Social Venture Partnership to Disseminate Climate Resilient Technologies in the Semi-Arid Region of Brazil: Project Proposal Fact Sheet Summary: Main organizations involved: This project is the result of a vibrant collaborative 1. REDEH – Network for human Development, Rio partnership that gathered multilevel and multi-sectorial de Janeiro (www.redeh.org.br) partners to develop an agricultural production model for 2. Centro Clima, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro the semi-arid region of Brazil that is resilient to climate (www.centroclima.org.br) change and that could be replicated also in other regions 3. Municipality of Pintadas, state of Bahia of the world. The project was first implemented in one (http://www.pintadas.ba.gov.br/index.asp) municipality (Pintadas, BA) through the SouthSouthNorth 4. Federal Environment Agency of Germany Collaborative and now aims to expand to other (www.uba.de) municipalities through the creation of a Clearing House 5. SEED Initiative (www.seedinit.org) Mechanism. The CHM will identify, develop and 6. Secretary of Science and Technology, State of implement best agricultural practices that serve as a Bahia (www.secti.ba.gov.br) climate change adaptation strategy for the region. 7. Technology partners Duration and Budgets: Amount requested Co-funding already available (as % of total -- estimation) Contact Details: (start-up of CHM and test in 3 municipalities) 1. Thais Corral Description Year 1 (€) Year 2 (€) Year 3 (€) Description Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Director of Partnerships Tel: +55.21-81112108 Personnel 80000 110000 80000 Personnel 93% 10% 0% Tel: +55.21-22621704 expenses expenses E-mail: Transportation 40000 30000 30000 Transportation 45% 0% 0% and travel and travel firstname.lastname@example.org Commissioned 40000 60000 60000 Commissioned 25% 0% 0% work work 2. Daniele Cesano Supplies and 125000 70000 40000 Supplies and 0% 0% 0% Director of Technology equipments equipments Development Meetings 45000 40000 30000 Meetings 30% 83% 0% Tel: +55.21-86589828 Other 50000 50000 50000 Other 80% 40% 0% Tel: +55.21-22621704 expenses expenses E-mail: daniele. Total 380,000 360,000 290,000 Total 51% 18% 0% email@example.com Objective: To adapt rural communities of the semi-arid region of Brazil to climate change by: 1. Promoting food security. The project aims to secure food to several families by disseminating small scale irrigation systems through micro-finance; 2. Eco-system restoration. The project helps restoring ecosystems by decreasing pasture land and producing high value products such as juices and jelly from native plants 3. Sustainable livelihood. The project aims to develop a sustainable and replicable model to improve the livelihood of areas where agriculture and pasture is the main economic activity. Key drivers: Technological Innovations, Partnerships and Process-Oriented Approach The project uses several technological innovations in a process-oriented approach that is based on: a) the creation of public-private partnerships; and b) the development of local capacity. Outcome: Replicable Model Development of a replicable model that promotes rural development in areas that are affected by climate change. Keywords: Technological innovations; leadership development; process-oriented approach; partnership creation; learning by doing; sustainability. The past (2006-2008) The present (2008-2010) The project was first developed in the municipality of Pintadas, Bahia, and The project is today in its most challenging stage: the scaling up. was conceived as a pilot project of the SouthSouthNorth (SSN) Despite the initial piloting phase has shown that the Collaborative to show that it is possible to improve the agricultural yield of technological systems are financially feasible and sustainable, it local crops grown in the semi-arid region of northeaster Brazil if small is still necessary to refine the technology, develop capacity, farmers (women and man) have access to a complete toolkit consisting of provide technical assistance and create a solid platform to efficient irrigation systems, water pumping technologies, fertilizers and ensure self-replication. This can be achieved only by creating adequate technical assistance for local community empowerment. Moreover, solid partnerships between different organizations: research as droughts are likely to increase in intensity due to climate change, the centers, government entities, civil society and the private sector. project aimed to shown also how small farmers living in dry areas could possibly adapt to climate change impacts. In 2008, Pintadas Solar was one of the 5 projects that was selected from close to 400 applications from over 100 countries Between 2006 and 2008, seven (7) pilot projects have been worldwide to win the SEED Award (www.seedinit.org). The implemented using different technologies (drip irrigation, organoponia, solar SEED Initiative is a “global network for action on sustainable water pumping, and diesel pumping) through funding provided by Cariplo development partnerships, founded by IUCN, UNDP and UNEP, Foundation (Italy) and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands