Project Proposal on Waste Segregation

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					IMPLEMENTATION OF PILOT WASTE SEGREGATION PROJECT
                  IN AIT CAMPUS

                  Summary Report




                         By

                Nguyen T. Chao Huyen
                 Vilas Nitivattananon




                      July 2008




                          i
                                       Abstract

Garbage in Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) campus costs approximately 8,000
     1
Baht per month for transfer and disposal. Mixed solid waste without segregation
creates difficulty for separating the waste before being transferred to the disposal site
including potential waste reuse or recycling.

This ‘pilot waste segregation project’ in AIT campus is planned and implemented
under Student Union (SU) office and supported by 3R Knowledge Hub (3RKH) and
Southeast Asian Urban Environmental Management Applications (SEA-UEMA)
project, in order to separate waste at source at accommodation level, to gain revenue
from recyclable waste, and to extend 3R knowledge to students and staff on the
campus. The duration of project is from June to December 2007. The project attracts
participation of many stakeholders on the campus including Environmental Task
Force, Student Accommodation Office, Infrastructure Office, Cleaning Staff Manager,
students and staff in the pilot sites, and volunteer students. This report is prepared to
document the project’s activities, collect evidence of project implementation, evaluate
the success and efficiency and provide recommendations.

The findings show that the project helps improve the awareness of staff and students
in the pilot sites while most of them are willing to participate in the project. However,
the target of 10% reduction in the amount of waste to be disposed of in the municipal
landfill and 10% increase in revenue collected from recycling activities are
immeasurable because of constraint on organized project planning. Lack of specific
project team, unclear organization and agreement among stakeholders at the beginning
are the main reasons leading to gaps and constraints in the project implementation.
Recommendations are developed to utilize the project experience and results in the
campus environmental policy, use the document as a reference in 3RKH’s website,
and use the lessons learnt as well as results from the project as baseline information
for series of future solid waste related activities in AIT.




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    Approx. 34 Baht per USD

                                           ii
                                              Table of Contents

Section Title                                      Page
         Abstract ………………………………………………………………………ii
         Table of Contents……………………………………………………………..iii
         List of Figures………………………………………………………………..iv
         List of Tables………………………………………………………………….v 
         List of Abbreviations…………………………………………………………vi

 1   Introduction .......................................................................................................... 1

 2   Methodology and Work Plan ............................................................................... 1
     2.1 Methodology .................................................................................................. 1
     2.2 Activities and detailed methodology .............................................................. 1
     2.3 Work plan ....................................................................................................... 4

 3   Results and Discussions ....................................................................................... 4
     3.1 Meeting with possible partners ...................................................................... 4
     3.2 Setting up project team ................................................................................... 7
     3.3 Training for project activities to increase awareness ..................................... 7
     3.4 Facility installation ......................................................................................... 7

 4   Findings from the Project ..................................................................................... 9

 5   Conclusions and Recommendations................................................................... 10
     5.1 Conclusions .................................................................................................. 10
     5.2 Recommendations ........................................................................................ 10

 References…………………………………………………………………………….12




                                                           iii
                                  List of Figures

Figure Title                                                        Page

1      Monitoring activities linked with project implementation           5
2      Meeting with all stakeholders to improve the project               7
3      Training cleaning staff                                            7
4      Centralized garbage bins outside households in SV and ST9          8
5      Room to room campaign                                              8




                                   List of Tables

Figure Title                                                       Page
1      Design of the project                                         2
2      Project implementation                                        3
3      Work plan of the waste segregation project                    6




                                         iv
                       List of Abbreviations

AIT        Asian Institute of Technology
CSM        Cleaning Staff Manager
SAO        Student Accommodation Office
SET        School of Engineering and Technology
SEA-UEMA   Southeast Asia Urban Environmental Management Applications
SERD       School of Environment, Resources and Development
ST         Staff Housing
SU         Student Union
SV         Student village
UEM        Urban Environmental Management
3R         Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
3RKH       3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) Hub Knowledge




