General Knowledge Pt XIII by anamaulida

VIEWS: 18 PAGES: 20

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<p><strong>What is the coriolis force?</strong></p>
<p>The Coriolis Force is an important element in meteorology. It" acts on
the atmosphere and is caused by the rotation of Earth, which rotates on
its own axis from west to east with an angular velocity of 15 degree per
hour and gives rise to an apparent force called Coriolis Force or
geostrophic force. It acts at right angles to the wind vector, to the
right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern
hemisphere. It was first postulated by a scientist named Coriolis.</p>
<p><strong>What are t-rays?</strong></p>
<p>T-rays stand for terahertz radiation. It is used to scan airline
passengers for explosives and illegal drugs. The rays are particularly
effective, as they can see through clothing, paper, leather, plastic,
wood, and ceramics. They don't penetrate as well as x-rays, but they also
don't damage living tissue. They can read spectroscopic signatures,
detecting the difference between, say, hair gel and an explosive.</p>
<p><strong>What is the scopes trial?</strong></p>
<p>The Scopes Trial brought about a prosecution in 1925 in Dayton,
Tennessee. The prosecution was of a high school biology teacher who
taught the theory of evolution. The teacher, John T Scopes, was accused
of having violated the Butler Act, a Tennessee law that forbade the
teaching of the theory of evolution in public schools because it
contradicted the account of creation in the Bible. The press dubbed it
the Monkey Trial because, according to popular belief, evolution meant
that humans had evolved from monkeys. The defence argued for the
scientific validity of evolution and against the constitutionality of the
Butler Act, but it did not deny that Scopes had broken the law. He was
convicted and fined $100, but the verdict was later reversed on technical
grounds by the Supreme Court. The Butler Act remained on the books until
1967.</p>
<p><strong>When was the kite invented?</strong></p>
<p>The exact date and origin of the kite is not known but it is believed
that they were flown in China more than 2,000 years ago. The earliest
written account' of kite flying was in about 200 BC when the Chinese
general Han Hsin of the Han dynasty flew a kite over the walls of a city
he was attacking to measure how far his army would have to tunnel to
reach past the defences. Calculating this distance correctly, his troops
reached the inside of the city surprised their enemy, and were
victorious. Kite flying was eventually spread by traders from China to
Korea, and across Asia to India.</p>
<p><strong>Which country has the highest male-female ratio?</strong></p>
<p>The male-female ratio is the proportion of males to females in a given
population at a specified stage in life e.g. at conception, at birth and
at any chosen stage between birth and death. This is usually expressed as
the number of males per 100 females. Qatar has the highest ratio with 187
males to 100 females. However, the ratio for the entire world population
is 101 males to 100 females. Qatar's high male-female ratio is mainly on
account of large immigrant labourers staying without families. In Qatar,
the ratio goes up to 284 males to 100 females for the population above 65
years on account of aging male immigrants and comparatively higher
average mortality rate for females.</p>
<p><strong>Why is earthing necessary for electrical
appliances?</strong></p>
<p>As it's a safety factor, earthing is essential and mandatory. It's an
electrical connection between the exposed metallic parts of an electrical
appliance or installation and the earth, regarded to have zero potential.
Proper earthing provides an alternative and easy path for leakage or
faulty current to flow. It ensures that any exposed conductive part of
the appliance does not reach a dangerous level of potential or voltage
that endangers the life of the user. A proper earthing system should have
least electrical resistance, good corrosion resistance and ability of
dissipating high faulty current.</p>
<p><strong>What is ethical fashion?</strong></p>
<p>Ethical fashion involves taking into consideration the various people
involved in making a piece of clothing. For instance, even as one buys a
pair of jeans, not many think about the farmers who grew the cotton that
went into creating the material, the workers (mainly from poor countries)
who helped sew the jeans, the various chemicals used on it and the
economics of production. Ethical fashion involves creating clothes that
don't adversely impact people or the environment.</p>
<p><strong>What is the fenian movement?</strong></p>
<p>The Fenian Movement or Fenians is a secret revolutionary society
organized in 1858 in Ireland and the United States to achieve Irish
independence from England by force. It was known variously as the Fenian
Brotherhood, Fenian Society, Irish Republican Brotherhood, and Irish-
American Brotherhood. The famine of the 1840s brought to a crisis Irish
discontent with English rule, culminating in the abortive Young Ireland
uprising of 1848, led by William Snpth O'Brien.</p>
<p><strong>What is project blue beam?</strong></p>
<p>Project Blue Beam is a conspiracy theory about a supposed project
whose purpose is to create an artificial Second Coming, in order to
control people. As per the alleged theory, the new world order's purpose
is: 1. To abolish all Christian and traditional religions in order to
replace them with a one-world religion based on the cult of man. 2. To
abolish all national identities and national pride in order to establish
a world identity and a world pride. 3. To abolish the family as known
today in order to replace them with individuals all working for the glory
of the new one-world government. 4. To destroy all individual artistic
and scientific creativity to implement a one-world government, one-
mindset.</p>
<p><strong>What</strong> is<strong> the priory of sion?</strong></p>
<p>The Priory of Sion is a very obscure group whose presence has not been
established with concrete evidence. Papers relating to their existence
were found in 1975 at Paris Bibliothhque Nationale, which named Da Vinci
and Isaac Newton among its Grand Masters. According to the most popular
theory, it is believed that the priory started out as an administrative
wing of the Knights Templar. They had something (though it's not very
clear what it is) that gave them immense power and authority, even over
the Pope. The most accepted answer among scholars is that they had
documents written in the years Christ walked the Earth, which gave
evidence that He was married to Mary Magdalene.</p>
<p><strong>What is dragon's triangle?</strong></p>
<p>The Dragon's Triangle is at the polar opposite of the Bermuda
Triangle. Both triangles are located at 35 degrees west and 35 degrees
east latitude and longitude which means if you were to start out at the
Bermuda Triangle and travel straight through the centre of the Earth, you
would come out at the Dragon's Triangle. This dangerous ocean triangle
has reportedly claimed hundreds, if not thousands, of ships, airplanes,
and submarines since it was first written about in the 13th century. This
is a result of bad oceanic conditions or maybe something more
mysterious.</p>
<p><strong>What is bear bile farming?</strong></p>
<p>The Chinese practice of extracting bile from captive bears for use in
traditional medicinal products is called bile farming. Many animal
welfare groups decry this as inhumane. Bear bile has been prized in the
traditional Chinese medicine community for thousands of years. It's got a
reputation as being a sort of wonder drug, and its active ingredient,
ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), is believed to cure a number of ailments —
everything from cardiac illness to impotence, according to the Humane
Society of the United States. As an unhappy consequence, more than 10,000
bears are currently held in captivity on bear bile farms in China today,
according to the Animals Asia Foundation.</p>
<p><strong>What is guano?</strong></p>
<p>Guano is accumulated dung or excrement and remains of seabirds, bats
and seals found along certain coastal areas and caves. It's found mainly
on the coastal islands of Peru, Africa, Chile and the West Indies. It
contains about 6% phosphorus, 9% nitrogen, 2% potassium and moisture.
