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The Australian Wool Industry


									The Australian Wool Industry

             he Australian wool industry has been built on the back of the Merino sheep, which makes up over
             70% of the entire Australian flock.

Merino wool has a world renowned reputation for its fine qualities which make it ideal for high quality
apparel. Australian Merino wool provides approximately 60% of the entire global wool apparel market.

In October 2004, the Australian wool industry came under fire from the animal rights group, the People for
the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), which demanded an immediate end to an animal welfare practice
known as mulesing.

PETA’s campaign has included considerable misinformation, as well as the harassment and intimidation of
retailers with protestors outside stores and the threat of publicity campaigns against major brands who fail
to respond to PETA’s demands to boycott the buying of Australian wool products.

This information kit is for retailers who want objective information on the Australian wool industry

Facts About Mulesing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Setting the Record Straight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Retailer Compact: A Partnership for Animal Welfare. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
What to do if contacted by PETA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Appendix One – The UK Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Appendix Two - Progress Report against Compact Milestones: Jan 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Appendix Three: Taskforce Member Organisations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

                                          Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce

               WoolProducers                                                               F.A.W.O.

March 2006                                                                   Page 
Facts about Mulesing

The Australian wool industry has a positive world-wide reputation for its animal husbandry
and welfare practices. This is a result of its success in producing healthy and contented
sheep which produce the world’s finest quality apparel wool.

             ulesing is a once-off husbandry practice named after John
             Mules who developed the practice in the 1930s as a way
             to prevent flystrike in the breech (backside) area of sheep.
It involves surgically removing the skin around the breech (backside)
to prevent wool growth.

Mulesing provides lifetime protection against breech flystrike as
it produces a clean, non-wool-bearing area of skin in the breech

Scientific studies clearly show that mulesing is currently the most
practical and effective method of flystrike prevention in the breech
area. It eliminates almost all breech flystrike in sheep. A recent study
by the University of Melbourne* has estimated that 95 per cent of
Merinos are mulesed; in a bad year if mulesing was banned, almost
3 million sheep may die of flystrike.

Flystrike is a devastating disease in which the Australian sheep
blowfly (Lucilia cuprina) lays eggs in the moist skin under the wool        fly traps and inspection of their flocks to minimise flystrike in their
around the breech area of unmulesed sheep. As the eggs hatch,               flocks.
the flesh eating maggots create painful, bleeding wounds, causing
the sheep horrendous pain, stress and suffering. If the sheep is not        However none of these procedures used singly or in combination,
treated quickly, it will die within a matter of days.                       produce the significant level of protection against breech flystrike
                                                                            achieved by mulesing.
In fact, it would be exceptionally cruel not to mules sheep in Australia
until an effective replacement procedure is available.                      The Australian Veterinary Association (AVA) and the Royal Society

Note that woolgrowers also use a variety of other methods, in               for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA, Australia) accept
conjunction with mulesing, to prevent flystrike: spraying with              the current practice of mulesing as a necessary sheep husbandry
insecticides (jetting), removing wool from the breech area (crutching),     procedure in order to prevent breech flystrike.

                                                 Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce

             WoolProducers                                                                                                F.A.W.O.

March 2006                                                                                                        Page 2
Facts about Mulesing

Effective alternatives to Mulesing                                        One alternative method to the current mulesing practice presently
The industry is actively investing in research and development            under research is the application of a protein that causes the treated
programs to seek an effective alternative to meet its commitment          skin to contract and cease growing wool. Results look promising.
of phasing out the current mulesing procedure by 2010 (see section
                                                                          Though the technology is still very much in the developmental stage,
5.4 of the Retailer Compact). However, until then and in the absence
                                                                          if successful, non-surgical mulesing will be brought to market as
of an effective alternative, it must continue to mules Merino sheep
                                                                          soon as possible.
to protect them from the ravages of breech flystrike.
                                                                          For more information please visit:
Scientific research presently being conducted by Australian Wool
Innovation (AWI, which is funded by Australian woolgrowers and the
Australian Government) has seen investment of EUR € 4.1 million per       * The Mackinnon Project (2004): ‘Report on likely increased prevalence of
                                                                          breech strike and increased mortalities from flystrike if sheep were not
annum into animal health and welfare research programs including
                                                                          mulesed.’ The Mackinnon Project is a business unit of the University of
developing alternatives to mulesing.                                      Melbourne, Australia.

