Displacement of Native Americans and the Impact on the Developing American Character By: Amanda Nguyen, Mandy Wilkerson, Madeline FitzGerald, & Haley White Five Civilized Tribes • Cherokee • Creek • Seminole • Chickasaw • Choctaw Andrew Jackson “neither the intelligence, the industry, the moral habits, nor the desire of improvement to be fit partners in the project of extending white civilization westward” White Attitude Toward Indians • Considered native • Some thought the Americans as “noble continuous contact savages” with the natives would • Saw native Americans as be a constant fight for people with no civilization territory • Thought that the Indians were unfit to live around • Others were just because they were greedy for land that savages; uncivilized and the Native Americans uncivilizable occupied Indian Removal Act of 1830 • Passed by the 21st congress of the United States of America • Cherokees tried to • Jackson signed the bill stop White invasion as a law by appealing to the • It was formed to Supreme Court obtain money to relocate tribes in the South to the west Effects of Act • “By dismissing Native American cultures in • All of the important that way, White Indian tribes east of Americans justified to the Mississippi had themselves a series of been removed and harsh policies that they relocated to the west believed would make the west theirs alone” Trail of Tears • 70,000 Native Americans • “Even aged females, were displaced and forced apparently nearly ready to to give up their homes drop in the grave, were • They moved to Oklahoma traveling with heavy • Oklahoma was called burdens attached to their “Indian Territory” backs, sometimes of frozen ground and • Many Indians died from sometimes on muddy famine and disease on the streets, with no covering long journey for their feet” Impact • Native Americans were looked down upon • In present day a lot of the Native American tribes are extinct because of their ancestral displacement Developing American Character • "This had to be done to • The westward save these poor Indian expansion created people. They don't fit in more homes for the the East, so we have to white settlers and less move them out beyond the for the Native frontier where they can do Americans their Indian thing unmolested. This is the • Now the Native only possible way to save Americans have them." certain territories in the United States Bibliography • American History A Survey. 11th ed. New York, NY: Lyn Ubl, 2003. • "Indian Removal." Judgement Day. PBS. 9 Nov. 2008 <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2959.html >. • "Removal Act of 1830." 12 Nov. 2008 <www.studyworld.com/indian_removal_act_of_1 830.htm>.
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