Guano is found mixed with feathers and bones and used mainly as a
fertilizer. Bird guano is comparatively a better fertilizer than bat
guano found in caves and seal guano, accumulated on islands off north-
western Peru. Since the global reserves of phosphorus will only last
another 30 years, the use of guano as a fertilizer is gaining
importance.</p>
<p><strong>What is coriolis force?</strong></p>
<p>Coriolis Force occurs whenever a rotating body moves along a curved
path. Hence, two rotary movements (rotation on its axis and precession
about a line) are necessary conditions. Whenever a vehicle in motion
takes a turn, the wheels rotate about their axis and the entire vehicle,
including the wheels, goes round the bend, resulting in Coriolis Force.
This is the most common occurrence of this force.</p>
<p><strong>What is the principle of a voltage stabilizer?</strong></p>
<p>A voltage stabilizer is an electro cal appliance used to feed constant
voltage current to costly electrical gadgets like ACs and computers, and
protects them from damage due to voltage fluctuations. A voltage
stabilizer works on the principle of a transformer, where the input
current is connected to primary windings and output is received from
secondary windings. Whenever there is a drop in incoming voltage, it
activates electromagnetic relays which add to more number of turns in the
secondary winding, thus giving higher voltage which compensates for loss
in output voltage due to drop in incoming voltage. When there is rise in
the incoming voltage, the reverse happens, and, thus, the voltage at the
output side remains almost unchanged.</p>
<p><strong>What is haarp?</strong></p>
<p>HAARP is an acronym for the High Frequency Active Auroral Research
Program, a research initiative aimed at studying the effect on the
performance of communication, navigation and surveillance systems by
simulated heating of the ionosphere. It was started in 1993 and is
expected to continue till 2013. It is defence oriented and toided by
various US defence agencies, including the air force and the navy. A
powerful HF signal is transmitted to heat a limited area of the
ionosphere for a specified time. Scientists then record the effects of
temporarily altered conditions through advanced instruments. It's been at
the centre of controversies, with some organizations claiming that the
transmission antennae may be used as weapons.</p>
<p><strong>What is argemone oil?</strong></p>
<p>Argemone oil is extracted from argemone seeds. It is mixed with
sunflower oil and sesame oil to raise their quantity. Consumption of this
oil leads to health disorders among children. To avoid this, we must
check the contents of the cooking oil. Many oil brands mention 'no
argemone oil' on their packs.</p>
<p><strong>What is switchgrass?</strong></p>
<p>Switchgrass, known in Botany as <em>Panicum Virgatum L.,</em> is the
perennial tall grass found in the prairies of North America and many
parts of Mexico. Its height varies from 5 ft to 12 ft, and the diameter
of its stem at ground level is about 20 inches. It can grow easily even
in poor-quality soil, with low requirement of inputs like fertilisers,
and can tolerate hostile environmental conditions, including floods and
drought. The grass has both main roots that penetrate deep into the soil,
and many temporary fine roots, which enable it to conserve the soil in
which it grows, and make the soil nutritionally rich. Therefore,
switchgrass has been grown traditionally for soil conservation and to
serve as fodder. Since the 1990s, interest in this plant has increased
because it generates a lot of biomass, which can be used for producing
fibre, ethanol, electricity, and other chemicals.</p>
<p><strong>Which compound is used in making bulletproof
jackets?</strong></p>
<p>Bulletproof jackets were being manufactured with ballistic nylon
material till the 1970s. In 1965, a compound — poly-
paraphenyleneterephthalamide — was invented with the brand name Kevlar.
This is a liquid polymer which can be spun into fibre and woven into
cloth. Kevlar was originally developed for tyres and, later, for ropes,
gaskets and various parts of planes and boats. The efficacy of the
material led to its usage for the manufacture of bulletproof jackets.
Another product with the brand name Spectra was developed in 1989 as a
competitor for Kevlar. Spectra is a polyethylene fibre originally
developed as a sail cloth and, later, used to make stronger and lighter
non-woven material for bulletproof jackets.</p>
<p><strong>Who invented the board game monopoly?</strong></p>
<p>Charles Darrow, a US citizen, invented Monopoly in 1931, during the
Great Depression. Out of work, Darrow earned a living doing part time
jobs and inventing puzzles and games, to sell to toy-makers. With some
difficulty, he sold Monopoly to Parker Brothers on a royalty basis. The
game sold so well that Darrow soon became a millionaire. The original
game had properties named after streets, hotels, etc. in Atlantic City,
where Darrow lived. In India, we initially played with the British
version, containing London-based names like Old Kent Road and Piccadilly.
Later, an Indian version was released; it was called Trade and featured,
sites in Mumbai, such as Churchgate Station and Byculla.</p>
<p><strong>What is maniole?</strong></p>
<p>The average temperature in Maniole is perhaps 25 degrees Celsius (Aug.
24).</p>
<p><strong>Who is a wardriver?</strong></p>
<p>A wardriver is someone who accesses an unsecured wireless connection
through a PDA or laptop in a moving vehicle. It's derived from the word
wardialling from the film WarGames. Other related concepts are warbiking
(accessing a wi-fi connection on a motorbike or bicycle) and warwalking/
jogging (doing the same while on foot). While there are several softwares
to enable wardriving, they can be easily misused as well. In India,
terror e-mails were sent by wardrivers who accessed anunprotected
wireless connection.</p>
<p><strong>What are the cod wars?</strong></p>
<p>The three Icelandic Cod Wars that took place in 1958, 1973 and 1975
were precipitated by concerns on the part of Iceland that the stocks of
cod fish were being seriously depleted by over-fishing. With timber,
agriculture, fuel or mineral deposits being the few natural resources in
Iceland, the country relies heavily on its stocks of cod fish and the Cod
Wars have been vital in protecting this industry In 1958, the first
Icelandic Cod War took place after it extended its fishing limits from 4
miles to 12 miles off Iceland's coast. In 1972, Iceland further extended
its limits to a 50-mile radius which prompted a hostile response from
other nations, not least Britain, and the second war took place. An
agreement was reached in 1973, when Britain agreed to limit fishing for
cod to designated areas within the 50-mile radius. What further
instigated the third war, apart from the expiry of the agreement made at
the end of the second war, was Iceland's move to extend the radius to 200
miles.</p>
<p><strong>What is the karakoram highway?</strong></p>
<p>The Karakoram Highway (KH) or Friendship Highway or N35 connects the
Kashgar town in Xinjiang region in China to Havelian (Abbottabad
district) in Pakistan, which extends further to the junction of Grand
Trunk (GT) Road at Hasan Abdal in Pakistan. KH is the world's highest
paved international road constructed across the Karakoram mountain range
and through the Khunjerab Pass located at an altitude of 4,877 metres. It
was built by the governments of China and Pakistan between 1966 and 1986.