Complementary practices to combat flystrike Australian woolgrowers use a range of management practices to complement mulesing. These include
spraying with insecticides (jetting), removing wool from the breech (crutching), regular inspection of flocks and (as shown) the use of fly traps.

                                              Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce

             WoolProducers                                                                                               F.A.W.O.

March 2006                                                                                                        Page 
Setting the Record Straight

Global campaign by PETA
The US-based activist group PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals), supported by
local animal extremist groups, launched a campaign in late 2004, threatening that international
and local retailers would become targets of activism unless they banned Australian wool, with
the ultimate impact flowing through to the Australian wool and sheep industry. The table below
provides facts to debunk just some of the many false claims that continue to be made by PETA.

                           ClaiM                                                                       FaCT

                                                                 Mulesing – a once-off operation – provides lifetime protection against flystrike
  Mulesing is performed purely for convenience and
                                                                 in the breech (backside) area of the sheep. This saves the sheep from the threat
  economic reasons.
                                                                 of suffering, pain and death that breech flystrike can inflict.

                                                                 The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA, Australia), the
  Animal welfare and protection bodies do not agree that         Australian Veterinary Association (AVA) and the Australian Government’s Chief
  mulesing is necessary.                                         Veterinary Officer accept the practice of mulesing as a necessary husbandry
                                                                 procedure to prevent breech flystrike.

                                                                 Mulesing is painful. To not mules is cruel because unmulesed Merinos risk a
  Mulesing is cruel.
                                                                 painful death from flystrike.

                                                                 It makes sense for Australian sheep and wool producers to provide the best care
  Australian sheep and wool producers are cruel.                 possible for their animals – and they do. Australian woolgrowers are proud of
                                                                 the standard of care they provide for their sheep, setting standards equal to the
                                                                 highest in the world in animal health and welfare.

  Mulesing involves cutting chunks of flesh from a lamb’s        A minimal area of wool-bearing skin is surgically removed from the breech
  hindquarters.                                                  (backside).

                                                                 PETA is a vegan-based organisation and its mission is to end the use of animals
  PETA will be satisfied once mulesing and livestock exports     for food, fibre production, medical research and recreation. PETA’s associated
  are banned.                                                    groups in Australia talk publicly of moving on to other sheep husbandry
                                                                 procedures once the mulesing debate is won.

For more information please visit:

                                               Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce

             WoolProducers                                                                                                 F.A.W.O.

March 2006                                                                                                          Page 
Retailer Compact: A Partnership for Animal Welfare

An essential element of communicating to international retailers about the PETA campaign was
through an Australian delegation which made frequent trips to the northern hemisphere. Once these
trips were established, the Taskforce then maintained strong lines of communication between the
Australian wool industry and international retailers, including critical retail associations such as the
British Retail Consortium (BRC) in the UK and the National Retail Federation (NRF) in the US.

   n April 2005 an Australian wool industry delegation proposed
   a ‘Compact’ to the British Retail Consortium (BRC). The same
   concept was subsequently proposed to the US National Retailers
Federation (NRF). The Compact was a ground-breaking document
which set out the industry’s commitments to find an alternative to
mulesing by 2010.

It set out in writing the necessary commitments and assurances the
retailers needed to satisfy their corporate social responsibility and
customer requirements.                                                   The US recommended that the compact take another form, to better
                                                                         reflect the relationship between the US retailers and the Australian
The Compact also highlighted the commitment of the Australian wool
                                                                         wool industry. The compromise was to develop a ‘Declaration of
industry to the highest standards of animal welfare and to a research
                                                                         Commitments’, from the Australian wool industry to the NRF, which
and development program focused on continuous improvement
                                                                         largely encompassed the pledges made in the Compact.
in sheep welfare, including the development of an effective and
acceptable alternative to mulesing.                                      To show its support, the NRF wrote a letter in support of the industry’s
                                                                         commitments, confirming its agreement to maintain that support
As part of the Compact, progress in meeting milestones outlined in
                                                                         while the Australian wool industry upheld the commitments made
the Compact will be reported to retailers regularly.                     in the declaration.
Finally, the Compact features the commitment by the Australian wool      The UK Retailer Compact and the US ‘Declaration of Commitments’
industry to commit funds and work together with retailers on new         consolidated the commitment of the Australian wool industry
wool textiles and apparel products, ensuring that Australian Merino      to phase out mulesing by 2010 and maintain the highest animal
wool is an integral part of the retailers’ product offering.             welfare standards in the world.

