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The Presidency of Bill Clinton

VIEWS: 16 PAGES: 92

  • pg 1
									The Presidency of Bill Clinton
       -Notes Packet
               Winds of Change
• 1. alcoholic stepdad,
  poverty, troubled home
  life
• 2. JFK
• 3. opposed Vietnam,
  avoided draft, believed in
  diversity & equality
• 4. Hillary’s qualifications
                The 1992 Election
• 5. TV talk shows, radio
  call ins
• 6. populist reform
  movement, decrease
  influence of lobbyists,
  public to get greater voice
  in government, cut
  spending, balance budget
• 7. sexual harassment,
  Thomas-Hill hearings.
• 8. Clinton = 43% of
  popular vote…Bush =
  38% of popular
  vote…Perot = 19% of the
  popular vote…best 3rd
  party showing since T.
  Roosevelt
                      Clinton Bio
        (notes should be taken on the handout)
• Inspired by meeting JFK
• Education:
  – Georgetown University
  – Rhodes Scholar: Oxford University, England
  – Yale Law
• Attorney General of Arkansas at 30, governor at 32
• Lower taxes, fiscal responsibility, personal
  responsibility, emphasis on the free market
• 46 years, 5 months, 1 day old when elected
  – 3rd youngest president
• Arsenio Hall Show video    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VTkUeb6zQFA
Former Yugoslavia   Ukraine         Armenia
    Georgia              Chechnya
          Review Sheet – so far…
•   Operation Restore Hope
•   Boris Yeltsin
•   Clinton Doctrine
•   Bill Clinton
•   George H.W. Bush
•   Ross Perot
•   Slobodan Milosevic
•   Timothy McVeigh

