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Personalities

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					Personalities

  Unique combination of traits that
          makes you, you
    Personality Types
   Type A
       Rushed, competitive and goal driven
   Type B
       Calmer, less competitive, not as concerned
        with accomplishments
Personality Characteristics
   Extrovert
       Friendly and outgoing
   Introvert
       Less outgoing, thoughts are directed inward
   Optimist
       Focus on the positive side of things
   Pessimist
       Focus on the negative side of things
Personality Characteristics
   Assertive
       Stand up for self and express feelings in a
        non-threatening way
   Passive
       Hold back your feelings
   Aggressive
       Communicate in a forceful or threatening
        way
Personality Characteristics
   Perfectionist
       Except nothing less than excellence of self
   Hardiness
       The ability to resist stress
    Theory of Personality
   Sigmund Freud, Freudian Theory
   ID
       Biological urges
   Superego
       Right from wrong
   Ego
       Decision making
    Theory of Personality
   Erik Erickson, 8 Stages of Development
    Theory of Personality
   Abraham Maslow, Hierarchy of Needs
Self Esteem
   How much you like yourself and feel
    good about yourself
   Ranges from high to low and effects all
    aspects of health
   Teenage years are most critical
Common Emotions
   Six common emotions that everyone
    feels during life
       Love
       Happiness
       Sadness
       Anger
       Fear
       Guilt
Common Emotions
   Love
       Deep feeling of affection and concern
       Most positive emotion capable of feeling
Common Emotions
   Happiness
       Strong positive emotion
       Makes you feel good and raises self esteem
Common Emotions
   Sadness
       Felling of sorrow or unhappiness
       Lasts to long leads to depression
            Depression
                 Feeling of hopelessness and worthlessness
       Grief
            Period of deep sorrow
Common Emotions
   Anger
       Helpful and harmful emotion
       Provide energy to change something or
        cause you to react negatively
Common Emotions
   Fear
       Something you are afraid of
       Helpful and harmful emotion
       Body releases the hormone adrenaline
            Fight or flight response
Common Emotions
   Guilt
       You feel you have done something wrong
       Stop you from doing something or fix a
        previous action
Coping with our Emotions
   Defense Mechanisms
       Compensation
       Rationalization
       Denial
       Reaction Formation
       Projection
       Regression
Defense Mechanisms
   Compensation
       Making up for a weakness by excelling in
        another area
   Rationalization
       Making excuses for actions
   Denial
       Refuse to recognize the emotion
Defense Mechanisms
   Reaction Formation
       Behave opposite how you are feeling
   Projection
       Put your faults on others
   Regression
       Return to immature behaviors
Chapter 2 Quiz
   What personality characteristic is friendly and
    outgoing?
   Whose theory of personality is based on the
    ID, Ego and Superego?
   This is how much you like yourself.
   What is the strongest emotion we can feel?
   What defense mechanism puts your faults on
    others?

				
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