It was enthusiastically received in the UK, with the BRC signing off
                                                                         To review a complete copy of the Retailer Compact (UK version), see
on the compact in September 2005.                                        Appendix One

                                               Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce

             WoolProducers                                                                                              F.A.W.O.

March 2006                                                                                                      Page 
What to Do if contacted by PETA

             You may receive a telephone call, letter or visit from the animal activist group PETA (People for the
             Ethical Treatment of Animals), a concerned individual, or a journalist. Take details of the enquiry. Make
             a note of what the person wishes to know. Tell the person that you will respond to them as soon as
             possible. Make a note of any deadline by which they need a response.

                                Contact The Australian Wool & Sheep Industry Taskforce Hotline

                                       USA +1 (678) 592 5807
                                      UK & EU +44 7749 176 013
                                        AUS +61 2 8969 6255

             The Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce will give retailers and others in the wool industry
             pipeline all necessary assistance. The Taskforce can put you in touch with local specialists who can
             help you best with the enquiry.

             They can also offer to manage any enquiries you receive on your behalf.

                                           Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce

             WoolProducers                                                                                F.A.W.O.

March 2006                                                                                   Page 6
Appendix One The UK Compact

This Compact sets out the specific commitments the Australian Wool Industry is making to animal health and welfare standards for sheep
raised in Australia. In drafting our commitments we have consulted extensively with the British Retail Consortium (BRC) and its Members and
this document represents a serious commitment to them.

In particular, it sets out the Australian Wool Industry’s commitment and plans to phase out the blowfly strike prevention procedure known as
mulesing. The Australian Wool Industry’s signatories to this Compact have the necessary mandate on behalf of Australia’s woolgrowers to
enter into and deliver against the commitments stated herein.

Section 1.              Wool
1.1          Wool is a naturally occurring and produced fiber with well-established benefits for wearers of woollen apparel. Apparel made from
             wool is well insulated and provides warmth in cooler temperatures, breathes, draws and absorbs moisture and odours, is non-
             flammable and has proven health and therapeutic benefits.
1.2          Alternate apparel fibers include a number of synthetics produced from non-renewable resources and cotton. Wool compares
             advantageously with these fibers for certain characteristics of value to consumers.
1.3          For these reasons, it is highly desirable to continue to offer consumers apparel made from wool.

Section 2.              australian Production of Wool
2.1          Australian woolgrowers supply over 60% of the world’s medium, fine and superfine wools for use in apparel manufacture. Most of
             this wool is grown on merino sheep.
2.2          Merino sheep have physical characteristics which make them susceptible to the blowfly lucilia cuprina. For this reason, and in the
             absence of any effective alternatives at this point in time, approximately 95% of woolgrowers conduct the mulesing procedure on
             their merino sheep.
2.3          Australian woolgrowers accept that mulesing causes pain and, as endorsed by Australian Federal and state governments, the
             Australian Veterinary Association and the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Australia) carry out the procedure
             only to protect their sheep from the more painful and potentially lethal effects of blowfly strike.
2.4          Over 70% of Australia’s sheep flock of approximately 100 million, are merino sheep.

Section 3.              animal Health and Welfare Standards
3.1          Australia’s animal health and welfare standards are among the most stringent in the world and are set out under State Acts of
             Parliament as follows:

                                                    Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce

                WoolProducers                                                                                            F.A.W.O.

