by the
        Directorate of Internal Communication,
        Public Affairs Branch.
        ISSN 1446-229X

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        Grey. GREY 18420
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Contents                                                                                      defence magazine ›

editorial                                                     Inside this edition
      The Defence department’s new Secretary,
Dr Ian Watt, has now had the opportunity to                   columns
put his feet under the desk and to seek input                 Secretary                                                                    10
from the senior leadership group on the precise               Chief of the Defence Force                                                   11
roles that each has to play. His inaugural column
on p10 is a valuable insight into his roles and               News
                                                              Snapshot                                                                      4
      In relation to our theme of training and
development, it is interesting to note the
                                                              The month in pictures                                                        12
Secretary’s comments on leadership training in                HMAS Sydney II suspicions laid to rest                                       14
shaping those who are promoted into positions                 Forces combine to entertain in East Timor                                    16
of responsibility. “The simple fact is that you               Meet ADFA’s first One-Star military officer                                  17
can’t expect people to be good leaders and
managers if you don’t give them a helping hand
with development and training opportunities,”
Dr Watt said.
                                                              Army: Found in translation - language refresher courses                      18
      Likewise, the stories presented in this
edition speak for themselves in terms of the
                                                              ADFA: Academy opens its doors to precision and prospects                     20
initiatives that Defence utilises to train and                Spotlight on Reform: Non-equipment procurement                               22
develop its workforce.                                        Air Force: Improvements lead to lean machine                                 23
      There is an insight into language refresher             DMO Institute: Master class cultivates project managers                      24
courses to assist personnel in operational locations          Defence Support: ADFHEAS + GDP                                               26
overseas; the Graduate Development Program’s                  Army: Open display of Indigenous development                                 28
annual study tour; the Australian Defence Force
                                                              Australian Command and Staff College: strategic leaders of the future        30
Academy’s Open Day. Navy, Army and Air Force
                                                              Navy: Chief of Navy embodies cultural change                                 31
are also well-tuned to importance of training and
development and we have been able to highlight
                                                              Navy: Training for a new generation                                          32
their efforts.                                                Air Force: New skills log + Aviation Medicine                                34
                                                              People Strategies and Policy: Career conversations                           36
     - Michael Weaver, Editor                                 DSTO: workshops on challenging conversations                                 37
                                                              International Policy: Military Leadership Forum                              38
                                                              The Last Word: Director Ministerial and Executive Support, Claire Reynolds   39
Issue 6/2009, page 16: Tiger team to tackle
asbestos inventory
The first paragraph of the published article stated there
were more than 60,000 unique items on the asbestos
inventory. This figure should have been 600,000. In
addition the final paragraph was also incorrect. It should   PHOTO Of
have stated: “This is not an audit. We’re not walking in     THe MONTH:
with a clip board to assess a unit’s hazard compliance.
The AITT project is a free service that will identify and    Army Aboriginal Community
physically collect ACM within your commands”. There          Assistance Program (AACAP)
is NO intent to wield clipboards or blunt instruments,       medics Corporal Deane
as stated in the published article. The importance of the    Morgan and Corporal Daniel
work that Defence Materiel Organisation and Defence          Kelty-Gunning have fun with
are doing in collecting and disposing of asbestos-           the kids at Western Cape
containing material cannot be underestimated.
                                                             College's Mapoon Campus
                                                             in Queensland. Members
                                                             of AACAP gave each of
Issue 6/2009, pages 40-41: Marking a mark –
                                                             the children in the school
Defence branding and the departmental logo
                                                             their own Army bush-hats
The graphic logos on P41 of the stylised Coat of Arms
                                                             to promote being sun-smart
and the conventional version 3A solid were transposed        during a 'fun Friday' at the
during the production process.                               school each week, promoting
                                                             healthy bodies, exercise, good
Defence Magazine apologises for any inconvenience            food, healthy cooking, sun
caused and the corrected versions of both articles can       safety and personal hygiene.
be found on the magazine’s website, at: http://www.          Photo: LSPH Paul Berry

                                                                                          beLOW: The last Australian servicemen missing from the vietnam war were
                                                                                          welcomed home 31 August at RAAf base Richmond. Photo: CPL Colin Dadd.
                                                                                          RIgHT: The sail Training ship Young endeavour holds a reception whilst
                                                                                          alongside HMAs coonawarra in Darwin. Photo: LSPH Helen Frank.

        Last Vietnam
        return home
        The remains of Flying Officer
        Michael Herbert and Pilot
        Officer Robert Carver have
        been welcomed home during
        a reception ceremony attended
        by their family and former
        comrades from 2 Squadron,
        39 years after they went missing
        on operations in Vietnam.

             Minister for Defence Personnel,
        Materiel and Science Greg Combet said
        Flying Officer Herbert and Pilot Officer Carver
                                                           High Court                                            “The AMC was found to be exercising
                                                                                                             the judicial power of the Commonwealth but
        were both enthusiastic airmen who were             decision on                                       did not meet the requirements of Chapter III

        respected by their superiors.                                                                        of the Constitution,” Senator Faulkner said.
             “They paid the ultimate sacrifice in                                                                “As an interim measure, the Government
        serving their country. Australia can finally lay
        these brave airmen to rest and honour their
                                                           Military Court                                    is reintroducing the former system of trials by
                                                                                                             court martial and Defence Force magistrates.
        memory,” Mr Combet said.
                                                           Legislation to put in place an interim            This system has a number of safeguards
             “I hope this ceremony provides some
        comfort to the families of Flying Officer
                                                           military justice system has been                  within it to ensure that ADF members are
        Herbert and Pilot Officer Carver and I thank       introduced after the Australian Military          treated fairly.”
        them for their fortitude and strength since        Court (AMC) was invalidated by the High               The interim legislation will also
        the loss of their loved ones.”                     Court last month.                                 give effect to punishments (other than
             Flying Officer Michael Herbert and                                                              imprisonment) and orders that were imposed
        Pilot Officer Robert Carver disappeared on             In Lane v Morrison on 26 August 2009,
                                                                                                             by the former AMC.
        3 November 1970 approximately 65kms                the High Court ruled on a challenge to the
                                                                                                                 “Beyond the interim measures introduced
        south-west of Da Nang in Quang Nam                 constitutional validity of the AMC and the
                                                                                                             by this legislation, the Government remains
        Province following a night-bombing mission.        Director of Military Prosecutions.
             “The return of Flying Officer Herbert and                                                       committed to resolving the future of the
                                                               The Minister for Defence, Senator the
        Pilot Officer Carver completes the recovery        Hon. John Faulkner, said the High Court           military justice system with certainty,”
        of all Australian Service personnel who were       declared that the provisions of the Defence       Senator Faulkner said.
        lost on operations and not recovered during        Force Discipline Act 1982 creating the AMC            Further information appears in the Chief of
        the Vietnam War,” Mr Combet said.                  were invalid.                                     Defence Force's column on page 11.
                                                    defence magazine ›

                                                                                                              Next generation training
                                                                                                              for ADf pilots
                                                                                                                  A new Pilot Training System that will enhance
                                                                                                              the Australian Defence Force’s ability to train
                                                                                                              highly qualified and skilled pilots to operate its next
                                                                                                              generation of airborne capabilities has been given
                                                                                                              first pass approval.
                                                                                                                  The new system will provide student pilots with
                                                                                                              the necessary training and qualifications, including
                                                                                                              theory and flight experience, to enable them to
                                                                                                              become pilots in the Navy, Army and Air Force.
                                                                                                                  The Minister for Defence, Senator the Hon.
                                                                                                              John Faulkner, said that throughout the coming
                                                                                                              decade the ADF plans to replace almost all of its
                                                                                                              airborne assets with the latest generation aircraft,
                                                                                                              requiring a greater number of pilots with more
                                                                                                              advanced skill-sets.
                                                                                                                  “That replacement program will include fixed-
                                                                                                              wing new air combat aircraft to be flown by Air
                                                                                                              Force pilots and new naval aviation and troop-lift
                                                                                                              helicopters to be flown by Navy and Army pilots,”
                                                                                                              Senator Faulkner said.
Young endeavour                                             These voyages provide the youth crew with

visits Darwin                                          a unique, challenging and inspirational experience
                                                       that increases self awareness, develops teamwork       going solo regional launch
Sail training ship Young Endeavour                     and leadership skills and creates a strong sense of        The Defence Community Organisation (DCO) has
                                                       community responsibility.
recently arrived in Darwin as part her                                                                        developed a DVD to support ADF families manage
six-month circumnavigation of Australia,                                                                      the challenges that may be experienced during a
                                                                                                              member's absence from home.
marking the ship’s first visit to the
Northern Territory in eight years.                     enhanced virtual                                           The DVD, Going Solo Dealing with Absence

    Commanding Officer Young Endeavour,
                                                       world for test-                                        in Defence Families, was prepared to assist ADF
                                                                                                              members and their families.
Lieutenant Commander (LCDR) Gavin Dawe,
said the ship is now celebrating 21 years of life
                                                       driving aircraft                                           It outlines different strategies and ideas that
                                                                                                              have been shared by ADF families to assist during
changing voyages for young Australians.                The ADF’s flight simulation research facility          periods of service related absences.
    “During the six-month circumnavigation
                                                       has been given a $1.7 million upgrade                      Each family is unique and develops their
we will embark more than 700 young men and
                                                       with the launch of the new Air Operations              own strategies that work for them. The strategies
women to participate in our unique development
program—including many from North and West             Simulation Centre in Melbourne.                        outlined in the DVD are aimed at providing families

Australia who will sail Young Endeavour while the                                                             with some ideas that will enhance some of the
                                                            Minister for Defence Personnel, Materiel          things they may already be doing as a family.
ship is in their coastal waters,” LCDR Dawe said.
                                                       and Science, The Hon. Greg Combet, said the
    Since setting sail in May, Young Endeavour
                                                       new simulation centre was capable of accurately
has visited Brisbane, Bundaberg, Mackay, Airlie
Beach, Townsville, Cairns and Darwin. The ship will
                                                       simulating the full scope of flight operations and     ADf separation rate at
visit Exmouth, Fremantle, Esperance, Adelaide and      combat scenarios for a variety of military aircraft.
                                                                                                              10-year low
Williamstown before returning to Sydney in December.        “The facility is designed to introduce a far
    The Young Endeavour Youth Scheme, in               more realistic and immersive experience for pilots         The ADF is experiencing its lowest separation
partnership with the Royal Australian Navy, has        and operators, and allows Defence to test-drive        rate in the past decade, with the 12-month average
provided challenging training voyages for more         aircraft and tactics without leaving the ground,”      separation rate falling to 9.4 per cent in July 2009.
than 11,000 young Australians.                         Mr Combet said.                                            Minister for Defence Personnel, Materiel and

                                                                                                                                             continued page 7 >

             RIgHT: Oruzgan governor Assadullah
             Hamdan and the Director of education,
             Malem Rahmattulah Khan, cut the ribbon
             at the opening of the school in Tarin Kowt.
             Photo: LCPL Joshua New
             beLOW RIgHT: This image shows the Mv
             PRINcess AsHIKA on the seabed. The
             large balls in the picture are very large
             rock spheres. Depth is 110 metres.
        continued from page 5 >

             “By recreating real-life situations in a virtual
        environment, this facility allows air combat operations
        to be rehearsed and evaluated at a significantly reduced
        cost and without putting ADF personnel in harm’s way.”
             In addition to supporting in-service aircraft,
        the upgraded centre will also be used to support                                                                  chalk one up
                                                                                                                          for education in
        the acquisition of the Multi-Role Helicopter and to
        perform analysis for the new Super Hornets.
             The upgraded facility will enable the Defence
        Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) to
                                                                                                                          tarin Kowt
        communicate live over secure networks with other
                                                                                                                          The Governor of Oruzgan province,
        defence facilities around the world, facilitating joint
                                                                                                                          Assadullah Hamdam, has thanked
        and coalition exercises on a larger scale.
             The launch of the enhanced facility coincides                                                                Australian Army engineers for their
        with the 70th anniversary of DSTO’s Fishermans                                                                    efforts in refurbishing the Tarin Kowt
        Bend laboratory, where the black box flight recorder                                                              Boy’s School.
        was invented in the 1950s.
                                                                                                                               Governor Hamdam said that education was
                                                                                                                          important for the future of his country and its people.

        navy finds missing                                              The vessel is sitting in 110m of water, and has
                                                                   a bow section, bridge, passenger accommodation
                                                                                                                               “It’s important that people get an education,
                                                                                                                          so by education we know the difference between

        vessel in tonga                                            and cargo bays matching those of the MV Princess
                                                                   Ashika. At a depth of 110m, the vessel was beyond
                                                                                                                          good and bad,” Governor Hamdam said.
                                                                                                                               The original school has been refurbished
        A combined dive team New Zealand and                       the capability of the Clearance Dive Team.             as well as the construction of a new building
                                                                        Executive Officer of the Australian Clearance     containing 21 additional classrooms. The
        Australia operating from the Tongan patrol
                                                                   Dive Team One, Lieutenant (LEUT) Ben Fennell, said     development also includes complete site services,
        boat VOEA Pangai recently completed                        that his team wishes they could have done more.        new ablutions, a generator, and a new septic
        Operation Ashika Assist—the ADF’s                               “I am very pleased that we could assist the       system and water tower.
        contribution to the recovery of any human                  Tongan people in their time of need and I only wish         Oruzgan Director of Education, Malem
        remains on board the MV Princess Ashika,                   that we could have done more to help with the          Rahmattulah Khan, stressed the importance of
        which sank on 5 August 2009.                               recovery of their loved ones,” LEUT Fennell said.      such facilities.
                                                                         The Royal New Zealand Navy will now                   “Education is like the eyes of the human, if
             Sonar Imagery from the Royal New Zealand              attempt to obtain visual identification early next     a man does not have eyes then he doesn’t know
        Navy’s Remote Environment Measuring Underwater             week with a special underwater vessel that can         where he’s going,” Mr Khan said.
        System (REMUS) detachment revealed a vessel on             capture video at depth.                                     “So by this school their eyes will be open, we
        the ocean floor with dimensions matching those                   This location coincides with the EPIRB signal    concur with this, however this is not enough, we
        of the ferry which sank in waters South West of            and the location of the Ferry Master’s final radio     want more schools like this so that our society can
        Nomuka in the Ha’apai group of islands.                    call. Debris and oil was also seen in the area.        receive a good education.”
         4sQn in                                                  Army puts lid                                              continued from page 5 >

         airfield seizure                                         on waste                                                   Science, The Hon. Greg Combet said that Navy,
                                                                                                                             Army and Air Force have experienced significant

         Personnel of the newly reformed 4 Squadron               Australian Army engineers have been                        decreases in separation rates.

         (4SQN) performed the unit’s first deliberate             busy devising simple solutions for                              “Another pleasing aspect of this result is that

                                                                  Tarin Kowt’s sanitation and waste                          more young people are getting first-class training
         parachute descent since WWII when they
                                                                  management needs.                                          from the ADF at a time when Australia needs to build
         jumped at 1000 feet into Nackeroo Airfield
                                                                                                                             its workforce skills base,” Mr Combet said. ADF
         within Bradshaw Field Training area, near                     The town has had septic tanks installed and           personnel strength is currently 56,522, representing a
         Timber Creek in the Northern Territory.                  Army engineers are half-way through constructing a         growth of 1,919 permanent members during the past
                                                                  sanitation system to manage the waste from the tanks.      year, including 1,454 Reservists on full-time service.
              Forming part of the Special Tactics Squadron
                                                                       Project Engineer Captain (CAPT) Daniel
         (STS) during Exercise Talisman Saber, the exercise
         was designed to rehearse the seizure of an austere       Waugh said the waste management facility was

         airfield, involving coordination between air traffic     a great step in the right direction to improve             base security Review
         control and the co-ordination of offensive fires,        sanitation in Tarin Kowt.
                                                                                                                                  The recent review of Defence's protective
         such as airstrikes and artillery.                             “This facility is the next block that Tarin Kowt
                                                                                                                             security arrangements has been finalised.
              Personnel trained alongside their US counterparts   needs,” CAPT Waugh said.
                                                                                                                                  Several recommendations have been made to
         to ensure interoperability between the two units as           “Previous rotations started the process by putting
         the 4 SQN capability continues to progress.                                                                         enhance security in response to the changing nature
                                                                  septic tanks in the schools and hospitals they've built.
              Commanding Officer 4 SQN, Wing Commander            Now we're building on that by giving that waste            of potential threats.
         (WGCDR) Dave Paddison said the 320th STS                 somewhere to go.                                                The Chief of the Defence Force and the Secretary
         operators had great deal of experience in this type           “Our future plans involve the construction of         have directed that a program of work commence to
         of operation,” WGCDR Paddison said.                      public toilets to centralise public waste, in line with    implement the recommendations. This will be led
              “Coordinating technically complex air support       mentoring of local government departments to               by Head Defence Support Operations and the Chief
         in a challenging environment is highly rewarding.                                                                   Security Officer.
                                                                  manage the collection and dumping of the waste.”
              “They all face a steep learning curve in order
                                                                       The facility is a simple, low-maintenance                  More information will be available in the next
         to deliver the full range of capabilities similar to
                                                                  solution to a long standing problem. Now the work          edition of Defence Magazine.
         their USAF counterparts.”
                                                                  remains to ensure that the Mayor’s Office is able
              STSs are also utilised in non-warlike
                                                                  to manage the ongoing use of the facility and the
         scenarios, such as disaster relief or non-combatant
                                                                  future development of a sanitation system in town.         Navy joins Indonesian
         evacuation operations. EOIs to become a special
         tactics operator will be called for later this year                                                                 celebrations
         for a 2010 intake. Personnel interested in applying                                                                      Hundreds of thousands of Indonesians have
         should visit the 4SQN intranet homepage.
                                                                                                                             turned out to watch a contingent of Royal Australian
                                                                                                                             Navy ships take part in celebrations to mark the 64th

                                      Terminal Attack                                                                        anniversary of Indonesian independence.
                    of No.4 sQN Joint
beLOW: Members                       nuation training                                                                             HMAS Darwin and the hydrographic survey vessel
                   unit conduct conti
controller (JTAc)                illiamtown.
in the field around RAAf base W                                                                                              HMAS Leeuwin were among 38 participating ships in the
                   rrett                                                                                                     Indonesian Fleet Review, a centrepiece of the celebrations.
Photo: LAC Craig Ba
                                                                                                                                  Chief of Navy Vice Admiral (VADM) Russ Crane,
                                                                                                                             joined his Indonesian hosts and regional counterparts
                                                                                                                             for the Fleet Review, and said it was an opportunity
                                                                                                                             for RAN sailors to meet and interact with sailors from
                                                                                                                             around the world.
                                                                                                                                  VADM Crane added that maintaining Australia’s
                                                                                                                             strong ties with Indonesia is vital and that the RAN’s
                                                                                                                             participation in this event was an example of the
                                                                                                                             strong naval cooperation between the nations.

