PROVIDING NATIONAL LEADERSHIP FOR FIRE MARSHALS SINCE 1906
FIRE MARSHALS ASSOCIATION QF NORTH AMERICA 0 January 1995
FMANA Executive Board
Rocco Gabriele, President Robert Melton Steve Powell , President
State Fire Marshal , Pikesville , MD Fire Marshal , Dallas , TX (205) 663- 6304
(410) 764- 4324 (214) 670- 7951 FAX (205) 663- 9041
FAX (410) 764-4576 FAX (214) 670-4564
Reginald Penney, First Vice President Dad Cross L. T. (Les) McMillan , President
Battalion Chief, Palm Beach County, FL Chief Deputy Fire Marshal (403) 287- 4230
(407) 233- 0051 Charleston , WV FAX (403) 243- 9947
FAX (407) 233- 0057 (304) 558- 2191
FAX (304) 558- 2537 Arizona Chapter
Wade Schaefer , Second Vice President Howard Rosenberg, President
State Fire Marshal, Lansing, MI Thomas Brace (602) 883- 4341
(517) 322- 5454 State Fire Marshal
FAX (517) 322- 2908 St. Paul, MN Delaware Valley Chapter
(612) 643- 3080
T. Leich~ President
Davis Parsons FAX (612) 643- 3095
(302) 892- 9071
Los Angeles City Fire Marshal
Los Angeles, CA
(213) 485- 5969 Fire Marshals Association of Oklahoma
FAX (213) 847- 3441 Bill Hargraves , President
(405) 767- 0361
J. Benjamin Roy, Jr.
FMANA Executive Secretary Florida Fire Marshals Association
(617) 984- 7424 or (302) 653- 5710 John Holley, President
FAX (302) 653- 5712 (904) 329- 0120
Fire Marshals Quarterly Michigan Fire Inspectors Society
(617) 984- 7424 Michael McKinley, President
or FAX (302) 653- 5712 (616) 784-4326
FAX (616) 784- 8046
Published quarterly as a service to the membership of the Fire Marshals Association of New England Association of Fire
North America (FMANA)
Editor: 1. Benjamin Roy, Jr. Michael Murphy, President
Assistant Editor: Sharon S. Roy (508) 358- 7951
Layout & Graphics: Melinda Leydon
FAX (508) 358-4739
We encourage you to send any items of interest for inclusion in the Quarterly to: New York State Fire Marshals and
Executive Secretary Keith Fennelly, President
Fire Marshals Association of North America (914) 793- 6402
I Batterymarch Park Texas Fire Marshals Association
O. Box 9101 Tom Leggitt
Quincy, MA 02269- 9101 (512) 930- 3606
FAX (512) 930- 3613
FIRE MAR$"AI.$- A5S0CIA'IONO"tt~.THAMERICA' January 1995
(For more information on any of these events , contact the appropriate
sponsoring organization or FMANA Executive Secretary Ben Roy. FMANA Membership:
February Tell a Friend!
10 NFPA Continuing Education Senninars: Life Safety Code Do you have friends or professional colleagues who nnight
National Electrical Code, Sprinkler Systems , and Fire Alarm benefit by beconning a member of the Fire Marshals Associa-
Systems , San Francisco , CA. tion of North America?
24- 26 FMANA Executive Board Meeting, West Palm Beach , FL.
27 NFPA Regional Meeting, Fort Worth , TX. Please rennind them that FMANA is an organization of
professionally oriented people with the goal of nnininnizing
March loss of life and property by fire through education in fife
NFPA Regional Meeting, Tampa , FL. prevention fundamentals , enforcement offlfe laws, investiga-
10 NFPA Continuing Education Seminars: Life Safety Code tion of fire causes , and regulation of fife hazards.
National Electrical Code Sprinkler Systems, and Fire Alarm
Systems , Houston TX. As you know , FMANA members are required to be
20- 24 FMANA Fire Protection Institute , Ocala, FL. members of the National Fire Protection Association. The
20- 24 NFPA Continuing Education Senninars: Life Safety Code NFPA annual dues ($95) cover your FMANA membership.
National Electrical Code, Sprinkler Systems, and Fire Alarm
Systems , Ft. Lauderdale , FL. For more information, write:
21 NFPA Regional Meeting, Los Angeles , CA. Executive Secretary Ben Roy
27- 31 NFPA Continuing Education Senninars: Life Safety Code, Fire Marshals Association of North America
National Electrical Code Sprinkler Systems , and Fire Alarm NFPA
Systems , Falls Church , VA. I Batterymarch Park
Quincy, MA 02269- 9101
April or call (617)984- 7424
NFPA Continuing Education Senninars: Life Safety Code,
National Electrical Code Sprinkler Systems , and Fire Alarm
Systems , Farmington , CT.
NFPA Regional Meeting, Detroit , MI.
IAAIlNFPA Regional Training Senninar Follow- Up Inves- Gary Tokle Named NFPA
tigation & Case Finalization " Ames , IA.
10- 14 NFPA Continuing Education Senninars: Life Safety Code
Assistant Vice President
National Electrical Code Sprinkler Systems , and Fire Alarm
Gary Tokle has been promoted from director to assistant vice
Systems , Princeton , NJ.
president ofNFPA' s Public Fire Protection division.
19- 21 Symposium on Elevators , Fire and Accessibility, Baltimore
24- 28 NFPA Continuing Education Senninars:
This position reflects Gary s overall responsibility for the
Life Safety Code
Association s public fife protection programs , including develop-
National Electrical Code Sprinkler Systems , and Fire Alarm
ment of codes and standards for the fife service, cooperative efforts
Systems, Oak Brook , IL.
between NFPA and state and local fife officials , and the adnninistra-
May tionofNFPA' s intemational Urban Fire Forum , a consortium of fife
chiefs from major metropolitan centers who share ideas for solutions
NFPA Continuing Education Senninars: Life Safety Code to the unique problems found in urban fife departments.
National Ekctrical Code, Sprinkler Systems , and Fire Alarm
Systems, Columbus , OH. With 20 years of experience in fife protection , Gary has been
15- 19 NFPA Continuing Education Life Safety Code
Senninars: fIrefighter and chief officer for the Los Angeles City Fire Department
National Electrical Code Sprinkler Systems, and Fire Alarm and the Missoula (MT) Rural Fire District. Most recently, he was
Systems , Nashville , TN. deputy director of the California State Fire Marshal' s Office. Gary is
15- 19 IAAI Annual Senninar and Conference , Los Angeles , CA. editor of the Hazardous Materials Handbook and serves as chairman
21- 25 NFPA & FMANA Annual Meeting, Denver , CO. of the Board of Visitors of the National Fire Academy.
;FI'E;jAItSHALS" ASSOCIATION. OFNC)RTH-AMERI~ .
From the President's Desk by Rocco Gabriele
The last meeting of the Fire Marshals Association of North
America (FMANA) was held in Toronto , Canada , during the Held in
NFPA Fall Meeting.
lam proud to say that all of our programs were well received
by those in attendance. The Codes and Standards Forum, The fourth annual Urban Fire Mar-
moderated by Wade Schaefer of Lansing (MI) and Robert shals Forum was held on Sunday, May
Melton of Dallas, was its usual perennial success. The purpose 15, 1994 , during theNFPA Annual Meet-
of this forum is to review changes to codes and standards. But ing in San Francisco. Forum topics in-
more importantly, it underscores the role of the fife marshal in cluded:
the standards-making process. We continue to encourage par-
ticipation in this information- gathering and sharing session. 1. Security Gates Across Fire Lanes -
Are they a problem in your city, and
Our joint program with the Education Section was an overwhelming success. The session if so , how do you deal with them?
was moderated by Davis Parsons of the L.A. City Fire pepartment. Topics discussed included
water nnist systems , an update on the halon issue
, replacing residential smoke detectors , and a 2. Crimevs. Fire Safety- Burglar Bars
discussion on the false alarm problem. double keyed dead bolts, electric lock-
ing devices in high rise buildings,
Our Wednesday program was also moderated by Davis Parsons. Again, the subjects etc. Is your city affected?
any programs ofinterest
presented were interesting and timely. Unfortunately, there were so m
Learn Not to Bum and
being presented that attendance at this session was not up to expectation. Those in attendance 3. Overview of
received an overview of performance- based standards and an excellent presentation by the an Update on Spanish Version Field
Ontario Fire Marshals Office on fighting fifes through creative coalitions. Our hats are off to Tested in Los Angeles - Presented
by Jan Gratton , NFPA Fire Safety
our Canadian brothers for an excellent presentation and a creative idea.
Education Representativeand NFP A
During the deliberations of the Executive Board , we approved ajoint Section presentation Board Member , and Meri - K Appy,
to include FMANA, the Fire Service and Education Sections, and representatives from the NFPA Assistant Vice President for
National Association of Home Builders todiscuss mandatory residential sprinklers for one- and Public Education.
tWo- family dwellings. The Board also discussed FMANA participating in a Fire Service
This presentation could result The fIrst two topics were discussed in
Section presentation entitled " Standards: Need for Assessment.
in a position paper to the Standards Council which would express the fife service and fife a roundtable format. On the security
marshals concern with standards. gates issue , most of the participants use
utilize bolt cutters or a security padlock
The Executive Board was made aware of a relatively new phenomena in the entertainment system to gain access. However , two
" Propane and CNG are being used cities (Dallas & Plana, TX) require a
industry: " Flammable Gases for the Approximate Audience.
for visual effects at indoor shows. Several of us who attended a theater in Toronto received a garagedooropening system on the secu-
fIrst - hand experience when propane was used for visual effects during the show. The Board was rity gates as well as a manual back up in
renninded by Henry Renfrew , Connecticut State Fire Marshals Office (retired) andwritingboard residential type occupancies. This per-
member Davis Parsons that FMANA should become involved early in the standard- units emergency access to the properties
process for this propane gas use. Henry will chair the new comnnittee and Davis will represent without delay.
All of the major cities share sinnilar
It appears our program for the annual meeting in Denver will be pretty full. I encourage as conflicts where safety from crime is at
many FMANA members as possible to attend since we will also hold Section elections at this odds with fife safety.
Forum attendees appreciated the
By now you should have received and had the opportunity to peruse the new FMANA LNTB presentation, a very important
directory. What a great job by orirExecutive Secretary Ben Roy and Sharon Roy! They both program with many documented saves.
worked very hard to make the directory a reality and the final product is the fruit of their effort. The Spanish version cUlTently being used
We owe a great debt of gratitude to both Ben and Sharon! It was a meticulous, time-consunning in Los Angeles holds great pronnise for
job, but well worth the effort. those cities with large Spanish-speaking
I close by saying " thank you " to all theFMANA Board members. They are a hard-
group, dedicated to our importsnt nnission. I am honored to be their president. Thank you.