• Big Picture (Terrorism) = The U.S. will always have
  enemies (question 14), and after the end of the Cold
  War, terrorism became the new enemy focus.
             The Soviet Empire Falls
• 9. border disputes, political infighting, underdeveloped
  economies, ethnic rivalries
• 10. Yugoslavia
• 11. *don’t need to write this down* Russia vs. Ukraine over
  Black Sea, Christians in Armenia vs. Muslims in Azerbaijan,
  Muslims vs. Orthodox Christians in Georgia, Chechen rebels
  vs. Russian army in Chechnya
• 12. produce what could make or grow best, trade relations
  collapsed
• 13. politically and socially unstable
• 14. Agree or not?
• 15. can democratic nations convince the rest of the world of
  democracy’s ability to help solve social and economic
  problems?
• 16. power of ideas.
           Clinton Takes Office
• 17. health care, Whitewater real estate deal,
  FBI files on Republicans.
• 18. Bosnia – fighting, Northern Ireland –
  fighting, Russia – political instability
• 19. Yitzhak Rabin – Israelis, Yasser Arafat –
  Palestinians
• 20. Islamic fundamentalists battled for political
  power
• 21. Rabin assassinated
• 22. Egyptian fundamentalists          6  over
  1,000
          Clinton Takes Office
• 23. Truck bomb killed 19 servicemen &
  wounded 280
• 24. Truck bomb destroyed a federal building
• 25. mail bomber – called “Unabomber” – killed
  3 with bombs mailed to their homes
• 26. bomb killed 1, injured over 1,000
• 27. defend without endangering constitutional
  rights
                 Problems Abroad
• 44. Somalia: peacekeeping mission after 13 Americans killed,
  1994, US withdraws forces w/o much accomplished Rwanda:
  over 500,000 killed       Haiti: U.S. troops sent to put back in
  power president driven out by Haitian military
• 45. no economic sanctions for human rights violations
• 46. importance of China
• 47. ethnic conflict in Bosnia
• 48. US=only ones who could keep the peace
• 49. Serbian president – ethnic cleansing of Albanians
• 50. peacekeepers
• 51. out of compliance with UN rules
• 52. attacks against weapons factories and warehouses
• 53. terrorist attacks against embassies in Kenya & Tanzania
• 54. Middle East, Ireland, Korea, India, Pakistan
        Review Sheet – so far…
•   Operation Restore Hope
•   Boris Yeltsin
•   Clinton Doctrine
•   Bill Clinton
•   George H.W. Bush
•   Ross Perot
•   Yitzhak Rabin
•   Yasser Arafat
•   Slobodan Milosevic
•   Timothy McVeigh
•   Ted Kaczynski
       Spider-Man & The Cold War
• In the Spider-Man movies,
  many themes exist that can
  be compared to the situation
  in the world after the fall of
  the USSR.
• The U.S. was like Spider-
  Man, in that it was
  unparalleled as the
  superpower in the world.
• As it sought to help the
  world, the U.S. was met with
  new enemies.
• Krauthammer believes that
  the U.S. NEEDS enemies to        • Green Goblin
  give our people a common         • Doc Ock
  enemy and a common focus.        • Venom
         Clinton as Peacemaker
• 1. Vietnam
  – Embargo lifted
    February 3, 1994
  – Recognition July 11,
    1995
  – Recognized the
    existence of and
    agreed to trade goods
    with the nation that
    defeated us in war.
      Clinton as Peacemaker
• 2. Fighting in
  Northern Ireland –
  Clinton helped
  oversee the Good
  Friday Agreements to
  stop the fighting
  there.
          Clinton as Peacemaker
• 3. Russia – START
  II, US and USSR
  agree to further
  reduce nuclear
  capabilities
  – (signed with Russian
    president Boris
    Yeltsin, so on review
    sheet, find Yeltsin, and
    write that he was the
    Russian president with
    whom START II was
    signed.)
        Clinton as Peacemaker
• 4. Treaty of Peace – Jordan recognized Israel
       Clinton as Peacemaker
• 5. Oslo Accords –
  Palestinian self rule in
  West Bank and the
  Gaza Strip
                  The Big Picture
• W/O the USSR, Clinton
  leads the U.S. to
  assume a role of
  peacemaker all around
  the world.
• Do you approve of this?
  – US = only world
    superpower, so if we
    don’t do it, no one will.
  – World power or not, is it
    our duty to do this?
                 Military Action
• 1. The Kosovo War in former Yugoslavia
  – March 24-June 24, 1999
  – Slobodan Milosevic – ethnic cleansing of Albanians
  – Clinton Doctrine – U.S. military intervention will be
    used to stop genocide
                      Military Action
• 2. Iraq
  – Missile attacks
     • 1993: Response to
       assassination attempt
       against Bush
     • 1996: No Fly Zone
       violations
     • 1998: Weapons
       inspector violations
                  Military Action
• 3. Somalia
  – Operation Restore Hope
     • 1992-1993, protect humanitarian aid to Somalia
  – Operation Gothic Serpent
     • Capture Somali Warlord
  – Blackhawk Down trailer
The Big Picture
        • Despite the shift from
          importance of military power
          to the power of ideas
          (question 15), the U.S. was
          still required to use military
          force.
        • Would you have approved of
          this? We’re riding high as a
          nation after the Persian Gulf
          War, but we saw in Vietnam
          how “small” military
          involvement can get real big,
          real quick!
                   Terrorism
• 1. World Trade Center – February1993
  – Egyptian Fundamentalist Ramzi Yousef, 6 killed
  – Tried to topple one tower into the other
                   Terrorism
• 2. Oklahoma City – April 1995
  – American anti-government militia, Timothy
    McVeigh, 168 killed
                  Terrorism
• 3. Saudi Arabia – June 1996
  – Khobar Towers, 19 USAF personnel killed
                   Terrorism
• 4. Atlanta – July 1996
  – Olympic games, 1 killed
                   Terrorism
• 5. Tanzania & Kenya – August 7, 1998
  – American embassies attacked, 28 killed
                The Big Picture
• The U.S. will always
  have enemies (question
  14), and after the end of
  the Cold War, terrorism
  became the new enemy
  focus.
                     May 17
• Today: Topic #4 “Social Issues/Changes and
  the Perception of the Federal Government”
  – 1. Notes Packet pages 1-5
  – 2. Questions Packet 34-40 & 55-64
  – 3. Project packet open to page 6 (chart reading,
    “Social issues/changes and the perception of the
    federal government” at the top.
Clinton’s Major Domestic Initiatives
     By the End of the Period
• By the end of the class today, you’ll be
  able to list 5 of Clinton’s biggest domestic
  initiatives, and explain both their impact
  and their importance.
                  What to do?
• Research has concluded that the Nintendo DS 3D is
  harmful to the eye development of children under the
  age of 6. What should the government do?
• Option 1: Pass a law making it illegal for someone
  under 6 to play it.
• Option 2: Order Nintendo to issue a recall and accept
  returns of any system bought for a child under 6.
• Option 3: Order Nintendo to advertise the dangers on
  TV and in print at Nintendo’s cost.
• Option 4: Do nothing and let the parents decide what
  to do.
                 How it Relates
• The question posed to you earlier is to what extent
  you’re willing to give the government control or
  influence over your decisions. Option 1 is total control
  in that the possession of the system is illegal. Option
  4 is zero government influence, let alone control.
  Options 2 and 3 are varying degrees of government
  control and influence.
• Clinton came into office in January of 1993 set to
  make positive changes for the country. What he found
  though, was that many rejected his initiatives as “big
  government” and too intrusive.
      Brady Handgun Violence
       Prevention Act (1993)