                         RIgHT: An Australian Army
                         Aviation Aircrewman
                         Loadmaster guides Papua
                         New guinea Defence force
                         (PNgDf) and Papua New
                         guinea Police force (PNgPf)
                         on to a waiting Australian
                         Army black Hawk Helicopter,
                         at the crash site in Papua
                         New guinea.
                         Photo: CPL Chris Moore

        elections in
        The Afghanistan elections have proceeded
        with minimal disruption, despite the
        reported 16 incidents involving rocket,
        mortar and small arms fire in six areas                     ADF completes                                           separate acts
        across the Oruzgan province.
                                                                    Kokoda mission                                          of bravery
             The Minister for Defence, Senator The Hon. John
        Faulkner, said the successful conduct of the elections
                                                                    The ADF has recently completed its                      recognised
                                                                    mission to support search and recovery
        is a tribute to the resolve of the Afghan people and the                                                            Sergeant (SGT) Damion King of 1st
        efforts of the Australian Defence Force.
                                                                    operations near Kokoda in Papua New
                                                                                                                            Combat Services Support Regiment
             “Voters proved their resilience and determination
                                                                    Guinea following an Airlines PNG crash
                                                                                                                            has been recognised for his bravery
        by turning up and casting their votes,” Senator             that killed all 13 passengers including
                                                                                                                            after rescuing two personnel from a
        Faulkner said.                                              nine Australians.
                                                                                                                            submerged army ambulance, while
             “Only one polling centre had to close for less than
                                                                         The recovery effort was managed through            the rescue of five shipmates washed
        30 minutes during the day before resuming operations.”
                                                                    the PNG Rescue Coordination Centre with several         overboard at night in high seas and
             The attacks included multiple 107mm rocket and
                                                                    agencies providing support the task.                    heavy weather has also won Bravery
        82mm mortar strikes, rocket-propelled grenades and               For five days, Australian, PNG and AFP forces      Medals for three Australian submariners.
        small arms fire. Almost all the rocket attacks were         worked to retrieve all bodies and aircraft parts for
        fired at maximum distance or were poorly directed.          identification and further investigation. Australian         Privates Matthew Pullen and Aimian Magyak
             Australian forces engaged the firing point for one     officials in PNG also helped to load and unload         were driving the vehicle as part of a driving course in
        rocket attack against a patrol base to the north of Tarin   supplies for use at the crash site.                     February 2008, and had to negotiate a flooded roadway
        Kowt using three rounds of canon fire.                           Assets from all three Services were deployed to    after their convoy passed Corroboree Park, in the
             Through all these attacks there have been no           help local authorities, including an Army Black Hawk    Northern Territory.
        reports of loss of life or equipment damage.                helicopter and the Air Force’s Caribou to deliver the        When their vehicle was swept off the road
             Security forces will now resume normal duties          Airlines PNG engines to Australian Transport Safety     into the flooded creek, the vehicle immediately took
        and continue to put pressure on the Taliban insurgents.     Bureau investigation officials.                         on water and the cabin of the vehicle was entirely
                                                                                                             defence magazine ›

                                                             And for their extraordinary efforts to rescue their       “The new Officer Aviation Remuneration
                                                        shipmates in rough seas in March 2009, submariners         Structure (OARS) introduces a flexible
                                                        Chief Petty Officer Rohan Pugh, Petty Officer Greg         remuneration system that ensures this
                                                        Langshaw and Leading Seaman Steven Rowell                  specialist military workforce of more than
                                                        received Bravery Medals on behalf of the Australian        2,000 members receives comparable pay for
                                                        Bravery Decorations Council.                               comparable work against the aviation industry
                                                             Presented by the Governor-General Quentin             benchmark,” Mr Combet said.
                                                        Bryce on August 17, the three Bravery Medallists                “The ADF is currently facing the greatest
                                                        were members of the recovery party and entered the         capability acquisition program in its history and
                                                        turbulent water at great risk to themselves to ensure      this leading-edge remuneration system for officer
                                                        that their shipmates were all recovered safely.            aircrew and air traffic control officers will go
                                                                                                                   a long way to safeguard Defence’s substantial
                                                                                                                   investment in this workforce.”

                                                        new ADF                                                         Mr Combet said that the major capability

                                                        officer aviation
                                                                                                                   growth within Defence is in the acquisition of
                                                                                                                   new aircraft for the Navy, Army and Air Force.

                                                        remuneration                                               Successful introduction into service of these
                                                                                                                   systems will result in unprecedented air power
                                                        structure                                                  capability for the ADF.
                                                                                                                        “Critical to the success of these acquisition
submerged. SGT King was travelling in the vehicle       The independent Defence Force                              programs is a dedicated and experienced
behind the ambulance, and when he saw what              Remuneration Tribunal has recently approved                workforce that can not only continue to deliver
happened, he immediately jumped into the water to
                                                        a new remuneration structure for ADF officer               capability, but also manage and contribute to
render assistance.
                                                        aircrew and air traffic control officers.                  complex transition programs involving state-of-
     As a result of Sergeant King’s actions, Privates
                                                                                                                   the art technologies.
Pullen and Magyak were safely returned to the                Minister for Defence Personnel, Materiel
                                                                                                                        “Aircrew and air traffic control skills are
roadside and the vehicle was later recovered by the     and Science The Hon. Greg Combet said that
                                                                                                                   only accumulated over years of training, at
unit’s recovery element.                                the remuneration outcomes are an important
                                                                                                                   significant expense to Defence, and are highly
                                                        component of the total employment package
                                                                                                                   sought by industry.
                                                        provided for the men and women of the ADF.

                                                                                                                                      LefT: sergeant Damion King
                                                                                                                                      renders assistance after
                                                                                                                                      an Army ambulance was
                                                                                                                                      submerged in a flooded
                                                                                                                                      roadway in the Northern
                                                                                                                                      Territory. sergeant King's
                                                                                                                                      actions earned him a bravery
                                                                                                                                      award from the Australian
                                                                                                                                      bravery Decorations council.

     seCretArY’s CoLuMn

                                                              RIgHT: The new
                                                              Defence secretary,
                                                              Dr Ian Watt is
                                                              welcomed into the job,
                                                              at a meeting between
                                                              the Minister for
                                                              Defence, senator the
                                                              Hon. John faulkner and
                                                              the chief of the Defence
                                                              force, Air chief Marshal
                                                              Angus Houston.
                                                              Photo: Steve Dent

              s you read this column I will                     leadership. The importance of good leaders and             During my time as head of the Department of
               have been in my new role as                      managers in a time of change cannot be overstated      Finance and Deregulation, the agency underwent a
                secretary for more than a                       and this is reflected in the theme of this month’s     major change in the way it trained and developed its
                 month. My priority has been to                 Defence Magazine, training and development.            leaders. We introduced and embedded a program
                 begin the process of getting                       In this issue you will see stories that            that targeted all bands of leadership from EL1 to
                  to know the organisation and                  highlight the good work being done in Defence to       senior SES, and supported this by encouraging
        its people, starting to understand the                  train and develop its people. I am impressed by        participation in external courses offered by the
        opportunities and problems, and as an                   these stories and by the innovation that Defence       APSC, and major national and international
        organisation starting to examine the
                                                                shows in training programs such as the Graduate        institutions for the most senior managers.
        issues we face in the business.
                                                                Development Program (Graduates experience                  One of the many results was an improvement
             I have met with every Three-Star/Deputy            sharp end of Defence, p27), its commitment to          in recruitment and retention as the program
        Secretary and familiarised myself with the role         technical training evident in stories such as Air
                                                                                                                       became part of attracting good people and keeping
        they and their organisations play in Defence. We        Force’s new skills log (Skills log project delivers
                                                                                                                       them. No public service organisation can afford to
        have discussed their priorities, problems and           precise control, p35) and DMO’s commitment
                                                                                                                       ignore the opportunity to reap such benefits. But,
        opportunities, the Strategic Reform Program and         to further education through its DMO Institute
                                                                                                                       most importantly, we helped people become better
        how it affects them, Force 2030, and much more.         (Masterclass - cultivating the project managers
                                                                                                                       leaders and managers, and that had a major pay
             These activities are the beginning of my           of the future, p24).
                                                                                                                       off for staff and managers alike.
        sustained interaction with Defence’s senior                 But over and above that, leadership and
                                                                                                                           I am proud of what was achieved, and look
        leadership and have emphasised for me the               management training is of particular interest to
                                                                                                                       forward to becoming involved in supporting and
        enormous range of activity that takes place in          me. This is discussed in part in an article about
                                                                                                                       shaping leadership training and development in
        Defence, and the sheer volume of things that go         the importance of career conversations (The art of
                                                                                                                       Defence. I am aware, through my introductory
        on. I have observed that, in general,                   career conversation, p36).
                                                                                                                       conversations, that an APS Career Management
        Defence meets its challenges, with the                      I realised early in my executive career that
                                                                                                                       Framework is being developed by People
        inevitable observation that there are always            the necessary leadership and management skills
        areas in need of improvement.                                                                                  Strategies and Policy and I will offer my full
                                                                do not always come easily to those fortunate
             I have also found very useful the meetings         enough to be promoted into positions of                support to its implementation.

        I have had with the Minister for Defence, John          responsibility. Leadership training has had a major        It is easy to allow training and development to
        Faulkner, Minister for Defence Personnel,               role in shaping my own thoughts and actions            fall victim to the conflicting pressures of day-to-day
        Materiel, and Science, Greg Combet, and                 in managing people since I (rather belatedly)          activities, operations and budget constraints. I urge
        Parliamentary Secretary for Defence Support,            undertook my first Australian Public Service           managers not to let this happen. It is important
        Mike Kelly. It is interesting to get a sense of         Commission (APSC) program in 1996. The simple          that we get full value out of our training budgets.
        Defence from their vantage point and to learn           fact is that you can’t expect people to be good        It is also important to look for innovative ways
        that overall, they have a very positive view of         leaders and managers if you don’t give them            to develop staff that provide opportunities to
        what Defence does and the way it does it.               a helping hand with development and training           widen their experience and benefit their career
             As I settle further in to my new role I intend     opportunities. It’s far from the whole story, but it   progression. That is, after all an important part of
        to seek input more widely from the Defence              does help people lead and manage.                      leadership and management.

CHIeF oF tHe DeFenCe ForCe’s CoLuMn

                                             A first-class
                                             discipline system

                  y now, you will no doubt                      In order to assist you as we embark upon                  The ADF is held in high regard by the Australian
                  be aware of the recent                   this period of transition, I have directed some           public and the international community not because
                  successful challenge to                  material be prepared to assist ADF members in             of our discipline system, but because of our
                  the constitutional validity              understanding their rights and responsibilities           reputation for self-discipline, esprit de corps, and for
                  of the Australian Military               under our new discipline system. This material            coming together in the face of adversity to overcome
                  court (AMc).                             will be available on the Military Justice Intranet        challenges. This highlights the simple truth that
                                                           site (      Australians in general, and the ADF in particular,

       The AMC was designed to enhance the                 Of course, for those of you who have been in the          work hard to not let down their mates.
 independence and impartiality of discipline within        ADF for longer than two years, many aspects of our             Our discipline system exists for those times
 the ADF by trying ADF members in a judicial manner.       transitionary system will be familiar to you.             when an ADF member does let down his or her
 It operated for almost two years and replaced                  There are two very important points that I ask       mates, but at the end of the day, it is a port of last
 the previous system of trial by courts-martial and        you to bear in mind as you familiarise yourselves         resort. This fact does not change regardless of any
 Defence Force magistrates.                                with our interim and, eventually, new systems.            modifications to our discipline system.
       I want it to be clear from the outset that          The first is that although our discipline system is            In the coming months work will begin to
 although the High Court has held the AMC to be            changing in relation to the highest level of Service      achieve the Government’s vision of a successor to
 invalid, this is certainly is not a reflection on the     tribunal, the other parts of our system, such as the      the system of trial by courts-martial and Defence
 sterling work undertaken by the Chief Military Judge,     investigation and charging of Service offences;           Force magistrates, to which we have had to revert.
 Military judges, registrar and associated AMC and         the Discipline Officer scheme; and summary                The exact form of this new court is yet to be
 registry staff, who worked very hard to implement         authority trials—which make up 96 per cent of             finalised, but the vision for it is clear.
 what was an innovative discipline arrangement             all disciplinary matters in the ADF—will continue              We must provide the ADF with a first-class
 within the ADF. I would like to take this opportunity     largely unaffected. Therefore, I stress to you that the   discipline system which affords the greatest
 to thank them for their great work and diligence.         discipline system within the ADF remains operative.       possible rights to a member accused of having
       Immediately following the High Court’s                   Secondly, I remind you that the system               committed a Service offence, whilst providing
 decision, a number of measures were implemented           of discipline established by the Defence Force            effective, efficient support to ADF commanders to
 to ensure effective discipline within the ADF. Some       Discipline Act 1982 is too often considered to be         ensure that they have the resources with which
 of these measures were interim in nature, such as         the only source of discipline within the ADF. This        to do their jobs. I believe the men and women
 the temporary suspension of summary trials, which         perspective is a myth and sells short the role each       of the ADF deserve no less than the support of a
 have since been reinstituted in a modified form.          member of the ADF plays in ensuring the ADF               court that will serve as a reliable backbone to our
 Some of the measures are transitionary, moving            remains an effective, disciplined force.                  discipline system.
 trials which would otherwise have been heard by

 the AMC to the reinstituted system of courts-martial
 and Defence Force magistrates.                                    Our discipline system exists for those times when an ADF
       Finally, some measures will continue to be
 evolutionary, as we seek to merge transitory                      member does let down his or her mates, but at the end of
 measures with those parts of the discipline system
                                                                   the day, it is a port of last resort. This fact does not change
 not called into question by the High Court. Legislation

 is currently being drafted to affect these measures.              regardless of any modifications to our discipline system.

In PICtures
                                                        LefT: A Royal Navy
Merlin magic visits                                     Merlin helicopter on
                                                        takes the opportunity
Toowoomba in the                                        to conduct deck
                                                         landing practice on
Middle east                                              HMAs Toowoomba's
                                                         flight deck during a
                                                          day of training in the
It was a meeting of allies off the coast
                                                          gulf of Oman. Photo:
of Oman in the Arabian gulf recently when a               Courtesy Commonwealth
Merlin helicopter from the united Kingdom’s               of Australia
Royal Navy dropped in on HMAs Toowoomba
to conduct some combined training activities.
     The Merlin helicopter was from the Royal             LefT: Members from
Navy’s 902 expeditionary Air Wing (eAW), 814              the Pacific fleet
squadron and conducted a day’s training with              band - Hawaii, along
HMAs Toowoomba which is deployed in the                   with members of the
                                                           RAN band, provide
Northern Arabian sea in support of Operation
                                                           a musical ensemble
slipper – Australia’s military contribution to the         prior to the start of
International coalition Against Terrorism.                 the 64th Anniversary
     The crew of the Merlin detachment based at            of The end of the War
seeb airfield, in Muscat, Oman, were delighted              in the Pacific, in Pearl
to have the opportunity to work with Toowoomba              Harbour, Hawaii,
and get some rare deck time practice, particularly          during a ceremony
with a Royal Australian Navy Anzac class frigate.            held onboard the
     With Toowoomba’s own seahawk helicopter                 uss Missouri
                                                             Memorial. Photo: LSPH
(call sign Pegasus) also airborne at the time, both
                                                             Brenton Freind
aircraft flew in company and images of the Merlin
helicopter (call sign sabretooth) landing on
Toowoomba’s were taken to record the event.
     Members of HMAsToowoomba’s flight deck
team were pleased to get an opportunity to work
with the Merlin as it provided some new and
interesting experience, particularly given the size
of the aircraft.
     The opportunity was also greatly appreciated
by the Royal Navy aircrew who were able to
consolidate some valuable embarked operations
which is not available to them whilst they are
based ashore at seeb in Oman.
     commander Ingham, who accepted an
invitation to fly in the Merlin, was very impressed
with the power and nimbleness of the helicopter,
given the considerable size of the airframe.
     since her arrival in the Middle east Area of
Operations in June, HMAs Toowoomba has taken
every opportunity to forge strong relationships with
the other coalition forces deployed to the gulf.
     This is allowing members of her crew to
regularly conduct Personnel exchange Programs
which is providing new professional experiences,
promoting cooperation and enhancing our
understanding of how other navies operate.
     814 sQN, deployed to the Middle east
on rotation since 2003, has three Merlin
helicopters permanently deployed to Oman as
part of the part of the Royal Navy’s commitment
to operations in the gulf.

