"Speech to Inform"
Speech to Inform Expository – YOUR NEXT SPEECH Object Informative Speech Informs about a particular object Example: doctor giving a speech about a piece of medical equipment Place Informative Speech Example: Principal or teacher giving a speech about the school Person Informative (NOT A CHOICE) Biographical – gives information about a specific person Event Informative Recaps an event – example: WalkAmerica (March of Dimes) Events Idea Informative Inform the audience about a concept: book, movie, democracy Makes a hard to understand concept easier for the audience to get. Process (How-to) Speech To show how something works How does a car start To show how to do something Flight attendant showing how to use the oxygen mask on a plane To show how something was done or made How the Grand Canyon was formed Choosing a Topic Who is your audience? What do they want to know? Will the listener be interested in what you have to say? What does your audience already know? Ways to Organize Your Informative Speech Start at the Beginning Introductions What are some interesting ways you can start a speech? Introductions Startling Statement ! 440,000 people each year die Note that I gave from cigarette related illnesses credit to my source according to the American Heart Association. Studies show that eating cafeteria food causes childhood obesity Research from Fast Food Nation author Eric Schlosser found that McDonald’s uses meat that has over 1000 cows in each patty! Question (Rhetorical or Not) "Acne, baldness, sterility. Sound attractive, fellas? Or ladies, how about a deep voice, facial hair and kidney damage? All of these appealing attributes, along with many others, are side effects of using anabolic steroids, yet people continue to use them." "Have you ever wanted to shoot someone? How about your best friend? Well, if you come out to Challenge Park to play paintball, you can shoot your friends and people you don't even know all day long." (With thanks to Ron Colnar) "Do you know where you can find a diamond made of mud and grass? Where could you see wingless bats that are almost three feet long? They are at the same place that you can see a battery made of people and a plate that food will never touch. All these are found at any baseball game you go to. The terminology used is only one of the many things that make baseball what it is." (With thanks to Jeremiah Pearce) Story "Today, we are going to go on a chemical scavenger hunt. Here's the list of chemicals we need to find: powdered activated carbon, chlorine, hydrated lime, alum, benzene, atrazine and cyanizine. Does anybody have an idea where we could find these? Some might be in a chemistry lab; some are in weed killers, and some were used for chemical warfare in World War I. But there's an easier place to find them; in the water fountain around the corner. (With thanks to Jamie Nicole Blackburn) “Quotation” Dr. Martin Luther King once said, “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character”. His dream is still unrealized in most inner cities and schools in this nation. "'One time, I can remember him playing and I said to myself, 'Wow, man.' I thought this man was a god with the body of Santa Claus. He was the magic man with his power of music which no one could decipher. We'll miss you, Jerry. Always fly high, sing sweet, and always remember your loving Heds. This anonymous inscription was found at Jerry Garcia's grave.'" (With thanks to Dallas Kuykendall) Personal Reference I remember going to a baseball game when I was five years old. Eating hot dogs, yelling for the home team… When I was in sixth grade I broke my arm, both my legs, and my neck all at the same time. I was not swinging on a swing set, or playing in the street. I was riding in a car with my mother when we got hit head on by a drunk driver. People never think about the other people on the road when they get in their car drunk. I will never forget. Audio Visual Materials Movie Clip Song SlideShow Etc…BE CREATIVE! (m&m story) Organizing Body Chronological: In order by date or time Topical: break down parts and arrange Climactic: Arrange in order of importance PowerPoints what NOT to do Put too much information on one slide. It just takes up too much space and your audience pays attention to the slide and not what you have to say. It’s really distracting. Especiaally if u speel things wrong and have no punktuation Ur audience will be looking at your slide and fixing the mistakes and not looking at you It’s really bad to put everything you want to say on one slide so don’t do it. INSTEAD! Short Information Just the Main Points Helps keep the audience on track Makes the screen simple Thesis Statement Take your SPECIFIC PURPOSE and make it into a good sentence: Example: “The March of Dimes is an organization that raises money for research on premature births in the United States by holding fundraisers such as WalkAmerica.” First Point What specifically is March of Dimes? A. History B. How it helps Second Point Fundraisers such as WalkAmerica raise money A. Where can you participate? Third Point Why Prematurity is a problem A. Statistics from hospitals B. How prematurity affects children when they get older Conclusion What are some bad ways to end a speech? Conclusion Restate Thesis and the whole point of your speech Example: The March of Dimes is an important organization that raises funds to prevent babies from being born prematurely. They achieve this by… Final Statement The March of Dimes is a heroic organization saving the tiniest of human beings who may grow to become our future Einsteins, Spielbergs, or maybe Presidents. Conclusion Sum up your information NEVER say: “The End”, “The last thing I’m going to say is…”, “In conclusion…”, “I’m done”…etc. Give a quote or interesting end piece of information to finish the speech. “Talent is the gift plus the passion – a desire to succeed so intense that no force on earth can stop it.” From this presentation, it’s obvious that Jane has the talent and the passion! Transitions Ways to go from one point to the next. What are some ways that you can go from one point to the next in your speech? Too Colorful! Too many pictures Can you read this? What’s the point? It gives the audience a headache. Also, not good! Can’t read the material DISTRACTING! Looking at picture, not listening Keep it simple Instead! Clean colors. No extreme pictures or colors that blend. Topics Something you are interested in – School Music Hobby Sports team History Charity Organization Aliens…etc Work on Introductions! 1. Pick a topic from handout or on your own 2. Pick 2-3 ways you could introduce that topic. Brainstorm with a friend. 3. Ways to start: Startling statement Question Story Quote Personal Reference Audiovisual Success is achieved when audience reaction is “I understand” Most important aspects are to be clear and well organized. Understand all words and terms used and explain them. Use facts and figures when possible. Use illustrations, examples, and demonstrations.