March 2006                                                                                                      Page 
                                                                                                              Government department responsible for
  State or Territory          act(s) title                                   Code title
                                                                                                              animal welfare legislation and codes

                              Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1979
                              - Sect 24 (POCTA +)                            Model Code of Practice for the   NSW Department of Primary Industries www.
  New South Wales
                              Veterinary Surgeons Act 1986 Sect 44           Welfare of Animals: The Sheep
                              Veterinary Practice Act 2003 Schedule 1

                                                                                                              WA Department of Local Government and
                              Animal Welfare (General) Regulations 2003*
                                                                             Model Code of Practice for the   Regional Development
  Western australia           Animal Welfare Act 2002+
                                                                             Welfare of Animals: The Sheep
                              Veterinary Surgeons Act 1960 - Sect 26
                                                                                                              Ph: (08) 9217 1500 or Free call: 1800 620 511

                                                                             Code of accepted farming
                              Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1986                                       Victorian Department of Primary Industries
  Victoria                                                                   practice for the welfare of

                                                                             Model Code of Practice for the
                              Veterinary Surgeons Regulations 2002 - Reg                                      Department of Environment and Heritage www.
  South australia                                                            Welfare of Animals: The Sheep
                              5 Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 1986*                             
                                                                             – this is in Regs of POCTA Act

                                                                                                              Tasmanian Department of Primary Industries,
                              Veterinary Surgeons Regulations 1988 - Reg 4   Animal Welfare Standard No 1     Water & Environment
                              Animal Welfare Act 1993                        - Sheep                          1300 368 550 or (03) 6233 8011

                              Veterinary Surgeons Regulation 2002 - Sect 3                                    Queensland Department of Primary
                                                                             Model Code of Practice for the
  Queensland                  Animal Care & Protection Regulations 2002*                                      Industries and Fisheries
                                                                             Welfare of Animals: The Sheep
                              Animal Care and Protection Act 2001                                             au/animalwelfare

  australian Capital          Animal Welfare Regulation 2001                 Model Code of Practice for the   Environment ACT: The Animal Welfare Authority
  Territory                   Animal Welfare Act 1992                        Welfare of Animals: The Sheep    (02) 6207 2249

                              Veterinarians Regulations – Sect 6             Model Code of Practice for the   Northern Territory Department of Primary
  Northern Territory
                              Animal Welfare Act (March 2000)                Welfare of Animals: The Sheep    Industry

3.2          Australian woolgrowers undertake many husbandry procedures in combination to prevent blowfly strike. They do not like performing
             the current mulesing procedure and would discontinue it as soon as effective alternative methods to prevent blowfly strike if such are
3.3          A new Code of Practice and new Guidelines for mulesing are currently being finalised by the Australian Government and the Australian
             Wool Industry. Among other matters, they set out how the procedure should be conducted and requires, for the first time ever, that an
             effective accreditation system be in effect by 31 December 2006.

Section 4.                Research and Development to Date
4.1          The industry has funded research and development into the issue of blowfly control over several decades. Major projects funded
             previously include:
             4.1.1. Several attempts to find ways to transform the breech without mulesing, including several chemical treatments (phenol,
                    quaternary ammonium compounds), cryotherapy (freezing), and radiotherapy. The most recent project examined the feasibility
                    of a human cancer treatment in which a biologically active agent is applied then exposed to strong light. The project had to be
                    terminated in 2003 when certain technical hurdles could not be overcome.
             4.1.2. The development of flytraps, commercially marketed as ‘Lucitrap’ and used around Australia as an aid in blowfly control.
             4.1.3. A large-scale feasibility study of the application of the ‘sterile insect technique’, used to eradicate populations of screw-worm
                    flies in North America and North Africa, to lucilia cuprina. The technique was unsuccessful but may be revisited as technology
                    platforms advance.

March 2006                                                                                                                     Page 
             4.1.4. A major project to develop a blowfly vaccine, involving the only team in the world to have developed a successful vaccine
                    against an external parasite (the cattle tick). The project was technically very difficult and did not deliver a vaccine.
             4.1.5. High energy electrons to cause depilation
             4.1.6. Research on fleece rot and lumpy wool. Development of a vaccine against fleece rot
4.2          Projects funded previously have not yet provided a successful alternative to mulesing nor resulted in products or technologies that
             have eliminated the need for mulesing.

