Personalities Unique combination of traits that makes you, you Personality Types Type A Rushed, competitive and goal driven Type B Calmer, less competitive, not as concerned with accomplishments Personality Characteristics Extrovert Friendly and outgoing Introvert Less outgoing, thoughts are directed inward Optimist Focus on the positive side of things Pessimist Focus on the negative side of things Personality Characteristics Assertive Stand up for self and express feelings in a non-threatening way Passive Hold back your feelings Aggressive Communicate in a forceful or threatening way Personality Characteristics Perfectionist Except nothing less than excellence of self Hardiness The ability to resist stress Theory of Personality Sigmund Freud, Freudian Theory ID Biological urges Superego Right from wrong Ego Decision making Theory of Personality Erik Erickson, 8 Stages of Development Theory of Personality Abraham Maslow, Hierarchy of Needs Self Esteem How much you like yourself and feel good about yourself Ranges from high to low and effects all aspects of health Teenage years are most critical Common Emotions Six common emotions that everyone feels during life Love Happiness Sadness Anger Fear Guilt Common Emotions Love Deep feeling of affection and concern Most positive emotion capable of feeling Common Emotions Happiness Strong positive emotion Makes you feel good and raises self esteem Common Emotions Sadness Felling of sorrow or unhappiness Lasts to long leads to depression Depression Feeling of hopelessness and worthlessness Grief Period of deep sorrow Common Emotions Anger Helpful and harmful emotion Provide energy to change something or cause you to react negatively Common Emotions Fear Something you are afraid of Helpful and harmful emotion Body releases the hormone adrenaline Fight or flight response Common Emotions Guilt You feel you have done something wrong Stop you from doing something or fix a previous action Coping with our Emotions Defense Mechanisms Compensation Rationalization Denial Reaction Formation Projection Regression Defense Mechanisms Compensation Making up for a weakness by excelling in another area Rationalization Making excuses for actions Denial Refuse to recognize the emotion Defense Mechanisms Reaction Formation Behave opposite how you are feeling Projection Put your faults on others Regression Return to immature behaviors Chapter 2 Quiz What personality characteristic is friendly and outgoing? Whose theory of personality is based on the ID, Ego and Superego? This is how much you like yourself. What is the strongest emotion we can feel? What defense mechanism puts your faults on others?