• Background checks required to buy a handgun
          • * Public Safety Concerns
    • * Does it violate the 2nd Amendment?
            2nd Amendment
• A well regulated Militia, being necessary to
  the security of a free State, the right of the
  people to keep and bear Arms, shall not
  be infringed.
• “The right to bear arms.”
Unsuccessful Domestic Issues
            Health Care Reform
         + Try to fix broken system
     - Not ready for such a big change
  Unsuccessful Domestic Issues
             Campaign Finance Reform
-Couldn’t fix the problem b/c relying on the money!
 Unsuccessful Domestic Issues
Homosexuals in the Military Reform


                    “Don’t Ask
                    Don’t Tell”
       A False Start for Reform
• 34. ban on gays in military
• 35. Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell
• 36. Hillary
• 37. Political liability
• 38. Wounded & disabled in assassination
  attempt against Reagan in ’81
• 39. 1993 WTC, 1995 Oklahoma City, 1993
  Waco
• 40. very skeptical (still!)
                  Campaign 1996
• 55. booming economy
• 56. low inflation, full employment, steady growth
• 57. Congress failed to enact key measures in Contract with
  America, Republics cut popular social and environmental
  programs, Government Shutdown
• 58. Bob Dole
• 59. economic growth, smaller gov’t, anti-crime programs,
  middle class tax relief
• 60. school discipline, deadbeat dads, welfare reform
• 61. environmental protection, gun control, programs for the
  elderly
• 62. reelection
• 63. majority in both the House & the Senate
• 64. fix welfare, classrooms with Internet, repair schools
Clinton and the Economy
                        Yesterday
• We looked at the question of what the government should do in
  regards to the Nintendo 3DS and the conclusion that it harms
  the eye development of small children. You were given 4
  different options to consider, each with different degrees of
  government influence/control. Option 1 gave total control in that
  the possession of the system is illegal. Option 4 gave the
  government zero influence or control. Options 2 and 3 varied in
  degrees of control and influence. Most chose option 3 since it
  provided information to parents, yet ultimately gave them the
  decision of whether or not to buy the system.
• Clinton came into office in January of 1993 set to make positive
  changes for the country. What he found though, was that many
  rejected his initiatives as “big government” and too intrusive.
  He then turned his attention to the failing economy.
                  OJ Simpson
• Rodney King http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GXRZMGHqA7E
• Trial of the Century – trial of OJ Simpson
• OJ = former Heisman trophy winner, NFL
  All Pro Running back, commentator on
  NBC for NFL games
• Accused of killing wife Nicole and her
  friend Ron Goldman
• Found not guilty
• Increased racial tension in the U.S.
       Contract with America