                                  v
1. Introduction
Solid waste management costs large amount of money in many schools and campuses
for its collection, transfer and disposal. Garbage elimination without separation creates
increased quantitative of waste and difficulty in the disposal process in landfill as well
as dissipation of potential reusable and recyclable components. It is found that
potential reusable and recyclable waste occupy a big amount of total solid waste
weight. Many countries develop 3R concept which means “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle”
for solid waste awareness improvement. Regarding to this concept, 3R knowledge
hubs are established to create, collect, share and enrich 3R knowledge as well as
encourage waste segregation in targeted countries in the network, especially
developing countries.
With various academic buildings and activities including approximately 3,500
residents living inside, AIT campus produces about 4 tons of garbage each day. This is
collected by the municipality Mondays through Fridays without segregation, but
charging the institute at a flat rate of 8,000 Baht per month regardless of the amount of
wastes. The truck with compressor/compaction equipment collects wastes from
Thammasat Hospital and Thammasat University before coming to AIT. As a result,
not all of AIT wastes are accommodated and thus garbage left in the site causing foul
smell.
In the same vein, garbage is collected from every bin from several locations on the
campus every morning. These are gathered at the collection site and segregated at the
said station. Recyclables are kept in another area of the same site and are collected and
sold to a small-scale buyer, who uses a small pick-up truck to buy the recyclables
everyday. Organic waste from cafeteria is sold for animal feeding. Income from
recycled materials is divided on a 50-50 basis between the janitorial company and the
Infrastructure Office.
With affords to improve the waste management of AIT campus, this ‘pilot waste
segregation project’ is planned and implemented in order to extend 3R knowledge to
students and staff, improve awareness and change behavior of students/staff to
manage the garbage. The duration of project is from June to December 2007. Two
areas are selected as pilot sites which are Student Village II representing students’
living conditions, and Staff Housing 9 representing staff’s living conditions. The
project has been supported by Reduce-Reuse-Recycle Knowledge Hub (3RKH)
Program and Southeast Asia Urban Environmental Management Applications (SEA-
UEMA) Project at AIT with cooperation of several stakeholders.
2. Methodology and Work plan
2.1 Methodology
Overall methodology of the project has been designed as given in Table 1.
2.2 Activities and detailed methodology
2.2.1 Study area
The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) is an autonomous, international, post-
graduate Institution which is located 42 km north of Bangkok, Thailand. It offers
diverse Master’s and Doctoral curricular programs through its 3 schools, namely:
School of Engineering and Technology (SET), School of Environment, Resources and
Development (SERD), and School of Management (SOM). Students from many
different countries come to the campus for studying or researching purposes. The
campus has many academic buildings serving four main above schools, 10 staff
housing building, 3 student village area namely Student village I, II, III, and more than
                                            1
  20 dormitories. Besides, it has extra building such as cafeteria and Korea House. The
  project sites are SV II covering SV 21 to SV 40 (A and B) and Staff housing 9
  including 82 households. SV II has 40 houses with 3 individual rooms inside each
  house. The houses are named from SV 21 A & B to SV 40 A & B. Staff housing 9 has
  room 101 to 114 in the first floor, 201 to 214 in the second and 301 to 314 in the third
  floor.
  Two pilot project sites have typical living activities on the campus. The SVs and
  households generate large amount of garbage from cooking and living activities with
  all types of wastes: organic waste, non-biodegradable waste, hazardous waste and
  recyclable waste. Therefore, these two sites are selected.
                                 Table 1 Design of the project
                                                                    Specific activities or
        Objectives                       Indicators
                                                                       interventions
-To educate respective          -Knowledge on waste            -Meeting with student
pilot project constituents      segregation according to       ambassadors, volunteers, and
about AIT solid wastes and      the colored bins provided.     change agents (class leaders,
waste segregation                                              etc)