                      RIgHT: Air-to-air imagery of a
                      75 squadron f/A-18 Hornet over
                      a Northern Territory landscape.
                      Photo: LAC Casey Smith
                                                                                                           defence magazine ›

                                                                                                                                               LefT: sergeant gavino
                                                                                                                                               Mura of the school of
                                                                                                                                              Artillery, Puckapunyal
                                                                                                                                              victoria, has his face
                                                                                                                                              painted by chief of Arm
                                                                                                                                              Lieutenant general
                                                                                                                                              Ken gillespie to raise
                                                                                                                                             awareness of the blue
                                                                                                                                             september organisation
                                                                                                                                             prostate cancer campai
                                                                                                                                             Photo: Bryan Doherty

 AbOve: Air force's Ind
                          igenous          AbOve: Avionics
 Affairs liaison officer Lea
                             ding         Technician, Leading
 Aircraftwoman Debora
                          h               Aircraftman Michael
 booker, with seven-yea
                          r-old           greck checks the ram
 Mary colquhoun, who
                         drew a           bleed air ducts of a f/A
picture of the balloon for                                          -18
                            the           as part of the pre-flight
visiting crew at Nhulunbu
                             y           checks during exercise
Primary school's oval as
a journey through Arnhem t of            Thai boomerang at
                             Land        Korat Air force base in
called exercise Arnhem
                           Drifter.      Thailand. Photo: LAC
                                         Casey Smith

                                                               Australian Army
                                                               Korean War Memorial
                                                               Plaque unveiled
                                        tralian Navy
          beLOW: former Royal Aus receives
          sub Lieutenant Don    ald Reed                       On friday, 28 August, the Deputy chief                       The ceremony was well attended by both
                                     hday. sub                                                                         the local and international community, with a
          a medal on his 87th birt              ctant          of Army, Major general (MAJgeN)
          Lieutenan   t Reed became the relu                                                                           number of Korean national veterans who had
                          ntion when he was aw
                                                   arded       Paul symon, and the Ambassador to
          centre of atte                                                                                               fought in the local terrain being present. The
          a prestigious overse    as service medal             the Republic of Korea (ROK), H. e. sam                  28th Division from the ROK Army, who man
                                     award was
           from World War II. The           Reed, who
                                                               gerovich, unveiled the Australian                       OP Tai Poong, was especially generous in its
           never   actually handed to Mr
                           tled back into civilian life        Army Korean War Memorial Plaque                         support to the ceremony with the provision of
           eventually set
                                      e was brought            at Observation Post (OP) Tai Poong,                     personnel and equipment. The ceremony lasted
            after the war. Don’s cas
            to the attention of the Nethe ved, which           located along the demilitarised zone                    20 minutes and all who attended commented on
            govern   ment, with whom he ser                                                                            how fitting the plaque was both for the event
                                      te his case and          (DMz) in south Korea.
            was quick to investiga                                                                                     and wider occasion. The location of the plaque
             make for an improm    ptu birthday present.                                                               ensures that it will be well seen by both
                                                                    Created by Dr Ross Bastiaan, a Colonel in the
             Photo: LSPH Nina Nikolin                                                                                  military and civilian persons.
                                                               Active Reserve, the plaque outlines the involvement
                                                               of Australian Armed Forces in the Korean War and             MAJGEN Symon also had opportunity
                                                               provides detail on the Battle of Maryang San, as OP     to meet with the ROK Chairman of the Joint
                                                               Tai Poong overlooks the hill that was the site of the   Chiefs of Staff, General Kim Tae Young.
                                                               battle in early October 1951.                           They concluded that there were a number of
                                                                    The plaque is one of three dedicated               similarities between the ROK Armed Forces and
                                                               Korean War plaques. The plaque “recognises              the ADF; both being concerned with common
                                                               the friendship between Australia and the                regional challenges, both operating extensively
                                                               Republic of Korea, and remembers those brave            with the US military and sharing similar
                                                               individuals who paid the ultimate sacrifice in the      weapons and hardware systems. These points
                                                               defence of freedom,” MAJGEN Symon said in a             of commonality continue to build on an
                                                               short speech at the ceremony.                           already strong relationship.

        HMAs Sydney II
        laid to rest
        By Lieutenant Alistair Tomlinson

                military truism states that when                     According to the Commission’s report, within        operating in Australian territorial waters during
                choosing between a conspiracy                   about five minutes, the heavy gun and small arms         WWII. From this, the report found that Sydney had
                 and a mistake to explain                       barrage had killed or disabled about 70 per cent of      been correctly informed that she should not expect
                                                                Sydney’s crew, including most of her officers.           to come across any friendly ships.
                  defeat, the latter is inevitably
                                                                     During the battle, no less than 87, 15cm shells          Notwithstanding the circumstances
                   correct because the former
                                                                struck Sydney and at least 200,000 pieces of shrapnel    of Sydney’s tragic demise, in the view of
                    requires planning.                          penetrated her plating. The bridge, gunnery control      Commissioner Cole, CAPT Burnett was performing
              And so, according to HMAS Sydney II               tower and at least two gun turrets were destroyed.       his duty as Commanding Officer in seeking to
         Commission of Inquiry (COI) President, the             A torpedo struck her bow causing extensive               identify an unknown ship and no findings of
         Honourable Terence Cole, an error of judgement         flooding. Her decks were strafed by a variety of light   negligence were made by the COI – the report
         was the reason Sydney sank because her captain,        armaments and machine guns resulting in fire and the     nevertheless describes his decision to treat the
         Joseph Burnett, made the mistake of not treating       destruction of the ship's plane and life-rafts (damage   unknown ship as innocent rather than suspicious
         the HSK Kormoran as suspicious.                        to the port side is shown above).                        as an “error of judgment”.
              The battlefield tipped decisively in Kormoran’s        So why did CAPT Burnett allow Sydney                     This error in judgment was to disregard
         favour once Sydney came within 1500m – negating        to come so close to Kormoran? In attempting              known movements of shipping and assess the
         her tactical strengths and allowing the German         to answer this question, the COI undertook               ship as innocent, when it was not on Sydney’s
         raider to gain first strike advantage and cause the    new research into a number of issues directly            plot and therefore not expected to be in the area.
         deaths of all 645 crew members.                        relevant to the loss of Sydney. This included what       With some justification CAPT Burnett may have
              No Japanese submarines working in tandem          information was available CAPT Burnett on the day        disregarded the VAI because sometimes it was
         with the German Navy were necessary to sink            that Sydney confronted Kormoran.                         inaccurate and as a matter of fact, no German
         Sydney. Neither was a fake surrender or mines or            Twice daily, all Australian warships including      raider had ever been spotted off the Australian
         any of the other 25 conspiracy theories to blame.      Sydney, were sent a Shipping Intelligence                coast since the outbreak of the war.
         The Commission concluded that although there           Message, or SIM, from the Navy. This formed the               However, existing Australian naval procedures
         were “…frauds, conspiracies or speculations,           basis of the Vessels in Area Indicated Chart (VAI)       required ships not appearing on the VAI to be
         none of which has any substance whatsoever”.           that told a captain about what shipping he could         treated as suspicious. Had CAPT Burnett followed
              Sydney was plainly out-gunned by one of the       expect to encounter. The SIMs sent to Sydney             this protocol, he would have brought Sydney to
         most successful German raiders of WWII.                on both 18 and 19 November 1941 stated that              action stations, remained at least seven nautical
              Examining hours of video imagery, large           she should not expect to encounter any friendly          miles away (out of effective torpedo range), and
         quantities of historical documents, photographs        shipping on those dates.                                 adopted a more aggressive signalling system.
         and other publications, the Defence and Science
                                                                     In order to test the accuracy of these SIMs              CAPT Burnett had followed this procedure
         Technology Organisation (DSTO) in conjunction
                                                                and the subsequent VAI chart, the Commission             on three previous occasions when he had ordered
         with the Royal Australian Institution of Naval
                                                                reconstructed the original source of information         Sydney to action stations upon sighting an
         Architects, helped explain how the less-well-
                                                                used to create the SIMs.                                 unidentified vessel. One of these occurred on 2
         equipped Kormoran sank the battle-hardened
                                                                     This meant analysing 8,742 Merchant                 June 1941 and was only about 70 nautical miles
         veteran that was Sydney.
                                                                Shipping Index Cards from every allied ship              from the encounter with Kormoran.
                                                                                                       defence magazine ›

beLOW: Approaching the site of
HMAs Sydney II, HMAs Sydney is
silhouetted by first light, as invited
guests prepare to pay their respects
to those who lost their lives.
Photo: ABPH Andrew Dakin

LefT: Lieutenant commander (LcDR)
John Quinn (retired) looks out over the
Indian Ocean on sunset on the flight
deck of HMAs Manoora in transit to
the HMAs Sydney site. LcDR Quinn
was the commanding Officer of HMAs
Jarapet the vietnam War. LcDR Quinn
also lost his father, Petty Officer cook
george Quinn, on HMAs Sydney II.

                                                                                                                                          LefT: The HMAs
        The decision by CAPT Burnett not to treat               “Human nature is such that once it is known                               Sydney II replica bell,
   Kormoran as suspicious was not based on any guise       that a course of action results in tragedy, no one                             with HMAs Sydney in
   or deceit by the German raider, as the two ships        will admit that they would have taken that course                              the background, during
   were 20 nautical miles apart when mutually spotted.     of action,” Mr Cole said.                                                      the ceremony over the
                                                                                                                                          site of the sinking of
   Several subsequent actions by Kormoran should have            “And it is never to be forgotten that
                                                                                                                                          HMAs Sydney II.
   resulted in CAPT Burnett changing his perception that   Captain Burnett and his crew lost their lives
   the ship was innocent, to the ship was suspicious.      during the performance of their military duty of
        These included Kormoran’s premature turn into      investigating an unknown vessel whilst protecting
   the sun and increase in speed after it was spotted      Australian shipping lanes. Although Sydney was
   by Sydney; her obfuscated and delayed flag signals      lost, she succeeded in ridding the sea lanes of an
   in response to various requests from Sydney; an         enemy raider.”
   extended chase lasting more than an hour; and the            This conclusion was endorsed by Chief of
   incorrect use of ‘Q’ messages by Kormoran.              Navy, Vice Admiral (VADM) Russ Crane.
        The report concludes that these factors,                “An appreciation of the training, tactics
   individually or collectively, should have caused        and procedures of the time and the particular
   Captain Burnett to alter his assessment of the          circumstances of the day in question, including
   unidentified ship from appearing innocent to            the fact that merchant vessels frequently did not
   appearing suspicious. However, wartime command          properly respond to queries by warships, must be
   involves assessments and risks and it cannot            taken into account to help understand why HMAS
   be said how others, if placed in CAPT Burnett’s         Sydney II approached so close to HSK Kormoran,”
   position would have acted.                              VADM Crane said.

   The Commission concluded that although there were

                                                                                                                AbOve: Denise Harris, who never met
                                                                                                                her father (Able seaman Dennis Paling

   …frauds, conspiracies or                                                                                     who was lost on HMAs Sydney II) stands
                                                                                                                over the site of the sinking, with HMAs
                                                                                                                Sydney in the background.

   speculations, none of which has                                                                              AbOve 2: senior chaplain barrie
                                                                                                                Yesberg, RAN pays tribute to the fallen

   any substance whatsoever
                                                                                                                over the site of HMAs Sydney II, on
                                                                                                                HMAs Manoora. HMAs Sydney is in the
                                                                                                                background during the ceremony.

                                                                 Music and
                                                                 comedy stars
                                                                 rock east timor                                           By Julie Akmacic

              fter performing a series of                             As well as enjoying the radio program, troops        LefT: Tour de force 16 entertainer
               live radio broadcasts,                            in East Timor had the opportunity to sing along with      Mark spano enjoys the wide open
                                                                 legendary Australian musician, Ian Moss.                  space of gleno, east Timor, while he
                Australian radio                                                                                           waits for a black Hawk helicopter
                 personalities, music legends                         “My reason to participate was partly because
                                                                 of the location, East Timor sounded so exciting. I also   to return him to Dili after a lunchtime
                  and comedians have                                                                                       concert for the soldiers serving with
                                                                 loved the idea of playing for the troops,” Ian said.
                  returned from one of the                                                                                 the International stabilisation force.
                                                                      Ian and his band rocked the bases with some
                   most successful forces
                                                                 classic Cold Chisel hits as well as some of his own       beLOW: Music legend Ian Moss
        entertainment Tours to east Timor.
                                                                 work – both past and present.                             proves he still has what it takes as he
                                                                      “My experience performing to the troops in           rock another Tour de force 16 concert
              The Helicopter Point of Departure (HPOD) in
                                                                 East Timor is completely different to the atmosphere      for International stabilisation force
        Dili came to life in July with live radio broadcasts                                                               soldiers on deployment in east Timor.
                                                                 I am used to playing at a regular pub gig,” Ian said.
        from Melbourne’s Vega 91.5fm, with presenter                                                                       Photographs by LAC Christopher Dickson
                                                                      “It was so much more relaxed, which tends to
        Ian ‘Dicko’ Dickson.
                                                                 relax me and therefore I play better.”
              Best known as a judge on Australian Idol, Dicko
                                                                      The tour also included performances from
        broadcasted his daily military life experiences back
                                                                 2008 Australian Idol contestant Mark Spano and
        to Australia. His broadcasting included spots from
                                                                 comedy acts from award-winning British (and now
        his boot camp participation, a visit to the weapons
                                                                 Melbourne-based) comedian Jeff Green, as well
        range, the art of travelling in military vehicles, an
                                                                 as Lawrence Mooney from Melbourne.
        adventure flying in an Army Blackhawk Helicopter
                                                                      In a tradition that pre-dates the Vietnam War,
        and his new hairdo – an Army crewcut.
                                                                 the entertainers donated their time free of charge
              “I’ve been a long time admirer of the Australian
                                                                  to bring cheer and laughter to the troops.
        Defence Force and therefore was thrilled to be part
                                                                      Tour de Force 16 was the 16th Forces Entertainment
        of the team to entertain and support those men and
                                                                 Tour to visit East Timor and was designed to entertain
        women serving in East Timor,” Dicko said.
                                                                 and boost the morale of the International Stabilisation
              Dicko and his Vega team also gave Melbourne-
                                                                 Force, comprising both Australian and New Zealand
        based troops the opportunity to send their love over
                                                                 Defence Force personnel.
        the airways to their friends and family back home.
                                                                                                       defence magazine ›

By Leila Daniels

                                                            ADFA congratulates its first
                                                            one-star graduate
            ommodore (cDRe) Mark                                  "ADFA gave me a really strong blend of
                                                            challenges and recognised academic qualifications.
            Purcell is ADfA's first                               "There were definite advantages in the
            graduate to achieve one-                        adventure training and service sports that I competed
            star status, a milestone                        in and my interest in the area was definitely sparked
            achievement for both the                        while at ADFA," CDRE Purcell said.
                                                                  AIRCDRE Staib congratulated CDRE Purcell and
            institution and the man.                        said that ADFA had come of age now that graduates
        After joining ADFA in 1986 following one year       were achieving senior rank in the military.
   at Naval College, CDRE Purcell graduated with                  "Due to the need to serve time in rank, naturally
   a double degree in Electrical Engineering and a          it takes a while to achieve one-star rank. Because
   Bachelor of Science, majoring in computer sciences.      we don't laterally recruit like other industries, to get
        "I have no doubt that ADFA is very different        to the top you have to start at the bottom,” AIRCDRE
   today to how it was back when I was there," CDRE         Staib said.
   Purcell said.                                                  "You can't just apply to be a Commodore, you
        "There was definitely a large Army presence in      have to do your time and work through the ranks."
   the early days but when we came in, things started             The future leadership of the ADF certainly
   to be re-balanced.                                       looks secure with many talented ex-ADFA
        "I did have to fight pretty hard to do my double    cadets approaching senior ranks.
   degree in computer science and engineering which               "We have a lot of very talented people
   is certainly not the norm now, but the fact that I was   reaching senior positions that have been
   able to do this gave me the ability to dual stream in    cadets at ADFA so the future is looking
   IT and engineering for the rest of my career.            very bright indeed," AIRCDRE Staib said.