~IREMARSH.LS' ASsoCIA,TION OF NORTH AMERICA. .,'JailliJaioy1995
Executive Secretary s Corner by Ben Roy
I hope you and your family had a joyous holiday season. Former NFPA
Nineteen- ninety- four was a busy year for FMANA and the New
Year will be even busier. Major projects for 1995 include: President
The Quarterly - There will be four editions of The Quarterly
printed in 19951 Production schedules have been developed Dies at 79
which should ensure that you will receive your copy by the last
dayofJanuary, April , July, and October (hopefully, the U. S. Post
As reported in the August/Sep-
Office will cooperate!) We intend to meet those deadlines, tember 1994 issue of Fire News
regardless of how much material we have, so the editions may
NFPA President Emeritus Charles
vary in size.
Morgan died on Friday, August 5
1994 , in Concord , MA. He was 79
You will find elsewhere in this edition a request for yon to subunit articles for publication. years old.
We really need articles from the field and hope you will help us out. We can take any format
00. 5 inch diskette but to ensure accuracy, please be sure to provide hard copy along with the Mr. Morgan began work as a re-
search assistant at the NFPA in 1938.
Over the years , he filled a variety of
We expect to run a series of articles on the codes and standards- making system and posts including technical comnnittee
performance based codes and standards starting with the April issue. secretary, editor , advertising man-
ager , and executive secretary of the
. Chapters- We will be holding a meeting with the president or a representative of each Fire Marshals Association of North
Chapter to develop closer working relationships with these important organizations. America. In 1949 , Mr. Morgan was
named assistant general manager , was
. Urban Fire Marshals Forum - We expect to conduct an Urban Fire Marshals Forum, named general manager in 1968, and
sinnilar to the Urban Fire Forum and the State Fire Marshals Forum. A planning task force
in 1972 , was named president of the
is already hard at work developing the program for this event. Association. He retired in 1979 but
remained active on the Board of Di-
. Fire Protection Institute- We will sponsor three offerings of "Principles of Fire Protection
rectors until suffering a stroke in 1990.
Engineering. " Please see a related article in this issue.
From 1975 to 1979, Mr. Morgan
. The Education Comnnittee expects to unveil additional courses to enhance the FPI
was chairman of the Conference of
Fire Protection Associations , com-
prised of adnninistrators of 17 na-
. MasterPlan and Work Plan- The FMANA MasterPlan will be thoroughly reviewed and
tional fIre safety organizations around
updated and the companion Work Plan for 1996 will bedeveloped. Note: The 1995 Work the world. He was an Honorary Life
Plan will be published in the April edition of The Quarterly.
Member of FMANA and received
theFMANA' s Percy Bugbee A ward
Additionally, we hope to begin marketing FMANA products in the April edition of the highest honor bestowed by our
The Quarterly. Our fIrst offerings will be a new FMANA lapel pin and a FMANA golf shirt. organization.
Look for our advertisement!
Mr. Morgan is survived by his
In closing, I would be renniss if! did not mention the significant part the FMANAExecutive
wife Rachel , son Roger and daughter
Board has played in developing the agenda for this year. Thanks for a job well done! Andrea , a brother , three sisters , and
two granddaughters. His family has
requested that memorials be made to
theLNTB Foundation atNFP A head-
The Washin ton Scene by Anthony O' Neill, NFPA Vice President for Government AHairs
10) to improve fIrefighters training to com- this legislation was the release of the Public
Arson Prevention Act of 1994 Works and Transportation Comnnittee report
(Public Law 103.254) bat arson by offering expanded training
courses in State fife acadennies and de- on October 7, 1994 (H. Report 103- 848,
On September 20, the USFA published a
veloping innovative courses with the Part 1).
proposed rule in the Federal Register on how
the expected grant money would be awarded NFA and making them available to rural
areas by teleconferencing and satellite. As a natural disaster mitigation measure
to States or consortia of States. On Septem-
the legislation requires participating states to
ber 28, 1994 the President signed PL 103-
Please write or FAX the NFPA adopt and enforce state-of- the- art model
327, making appropriations for several Fed- National Electrical
eral Departments and independent agencies, Washington Office at (703- 516-4350) for a building codes and the
copy of the complete Federal Register Code (NFPA 70), the Fuel Gas Code
including FEMA. There is $2. 5 nnillion in
notice. (NFPA 54), the Flammable and Combus-
rhw USFA' s budget for implementation of
tible Liquids Code (NFPA 30) and theNFPA
the Arson Prevention Act of 1994 (PL 103-
UsFA Authorization Act of standard on Liquefied Petroleum Gases
1994 Includes Fire Advisory (NFPA 58).
The proposed rules identifies the eligibil- CouncU
ity criteria for States or consortia of States to
On September 20 , the House Science
apply for arson related grants and details Subcommittee reviewed the Clinton
Adnninistration s level funding request of
evaluation criteria and anti-arson goals that
the arson awards are targeted to support.
$31 490, 000 per year for the next three fiscal
years which many feel is inadequate, given NFPA Directory
As set forth in the Federal Register , the the increasing demands on the USF A and the
National Fire Academy. The NFPA, along
grant applications for States must promote
one or more of the following goals: with other fife service organizations , recom-
mended an increase in funds for the USFA TheNFP A' s annual directory is now avail-
I) improve arson investigation training in
and NFA programs. The legislation also able. This year s directory contains: articles
accordance with nationally recognized
recommended the establishment of a " United of organization; by- laws; regulations gov-
States Fire Advisory Council" to advise the erning comnnittee projects; regulations for
2) to provide resources for theformation of Sections; officers and staff; roster of adnnin-
interagency task forces including fife USFA Administrator in " all matters related
to the United States Fire Adnninistration" and istrative , advisory, and technical comnnit-
police and other related agencies;
to reevaluate the goals and priorities estab- tees; listings of comnnittee scopes and docu-
3) to combat fraud as a cause of arson and
lished 20 years ago by National Commission ments; and the schedule of events for pro-
advanceresearch on prevention of fraud
on Fire Prevention and Control in its report cessing comnnittee documents.
as a motive for arson;
4) to provide for management of arson America Burning.
Please return the attached coupon if you
squads including a) training courses would like to receive a copy. Return the
b) preparation of arson unit manage- Innmediately after the hearing, the Sub-
comnnittee held a mark- up and by voice vote coupon to: Standards Administration, NFPA
ment guides, and c) development and
approved the bill. Due to the end of the 1O3rd I Batterymarch Park , P. O. Box91O1, Quincy,
dissennination of new public education
MA 02269- 9101.
ods to civil unrest as a cause of arson;
Congress , there was not any further action on
this legislation. Congressman Rick Boucher
sponsor of the legislation and Chairman of
Please send me:
the Science Subcomnnittee intends to reintro-
6) to combat juvenile arson through coun- 1995 NFPA Directory
seling programs; duce the bill in the l04th Congress.
7) to combat, and research causes and pre-
Disaster Protection Natural Act
vention of drug- related arson;
On September 28, 1994 , HR 2873 was
8) to combat , and research prevention of
favorably reported out of the House Public
arson arising from domestic violence;
Works Comnnittee by unanimous consent
9) tocomba~andimproveflfefighters ' abil-
ity to identify and prevent rural and
forest arson fifes , and;
an important step on its way to beconning
Law. Last action of the l03rd Congress on
FIRE MARSHALS AssOCIAJION OF NOR1'H QiERICA
State Fire Marshals In the News
Delaware Government, and has a master s degree in local fife service entities and law enforce-
special studies from George Washington ment, " said Mr. Boespflug. " I also plan to
Trading Cards Spread Fire Prevention
University in Washington. increase our educational efforts in the areas
of fife prevention and nnitigation of code
Delaware law enforcement agencies have Mr. Gabriele is a member of the NFPA deficiencies.
issued a series of trading cards sinnilar to and is president of the Fire Marshals Asso-
those used to depict sports personalities. The ciationofNorth America. He also serves on Former State Fire Marshal Bob Allan
cards are extremely popular with juveniles the board of directors of the National Asso- resigned to pursue a teaching position at a
who collect and trade them. ciation of State Fire Marshals. national fife service training academy.
The Delaware Fire Marshal's Office se- Minnesota Oregon
ries contains ten cards including State Fire
Marshal Dan Kiley; former State Fire Mar- Tom Brace Appointed to Pipeline Safety Slate Fire Marshal Appointed
shals Ben Roy, Bob Favinger , and Walt Office Robert Panuccio , former director of fife
LaRue; the agency s two accelerant detec- Minnesota State Fire Marshal Tom Brace and emergency services for the city of
tion canines, Yo- Yo and Midnight; Deputy has been given the additional responsibility RicWand, W A , has been appointed Oregon
Fire Marshals Bill Sipple and Russell Staats; of heading the state s Office of Pipeline State Fire Marshal. His fIre service career
Fire Inspector Allen Moore; and Juvenile Safety. He said the new task will be an started in Medford (OR) where he was hired
Intervention Program Manager John opportunity to strengthen the relationship as a fIrefighter in 1961. He was promoted
Lattomus. between the State Fire Marshals Division through the ranks to training chief, leaving
and the Office of Pipeline Safety. Two spe- Medford in 1974 to take a fife chiefs posi-
Each card features a photo , personal in- cific issues he plans to address are propane tion in Westminster , CO.
formation , and a fife safety message. regulation and fife investigation as it pertains
to gas explosions. As director of fife and emergency ser-
These cards are a sure- fife way for us to vices in RicWand since 1975, Mr. Panuccio
get our fife safety messages across to juve- Mr. Brace has been State Fire Marshal was responsible for managing 52 employees
niles, " said State Fire Marshal Kiley. since 1987 and is a member of the FMANA as well as the city s fife prevention , public
Executive Board. He also is vice president of education , fife suppression and investiga-
Maryland the National Association of State Fire Mar- tion , emergency management , and advanced
shals. life support medical services. He has a
Rocco Gabriele Re-Appointed Fire
bachelor s degree in public adnninistration
Marshal North Dakota from Southern Oregon State College and has
Rocco Gabriele has been appointed to a completed executive fife service graduate
third consecutive six- year term as fire mar- Joel Boespflug Named Stote Fire work at Western Oregon State College.
shal for the state of Maryland. He assumed Marshal
the post of the state s chief fife protection Attorney General Heidi Heitkamp has The state fife marshal's office , a division
officer on November 1 1982. announced the appointrnentof Joel Boespflug of the Oregon State Police , has 57 employees
as State Fire Marshal. Mr. Boespflug has 15 and a $10 nnillion budget. Oregon had been
Mr. Gabriele previously served for 24 years of experience in the fife service and is without a permanent state fife marshal since
years with the Maryland State Police , retir- a five year veteran of the StateFireMarshal' Everett Hall resigned in March 1993.
ing at the rank of captain. During his years as Office. He eamed a bachelor s degree in
a state trooper , Gabriele spent 18 years in the business adnninistration from the University South Dakota
investigative field. of Mary in Bismarck.
