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The Essay

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The Essay Powered By Docstoc
					The Essay
Its Structure and the
   Functions of Its
    Components
    The Purpose
• Define a position or opinion
• Collect supporting
  examples/details
• Organize points logically
    The Purpose
• Compose a well-developed
  and accurate essay
• “Paint a clear/wholistic
  picture of what you are
  trying to say for the reader.”
        Brief Overview of
       Writing Process Steps
•   Pre-write
•   Organize
•   Write the draft
•   Edit
•   Revise
•   RELEASE/
    PUBLISH
          Basic Structure
• Introduction
  (Beginning)
• Body
  Paragraphs
  (Middle)
• Conclusion
  (End)
    The
Introduction
Paragraph that Sets the Tone for the
        Rest of the Essay
  1st Sentence-
    The Hook
States the Central Idea
     • Definition
     • Statement
       • Quote
• Rhetorical Question
     • Anecdote
      1st Sentence-
        The Hook
    States the Central Idea

• Definition
 –A dynamic character is a
  character that undergoes a
  change because of the actions in
  the story (Anderson, et al 1144).
       1st Sentence-
         The Hook
    States the Central Idea
• Statement(Rhetorical “?”)
 – What causes human beings to
   change?
 – Plant, animals, trees, even bacteria-
   all creatures experience growth or
   change in some way.
        1st Sentence-
          The Hook
     States the Central Idea
• Quote
• Harold Wilson says, “He who
  rejects change is the architect of
  decay. The only human institution
  which rejects progress is the
  cemetery.”
         1st Sentence-
           The Hook
     States the Central Idea
• Ancedote
• Imagine your life flashing before your
  eyes while hanging off the ledge of a
  12 story building. Then consider this
  situation sparking from a little yellow
  piece of paper flying out the window.
     Background-
Leads into the Thesis Statement
                • Title
                • Author
                  – Ex. Jack Finney
                • Setting
                  -Ex. New York
                • Character Info.
The Most Important
Sentence in an Essay
 Thesis Statement
• Blanket Statement about what is
  discussed in the essay
• THE LAST SENTENCE OF
  THE INTRODUCTION
• Helps keep unity in the essay
• Controls the selection of evidence
 Thesis Statement
• LIMITS THE TOPIC COVERED
  IN THE ESSAY
• Answers the provided question/
  Responds to prompt with SPECIFIC
  points or reasons (THESIS in 3)
• NEVER WRITE “I will discuss...” or “The
  following paragraphs will involve…”
 Thesis Statement
• Tom Benecke demonstrates the
  traits of a dynamic character, a
  round character, and
The Body
Paragraphs
The Meat of the Essay
The Body Paragraphs

• Topic Sentence
 –Limits topic covered in
  paragraph
 –Helps the writer maintain unity
  in the paragraph
The Body Paragraphs
• Topic Sentence
  – Introduces central points (One of
    the reasons stated in Thesis
    Statement)
  – Tom Benecke in “Contents of the Dead
    Mans Pocket” demonstrates the
    qualities of a dynamic character.
The Body Paragraphs

• Examples w/ Elaboration
 –Support the point
 –Explain how the example(s)
  support the point
The Body Paragraphs

• Concluding Sentence
  – Develops a larger connection or idea
    from examples
  – Since Tom Benecke has new attitude
    towards his wife by the end of the
    story, he is an example of a dynamic
    character.
The Body Paragraphs

• Transition at the beginning
  of the paragraphs
• NEVER introduce a new idea
  in a previous paragraph
    The Body Paragraphs
• I. Topic Sentence
• II. Support
       A.   Example A
            1.    Fact/Detail/Quote
            2.    Explanation/Elaboration
       B.   Example B
            1.    Fact /Detail/Quote
            2.    Explanation/Elaboration
       C    Example C
   III.Concluding Sent.
 The Body Paragraphs
• Additionally, Consequently, After a few
  hours, Afterwards ,At last, At the same
  time, Before, Before this, Currently,
  During, Eventually, Finally, First,
  Second, Third, First of all, Formerly,
  Immediately before, Furthermore,
  However, Nevertheless, Regardless,
  Constrastingly, In addition to...
        The End
(The Last Great Stroke of the
        Paintbrush/
     The Bottom Bun)
Conclusion
     • Restate the
       THESIS
       STATEMENT
      – Mention specific
        effect of each
        point of the
        Thesis Statement
Conclusion
     • UNIVERSAL
       STATEMENT
      – Connects the
        topic to a larger
        idea, such as
        overall affect of
        the work or
        analysis
Conclusion
     • NEVER
       BEGIN THE
       PARAGRAPH
       W/ the phrase
         IN
       CONCLUSION
Questions
 Created by J. Tolliver

Credits to Hampton City Schools
           2001-2002
     9th Grade Curriculum


				
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posted:7/15/2011
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