   By Colonel Chris Field
                                                            What does commodore Purcell’s
                                                            promotion mean for the ADf?
   by one measure, the promotion of                         10 of these were substantive in the rank at the            service, the RANC had been established for 31
   commodore Purcell means, for the                         outbreak of the war. By 1945, RMC Army graduates           years before producing RAN graduates at the rank
                                                            were commanding corps and divisions and had                of one-star.
   ADf, that ADfA has come of age.
                                                            been filling these posts for some years; three were             Interestingly, Joseph (Joe) Hewitt, who
        Since ADFA’s inception in 1986, the Academy         temporary lieutenant-generals, 17 were major-              transferred from the RAN to the RAAF in 1928,
   has graduated 5053 people for service in the ADF,        generals, and some 50 had reached brigadier.               was the first one-star graduate of the RANC.
   and other international militaries including Cambodia,         For the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF)            Hewitt entered the RANC in 1915, graduating
   Malaysia, New Zealand, Thailand and Singapore.           graduates of RMC, in August 1939, the highest ranking      in 1918. Hewitt was seconded to the Royal
        Of these graduates, Commodore Purcell               officer was wing commander. By May 1945, RAAF              Australian Air Force in January 1923, and in
   achieved one-star military rank within 23 years          RMC graduates accounted for five air commodores.           April 1928 transferred permanently to the RAAF.
   of ADFA’s inception.                                           In 1913, the Royal Australian Naval College               He was promoted to Air Commodore
        In contrast, Australia’s senior military            (RANC), which in 1958 was named HMAS                       in February 1943 and appointed Air Officer
   institution, the Royal Military College, Duntroon        Creswell, accepted the first two entries of cadet          Commanding No. 9 (Operational) Group in the
   (RMC), which was established in 1911, was unable         midshipmen. The first graduation from the RANC,            New Guinea area in February 1943, which at
   to produce a graduate above the rank of lieutenant       in 1916, included Midshipmen John Collins and              the time was the largest and most important
   colonel until the Second World War. In 1939, on          Harold Farncomb, both of whom were appointed to            operational command in the RAAF. Hewitt’s
   RMC’s 28th anniversary, 24 Army graduates had            Commodore in 1944, Collins in June and Farncomb            promotion to one-star pre-dates that of Collins
   been promoted to lieutenant-colonel, although only       in December. In Commodore Mark Purcell’s own               by more than 12 months.


                                                                                                                                 By Jack Foster

FOUND IN                                                                                                                         Language and
                                                                                                                                 cultural skills
 TRANSLATION                                                                                                                     break down
                   rguably one of the most                               Army personnel who have previously qualified            empathy, extends to the cultures of all groups or
                    fundamental lessons learnt from                 in the key Languages Other Than English (LOTE)               individuals—not just adversaries but also non-
                     experience in recent counter-                  of Indonesian, Arabic, Vietnamese, French Persian            combatants and our coalition partners – that act in
                                                                    Farsi/Dari and Thai were required to attend these            or influence the operating environment.”
                      insurgency operations, but
                                                                    courses, after a period of two years or greater                   LTCOL Floyd said understanding has to go
                       equally valid in all missions,
                                                                    since their last qualification.                              beyond superficial awareness, and take into
                        is that success ultimately                       Soldiers who retain their languages at the              account an individual’s motivational drivers,
           lies in establishing close relationships                 intermediate level or higher are entitled to apply           societal norms, political/group allegiances and any
           with the local population.                               for further, in-country training that immerses them          behavioural drivers that influence decision-making.
                 Language and cultural skills play a vital role     in the language and culture of particular regions or
           in fostering these relationships and in helping          work environments.
           Australia’s land forces understand the environment            “These opportunities are designed to both
           in which they find themselves operating.                 develop and broaden a linguist’s skills, particularly in
                 Chief of Army’s Visiting Fellow at the Lowy        a specialist area or key dialect,” LTCOL Floyd said.
           Institute for International Policy, Lieutenant Colonel        “They are an exemplary model of Army’s
           (LTCOL) Nick Floyd, said that language and cultural      current educational approach for today’s complex
           understanding were critical capabilities for Army        environments—that is, teaching its soldiers how
           and Defence more widely.                                 to think, not what to think.”
                 “These skills improve the decisions our soldiers        Other key languages such as Japanese,
           need to make both on missions, and when involved         Khmer, Korean, Malay, Russian Portuguese,
           in engagement and cooperation with Australia’s           Mandarin and Filipino are also being refreshed as
           regional and global partners,” LTCOL Floyd said.         part of the ongoing Refresher program.
                  “The most obvious benefit is when going into           LTCOL Floyd said that Army unit commanders must
           an operational theatre where the inhabitants and         ensure that any intermediate-level or higher linguists            “Gaining this understanding helps commanders
           other players, such as coalition partners, speak         posted to their units are able to retain their individual    and operators at all levels to achieve best-practise
           another language.                                        language abilities by requalifying every two years.          decision superiority,” LTCOL Floyd said.
                 “But you’ve also got to have a language
                                                                         “By implementing this scheme, Army should see                At present, the Australian Army currently
           capability when we’re involved in humanitarian
                                                                    a return in capability that far outweighs the outlay         assembles knowledge and awareness of operational
           assistance missions and international diplomacy.”
                                                                    made for the two-week attendance, and ensures that           surroundings in many ways, drawing on cultural
                 LTCOL Floyd said that language and cultural
                                                                    Army’s significant initial investment in training its        understanding obtained through formal and
           skills, although critical, were less tangible than
                                                                    generalist linguists is returned,” LTCOL Floyd said.         immersion training, incidental individual and
           other capabilities, with benefits harder to measure.
                                                                         LTCOL Floyd said that language on its own is            collective experience, as well as personal motivation.
                 “You can conceptualise the idea of buying a
                                                                    insufficient, and must be teamed with insight into                “We also draw on further in-country
           new weapon, because you can see the outcomes
           then and there, but the returns from language and        other cultures.                                              knowledge while on deployment from locally
           cultural understanding are extremely intangible,”             “You could define cultural understanding as             engaged staff such as interpreters, and through
           LTCOL Floyd said.                                        the capacity for active study and understanding              operational experience,” LTCOL Floyd said.
                 To help further this capability within Army,       of human and cultural influences affecting all                    “This learning is then ploughed back in as part
           soldiers and officers are being actively encouraged      decision-making and actions in the operating                 of our Mission Rehearsal Exercises.
           to take up the opportunity to requalify in their         environment,” LTCOL Floyd said.                                   “The continuing operational experience
           languages skills through its recently re-introduced           “These influences are pretty diverse, and include       Australian has had throughout the past 10 years
           Language Refresher courses.                              things like behavioural considerations and drivers;          reinforces the importance of language and cultural
                 “Army has recently successfully completed          power and influence sources; government, political and       understanding as a multiplier of all aspects of
           another of its rolling sessions of two-week language     social grouping structures; tribal or ethnic dispositions;   interventions, not just combat, but stabilisation,
           requalification courses, at the Defence Force School     and spiritual, economic and geo-social factors.              Defence military engagement, diplomacy, and
18         of Languages (DFSL),” LTCOL Floyd said.                       “It’s key that this understanding, or                   humanitarian assistance missions.”
                                                                                                                    AbOve: Mentoring and Reconstruction Task
                                                                                                                    force 2 (MRTf2) combat Team Alpha, 1 Platoon
                                                                                                                    commander, Lieutenant Travis Peet (far left),
                                                                                                                    corporal benjemin byrne (center) and their
                                                                                                                    interpreter (right) chat with local Afghan whilst
                                                                                                                    on patrol in the village of sarab.

                                                                                                                    fAR LefT: chief of Army’s visiting fellow at
                                                                                                                    the Lowy Institute for International Policy,
                                                                                                                    Lieutenant colonel Nick floyd, says soldiers
                                                                                                                    and officers are being encouraged to requalify
                                                                                                                    in their languages skills through the recently
                                                                                                                    re-introduced language refresher courses.
                                                                                                                    Photo: Warren Clarke

                                                                                                                    2ND LefT: Mentoring and Reconstruction
                                                                                                                    Task force 2 Officer commanding, Major
                                                                                                                    David Trotter and Major Julian Thirkill speak
                                                                                                                    with local Afghans in the "green zone" of the
                                                                                                                    baluchi valley.

                                                                                                                    LefT: caption: Local children of sarab chat with
                                                                                                                    Mentoring and Reconstruction Task force 2
                                                                                                                    (MRTf2) combat Team Alpha, 1 Platoon's Private

On-ground cultural understanding                                                                                    geoffrey shaw during a short halt during a
                                                                                                                    patrol. Photo: Corporal (CPL) Rachel Ingram

The local engagement element of                             of Afghan National Army soldiers that work with         that the Australian troops’ relationship with them was
ADf operations is a major focus for                         Australian forces, who speak the official Afghan        a very inclusive relationship with them.
                                                            language—Dari.                                                “We need to ensure that they feel and know
Major (MAJ) Julian Thirkill, a key
                                                                 MAJ Thirkill said another important part of        we are here to help them, and with them together,
staff officer on the headquarters of                        operating within Pashtun-dominated southern             defeat the insurgency,” MAJ Thirkill said.
the Mentoring and Reconstruction                            Afghanistan is to understand the ancient code of              “Within the incredibly complex web of personal,
Task force Tarin Kowt.                                      conduct known as Pashtunwali. This is a set of rules    family, tribal and political networks in Uruzgan
                                                            guiding both individual and communal conduct and        province, not everything is always as it first appears.
     “One of my responsibilities as a staff officer
                                                            is socially practiced by the majority of Pashtuns.             “We strive to win their trust, their confidence
within the Headquarters is to advise on how, when and             “It is considered a personal responsibility       and their respect and show them that together we
where to deal with local nationals,” MAJ Thirkill said.     of every Pashtun to discover and rediscover             will defeat the insurgents who otherwise bring
     “This is a responsibility that I take very seriously   Pashtunwali's essence and meaning and it is my          oppression, intimidation and suffering.
and began long before we arrived in Afghanistan             responsibility to ensure that our soldiers are at             “By closely interacting with them we reveal
itself. It is simply pivotal to our success here.”          least aware of what this means to them,” MAJ            to them the differences between Australian and
     The majority of locals in Uruzgan Province             Thirkill said.                                          Afghan culture but also revel in the common
speak Pashtu. This is in contrast to the majority                MAJ Thirkill said it was of paramount importance   determination to defeat a common enemy.”              19
     AustrALIAn DeFenCe ForCe ACADeMY

        ADFA opens up
        to PreCIsIon
        and ProsPeCts
        By Leila Daniels

                 recision drill teams,                         with a civilian provider for the academic program.
                 academics, anxious parents                          "It is not a defence degree, students actually
                                                               graduate with a civilian qualification."
                 and inquisitive prospective
                                                                     As one of the top research intensive universities
                 students came together
                                                               in Australia, ADFA's Commandant is not shy when
                 to see the exciting range                     talking about the academic success of the students.
                 of study options at the                             "We have an extremely competitive pass rate
                                                                                                                          AbOve: service Police from the Air force put on a
        Australian Defence force Academy                       of 95 per cent, compared to some of the other top          military working dog display with bite during the
        (ADfA) Open Day recently.                              institutions being around 90 per cent.                     2009 ADfA Open Day. Photo: David Patterson
                                                                     "I think one of the reasons for our success is the
              The Commandant of ADFA, Air Commodore
                                                               academic attention our students receive. We have a         RIgHT: Two ADfA cadets display the finer points of
        (AIRCDRE) Margaret Staib, said the Open Day                                                                       fencing during the 2009 ADfA Open Day.
                                                               student to academic ratio of around nine to one but
        program was an important day in the academy's
                                                               in some other universities that could be as high as
        calendar for the cadets, teaching staff and                                                                            "I have found the subjects I've studied to
                                                               30 to one."
        prospective students.                                                                                             be extremely relevant in the workplace," Ms
                                                                     One potential ADFA candidate, Shannon
              "Our open day is part of a wider program of                                                                 Schaumburg said.
                                                               Bowen, said that the opportunity for her parents to
        open days for universities right across Canberra                                                                       "My research has assisted me to add value
        and it is a great opportunity for us to showcase the   attend the Open Day allowed them to find out more
                                                               information about her desire to join the Navy.             when providing feedback or responding to
        Academy so that people can really get an idea of
                                                                     "Over the course of one week their attitudes         questions in the workplace."
        what we are about," AIRCDRE Staib said.
                                                               have changed from passive acceptance to                         ADFA has several well-known graduates, with
              "We estimate that we had about 5,000 people
                                                               enthusiastic support for my ambition to join the           one of its most notable being Dr David Kilcullen. A
        visit ADFA and we really got the message across
        that if people want to be a part of the ADF as         Navy, and I would certainly put that down to a very        graduate from the class of '89 and a doctorate in
        an officer, they can come here and get a civilian      smooth and well run Open Day," Ms Bowen said.              political anthropology, Dr Kilcullen is currently an
        qualification through the University of New South            The range of post graduate options available         advisor to the US Government.
        Wales, and combine it with a military education."      to military and civilian members at ADFA is vast.               "Dr Kilcullen recently gave the University lecture
              Since 1986, ADFA has provided undergraduate            "Apart from the 1,011 officer cadets and             here at ADFA focussing on guerrilla warfare - his area
        education and military training to midshipmen          midshipmen we have studying here, there are also           of expertise. It was really wonderful to learn from him
        and officer cadets, and during the past 23 years       2,000 post graduate students and they include
                                                                                                                          and welcome him back," AIRCDRE Staib said.
        has lived up to its mission of producing the best      civilians both within and outside of Defence. There
                                                                                                                               The success of the Open Day was reflected
        leaders for the Australian Defence Force.              is a great opportunity for anyone wanting to do
                                                                                                                          in the many comments the Commandant received
              "We provide a balanced and liberal university    their Masters degree or doctoral study here at
                                                                                                                          from prospective parents.
        education within a military environment, for our       ADFA," AIRCDRE Staib said.
        officer cadets and midshipmen but we also provide            One civilian Defence member who has done that             "One parent was so impressed with one of our
        the opportunity for research, development and higher   is Sally Schaumburg, Principal Business Operations         cadets that they felt compelled to let the Chief of
        education for members right across the Department      Manager in Integrated Travel Solutions, Defence            the Air Force know. This type of feedback makes
        – including civilians," AIRCDRE Staib said.            Support Group. After not studying for many years,          me extremely proud to be a part of the further
              "What a lot of people don’t realise is that      Sally decided to apply to undertake a Graduate             development of these very clever and bright young
20      ADFA is unique in the world – it is a joint academy    Certificate in Management Studies through ADFA.            men and women," AIRCDRE Staib said.
                                                                                                A member of the Australian Defence force
                                                                                                Academy radios instructions to comrades
                                                                                                during a section attack display under
                                                                                                inclement skies during ADfA's recent open
                                                                                                day. Photo: David Patterson

                                    cADeTs RAIse THe
                                    ROOf fOR RenT By Leila Daniels

                                              utting away their books and                            "It was a great opportunity to develop some
                                              uniforms and hitting the stage                    unique skills in performance and organisational
                                              with ease, 60 cadets combined                     management that I can use as an officer," OFFCDT
                                                                                                Anderson said.
                                              their creative energy to put on
                                                                                                     "We had more than 400 people in the
                                              the rock musical, Rent for the
                                                                                                audience each night and people were happy to see
                                              Academy's annual production.
                                                                                                ADFA put on a serious show. I think many walked
                                         The production is a much-anticipated annual            away having a learnt a lesson from the people's
                                    event for the cadets and the excitement around              lives we presented on stage."
                                    this year's show was no exception.                               The stage manager, Midshipman (MIDN)
                                         AIRCDRE Staib said she was very impressed              Kane Stuart, couldn't pass up the opportunity to do
                                    with the production.                                        something out of the ordinary at ADFA.
                                         "I have had all sorts of fantastic feedback                 "There was a lot of work involved as the
                                    from many people who attended, it was very                  stage manager but in the end I felt as though I
                                    professional and I would have paid money to go,"            had been a part of something quite spectacular,"
                                    AIRCDRE Staib said.                                         MIDN Stuart said.
                                         Rent has a striking similarity to Puccini's opera La        AIRCDRE Staib was keen to point out that
                                    Boheme but it also examines modern day issues such          the cadets don't just march on the parade ground
                                    as homosexual relationships, AIDS and drug addiction.       while at ADFA.
                                         When brainstorming for ideas for this year's                "The reason we do things like the musical
                                    musical, the cadets were wary as to how Rent would          production is so our cadets get a chance to be put
                                    be received. In the end, tackling how to portray the        in positions of leadership. It also lets them display
                                    controversial themes was no problem for the cast, the       other talents they have which is in line with our
                                    Director, Officer Cadet (OFFCDT) Josh Kam said.             mission of producing well-rounded, capable and
                                         "Yes, dealing with the themes in the show              confident graduates."
                                    wasn't easy," OFFCDT Kam said.                                   After this year's challenging and thought
                                         "At face value it can seem that the show is just       provoking production, what can audiences look
                                    about people dying of AIDS but it takes real energy         forward to next year?
                                    and commitment to bring out the underlying themes of             "This year's show had some pretty serious
                                    love, and living life to the fullest despite poor odds."    themes so next year will probably be a full on comedy,
AbOve: ADfA cadets display               There were a number of first-timers in the             plenty of laughs and light-hearted songs – you will
their on-stage talents during the   cast, getting involved in their first ADFA production.      have to wait and see though," OFFCDT Kam said.
stage production of their rock      OFFCDT Anna Anderson auditioned this year to get                 The production raised $2,000 for the production
musical Rent.                       involved in a different area of academy life.               committees' chosen charity of Camp Quality.
     sPotLIGHt on reForM