-To reduce wastes to be         -Appointed environment         -Teachers and students’
disposed to sites, which are    teacher, students and          training and workshop
expensive to operate and        volunteers are trained, half
maintain                        of them have visited           -Benchmark studies/site visits
                                another waste segregation      to other waste segregation
                                project                        projects

-To set-up the waste            -Waste segregation             -Set-up and implement waste
segregation facilities at the   facilities fully established   segregation project in 3 pilot
room and unit level             in the pilot/demonstration     sites
                                sites
                                                               -Monthly Evaluation
                                -10% reduction in the
                                amount of waste to be          -Second meeting with partners
                                disposed to municipal
                                landfill                       -Redeveloping the project

                                -10% increase in revenue       -Final evaluation
                                collected from recycling
                                activities                     -Third meeting with possible
                                                               partners


  2.2.2 Project implementation
  From baseline data analysis, the project plan is developed with agreement of all
  stakeholders including Student Accommodation Office (SAO), Environmental Task
  Force, SEA-UEMA project members, 3RKH coordinators, Cleaning Service Manager
  (CSM), Infrastructure Office, SU Office and students and staff living in SV II and
  Staff Housing 9. The detail method of implementation, as also presented in Table 2, is
  also designed with specific roles and responsibilities of each stakeholder.




                                                2
The implementation of waste segregation pilot project has varied activities that consist
of meeting between stakeholders, training and site visit, setting up and implementing
waste segregation in AIT, including monitoring and reporting.


                            Table 2 Project implementation
                                                                                   Project
Serial
           Date         Activity                       Contents                      team
 No.
                                                                                   leader*
  1      6 June,     Campus
         2007        cleaning
  2      2 July      Set up             Setting up of the big bins outside the     Carlyne
                     collected bin in   units. For every green bin available,
                     ST 9               two more bins (1 yellow and 1 blue)
  3      3 July      Set up             will be added. Yellow is for recyclable    Carlyne
                     collected bin in   wastes while blue is for non-
                     SV 2               biodegradable wastes
  4      3 July,     Orientation of     15 minutes of briefing to explain the      Carlyne
                     CSM staffs         new plan
  5      5 and 6     Room to Room       Campaigning with volunteer students        Carlyne
         July        Campaign           and SU leader
         7 July      Staff              A Thai student will do a 20-minute         Carlyne
                     Orientation at     orientation to the staff cleaners for
                     10-11am            SV2 and ST9. The students will also
                                        try to communicate with the garbage
                                        collectors for these sites and arrange a
                                        schedule for collection, as follows;
                                        1. Green Bin – every morning
                                        2. Blue Bin – every afternoon
                                        3. Yellow Bin – every Friday (c/o the
                                            recycling company)
                                        Earnings from the recyclables will be
                                        shared on a 50-50 basis between the
                                        staff and the project as a revolving
                                        fund to support for the purchase of
                                        black bags for the big bins, among
                                        others.
  6      17 and 18   Room to Room       Campaigning with volunteer students   Carlyne
         July        campaign           and SU leader                         and
                                                                              Naureen
  7      2 Aug       Label big bins     One volunteer. These bins are also    Naureen
                     of ST9 and         labeled accordingly
                     SV2
  8      6 Aug       Post new           Campaigning with volunteer students        Naureen
                     guidelines on      and SU leader
                     doors of ST9
                     residents
  9      7 Aug       Post new           Campaigning with volunteer students        Naureen
                     guidelines on      and SU leader
                     doors of SV2
                     residents
Note: * Head of SU Environmental Committee