                   Newt Gingrich
               Speaker of the House
                 + for Republicans
                    - For Clinton
 - **The Republican’s limited gov’t “Contract with
America” was embraced by many after they rejected
       Clinton’s “big government” initiatives.**
           The Politics of Distrust
• 41. All out assault on budget deficits and reductions in
  welfare programs; led to “government shutdown” when
  Clinton & Congress couldn’t agree on budget…people
  sided with Clinton! (economy!)
• 42. every Republican gubernatorial candidate won
  reelection, Every Senatorial candidate won reelection,
  Every Congressional candidate won reelection, 11
  new governorships, control of both houses of
  Congress for first time in 40 years.
• 43. deep cuts in welfare grants, required able-bodied
  to find work, restricted benefits for immigrants
               Remember….
• Clinton = too many big changes at first, not well
  received

• Economy booming

• Good economy > bad perception of big
  government

• Clinton liked, reelected in 1996
          The Clinton Presidency &
            The Spread of Ideas
• 28. Tax increase & spending cuts
• 29. deficit dropped, unemployment down, low
  inflation, stock market up
• 30. trade deficit still high, corporations striving for
  efficiency fired workers, jobs created low paying, gap
  between rich and poor widened
• 31. Newt Gingrich
• 32. 1960s, Cold War, ways for computer centers at
  universities and private research labs to communicate
• 33. U.S. Advisory Council on the National Information
  Infrastructure, led by Vice President Al Gore
                     Clinton Again
• 65. The economy
• 66. high tech
• 67. North American Free Trade Agreement – created free
  trade zone between Mex, US, & Can
• 68. Campaign Finance Reform
• 69. contributors who stayed overnight in WH and foreigners not
  allowed to donate
• 70. both parties depended on the money
• 71. Shooting at Columbine HS
• 72. TV, movie, video game violence
• 73. growing support for anti-gun measures
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GomE6wp6bdc
                   NAFTA
• 74. Canada
• 75. low wages would entice companies to
  move factory jobs to Mexico
• 76. jobs being lost to Mexico
• 77. best products at best prices
• 78. no immediate impact, but still being
  examined today
                  Campaign 1996
• 55. booming economy
• 56. low inflation, full employment, steady growth
• 57. Congress failed to enact key measures in Contract with
  America, Republics cut popular social and environmental
  programs, Government Shutdown
• 58. Bob Dole
• 59. economic growth, smaller gov’t, anti-crime programs,
  middle class tax relief
• 60. school discipline, deadbeat dads, welfare reform
• 61. environmental protection, gun control, programs for the
  elderly
• 62. reelection
• 63. majority in both the House & the Senate
• 64. fix welfare, classrooms with Internet, repair schools
    By the end of the period…
• You’ll be able to list and explain 8
  economic positives from the Clinton years.
        1. Economic Growth
• Largest economic
    expansion in
  American history
    – Nearly 8 years


Economy growing at
 nearly 4% each year
                  2. Internet
Number of Websites
• 1995 -50
• 1998 –over 9 million
• More websites = more
  $$ spent, and more
  money spent fuels the
  economy.
• When people have
  money, they spend it…
      3. Omnibus Reconciliation Act
                (1993)
• Tax rate increase for
  wealthy earners
  – Corporate tax increase
    for income above $1
    million
  – Increase tax on Social
    Security recipients with
    incomes above $44,000
• Helped lead to
  balanced budgets later
  in his presidency.           Taxed the wealthy
              4. Low Inflation