        Non-equipment procurement:
        more than ‘rats and mice’

                 efence buys a vast array                                 Defence Magazine intends to publish regular articles to update readers on
                 of items – from pencils and
                                                                          the progress from the 15 streams of the Strategic Reform Program. Below,
                 paper through to ships and
                 planes. Defence also buys                                Dr Ian Williams focuses on the Non-Equipment Procurement stream.
                 services from a large number
                 of contractors, including                                NEP is complex, as it covers a vast array of goods and               In a number of cases Defence will not be able to
        from those who maintain equipment,                                services, including such things as:                            deliver the savings overnight and they will come only
        look after bases and provide expert                                                                                              as contracts are renewed and old habits, systems and
                                                                          •    Building maintenance
        technical advice.                                                                                                                policy are changed. But where it can, Defence will
                                                                          •    Travel
                                                                                                                                         move quickly to implement necessary reform.
                                                                          •    Training
              Defence is a major user of water, electricity                                                                                    Savings can be made in two main ways – by
                                                                          •    Health services
        and telecommunications infrastructure and spends                                                                                 reducing unnecessary demand and by improving supply
                                                                          •    Utilities – water and power
        $15 billion or more across Defence and the Defence                                                                               arrangements. The following examples illustrate the
                                                                          •    Garrison support services at out bases, including
        Materiel Organisation in payments to industry each                                                                               sorts of opportunities we have:
                                                                               catering, gardening, cleaning and security
        year for goods and services.                                                                                                     • Travel: We should only travel when we
                                                                          •    Purchase of office requisites and office furniture, and
              The Strategic Reform Program (SRP) seeks to                                                                                      absolutely need to. If as little as one trip in every
                                                                          •    Arranging for the removals of Defence people and
        make sure that Defence’s purchasing gets best value                                                                                    five carried out by Defence people is eliminated,
                                                                               their families when posted.
        for money. Any money saved can be used to buy more                                                                                     we will achieve more than the NEP target saving
        capability – ships, tanks and planes.                             The advantage of having such a large annual spend on                 for travel.
              When people think about Defence purchasing,                 NEP is that you don’t need to do much to save a lot of         • Payment and Debt Processing: Defence’s
        they often focus on the equipment side, and assume                money. If Defence can shave as little as one per cent                travel allowances are very generous by wider
        that the rest is largely ‘rats and mice’. In fact,                off its costs, $50 million is freed up every year – that’s           community standards. In some cases, people
        Defence spends less each year on purchasing military              half a billion dollars in a decade.                                  lodge requests to be paid adjustments of as
        equipment than it does on all its other purchases.                      But Defence can do a lot better than one per cent.             little as a dollar – and even less. Under present
              Non-equipment procurement (NEP), which refers               The independent budget audit carried out last year                   arrangements it costs Defence about $70 to
        to all the goods and services Defence buys, apart from            assessed that as much as 15-20 per cent can be saved                 process that request or to recover a debt of that
        military equipment and its sustainment, costs around              in some NEP categories. All together, it is estimated that           amount. We need to see if we can change policy
        $4 billion to $5 billion every year. It’s a lot more than ‘rats   Defence can save more than $400 million every year –                 and behaviours to avoid this inefficient practice.
        and mice’. In fact, it represents around $16,000 that each        around 8-10 per cent of current annual spend on NEP.           • catering: How much would you pay for lunch?
        of us will contribute from our taxes during our lifetime.                                                                              On Defence bases the cost to Defence of a meal
                                                                                                                                               varies from as little as a few dollars up to $60
                                                                                                                                               or more. Why is there this variance? We clearly
                                                                                                                                               need to ensure people have access to quality
                                                                                                                                               food, including in remote areas, but no-one can
                                                                                                                                               argue that Defence should be paying $60 for a
                                                                                                                                               lunch worth a few dollars.
                                                                                                                                         Reform will not happen if it is left to a few in Russell
                                                                                                                                         Offices. It needs to engage all of us. It needs the
                                                                                                                                         commitment of all of us. Most importantly, it needs
                                                                                                                                         everyone in Defence to see themselves as leaders of
                                                                                                                                         reform; looking for ways to be more efficient.
                                                                                                                                               People are often discouraged from proposing
                                                                                                                                         change because it has been rejected in the past
                                                                                                                                         or because it contravenes a policy. The SRP is the
                                                                                                                                         opportunity to change that outlook. We can review
                                                                                                                                         policy if it is not sensible and by adopting a ‘we can
                                                                                                                                         if…’ approach to make real and sustainable changes.
                                                                                                                                               But as well as thinking about reforms, people also
                                                                        Darwin. Improvements
                                                n's Mess at RAAf base                                                                    need to be prepared to accept change. We need to be
         AbOve: Lun  ch is served at the Airme              ed under the strategic Reform Program.
                                  as this have been identifi                                                                             realistic in our expectations and be willing to accept
         catering services such                                                                                                          different ways of doing business.
22       Photo: CPL Michael Davis
AIr ForCe

                  Business improvement
                  leads to lean machine
                  By FLTLT Shannon Farrington

       ean thinking will be the way
       forward for the Australian                                                                      LefT: Members of 1css work on their new tasking
       Defence force in times where                                                                    area and a cleaner, more productive workplace.
       economic pressures combine
                                                                                                       beLOW LefT: A great result, a faster turnaround
       with the need to continue
                                                                                                       of jobs and less stress means happier customers
       support to regional and                                                                         and improved morale for the team in Logistics
 international operations.                                                                             flight 1ccs.

      Logistics Flight, No. 1 Combat
 Communications Squadron, with the assistance
 of Air Force Improvement, took part in a business
 improvement activity from March to April 2009.
 The aim of the process was to eliminate excess
 time and motion taken to complete equipment
 tasking for exercises and operations. The result
 was a leaner logistics support methodology.
      The major results were improvements in time
 and motion for carrying out tasks. The time taken
 to task equipment was reduced from two to three
 days to an average of 40 minutes. The distance
 a logistics flight member had to travel back and
 forth by foot or forklift to move equipment away
 on exercise was reduced from 2.5km to 1.5km.
 This dramatic reduction in itself means the flight
 is better equipped to deal with a high workload       standardise: Areas in the warehouse                1CCS is a busy Squadron, with more than
 and morale improved as a result.                      were identified and clearly marked to         80 exercises, operations and external loans
      An unanticipated bonus was the identification    ensure standardised practises were used       completed in 2008. The role of 1CCS is to provide
 of $1.5 million of excess stock which was returned    for returning equipment. Clear bays           deployed communications to a single service,
 to the DNSDC storage system.                          were allocated to show equipment that is      joint or combined environment.
      Visual management techniques and the 5S          going away on exercise, needs technical            This includes a wide range of equipment from
 principle were the main tools used to identify        inspections, or needs to be disposed of.      combat net radios to deployed IT systems. The
 improvements in the warehouse environment.            shine: Equipment was checked and              logistics flight team not only manage the tasking
      sort: Items were sorted to identify what         cleaned, the floor of the warehouse was       and movement of all this equipment, but also have
      was being used regularly, less regularly and     painted and racking and shelves were          their day to day governance responsibilities like
      rarely/not at all. Items that were not used at   removed to open the area up.                  stocktaking and SCA management. Streamlining
      all, or were in surplus, were returned to the    sustain: All the staff are now proud of the   the processes for tasking equipment on exercises
      DNSDC storage system.                            product they have developed as a team, and    and operations has increased 1CCS’s ability to
      straighten: The items in high use were           the morale in the section is high. Members    manage the corporate governance workload as well
      moved to front areas of racking and the          have a vested interest in maintaining the     as train and develop professionally as logisticians.
      warehouse racking was re-arranged to make        warehouse to the standard it is now and       Read more at
      a more user friendly environment.                will keep it this way.                        raafweb/sites/afi
     DeFenCe MAterIeL orGAnIsAtIon

     cultivating future project managers
     By Shelley Daws

                 he success of the many                                  Deborah said the course was extremely rewarding
                 complex and challenging                            and provides participants with an opportunity to extend
              projects managed by the Defence                       themselves, to learn and to change.
              Materiel Organisation depends                              “We now have the skills and knowledge to look
              on the best and brightest project                     at a situation and very quickly identify the problem
              managers the industry has to                          and work toward a solution,” Deborah said.
        offer. but what happens when these                               One feature of the course is the international
        very project managers retire?                               study tour where students can experience first-
             Emerging trends within Australia, the United           hand the innovations and processes of leading
        Kingdom and the United States indicate a critical           global organisations such as the London Olympic
        shortfall in senior project managers. Until recently,       Development Authority, BAE Astute Submarine
        there has not been an adequate succession plan to           project in the UK, and Lockheed Martin’s Joint Strike
        resolve this issue.                                         Fighter project in the USA.
             But in 2007, Defence and several global                     “Ideally what we should be doing as a project
        government and industry organisations worked together
                                                                    management community is sharing our knowledge
        to develop the competency standard for complex
                                                                    and working with people around the world to do
        project managers. From this, the Executive Masters in
                                                                    things better,” Deborah said.                             Delivered as an intensive one-year
        Complex Project Management course was developed
                                                                         “By visiting the United Kingdom and United           program, the executive Masters
        and delivered.                                                                                                        in complex Project Management
             Developed by DMO and the Queensland University         States of America we experienced Defence
                                                                                                                              is a highly intensive, interactive,
        of Technology (QUT), the course is a world-first and        Industry projects on a global scale and it gave us an     problem-based course where
        aims to accelerate the advancement of senior staff          understanding that industries around the world are        students experience real challenges
        members and industry partners who are responsible           facing similar challenges in project management.”         in the complex project management
        for managing highly-demanding projects on behalf of              Now in its second year, the course continues         environment. students develop a
        the ADF.                                                    to exceed expectations. Daniel Kopunic is a student       range of skills such as:
             The course is designed to challenge students
                                                                    in this year’s course and provided an insight into his
        to reflect on themselves and how others perceive
                                                                    experience so far.                                        ■ innovative and creative problem
        them. It provides a learning framework to build
        their leadership, team building, problem solving and             “We talk about the ambiguous nature of                 solving techniques
        decision-making skills.                                     contemporary projects, and it’s like we’re learning a     ■ advanced communication skills
             DMO's Ms Deborah Hein and Mr Stephen Onus              new language,” Daniel said.
                                                                                                                              ■ personal awareness and the affect
        were participants on the 2008 pilot course and both              “This course is the cornerstone for the next
                                                                                                                                on others
        said it has had lasting effects.                            development phase of my life and I will continue to
                                                                                                                              ■ systems thinking
             “This is not just project management 101,”             refer to the knowledge I have gained in the course for
        Stephen said. “It questions the way you behave and                                                                    ■ strategic management of complex projects
                                                                    years to come.”
        asks you to think about yourself, and whether you can                                                                   including stakeholder management, risk
                                                                         Since last year’s pilot course, the DMO senior
        achieve better outcomes by doing things differently.                                                                    and issues management, performance and
                                                                    executive has repeatedly commented on the
             “The way QUT have developed the program is                                                                         financial management, strategic business
                                                                    observable changes in leadership and decision               planning, accountability and governance,
        different as every single lecture is co-facilitated by an
        academic and an experienced practitioner.                   making behaviour evident in the graduates of the            and managing contract relations and
             “They have leading practitioners for each              Executive Masters in Complex Project Management.            contract law, and
        theoretical component, and create a fantastic balance            But as Deborah Hein points out, everyone can         ■ leadership.
        between the theory and its practical application.”          benefit from the course, not only the DMO.
                                                                                                                  defence magazine ›

                                                                                                                                                   By Anne Miller

ass                                                                 DMO InstItute
                                                                    fronts challenge to professionalise
                                                                    At the recent Defence + Industry
                                                                    conference in Adelaide, chief executive
                                                                                                                                     The Institute also targets areas of skill
                                                                                                                               development such as materiel logistics – a critical
                                                                                                                               skill for the sustainment and inventory reform being
                                                                    Officer of the Defence Materiel
                                                                                                                               pursued under Defence's Strategic Reform Program.
                                                                    Organisation (DMO) Dr steve gumley                         Until the Institute developed materiel logistics
                                                                    said “it is the youth of today who will be                 competencies and qualifications in 2008, there wasn’t
                                                                    building the submarines of tomorrow”.                      a recognised development program for this group.
                                                                          This statement is at the forefront of DMO                  Now the Institute offers a structured
                                                                    Institute’s challenge to deliver the skilled people that   development program of competency-based
                                                                    the DMO needs. The Institute’s programs target the         workplace logbooks and courses at introductory,
                                                                                                                               practitioner and manager level that result in
                                                                    DMO’s core acquisition and sustainment business
                                                                                                                               vocational qualifications at Certificate IV, Diploma or
                                                                    – project management, logistics, engineering,
                                                                                                                               Advanced Diploma level.
                                                                    procurement and contracting, with professionalisation
                                                                                                                                     The other key area of skilling highlighted by the
                                                                    frameworks for each of these areas.
                                                                                                                               DCP is complex project leadership. The DMO is the
                                                                          Since the Institute originated in 2005, it has
                                                                                                                               business process owner on project management. The
                                                                    grown to a virtual college that delivers the training
                                                                                                                               Institute offers a suite of courses and qualifications
                                                                    and professional development needed to support
                                                                                                                               from the Diploma in Project Management right
                                                                    DMO’s business. Institute programs are provided
                                                                                                                               up to the Executive Masters in Complex Project
                                                                    in the capital cities and major regional locations
                                                                                                                               Management (see article on this page). This Masters
                                                                    around Australia where the DMO has a presence.
                                                                                                                               degree was developed by Queensland University of
                                                                          The DMO Institute now offers a program of            Technology in conjunction with the DMO and partner
AbOve: Participants from DMO discuss ideas as part
                                                                    more than 45 practitioner, vocational, tertiary and        organisations in the United Kingdom and United
of their course in executive project management.
                                                                    higher education courses as well as an extensive           States for project managers to manage the most
                                                                    professional certification program for DMO's               complex defence acquisition projects, such as the
           “The course is developing managers in complexity,        workforce. The Institute's achievements have been          new generation submarines and Joint Strike Fighter.
     regardless of industry sector, and its success has already     very impressive in a short time.                                 The DMO Institute courses are specific to DMO
     seen it in demand from organisations and industries                  Since 2006, the Institute has put more than          and, by extension, Defence industry business. The
     worldwide,” Deborah said.                                      9,000 participants through training short courses,         Institute recently undertook a survey of Defence
           “It’s the only course of its kind in the world that      957 through its Gateway and Catalyst leadership            industry to confirm this and assess the level of
     is run in this way. We have had international students         programs and 280 through post-graduate programs.           interest in opening DMO Institute courses to industry.
     and now the United States and Canada are looking to            The DMO values the achievement of professional             This has been very positively welcomed and will
     establish the program.”                                        certification – 71 per cent of its professionals in        happen by the end of this year. The DMO Institute
           Coordinated by the DMO Institute, the program            project management, engineering and technical,             courses are also open to all Defence staff.
     is open to Defence employees, Defence industry and             accountancy and law are certified or are undertaking             More information on the DMO Institute and its
     employees from other Government departments. The               certification, which recognises that DMO professional      programs, are available on the website http://intranet.
                                                                    meet the rigorous industry-wide standards.       
     course is targeted at experienced project managers
     who are typically toward the top of their level at the
     rank of EL1 or lieutenant colonel (equivalent) or higher.
           Next year will see the scope of the course               150tH sKilling AGREEMENT SIGNED
     broadened to include an option for strategic
     procurement, meaning students will have                        Australia’s only thermal treatments company to                  “The agreement will provide this small to medium
     the choice of studying either complex project                  be part of the f-35 Joint strike fighter Project has       enterprise with an additional 20 training opportunities
     management or strategic procurement for the last                                                                          over and above the company’s normal training
                                                                    signed on as the 150th business to commit to the
     six units of the course.                                                                                                  program,” Minister for Defence Personnel, Materiel
                                                                    skilling Australia’s Defence Industry (sADI) Program.      and Science, Mr Greg Combet said.
           “It’s not a holiday, it is hard work – but if I could,
     I’d do it again tomorrow,” Deborah said.                           The agreement represents a joint commitment                 The Australian Government has committed
           For further information on the Executive Masters         on the part of the Defence Materiel Organisation           more than $43 million from the SADI Program funds
                                                                                                                               to address the unique character of many defence-
     in Complex Project Management, contact Frances                 (DMO) and Heat Treatment Australia (QLD) Pty Ltd
                                                                                                                               relevant skills and the rising demand associated
     Costa in the DMO Institute on (02) 6265 5570 or visit          to spend more than $126,000 on defence-specific            with the ongoing modernisation and expansion of
     the link on the DMO Intranet website.
                                                                    technical training.                                        the Australian Defence Force’s capability.
     DeFenCe suPPort

        A head start to uNiversity

                     ou may be closer to achieving
                     your university qualification
                    than you realise.
                       The The Australian Defence Force
                 Higher Education Advanced Standing
                 (ADFHEAS) Scheme provides a pathway
        between ADF education and training to
        internationally recognised qualifications, including
        undergraduate degrees, graduate certificates,
        graduate diplomas and masters degrees, at 24
        participating universities across Australia.
              In signing the latest agreement with the
        University of Wollongong on behalf of Defence,
        Director General Defence Education and Training, Air
        Commodore (AIRCDRE) Ian Pearson said that while
        the early focus of the ADFHEAS Scheme was on
        post-graduate qualifications, the current priority is to
        provide opportunities for members to translate their
        trade qualifications into undergraduate degrees.
              “Members do not need to hold High School                   AbOve: Director general Defence education and Training Air commodore Ian Pearson signs the
        Certification (HSC) or equivalent to participate in the          MOu with the university of Wollongong's vice chancellor Professor gerard sutton.