                                             3
                           Table 2 Project implementation (cont.)
                                                                                  Project
Serial
           Date            Activity                    Contents                     team
 No.
                                                                                  leader*
 10      12 Sep         Meeting to      Meeting of project team and some          Naureen
                        improve the     volunteer students in SU office
                        project
                        situation
 11      15 Sep         Meeting to      Meeting of project team, two leaders,     Carlyne
                        consider the    member of 3RKH and volunteer              and
                        project         students                                  Naureen
 12      19 Sep         Stakeholder     Meeting of previous leader and all        Carlyne
                        meeting         stakeholders to discuss about the
                                        project situation and how to utilize it
Note: * Head of SU Environmental Committee

Monitoring activities
Monitoring is conducted to record and evaluate the project’s results when each project
activity finish. The results here are mainly outputs or short-term results because of the
time limitation. Monitoring activities are demonstrated in Figure 1.
2.3 Work plan
Work plan of the project covers planning process, implementation and monitoring of the
activities. Detailed work plan is given in Table 3.
3. Results and Discussions
The implementation of this pilot project has varied activities that consist of meeting
between stakeholders, Training and site visit, setting up and implementing waste
segregation in AIT, evaluation and reporting. Results of each activity are discussed as
below.
3.1 Meeting with possible partners
The initial meetings with all involved stakeholders including the Environmental Task
Force, infrastructure manager, 3RKH coordinators, SEA-UEMA project members, student
ambassadors, SAO, CSM representative and other volunteer students who join in detail
project activities are conducted from last week of May until 10 June 2007. This is the time
the proposal is approved and come to implementation. Only Task Force and project team
leader have two meetings for discussing about the project. The first meeting’s purpose is
to inform stakeholders about the project proposal, get all information for proposal
approval and get their commitment to join in the project. The stakeholders have meeting
one by one with the environmental representative of SU.
When the project come into implementation step, second meeting for evaluation and
redevelopment is organized with all members of volunteer students who join the
project activities, leader of the project and coordinators from SEA-UEMA project.
The meeting is on the last week of August when the project activities are nearly
finished. The third meeting is held with all stakeholders’ participation in SU office on
19 September (shown in Figure 2) in order to discuss how to improve the existing
situation of the project. The third meeting has full participation of stakeholders and
come to conclude that the project will be improved as much as possible. From the last
two meetings, the project is improved with commitment of all stakeholders before
conclusion.


                                             4
Project activities                       Results                     Monitoring activities

- Having meeting with                                                Recording the
  possible partners                   The project paper              baseline data and the
- Setting up the project                                             project paper


                                                                   - Collecting evidence according to
Training teachers, students,                                         specific indicators (Appendix I)
community                                                          - Recording the training activities
• Meeting                             Increased awareness          - Surveying to get feedback
• Training                                                           information from the training
• Workshop



- Providing waste                                                   - Collecting evidence
  segregation facilities in                                           according to specific
  rooms and units                                                     indicators (Appendix I)
- Establishing centralized                                          - Recording total number of
                                      - Appropriate
  garbage bins of different                                           facilities provided
                                      facilities provided
  colors according to Thai                                          - Recording the number of
                                      - Assigned leaders in
  standards                                                           management leaders in pilot
                                      project sites
- Appointing at least two                                             sites.
  solid waste management
  leaders for each pilot



End of project and final              Final report paper           - Writing report
evaluation/ Report                                                 - Recording evaluation and recommendation

                      Figure 1 Monitoring activities linked with project implementation
                                                        5
                                                   Table 3 Work plan of the waste segregation project
                                                                                     Implementation period (months of 2007)




                                                                                                                           3rd week July


                                                                                                                                           4th week July
                                                                                                1st week July




                                                                                                                                                                                  September




                                                                                                                                                                                                        November
                           Activities




                                                                    May-June




                                                                                                                                                           July- Aug
                                                                               2nd week




                                                                                                                2nd week




                                                                                                                                                                       2nd week
                                                                               3rd week




                                                                                                                                                                       3 week
                                                                               4th week

                                                                               5th week




                                                                                                                                                                                              October
                                                                                 June

