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Positive Mental Health


									    Positive Mental Health
Grade 12
Health Unit #2
            Classroom Rules

• Participate

• No Names

• Respect
     What is Mental Health?
• Is an integral part of overall health. Mental
  health is the result of the interaction of
  various predisposing factors (i.e. early
  childhood experiences) precipitating
  factors (i.e. stressful life events), social
  support and individual resources (i.e.
  resiliency) and experiences.
     What is Mental Illness?
• Is a recognized, medically diagnosable
  disorder that results in the significant
  impairment of an individual’s cognitive,
  affective or relational abilities. Mental
  illnesses result from biological,
  developmental and/or psychosocial
   Characteristics of Mentally
  Healthy/Unhealthy Individuals

• Complete the following worksheet and
  place a checkmark in the column in which
  you think the characteristic falls into
  TOP TIPS for Staying Mentally
• Talk About Your Feelings:
  – Sharing your feelings with others and being
    listened to can help enormously.
  – The very act of trying to put how we feel into
    words makes us think more clearly about a
    situation and can help cut the problem down
    to size.
TOP TIPS for Staying Mentally
• Write It Down
  – Putting whatever is troubling us into words
    can help us to think more clearly and cut
    problems down to size.

• Keep Active
  – Physical activity is a proven way to keep
    mentally well. Exercise makes us feel better
    immediately through the release of uplifting
    chemicals (endorphins) into our bodies.
 TOP TIPS for Staying Mentally
• Eat Well
  – A balanced diet is essential to maintaining
    good mental health. A growing body of
    research shows direct links between what
    we eat and how we feel.

• Sleep Well
  – Apart from making you feel tired, and run
    down, not getting enough sleep makes us
    more prone to mental health problems
TOP TIPS for Staying Mentally
• Drink Sensibly
  – Even though it might make us feel good in the
    short term, alcohol is a depressant drug.

• Keep In Touch With Friends & Loved
  – Close relationships have a huge impact on
    how we feel on a daily basis. A phone call, a
    couple of emails or a few texts, can help us
    feel connected to those we love.
       TOP TIPS for Staying
         Mentally Healthy
• Get The Knowledge, Take Control
  – Finding out about the illness from books, the
    Internet, and support groups increases our
    knowledge, puts us more in control and helps
    reduce our anxiety

• Get Professional Help
  – if these feelings go on for more than a
    couple of weeks, we should seek
    professional support
TOP TIPS for Staying Mentally
• Change The Scene
  – A change of scene can help improve our
    mood, clear our heads and make it easier to
    see negative or troublesome thoughts for
    what they are

• Reduce Caffeine
  – Too much caffeine can cause agitation,
    make it difficult to get enough sleep and can
    contribute to panic disorders
       TOP TIPS for Staying
         Mentally Healthy
• Go Outside
  – Spending time outdoors in green spaces is calming
    and helps lift mood. Research has also suggested
    that people in hospital wards with country views get
    better more quickly and need less pain-killing drugs.

• Let There Be Light
  – Exposure to the full, broad-spectrum light found
    outdoors during the daytime helps us sleep better and
    wards off 'winter blues' and Seasonal Affective
    Disorder (SAD)
TOP TIPS for Staying Mentally
• Listen Up
  – Often, the very best help a friend can give is simply to
    encourage them to talk and then listen in a
    supportive way.

• Set Realistic Goals
  – Setting realistic, achievable goals is a good way of
    keeping spirits up and keeping moving forward.
    Write down what they are and when you hope to have
    them completed
      TOP TIPS for Staying
        Mentally Healthy
• Get Involved
  – Don't stand on the sidelines! Find a way to get
    involved and make a contribution, however
    little, at home, at work or in the community

• Find A Hobby
  – Learning a new skill, or doing something
    active or creative, will boost your self-
    confidence and could take your mind off your
TOP TIPS for Staying Mentally
• Do Good
  – Do something to help someone else. Random
    acts of kindness help others but also make us
    feel good and the effects stay with us. We
    are often happiest when doing something for
TOP TIPS for Staying Mentally
• Open Your Ears To Music
  – Music has the power to relax, stimulate and
    elevate mood. By relaxing us, it can promote
    deeper, more restful sleep.
     Effective Communication
• Listening attentively