State Fire Marshal Resigns
Mr. Gabriele has been a member of the Mr. Boespflug was higWy recommended Effective November II , 1994 , Haury
state s volunteer fire service for 45 years, by fife service personnel across the state. He Hauryman resigned as the South Dakota State
serving with the Rosedale Volunteer Fire is acknowledged as the state hazardous ma- Fire Marshal. Chief Deputy Fire Marshal Al
Company ofBaltimore County. He is a gradu- terials response and training expert. Christie has been appointed Acting Fire
ate of Harvard University, the John F. Marshal until further notice. All correspon-
Kennedy School of Government Program I will work hard to make the State Fire dence should be directed to Chief Christie or
for Senior Executives in State and Local Marshal' s Office more effective in assisting Michael Kumm , director of the division of
Commercial Inspection and Regulation.
'1.~~RSHALsAssO, CI.A TIC)N OF NC)RTHAMEIUCA .~Cln..ary1 99 5
School Fires Demonstrate Effectiveness of Sprinkler Protection
by Jon Nisja, Supervisor, Minnesota State Fire Marshal Division
During the last week of April , three large fire involvement and requested fife depart- rofit sprinkler project for this building, had
Minnesota high school buildings in subur- ment response. The initial responding inci- been scheduled for a public vote the next
ban Minneapolis/St. Paul communities were dent commander was Captain James Thune month.
damaged by arson fifes. All three fifes dem- of the Burnsville Fire Department. While
onstrated the effectiveness of automatic sprin- responding, Captain Thune observed a heavy Four days later , on April 29, two other
kler protection. Retrofit of automatic sprin- plume of smoke from approximately 1/2 high school fifes were reported during the
kler protection into existing school buildings nnile away. He provided the following de- early morning hours. These fifes occurred
appears to be relatively uncommon nation- scription of fife conditions: within nninutes of each other. The two high
ally, but based on these fifes , an extremely schools are located approximately 10 nniles
effective defense against fIre. Upon arrival , flames were showing from each other.
through the doors and windows of the single
The fIrst and most damaging fife occurred story performing arts wing. The flames had At 5:47 AM, a fire was discovered at
on Monday, April 25, 1994 , at Burnsville already shattered the glass in the doors and Edina High SchooL This building had re-
High SchooL The school , a sprawling two- windows-and flames were seen rolling up cently been upgraded with automatic sprin-
story building, was constructed in 1955 and over the roof of the adjacent two story sec- klers and a complete , fully addressable fife
had major additions in 1977, 1978, and 1979. tion. We observed that the flames appeared alarm system. The sprinkler installation was
At the time of the fife, the building was to be totally charged deep inside the building completed in 1993 and the fife alarm instal-
approximately 413, 000 square feet in size and burning in a sizable , agitated manner. lation was in progress when the fife occurred
and housed about 2, 200 students , making it (at the time of the fife, the digital alarm
one of the largest high schools in the state. The bulk of the fife was extinguished by communicating portion of the system was
Preliminary investigation revealed multiple an aggressive interior attack , however, high not yetin service , although the internal detec-
points of origin, the most severe of which heat conditions were noted in the building tion portions were operational).
was located in the common area near the following extinguishment. Salvage and over-
auditorium lobby and inside adjacent locker haul operations took several hours to com- The fife at Edina originated in an assistant
bays. This area of the school was built off Ire- plete. Firefighting operations ultimately in- principal' s office located in the adnninistra-
resistive, non-combustible construction. In- volved 90 flfefighters from fourotherdepart- tive section of the building. The fife also
teriorwalls were primarily of brick construc- ments. involved a liquid accelerant. The fife was
tion; floors and floor/ceiling separations of extinguished by the two sprinkler heads in
the mainstory were concrete and pre-stressed The majority of the building was not the office. Very little smoke or fife damage
concrete , respectively. The interior ceiling equipped with automatic sprinkler protec- occurred outside the room of origin. Particu-
was finished with a decorative redwood tion; however , sprinklers had been installed larly impressive in this fire was that the
material which appeared to have a Class II to protect the auditorium stage and the south- school's switchboard and computers located
(or Class B) flame spread rating as required ern section (gymnasium area) as part of a in the adjacent office space were not dam-
by the code, remodeling project. The fife burned up to and aged and were fully operational following
activated the fIrst four sprinkler heads in this the prelinninary investigation, There was some
An additional fife appeared to have been section along with an additional seven sprin- water damage in the building due to the
ignited in a rear exit system adjacent to the kler heads on the stage being activated due to sprinkler system flowing with no remote
auditorium stage; no communication between heat build-up within the higher stage area. alarm transnnission. The incident was dis-
the fifes was observable. All areas of fife The fife was stopped at the point of sprinklers covered by maintenance personnel upon ar-
origin appeared to have used some form of and did not spread beyond these points. Total rival at work during the early morning hours.
liquid accelerant which contributed to the fife loss, which was virtually linnited to the
rapid fife spread. Once ignited, the fifes unsprinklered portions of the building, was The fife could have quickly spread to
spread tothedecorativeceiling material which estimated at $7- 8 nnillion. The damage was involve the main north/south corridor , in-
contributed to the spread of the fife. extensive enough to cause the building to be cluding all adjoining rooms and spaces on
out of service for the remainder of the school the upper level, Fortunately, the two sprin-
Initial notification was made to police year; classes had to be moved to other school klers in the office immediately operated,
officers at 11:49 PM through the transnnis- building on split-shift scheduling (morning controlling and extinguishing theflfe. Clearly,
sian of an intrusion alarm to a central station classes for some students, aftemoon classes automatic sprinklers made the difference in
monitoring service, Upon arrival two nnin- for other students). Ironically, a bond refer- this fire and we avoided a most serious loss.
utes later, police officers observed extensive endum for facility upgrades, including a ret- If this protection had not been in place , our
FIRE MARSHALS AssOCI"TION' OF NORTH AMERICA I Jariuary1995
community would have suffered a "tragic Edina had a scheduled day off for the stu- two of these fIres and reducing further spread
loss " commented Edina ChiefTed Paulfranz. dents anyway. Both buildings were opera- in the partially sprinklered school. Even
tional the following school day. though other factors were present which nega-
At about the same time as the Edina High tively contributed to these fifes , such as inte-
School fire , a fire was discovered at We have been on an aggressive program rior flame spread , accelerated fIres, and fife
Minnetonka High School. This fife was si- of fIre and life safety upgrades to the schools doors being propped open , automatic sprin-
multaneously reported by the school'sjani- in Minnesota based on legislation which kler protection overcame these obstacles and
tor and the alarm monitoring company, in passed in 1990 mandating state fife marshal allowed these investments of the communi-
response to a sprinkler water flow alarm. inspection of existing school buildings " said ties to continue operation.
Multiple fife appeared to have been started in Minnesota State Fire Marshal Tom Brace.
administrative offices and a staff mail room. We have been encouraging schools to in- (Editorial note; At the time of this writing,
Once again , liquid accelerant use was sus- stall automatic sprinkler protection rather fire damage at the Burnsvil/e High School is
pected. In this inciden~ eleven sprink1erheads than what we consider more costly and less being repaired and sprinklers are being in-
activated, including two in the exit corridor effective construction modifications to their stalled.)
which quickly extinguished the fife. The buildings. Wehaveleamedagreatdealabout
corridor sprinklers were activated when the the effectiveness of sprinkler systems in
fife spread from one of the rooms of origin school~ based on these recent fifes We are
into the corridor as aresult of a fife separation also concerned about the more violent nature Got a Question?
door which was " wedged" open. and large scale use of accelerants by arson-
ists. We cannot depend strictly on the Who to call at the NFPA'
The sprinkler system had been retrofitted building s construction features to protect Public Fire Protection
into this school in 1986 in response toamajor the building, its contents or occupants from Division:
remodeling project and structural addition. fife. So far, sprinklers are the only method we
Minnetonka Fire Marshal Steven Anderson have seen which can substantially nnininnize Gary Tokle , Assistant Vice President
stated, ' This system was originally installed these types of violent incidents. (617) 984-7490
based on building code requirements to pro-
tect the structure , although we also recog- Fire Marshal Brace is also a former presi- Carl Peterson , Assistant Director
nized the benefit of sprinklers as a life safety dent of the International Association of Ar- (617)984- 7485
feature. Even at the height of these fifes, with son Investigators. He concluded by saying, (apparatus and equipmen~ fife reporting)
enough heat to set off twelve sprink1er heads We salute the wisdom and foresight of the
conditions in the building were never unten- Edina and Minnetonka School Districts and Bill Baden , (617) 984-7484
able due to smoke or heat. In addition , we fife departments in their efforts to retroac- (forestry, urban and wild land interface)
realized another benefit of sprinklers which tively install automatic sprinklers. Their de-
we did not envision and that's the fact that cisions saved their buildings and potentially Jon Jones, (617) 984-7483
they did an excellent job preserving evidence millions of dollars worth of damage. (professional qualifications , EMS)
which we feel will assist us in the prosecution
of this case. Although many would characterize the Bruce Teele , (617) 984-7482
Bumsville fife as a major loss, sprinklers (protective clothing and equipment, fireboats)
Based on the qnick actions of the played a definitive role in saving large por-
Minnetonka High School janitor , a partial tions of the building. " Even though nnillions Chuck Smeby, (617) 984- 7420
license number was obtained frorn a fleeing of dollars of damage occurred , the sprinklers (hazmats and training, NBFSPQ)
vehicle that resulted in the identification and saved approximately 43, 000 sqnare feet of
arrest of a suspect. At this writing, a24 year- property which is conservatively estimated Stephen Foley, (617) 984- 7481
old suspect is awaiting trial on arson and at$3 nnillion. In other words, we had a multi- (Fire Department Occupational Health &
burglary charges. nnillion dollar save, " stated Bumsville Fire Safety, public fife service organization)
Marshal James Schwab. " We have been
Due to the quick and effective activation working with the school district to get this Ben Roy, (617) 984- 7424
of the sprinkler system, both schools were building sprinklered , which they intended to (Fire Marshal' s Association of North
able to proceed with scheduled school plays , unfortunately the fife happened before America)
in their buildings only twelve hours after the the sprinklers could be installed.
fifes. Total fife loss for these two fifes was Staff in the Public Fire Protection Divi-
only $150, 000. Neither the Edina nor Although not exceedingly common in sion are responsible for more than 80 NFP A
Minnetonka. school building were able to existing school buildings, sprinkler protec- codes and standards and four NFP A Member
hold classes the day of the fires , although tion played a significant role in extinguishing Sections.