                                                                                 June

                                                                                 June

                                                                                 June




                                                                                                                                                                         Aug

                                                                                                                                                                         Aug
                                                                                                                  July




                                                                                                                                                                        rd
Baseline Survey                                                      ◘
Meeting with possible partners                                       ◘
Report                                                               ◘
Training teachers, students, community                                                      ◘
• Meeting                                                           ν          ν   ν   ν   ν ν                   ν         ν               ν               ν           ν    ν     ν
• Training
• Workshop
Site visiting to other waste segregation project                                            ◘
                                                                                           x
Setting up and implement waste segregation in AIT                                          ◘
-Providing waste segregation facilities in rooms and units                                 ◘
-Establishing centralized garbage bins of different colors                                 ◘
according to Thai standards
-Appointing at least two solid waste management leaders for                                ◘
each pilot site of the project                                                                  x                                                          x                      X
End-of-month Evaluation                                                                                                    ◘x                                                     X
Meeting with partners                                                                                                      ◘x                                                     ◘x
Redeveloping the project                                                                                                   ◘x                                                     ◘x
Final evaluation                                                                                                           Α                                           α    ◘
Third meeting with partners; up-scaling                                                                                                                                           ◘x
-Introduce to new students                                                                                                                                                                    ◘x
Final report                                                                                                                                                                      ◘           ◘         ◘
Note: ◘: Activity implementation                                                                x: Monitoring the activities
      ν: Recorded activities of the project                                    6                α: Monitoring awareness improvement
                      Figure 2 Meeting with all stakeholders to improve the project

3.2 Setting up project team
The project team is set up at the beginning of the project. Project members are volunteer
students under SU Office. They come from different fields of study with different
backgrounds. The team leader is Head of Environmental Committee of SU Office.
The project has four leaders in two pilot sites:
       1. Mr. Dolores Mae Gicana, for SV 39A;
       2. Ms Qaseem, for Student Village II;
       3. Dr. Jon Shaw, for ST9;
       4. Ms Jocyn, for ST9.
These leaders are expected to play a leading role in these pilot sites in waste segregation.
They can observe the residents and give feedback to the project team.
3.3 Training for project activities to increase awareness




                               Figure 3 Training cleaning staff
Short training courses are conducted by the project leader and volunteer students in June
2007, as also shown in Figure 3. Volunteer students joining the project are trained briefly
before room – to – room campaign. This is short meeting to discuss about how to give the


                                               7
extra bins to rooms and teach the household students/staff to separate the waste into three
types of waste: recyclable, biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste. Another training
course is orientation for cleaning staff with the help from Cleaning Service Managers.
During the training, the project team uses the label as a tool for training. The label is given
to the household later in room –to- room campaign for training the students and staffs also.
3.4 Facility installation
The facilities installed in the project include collection bins outside the households and one
extra green bin for each household. A small green bin is delivered to each household for
bio-degradable waste through room-to-room campaign. It has the same size with the
original bin inside SV. The collection bins outside the households include three color bins:
Green for non biodegradable waste, Blue for non biodegradable and Yellow for recyclable
waste. The colors are selected based on some case studies of Thailand in MBA, Ayutthaya
and some waste banks in Bangkok. The size of these bins is the same with the original one.
Labels of three type of waste are with the bins. The pictures of these bins are in Figure 4.




             a. Bins in SV 2                                    b. Bins in ST9
           Figure 4 Centralized garbage bins outside households in SV and ST9

Six centralized garbage bins are grouped together in ST9 (Figure 4b). In SV 2, there is a
set of three bins. From the project, a total of six blue bins and six yellow bins are installed
(four each in SV 2 and two each in ST9).