        Scheme since the universities look at ADF career
        experience and trade training when working out the level
        of advanced standing offered,” AIRCDRE Pearson said.                     This scheme represents a win for the ADF, a
              “We have 14 universities offering pathways
        for members to translate their trade qualifications
                                                                                 win for participating universities and a win

        to university degrees and are currently working                          for the broader community
        with other universities in this area.
              “We are also actively working at growing the                      - Director general Defence education and Training, Air commodore Ian Pearson
        number of universities involved with the Scheme to
        provide a range of geographic locations, a range of              Advanced Course and Intermediate Operations                     “Along with the advanced standing received
        courses and a range of delivery methods, ranging                 Course, they would be entitled to a Graduate               towards their chosen studies, serving ADF members
        from face to face classes to distance learning.”                 Diploma in Logistics Management.                           may also be eligible for a study assistance package
              The Scheme assists former and serving ADF members               This qualification can then be used to obtain         through the Defence Assisted Study Scheme.
        receiving equivalent civilian recognition for Defence-specific   advanced standing for a Masters of Business                     AIRCDRE Pearson said that members that
        education and training, whether these be vocational              Administration (MBA) at a participating university,        serve in the ADF for greater periods and who gain
        qualifications (Certificate III to advanced diploma) or higher   which may result in up to 50 per cent of the               associated Defence qualifications are likely to gain
        education qualifications (degree or higher).                     required units of study being given as a credit.           greater advanced standing towards their studies.
              The ADFHEAS contact officer is able to issue                    Similarly, the Advanced Diploma Management                 “There has been positive feedback on the
        Certificates of Eligibility for expired qualifications,          (Air Maintenance Engineering), which maps                  scheme, including one case of a junior Navy officer
        which will be accepted by the universities                       advanced technical training, would provide advanced        who had made substantial progress towards
        participating in the ADFHEAS Scheme. These                       standing in an undergraduate degree course in either       completing a postgraduate qualification through
        qualifications may then count as credit or advanced              management or engineering, significantly reducing the      distance learning whilst on deployment in the Middle
        standing towards the chosen university course.                   length of study required to complete this qualification.   East Area of Operations,” AIRCDRE Pearson said.
              For example, if an ADF member has completed                     “This Scheme represents a win for the ADF, a               Details of the ADFHEAS Scheme are on both
        their Logistic Officers Intermediate Course,                     win for participating universities, and a win for the      the Defence intranet and the internet at: www.
        Intermediate Staff Course, Logistic Officers                     broader community,” AIRCDRE Pearson said.        

                                                                                    RIgHT: graduate
                                                                                    Development Program
                                                                                    study tour participants
                                                                                    Rebecca Moloney and

                                                                                    Kristie Jongkind.

experience the sharp
end of Defence

         efence graduates are getting                     first of the 2009 study tours was a rewarding and           Simulation System (WTSS). The Army’s 1st Brigade
                                                          enjoyable experience for all.                               was on exercise at the Mount Bundy Training
         a taste of what it really
                                                                “Sixty five graduates attended this year's study      Centre, so the group travelled to Mount Bundy to
         means to work alongside and                      tours, of which there were two, one in May and the          experience 1st Brigade’s capability.
         support our Defence forces                       other in August,” Julie-Ann said.                                The week culminated with a visit to RAAF Base
         thanks to a new scheme                                 “During this tour, graduates met the serving          Tindal. Along the way, the graduates visited the
                                                          members of the ADF who may well be affected by              Adelaide River War Graves Cemetery where they
 providing study tours to regional
                                                          decisions they make back in Canberra in the future.”        had a sombre reminder of the sacrifices made by our
 Defence bases and establishments.                              This year’s tour also provided opportunities for      Service personnel and civilians during the bombings
                                                          graduates to experience first hand, both operational        of Darwin during WWII and visited the resting place
      The tours form part of Defence’s annual             and support elements of Defence.                            of Wing Commander Archibald R.Tindal for whom
 Graduate Development Program (GDP) managed by                  “The more exposure the graduates have to ADF          RAAF Tindal is named.
 the Defence Education Training and Development           members, in conjunction with briefings on various                At RAAF Tindal, graduates visited 75 (Fighter)
 team, within Defence Support Group (DSG). The            areas visited, the more valuable,” Julie-Ann said.          Squadron where they had the opportunity to sit in
 GDP is designed to recruit high-calibre university             The tour to the Northern Territory included a visit   the cockpit of an F/A-18 Hornet and take a test flight
 graduates across a wide range of disciplines into        to HMAS Coonawarra where graduates experienced              in the simulator.
 successful careers with Defence.                         a rigid hull inflatable boat ride. They also visited the         “A visit to the Military Working Dog section
      The 10-month program is a carefully-managed         Northern Territory’s other military bases, including        highlighted the diversity of capabilities within our
 introduction to Defence that combines three              RAAF Base Darwin where Headquarters Northern                Defence Force,” Julie-Ann said.
 varied work rotations with a range of training and       Command (NORCOM) and Northern Forces Command                     “The tour was a wonderful experience for
 development opportunities, all designed to provide       provided an insight to military and civil maritime          the graduates and a unique opportunity to better
 graduates with a strong basis upon which to build        surveillance and response operations.                       understand the work of our armed forces and to put
 their careers as public servants in Defence.                   Robertson Barracks gave the graduates the             into perspective the work they will do to support the
      GDP project officer Julie-Ann Calvi said the        opportunity to fire a steyr on the Weapon Training          ADF capability.”

Improving access to training and
development information online
The Defence education Training                          In launching the DETD Explorer website, the                   The Explorer website incorporates:
and Development (DeTD) explorer                         Director-General of Defence Education, Training                  ■ training and courses
website was recently launched,                          and Development, Air Commodore (AIRCDRE) Ian
                                                                                                                         ■ study support
providing a single integrated portal                    Pearson, thanked website authors Steve Funnell
                                                        and Beck Cliff.                                                  ■ workplace qualifications, and
through which Defence staff can
access information on the wide range                         “Through the Explorer website Defence                       ■ professional development
of professional development services                    employees now have quick and easy access to
                                                                                                                         ■ analysing the need for training
                                                        first-level support for training and development
and opportunities.                                                                                                       ■ training design and development, and
                                                        opportunities for both individual and organisational
                                                        needs,” AIRCDRE Pearson said.                                    ■ training delivery and evaluation.

Why not take the opportunity to explore the education, training and development opportunities in Defence at


                                       Open displ

                                                   ith their families
                                                   watching proudly from
                                                  the sideline, the Defence
                                                 Indigenous Development
                                                Program participants
                                               demonstrated their new
                                     skills at an open day held in August.
                                           As part of a seven-month pilot program to
                                     give remote Indigenous people a combination of
                                     military and vocational education and training, the
                                     students displayed a variety of skills ranging from
                                     fencing and welding to quad-biking and computing.
                                           The Defence Indigenous Development
                                     Program (DIDP) Program Manager, CAPT Adam
                                     Baden-Clay, said the students were able to
                                     demonstrate skills that many did not have prior to
                                     starting a couple of months ago.
                                           "We had one student from quite a traditional
                                     community who had never touched a computer in
                                     his life prior to coming on this course, but he was
                                     able to show his family how to search online for
                                     information which was pretty incredible,” said
                                     CAPT Baden-Clay.
                                           The Charles Darwin University's Katherine Rural
                                     Campus hosted the students' family members for
                                     the day, giving them the chance to see the progress
                                     the students had made over the past three months.
                                           "Many trainees’ families had to take leave
                                     from work and travel long distances to be here,
                                     which is a humbling indication of their commitment
                                     to supporting their loved ones on the program.
                                           "You could really see the pride in the faces of
                                     families, they were very impressed with what they
                                     saw and of course the students were keen to show
                                     everyone around.
                                           "Because the families farewell their
                                     husbands, fathers, sons and brothers for a long
                                     period of time while they are away studying
                                     on this course, we wanted them to see for
                                     themselves the importance of their sacrifice and
                                     the great long-term benefit that they and their
                                     communities will enjoy as a result."
                                           It is expected that their communities will
                                     benefit greatly from the new skills that the
 RIgHT: Private Jeremiah Nugget from Hodgson Downs leads
 a single file patrol formation during a walk-through with
 lesser-experienced recruits on the Defence Indigenous
 Development Program, for a military component of their
 work in the scrub near the NORfORce Katherine Depot in the
 Northern Territory. Photo: Gunner Shannon Joyce

lay of                                                                                                                      strategy

ous development                                                             By Leila Daniels
                                                                                                                            The Army Indigenous strategy, which
                                                                                                                            is a component of the Army People
                                                                                                                            Plan, aims to increase the number
                                                                                                                            of Indigenous members in the Army
                                                                                                                            and support the government’s goal
                                                                                                                            of closing the gap.

         students have learnt during the course, but some         an assistant manager on a station, an aboriginal          The strategy seeks to:
         of the other benefits would be harder to quantify.       community police officer, a sea ranger or working         ■ maximise capability
               "There are definitely indirect benefits such as    with Parks and Wildlife," CAPT Baden-Clay said.
                                                                                                                            ■ attract indigenous people to serve
         increased self confidence and self esteem. They                “Of course we would be thrilled if our
                                                                                                                              in the Army by promoting Army as an
         will influence other young people in the community       graduates go on to join the full time ADF, but              employer of choice
         who will possibly think 'one of our own has gone         there is no compulsion – the intention is that they
                                                                                                                            ■ maximise the effect of recruiting and
         off and done this, I can too."                           achieve continuous employment of their choice.
               The Program has progressed very well with                "The opportunities are huge and it could even
                                                                                                                            ■ build community relationships, and
         the students having completed their recruit military     be in an area that is completely unrelated.
         training and about half way towards completing                 "We are in regular touch with potential employers   ■ align all Army and Defence-related
         the vocational requirements of the course. They          and we have invited several prospective employers to        indigenous programs.
         are working towards completing the requirements          visit the course and see first hand what the trainees     Director of Workforce Strategy-Army, Colonel
         for Certificate II in Rural Operations and Certificate   are doing – there is great interest out there."           Scott Hicks said the pilot DIDP had been an
         II in General Education for Adults.                            As the Program manager, CAPT Baden-                 integral part of Army's Indigenous Strategy
               "Some of the students are currently conducting     Clay reckons he has one of the best jobs in the           and was hopeful that the program could be
         on-the-job training and work experience with Northern    world: being able to actively participate in the          expanded next year.
         Territory Police or with the Indigenous Pastoral         development of Indigenous people.
                                                                                                                            "The DIDP has the potential to be a life-
         Program on a large cattle station outside Broome.              "This is such a valuable program and I
                                                                                                                            changing experience for the participants while
               "The students perhaps see this as a light at       have had the opportunity to visit the remote
                                                                                                                            providing the positive experience of being a
         the end of the tunnel, and it is our hope that this      communities where these guys come from. It
                                                                                                                            Soldier in the Army," COL Hicks said.
         experience will make them much more employable           makes it worthwhile when you get to meet people
         as a result of already having this under their belts,"   in these communities who come up and ask me,              "These young men are future leaders and whether
         CAPT Baden-Clay said.                                    how can I join up for the next course? "                  they return to their community, pursue a future as
               Defence’s Director of Indigenous Affairs Soozie          Commanding Officer, LTCOL Chris Goldston,           Regular or Reserve soldiers, or take up a different
         Parker attended the open day and was pleased with        said several of the participants were inducted into       career, both the individual and the Army benefit.”
         how the course was progressing.                          the course as new members of North West Mobile
               "Attending the DIDP Open Day in Katherine          Force (NORFORCE).
         provided me with renewed energy to keep up                     “Significantly, at least half of the participants
         the pace in implementing Defence’s ambitious             were current serving NORFORCE soldiers,
         agenda in creating career opportunities for              identified for their leadership potential. This
         Indigenous Australians," Ms Parker said.                 course seeks to bridge the education gap that will
               "The participants demonstrated great               allow that potential to be realised in NORFORCE
         enthusiasm for their studies and the pride on the        and in their communities," he said.
         faces of their families and loved ones is something            “The success of the program can largely
         I will never forget.                                     be attributed to NORFORCE's strong links to the
               "It was encouraging to see how much has been       Northern Territory / Kimberley community.
         achieved in such a short period of time, demonstrating         "Our relationship has been built up over nearly
         the commitment of everyone concerned. These young        30 years of training young men of the region to be
         men should be very proud of what they have achieved      soldiers. We have high military standards and a
                                                                                                                            AbOve: students studying the horsemanship
         to date and I look forward to warmly congratulating      common culture or 'one skin' in NORFORCE which
                                                                                                                            phase of their course at the Katherine Rural
         them at the end of the program." What can the            is the key to our continued success.
                                                                                                                            college pose for a group photo in the stables
         participants expect from the rest of the year?                 "Basically our soldiers bring a professional        during the Defence Indigenous Development
               "They will graduate in mid December and the        maturity to courses like this and that is what            Program in the Northern Territory.
         intention is that they will be able to walk straight     makes the DIDP a really unique course,"                   Photo: Gunner Shannon Joyce
         into continuous full-time employment - such as           LTCOL Goldston said.

                                   LeADers FuTuRE
     By Major Clare Kellaway, Wing Commander howie Edwards and Ms Geraldine Gibson

                 he ninth Australian                                the past and are likely to encounter in future                  As well as the formal social activities such
                 command and staff course                           command appointments is at times confronting               as the International Day and the Winter Ball, the
                                                                    but essential for all military professionals.              curriculum allows for more casual opportunities
              (Acsc) is being conducted this                             The calibre of guest presenters at the ACSC           to interact and socialise. Wednesday afternoons
              year at the Australian Defence                        is impressive, ranging from past governor-generals         are reserved, where possible, for course members
              college, Weston creek,                                and military leaders, through to the current senior        to take part in team sporting activities. Canberra
              canberra. The course brings                           Defence leadership team. This year’s line-up has           provides a wealth of opportunities for sport that
        together officers from the Australian                       included the Chief of the Botswana Defence Force,          includes sailing and rowing on Lake Burley Griffin
                                                                    the internationally known strategist, Dr Norman            and mountain biking at Mount Stromlo.
        Regular and Reserve military, the                           Friedman, and a team of Defence personnel who
        Australian Public service, other                            served in Rwanda during the Kibeho Massacre.
        government departments such as the                               Through open forum and syndicate discussions          Academic qualifications
        Australian federal Police, along with                       course members are encouraged to challenge                       In addition to the primary goal of earning
        officers from more than 20 allied and                       the views presented and develop a broader                  the accreditation of Passed Staff College (Joint),
                                                                    understanding of strategic issues.                         ACSC offers an excellent opportunity to earn credit
        partner countries.
                                                                                                                               towards a Masters degree. The University of New
                                                                                                                               South Wales (UNSW) is responsible for the delivery
              The diverse range of backgrounds of the course        Lifestyle, study and balance                               of a number of the core and elective courses
        members and the currency of their operational
                                                                          For course members, one of the most welcome          throughout the year at ACSC and awards graduate
        experience provides a unique environment where
                                                                    aspects is the ability to regain some balance              credits for their courses.
        new concepts can be explored and contemporary
                                                                    between work and lifestyle. The program and self-                With a little extra work it is possible to gain
        operational issues can be debated.
                                                                    directed study time provides workplace flexibility         a Graduate Certificate or Graduate Diploma in
              Commandant of the Australian Command and
                                                                    and is a refreshing change from the demanding              Defence Studies from the UNSW during the year
        Staff College Brigadier Wayne Goodman said: “the
                                                                    appointments and operational deployments that              at ACSC. This may be converted to a Master of
        opportunity to establish firm professional and personal
                                                                    course members may have come from.                         Arts in Strategy and Policy or a Masters of Arts in
        relationships with the future leaders of Australian,
                                                                          The daily routine at ACSC is designed to be          Strategy and Management with the completion of
        allied and partner forces is an invaluable one”.
              The ACSC is designed to prepare officers and          fairly consistent and manageable. The working day          two additional courses through UNSW which can be
        officials for command and staff appointments in             usually begins at 8.30am and the final programmed          studied by distance education.
        integrated, joint and single Service environments           event will normally conclude before 5pm. The                     Naval officers and civilians who undertake the
        at the O5 level by promoting excellence in                  weekends are free except for a few weekends                Navy Single Service module also complete a course
        military operations and leadership. The one-year            spent travelling in Australia and overseas for the         of instruction through the University of Wollongong
        course demonstrates the strong commitment of                Joint Capability Tour and Overseas Study Tour. This        which can be converted to a Graduate Certificate
        the Australian Defence Organisation towards                 provides ample opportunity for course members to           in Maritime Studies with the completion of an
        developing its people.                                      spend time with their families and pursue hobbies          additional essay. A Masters in Maritime Studies is
              d that.                                               and sporting interests.                                    available to those who complete a further research
                                                                          The ethos behind the scheduling for the              paper on a subject of their choice approved by the
        The White Paper process                                     ACSC is to balance the educational needs of                University of Wollongong.
              TThe ACSC curriculum covers topics such as            the college while allowing course members the                    Ms Geraldine Gibson, who was most recently
        critical thinking and planning skills, strategic studies,   opportunity to socialise.                                  employed in the International Policy Division and has
        regional and global security, counter-terrorism,                  As Wing Commander Howie Edwards of                   pursued the additional studies said: “As a Defence
        leadership and planning in joint operations.                the Royal Air Force said: “I just like waking up in        civilian, I feel that it is a real privilege to be a part
              One of the recent additions to the program            Australia everyday, but the highlight of the course        of a military learning environment with people who
        has been the introduction of a dedicated module             for me has been the opportunity to network.                have a wealth of operational knowledge.
        on ethics. Director of the Centre for Defence                     “Everyday at mornos, I meet someone new and                “It is also very rewarding for me to share my
        Leadership and Ethics Mr Jamie Cullens, said                hear a different perspective on current Defence issues.”   knowledge of the broader Defence organisation.
        the introduction of ethics studies is due to the                  The Officers’ Mess at Weston Creek is                Overall, it is a fantastic year.”
        recognition that ethics lies at the absolute core of        reputed to be one of the best in Canberra and                    More information on the Australian Command
        what defines the military as the warrior profession.        with a vibrant and multi-national membership it            and Staff Course can be obtained from career
              The opportunity for course members to                 provides an excellent venue for everything from            management agencies or found at the website:
30      analyse ethical dilemmas they have faced in                 happy hours to formal dinners.                   