FIIJE MARsHALSA$$QCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA . J. anuary 1995
Ensuring Fire Safety " On Location
by Deputy Chief Davis Parsons, Fire Marshal for the City of Los Angeles
This article discusses the Fire automatic fife sprinklers , early warning and production. All location production requires
Department s relationship with the motion detection , and a host of other precautionary a Filming Pennit from the fire department.
picture , television , andcommercialproduc- practices and policies. The overall fife record Approximately 65 percent of the time , safety
tion industry with regard to the regulatory in modern , code confonning studios is very issues are nninimal and there is no require-
process involved inlocationproduction work good. Even so , the industry has provided the ment for a Fire Safety Officer (FSO). The
Los Angeles City Fire Department with some next level is where safety of cas~ crew and
Background challenging fires in years past. extras is a concern due to location , shooting
Motion picture , television , and commer- requirements , and " minor " pyrotechnic spe-
cial production is a glamorous industry that In addition to studio work, a great deal of cial effects. The requirement at this level has
creates a product that entertains, amuses , and production takes place on location. A recent been for continuous standby of a Certified
sells. It's an industry that can provide a survey, taken by the California State Fire Fire Safety Officer (CFSO). The CFSO is a
bonanza in the form of tax and pennit rev- Marshal (CFSM), revealed that the amount retired member of the departmen~ having a
enue for a municipality. It can also provide a of annual location production that takes place nninimum of one year experience as a Fire
major industrial base that creates jobs, fills in Los Angeles exceeds the amount of all Inspector , and certified through a written and
hotels and restaurants , and stimulates many other location production activity through- oral examination process.
other areas of commerce. out the country. For example , in a given
month , as many as 2 100 location shootings The third , and highest level of concern
This creative giant that brings together will take place in Los involves a number of factors. They include:
glamour and commerce can also accumulate Angeles, significant use of pyrotechnic special
a great deal of political capital and raw power. effects , proxinnity to the public, large
And that power can be brought to bear when numbers of extras , and a number of
it is forced to deal with regulatory agen- other situations that bring about spe-
cies , even a fife department with goals cial circumstances that have the
and motives as straightforward as that potential of compronnising the life
of providing for public safety. safety ofthose involved in and exposed
to the production process. The require-
TheCity of Los Angeles is home ment at this level has been , and will con-
to a very large segment of the motion picture, more than tinue to be , continuous standby of one or
television , and commercial production in- fourtirnes the more Uniformed Fire Safety Officers
dustry. In addition to the location shootings level of activity (UFSO). The UFSO is a uniformed member
that take place , there are more than 80 pro- in all of the rest of Los Angeles County. of the department , trained as a firefighter and
duction studios in the city, ranging from promoted to the rank of Inspector through a
major facilities taking up entire city blocks The Los Angeles Fire Department has a Civil Service examination process, This in-
to converted warehouses in the city s indus- legal mandate to safeguard life and property dividual also receives specified training that
trial district. When considering location and from fife , explosion, panic, or other hazard- includes location requirements and pyro-
studio production in the City of Los Angeles ous conditions that may arise in the use or technic special effects.
alone , the industry generates more than $8 occupancy of buildings , structures , or pre-
billion annually. Arecentlaborstatisticdem- noises. With respect to the issue of filming Over the years, industry has disputed the
onstrated that the Industry employed more locations, the department s two most signifi- requirement for a FSO at a high percentage of
than 73, 000 city residents. Additionally, sur- cant areas of concern are: I) members of the location shootings. The fife department re-
rounding cities, such as Burbank, Culver public being unknowingly placed in poten- sisted dramatic change due to legitimatecon-
City, and Santa Monica are home to asignifi- tialjeopardy by the filnning process, and 2) cern for the safety of cast , crew , extras and
cant amount of production activity. the use of pyrotechnic effects. Also of con- the public. However , econonnic recession
cern are the hazards to which cast, crew , and industry " flight " and change in the politics
The Issue extras are exposed. of city governance have worked together to
The studio environment provides many bring about a mandate for change in the way
challenges in the area of fife prevention and The Process of Change that the city does business with this industry.
life safety, with much attention to fixed sys- For a number of years, the LAFD has Existing FSO requirements were a signifi-
tems that include construction requirements provided three levels of service for location cant aspect of that mandate.
FIRE MAIISHALSASsOCIA'I'ION OF NOi(TH
M\ERICA . Jartuary1995
After many meetings , debates, proposals,
and counter- proposals , an agreement was
Symposium on Elevators, Fire,
hammered out. That agreement is viewed as and Accessibility
alandmarkagreement by industry. It is viewed
with a cautious confidence by a fife depart- The 2nd Symposium on Elevators , Fire and Accessibility will be held April 19- , 1995
ment that, on the surface , has fewer resources in Baltimore , MD. The event is being cosponsored by the American Society of Mechanical
to maintain an acceptable level of fife and life Engineers (ASME) A17 Elevator and Escalator Committee , in conjunction with AEMA
safety in the dynamic environment presented AH&MA , the Access Board , BOCA , BOMA , CABO , EPV A, ICBO , NAEC, NAESA,
by location production. NA VTP, NEIl , National Easter Seal Society, NFPA , NIST Building and Fire Research
Laboratory, PV A , and SBCCI.
The agreement created a Spot - Check Pro-
gram that will replace approximately 95 per- The fIrst symposium was held in February 1991 and was attended by more than 170 people
cent of the CFSO stand- by safety watches. from government and industry. The following presentations were given at the flfstsymposium:
The fife department s Film Desk will be Emergency Operation of Elevators During a Fire Elevator Operation in a High Arnbient
reorganized and increased in size and be- Temperature Environment Sprinklers in Elevator Hoistways and Machine Rooms " and
come a working unit of the Fire Prevention Handicapped Use of Elevators.
Bureau s Public Safety Section. For as many
as 500 location shootings per month , the Following the fIrst Symposium , the ASME A17 Code Coordination Comnnittee met to
previous requirement for a CFSO will be identify potential areas forrevisions to meAl7 and NFPAstandards and to the Model Building
replaced with spot checks by uniformed fife Codes. Some of the major revisions and improvements directly attributable to the fIrSt
inspectors. Industry has agreed to strictsafety symposium are as follows:
guidelines and with procedures for dealing
with chronic code and conditional pernnit . Coordination between the AI7 and NFPA 13 Comnnittees which has resulted in the
violations. clarification of the response of elevators due to sprinkler activation. For example, the
requirements for sprinklers and electrical equipment in the pit were coordinated such that the
At the time of this writing, the Spot- mainline disconnect does not have to be disconnected when the sprinkler is discharged.
Check Program is wending its way through
the legislative/political process. It has re- . A17 is actively pursuing provisions to safely take an elevator out of service when the
ceived the collective blessings of the fife temperature in the machine rooms become too great.
departmen~ the mayor , the City Council'
Public Safety and Budget & Finance Com- . The A17. 1 Code now requires a permanent means to prevent accumulation of water in
nnittees , and industry representatives. It does elevator pits from sprinklers or other sources.
not conflict with the California State Fire
Marshal' s policies, nor does it bring about . A17. 1 and NFPA 72 have recently coordinated the requirements for smoke detector
conflict with the requirements of neighbor- activation of firefighters ' service.
ing fire depattments.
. The Symposium provided a forum for an ongoing dialogue between the ASME, theNFPA
In addition to the Spot- Check Program and the Model Building Codes to work together to coordinate their requirements and keep
the department and industry have agreed to their codes and standards up do date.
create an oversight panel that will provide for
an ongoing review of the program and all . The A 17 Comnnittee gained people with expertise other than elevator expertise to join their
other aspects of the relationship of the two comnnittees providing an invaluable input which would not have otherwise been available.
entities. The panel holds the pronnise of an
interesting and challenging future.
For those interested in the specifics of any
aspect of the Los Angeles City Fire
Have You Got a Story to Tell?
Department's Fire Safety Officer programs
The Fire Marshals Association of North America is looking fora few good writers!
contact Deputy Chief Davis Parsons, Fire
re trying to make The Quarterly a more member-oriented newsletter and we d like
Marshal , Los Angeles City Fire Department
to hear from you. In an effort to encourage more participation among Section
200 N. Main St. Room 920 , Los Angeles members , we re offering a free FMANA golf shirt to anyone who subunits an article
that is printed in The Quarterly. How can you lose? Please send all submissions toBen
Roy, Executive Secretary, P. O. Box 600, Smyrna , DE 19977.
FIRE MARSHALS AssOCIATIO" OF NORTH AMERICA January '1995
Yes! You Can Reach NFPA and
995 Nominations and
Election of Officers The NFPA' s electronic ramp to the " information superhighway " is
by way of active participation in ICHIEFS, the electronic bulletin
Article 8 of the FMANA by- laws requires: board managed by the International Association of Fire Chiefs.
. The President to appoint a nonninating comnnittee con- The NFPA' s folder/directory on ICHIEFS is managed by NFPA
sisting of the First Vice President as chair , and two librarian Arlene Bamhart and contains a wealth of information from
additional members-at- large who are not members of the and about the Association , including:
. The nominating comnnittee must nonninate at least one . news from the Fire Marshals of North America (FMANA).
Fire Technology and NFPA Journal.
candidate for each office that will be available at the next . the tables of content for
Annual Meeting. . an on- line version of Fire News.
. The nonninatingcomnnitteemustreportits nonninations to . NFPA news releases and calendar items.
the Executive Secretary byOctober31 prior to the Annual . the availability of new products.
Meeting- . summaries of fife investigations.
. The report of the nominating comnnittee must be reported . the availability of reports from the NFPA' s Fire Analysis and
in an official publication no later than January 31 priorto Research Division and the National Fire Protection Research
the Annual Meeting. Foundation.
. Candidates other than those named by the nonninating . news from theNFPA' s Public Education and Public Fire Protec-
comnnittee may be nominated by petition of 10 members tion areas.
and shall be received within 45 days after the publication . library acquisitions and prepared bibliographies
of the nominating comnnittee s report. . NFPA classified ads.
President Gabriele has appointed the following individuals In addition to promoting Association awareness , the NFPA' s link
to the 1995 NonninatingComnnittee: Reginald Penney (Chair- to ICHIEFS also makes it possible for you to communicate with NFP A
man) FMANA First Vice President , West Palm Beach , FL; electtonically. If you are already using ICHIEFS , you can contact the
Davis Parsons (Vice Chairman), Member of the FMANA NFPA library at user id NFPALIBRARY and FMANA at user id
Executive Board , Los Angeles , CA; and Members- at- large, FMANA. If you are connected to the Intemet , send your NFP A queries
Les McMillan, President , Alberta Chapter , Calgary, Alberta, to NFPALIBRARY(i!Jconnectinc. com, and your FMANA inquires to
Canada; and John Bender, FPE , Baltimore , MD. FMANA (i!Jconnectinc. com , as you would any e-mail. If you have
questions about NFPA information on ICHIEFS, contact Arlene
The following isthereportofthe nonninatingcomnnittee for Barnhart at the e- mail address above or by phone , (617) 984- 7446.
offices that wiU be open during the 1995 Annual Meeting:
President: Reginald Penney
First Vice President: Wade Schaefer
Second Vice President: Robert Melton
Board at Large (two- year tenus): Davis Parsons
John Robison , Alabama State Fire Marshal
(one- year tenD): James Crawford , FIre Marshal , Portland , OR
(To fill the second year of Robert Melton s term. Fire Marshal
Melton has been nonninated to the office of Second Vice
Additional nonninations may be subnnitted in accordance
with Article 8 oftheFMANA By Laws and must be received
by Executive Secretary Ben Roy by 5 PM (EST), Wednesday,
March 15, 1995.