Section 5.              2010 Phase-Out
5.1          The Australian wool industry has resolved that mulesing will no longer take place after 2010 at the latest.
5.2          If there were a viable alternative to mulesing, it would already be in place and in widespread use.
5.3          Australian Wool Innovation Limited has committed to spend AUD$15 million over the period 2004-2007 in research and development
             to bring acceptable alternatives to mulesing to the industry.
5.4          The research and development projects being funded include:
             5.4.1. Feasibility study into the development and use of a longer acting analgaesic which it is hoped could provide 24-48 hours pain
                    relief after the mulesing procedure.
             5.4.2. Development of an animal pharmaceutical product based on a naturally occurring protein, collagenase, which results in
                    bare skin in the area to which it is applied, together with tightening of the skin in that area. This replicates the effects of
                    mulesing once the skin has healed. This development will require a Government approval and registration before it can enter
                    commercial scale use. The Australian Government does this to ensure there are no side effects from its use, including public
                    food safety concerns regarding lamb and sheep meats.
             5.4.3. Development of a non-invasive, bloodless skin wrinkle removal technology which is currently subject to confidentiality
                    restrictions. This technology, if successful, would not require any pharmaceuticals and the approval process would be relatively
                    speedy and simple.
             5.4.4. Feasibility study of other agents that may deliver a similar result to mulesing and to collagenase. If successful, the agents
                    under study could potentially be brought to market more quickly than collagenase.
             5.4.5. Separate projects with four companies to develop applicators for collagenase or other agents.
             5.4.6. Feasibility study of an alternative physical method for decreasing the attractiveness of the sheep’s breech to blowflies. The
                    method appears painless and does not involve an open wound.
             5.4.7. Study into bare breeched and blowfly resistant sheep to identify reasons for these conditions and to explore the possibility
                    of replicating and propagating these characteristics widely throughout the Australian merino sheep flock. This is a long term
                    strategy, possibly involving genetics.
             5.4.8. A 5-year intensive program on two research sites to breed Merinos less susceptible to breech blowfly strike. It is hoped the
                    trials will clearly establish the degree of resistance that can be conferred by breeding and the most efficient ways to breed
                    such sheep.
             5.4.9. Study into the blowfly genome to identify vulnerabilities that can be exploited to control the blowfly. This is long-term research,
                    but offers great potential for the delivery of new and better targeted insecticides, vaccines, and even blowfly population
                    control methodologies.
             5.4.10. Feasibility studies into the application of biological control agents for blowflies – specifically, microscopic worms and fungi.
                    These agents are unlikely to provide a full replacement for mulesing but may have value as part of an integrated parasite
                    management approach.
             5.4.11. Projects to develop better targeted (i.e. environmentally-friendly) insecticides. Another project is studying smarter formulations
                    of insecticides that could deliver longer blowfly protection to the breech.
             5.4.12. Development of a predictive model for blowfly strike using extensive data generated by earlier industry-funded research. The
                    model may allow precise prediction and hence management of blowfly waves.

March 2006                                                                                                            Page 
5.5          AWI will do all it can to fast-track these projects so that the phase-out could possibly be brought forward from 2010.
5.6          There are other projects in progress funded by sources other than AWI which, for confidentiality reasons, cannot be disclosed. Projects
             which have been publicised include the development of a long-acting pain relief spray which is not yet registered for use and the
             development of a flystrike vaccine being carried out by the Queensland Department of Primary Industries.
5.7          AWI will look seriously at providing funding additional to the $15 million already committed should new projects be identified.

Section 6.              Measuring The Wool industry’s Commitment
6.1          The Australian wool industry’s resolves to phase-out mulesing by 2010 at the very latest and to minimise the pain to the sheep being
             mulesed in the meantime are based on achieving the following key milestones:
  Date                            Milestone                                                       Measure of Success

  September 2005                  Bloodless skin wrinkle removal technology – limited field       Trials commenced and partner appointed
                                  trials and commercial partner appointed

  December 2005                   At least two proof-of-concept applicators ready for field       Applicators demonstrated
                                  trials of collagenase

                                  Bloodless skin wrinkle removal technology full scale trials     Trials conducted
                                  Complete feasibility trials on a range of pain relief agents    Publication of list of pain relief agents for detailed study
                                  Scoring system and guidelines for breeding sheep with           Scoring system launched and widely available
                                  low breech flystrike susceptibility released

  March 2006                      Alternatives to collagenase developed                           Commencement of commercialisation