• Listening without judging

• Speak clearly and assertively

• Direct eye contact
    Effective Communication
• Provide non-verbal feedback

• Honesty

• Ask questions

• Compromise

• In control of emotions
   Effective Communication

• Good body posture

• Have the ability to apologize
    Ineffective Communication
• Interrupting the speaker

• Sarcastic remarks

• Slouching during discussion

• Pointing fingers
  Ineffective Communication
• Defensive behaviour

• Mumbling

• Shouting/ yelling

• Close-mindedness

• Blaming/ accusing
  Ineffective Communication
• Excessive anger

• Projecting superiority

• Intimidating looks

• Demanding

• Soft uncertain voice

• Bully
    Consequences of Effective
• Ability to establish a support system

• Satisfying and long lasting relationships

• More cohesive relationships

• Less paranoid

• Confident with others
  Consequences of Effective
• Easy, relaxing conversation

• Have a positive outlook on life

• Gain respect and trust from others

• Happy, less frustrated

• Able to express yourself
   Consequences of Ineffective
• Deterioration of health

• Withdraw, loneliness

• Lack of intimacy

• Resentment toward others

• Fear of losing a relationship
  Consequences of Ineffective
• Small problems become big problems

• High levels of stress

• Overprotective, cautious of others

• Frustrated, unhappy

• Non-confrontational
        Glencoe Readings

• Read pages 214 – 218

What is stress?

Questions: (pg 218)
#1, 2, 3
            What is Stress?
•   Stress is the body’s and mind’s reaction to
    everyday demands or threats.

There are two types of stress:
1. Eustress: positive stress – this stress will help
   you achieve your goals.
Eg. Being in love, tests, extra duties at work,
   driver’s license.

2. Distress: negative stress – results in pressure
   or trauma which makes it difficult to cope.
Eg. Too much homework, exams, break ups,
        Kinds of Stressors

1. Biological Stressors: biochemical
   imbalances, mental or physical illnesses,
   disablilities, or injuries
2. Environmental Stressors: poverty,
   pollution, crowding, noise, or natural
3. Cognitive or Thinking Stressors: the way
   you perceive a situation or what you
   expect from it.
        Kinds of Stressors

4. Personal Behaviour Stressors –
   negative reactions in the body and mind
   caused by using tobacco, alcohol, drugs,
   not exercising, irregular sleep patterns.

5. Life Situations – relative dying, pet dies,
   parents separate, problems with peers.
 Three Responses to Stress

1. Alarm

2. Resistance

3. Fatigue
          Alarm Response

• The body and mind go on high alert!
• Adrenaline, the emergency hormone is
• This is the “Fight or Flight” Response
• Breathing increases, heart rate increases,
  blood to muscles, pupils dilate, energy to
  brain to interpret surroundings
      Resistance Response

• When body tries to repair its damage from
  the stressful event and return to its normal
  state .
         Fatigue Response

• It results in tired feelings that lowers ones
  level of activity.
           Stress Assignment
1.    B.J. and Tringa - Meditation
2.    Stuart and Alex – Relaxing Massage
3.    Sarah H and Kayla W. – Hot Yoga
4.    Sara M and Sami – Tai Chi
5.    Riley and Alyssa - Yoga
6.    Dai Shawn and Saif - Acupunctiure
7.    Moe S and Nate – Hot Yoga
8.    Moe W and Fareed - Acupuncture
9.    Jesse and Koge - Yoga
10.   Cassie and Shiniqua – Hot Rock Massage
11.   Mike
12.   Sarah Ali
13.   Mujahid
     Stress Assignment Topics
1.   Yoga
2.   Reiki
3.   Tai Chi
4.   Pilates
5.   Acupuncture
6.   Hot Yoga
7.   Relaxing Massage
8.   Hot Rock Massage
9.   Meditation

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