By LCDR Fenn Kemp

        ultural change is never easy                     “Navy has its share of behavioural aberrations        Some 25 per cent of Navy’s new entrants and
         and chief of Navy vice                     but what organisation with more than 13,000           more than half of those young people taking part in
         Admiral (vADM) Russ crane                  people in it can claim to be perfect? However,        Navy’s Gap Year program are female.
         is determined to succeed.                  when these aberrations occur there is no tolerance         Regardless of their gender, CN says Navy
                                                    for them in our Navy,” VADM Crane said.               is working hard to develop a contemporary,
                “That’s not to say that Navy is          NGN places a particular emphasis on people,      supportive 21st century workplace culture, which
        broken – far from it,” VADM Crane           performance and professionalism. Navy’s 10 new        respects the contribution of every individual and
said, “but I firmly believe we can improve and      signature behaviours focus on the treatment and       provides opportunities for all to excel.
strengthen key aspects of what we do.”              well-being of Navy’s people.                               “Navy people embrace the concept of
     Since the New Generation Navy initiative was        CN says the New Generation Navy program          giving everyone a fair go – they are intolerant
launched in April this year, a significant amount   also recognises that Navy members are judged          of discrimination whether this is on the basis of
of work has gone in to re-shaping both Navy’s       by a higher standard. “Sometimes this is              gender, ethnicity, sexuality, religious affiliation or
structure and the way Navy operates. During that    challenging but Navy behavioural standards are        other grounds,” CN said.
time, Navy has found its cultural direction the     set to meet the expectations of the Australian             “The men and women in the Royal
subject of newspaper headlines.                     public that we serve.”                                Australian Navy pride themselves on their
     VADM Crane said respect for the                     The facts speak for themselves.                  commitment to serving their country as a diverse
contribution of every individual is a key focus          Eighteen per cent of Navy’s trained workforces   team of people who reflect the positive aspects
of the NGN reform program.                          are women – the highest percentage in the ADF.        of Australian society.”

 seAHAwKs                                                                                                 20 YeArs
                                                                                                          oF serVICe
Navy’s seahawk helicopters,
home-based at 816 squadron
at HMAs Albatross, recently
celebrated 20 years of service to
the Royal Australian Navy.
    The Seahawks have flown more than
60,000 hours of operations and have been
involved in every major Navy operation
during the past 20 years. This has included
operations in the Middle East, East Timor, the
Solomon Islands and more recently in support
of anti-piracy in the Gulf of Aden.
    The Seahawks have also been called on
to support the civil community during fire,
contributing to the 1998 Sydney to Hobart
yacht race rescue efforts and bushfire
support and major flood relief efforts.
    The Seahawk helicopter is equipped with
                                                                                   pter escorts
a range of integrated sensors and weapons               A Navy seahawk helico
                                                                                     ney Harbour
systems which makes the aircraft a vital                a fleet of frigates into syd
                                                                                  fleet Review.
element in Navy’s combat capability.                    earlier this year for the


        trAInInG For A
                                                  By Captain Steve elmS

          new GenerAtIon oF nAVY
                                      This bringing trained individuals together into
                                      working teams is the responsibility of the

                                      Australian Fleet Sea Training Group (STG).

LefT: cryptological systems submariners
(cTssM) training in HMAs Collins' submarine
electronic Warfare Office. from left: Able seaman                                                                  defence magazine ›
cryptological systems submariner Allan garty,
seaman cryptological systems submariner fiona
Kellaway and Leading seaman cryptological
systems submariner Tracey small.

            hanges have been identified                        their training programs. Electronics training now                  TA-ITLM has responsibility for the conduct
            for the train function of New                      incorporates the use of a computer-based learning             of through career Leadership, Management and
            generation Navy’s (NgN)                            package to enable flexible delivery of initial technical      Personal Development (LMPD) training for both
                                                               training, and the Marine Technician training regime           sailors and officers.
            raise, train and sustain
                                                               is currently undergoing a significant re-structure                 Initial entry training on first joining the Navy is
            philosophy – ensuring the
                                                               under the Marine Technician (MT) 2010 Project.                undertaken at the Recruit School (HMAS Cerberus)
            right people, with the right                                                                                     for sailors, and at the Royal Australian Naval
            skills, are developed at the                       Training Authority Maritime                                   College (RANC) (HMAS Creswell) for officers.
    right time to do their job at sea.                         Warfare (TA-MW)                                               Advanced LMPD training courses are conducted at
          The inaugural Commodore Training is                        The team at TA-MW are busy working on a review          the Sailors’ Leadership and Management Faculty
    Commodore (CDRE) Daryl Bates, and his prime focus          of warfare training structures to better align training for   (at both Fleet Bases East and West) and at the
    is now on exploiting the synergies, effectiveness          the future needs that will arise with the introduction        Management and Strategic Studies Faculty (RANC).
    and benefits of positioning all Navy Training              of the Air Warfare Destroyer, Landing Helicopter Dock
    resources and systems under the one Command.               (LHD) ships, and the Aegis radar system. This will be         Training Authority submarines (TA-sM)
          “Much of Navy’s approach to this New                 a significant task for the TA-MW team as they are                  The fifth and final training authority, TA-SM,
    Generation Training philosophy hinges on better            responsible for more than 150,000 training days per           is responsible to Commodore Training for the
    linking shore and at sea-training under one                year and deliver training in New South Wales, Western         management of all submarine training in support of
    seamless continuum,” CDRE Bates said.                      Australia, Victoria and Canberra.                             a skilled and sustainable workforce for the Collins
          “In the past, where separate Commands in                   In support of NGN, TA-MW has already                    Class Submarine.
    Navy were responsible for different parts of the           initiated a review of many aspects of how they do                  At the working level, TA-SM’s primary
    various training continuums, difficulties sometimes        business, including the Combat System Operator                customers are the Submarine Force (SMFOR), and
    arose in achieving a totally coordinated and               course. They have also committed to Project                   the submarines. Other customers include the Fleet
    synchronised training effort.”                             Phoenix to investigate how best to stream Sonar               Command (FC) for Command Team Training and the
          Whilst the Navy’s five training authorities remain   and Technical Data Link specialists within the                Submarine Escape and Rescue Centre (SERC) for
    largely unchanged structurally under NGN, there            Electronic Warfare category.                                  training quality assurance.
    has been much change in developing supporting                                                                                 “Navy also operates as a team, where
    organisations to better deliver the New Generation         Training Authority Aviation (TA-AvN)                          collective training is the end state to achieving
    Training outcomes. Included in here are the Director of         Responsible for all aviation-related training in
                                                                                                                             capability,” CDRE Bates said.
    Navy Training Policy (DNTP) and the Director of Navy       the Navy, TA-AVN's responsibilities include training
                                                                                                                                  “Bringing trained individuals together
    Training Activities (DNTA), both at the Captain level.     at the Naval Aviation Training Centre, HMAS
                                                                                                                             into working teams is the responsibility of the
          “DNTP will be responsible for all training policy,   Albatross and the management of all Navy aviation
                                                                                                                             Australian Fleet Sea Training Group (STG).”
    governance, simulation, flexible learning, development,    training conducted externally throughout the ADF.
                                                                                                                                  CDRE Bates said that while commanding
    projects and accreditation,” CDRE Bates said.                   Training sections include Flight Deck Training
                                                                                                                             officers of ships are ultimately responsible for the
          “DNTA will be the link between shore and at          and Helicopter Underwater Escape Training (HUET)
                                                                                                                             effective operation of their team, the STG provides
    sea-training and, with the Sea Training Group (STG)        to Fleet units, all post initial employment training for
                                                                                                                             the additional oversight and best practice to
    and Commanders of both individual and collective           the Aviation Technician category including Advanced
                                                                                                                             prepare Navy’s people for everyday activities and
    training, will ensure that the training product            Technical Training and the Seahawk, Squirrel and
                                                                                                                             mission-specific operations.
    delivered at sea meets the ultimate capability needs.”     Sea King helicopter equipment application courses.
                                                               Systems such as the Seahawk Simulated Aircraft                     “By way of analogy, where the ship’s company
          This new way of linking all training together
    with all assets available, will allow Navy to better       Maintenance Trainer and the Printed Circuit Card              is the footy team, STG are the skills coaches,
    position itself for the future. So what are Navy           Repair Laboratory greatly enhance TA-AVN’s ability            umpires and strappers that help bring the team to
    training authorities doing to deliver what is needed       to provide training that is state of art.                     their best performance,” CDRE Bates said.
    now and in the future?                                                                                                        “The Sea Trainers themselves are at the top of
                                                               Training Authority Initial Training,                          their trade as practical and experienced operators.
    Training Authority Logistics (TA-LOg)                      Leadership and Management (TA-ITLM).                          Although based ashore in Western Australia, Cairns
          Responsible for the individual training                   Taking care of Navy’s initial entry and                  and Sydney, the STG spend most of the year at sea
    of officers and sailors in a broad variety of              leadership training, TA-ITLM is located at both               in major ships, submarines and minor vessels.
    specialisations, TA-LOG is working on getting people       HMAS Creswell and HMAS Cerberus. But they also                     “They live alongside the ship’s team and
    into the Fleet sooner. The three major schools at          deliver some training and education via distance              coach them through different training activities,
    TA-LOG are embracing blended learning methods              means, as well as provide flexible delivery through           ranging from safety work-up weeks through to full
    to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of             the use of mobile training teams.                             mission rehearsals and assessments.”

     AIr ForCe

                  AviAtioN MedicAl
                  oFFICers                                                                                  By Flying OFFiCer melOdy earl

                 he RAAf Institute of Aviation                  night vision. Formal lectures are supplemented               matters affecting ADF aircrew, acting in an advisory
                 Medicine (AvMeD) plays                         by practical training evolutions with such practical         function to ADF health services. Furthermore, AVMED
              an important part in aviation                     experience being a unique and integral component of          also has primary responsibility for oversight of any
                                                                the training provided by AVMED.                              Aircrew Medical Employment Classification Reviews
              medicine training, research,
                                                                      Such practical evolutions include hypobaric            (AMECRs or Medical Boards) and confirmation of
              development and clinical
                                                                chamber training in decompression and hypoxia,               medical fitness for all ADF aircrew applicants.
              governance.                                       spatial disorientation using the Integrated                       AVMED is part of Development and Test Wing
                                                                Physiological Trainer and night-vision goggle (NVG)          (DT WG), belonging to Aerospace Operational
             ADF Aircrew are better prepared than ever          familiarisation using the NVG terrain board.                 Support Group (AOSG) and is a lodger unit on RAAF
        before to meet the physiological challenges of                AVMED also provides a core function in research        Base Edinburgh. The unit is staffed by a mixture
        flight at the edge of the aerospace envelope.           and development to ADF and other approved bodies,            of uniformed (RAAF & Army) and civilian (APS and
             A primary role of AVMED is the provision           both nationally and internationally, on both aeromedical     contractors) personnel, bringing with them a range of
        of aviation medicine training, with such training       and human factors matters. AVMED houses and                  specialised skills in aviation medicine, human factors
                                                                manages many specialised research tools in support of        and aeronautical life support.
        predominantly for aircrew, but also for a variety of
                                                                such research such as the laser anthropometry scanner             Earlier this year, Flying Officer (FLGOFF) Pamela
        specialist craft groups, such as ADF medical and
                                                                and an alveolar gas analyser and a thermal research          Wittmann graduated from the 01/09 Aviation Nursing
        nursing officers.
                                                                chamber. Such unique tools are supplemented by an            Officers (AVNO) course, receiving the Miss Margaret
             AVMED conducts training for approximately
                                                                extensive aeromedical library maintained onsite.             Lang Memorial Prize for the best performance in the
        1,000 students per year covering a range of subjects
                                                                      Another unique role that AVMED provides in             examinations. FLGOFF Witmann found the ANVO
        including altitude physiology, acceleration, ejection
                                                                support of ADF aircrew capability is the clinical aviation   course an intense two weeks but provided practical
        seat training, life support systems, motion sickness,
                                                                medicine governance function. AVMED is the centre            experience that will broaden her opportunities for
        aircrew health matters and visual physiology and
34                                                              of clinical aviation medicine expertise for any medical      deployments and exercises.
                                                                                                                   defence magazine ›

         “The staff at AVMED are extremely passionate                Building on the success of the AVMO Refresher          and access to their specialist skill set.
    about aviation medicine and this made the course           Course, AVMED plans to investigate offering a joint               “Specialist Reserve Medical Officers regularly
    thoroughly enjoyable,” FLGOFF Wittmann said.               course to both ADF AVMOs and Specialist Reserve              express an interest in the field and such a course may
         As part of the requirements of Health Directive       Medical Officers (SRMOs). The courses will be run in         provide an insight and exposure into many aspects of
    305, ADF Aviation Medical Officers (AVMOs) are to          conjunction but will differ subtly in focus and intent.      military aviation medicine within the ADF,” SQNLDR
    maintain currency with aviation medicine knowledge,              Such a training opportunity has been suggested         Storey said.
    training, equipment in support of current and future       in recognition of the significant contribution                    The team at AVMED is led by Commanding
    ADF aerospace operations. In recognition of the            continuously made by ADF SRMOs to achieving                  Officer Colonel John Turner and is known for its
    current operational tempo and the pace of new and          success of ADF operations. SRMOs also regularly              exceptional commitment to continuous improvement
    changing platform acquisitions by the ADF, AVMED           provide specialist input to AVMED on aircrew clinical        and self-assessment in line with the motto of the unit
    has just hosted the inaugural AVMO Refresher               matters but often their actual experience in the practice    - Salus Per Scientiam, Safety through Knowledge.
    course, a one-week intensive course designed for           and application of aviation medicine can be limited.
    currently practicing ADF AVMOs.                                  Chief Instructor, Squadron Leader Adam Storey
         The one-week course will now run annually             acknowledged the challenges faced by SRMOs.
    in conjunction with the formal AVMO course (five                 “With very busy civilian medical commitments,
    weeks), thus allowing cross-pollination between            Specialist Reserve Medical Officers can not often
    senior and experienced ADF AVMOs and those junior          attend the full five-week AVMO course and providing
    doctors undertaking the initial training required to       flexible learning opportunities for reserve members
    become ADF AVMOs.                                          may enhance both their involvement and retention

    skills log project
    delivers PreCIse ControL
                                                                                                                                                      Leading Aircraftmen David Holme,
                                                                                                                                                      Ryan Pratt and Michael Turon, from 2
                                                                                                                                                      Operational conversion unit, discuss their

                                                                                                                                                      Air force skills Logs with flight sergeant
                B F l   S S                                             y       light            ieutenant                  kye          mith         Marco brugnatti. Photo: LAC Craig Barrett