                               Figure 5 Room to room campaign
The extra bin, stickers and information related to the project are imparted to students and
staff in pilot sites by room-to-room campaign (Figure 5). Before having these campaigns,
one memo is sent to each household to inform about the project. Communication by email
is also conducted by one formal email to all students and staff in AIT campus. The first


                                              8
two campaigns are on 5 & 6 July from 6 to 8 pm. The second ones are on 17 & 18 July.
However, from four campaigns, the extra green bins are still not delivered to all residents.
Because the project is implemented during summer, there are so many empty rooms and
SV in the pilot sites. The next campaign is conducted on 17 September in order to fulfill all
the rooms and SVs. With the rest bins, the project team members decide to enter the SVs
and rooms in pilot sites to give the bins and stickers.
4. Findings from the project
The following provide findings from implementing the pilot waste segregation project in
AIT campus.
   -   Nearly all stakeholders support the project and 100% stakeholders are informed and
       participated in the project, as a contribution to improve environment of AIT
       campus. The Environmental Task Force members always support all activities of
       the project and try to link it with other environmental activities and/or programs in
       AIT such as cleaning day, planting tree in community school, setting up garbage
       bank, cash for trash, etc. However, meeting with one by one is not really a suitable
       way to ensure the efficiency of the project. All cleaning staff and collectors do not
       separate the waste. They collect recyclable waste for earning money and put other
       garbage from any bins, throwing in any collection bins (big green, yellow or blue
       bins outside). Even though the schedule of collecting the garbage in pilot sites is
       Green Bin – every morning, Blue Bin – every afternoon and Yellow Bin – every
       Friday, all the bins are collected every morning and mixed again in next steps of
       waste transfer.
   -   The project does not have a clear and specific project team. With limitation of
       human resource, the project implementation is faced with many difficulties leading
       to interruption during the implementation period. When there is change in the
       leader, communication gap arises between two leaders and among project
       members. This leads to poor maintenance, follow-up and control.
   -   The project is implemented during summer that there are some empty rooms and
       SVs in AIT campus. It is difficult for the project team to access the room, deliver
       extra bin and inform them about the project. After four campaigns, there are still 22
       out of 40 SVs in SV2 and 11 out of 40 rooms in ST9 that the project team cannot
       access. Otherwise, when new students and staff come, it is difficult to ask them to
       join the project. Most newcomers are not aware of the project and waste
       segregation.
   -   Unclear arrangement and agreement among stakeholders in the beginning lead to
       many unavailable data in monitoring the waste amount changed and revenue vs.
       expenditure as planned.
   -   Public awareness campaign and communication are key factors. Even the residents
       were informed about 3R knowledge and the project through room to room
       campaign; they do not change their habit to separate the garbage and willing to
       participate in the project. The project lacks incentive for public participation when
       asking them to put recyclable materials in the yellow bins.
   -   A program of “Cash for Trash campaign in AIT” is partly conflict with the project.
       While the project asks people to separate recyclable materials and put into Yellow
       bins, the Cash for Trash encourages them to sell these for money. This needs to be
       considered and discussed how to utilize yellow bins as well as results from the
       project.