FI REMAR$HALS4S$O:C:UnlO,..OF"C)RTHA.MERiCA . Janucil'y199 5
, 995 NFPA Fall Meeting lOP Available
The Report on Proposals (ROP), containing the reports of all technical comnnittees presenting material for action at the 1995 NFPA Fall
Meeting in Chicago , November 13- 15, 1995 , has just been released. If you would like a copy, please complete andretum the coupon below.
Recipients of the Technical Comnnittee Reports may comment on the reports until April 7 , 1995. Comments must be subnnitted during the
comment period and will not be accepted at the meeting when the reports are acted on. There are comment forms in the reports.
Comments on these reports should be subnnitted to the secretary of the Standards Council , in the form of proposed amendments , using the
form(s) provided in the Technical Comnnittee Reports and accompanied by supporting data. Comnnittee actions on all comments received will
be published and available on request prior to the Fall Meeting. Anyone subnnitting comments will automatically receive a copy of the Report
Contents of the 1995 Fall Meeting Report on Proposals include:
(P = Partial Revision; W = Withdrawal; R = Reconfirmation; N = New; C = Complete Revision)
Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems 913 Protection of Historic Structures and Sites
Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection 1401 Fire Service Training Reports and Records
Storage of Forest Products 1404 Fire Department Self- Contained Breathing
Bulk Oxygen Systems at Consumer Sites Apparatus Program
5lA Acetylene Cylinder Charging Plants 1405 Land- Based Fire Fighters Who Respond to Marine
59A Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Vessel Fires
Fur Storage , Funnigation and Cleaning 1901 Pumper Fire Apparatus
Health Care Facilities 1902 Initial Attack Fire Apparatus
99B Hypobaric Facilities 1903 Mobile Water Supply Fire Apparatus
110 Emergency and Standby Power Systems 1904 Aerial Ladder and Elevating Platform Fire
III Stored Electrical Energy Emergency and Standby Apparatus
Power Systems 1911 Service Tests of Pumps on Fire Department
121 Self- Propelled and Mobile Surface Mining Apparatus
Equipment 2001 Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems
140 Motion Picture and Television Industry 2002 Fire Suppression System Properties
Storage of Baled Cotton
Storage of Roll Paper
Surface Burning Characteristics of Building
Please send me:
257 Fire Tests of Window Assemblies 1995 Fall Meeting Report on Proposals (ROP- 95FM)
268 Ignitibility of Exterior Wall Assemblies Using a
Radiant Heat Energy Source Name
495 Explosive Materials Code Address
498 Explosives Motor Vehicle Terminals City
SOIA Manufactured Home Installations , Sites , and State ZIP
501C Recreational Vehicles Return this coupon to Customer Service , NFPA , I
SOlD Recreational Vehicle Parks and Campgrounds Batterymarch Park , P. O. Box 9101 , Quincy, MA 02269-
502 Linnited Access Highways , Tunnels, Bridges,
Elevated Roadways, and Air Right Structures
Industrial Fire Brigades
601 Guard Service in Fire Loss Prevention
650 Pneumatic Conveying Systems for Handling
850 Electric Generating Plants
851 Hydroelectric Generating Plants
FIREMARSHALSAS SqCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA I Jllinuary 19.
Technical CommiHees Soliciting Certified Fire Protection
Proposals Specialists (CFPS)
The following comnnittees are planning to meet to begin prepara-
tion of their respective reports. In accordance with the Regulations
Governing Comnnittee Projects, comnnittees are now accepting pro- The Certified Fire Protection Specialist Board recently completed
posals for recommendations on document content on the documents its Fall series of examinations. More than 125 professionals seeking
listed below. Proposals received by 5:00 PM (EST) on the closing date
the CFPS credential registered for one of three test sites offered in
indicated will be acted on by the comnnittee, and that action will be September and October.
published in the comnnittee s report. Proposals must be submitted to
Arthur Cote , PE , Secretary, NFPA Standards Council, on proposal The CFPS certification is the only program to offer professional
forms available from the NFPA Standards Adnninistration Office certification for the fife protection engineering technologist that does
not require an engineering degree. Exam registrations have increased
NFPA , I Batterymarch Park , P. O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-
more than 400 percent in the past nine months.
NFPA 1- 1992 Fire Prevention Code The Certified Fire Protection Specialist Board was formed in 1971
NFPA 36- 1993 to document competency and offer professional certification for
Solvent Extraction Plants 8/1/95
NFPA 51- 1992 Oxygen- Fuel Gas Systems for Welding,
individuals involved in curtailing fIre loss , both physical and finan-
cial , in industrial, commercial, and institutional establishments.
Cutting, and Allied Processes 5/19/95
NFPA 68- 1994 The goal of the CFPS Board is to promote the discipline of fire
Venting of Deflagrations 7121/95
NFPA 69- 1992 protection and prevention.
Explosion Prevention Systems 7/21/95
NFPA 101- 1994 Safety to Life from Fire in Buildings
The CFPS credential is awarded to individuals who have demon-
NFPA402M- I991 Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting strated advanced levels of education and experience in areas such as:
Operations fife behavior , fife hazards , industrial and process fife hazards , build-
NFPA424M- I991 Airport/Community Emergency ing services, alarm and detection systems , building design and
Planning construction , occupancy hazards, sprinkler systems , extinguishing
NFPA 1500- 1992 Fire Department Occupational Safety agents , and transportation hazards.
and Health OPEN
The CFPS credential has been awarded to professionals in the fife
prevention/protection industry such as: fife marshals, fife protection
consultants, fife chiefs, risk and safety managers, loss control special-
ists , inspectors, educators , and design professionals.
The exannination is an " open book" format based upon the
NFPA Vision and principles found in theNFPA Fire Protection Handbook 17th
Mission Statements Edition. This text serves as the foundation for the credential and as the
primary study reference.
During the 1994 NFP A Annual Meeting in San Francisco A recent poll of Certified Fire Protection Specialists showed that
President George Miller unveiled the Association s new the extensive preparation for the exam provided applicants renewed
Vision and Mission Statements: insights and knowledge about their professional responsibilities.
In addition , Certified Fire Protection Specialists enjoy many profes-
NFPA Vision- Our vision is that by the year 2000, NFPA sional rewards including: increased employer and public confidence
will be recognized worldwide as a prennier source for the in their abilities , a nationally recognized credential, unlinnited net-
development and dissemination of fife safety information. working and educational opportunities, and career advancement
Mission Statement - Our nnission is to reduce the burden
offlfe on the quality oflife by advocating scientifically- based Registrations for the 1995 exanninations are now being accepted.
consensus codes and standards , research , and education for The 1995 examinations will be held in 15 different cities and at four
flfe- and related safety issues. different times during the year. For exam registration forms and
information about the CFPS certification , call (508) 881- 6044.
FIREMARSHALS~SO~IATIc)N . cjF NO*THAA\Elti~ 1..Jcinu~ry 'l995
FMANA Codes and Standards Forum
by Wade Schaefer, FMANA Second Vice President
The FMANA Codes and Standards Fo- viewed along with material safety data sheets dinate requirements to be incorporated into
rum was held at the NFPA Annual Meeting and toxicological data where available. The the revised edition of NFP A 43D.
on Monday, May 16, 1994 , in San Francisco Chlorine Institute is challenging the health
to discuss significantorcontroversialchanges hazard rating established for chlorine. NFPA485
that were to be acted on at the meeting. NFPA 485 is a proposed new standard
NFP A 325 Fire Hazard Properties of Flam- that addresses the requirements for facilities
NFPA 30B mabk Liquids, Gases, and Volatik Solids that store, handle, process, or use solid or
NFPA Senior Flammable Liquids Engi- The comnnittee also completed a partial molten lithium. The key to the application of
neer Robert Benedetti apprised the attendees revision to about 100 chennical entries in this standard for finished parts or scrap is that
that the 1994editionofNFPA30B Codefor NFP A 325, Fire Hazard Properties of Flam- the material must exhibit the burning charac-
the Manufacture and Storage of Aerosol mable Liquids, Gases, and Volatile Solids. teristics of lithium. This information can be
Products proposestoincorporatethefollow- This revision primarily served to incorporate obtained from the MSDS (Material Safety
ing significant changes from the previous the changes to chemical entries in NFPA 325 Data Sheet) provided by the manufacturer.
(1990) edition: causea by the changes to NFPA 49. The
comnnittee has initiated a sinnilar review of The standard does not apply to the pri-
I. The procedure fordeterrnining the haz- the hazard ratings for all the chennicals in mary production of solid lithium or to fillely
ard level classification of an aerosol product NFPA 325 in accordance with the criteria in divided solid forms of dry lithium or when
has been completely revised from a proce- NFPA 704. dispersed in a flammable liquid. Finely di-
dure based on the relative amounts of flam- vided lithium powder exhibits pyrophoric
mablecomponents (propellant and base prod- NFPA 43D and 485 properties. The main message found in the
uct) present in the nnixture to a procedure that Martha Curtis , NFP A staffliaison to NFP A standard is to keep water away from and out
is based on the actual heats of combustion, in 43D and NFPA 485, provided the following of areas containing in- process lithium. Seal-
kilo Joules per gram , of all components hav- information: ing techniques for water- tight construction
ing flash points below 500"F. The designa- for roofs, floors, walls and doors should be
tions Levell , Level 2 , and Level 3 have been NFPA 43D, Code for the Storage of used. There should be no primary storage of
retained. Pesticides ordinary combustible materials and flam-
NFPA 43D is a complete revision of the mable or combustible liquids in lithium pro-
2. The requirement for an explosion sup- 1986 edition of the code. The document is cessing areas. Also , there should be no open
pression system for flammable propellant focused on Restricted Use Pesticides that are flames, torches, grinding or spark producing
pump rooms has been deleted , as these op- FIFRA registered. The proposed new edition operations unless following approved hot
erations are not normally occupied. of thee ode contains tiITeechapters including: work procedures and NFPA SIB (welding
3. The tables for fife protection criteria for Chapter I: The scope/purpose/applica-
aerosol product storage areas have been re- tion and relevant definitions for applying the The standard contains seven chapters w ith
vised to incorporate new data and to clarify code. requirements aimed at reducing the hazards
the intended requirements. resulting from handling, processing and stor-
Chapter 2: The general requirements for ing lithium. These chapters include:
NFPA 49, Hazardous Chemicals Data hazard management , structures and build-
NFPA ChiefChennical and Marine Engi- ings; control of ignition sources; fife protec- Chapter I: The scope/purpose/applica-
neerGuy Colonna reported that the Comnnit- tion; loading and unloading facilities , hazard tion and relevant defmitions for applying the
tee on Classification and Properties of Haz- identification and training. standard.
ardous Chennicals Data completed a total
revision to NFP A 49, Hazardous Chemicals Chapter 3: The storage separation re- Chapter 2: General safety precautions.