    The Air combat group’s (Acg) Air                           provide a basis for progressive task authorisation in        introduction of the skills log there has been an influence
    force skills Log project was initiated                     their Record of Training and Employment (RTE).               at the workshop level with section heads being able to
                                                                     The competency journal format was focussed             progressively task authorise fitters after an approved
    in 2008 with the primary purpose of
                                                               on providing fitters with an aerospace industry              aerospace assessor has assessed a competency.
    improving the group’s ability to deliver
                                                               certificate IV, whereas the skills log is focused on               Within months of arriving at 2OCU from the RAAF
    Australia's capability to control the air                  progressing fitters through a logical sequence of            School of Technical Training and after completing the
    and to conduct precision strikes.                          training, on-the-job experience and assessments              F/A-18 Hornet Safety and Familiarisation Course and
                                                               leading to progressive task authorisation.                   relevant fitters’ course, fitters have been assessed as
          Amendments to the ADF Aviation Maintenance                 Fitters will still receive their certificate IV upon   competent and consequently task authorised to work
    Management Manual AAP 7001.059B2(AM1) created              successful completion of the skills log, however ACG         on individual systems.
    a need within ACG to re-evaluate the way avionic           has also placed priority on ensuring that the fitter               “The fitter can now work on a job without being
    and aircraft-fitter personnel were being utilised and      workforce is able to be more effectively utilised in         accompanied by a mentor, freeing up a valuable person for
    developed in the aircraft maintenance environment.         the workplace and is able to progressively exercise          another job,” Senior Non-Commissioned Officer in Charge
          Air Combat Group identified that the vast            and expand their task authorisations over time. This         of Avionics, Flight Sergeant Marco Brugnatti said.
    majority of fitters were being employed mainly on          will better prepare them for their eventual role as                This in effect doubles the efficiency of the two
    flight line tasks while they progressed through their      qualified technicians. The skills log is the tool that       fitters over the competency journal system and gives
    competency journal. This, in effect, placed the bulk of    will help achieve this goal.                                 members a greater overall sense of belonging within
    the workload with the corporals and also did not provide         The project team has received positive feedback        the unit, leading to a more productive workforce and
    the most effective development of fitters to conduct       from squadrons on the functionality of the skills log        improved capability.
    Squadron-relevant tasks.                                   and statistics indicate ACG now has an increasingly                Senior Engineering Officer of 2OCU, Squadron
          Air Combat Group formed a Technical Workforce        more useable fitter workforce. The introduction of the       Leader Craig Darby said: “The ability to maintain
    Project Team for the purpose of developing a method        skills log has increased the number of authorisations        multiple aircraft in parallel with the same work force
    to deliver a more useable technical workforce with         in a fitter’s RTE.                                           strength is essential for 2OCU to maintain required
    the ability to generate additional serviceable aircraft.         In June 2009, the trend for an increase of             sortie generation rates, especially considering the
          The project team – in conjunction with the           competency assessments continued, with 36 per                effects of an aging F/A-18 platform”.
    Air Force Technical Trade Sponsor – developed              cent of competency assessments being able to                       The unit has seen a steady increase in personnel
    the Air Force Skills Log as a direct replacement           correlate to more than one skill, signifying the             effectiveness through progressive task authorisation
    for the competency journal in order to meet these          efficiency of the new program.                               since the introduction of the skills log, which has
    requirements. The driving force behind the skills log            The direct effect of the number of authorisations      translated to a far greater maintenance capability
    was the need to improve the process of recording           is evident at the operational level for units such as        and allowed the unit to sustain their required tempo.
    a fitter’s work history prior to assessment and to         No.2 Operational Conversion Unit (2OCU). Since the
     PeoPLe strAteGIes AnD PoLICY

       ThE ART oF career

        By Kelly Altenburg
                                                                                                                                    coaching &
                                                                                                                                   Mentoring (20%)


           earning and career development                         Key areas of focus:                                    Why should APS employees choose to use these
           initiatives for Defence Australian                                                                            tools as well as participating in the PFADS?
                                                                  Mutual responsibilities: Under the Defence                  "Focus groups conducted across the country
           Public service (APs) employees
                                                                  Employees Collective Agreement APS employees           in 2008 highlighted to my team that although
           are being progressed to ensure
                                                                  and their supervisors – including military             employees and supervisors believe APS learning and
                Defence retains and attracts
                                                                  supervisors – are jointly responsible the learning     career development is important, many are not sure
                a first-class APs workforce.
                                                                  and career development of APS employees.               how to start the career conversation," Ms Parr said.
             A key driver for success is facilitating strong      The Development Model (see figure): There are               "The tools we have introduced are designed to
        relationships between APS employees and their             many ways to address capability gaps. Formal           make starting and having this conversation much
        APS and military supervisors and managers.                training courses have a role play but should usually   easier for both employees and their supervisors and
                                                                  constitute about 10 per cent of the total learning     to ensure better alignment of employee development
             As a first step, the team from Leadership,
                                                                  and development solution. On-the-job training and      with Defence and Public Service needs."
        Values and Cultural Engagement (LVCE), with
                                                                  workplace coaching usually have a much larger               Noting that the current PFADS cycle is drawing
        help from staff in other Groups, has conducted
                                                                  role to play. Research shows that employees retain     to a close Ms Parr said: “This is an excellent time
        interactive information sessions across the country
                                                                  learning longer when given the opportunity to          to discuss learning and development needs. I
        throughout August and September. These sessions           apply in the workplace what they have learnt.          encourage all employees to take the next step and
        were designed to help strengthen learning                 conversation tools: The information sessions           book time with their supervisor. It might be the best
        and career development discussions between                introduced the following three tools designed to       career conversation that you have ever had”.
        employees and their supervisors and managers.             facilitate the employee/supervisor conversation:
             Separate sessions were designed for the                                                                     further information
        employee and supervisor audiences – both providing        ■ capability Identification Tool (separate tools            Further information on APS learning
        participants with tools and ideas to help have the          for the APS and Executive Levels) – assists          and career development, including the new
        career conversation, guidance on how to identify            employees in identifying their capability gaps       conversation tools and frameworks detailed in this
                                                                    against the Defence Leadership Framework, the        article, can be found on the Leadership Values and
        learning needs and also how to link the learning needs
                                                                    Management and Administration Framework,             Cultural Engagement website from 25 September
        to business requirements and future career roles.
                                                                    and the functional requirements of their current
             Director-General Executive Branch, People
                                                                    or aspirational job.

        Strategies and Policy Group, Ms Sue Parr said that
        the sessions were planned to coincide with the            ■ Development Plan – this tool is essentially                  It's important to remember
        September 2009 Performance Feedback Assessment
        and Development Scheme (PFADS) review.
                                                                    the employee's business case to their
                                                                                                                                 that successful learning and
                                                                    supervisor on how to bridge particular
             "It's important to remember that successful            capability gaps and identify any risk to the                 career development requires
        learning and career development requires that the           team's business objectives should the plan to                that the conversation
        conversation between employees and supervisors be           improve capability not be approved.
                                                                                                                                 between employees and

        ongoing, not just a half-hour session at PFADS time.
                                                                  ■ Learning Agreement - this documents the                      supervisors be ongoing
             "Any time, for example, that a new team
                                                                    plan agreed by the employee and first- and
        member starts, or new processes or new technology                                                                        Director-General Executive
                                                                    second-line managers for addressing the
        is introduced, is a good time for having a conversation                                                                  Branch, People Strategies and
                                                                    capability gap.
        about learning and development needs," Ms Parr said.                                                                     Policy Group, Ms Sue Parr
DeFenCe sCIenCe AnD teCHnoLoGY orGAnIsAtIon

 Dsto confronts challenging
 By Justine o’Brien

        ur most challenging                              RIgHT: There are
         conversations might be about                    different types
                                                         of challenging
         providing feedback to staff
         on their work performance,                      that occur in the
         but they may also be calling                    workplace.
         below-the-line behaviours,
 raising a difficult business issue,
 discussing a contentious decision,
 drawing attention to problems in a
 relationship, or indeed anything that
 we would rather put off.

       It is natural to sometimes avoid things that
 feel uncomfortable or risky. But in an organisational
 context, the better we are at doing difficult things,
 the more we are worth to the organisation, and the
 more promotion-worthy we become.                        conversation, allowing them to soften or sharpen
       Some people seem to be naturals at                up their messages and still get their point across.
 challenging conversations, but, rest assured, they      Participants also engaged with some of the most       some tricks that can help you
 have probably had their fair share of learning          challenging personality archetypes that people        survive complex and challenging
 experiences (and disasters) along the way.              use to try to shock, intimidate, charm, manipulate    conversations are:
       DSTO has been running intensive one-day           or scare you off your message.
                                                                                                               ■ Know your facts, seek advice if
 workshops at most of its sites on preparing                 “The workshop really helps me to identify
                                                                                                                  you need to
 for and engaging in challenging conversations.          and spot specific behaviours and then deal
 The workshops provided participants with the            with them effectively before they become too          ■ be prepared
 opportunity to identify some tough discussions          challenging. It also gave me an understanding of
 and talk about why they found them hard.                how to form and prepare for engagement with           ■ Acknowledge how you may have
       “I gained a lot out of discussing avoidance       colleagues – not just difficult conversations,”
                                                                                                                  contributed to the problem
 behaviour and learning strategies that I can put to     another participant said.                             ■ Notice what you tend to avoid
 the practice in the workplace,” a recent workshop           “Challenging conversations often take                saying/doing
 participant said.                                       longer than you would prefer. The problem is that
       “Being able to recognise my own inhibitions       anything else takes longer,” writes Susan Scott       ■ be clear and succinct
 is helping me to feel more confident in having          in her book, Fierce Conversations (Berkley Books,     ■ Try to use “and” instead of “but”
 difficult conversations, whereas in the past I’d        New York, 2004).
 just avoid them and hope the issue would go                 “This is certainly our experience in DSTO,”       ■ Try “can you help me understand
 away,” another participant said.                        People Strategies Melbourne manager Kathryn              …?” instead of, “why did you …?”
       Staff attending the workshops were provided       O’Loughlin said.
                                                                                                               ■ ensure that people take
 with some models on how one might prepare for               “We often find that the longer people delay
                                                                                                                  responsibility for their issues.
 and structure a challenging conversation. The           raising their concerns directly, the harder issues
 workshop groups also gave feedback on how it            can become to resolve. We see some very
 felt to be on the receiving end of a challenging        complex situations evolve.”
        IMPortAnCe oF By Dave Mayhew
        InternAtIonAL trAInInG

                ne of the most direct and
                 mutually-beneficial ways                              RIgHT: staff and
                 Defence can engage with                               students from the
                 the forces of another country                         Aviation safety
                                                                       Officer course,
                  is through the provision of
                                                                       dedicated entirely
                 training, with Defence investing
                                                                       to international
        significant resources to make training                         military officers
        available to overseas military personnel                       working in the
        through its Defence cooperation and                            field of aviation
        engagement Programs.                                           safety.

             Such training promotes the development
        of personal and professional relationships
        between members of Defence and their regional
        counterparts. Accordingly, the provision of training           of the students are pilots or officers working in        and transnational crime with daily sub-themes
        to members of regional defence organisations                   aviation safety roles for their military services.       encompassing: the role of the military in countering
        is a high international engagement priority that                    Director of Defence Aviation and Air                terrorism; the role of the military in fighting transnational
        supports Australia’s national interests.                       Force Safety, Group Captain Craig White said             crime; and international cooperation between militaries.
             Below are two examples of recent training                                                                                Forty-three representatives from the region
                                                                       Defence's sharing of its excellent aviation safety
        activities managed by International Policy Division.                                                                    attended from Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China,
                                                                       training is a strategic investment in international
                                                                       relationships and safer skies for Australia's            India, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan,
        International Aviation safety                                                                                           Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand,
                                                                       military and civilian air travellers.
        Officers course                                                                                                         Tonga, Vietnam and Australia. The background
                                                                            “Through the provision of quality training
              As part of its international engagement                                                                           and rank of attendees at the Forum were chosen
                                                                       to Defence’s international counterparts we are
        activities, Defence International Policy Division                                                                       to promote command-based perspectives and
                                                                       positively influencing the future safety of our
        arranged an Aviation Safety Officer course dedicated                                                                    discussion of the leadership and ethical issues
                                                                       regional airspace,” GPCAPT White said.
        entirely to international military officers working in                                                                  arising from military activities related to the key
                                                                            On the last afternoon of the course the Deputy
        the field of aviation safety in July.                                                                                   forum theme, with each day’s sub-theme providing
                                                                       Chief of Air Force (DCAF), Air Vice Marshal (AVM)
              The course, held in Canberra from 13-24 July,                                                                     context and guidance for the ensuring discussion
        was conducted by the Directorate of Defence Aviation           Geoff Brown, joined GPCAPT White to provide
                                                                       feedback on the students’ syndicate presentations        and syndicate work.
        and Air Force Safety and was the second of its kind.                                                                          The Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the
              The course was designed for international                on a variety of safety incident scenarios. DCAF then
                                                                                                                                Philippines (AFP), General Victor Ibrado, said that both
        military officers and defence civilians, and provides          presented students with their graduation certificates.
                                                                                                                                terrorism and transnational crime undermine the rule
        an introduction to the principles and framework
                                                                                                                                of law, national stability and social cohesion. He also
        of aviation safety. This includes crew resource                Military Leadership forum
                                                                                                                                highlighted the need to recognise the inter-relationship
        and aviation risk management, investigation                         International Policy Division coordinated the
                                                                                                                                between transnational crime and terrorism.
        requirements such as witness interviews, crash site            third Military Leadership Forum in Manila from
                                                                                                                                      He gave an example where the logistical
        control, evidence gathering and preservation.                  14-16 July, co-hosted by the Armed Forces of the
                                                                                                                                infrastructure for the importation of illicit drugs
              Considering the current enormous expansion of            Philippines (AFP), the St James Ethics Centre, and
                                                                                                                                was also being used for the importation of
        aircraft activities in the Asia-Pacific region, and the high   the Asia Pacific Centre for Military Law (APCML).
                                                                            The Forum was designed for senior military          terrorist bombs and arms for organised crime and
        tempo of our own Defence operational aviation tasks,
        the importance of aviation safety cannot be overstated.        officers and provides an opportunity to discuss          insurgent groups. This overlap between terrorism
              Twenty-three students attended the training,             common leadership issues around a central theme.         and transnational crime creates an underlying
        from the countries: Pakistan, Indonesia, Bahrain,              Previous themes have included peacekeeping and           challenge for law enforcement agencies and
        Brunei, Jordan, India, Papua New Guinea,                       military operations other than war.                      military forces in formulating a strategy to deal
38      Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines. Many                        The 2009 theme was regional anti-terrorism          with these two problems.
tHe LAst worD

 A new way of doing business –
 Claire Reynolds – Director Ministerial and Executive Support

          he new Defence                                                                                                                     LefT: The Defence
          Parliamentary Workflow                                                                                                             Parliamentary Workflow
      system (DPAWs) will                                                                                                                    system team (back row
                                                                                                                                             L-R): Tony Mills, James
      transform and modernise
                                                                                                                                             Young, Rosie Layton, Don
      the way Defence conducts
                                                                                                                                             Larice, graham sporne,
      business by enabling tasking,                                                                                                          Heather Partridge;
 editing, clearance, reporting on                                                                                                            (front row L-R): vanessa
 and tracking of parliamentary                                                                                                               elphick, Nicolette ellis,
 documents across Defence.                                                                                                                   cathy Husselbee, Jade
                                                                                                                                             Wright, claire Reynolds.
       DPAWS has been specifically tailored to
 meet Defence’s requirements and will manage
 the workflow of parliamentary documents such
 as ministerial correspondence and submissions,
                                                         How will this system benefit                               starting in October followed by a pilot commencing
 talking points, media releases and questions on
                                                         Defence and improve the quality of                         in early November and continuing throughout the last
 notice. The initial roll-out of the system includes
                                                         advice to government?                                      parliamentary sitting period for 2009.
 the Question Time Brief module.
       The DPAWS team is in a very busy period right          For Defence to provide best practice issues
 now as the IT experts conduct their final testing in    management and ministerial support we must                 How will the training be implemented
 preparation for deployment to desktops, while the       move to a system that allows for electronic tasking,       and how can people find out more?
 trainers prepare for training and the pilot of the      tracking, version control, storage and searching in              Training will play a crucial role in the successful
 QTB module in November.                                 a consolidated way that provides links to the whole        implementation of DPAWS and a number of options
       Keep up to date on the projects progress at:      of Defence and our Ministers’ offices. DPAWS will          will be available. Initially, we will be providing    achieve this, which means that Defence can focus           online role based tutorials via the DPAWS website.
       Want to find out more? Contact the DPAWS          less on process and more on improving the quality          It’s important that people start visiting the website
 team via email:           and timeliness of advice to our ministers.                 to find out what their role will be so they know
 or phone 1800 818 920.                                                                                             which tutorial to complete. The tutorials will be
                                                                                                                    available from early October as will a range of other
                                                         Who will be the main users
 How did the need for DPAWs originate?                                                                              support materials including quick help guides.
                                                         of this system?
                                                                                                                          The team will commence face to face role
      The need for DPAWS came about because the               Initially, the main users will be those people        based training from the end of October. Nominations
 current Defence Ministerial and Parliamentary Liaison   involved in the QTB workflow. One of the key               for this training can be made via the website.
 Service (DMPLS) data base, developed in the early       benefits to those involved with QTBs is that DPAWS         One-on-one sessions will also be available for SLG
 1990s, is now a largely outdated inflexible system.     will streamline the process by providing coordination      members as required.
 It has become increasingly unstable and is built on     areas with greater visibility in tracking QTB tasks.             I would encourage everyone to keep an eye on
 a legacy platform which is not part of the future            Modules will be added incrementally and               the website for further developments in this area.
 Defence Standard Operating Environment.                 eventually it will be used by everyone involved in the
      With this in mind and following a number           tasking, drafting editing and clearing of documents that
 of recommendations coming from the Defence              support our Ministers and Parliamentary Secretary.         What did you learn about parliamentary
 Management Review (April 2007), the Ministerial                                                                    processes and Defence's role in
 and Executive Support (MES) Branch examined                                                                        providing advice to government?
 the options for managing parliamentary workflows        How and when will DPAWs                                          That there are a lot of similarities in workflows
 across government.                                      be rolled out?                                             across the broad range of documents that we provide
      Following the comparison of a number of systems         DPAWS will roll-out on all DRN desktops this          in support of the government of the day. DPAWS
 in use across government departments, Defence           year and on the DSN in 2010. You will soon see a           will be one addition to Defence that will streamline
 selected the then-DEST developed as the        DPAWS icon in your DRN start menu. The first module        parliamentary workflows and enhance our support to
 preferred option to replace the DMPLS database.         to be rolled-out is Question Time Briefs with training     our Ministers and Parliamentary Secretary.                  39
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