                                             9
5 Conclusions and Recommendations
5.1 Conclusions
It is found that the project brings positive results/successes contributing to the waste
management in AIT as follows:
   -   The project helps to improve people’s awareness about waste segregation in pilot
       sites. Most of residents are willing to participate in the project and support the
       upscaling efforts and provide recommendations on how to conduct the project more
       successfully. It reflects that they really understand the use of the project.
   -   The project impacts on residents, cleaning staff and collectors’ behavior to separate
       and save recyclable materials. With extra bins provided for waste segregation, it
       extends 3R knowledge to the residents in the pilot sites. When they try to collect
       recyclable waste for money, the amount of waste transferred to the dumping site
       decreases.
   -   The pilot project is useful for the next projects in environmental management of
       AIT campus when it provides lessons learned from the practice.
Beside the strengths from the project, there are gaps and problems from its implementation
that need to be addressed. Targets of the project with 10% waste reduction and 10%
revenue generated from the project are difficult to record so they cannot be concluded. The
problems of the project implementation can be identified in order to get lessons learned as
follows:
   -   Meeting with stakeholders was not set up formally leading to difficulties in the
       project implementation when it lacks commitment from stakeholders and public
       participation.
   -   Lack of specific project team creates interruption in the project implementation.
   -   With budget limitation, one extra bin delivered to each household and one original
       bin make difficulty for residents to separate into three types of waste.
   -   Unclear organization in stakeholders’ responsibilities leads to uncontrollable and
       unrecorded results.
   -   From the project, awareness improvement is important; but the methods to plan,
       organize and implement the project carefully are also a key for its success.
       Moreover, the roles of leaders and project team are significant factors of project
       efficiency.
5.2 Recommendations
5.2.1 Recommendations to AIT and Environment Task Force
   -   Appoint at least one paid staff/student who leads and maintains activities of the
       project.
   -   Give more incentive to the students and staff to encourage their participation.
   -   Deliver at least 1 more extra bin to each household in the pilot sites so that each
       household will have three bins for three types of waste: Recyclable, biodegradable
       and non biodegradable waste.
   -   Raise communication via different tools and means such as: email, forum,
       orientation, leaflet, signboard, notice-board, formal meeting, etc. in the pilot site
       regularly and continuously.


                                            10
   -   Well organize the responsibilities of students/ staff in pilot sites, collectors,
       cleaning staff, CSM managers, Infrastructure Office person who look over the
       generated revenue. Get agreement between staff and project team on revenue
       spending is also important to maintain and get benefits from the project.
   -   Link the project with series of waste management in AIT campus such as: “Cash
       for trash” campaign, Garbage Bank project in AIT Community school and the
       Garbage Relocation Site, composting site construction in AIT campus, waste
       segregation for the whole AIT, etc. Cash for Trash and Garbage Bank project can
       relocate yellow bins together in appropriate position in AIT campus so that
       residents can put recyclable waste and deposit their money. Moreover, series of
       following projects can be more successful and efficient by adapting lessons learnt
       from this pilot project and closing gaps and problems of this project.
   -   For other practical waste management projects, AIT should ask for participation of
       environmental-related students. These students can implement the projects and
       develop them for research. For this reason, they will more concentrate on and
       contribute to the success of the project.
5.2.2 Recommendations to AIT Environmental Policy
The policy should include responsibility to oversee the assets from the project, stricter
implementation in other dorms/SVs by rules and regulations in the new environmental
policy of AIT. Because the campus is going to set up the policy, these will facilitate to
maintain and ensure the sustainability of the project. The policy should also include detail
responsibility of SU office, students, staff, collectors, CSM managers and the
Infrastructure Office in environmental management of the campus.
5.2.3 Recommendations to 3RKH
   -   3RKH may better organize the pilot sites with 3 bins for waste segregation, provide
       signboards and stickers about the project with detail of sponsors, implementers, etc
       and use it as a show-case of demonstration project of AIT for visitors coming to
       AIT. It is also a source of information about solid waste management activities in
       AIT which may influence the AIT Administration in order to establish good places
       for waste management and create more incentive for more efficiency basing on
       win-win principle.
   -   3RKH may use this document as reference and experience for the future projects. It
       may be uploaded to 3RKH’s website to extend 3R knowledge to people.
       Comparing to successful waste management project in other campus in Asian
       countries, this project reflects the interaction of awareness improvement methods
       and implementation steps that lead to success of a project. It also provides lessons
       learnt and background of waste segregation project in campus in developing
       countries. Therefore, it can provide a reference for 3RKH and for people who want
       to get experience in waste segregation from both success and failure of pilot
       project.




                                            11
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Swati , M. (2003) Integrated Waste Management at Educational Institutions: Case Study
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    Available at http://www.3rkh.net/3rkh/files/IWM_ed_inst..pdf




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Description: Project Proposal on Waste Segregation document sample