KH has given a boost to adventure tourism by giving easier access to high
mountains, five major lakes and glaciers like Baltoro for mountaineers
and adventure-seekers. KH is sometimes referred to as the Ninth Wonder of
the World because of its high altitude and difficulties encountered in
construction.</p>
<p><strong>What is magic acid?</strong></p>
<p>Magic Acid, H2S03F+, is one of the inorganic superacids. This
extremely strong acid has a pKa of 20 and is strong enough to protonate
saturated alkanes to form carbonium ions. Magic Acid is made by mixing
antimonypentafluoride (SbF55) and fluorosulphonic acid. It is considered
a superacid and is called Magic Acid because of its strength. It can
dissolve a wax candle, something that even sulphuric acid cannot do.</p>
<p><strong>What is enneagram personality?</strong></p>
<p>The term enneagram is derived <em>from </em>two Greek words, ennea
(nine) and grammos (something written or drawn). The Enneagram is a
ninepointed figure inscribed in a circle. The meaning of the symbol
itself, together with the personality types organized around the nine
points, convey a system of knowledge about nine distinct but interrelated
personality types, or nine ways of seeing and experiencing the world. The
enneagram of personality is generally presented as a psycho-spiritual
system for mapping the nine possible personalities, like nine facets of a
stone that develop through the natural growth of the human psyche.</p>
<p><strong>What is the bossa nova?</strong></p>
<p>The Bossa Nova is a type of Brazil- ian music system, innovated in
1958. The system merges the samba rhythms, typical to traditional
Brazilian dance music, with the melodies of jazz. Catching the fancy of
college students, this system of fusion reached the peak of popularity
between 1958 and 1963. The system contributed a lot of popular songs to
the standard set of jazz compositions of that era. Later, Bossa Nova
underwent many modifications and enhancements giving rise to several
variants. In Europe, electronic music was incorporated in Bossa Nova,
producing a new musical system called Bossa Electrica. The term Bossa
Nova in Portuguese language means 'new way'.</p>
<p><strong>What is a fitbit tracker?</strong></p>
<p>It's a tiny fitness gadget which constantly monitors if you're eating
right, exercising enough and sleeping adequately The rationale is to
motivate people to lead a healthy lifestyle. The FitBit tracker is
wireless and functions with the help of a motion sensor called
accelerometer, which keeps tabs on movements. When a person walks by a
wireless base station, the information thus collected is uploaded on to
the website fitbit.com.</p>
<p><strong>Do magnets work in space?</strong></p>
<p>A magnet works on the principal of electromagnetism. Magnetic force is
independent of the Earth's gravitational force. Therefore, a magnet will
work in space. As the Earth is also a big magnet with two poles (south
and north), it too exerts a force on other astronomical bodies.</p>
<p><strong>What is an atomic pile?</strong></p>
<p>The atomic pile is an early model of a nuclear reactor whose core
consisted of layers of graphite blocks interspersed with uranium,
designed to create a sustained fission reaction. The first atomic pile
was created by Ernico Fermi and his colleagues at Columbia in 1942. It
consisted of a stack of pure graphite bricks surrounding a neutron
source. This first step enabled the examination of graphite's effect on
neutron activity: absorption and re-emission, quantities, fissions.
Later, they added uranium pieces in some of the graphite bricks.</p>
<p><strong>What is chi-x?</strong></p>
<p>Chi-x Europe Limited has received recognition as a Multilateral
Trading Facility (MTF) from the Financial Services Authority (FSA) and is
authorized to provide services to firms throughout Europe. Established in
response to clients' demands for a faster, cheaper and higher capacity
alternative to trading, Chi-x is the first orderdriven, pan-European
matching engine and central limit order book. It is up to 10 times faster
and. cheaper than trading equities on traditional equity exchanges. Live
trading in European equities started on March 30, 2007.</p>
<p><strong>Which is the strongest industrial glue?</strong></p>
<p>There are many adhesives and they are used depending on the
application and material to be bonded. The most common one is e-600
series, a high-performance elastomeric adhesive, which bonds a broad
range of materials.</p>
<p><strong>What is sweet crude oil?</strong></p>
<p>If the percentage of sulphur is less than 0.5% in petroleum, then it
is called sweet crude oil. It came to be called 'sweet' because the low
level of sulphur gives the oil a mildly sweet taste and pleasant smell.
It also contains a small amount of hydrogen sulphide and carbon
dioxide.</p>
<p><strong>What is confessionalism?</strong></p>
<p>The word confessionalism occurs in the fields of religion, politics
and poetry, each having a different meaning. In religion, particularly in
Christianity, confessionalism refers to the belief that a truly religious
person should accept the entire teaching of the religion, both its values
and rituals. It lays a lot of emphasis on religious dogma and does not
allow for alternative interpretations of the religion. Non-
confessionalists, on the other hand, believe that shared values and
religious spirit and religious experience are more important than ritual
and dogma of a religion. In the field of politics, it signifies a system
of government which apportions seats in its legislature and various
government jobs to different groups of people strictly based on
demographic composition. For instance, the government of Lebanon is based
on the confessionalist model. In poetry, confessionalism refers to a
movement, which became popular in the 1950s and '60s. In this form of
poetry, the work focuses on intimate details of the poet's life, however
unpleasant they may be.</p>
<p><strong>What is the snow white project?</strong></p>
<p>Installation artist Catherine Bay obviously feels rather strongly
about consumerism. In her recent work, the Snow White Project, currently
on display in New York, she makes a grand statement against it by
showcasing several avatars of the fairytale character Snow White. They
are clad in various costumes and hold placards proclaiming 'I Am An
Everyday Consumer Product' and 'My Life Depends On People Wanting To Use
Me.</p>
<p><strong>What are ironwoods?</strong></p>
<p>It's a tree, and as the name implies, an ironwood is an extremely
dense hardwood. The ironwood tree is an evergreen and grows only in the
Sonoran Desert, and can live for over 1,000 years. Its woord is very hard
and very heavy, and doesn't rot easily.</p>
<p><strong>Why is a bmw car also kmrwn as a beemer?</strong></p>
<p>The terms Bimmer, Beemer or Beamer refer to BMW vehicles. However,
Bimmer is the correct term for BMW cars while Beemer and Beamer are used
for BMW motorcycles. Why all these different terms? BMW started big in
motorcycles and was very active in motorsports then. One of its biggest
competitors at the racing track was BSA, which was. also a big name in
motorcycles. Since BSA motorcycles were known as Beesers, BMW fans
decided to call BMW motorcycles Beemers. Over time, different people (who
couldn't spell very well and didn't take the trouble to find out) started
to use the term Beamer. BMW went on to design and manufacture cars which
subsequently outshone their two-wheeler cousins. The BMW car enthusiasts
wanted a new term to differentiate cars from motorcycles and coined the
term Bimmer.</p>
<p><strong>What is the inert pair effect?</strong></p>
<p>To understand the inert pair effect, we need to understand the
periodic table. There are some inherent properties of elements in the
table. The inert pair effect is nothing but the extra stability concept.
Generally p-block elements belonging to 3A, 4A, 5A, 6A, etc. show
variable valency. For example, Sn element of group 4A shows +4 and +2
oxidation state. The higher oxidation stats is called the group number
oxidation state and +2 oxidation state is called the lower oxidation
state which is equal to Group-2. Consider the configuration, if the
electrons are lost from ns and np level, then group oxidation state of +4
is obtained while np electrons are only lost then +2 oxidation state is
obtained due to its extra stability of ns electrons which are called
inert pair. The effect is the inert pair effect.</p>
<p><strong>What is an amoled display?</strong></p>
<p>The term AMOLED stands for Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode/
Device/ Display. An Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED), also Light
Emitting Polymer (LEP) and Organic Electro Luminescence (OEL), is any
Light Emitting Diode (LED) whose emissive electroluminescent layer is
composed of a film of organic compounds. The layer usually contains a
polymer substance that allows suitable organic compounds to be deposited.