Data. The primary focus for the revision was quirements; segregation of incompatible
the NFPA 704 hazard ratings for each of the materials; pesticide storage location; storage Chapter 3: Requirements for building
300 plus chennical entries. The committee conditions; storage arrangements. construction (noncombustible or equi valent).
reviewed toxicological data in order to imple-
ment the quantitative health hazard rating The comnnittee worked with the EP A and Chapter 4: Requirements for safe han-
criteria according to the 1990 edition of the Agricultural Chennical Industry to coor- dling and processing of solid and molten
NFPA 704. Each chemical entry was re- lithium.
FIRE MARSHALS ASSOCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA. January 1995
Chapter 5: Storage requirements for solid 4. Cost savings between 1/2" and 3/4"
The Official Model
or molten lithium (restriction on height of not significant. Rocket Motor
storage and aisle width). The material savings for the piping mate-
rial between 1/2" and 3/4" is approximately
Chapter 6: Fire protection requirements 42 percent. In addition , 1/2" can be installed by J. Patrick Miller
for lithium handling, processing and storage much faster than 3/4" . This will result in an National Association of
areas (special listed Class D fIre extinguish- additional savings since approximately the Rocketry
ing agents required). same amount of pipe , 1/2" or 3/4" , is used in Member, NFPA Commil-
a grid system. tee on Pyrotechnics
Chapter 7: Requirements for personal
protective equipment for lithium handling 5. No significant total cost savings. The National Associa-
operations (Specialized personal protective The cost per square foot for the Prince tionofRocketry(NAR) is
equipment is needed for this activity). George County installation was $.37. This a not- far- profit organiza-
cost relates a selling price to the builder of tion for consumers of
NFPA 13D ResidentiaISprinkkrSystems 50persquarefootwhich appears to be only model rocket products
Proposed TIA 50- 66 percent of the current market pricing. sometimes called sport rocket products.
Harry Shaw of Harry Shaw and Associ- Founded in 1957 , the NAR is dedicated to
, talked about the proposed TIA for
ates Inc. 6. Grid system was used for calcula- consumer safety on the model rocket flying
1/2" NonMetallicPipeforNFPA 13D Resi- tions. field.
dential Sprinkler Systems. NFPA 13D allows grid systems provid-
1994 NFPA 13 proposal cycle , the comnnit- ing hydraulic calculations used in accor- The NAR is an affiliate of the Hobby
tee and the NFPA membership had many dance with Chapter 6 ofNFPA 13. Industry of America (HIA; Elmwood Park
concems for not pernnitting the use of 1/2" NJ) and the International Astronautical Fed-
non metallic pipe. These concerns and the 7. There is no requirementthatall 1/2"
eration (lAF; Paris , France). Since 1967 , the
answers included: NARhas been a voting memberoftheNFPA
systems be grid systems.
Comnnittee on Pyrotechnics. G. Harry Stine
The primary NFPA 13D requirement for
its longtimecomnnittee representative , served
1. Flexihility a problem if a domestic UL listed non metallic pipe is an approved
as Chairman from 1974 until his retirement
fIXture was opened. hydraulic design regardless of type of sys- earlier this year.
Flexibility is a function of the total system tem.
design, not only the sizes of the piping used.
In 1959, the NAR established its Stan-
The flexibility is directly related to the " 8. Clogging problems. dards & Testing Comnnittee , the purpose of
factor" of the system. Althongh the comnnittee statements do which is to test and certify model rocket
not include any adverse comments about motors prior to sale to consumers. A number
2. Multi- purpose piping systems need clogging, some NFPA members did raise of states and locales use the NAR Certifica-
an additional water supply (if part of grid this issue from the floor during the 1993 tion as a prerequisite for sale of model rocket
system). NFPA Fall Meeting. A survey was con- motors to consumers.
Based upon the original goals of the 1980 ducted of water authorities and organizations
NFPA 13Dand the reported experience with that would either have an awareness or be The NAR' s testing procedures are de-
residential sprinkler successful activations, affected in the event blockage or clogging rived from the standards contained in NFP A
there does not appear to be justification for a was a problem. The people contacted were 1122 Code for Model RockEtry, and NFPA
requirement to provide additional water. not aware of or did not believe there was a 1125, Manufacture of Model Rocket Motors.
clogging problem attributed to 1/2" non me- Motors passing these procedures are issued
3. Hydraulic problems with the use of tallic pipe. NAR Certification and pernnitted to display
1/2" non metallic pipe with NFPA 13D the NAR' s registered trademark.
residential sprinkler systems. He stated that although the only concern
The Prince George s County program of the NFPA membership may be the ques- If you would like a copy of the NAR'
using " a
water in the bucket" test under the testing procedures and/or a listing of certified
tion whether 112" non metallic pipe is techni-
supervision of the County Fire Protection rocket motors, please contact: C. James Cook,
cally acceptable , it may be relevant to con-
Department , clearly demonstrated no hy- Secretary, NAR Standards & Testing Com-
sider the possible reliability and cost advan-
nnittee , 9 Oakhurst Road, Hopkinton , MA
draulic problems using 1/2" non metallic tages if it is allowed to be used.
01748, or call NAR headquarters, (800) 262-
pipe with a multi- purpose piping grid sys-
tem. Prince George County has approved the
NORTHAA\ERlcAl Jciitu.-rY 1 99$
FMANA to Host Three Fire Protection Institutes
One of the goals ofFMANAis to provide . Fire Endurance Evaluation - Design Room reservations should be made di-
educational and professional development for protection of doors , windows , assem- rectly with the hotel. You must advise the
opportunities through technological pro- blies including walls , floors , andceilings. hotel you are a part of the FMANAIFlorida
grams. Innovative methods. Fire College group in order to secure the
. Construction and Structural Features above listed rates.
The FMANA Fire Protection Institute is - Compartmentalization. Design to
the vehicle developed by our organization to restrict flfespread. Compartment involve- Holiday lnn Ocala West
meet that goal. The institute courses have ment theory. Performance of basic 3621 W. Silver Spring Boulevard
been designed to provide information to the material. Ocala , FL 34474
fife code enforcement official not readily . Materials Application - Evaluation of (904) 629- 0381 or (800) 942-4420
available through other courses or seminars furnishings , finishes , floor coverings.
currently offered. Additionally, these courses Fire spread , h~at and smoke production Baltimore MD-July 10- , 1995
are offered at the lowest possible cost , so that toxicity evaluation.
they are affordable to the participant. Maritime Institute of Technology &
. Life Risk Analysis - Tenability limits
Graduate Studies (MITAGS)
human behavior factors , attitudes
Linthicum Heigbts , MD.
The five- day course Principles of Fire vulnerability, inhibition- facilitation.
Protection Engineering, " (formerly known MITAGS isjustnninutes from Baltimore-
. Fire Protection Design Evalnation -
as the " Basic
Washington International Airport and is eas-
Course ) was developed by Procedures for the evaluation of fife
ily accessible via 1- 95. MIT AGS provides a
John Bryan , Ed. , retired chairman of the safety. Smoke control , air conditioning
department of fire protection engineering at room plus three meals and a late night snack
and ventilation systems. Logic diagram
for $1O9/day. Participants are encouraged to
the University of Maryland. We are indeed analysis.
fortunate to have a person of Dr. Bryan stay at the facility since after-hours interac-
. Design of Water Suppression Systems
stature involved in the development of our tion between classmates has proven extremely
- Basic characteristics of system. Design
curriculum. beneficial in the past. Room reservations
for pipe schedule systems , hydraulically
should be made directly with the Institute.
calculated and balanced systems.
Three offerings of " Principles of Fire Pro- . Sprinkler System Developments -
tectionEngineering " are scheduled for 1995: Maritime Institute of Technology
Detector acti vated sprinkJersystems , plas-
Ocala, FL, March 20- 24; Baltimore , MD 5700 Hammonds Ferry Road
tic pipe systems, quick response , extended
July 10- 14; and Reno , NY , July 24- 29.
Linthicum Heights, MD 21090
(410) 859- 5700
. Egress and Exits - Basic theoretical
General Information concepts , protection features , computa-
tion of egress components , design vari- Reno, NV-July24- 29, 1995
. Each session is restricted to 50
. The instructional staff for the Institutes ables.
. Detection and Alarm Systems Reno, NY
will include Dr. John Bryan and Dr. James -
Thermal , pressure , flame , smoke activa- The facility is located nninutes from the
Milke of the Department of Fire Protection Reno International Airport and is easily ac-
Engineering, University of Maryland. tion. Reliability, installationdesignchar-
cessible via 1- 80. Arrangements have been
. The fee for the Institutes is $250 for mem-
made with the Eldorado to provide rooms at
bers ofNFPA or FMANA; $295 for non- the special rate of $79 /day single or double
members. This registration fee covers the Ocala , FL - March 20- , 1995 occupancy. Reservations mustbemade prior
course and course materials only. Expenses Florida State Fire College
to June 24 , 1995 , to ensure the special rate.
associated with travel lodging, and meals (BureauofFireStandards and Training) Reservations should be made directly with
are not covered by the registration fee. 11655 N. W. Gainesville Road
the hotel. You must advise the hotel you are
Ocala , FL
a part of the FMANA group in order to secure
Topics for the " Principles of Fire Protec- The facility is located approximately 30
the above listed rates.
tion Engineering " Institute include: nninutes from the Gainesville airport and is
. Combustion and Ignition Phenomenon easily accessible via 1- 75. Arrangements
Theories of combustion , flame types , fife have been made with the Holiday Inn Ocala
Fourth & Virginia Streets
propagation. Suppression theory and ap- West for a special room rate of $34/day
P. O. Box 3399
plication of suppression agents. single or double occupancy. Reservations
Reno , NV 89505
must be made prior to February 18 , 1995 , to
ensure the special rate. (702) 786- 5700 or (800) 648- 5966
FIRE MAR$HALSAssOCIATIONOF NORTH AMERICA I Jainuary1995
r--- ---- --- Institute Registration Form Codes and Standards News
(Please print or type)
FMANA Fire Protection
The registration fee for the five- day Institute program is $250 for NFP A or
FMANA members; $295 for non-members. You can register now and we will Named to NFPA
Name: Standards Council
bill you later (please include Purchase Order); or if you prefer, you can provide a
$50 deposit or the complete registration fee of $250/$295 with this form.
Work Security Zip:
D Check if you are an NFPA Member (Membership #)
D Check if you are a FMANA Member
I D Check if you are a Chapter Member (name of Chapter)
Please enroll me in:
3/20 to 3/24 1995 in Ocala
7/10 to 7/14 , 1995 in Baltimore
7/24 to 7/29 , 1995 in Reno
Principles of Fire Protection Engineering Davis (Dave) Parsons , Fire Marshal of the
City of Los Angeles, and member of the
FMANAExecutive Board, has been appointed
to a three- year term on the NFPA Standards
Please choose one of the Following. Mr. Parsons has served as Los Angeles
Please register me in the course I have selected and bill me later
I D Fire Marshal for the past five years and also
: D Enclosed is a purchase order number: holds the rank of Deputy Chief. He has been
a member of the Los Angeles City Fire De-
Enclosed is a check for:
I D $50.