  June 2006                       Bloodless skin wrinkle removal technology in commercial         Commercial availability and industry take-up

                                  Preliminary field trials of collagenase and prototype           Publication of report detailing results from treatment of up
                                  applicators(s) completed                                        to 1000 lambs
                                  Formulation of collagenase complete                             Details of formulation held by AWI
                                  Commercial partner identified, registration trials              Agreement signed with commercial partner, written
                                  commenced                                                       confirmation from AWI that trials have commenced

  December 2006                   Detailed studies of pain relief options completed and,          Publication of report; agreement signed with commercial
                                  if any are feasible, agreement signed with commercial           partner
                                  partner to launch the product onto the sheep market

                                  Mulesing accreditation completed                                Register and accreditation completed

  March 2007                      Effective analgesia for mulesing                                Registered product on the market

  June 2007                       Registration dossier completed and lodged with Australian       Written confirmation of receipt of dossier from APVMA
                                  Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (if required)     Confirmation from commercial partner that applicator is
                                  Applicator(s) fully transferred to manufacture and              ready for large-scale manufacture
                                  available on the market

  December 2007                   First lambs born to specially selected ewes in breeding         Publication and extension to sheep breeders of preliminary
                                  trial, preliminary comparisons available                        comparisons

  June 2008                       At least one alternative to mulesing is launched to limited     Product is available on a limited commercial basis
                                  market (controlled commercial use while impacts fully

  June 2009                       At least one alternative to mulesing launched                   Product is available on an unlimited commercial basis

                                  Project to test ‘no-mules’ husbandry alternative                Alternative husbandry systems for some wool production
                                  husbandry systems completed                                     systems / geographic areas identified and extended

  December 2009                   Detailed results from breeding trial available (first drop of   Publication and extension to sheep breeders of detailed
                                  lambs 2 years of age)                                           comparisons

March 2006                                                                                                                           Page 0
Section 7.              Reporting Progress and accountability
7.1          The Australian wool industry acknowledges the importance of providing reports of progress to BRC and its member retailers on a
             regular basis. Therefore, a progress report will be prepared and provided to BRC every three months by the last day of each calendar
             7.1.1. 30 September
             7.1.2. 31 December
             7.1.3. 31 March
             7.1.4. 30 June
7.2          The reports will be verified and authenticated by an independent third party, namely the Australian Veterinary Association (AVA) which
             will conduct due diligence on the report’s contents.
7.3          Representatives of the Australian wool industry and the AVA will present the reports and discuss them with BRC and any of its
             interested retailers on a quarterly or half yearly basis at BRC’s request.

Section 8.              Commitment to the Future of Wool
8.1          AWI will continue to invest up to $30 million per year in the development of new textiles and into improved wool fibre performance
             and appearance.
8.2          AWI will work with interested retailers to fund the development of new and innovative wool textile and apparel products that have the
             potential to build demand for wool.

Section 9.              Commitment to Retailers
9.1          The BRC undertakes to support retailers targeted by animal rights groups on the subject of mulesing by providing information about
             this Compact and how its contents represent the most detailed public commitments to date on the subject of mulesing.
9.2          The Australian Wool Industry shares retailer concern for animal welfare. That concern underpins every element of this Compact.

March 2006                                                                                                        Page 
Appendix Two Compact Milestones: Jan 2006

The following report was prepared for retailer organisations in January 2006 and provides an update of the “milestones” table contained in
the Compact document.

  Date         Milestone                               Measure of Success                   Progress against Milestones

  September    Bloodless skin wrinkle removal          Trials commenced and partner         Several major trials of the clips are underway and positive results
  2005         technology – limited field trials and   appointed                            have been obtained. A commercial partner has not yet been
               commercial partner appointed                                                 appointed as the path to market is considerably more complex
                                                                                            than originally envisaged. The process of appointing a commercial
                                                                                            partner has commenced (January) and a limited market release is
                                                                                            scheduled for winter/spring 2006.

