Immigration by zhangyun


  Current Issues
    Fall 2009

• History of Immigration

• Immigration Today
History of Immigration
       Lesson EQ:
Why did the original immigrants come
        to the United States?
    Why did the original immigrants
           come to the US?
• The “American Dream”

• Land

• Wealth

• Freedom

• Opportunity

• Relief from persecution
    First Groups to come to the United
•   Spanish
•   French
•   Dutch
•   British
         Old Immigration or New
• Old Immigration: Old Immigration was the period of
  time in the late 19th century when the immigrants
  moved to the United States from Northern or Western
• New Immigration: Time period from late 19th
  century to today. A movement of Immigrants primarily
  from Asia, Central America, Mexico, and South
• Contemporary Immigration: Public attitudes about
  immigration in the U.S. have been heavily influenced by
  the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks.
  Recent polls show that Americans see both the good
  and bad of immigration in the United States.
         Rules for Immigration
• After 1882 the US began making laws to control
  immigration .
• The US government wanted to preserve the racial,
  religious, and cultural makeup of the United States.
• These laws placed restrictions on immigrants from
  Asia, South and Eastern Europe, and Latin America.
  These restrictions placed a quota for the number of
  immigrants to be allowed to enter the US.
• With these new restrictions on immigration the US still
  had an “open door” policy for immigrants.
Ellis Island
    Lesson EQ
What is the difference between
 immigrants and emigrants?
       Immigrant Vs. Emigrant
• Immigrant: A person       • Emigrant: A person who
  who migrates to another     leaves their land to live in
  country usually seeking     another country.
  permanent residency.
                            • Ex: People from Great
• Ex: The British are         Britain “Emigrated” to
  “Immigrants” in the         the United States.
  United States.
       Lesson EQ
How do the different push and pull
 factors impact different trends in
           Push/Pull Factors
• Push/Pull Factors are factors that influence
• A push factor is something that causes someone
  to want to leave their home country. An
  example of this would be a war or poverty.
• A pull factor would be something that draws
  people into a country. An example of this
  would be human rights and a good economy.
• Time periods of immigration where you have
  large amounts of immigrants coming in.

• In the United States from 1901-1910 there were
  about 9 million immigrants that came into the
  United States.

• From 1991 to 2000 there were over 9 million
  immigrants that coame into the United States.
• Actions or decisions that
  lead to an increase or
  decrease in immigration.

• Example: Legislation
  passed to protect
  immigrants will create a
  mass movement of
  immigrants into a
       Lesson EQ
Why is there an influx of Asian and
Latin American immigrants today?
         Modern Immigration
• In 2004, the United States admitted more than
  900,000 legal immigrants.
• More than 40% came from six countries-
  Mexico, India, Philippines, China, Vietnam, and
  the Dominican Republic.
• In addition, an estimiated 500,000 people
  entered the country illegally each year.
   Immigration from Asia and Latin
• Asylum: A place offering protection and safety; a shelter.
• Refugee: is "a person who owing to a well-founded fear of
  being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality,
  membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is
  outside the country of their nationality, and is unable to or,
  owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail him/herself of the
  protection of that country
• From 1940 on into the 1980’s many Asian immigrants came to
  the United States as refugees seeking asylum from war.
• Immigrants from Latin American have been seeking asylum
  from poor economies. One major pull factor bringing Latin
  Americans to the United States is the availability of jobs.
• A total of 60,108 persons were admitted to the
  United States as refugees during 2008
• The leading countries of nationality for refugees
  were Burma, Iraq, and Bhutan
• The largest percentages of refugees admitted to
  the United States in 2008 settled in California
  (16 percent) and Texas (8.5 percent)
     Lesson EQ
What is the driving force behind
     today’s immigrants?
         Reasons for Migrating
• The main reason for immigration has long been
  economic opportunity, the lure of better land or a
  better job.
• Today, professional people commonly emigrate because
  of better opportunities elsewhere.
• Religious persecution has led many people to move to a
  new land for the freedom to practice their faith.
• Wars, revolutions, and political unrest have driven
  innumerable people to find new homes. In the 1980's
  alone, millions of refugees fled from warfare in
  Afghanistan, Iran, Uganda, Southeastern Asia, and
  Central America.
           Reasons for Migrating
• Forced Migration: refers to
  the coerced movement of a
  person or persons away from
  their home or home region.
• Forced migration has
  accompanied religious and
  political persecution, as well
  as war, throughout human
  history but has only become
  a topic of serious study and
  discussion relatively recently.
• Undocumented Workers: Preferred term to
  "illegal alien," "illegal immigrant," or "illegal(s)."
  This term describes the immigration status of
  people who do not have the federal
  documentation to show they are legally entitled
  to work, visit or live here.
• The number of apprehensions made by the
  Border Patrol declined for the third year in a
  row to 724,000 in 2008 after reaching a mid-
  decade peak of 1,189,000 in 2005

        Lesson EQ
What rights should illegal immigrants
    have in America’s society?
• Legal Residents/Immigrants: come to the
  United States seeking to establish permanent
• Green Card: an identification card attesting the
  permanent resident status of an alien in the
  United States of America. Green card also refers
  to an immigration process of becoming a
  permanent resident.
• Visas: is a document issued by a country
  giving an individual permission to formally
  request entrance to the country during a
  given period of time and for certain
  purposes and usually stamped or glued
  inside of a passport, or sometimes issued
  as separate pieces of paper.
• Nonimmigrants are foreign nationals granted
  temporary entry into the United States.
• The major purposes for which nonimmigrant
  admission may be authorized include temporary
  visits for business or pleasure, academic or
  vocational study, temporary employment, and to
  act as a representative of a foreign government
  or international organization.
            Immigrant Rights
• Many Americans feel that immigrants should
  not have the same rights as everyone else.
• One of the major ongoing debates is whether or
  not to allow illegal immigrants to work legally.
• A major ongoing political debate is what to do
  with the illegal immigrants already living in the
  United States.
Should illegal immigrants be allowed
   to work in the United States?
• Pro:                            • Con:
• Immigrants boost the U.S.       • Immigrants take jobs away
  economy by providing the          from native-born Americans.
  labor that businesses need to   • Poor immigrants rely heavily
  create wealth and economic        on tax-funded services and
  growth.                           send their wages home.
• Many Americans enjoy            • Allowing fewer immigrants
  higher standards of living        would increase the standard
  because of the cheap goods        of living for all Americans.
  and services immigrants
  make possible.
Illegal Immigrants should be granted
• Pro:                      • Con:
• Having illegal immigrants • Allowing illegal
  made citizens creates       immigrants reduces the
  more tax dollars for the    amount of security found
  government, allowing the    within the United States.
  government to produce     • Granting citizenship to
  more goods and services     lawbreakers will only fuel
  for the people.             incentive for future
• Illegal immigrants have     illegal immigrants to
  to obey laws and can be     enter the country.
  tried in a court of law.

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