They are deposited in rows and columns onto a flat carrier by a simple
printing process. The resulting matrix of pixels can emit light of
different colours.</p>
<p><strong>Does an electric field affect plant growth?</strong></p>
<p>Yes, an electric field affects plant growth. In the presence of an
electric field, the height of the stem and the length of the roots are
more than those without an electric field. The change in growth rate
depends on electric field, temperature and humidity. Experiments show
that if an electric field intensity of 25 kv/m is applied and temperature
and humidity are controlled at 28 degree Celsius and 65% respectively,
then the height of the stem increases by 24% and length of roots by 33
%.</p>
<p><strong>What is air hunger?</strong></p>
<p>Air hunger is the urge to brythe, which is caused by the deytion of
high levels of carbon dioxide in the blood by sensors in the carotid
sinus. It is one of the body's homeostatic mechanisms to ensure proper
oxygenation. Air hunger may be caused by insufficient pulmonary minute
ventilation, a sustained breath-hold constriction of the alveoli of the
lungs, as in asthma, or high ambient levels of carbon dioxide in the air.
Air hunger can be very distressing and triggers strong reactions to
restore breathing. Air hunger is caused due to excess of carbon dioxide
rather than lack of oxygen.</p>
<p><strong>What is the address' made of?</strong></p>
<p>Alfred Aquilizan and his wife Isabel specialize in installation art
works comprising articles of dayto-day use and ownership. Their work
Address5 is made of articles such as books, clothes, bedsheets, blankets,
CD/ DVDs, PC keyboards, toys, printers, fake flowers, etc.</p>
<p><strong>What are wave snakes?</strong></p>
<p>Wave snakes are long red tubes that help convert the motion of waves
into electricity and form part of a commercial wave power station. It was
developed by a British company and took 10 years to create. Currently,
the pilot wavepower project has been launched off the coast of a
Portuguese town called Agucadoura, and aims to power 1,000 families homes
in its initial phase.</p>
<p><strong>What is summer ploughing?</strong></p>
<p>Ploughing one month in advance i.e. in the month of May for kharif
crops is known as summer ploughing. There are the three usual harvests
known as the kharif or autumn (June-September), the rabi or spring
(October-March) and zaid or extra harvest (March-June). Summer ploughing
helps to kill weeds, hibernating insects and diseasecausing organisms by
exposing them to the summer heat. Summer ploughing of groundnut is always
advantageous.</p>
<p><strong>What is the god particle?</strong></p>
<p>God Particle is the nickname given to Higgs boson particle, so far a
hypothetical sub-atomic particle believed to impart mass to the atom and,
eventually, to all matter in the universe. The particle has come to the
limelight in the wake of the ongoing Big Bang experiment in the Large
Hadron Collider at Geneva, which expects to verify the very existence of
the particle for the first time.</p>
<p><strong>What is munchausen syndrome?</strong></p>
<p>Munchausen Syndrome, also known as hospital addiction, factitious
illness, afflicting those referred to as professional patients, is a
repeated fabrication of clinically convincing simulations of disease for
the purpose of gaining medical attention. It refers to patients who
wander from hospital to hospital feigning acute medical or surgical
illness and giving false and fanciful information about their medical and
social background for no apparent reason other than to gain attention.
The cause is unclear, prognosis poor and treatment often unsuccessful in
these psychiatric patients.</p>
<p><strong>What is einstein's rule of 72?</strong></p>
<p>The rule of 72 is a rule of thumb (credited to Albert Einstein) that
investors use to approximate the time it takes for money to double at a
given rate of return. It states that if you divide the number 72 by any
given rate of return, the answer you get is the time it takes for money
to double at that given interest rate (assuming you can get the same rate
each year and it is compounded annually). For example, if you earn 10% on
your money it would double in 7.2 years (72 divided by 10 = 7.2). The
value 72 is a convenient choice of numerator, since it has many small
divisors: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, and 12. It provides a good approximation
for annual compounding, and for compounding at typical rates (from 6% to
10%). The approximations are less accurate at higher interest rates.</p>
<p><strong>What is concentrated solar power plant?</strong></p>
<p>Concentrated solar power plants (CSPs) generate electricity by using
the sun's energy to convert water into steam to run turbines connected to
generators. Such a power plant consists of large sun-tracking mirrors
(heliostats) to focus sunlight on a receiver at the top of a tower. The
receiver uses solar power to heat up a heat-transfer fluid to generate
steam which, in turn, is used in a convection turbine generator to
produce electricity Such plants are similar to those of coal or gas-based
plants. Nowadays, molten ammonium nitrate salt is used as a heat-transfer
fluid, which can store heat inside it. Hence, these plants can even work
at night or on a cloudy day</p>
<p><strong>Which is the first company to use barcode for
sales?</strong></p>
<p>On June 26,1974, a 10-pack Wrigley's chewing guni was the first
product logged in a grocery store by a barcoding system using the modern
universal product code. Later that year, the Uniform Grocery Product Code
Council became the UPCC which regulates the issue and use of all
universal product codes. At the same time, companies pursued the use of
barcodes in industrial and other applications. In 1971, th Plessey
Company developed a barcode scanner and tracking system for library book
checkout. The Codabar barcode was developed by Monarch Marking Systems
around the same time for blood collection and book tracking applications.
Intermec developed Code 3 of 9, a barcode that could store alphanumeric
information. All other codes prior to this could only represent numeric
digits.</p>
<p><strong>What does acropolis mean?</strong></p>
<p>Acropolis is a Greek term, and refers generally to an elevated area in
the centre of a city, acting as its focal point for cultural, religious,
and civil activities. In particular, the term refers to the rocky hill at
the centre of Athens, Greece, on which are located several ancient
monuments, including the famous Parthenon, the temple for the Goddess
Athena, constructed around 5th century BC. In Greek, aero means high and
polls means city All ancient cities were supposed to have been first set
up on elevated areas, primarily for defence. Even after a city grew
around the initial elevated area, the elevated area continued to act as a
nucleus for the city's growth and culture. By generalization, the term
acropolis is now used to refer to a central complex of structures in some
cities.</p>
<p><strong>What is round tripping?</strong></p>
<p>Round tripping has several meanings. In finance, it refers to money
that leaves the country, often routed to the diaspora, making its way
back to the country in the form of foreign direct investment. It also
refers to a company that sells an unused asset to another company, while
agreeing to buy it or a similar asset at the same price. This is also
referred to as Lazy Susans. In technology round tripping refers to the
repeated conversion of a document from one format to another – for
instance, a rich text format to a doc format and so on. This sort of
round tripping may affect the quality of the content.</p>
<p><strong>What is creative capitalism?</strong></p>
<p>It is a new idea that aims to achieve both the goals of generating
profits as well as solving the problem of inequality between the rich and
poor by using market forces in a better way. Several companies around the
world have adopted this concept by integrating philanthropic motives with
product development, and treating the poor as a new class of customers.
