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Emergency Procedures

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					        Application Week 2


        Kristie Davenport


Child, Health, Safety and Nutrition


        Walden University


        June 19, 2011/Wk 2


        Professor Sachs
                                              Application Week 2


       The first disaster situation I have chosen is a natural one that may occur where I live and

that is an earthquake. I currently work in a childcare center here in Tacoma, Washington so

that will be the setting that I will use for both of the scenarios. We are housed in a remodeled

mobile home and licensed for 35 children from ages 4 weeks to 12 years. Some of the main

dangers of an earthquake would be injury from falling objects. It is possible for windows to

break and create another danger of broken glass.


       As we have infants, preparing a plan is even more challenging. At any one time it is

possible for the teacher to have up to four infants. First I would begin by finding the safest area

in each classroom for the children and the teacher. I would also need to find the safest place

outside the center and the best exits for evacuation after the shaking stops. There is a fire

department within walking distance for assistance of necessary. Due to the possibility of falling

power and utility lines, they too must be located and avoided.


       The primary concerns of my teacher during the shaking would to assure that the

children are all covered and safe. The infant teacher should try to get all infants in one crib and

away from windows or potential falling objects. After the shaking stops the children would

need to be evaluated for injury and then safely evacuated from the building to the agreed upon

area where role call from the sign in sheets would be taken. Each teacher would be responsible

for their own sign-in books.


       Some of the secondary complications could be the breaking of utility lines in the area.

Loss of water and power would be among the possible complications as well.
       After the children are all safe and accounted for then the task of contacting parents

needs to be addressed and see where they are at and what will be the future actions to take

with their children. In the case of no possible communication then finding safe shelter, possibly

the fire department, would be the teacher responsibility.


       As a way to include the parents in the preparation of such a disaster I have asked for

each child to bring an “earthquake kit” with bottled water and healthy snacks and things with

lots of protein that will not parish. Parents are also asked to include a picture of the family in

case of a prolonged separation.


       The second scenario I have chosen is human generated. The possibility of a fire would

be another disaster that could happen in my center. In this instance I have identified the safest

routes for evacuation of each classroom and the responsibilities of each adult in the area. After

the sounding of the alarm the children are to escort out and taken to the safe place outdoors

and role to be taken.


       All staff and children are at risk of smoke inhalation so everyone needs to be evaluated

and treated if necessary. The fire department needs to be called and parents contacted if

deemed the building unsafe by the authorities.


       Panic and confusion are at the top of the list for dangers in any disaster situation. For

this reason it is important to have fire and earthquake drill to familiarize the staff and the

children with the safest response to both. The teachers need to be calm and orderly in order to

assure that the children will be able to listen to direction and reach the safest place to wait for

their parents. Parents can help by listening to the concerns and fears of the children and
answer them directly without scaring them. A lot of the preparation is mental on the part of

the adults involved. To remain in control is important as the children will model the demeanor

of the teacher.
                                         Resources




1. Robertson, Cathie. (2010). Safety, Nutrition and Health in Early Education (4th ed.).

   Belmont, CA : Wadsworth. (pp. 199-201, 203-204)

2. FEMA Earthquake Preparedness at School.

   www.fema.gov/plan/prevent/earthquake/preparedness_school.shtm

3. Daycare Facilities Emergency Planning Guide.

   www.pema.state.pa.us/pema/lib/pema/daycareplanningtoolkit/day_care_facilities_pla

   nning_guide.pdf

				
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Description: Fire and Earthquake Plan