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Research Project on Dumping of China Mobiles in India document sample
India to have satellite to monitor green house emission A dedicated satellite would be launched with the support of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) by 2012 to monitor India's greenhouse gas emission, Union Minister for Environment and Forests Mr. Jairam Ramesh disclosed. "Currently, Japan and European countries have this satellite but by 2012 we will have a dedicated satellite that will monitor greenhouse gas emission across the country and globe," Mr. The change Ramesh added. “The objective is to study the impact of climate change, fallout of greenhouse gas emissions on the environment by monitoring it through satellite technology,” he said. Another satellite for protection and development of the forest cover in India would be ready by 2013. "As the forests are getting depleted at a rapid pace elsewhere in the M world, there seems to be a need for a satellite," Mr. Ramesh said. The Minister pointed out that India will be more impacted by climate change than any other country. "In many ways, we have the highest vulnerability on multiple dimensions including dependence on eco-system among others," Mr. monsoon, less forest cover and no proper Himalayan eco m Ramesh said. There “There should be emphasis on pollution and public health,” he said, adding “in Bathinda (Punjab), there are growing incidence of cancer being linked to environmental pollution. Also, in Chandrapur (Maharashtra), incidence of respiratory tract problems in children are increasing." Solar energy to light up 191 remote villages In a bid to save energy, Jammu and Kashmir government under its ‘Green Campaign' will light up 191 remote and mountainous hamlets with solar energy. “The state government will light up 191 remote villages and hilly hamlets in J&K with solar lights after lighting up border tehsil of Gurez in North Kashmir,” officials of Science and Technology Department disclosed. In this direction, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has agreed to provide 41,000 additional solar home lighting systems to 191 villages at a cost of Rs. 54 crores under a project drawn by J&K Science and Technology Department, they said. The beneficiaries are required to buy a small component of about Rs 750 whereas assistance of more than Rs 11,000 is available from central government, they said. The solar plants will also be provided to Dargah Sharief Hazratbal in Srinagar, Mata Vaishno Devi in Reasi district, Ziarat Charar-e-Sharief in Budgam besides, Raj Bhavans and State Legislature Complexes at Jammu and Srinagar capital cities, the officials said. The solar power plants would also come up at state's 22 health institutes, they said. Situated close to Indo-Pak border in northern Kashmir's Kupwara district, mountain locked Gurez has shown the way in solar lighting in the state. As many 27 remote and mountainous hamlets in Gurez have been provided with 3,726 solar home lighting systems till now. e-waste Mounting threat from e India, one of the two largest markets for mobile phones in the world along with China, faces a mounting problem — how to get rid of the discarded mobiles. For, by the year 2020, the size of the discarded mobile mound will grow by 18 times from the 2007 level, says a United Nations Environment Programme study. e-waste recycling mechanism is put in place, these abandoned Health problems: If no proper e phones are going to create environmental damage and health problems, the study warns. waste The study, ‘Recycling from e-waste to resources,' was released at a combined meeting of the chemical bodies of UN Conventions on hazardous chemical wastes, organized by the UNEP, at Bali. It warns developing countries, especially fast growing economies like India, China, Brazil and South Africa, that if efforts are not made to recycle the abandoned electronic equipment, they onmental will be in for big environmental trouble. Apart from mobile phones, old computers, TVs and refrigerators added to the e e-waste e-waste mountain in these countries. For instance, computer e waste in India will have risen by five will times in 2020 from the 2007 level. Discarded refrigerators will double or even triple. e-waste The report estimates that India's current e waste generation is: 2.75 lakh tonnes from TVs, over one lakh tonnes from refrigerators, 56,300 tonnes from personal computers, 1,700 tonnes from mobiles and 4,700 from printers. , e-waste However, China's problem from e waste is much more than that of India. It now generates five e lakh tonnes of refrigerator waste and three lakh tonnes of PC waste. Apart from the e-waste generated by domestic consumption, India, China and other developing countries also have e-waste to confront the legal and illegal dumping of e waste by western countries, mainly the United States which is, as of now, not bound by international agreements on hazardous wastes as it has refused to sign such treaties. e-waste Global environmental NGOs have in the past caught several shipments of e waste on the way to the illegal dumping yards in developing countries. For instance, Jim Puckett, leader of a global NGO battling such dumping, pointed out at a media meeting that as recent as this ndonesian week the Indonesian government, alerted by his group, had sent back two ship containers carrying computer waste sent by an American company. The UNEP report also notes that waste global e-waste generation is growing by 40 million tonnes a year. In 2007, more than one ion billion mobiles were sold in the world and the sales are set to jump in the coming years, particularly in developing countries which are home to large populations. Super material will make lighting cheaper and fully recyclable Swedish and American researchers have succeeded in producing a new type of lighting component, using a new ‘super-material’ grapheme, which is inexpensive to produce and can be fully recycled. The invention, which paves the way for glowing wallpaper made entirely of plastic, for example, is published in the scientific journal ACS Nano by scientists at LinkÖping University and Umeå University, in Sweden, and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. Ultra-thin and electricity-saving organic light diodes, so-called OLEDs, have recently been introduced commercially in mobiles phones, cameras and super-thin TVs. An OLED consists of a light-generating layer of plastic placed between two electrodes, one of which must be transparent. Today’s OLEDs have two drawbacks-they are relatively expensive to produce, and the transparent electrode consists of the metal alloy indium tin oxide. The latter presents a problem because indium is both rare and expensive and moreover is complicated to recycle. Now researchers at LinkÖping and Umeå universities, working with American colleagues, are presenting an alternative to PLEDs, an organic light-emitting electrochemical cell (LEC). It is inexpensive to produce, and the transparent electrode is made of the carbon material graphene. Major step: “This is a major step forward in the development of organic lighting components, from both a technological and an environmental perspective. Organic electronics components promise to become extremely common in exciting new applications in the future, but this can create major recycling problems. By using graphene instead of conventional metal electrodes, components of the future will be much easier to recycle and thereby environmentally attractive,” says one of the scientists, Nathaniel Robinson from LinkÖping University. Since all the LEC’s parts can be produced from liquid solutions, it will also be possible to make LEC’s in a roll-to-roll process on, for example, a printing press in a highly cost- effective way. Graphene consists of a single layer of carbon atoms and has many attractive properties as an electronic material. It has high conductivity, is virtually transparent, and can moreover be produced as a solution in the form of graphene oxide. Researchers all over the world have been trying to replace indium tin oxide for more than 15 years. Indium is in short supply, and the alloy has a complicated life cycle. The raw material for the fully organic and metal-free LEC, on the other hand, is inexhaustible and can be fully recycled- as fuel, for example. 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