  December     At least two proof-of-concept           Applicators demonstrated             Applicators: Three proof-of-concept applicators were trialled
  2005         applicators ready for field trials of                                        in November. One has been particularly successful and is the
               collagenase                                                                  applicator of choice but we are continuing to develop the other
                                                       Trials conducted
               Bloodless skin wrinkle removal                                               two. Two unsuccessful devices were shelved. (Note: collagenase
                                                       Publication of list of pain relief   is no longer a lead active – we have at least two replacements.)
               technology full scale trials
                                                       agents for detailed study
               Complete feasibility trials on a                                             Clip trials: these are underway (see above). The clips are being
                                                       Scoring system launched and          evaluated on 2000 lambs on two properties in South Australia,
               range of pain relief agents
                                                       widely available                     and on 500 lambs over 5 properties in New South Wales. Further
               Scoring system and guidelines for
                                                                                            trials are planned.
               breeding sheep with low breech
               flystrike susceptibility released                                            Pain relief agents: two experiments have now been conducted,
                                                                                            the first with two agents at various doses, the second with
                                                                                            six agents. The second trial has highlighted two agents with
                                                                                            potential and discussions are underway with three registrants to
                                                                                            gauge interest in obtaining sheep registration for their products.

                                                                                            Scoring system: beta-version guidelines have been published
                                                                                            and released to over 100 key users for feedback. It is available
                                                                                            to others on request but will be modified following feedback and
                                                                                            made widely available.

  March 2006   Alternatives to collagenase             Commencement of                      Outlook: alternatives to collagenase look promising but are the
               developed                               commercialisation                    subject of ongoing trials. We have commenced the process of
                                                                                            identifying a commercial partner and will undertake registration
                                                                                            activities in parallel.

March 2006                                                                                                                      Page 2
  June 2006    Bloodless skin wrinkle removal         Commercial availability and          Outlook: a limited market release of the clips is scheduled for
               technology in commercial use           industry take-up                     winter/spring (May onwards).

               Preliminary field trials of            Publication of report detailing      The first critical stages of the field trials will be complete and
               collagenase and prototype              results from treatment of up to      written up by June.
               applicators(s) completed               1000 lambs                           Formulation of the preferred intradermal treatment(s) (not
               Formulation of collagenase             Details of formulation held by       collagenase) will be complete by June.
               complete                               AWI                                  Recruitment of the commercial partner(s) for intradermal
               Commercial partner identified,         Agreement signed with                treatments will be close to finalisation by June. This step is not on
               registration trials commenced          commercial partner, written          the critical path as product development will continue in parallel.
                                                      confirmation from AWI that trials
                                                      have commenced

  December     Detailed studies of pain relief        Publication of report; agreement     Outlook: reasonable interest is being shown by at least one
  2006         options completed and, if any are      signed with commercial partner       product registrant. This target should be achievable.
               feasible, agreement signed with                                             Accreditation of contractors should be complete as expected.
               commercial partner to launch the
                                                      Register and accreditation
               product onto the sheep market
               Mulesing accreditation completed

  March 2007   Effective analgesia for mulesing       Registered product on the

  June 2007    Registration dossier completed and     Written confirmation of receipt of
               lodged with Australian Pesticides      dossier from APVMA
               and Veterinary Medicines Authority     Confirmation from commercial
               (if required)                          partner that applicator is ready
               Applicator(s) fully transferred to     for large-scale manufacture
               manufacture and available on the

  December     First lambs born to specially          Publication and extension to
  2007         selected ewes in breeding trial,       sheep breeders of preliminary
               preliminary comparisons available      comparisons

  June 2008    At least one alternative to mulesing   Product is available on a limited
               is launched to limited market          commercial basis
               (controlled commercial use while
               impacts fully evaluated)

  June 2009    At least one alternative to mulesing   Product is available on an
               launched                               unlimited commercial basis

                                                      Alternative husbandry systems

               Project to test ‘no-mules’             for some wool production

               husbandry alternative husbandry        systems / geographic areas

               systems completed                      identified and extended

  December     Detailed results from breeding trial   Publication and extension to
  2009         available (first drop of lambs 2       sheep breeders of detailed
               years of age)                          comparisons

March 2006                                                                                                                          Page 
Appendix Three Taskforce Member Organisations

The Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce – Member Organisations