• Inflation                   • 1.9%

• Economy                     • 3.9%

-Low inflation = prices are increasing at a slow rate.
-Economic growth at a higher rate than inflation
means wages are increasing faster than prices.
             5. Jobs & Homes

 • Jobs created                 • 21.6 million

 • Home Ownership               • 66.8%
-While many of the jobs created were lower paying,
jobs were added to the economy throughout Clinton’s
presidency.
-Over 2/3 of American adults owned a home,
indicating job security and financial stability.
     6. Stock Market Value

1990 Value
 $3 Trillion

2000 Value
$15 Trillion
           7. Balanced Budgets

                                           • 1998
                                           • 1999
                                           • 2000


-In Clinton’s last three years in office, he and the Congress
agreed on balanced budgets, meaning revenues equaled
expenditures (gov’t brought in as much as it planned to spend.)
                  8. Surplus

                                • 1992 -$290
                                    billion

                                • 2000 +$167
                                    billion
-In 2000, the government brought in $167 billion more
than it spent. The debate was over what to do with
that money. Should it be returned to the people?
Used for other purposes? Which purposes?
            To Sum Up…
• Clinton’s big government initiatives were
  rejected by many, but the economic
  growth throughout the decade won him
  support from many Americans, despite his
  failures.
   Paper, PowerPoint, Speech Outline
            (Peacemaker)
• I: Successes in Europe
   – A. Oslo Accords, Good Friday Agreements, Kosovo
     War
• II: Successes in Asia
   – A. Vietnam, Oslo Accords, Treaty of Peace
• III: Failures
   – A. Somalia?
------------------------------------------------------------------
• I: Successes
• II: Failures
  Paper, PowerPoint, Speech Outline
            (Terrorism)
• I: Terrorism on American Soil
  – A. OK City, WTC ’93, Atlanta
• II: Terrorism Around the World
  – A. S. Arabia, Africa
• III: ????? Successes? No 9/11 type major
    Paper, PowerPoint, Speech Outline
       (Perception of Government)
• I: Good things (Brady Bill? Health Care? Lifting ban
   on gays in military?)
• II: Bad things (Brady Bill? Health Care? Lifting ban
   on gays in military?)
• III: Hillary & Role of 1st lady
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
• I: Good things (Brady Bill? Health Care? Lifting ban
   on gays in military? Hillary?)
• II: Bad things (Brady Bill? Health Care? Lifting ban
   on gays in military? Hillary?)
  Paper, PowerPoint, Speech Outline
       (Republican Congress)
• I: Approve
• II: Disapprove
  Paper, PowerPoint, Speech Outline
             (Economy)
• I: Approve – good things
• II: Disapprove – bad things
• III: How Good Economy made everything else
  alright!
   Paper, PowerPoint, Speech Outline
            (Impeachment)
• I: Summary of it
• II: Approve
• III: Disapprove
------------------------------------------------------------------
• I: Summary of it
• II: Disapprove
• III: Why important
 Clinton
 and the
Lewinsky
Scandal
                   Mike Haywood
• On December 16th, Mike
  Haywood was hired to be
  Pitt’s new football coach.
• On New Year’s Day he was
  fired amid allegations that he
  assaulted his girlfriend in
  front of their 21 month old
  child.
• Should Pitt have fired him
  when they did? Should they
  have waited for a verdict?
  Does it matter if he had a
  child out of wedlock? Does it
  matter what he does outside
  the parameters of the job in
  his own time? (Just some
  questions to ponder.)
Trouble “Abroad”
Whitewater Development Corp.
             • Bill and Hillary lost over
                     $40,000 in this
                       investment

              • As Governor, Clinton
                   was accused of
               pressuring government
                 officials to make a
                $300,000 loan to the
                     Corporation
Independent
  Counsel
  Ken Starr
   (1994)
What is he expected
  to investigate?


