Document Sample
                 By: CARMEN ESSA
Edited By: Dr. Picart
Associate Professor of English
Courtesy Associate Professor of Law
The goal of this class is to understand
psychoanalysis, fetishism, sadism, the
theories of Freud and Jacques Lacan,
and apply them to the films, Marnie and
 “Psychoanalytic     Alfred Hitchcock
  Criticism”          Marnie
 “Visual Pleasure    Psycho
  and Narrative
 Interactive Game
• Analyze dreams, feelings, and/or
 behavior. Search for hidden

• Using free association to
 understand or investigate what
 goes on in the mind.
Psychoanalytic Criticism
   By: Gail Houston
I. Freudian Models
 A. Dynamic model

• Conscious

• Unconscious
       Economic Model

• Pleasure principle

• Reality principle-
   Topographical Model

• Conscious

• Preconscious

• Unconscious
 Topographical Model #2

• Superego

• Ego

• Id
    Freud’s Seven Steps to becoming a
       “normal” member of society.

•   Oral phase
•   Anal phase
•   Phallic phase
•   Oedipus complex
•   Castration complex
•   Latency stage
•   Genital stage
         Jacques Lacan
 “mapping of human identity”
• The Real

• The Imaginary

• The Symbolic Order

• Phallus as Signifier
        QUESTION # 1
In Freud’s seven stages to becoming a
“normal” member of society, in which of
the following stages does the child realize
it is separate from its mother?
a. oral stage
b. anal stage
c. phallic stage
d. latency stage
       QUESTION # 2
Which of the following phases represents
the stage in which the male child fears
that the father has castrated the mother
and will do the same to him?
a. Oedipus complex
b. Castration complex
c. Phallic phase
d. Latency stage
         QUESTION # 3
This stage is sort of a pre-adolescent
stage and must take place in order
for the genital organization stage to
take place.
a.   Phallic stage
b.   Latency stage
c.   Anal stage
d.   Oedipus complex stage
       QUESTION # 4
In this phase, the male child sees his
father as the masculine role model
and identifies the father as the norm
for the male gender.
a. phallic phase
b. oral stage
c. latency stage
d. castration complex
       QUESTION # 5
Which of the following did Jacques Lacan
say was your ideal image of yourself?
Hint: it’s also called the mirror stage.

a. Real
b. Imaginary
c. Ego
d. Id
      QUESTION # 6
Lacan defines this as the period
when the father breaks the mother
and child bond and imposes the
rules of society on the child.
a. Real
b. Imaginary
c. Symbolic Order
d. Oedipus Complex stage
      QUESTION # 7
Lacan identifies this as the time
when both sexes seek to become
“whole” by becoming what the other
sex desires.
a. Real
b. Imaginary
c. Mirror stage
d. Phallus as signifier
      Castration Anxiety
According to Freud, the image of
woman triggers castration anxiety.
This leads to male fetishism because
males have to get pleasure another
way usually by fetishcizing about other
female body parts.
 Mulvey’s Three Classical
 Hollywood Cinema Looks
• Camera

• Audience

• Characters
Laura Mulvey: “Visual Pleasure
     & Narrative Cinema
Visual Pleasure (two forms):

A. Scopophilia

B. Identification
 Reliefs for Castration anxiety

• Voyeurism

• Sadism

• Fetishism
  Brief History of Alfred Hitchcock

• Born in London, 1899
• Died 1980
• Strict Roman Catholic
• Attended Jesuit
  school as a teenager
• Became sketch artist
• Screenwriter, director,
  & producer.

“The Jesuits terrified me to
death, and now I am
getting my own back by
terrifying other people.”
(Phillips 6)
         1st Images of Marnie
• Please watch the first five minutes of
  Marnie and identify as many terms as
• Note: Pay particular attention to the first
  few images of Marnie.
    1st Images of Marnie
Shot/Reverse Shot
Extreme Close-Up
Medium Shot
 Long Shot
 Extreme Long Shot
           Interview Scene
• Students will watch the last few minutes
 of Marnie’s scene with her mother and
 then the scene where she is interviewed.
 Students will identify film terms.
           Interview Scene
• Low Key-Lighting

• High Key Lighting

• High angle shots
       1st Meeting with Mark
• Please watch this five minute clip and
  identify all film terms.
         1st Meeting with Mark

•   Extreme long shot
•   Point of view shot
•   Shot/reverse shot
•   Medium shot
•   Close up
          Bedroom Scene #2
• Please watch this five minute clip and
  identify all film terms.
            Bedroom Scene #2
•   High/Low Key lighting
•   High/Low Angle shots
•   Dolly Shot
•   Fade
•   Extreme Close up
•   Pan
         Medium Close-Up

          Psycho’s 1st scene
• Students will watch the first five minutes
  of the movie and identify all film
Psycho’s 1st scene-Things to look for:

•   Sound
•   Pans
•   Dissolve
•   Shot/Reverse Shot
      Voyeur & Shower Scene
• Please observe this five minute clip and
  identify all film terms.
  Voyeur & Shower Scene

Things to look for:
Point of view shot
High Key Lighting
Low Key Lighting
High Angle Shot
Low Angle Shot
Extreme Close up
         Last scene of Psycho
• Please observe this five minute clip and
  identify all film terms.
        Last scene of Psycho.

•   Shot/Reverse Shot
•   Zoom/Close up
•   Voice Over
•   Dissolve
“I don’t care about the acting. I
don’t care about the subject
matter. My main satisfaction is
that the film had an effect on
the audience.”

Source: Phillips, Gene. Alfred Hitchcock

Phillips, Gene. Alfred Hitchcock.
NY: 1984. Pgs. 6-9

Mulvey, Laura. “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema.”
The Sexual Subject: A Screen Reader in Sexuality. NY: 1992

Houston, Gail. “Psychoanalytic Criticism.”
The Critical Experience. 1994