It involves a systematic approach to research, product design,
distribution, partnership and profit models to help this new class of
customers which businesses have traditionally ignored. .</p>
<p><strong>What is the kit-cat club?</strong></p>
<p>Kit-Cat Club was London's political and literary club, active between
1700 and 1720. The four dozen members included leading Whig politicians
and London's best young writers. Among them were Charles Seymour, the
sixth duke of Somerset; Sir Robert Walpole; Thomas Pelham-Holles, the
duke of Newcastle; William Congreve; Joseph Addison; Sir Richard Steele;
and Sir Godfrey Kneller, who did portraits of the members. The club was
the centre of opposition during Queen Anne's Tory ministry (1710-14).</p>
<p><strong>What is the captcha project?</strong></p>
<p>CAPTCHA refers to a category of information technologies used to
ensure that a human rather than a computer is making an online
transaction. It is an acronym for Completely Automated Turing Test to
Tell Computers and Humans Apart and patented by Carnegie Mellon
University It is a challengeresponse test used in computing to determine
whether the user is a human. A typical CAPTCHA requires a user to type
the letters of a distorted image, sometimes with the addition of an
obscured sequence of letters or digits that appear on the user's screen.
The origin of the CAPTCHAs was to counter the characteristics of software
agents (bots) that automatically fill up web forms as individual
users.</p>
<p><strong>What is a false vacuum?</strong></p>
<p>False vacuum and true vacuum form a metastable system. Metastable
state is a state which does not change with time but is susceptible to
falling into lower-energy states with only slight interaction. It is
analogous to being at the bottom of a small valley when there is a deeper
valley close by. True vacuum is the name applied to a condition of the
true lowest energy state of the vacuum. False vacuum refers to a
condition with an elevated vacuum energy density. The two conditions are
separated by some energy barrier — which is why they form a metastable
system. If the current universe is in a state of false vacuum, it is
conceivable that some experiment would concentrate enough energy into a
small enough place to coax the vacuum over the energy barrier and into
the true vacuum state. This could perhaps be catastrophic.</p>
<p><strong>What is dissociative identity disorder?</strong></p>
<p>Dissociative Identity Disorder is defined as the occurrence of two or
more personalities within the same individual, each of which, during some
time in the person's life, is able to take control. This is not often a
mentally healthy thing when the personalities vie for control. It's also
known as multiple personality disorder (MPD). In 1994, the American
Psychiatric Association's DSM-IV replaced the acronym MPD with
dissociative identity disorder (DID).</p>
<p><strong>Why does the moon appear upside down in the southern
hemisphere?</strong></p>
<p>The moon orbits near the equator of the Earth. In the southern
hemisphere, we are standing at the opposite side of the globe, from a
person who is standing in the northern hemisphere. So, we are literally
standing upside down with relation to the person at the other end. We,
therefore, see the moon from a completely different vantage point. So, if
a man sees the moon crescent facing up in the northern hemisphere, it'll
appear upside down to a person in the southern hemisphere.</p>
<p><strong>Which is the world's hottest pepper?</strong></p>
<p>The bhut jolokia variety which grows in north-eastern India, was given
a rating of 8,55,000 Scoville heat units by Ritesh Mathur and his
colleagues at the Defence Research and Development Establishment,
Gwalior. They reported their finding in an August 2000 issue of Current
Science. The scientists tested a Tezpur variety of the bhut, or Capsicum
Frutescens var. (botanists know it as Nagahari). The Guinness Book of
World Records recently certified the bhut jolokia as the world's hottest
chilli pepper. The chilli probably gets its name owing to its demonic
bite — bhut means ghost and jolokia means chilli. A single seed of the
bhut can cause intense spicy sensations in the mouth for up to 30
minutes. Smeared on fences, they are also employed to scare off wild
elephants.</p>
<p><strong>What is iceland's hdi ranking?</strong></p>
<p>With a ranking of 0.968, Iceland had the highest Human Development
Index (HDI) ranking in 2007. The HDI ranking takes into consideration a
country's life expectancy literacy educational attainment and GDP per
capita. Currently though, Iceland's top-ranking status is rather ironic,
considering the global financial crisis has almost wiped out its economy
and the country is virtually bankrupt.</p>
<p><strong>What is the aufbau principle?</strong></p>
<p>The Aufbau Principle states that in the ground state of an atom, an
electron enters the orbital with lowest energy first and subsequent
electrons are fed in the order of increasing energies. The word 'aufbau'
in German means 'building up\ Here, it refers to the filling up of
orbitals with electrons.</p>
<p><strong>What is chargafts rule of base equivalence?</strong></p>
<p>Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the genetic material found in the
chromosomes of all animals and plants. It is made up of only four types
of organic nitrogenous bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), thymine (T) and
cytosine (C). Of these, A and G are the purines and T and C are the
pyrimidines. Chargaff gave the base pairing rule or the rule of base
equivalence which states that only one purine can combine with one.
pyrimidine. That means A can combine with T and G with C. Two purines or
two pyrimidines cannot combine with each other; if they do so, there will
be a sudden change in the characteristic of an organism. This sudden
change is called mutation.</p>
<p><strong>Who are neo consumers?</strong></p>
<p>The NEO consumers are new highvalue consumers of the new economic
order (NEO). It is a newly emerging segment of customers from all age
groups, ethnicities, income bands, locations and have high propensity to
spend their income on disposable goods, NEO consumers are valuable as
they consume constantly and favour a sense of investment, discretionary
choices and value-added services. They seek rich information and
authenticity; are motivated by choice, options and quality; sceptical
about whether deals and discounts will deliver to their expectations;
loyal to brands that understand them and comfortable with calculated
risk.</p>
<p><strong>What is pansori?</strong></p>
<p>Pansori is a folk art which has lasted since the 17th century in
Korea. Singers sing and gesture according to the beats of the traditional
Korean drum, tambour. Pansori consists of 12 episodes and is based on
classical literature. It typically takes a few hours to complete a
Pansori performance. Most young Koreans don't go see to see it now. It is
aired on television on traditional Korean holidays like the lunar new
year day and Korean thanksgiving day called 'Chuseok'.</p>
<p><strong>What is skinflation?</strong></p>
<p>It refers to the increase in marketing of beauty products, which use
scientific jargon that confuses consumers. Such marketing works on the
premise that using words that sound scientific may be considered more
effective by the consumer, and help justify high prices.</p>
<p><strong>What are auroras?</strong></p>
<p>The beautiful patterns of green and blue lights that occur in the
atmosphere of the polar region are known as auroras. Although there are
several mythological stories related to auroras, in 1716, perhaps the
first scientific research on auroras began in Europe. They occur in the
mesosphere, which is present about 50 to 80 miles above sea level. They
are known as Aurora Borealis or northern lights, and Aurora Australis or
the southern lights, in northern and southern hemisphere respectively.
Auroras are natural phenomena and occur when a flow of charged particles
from the sun (called solar wind) collide with air molecules in the
atmosphere. lonization takes place and this produces coloured light.