Whitewater
 Paula Jones Lawsuit (Filed 1994)


May 8, 1991 Incident

 • Accused Clinton
  propositioning her
   for sex in a Little
   Rock hotel when
  he was Governor.
  Jones v. Clinton
Clinton’s Testimony
 January 17, 1998
Witness: Monica Lewinsky

              • Denied having a
               sexual relationship
                  with Clinton

             • Lied: Had an affair
             with Clinton beginning
              in November of 1995
    An Inside Source: Linda Tripp




-gave Starr over 20 hours of taped conversations
              But I want to say one thing to
               the American people. I want
               you to listen to me. I'm going
                 to say this again: I did not
                have sexual relations with
               that woman, Miss Lewinsky.
                I never told anybody to lie,
                  not a single time; never.
               These allegations are false.
                  And I need to go back to
January 26,        work for the American
   1998              people. Thank you.
         The Saga Continued
     • Jones v. Clinton Case Dismissed
                 April 1, 1998

 • Starr brought in Lewinsky to testify about
                     affair
              August 6, 1998

• Clinton testified to a grand jury about perjury
                 August 17, 1998
Clinton Addressed the Nation
       August 17, 1998
           • I know that my public comments
                 and my silence about this
             matter gave a false impression. I
               misled people, including even
                my wife. I deeply regret that.

           • Indeed, I did have a relationship
              with Ms. Lewinsky that was not
                 appropriate. In fact, it was
                          wrong.
         The Starr Report
-released Sept 9, made public Sept 11, 1998

                      • 6 year investigation
                        • cost $70 million
                        • over 445 pages
                   • sex referenced over 500
                               times
                   • Whitewater referenced 2
                               times
                    • Listed 11 impeachable
                             offenses
   Clinton Testimony released
       September 21, 1998


  “It depends
 upon what the
meaning of the
word is means.”
      Clinton Testimony released
          September 21, 1998
   QUESTION: Your -- that
   statement is a completely
  false statement. Whether or
 not Mr. Bennett knew of your
      relationship with Ms.
 Lewinsky, the statement that
 there was no sex of any kind
in any manner, shape or form
with President Clinton was an
utterly false statement. Is that
             correct?
      Clinton Testimony released
          September 21, 1998
 CLINTON: It depends upon
what the meaning of the word
is means. If is means is, and
  never has been, that's one
   thing. If it means, there is
 none, that was a completely
        true statement.
Clinton settled with Jones
   November 13, 1998




               $850,000
   Impeachment (December 19, 1998)
House of Representatives (Need a majority vote)

                             Charges
                          • Perjury -228-206
                        • Obstruction of justice
                                – 221-212


                        • 2nd perjury -205-229
                     • Abuse of power -148-285
        Exclusive Club
    -Presidents Impeached




Andrew Johnson     Bill Clinton
Height of Approval Rating




               73%
              (Dec 19, 1998)
Trial (Feb 7 – 12, 1999)

             Supreme Court
              Chief Justice
                William
               Rehnquist
   Trial (Feb 7 – 12, 1999)
               Senate = Jury

                            Charges

                               • Perjury
                                 – 45-55


     Senate           • Obstruction of justice
• Need 2/3 vote for           – 50-50
     conviction
    Agreement (Jan 19, 2001)
                 Clinton Statement
• Clinton stated that he gave false testimony in the
           1998 Paula Jones civilian case

               Negative Results
          • 5 year ban of law license
 • $25,000 payment for legal fee reimbursement

                Positive Results
        • No indictment on perjury cases
              • Ended the scandal
George Stephanopoulos
          • “if only this good
            president had
            been a better
            man. ...”
     Scandal & Impeachment
• 79. Whitewater
• 80. no
• 81. White House intern w/ whom Clinton had an
  affair
• 82. lie
• 83. Whitewater special prosecutor, began
  investigating Clinton’s perjury
• 84. Perjury & Obstruction of Justice
• 85. Starr’s
• 86. P = 45-55         OJ = 50-50

								
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