I D $250 or $295 registration fee (make checks payable to NFPA)
partment for more than 32 years.
Dave holds a bachelor s degree from
Redlands University; is a graduate of the
Please charge the following amount to my credit card National Fire Academy Executive Fire Of-
00 deposit D $250 registration fee D $295 registration fee ficer Program; and was the recipient of a
I D $50.
FEMA Fire Service Fellowship to Harvard
Mastercard No. Exp. Date: University, JFK School ofGovemment , where
Visa No. Exp. Date: he completed the program for Senior Execu-
tives in State and Local Government.
The registrationfee covers the course and course materials only. Expenses
associated with travel. lodging, or meals are not covered by the registration fee.
Dave serves on the Board of Directors of
please mail this form to:
Ben Roy, Executive Secretary
the NFPA' s Aviation Section on the Motion
Picture and Television Industry Technical
Comnnittee. Heis also an associate member of
the Society of Fire Protection Engineers.
Fire Marshals Association of North America
L- (617) 984-7424 or FAX: (302)653-
~1I~.;s-JiSsOCI~f!q"QF:o"C)RTHAMERICA 0 Jallua.y199$
A LeHer Regarding the ISFSI/ Alliance
In the past few weeks, the NFPA has received many inquiries concerning its position relative to the request by Ed McCormack of the
ISFSI/Allio;nce to the American NaJional Standards Institute (ANSI) to have the ISFSI/Allio;nce become an accredited standards making
entity. It is Mr. McComuu:k' s intent to have the ISFSI/Allio;nce developfire service related standards. Following
is a kiter that NFPA Vice
President and Chief Engineer Art Cote sent to the Allio;ncefor Fire and Emergency Management
on December 15 1994:
The Alliance for Fire and Emergency Management afire fighter is career or volunteer... The issue here is safety and the
30 Main Street protectian of human life. (Emphasis added.
Ashland , MA 01721- 1187
Attn: Ms. Mary McCormack , Secretary I certainly could not agree more with Ed' s statement. While there
Standards Cabinet are operational differences between the career and volunteer fife
service fife doesn t distinguish between whether fIre fighters are
Dear Ms. McCormack: career or volunteer and standards developed to provide nninimum
levels of safety and training should not either.
It was with a great deal of interest that I read your letter of
September 29 and the attachments that you included. It is very Inyourletter , you state: " As you can well understand, associations
difficult for me to understand how the material in your letter addresses must continue to be responsive to the needs and concerns of their
the issues raised in my lettertoJames Lapping, Chairman of the ANSI members. " Standards developing organizations do not write stan-
Executive Standards Council, indicating NFPA' s opposition to the dards for " their" members. They write standards for the benefit of the
ISFSI/Alliance developing fire service standards that are both public at large. If every membership organization decided that it
overlapping and conflicting. The material that you sent to me actually should apply for ANSI accreditation and become a standards devel-
raises many more questions and creates significant inconsistencies oper in order to address only the needs of its own membership, the
with earlier positions of the ISFSI/Alliance and its officers relating to entire standards making system would ultimately collapse due to the
fife service standards that have been and are being developed. In myriad of conflicts and confusion that would arise from the many
earlier statements , these individuals and your organization have parochial standards that would bedeveloped. The basis forassunning
extolled the virtues and the positive impact thatNFP A standards have the responsibility of developing standards should be mnch broader
had on the fire service. than responding to the linnited number of members that belong to the
various components of the Alliance. This is also in contlict with one
I feel compelled to point out these inconsistencies and again
of the major objectives and purposes of ANSI which states: " ANSI
question the need for the ISFSI/Alliance to get into the standards ensures that a single set of non conflicting American National
making business. Hopefully, you will be able to provide some insight Standards are developed by ANSI-accredited standards developers
as to why there has been a significant change in position on the part and that all interests concerned have the opportunity to participate in
of the ISFSI/ Alliance and how your decision to develop multiple the development process.
conflicting standards will improve the delivery of fire protection
In your letter, pat! of your rationale for beconning an accredited
An article by Ed McCormack , Chief Executive Officer of ISFSI standards making body is the fact that the Alliance s Fire Department
in the Spring 94 Edition of Fire Professional states the following: Safety Officers Association (FDSOA) wanted to develop a perfor-
mance standard based on NFPA 1521 , Standard for Fire Department
There is an important thing that many of us - all the world over- Safety Officer. TheFDSOA felt that there should be additional levels
have lost sight of. And that is that fife doesn t know the difference beyond the comprehensive program established in NFP A 1521. It is
between languages , colour, country, culture or sex. Nor does it know interesting to note that at the time this occurred , Captain David
-or care- whether it is being fought by a paid fIrefighter or a volunteer Dodson , Chair of the FDSOA was on the NFPA Fire Service
one. Fire does not concem itself such irrelevant details; fIre kills and Occupational Safety and Health Comnnittee representing the Alli-
maims - randomly and without warning. In any country, it is the ance/FDSOA and chaired the 1521 Task Group. At no time did
enemy. Captain Dodson bring before thecomnnittee or the NFPA 1521 Task
Group the need to modify NFPA 1521 in the manner being proposed
Therefore, it is essential thatallflrefighters around the world are nor did the ISFSI/Alliance or the FDSOA recommend to theNFPA
provided with the same levels of training, safety equipment, protec- Standards Council the need for the development of additional safety
tive equipment" and safety programs. The issue here is not whether officer levels to support a certification program. You indicate that
FIREMAR$HALS ASsOCIAJIONOF NORTH AMERICA'.Januciry1995
levels of performance was an FDSOA issue and not an NFPAissue. volunteer and career fITe fighters. For you to indicate that NFPA'
Since NFPA has a fife department safety officer standard , I would involvement with the fire service is only a recent event is absolutely
disagree that this is not an NFP A issue and certainly do not understand inaccurate. Furthermore , I don t understand how you can compare
how this justifies the establishment of another standards making the NFPA' s long involvement with the fife service to your recent
organization that will develop overlapping and conflicting fife ser- move , less than six months ago, to establish a volunteer fife fighter
vice standards. association to compete with the only longstanding national volunteer
organization , the National Volunteer Fire Council.
You further justify the need for the ISFSUAlliance to become a
standards making entity by stating thatitis necessary in order to "meet You have listed six items to further justify your perceived need for
the needs of the members of the Alliance s membership associations. the development of separate standards for the volunteer fife service.
In most cases , these needs are not those expressed by members of These include a statement relating to NFPA 600, Industrial Fire
NFPA." I would rennind you that there is no need to be a member of Brigades; the statement " efforts by some in the fife service to have
NFPA to patticipate in the standards making process or to subunit NFPA 1500 adopted to replace OSHA' s 1910. 156 " Fire Brigades
proposals for change to an NFP A document. In addition many of the the statement regarding a request to the NFPA to have it create a
members of ISFSUAlliance are also members of the NFPA , and as technical comnnittee to develop standards for paid , career fife depatt-
pointed out in my letter of September 22 , 1994 to James Lapping, ments; and the statement that there is a proposed amendment
ISFSU Alliance has members on many NFP A fife service comnnittees. exempting volunteers, to a proposed piece of Federal legislation , the
In fact Mr. Lou Amabili has been the Chairman of the Fire Officer Comprehensive OSHA Reform Act. I do not see how these issues
Professional Qualifications Comnnittee since 1984 and a member of which have yet to be decided relate to or justify the need for the
the comnnittee since it was fIrSt created in 1972. Therefore , I do not development of separate standards for volunteer fife fighters.
agree with your statement that the issues which the ISFSUAlliance
wishes to address are not shared by members ofNFPA. One of the most significant distortions offact that has been carried
out by the ISFSUAlliance recently and which is contained in your
You attempt to indicate that only the ISFSU Alliance is addressing attachment to justify the need for separate nninimum training stan-
the needs of the volunteer fife service by indicating that the ISFSI dards is the erroneous statement that the Professional Qualification
established a Volunteer Instructors Section within ISFSI in 1974. Standards, established by the Joint Council of Fire Service Organiza-
Evidently you are not awareofNFPA' s long involvernent with both tions, were intended to apply only to the career fife service.
the career and volunteer fife service. In 1933 NFPA established the
Volunteer Firernen s Section and began publishing the fIrst profes- You indicate that there was an understanding among the organiza-
sionaljoumalforvolunteers , the " Volunteer Firemen. " Overtime the tions involved and the technical comnnittees at the time (1972) that
members dropped the distinction between volunteer and career, and the standards would apply solely to career personnel. This is simply
as you mention , NFPA' s Fire Service Section continues today with not true. In fact in 1979 theISFSlpublished in its newsletter " Instruct-
representation from both segments of the fife service. Gram " that:
You also state that " NFPA' s true involvement... " with the fife The nature of the standards , and their reason for being, how-
service only began with the adoption ofNFPA 1001 in 1974 and that ever , are equalJy applicable for both the paid and volnnteer fife service
prior to that " NFP A had been an organization for the development personnel. There can be no question that volunteer firefighters take
of standards for use primarily by the fire insurance industry. their responsibility as fIrefighters as seriously as full- time employed
NFPA' s long history of involvement with the fife service is well fIrefighters; it follows that they take their performance as fIrefighters
known. A standard for threads on fire hose couplings was published seriously. Volunteers, jnst as paid personnel, need to know what to
in 1905 and the flfstedition of what became NFPA 19, Automotive do and how to do it. The public and other members of the company
Fire Apparatus , was published in 1914. Comnnitteesdealingwithfire depend on it. And uniform standards for fire personnel can help by
service issues met regularly in the 1920' s. The NFPA Forest Fire serving as guidelines for acceptable levels of performance.
Comnnittee , which dealt with rural and forest fife issues , was estab-
lished in 1930 and published their fIrst document in 1935 Fire So we have a system through which fire service personne~ both
Prevention and Protection of Summer Homes in Forested Areas. paid and volunteer, may move and progress, in afashion which is
Volunteer Fire Depattments for Rural and Small Community Ser- logicalandtiedroactuallevels of performance. " (Emphasis added.
vice " was adopted in 1947. TheFireServiceTrainingComnnitteewas
established in 1941. In 1906 the Fire Marshal's Association of North As you stated, the ISFSI has been an active fife service organiza-
America became affiliated with the NFP A. tion and has been involved with the volunteer fire service since the
mid-seventies and ISFSI was and still is a member of various NFPA
NFPA member sections such as the Fire Service Section and the professional qualifications committees. Mr. Larry Davis , the current
Wildland Fire Management Section have always involved both Chairman of the Board of the ISFSU Alliance has served on the NFP A
FIREMiOHALSASSij'CIAtlijN~OFNoRrlt ' .AM'RICA' Ii ;" JanuarY 1995
c ' ,c":,,,.. 'c. c.
Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications Committee , which is respon- lions, Book Three that " training and education requirements of
sibleforNFPA 1001 , Fire FighterProfessionalQualifications; NFPA
NFPA 1500 are much more stringent and better defined " and " are
1002 , Fire Apparatus Driver/Operator Professional Qualifications;
much more measurable " when comparing OSHA requirements with
andNFPA 1003, Airport Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications. In NFPA 1500. In fact Mr. Davis states that the development of
Mr. Davis ' book Rural Firefighting Operations, Book One pub-
NFPA 1500 is probably the most revolutionary firefighter safety
lished in 1985 by ISFSI , Mr. Davis states In 1976 , NFPA 1021 developmentsince the introduction of the portable radio. (Emphasis
Standard for Fire Officer Professional Qualifications, was adopted as added.
a result of actions taken by the National Professional Qualifications
Board for the Fire Service oftheJoint Council of National Fire Service You also raise a concern about the fact that NFPA standards are
Organizations. This Standard was wrilten so that any fire depart- reviewed for possible revision on a five year cycle. Thatrequirement
mentwhethercareerorvolunteer, can use it.. (Emphasis added. is not an NFP A requirement but an ANSI requirement, from whom
you seek accreditation as a standards developer. I assume you would
In light of your participation in the development of the Profes- also be required to comply with that requirement and revise any
sional Qualification standards and the statements quoted above I documents that you publish on a sinnilar schedule.
don t understand how you can now try to deny that these standards
have always been intended to apply to both career and volunteer fife Another inaccurate statement contaired in your supporting mate-
fighters. In your own response you take credit for the role of Mr. rial is that NFPA staff had indicated to you that when writing
Davis ' books and " how they were intended to help the volunteer fife standards for all fire departments , the standards had to be written for
the largest departments. " That simply is not the case.
The professional qualifications standards were originalJy devel- NFPA standards as you are aware establish nninimum require-
oped to be applicable to both volunteer and career as you are well ments and the fact is that many departments , both large and small , go
aware, and overthepast twenty years literaIJy tens of thousands offlfe beyond them. In fact ISFSI/Alliance Chairman Larry Davis , in his
fighters both volunteer and career have been certified by state training book Rural Firefighting Operations, Book Three, states that one
organizations as meeting the standards. must remember that NFPA 1500 was wriltenfor allfire depart-
ments large and smalL" Also he states that NFPA 1500 was
In another section of the report you have used NFPA 1500, intelUkd to saJisfy the safety needsIn all departments- large and
Standard for a Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health small, career, volunteer or combina&m , rural or urban. (Empha-
Program , to justify the need to have multiple standards for the sis added.
volunteer fife service. You indicate that volunteer fife fighters did not
have input into the standard. This , again , is false. There has always Another uniustified statement that you make relating to the NFP A
been representation from the National Volunteer Fire Council on the fife service standards concerns a Recommended Practice (not a
committee and other volunteer organizations have become very standard) that is being developed addressing fife fighter physical
involved since the issuance of the fIrst edition and have representa- fitness , NFPA 1583. As you know , both the ISFSI/Alliance and its
tives on the committee. In addition during the development of both affiliate , Fire Department Safety Officers Association , have repre-
the first edition in 1987 and the second edition in 1992 , there was sentatives on the Fire Service Occupational Safety and Health Com-
significant public involvement dITring both the public proposal and nnittee which is developing the proposed NFPA 1583, Thisdocument
the public comment periods, with literally thousands of proposals and is underdevelopment at this time , and to try to forecast the recommen-
comments being subnnitted , many by the volunteer fife service. Many
dations it may offer or to indicate possible negative impacts that it may
of those proposals and comments provided information that was have is extremely alarmist in nature. The committee is currently
incorporated into the document. evaluating the public input that has been received. When the
document is completed , itis my opinion that it will establish clear and
Your letter indicates thatNFPA 1500 created a problem because reasonable guidelines for developing a fife fighter physical evalua-
the professional qualifications standards, that you have long sup- tion program because it is being developed by a balanced committee
ported and extolled the virtues of, were now part of a safety and health
offITeservice , medical, legal and other interests , including the ISFSI/
document that made them mandatory. The fact of the matter is that, Alliance, who are knowledgeable of the physical requirements offlfe
as you well know , NFPA standards are voluntary and not mandatory. fighting.
This does not preclude a govemmental agency from adopting and
enforcing them if they believe that it"is in the public interest. It is You made a statement in the material that you sent to me that the
interesting to note that ISFSI/Alliance Chairman Larry Davis wrote medical requirements contained in NFPA 1582 , Standard for Fire
in the book that you published in 1990 Rural Fi~efighting Opera- Fighter Medical Requirements ... may be a necessity for career
FIRE MARSHALS ASSOCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA. January 1995
departments , it is very unlikely that many in the volunteer service
could meet all of the requirements of 1582. " I believe that you are
NFPA Hosts Third State Fire
underestimating both the quality of the people that make up the Marshals Forum
volunteer fife service and also the reasonableness of NFPA 1582.
When that standard was issued in 1992 there was some latitude NFPA President George Miller hosted the third State Fire Mar-
incorporated , which allows the attending physician to use discretion shals Forum at Association headquarters in Quincy, MA , October 27-
in making many decisions based on the individuals medical condi- , 1994.
tionsandcapabilities. !tis also interesting that you have incorporated
a requirement for compliance with NFPA 1582 into your proposed Thirty-nine State Fire Marshals spent two full days discussing
standard for volunteer fife department organization and operation areas of mutual concern and mapping out strategies so that the NFPA
even though you indicate that you believe that it is a burden on the and fife marshals can work to improve fife protection and fife safety
volunteer fife service. into the next century. The program for the Forum was developed by
a peer group planning task force consisting of State Fire Marshals
Rocco Gabriele , Francis McGarry, Tom Brace , A. D. Bell, and John
Section 6- 2* of the proposed ISFSII Alliance standard states that
Compliance with the requirements of NFPA 1582- 1992 shall
fulfill all of the requirements of this standard. " A- 1.2 states that Specific subjects included performance based codes and stan-
Volunteer fife departments should adopt and comply with NFPA dards; break-out discussions with NFPA staff; trends in public fire
1582. " How can the ISFSIIAlIiance on one hand state that NFPA safety education; the forum round- table; emergency management and
1582 is unrealistic for the volunteer fife service , and use this as a the fife service; NFPA' s role in the codes and standards process; and
justification for the need for you to develop volunteer fife service a wrap-up session.
standards, and on the other hand make NFPA 1582 a requirement of
your proposed standard? The performance based codes and standards segment of the
program was moderated by New York State Fire Adnninistrator
Inclosing I would like to reiterate what I stated in my originalletter Francis McGarry and featured presentations on:
to James Lapping opposing the accreditation of another fife service
standards making process that intends to develop standards that Peiformance Based Codes and Standards The Big Picture
overlap or conflict with existing NFPA standards. The ISFSII by J. Kenneth Richardson , Head, National Fire Laboratory, Na-
Alliance has been very involved in the NFPA process and played a tional Research Council of Canada Institute for Research in Construc-
significant role in the development of fife service standards. tion and Member , NFP A Board of Directors.
There are presently ten (10) representatives from ISFSII Alliance The New Zealand Experience with Peiformance Based Building
servingoneight(8) differentNFP A technical comnnittees. We would Codes
encourage your organization to continue to work through the NFPA by Jonathan Bamett , Assistant Professor, Fire Protection Engi-
neering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
system. The ISFSIIAlliance has been very active and effective in
developing and marketing excellent products such as manuals, books,
Current Trends and Peifol1nance Based Standards Develop-
and senninars related to current standards. I continue to believe that
ment Within the United States
the development of overlapping and conflicting standards will only
by James Milke , Assistant Professor , Fire Protection Engineering,
cause confusion among the users relating to legal liability over which
University of Maryland.
standards should be applied and may lead to a division among
emergency service providers, This will only lead to an environment
that will be harmful to the public being served and clearly does not
support ANSI's goal of elinninating conflicts and nnininnizing dupli-
cation among American National Standards.
Atthur E. Cote , PE
Vice President and Chief Engineer - i "f"
cc: Robert Armstrong, American National Standards Inst. (ANSI)
Third State Fire Marshals Forum
FIRE MARSHALS ASSOCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA . January 1995
Perfonnance Based Codes and Standards
NFPA' s Role and
by Arthur Cote , Vice President and Chief Engineer, NFPA.
The Challenges Presented in the Administration and Enforce-
ment of Perfonnance Based Standards
by Charles Kime , Executive Assistant Chief and Fire Marshal
Phoenix Fire Department.
After the presentations were completed , an interactive round- table
discussion was held between forum participants and the presenters.
This session was probably the most comprehensive presentation on
the subject of performance based codes ever presented to the fife
service and the presenters provided a valuable overview of a subject
that will be confronting all code enforcers in the next decade. Most Nomination of Tom Brace leading discussion se.5sion
attendees considered this presentation the highlight of the Forum , and
felt the subject matter should be expanded upon at future Forums.
Break out discussions with NFPA staff included two one- hour
sessions on the following subjects:
NFPA Fire Prevention Code with Steven Sawyer, Life Safety
specialist & staff liaison to the NFPA I Technical Comnnittee.
A Demonstration of the Electronic Life Safety Code" with Rick
Sterling, end user computing manager.
The Learn Not to Bum Champion Program - A Statewide Ap-
proach" with Judy Comoletti , manager of public education.
Fire Protection Halon Update " with Casey Grant , chief systems
and applications engineer.
The program on public education was moderated by Georgia State
Fire Marshal A. D. Bell and included a presentation entitled "Why is
America Still Burning?" by Carl Holmes , Oklahoma City Assistant
Fire Chief (retired). Mr. Holmes ' remarks were thought- provoking
and pinpointed several reasons why we are not as successful with a FMANA President Rocco Gabriele leading
public fife safety education programs as we should be. Forum Round Table discussion
The State Fire Marshals Forum Round- Table was moderated by
Maryland State Fire Marshal Rocco Gabriele and began with a
presentation by NFPA President George Miller on " NFPA' s Role in
the Codes and Standards Process. " The presentation outlined NFPA'
extremely active role in the codes and standards making process as
well as the direction NFP A is taking with respect to maintaining and
enhancing its position in this field.
Minnesota State Fire Marshal Thomas Brace gave a presentation
and lead the participants on a lively discussion on the subject of
Emergency Management and the Fire Service.
Alabama State Fire Marshal John Robison moderated the final
session of the Forum , entitled Where Does the State Fire Marshals
Forum Go From Here?" All attendees believed the Forums should be
continued and that the current planning Task Force should remain in
place to develop the next Forum agenda.
President George Miller addressing State Fire Marshals Forum
FIRE MARSHALS ASSOCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA. JCI!nuary 1995
FIRE MARSHALS ASSOCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA
National Fire Protection Association
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