Although such collisions only take place near magnetic poles of the
Earth, auroras are also visible in mid-latitude regions in case of
intense solar activity.</p>
<p><strong>What is love bombing?</strong></p>
<p>Whenever an individual or a group of individuals overtly convey to
another individual or group their concern and affection frequently,
consistently and profusely, then the former is said to be love bombing
the latter. There is a controversy on whether love bombing indicates
genuine affection. Love bombing is said to be practised by members of
several religious organizations and cults. Critics of cults feel that
love bombing is a ploy to lure recruits. Members of Unification Church,
where the above term was said to have originated, oppose this view.
According to them, love bombing involves giving a lot of positive
attention, thereby fulfilling the basic human need for self-esteem and
love.</p>
<p><strong>What are the speeds of diesel and electric locomotive
engines?</strong></p>
<p>Diesel locomotive engines are classified as diesel-mechanical (DM),
diesel-electric (DE) and diesel-hydraulic (DH) engines. DM engines run at
an average speed of 60 kmph, while DE engines travel at an average speed
of 80 kmph, also the average speed of an electric engine. The DH engines
are heavy-duty ones and maintain an average speed of 120 kmph.</p>
<p><strong>Who is capeta?</strong></p>
<p>It's a sport anime about cart racing. Capeta is a 10-year-old boy with
a single-parent. His father works for a paving company. While working on
a go-karting track, his father gets broken pieces out of a trash pile and
cobbles together a kart. A determined Capeta masters the mangled kart and
impresses the manager of a racing team, who helps him gain entry into the
world of racing, secretly as a rival to her son.</p>
<p><strong>What is pork barrel politics and why is it called
so?</strong></p>
<p>Pork barrel politics refers to government spending intended to benefit
constituents of a politician in return for his or her political support,
either in the form of campaign contribution or votes. Typically, it
involves funding for government programmes whose economic or service
benefits are concentrated in a particular area but whose costs are spread
among all taxpayers. Public projects and agricultural subsidies are the
common examples. This has been associated with US politics, where
legislators seek to base military or transport facilities, and government
agencies, in their constituency. Pork barrel originally referred to
American slaves' rushed attempts to obtain some of the pork given to them
as a group in large barrels. Electoral prospects, especially for
Congressmen, often depended on how much pork they could divert to their
home district.</p>
<p><strong>What is the oera linda?</strong></p>
<p>The Oera Linda Book is an ancient manuscript that was discovered in
the Netherlands in the 19th century It is allegedly several thousand
years old. The book tells of the destruction of Atlantis in 2194 BC, and
the subsequent history of the Frisian people. The book was forgotten
until 1977, when ancient mysteries writer Robert Scrutton wrote a lengthy
commentary and introduction for an abridged edition of the Oera Linda
Book. Entitled 'The Other Atlantis', it was an instant bestseller.</p>
<p><strong>Who is a stealth shopper?</strong></p>
<p>A stealth shopper is a person who shops secretly to avoid flaunting
wealth or to hide expenses from a spouse.</p>
<p><strong>How was the first world map drawn?</strong></p>
<p>The first world map was chis elled on a clay tablet in ancient Babylon
in 6 BC. The first reasonably accurate world map was drawn by hand on
paper by Gerardus Mercator, a Flemish geographer. His first world map was
produced in 1538 and improved upon in 1585.</p>
<p><strong>What is the meaning of 'go over like a lead
balloon'?</strong></p>
<p>The correct phrase in English is 'It went down like a lead balloon'.
It means it dropped straight to the floor, or was a disaster. The phrase
'Go over like a lead balloon' means to fail completely or to go over
badly and be considered a flop. It is the US version of the original
phrase.</p>
<p><strong>What is a black forest dress? </strong></p>
<p>Black Forest or Schwarzwald is a thickly wooded mountainous region in
southwest Germany, extending over 4,600 square miles. Three neighbouring
parishes — Gutach, Wolfach-Kirnbach, and Hornberg-Reichenbach of Black
Forest — are'known for their women's traditional costumes known as the
'Black Forest dress' worn on special occasions.</p>
<p><strong>What is a wedsite?</strong></p>
<p>It is a website where a couple posts information about their upcoming
or recent wedding. After the wedding, pictures and posts are uploaded; it
could also be interactive. It is a relatively new concept and includes
information as to how the couple met, invitations to friends and
relatives, wedding clothes of the bride and groom, the 'wedding album'
photo gallery and blogs related to preand post wedding events.</p>
<p><strong>What is an amap?</strong></p>
<p>An aMap (argument map) is a visual representation of the structure of
an argument in informal logic. It includes the components of an argument
such as the main contention, premises, objections and rebuttals. The
techniques were first presented by Facione and Facione in 'Thinking and
Reasoning in Human Decision Making: The Method of Argument and Heuristic
Analysis'.</p>
<p><strong>Why are the emmy awards so called?</strong></p>
<p>The Emmy Awards were instituted,by the Academy of Television Arts and
Sciences (ATAS) as a television equivalent for me Academy Awards for
films. Thename 'Emmy' is the feminization of 'Inuny' — the nickname for
the image of the orthicon camera tube that led to the development of
television.</p>
<p><strong>What's unique about the art cologne fair?</strong></p>
<p>Art Cologne is an art fair held annually in Cologne, Germany It is
Germany's leading art fair and was established in 1967. It bills itself
as the 'world's oldest art fair' although the 57th Street Art Fair was
founded in 1948, almost two decades earlier.</p>
<p><strong>What is stevenson's screen?</strong></p>
<p>Stevenson's Screen is a wooden box fitted into a steel frame,
specially designed to protect weather instruments like thermometer,
barometer, etc. from the sun's rays and other natural heat radiation.