WoolProducers is the peak national representative body for Australian
woolgrowers. Representing over 15,000 wool producers across Aus-
                                                                            The Sheepmeat Council of Australia’s objective and purpose is to
tralia it provides a strong, unified voice enabling producers to address
                                                                            represent and promote the national interests of Australian sheepmeat
issues that affect their business and drive change in their industry. The
                                                                            producers. As the prescribed industry body, the Sheepmeat Council
key purpose of WoolProducers is to deliver outcomes to members that
                                                                            has responsibility for making recommendations to the Minister for
contribute to their wool business profit and social wellbeing.
                                                                            Primary Industries on the rate of levy to apply and for establishing
                                                                            strategic objectives to be pursued by the levy funded organisations
                                                                            including Meat and Livestock Australia, the National Residue Survey
                                                                            and Animal Health Australia.

National Farmers’ Federation (NFF) is the peak farm lobby group
in Australia and represents producers of all major agricultural
commodities. The NFF is the voice of Australian farmers in the
federal political arena delivering policy outcomes to the advantage
of Australian farmers. The Federation’s key priorities are the broad        LiveCorp is a not for profit industry body owned and funded through
national issues. The NFF is made up of state farm organisations,            contributions by livestock exporters. LiveCorp’s principal function is
commodity councils, and associated bodies. By joining a State farm          to manage the direction and delivery of industry funded programs
organisation, farmers contribute to and support the NFF.                    and services.

                                                                            Livecorp’s objective is to support the maintenance of a sustainable,
                                                                            commercial and political environment for growth and development
The Australian Livestock Exporters’ Council (ALEC) is the national          of the Australian livestock export industry, through excellence,
policy body representing the livestock export industry. ALEC                integrity and innovation.
comprises livestock exporters and state chapters with members
directly involved in the export of cattle, sheep and goats. LiveCorp
consults with industry through ALEC and a nominee of ALEC occupies
a position on the LiveCorp Board. The primary objective of ALEC is to
develop policy on behalf of the Australian livestock export industry.
ALEC provides strategic direction and funding priorities for LiveCorp.

                                                Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce

             WoolProducers                                                                                               F.A.W.O.

March 2006                                                                                                      Page 
Appendix Member Organisations
TaskforceThree Taskforce Member Organisations
                                                                       FA C T S H E E T

The Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce – Member Organisations

Federation of Australian Wool Organisations/
Australian Wool Industries Secretariat (F.A.W.O/AWIS) provides
administrative support and advisory services to member wool
                                                                       Meat and Livestock Australia (MLA) is a producer-owned company
bodies – Australian Council of Wool Exporters Inc (ACWE), Australian
                                                                       that provides services to the entire Australian red meat industry
Wool Processors Council Inc (AWPC), Private Treaty Wool Merchants
                                                                       including producers, processors, exporters, live exporters and
of Australia Inc (PTWMA).
                                                                       retailers. MLA’s core activities are working to improve market
AWIS’ role is to keep members informed of developments in              access, building demand for Australian red meat and conducting
the wool industry, represent members’ interests in discussions         research and development (R&D) to provide competitive advantages
with relevant government departments/other industry sectors,           for the industry.
participate on industry committees on members’ behalf and liaise
and work with other industry sectors for development and success
of the Australian wool industry.

                                                                       The Woolmark Company (TWC) specialises in the commercialisation
                                                                       of wool technologies and innovations, technical consulting, business
Australian Wool Innovation Limited (AWI) drives research,              information and commercial testing of wool fabrics.
development and innovation that will increase the long-term
profitability of Australian woolgrowers. AWI is a fully independent    Through ownership and licensing of the Woolmark, Woolmark
public company limited by shares owned by woolgrowers.                 Blend and Wool Blend, TWC provides unique worldwide quality
                                                                       endorsement. TWC works with textile processors, designers and
AWI initiates, commissions and delivers research and development
                                                                       retailers in both the apparel and interior textile markets throughout
(R&D) to Australian woolgrowers. It works through alliances and
                                                                       the world.
contracts and, where possible, it commercialises R&D outcomes.
AWI’s primary aim is the adoption of technology – on farm and
along the global wool pipeline. AWI also provides government with
economic and social data to support Australian representations to
other nations.

                                             Australian Wool and Sheep Industry Taskforce

             WoolProducers                                                                                         F.A.W.O.

March 2006                                                                                                 Page 

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