British civil engineer Thomas Stevenson designed the first Stevenson's
Screen in 1818.</p>
<p><strong>Why don't oceans dry up?</strong></p>
<p>It is estimated oceans hold about 97.5% of the total water available
on the earth. While the oceans constantly lose water through evaporation
by sunlight and wind, at the same time they receive water through rivers,
underground channels and rainfall. The loss and gain is almost the
same.</p>
<p><strong>Apart from nice, where is the 'lemon festival'
celebrated?</strong></p>
<p>The 'Lemon Festival' is also celebrated in Goleta Valley in
California, where lemon farming is an important agricultural
activity.</p>
<p><strong>Where is the annual ice festival in china held?</strong></p>
<p>The annual Ice Festival is held in Harbin, northern China, and the
capital of the Heilongjiang Province. Harbin is known for its very cold
winters. The month-long festival starts on January 5. Harbin's festival
is one of the world's four largest Ice and Snow Festivals, along with
Japan's Sapporo Snow Festival, Canada's Quebec City Winter Carnival and
Norway's Ski Festival.</p>
<p><strong>What are stoas?</strong></p>
<p>Stoas in ancient Greek architecture are covered walkways or porticos
meant for public use. Some of the famous stoas are Stoa Poikile, Stoa of
Attalos, Stoa Basileios (Royal Stoa).</p>
<p><strong>What is a toxic wife?</strong></p>
<p>A toxic wife is one who quits her job after marriage to supposedly
take care of the home and raise children, but instead hires an army of
domestic help. While this gives her time to spend extravagantly, it
burdens the husband. It's been reported in the UK that many such women
have divorced their spouses, who lost their jobs and money in the recent
downturn.</p>
<p><strong>Who owns antarctica and its resources?</strong></p>
<p>Antarctica is considered politically neutral and is owned by no
nation. The Antarctic Treaty of 1959 sets aside the continent as a
scientific preserve, established freedom of scientific investigation,
envi ronmental protection, and banned military activity on that
continent. An Act called The Madrid Protocol bans all mining activities
in Antarctica, designating the continent as a natural reserve devoted to
peace and science.</p>
<p><strong>Who are carpet-baggers?</strong></p>
<p>Newcomers who enter a territory seeking success are called carpet-
baggers. This term originated from ambitious northerners in the US who
flocked to the post-Civil War South, carrying their possessions in a
handbag made of carpet material. They sought opportunities to help newly-
enfranchised Black citizens run for political office.</p>
<p><strong>What is hillwalking?</strong></p>
<p>In the UK, hillwalking is to walk up the hills and mountains without
the planned use of a climbing rope or other climbing aids. Outside the
UK, it is usually referred to as trekking, but the principles are the
same and the necessary skills similar.</p>
<p><strong>What is helicopter parenting?</strong></p>
<p>It's a colloquial term that refers to a style of parenting, which
involves paying extremely close attention to children. It's also called
over parenting. It gets its name from the fact that parents hover over
children like a helicopter</p>
<p><strong>What is defty?</strong></p>
<p>Almost every institutional investor and offshore fund enterprise with
equity exposure in India would like to have an instrument for measuring
returns on their equity investment in terms of dollars. To facilitate
this, a new index the S&amp;P CNX Defty, a dollar-denominated S&amp;P CNX
Nifty has been developed. S&amp;P CNX Defty is S&amp;P CNX Nifty,
measured in dollars. It provides an effective tool for hedging Indian
equity exposure.</p>
<p><strong>What is the law of parsimony?</strong></p>
<p>The principle states that the explanation of any phenomenon should
make as few assumptions as possible, eliminating those that make no
difference in the observable predictions of the explanatory hypothesis or
theory. The principle is often expressed in Latin as the Lex Parsimoniae
(law of parsimony or law of succinctness).</p>
<p><strong>How many types of wines are produced in the
world?</strong></p>
<p>Wines of all types can be classified by either the primary grape
variety or the region where the grapes are grown. Even within types of
wines, there is a great variety of flavour and texture because the
climate varies in different regions. The two major categories are red and
white.</p>
<p><strong>What is vigenere cipher?</strong></p>
<p>It is a technique for encrypting messages consisting of only text, and
no special characters or numeric digits. It is derived from a much
simpler and one of the oldest known encryption systems called Caesar
cipher.</p>
<p><strong>What is the keynesian prescription?</strong></p>
<p>The Keynesian prescription was a tool employed by John Maynard Keynes
to show that in times of depression it is up to the government to step in
where dispirited businesses will not and spend money through fiscal
policy on anything that will get the unemployed back to work. Fiscal
policy refers to instruments (public expenditure) by which a government
tries to regulate the economy.</p>
<p><strong>What is a black corner notice?</strong></p>
<p>A Black Corner Notice is one of the seven major types of notices
issued by the Interpol to its member countries to share information
related to criminal investigation. Six of these are known by the colour
in which the mterpol logo is printed, different colours denoting notices
carrymg different types of information. The Black Corner Notice contains
information related to unidentified dead bodies, specifically those
related to individuals suspected to have died while using a false
identity.</p>
<p><strong>What is isinglass?</strong></p>
<p>Isinglass, which is called so because of its glass-like translucency,
refers to thin sheets of mica. It's used as peepholes in boilers and
lanterns. It was preferred over glass because it would not splinter on
breaking due to extreme temperature gradients. The name also applies to a
collagen derived from the swim bladders of fish, especially the Beluga
Sturgeon, used for making desserts and in the clarification of wines and
beers. Isinglass is also the name of a famous British thoroughbred
racehorse that won an English Triple Crown.</p>
<p><strong>Who was the zodiac killer?</strong></p>
<p>The Zodiac killer was a serial killer in California, supposedly
responsible for five murders and two failed attempts that took place from
1968 to 1969. He created a sensation and a scare by publishing letters in
newspapers with Zodiac as his pen name. In his letters, he used to claim
responsibility for murders that had taken place and would disclose his
plans for future murders.</p>
<p><strong>What is terroir?</strong></p>
<p>Terroir is a French term that means soil or earth and is generally
used to refer to all the physical and environmental characteristics in
and around a particular vineyard that influence the quality of wine —
climate, soil composition and geographical location. Without a direct
English equivalent, terroir specifically refers to the consistent,
distinctive qualities in wine that are not the results of the variety of
the grape or the skills of the grower and winemaker.</p>
<p><strong>What is sabre-raifling?</strong></p>
<p>Sabre-rattling is an idiomatic phrase that originated in the early
20th century when an officer would threaten to draw his sabre. It usually
refers to a flamboyant display of military power or as an implied threat
like a company threatening another with a lawsuit.</p>
<p><strong>What are heartwood and sapwood?</strong></p>
<p>Wood is, in fact, the secondary xylem formed by cambium (layers of
tissues) during secondary growth. As the tree grows old, the wood at the
centre ceases to perform the function of conduction and is blocked with
organic compounds like oil, resins, and tannins, and develops a dark
colour. This darkcoloured portion of the wood is called heartwood. The
peripheral, light-coloured, better water-conducting wood is called
sapwood.</p>
<p><strong>What was austria's currency before the euro was
introduced?</strong></p>
<p>From 1924 to 1938 and between 1945 to 1999, Austria's currency was the
schilling, which was divided into 100 groschen. Thereafter, the euro
replaced the schilling.</p>
<p><strong>What's special about the encoded cylinder?</strong></p>
<p>The encoded cylinder refers to the Cyrillic Projector sculp ture by
American artist James Sanborn which was created in the early 1990s. The
32-character Cyrillic alphabet has been used on it with the Russ ian word
for 'shadow' — TEHb — appearing several times.</p>
<p><strong>What is the big read?</strong></p>
<p>It is an initiative of the National Endowment for the Arts of America
designed to encourage book reading among citizens. The literature in
focus is on American popular culture. The National Endowment has
partnered the Institute of Museum and Library Services and Arts Midwest.
Support for the Big Read is given by the W K Kellogg Foundation and a
grant by the Paul G Alien Family Foundation.</p>
<p><strong>How old is tintin?</strong></p>
<p>Tintin is 80 — he was created in post-war France by Belgian artist
Georges Remi, who took the name of Herge. Tintin is a Belgian reporter,
and has a faithful fox terrier called Snowy. The comic series first
appeared on January 10,1929, in a Belgian newspaper and was a hit with
children. Later, Herge added the popular Captain Haddock, Professor
Calculus, the two incompetent detectives, Thomson an4 Thompson and the
opera singer Bianca Castafiore.</p>
<p><strong>What is zorbing?</strong></p>
<p>Zorbing is an extreme adventure sport involving a ball made of PVC,
also called the zorb. The person, or persons,in case of 'group zorbing',
getsinside and the ball is closed. Itis then rolled down a hill. There
are two ways to zorb: one involves getting wet.</p>
<p><strong>What is the devil quartet?</strong></p>
<p>The devil or 'evil quartet' is a sobriquet used to describe four major
causes that have led to the accelerated rate of extinction of species.
These causes have been attributed mainly to human activities like
extensive deforestation and poaching.</p>
<p><strong>Which is the oldest civilization?</strong></p>
<p>The Sumerian civilization is the oldest civilization known to mankind.
The term 'Sumer' is today used to designate southern Mesopotamia. In
3,000 BC, a flourishing urban civilization existed. China is the oldest
surviving civilization.</p>
<p><strong>What is meant by "ceteris paribus'?</strong></p>
<p>'Ceteris paribus' is a Latin phrase that means "with other things the
same". Ceteris paribus clauses are widely used in economics to simplify
formulation and description of economic outcomes.</p>
<p><strong>What is the governor's ball at the academy
awards?</strong></p>
<p>The Governor's Ball at the Academy Awards ceremony in Hollywood is its
concluding event, and a celebration for the around 1,500 invitees,
winners, nominees and other guests.</p>
<p><strong>What is seaflux?</strong></p>
<p>It is a study of the changes in oceans and its waves affected by
momentum, heat and quantum of water. It involves creation of comparable
datasets and constant observation of the effect of heat and momentum on
the ocean front.</p>
<p><strong>What is a sungrazer?</strong></p>
<p>When comets break up, smaller comets and sungrazers are formed. As
these approach the sun, they break into smaller fragments before
colliding into it. Sungrazers are classified into families and the
largest is the Kreutz family with over 500 sungrazers.</p>
<p><strong>Why are zodiac signs named after animals?</strong></p>
<p>The term 'zodiac' stands for animals. However, all zodiac signs do not
represent animals, like Libra is represented by a balance. Astrologically
and astronomically, zodiac signs are representative of various pattern
formed by stars.</p>
<p><strong>What does 'jack of all trades' mean?</strong></p>
<p>'Jack of all trades, master of none' is a figure of speech used for a
person who is competent with many skills but is not outstanding in any
particular one. The phrase was in common use during the 1600s and was
used as a term of praise. 'Jack' in those days was a generic term for
'man'.</p>
<p><strong>Why is glass brittle?</strong></p>
<p>Ordinary glass is soda-lime glass and is a mixture of silicates of
sodium, potassium, calcium and aluminium etc. It is brittle because its
molecular structure is composed of tetrahedral crystals. These crystals
do not have a good large-area orderly crystalline structure. Therefore,
when it is under stress, the structure gets ruptured.</p>
<p><strong>What dyes are used to ink
</strong><strong>tattoos?</strong></p>
<p>A majority of dye pigments are derived from metals. Black dye is non-
metallic and is made from carbon, black ink or logwood.</p>
<p><strong>What does roadrunner refer to?</strong></p>
<p>It's the world's fastest supercomputer built by scientists at IBM and
Los Alamos National Laboratory for the US military It can compute about
1.026 quadrillion calculations per second. It will be primarily used for
military problems, particularly to ensure the accurate functioning of
ageing nuclear weapons.</p>
<p><strong>What is the armenian genocide?</strong></p>
<p>The Armenian genocide was carried out by the Young Turk government of
the Ottoman Empire from 1915 to 1916 and from 1922 to 1923. About 1.5
million Armenians out of the 2.5 million in the empire were killed.
Armenians all over the world commemorate the tragedy on April 24 every
year.</p>
<p><strong>What's distinctive about davos?</strong></p>
<p>Situated at an altitude of 1,560 metres, in the heart of the Alps in
Switzerland, the town of Davos has the distinction of being the largest
mountain resort in the Alps and the highest town of Europe. Its major
tourist attraction are winter sports. It is also a preferred place for
holding international conferences like the World Economic Forum.</p>
<p><strong>What is fat tuesday?</strong></p>
<p>Fat Tuesday is Mardi Gras, where gras is French for fat and Mardi is
French for Tuesday The name comes from the tradition of slaughtering and
feasting on a fattened calf on the last day of a carnival. The annual
festivities start on January 6 and build to a climax on Mardi Gras, or
Fat Tuesday, which always occurs on the day before Ash Wednesday.</p>
<p><strong>What is a gazebo?</strong></p>
<p>A gazebo is a pavilion structure, often octagonal, commonly found in
parks, gardens, and spacious public areas. Gazebos provide shade, basic
shelter, ornamental features in a landscape and a place to rest.</p>
<p><strong>What is a slumpometer?</strong></p>
<p>The global slumpometer is a yardstick economists use to measure the
severity of the recession in various economies across the world. It takes
into account unemployment. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross
Domestic Income (GDI). To the average person, rising unemployment and
pink slips mean a recession. While for many economists, a recession has
arrived when there's a dip in GDP for two successive quarters. For
others, a recession is when the GDI begins to dip, and is a more reliable
factor than GDP.</p>
<p><strong>What is a surgical strike?</strong></p>
<p>A surgical strike is an attack using missiles, bombers or on the
ground against certain specific targets. The strike is planned with
surgical precision so that they cause damage only to the planned targets
and cause minimum damage to their surroundings. These attacks are usually
carried out against terrorist camps or facilities such as power stations,
armouries, etc.</p>
<p><strong>How did the term 'window dressing' originate? </strong></p>
<p>Textile and readymade shops dress mannequins (models of human bodies)
with attractive clothing they sell and place them in display windows.
Likewise, mutual funds and banks add more temporary assets and
liabilities on year ends to ensure their balance sheets remain attractive
to the public, especially to investors. As their intention is to dress up
their balance sheets to make them attractive like a shopper does to the
mannequins, the term 'window dressing' is used to mean artificial
inflation of assets which will wear off after the year-end.</p>
<p><strong>How do clouds move?</strong></p>
<p>Clouds are formed when water evaporates from rivers, ponds, oceans,
and lakes. High cirrus clouds are moved by a jet stream and sometimes
travel at 100 kmph. When clouds are a part of a thunderstorm, they
usually travel at 30-40 kmph.</p>
<p><strong>What is the jagd and hund fair?</strong></p>
<p>It is the 'Hunting and Hounds fair where exhibitors present the latest
trends in fishing and hunting.</p>
<p><strong>What is the nathan rothschild maxim?</strong></p>
<p>The Nathan Rothschild maxim says that you 'make money in the stock
market when blood flows in the streets'. Nathan Rothschild was a stock
dealer in the London stock market who took advantage of early knowledge
of England's victory at Waterloo. First, he sold all his shares, which
caused heavy meltdown in the market. Towards the end, he bought all the
shares at a very low price before the news of England's victory reached
London. With England's victory, the share market rose rapidly and in the
process, Nathan made a lot of money.</p>
<p><strong>What is icor in economics?</strong></p>
<p>Incremental Capital .Output Ratio (ICOR) is the additional capital
required to increase one unit of output. This ratio is used to measure
the efficiency of an industrial unit or country as an economic unit. The
lesser the ICOR, more efficient the organization.</p>
<p><strong>What is a suction excavator?</strong></p>
<p>A suction excavator is a combination of excavator and a pump for dual
function of excavating earth and pumping the soil out. It has an air pump
for generating the required flow of air</p>        <!--INFOLINKS_OFF-->
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