that to deliver concrete progress towards the internationally-agreed, sponsored SSN Initial results showed a payback of 1,5 to 6 years. This initial aspirational goals in the UN’s Millennium Declaration and the stage has also tested the way in which a much larger municipal or regional commitments made at the World Summit on Sustainable program could eventually unfold. Pilot partnerships between the project Development in Johannesburg in 2002". The Pintadas Solar developers, local farmers, the local municipality, technological providers, project will work together with the SEED Initiative to address the local organizations, universities and state agencies have shown to be the key points that will make the scaling up more sustainable and way forward to scale up the project and outreach several farmers through feasible. Funding for this phase is provided by UBA (Federal innovations that are truly sustainable. The project was developed with the Environmental Agency of Germany). It was also identified as one Association of Women of Pintadas. do the 2008 Best Practices of UN Habitat. Social Venture Partnership to Disseminate Climate Resilient Technologies in the Semi-Arid Region of Brazil: Project Proposal Fact Sheet The future (2010-onwards) Main outcome: • Development of a collaborative partnership between The future of the project is dependent on the result of the current on-going international organizations, micro-credit programs, phase. Ideally, the project shall take three parallel developments: technology providers, NGOs, research centres and local, regional and national public institutions. 1. Development of a Clearing House Mechanism (CHM) in partnership • Development of a Clearing House Mechanism to provide with different organizations to identify and develop best agricultural information to farmers as well as to policy makers and practices for climate change adaptation. The CHM will be a partnership research institutions on climate change adaptation strategies between key Brazilian and international institutions and public and private that are adequate for the Brazilian semi-arid organizations. Its objective is to establish a replication mechanism for best • Identification and testing of best agricultural practices that technological practices and an information platform oriented to different are resilient to local climatic changes and systematization of target groups that work with climate change adaptation in the semi-arid the experience in training modules region of Brazil. It will build capacity among local farmers on best adaptation practices to climate change, implement adaptation projects and provide • Creation of specific courses for different target groups information to research institutions and policy makers to design and related to the key issues that have been identified during the implement an adaptation strategy for the region. This experience aims to identification and systematization process serve as a reference model also for other semi-arid regions of the world. • Creation and articulation of local project teams that will provide presencial support complementary to the CHM 2. Launching a regional program to adapt local communities to climate whenever this is needed. These teams will help the change impacts. Through the CHM activities, the venture will be able to implementation of the best practices in several communities show to government agencies and international institutions the costs and the • Providing technical support to groups of farmers in the benefits of supporting an agricultural productive system based on closed- design and implementation of climate resiliant projects loop systems and the integration of water efficient irrigation, ecosystem • Mobilization of federal and state government institutions to restoration and clean energy technologies. Such productive system will be build capacity in the region on the best practices that have disseminated through a public-private partnership between technological been identified and implemented providers, micro-credit institutions, international organizations and • Development of an information platform to promote access local/regional public institutions. to relevant data and information for assessing regional and local climate change impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation 3. Development of an agricultural system that integrates food and options energy production while promoting local economic development. The • Development of specific micro-.credit systems in partnership achievement of the two points mentioned above will promote a new with local, national and international institutions to development paradigm based on the concepts of “self-sufficiency”, “local disseminate some of the technology-based initiatives economic growth” and “closed-loop agricultural systems”. Depending on the result of any of these three activities, the project could be replicated also in • Creation of a permanent learning environment with a shared vision and commitment of all partners involved other areas of Brazil, Latin America or of the world. Example During the first phase (2006-2008), the project managed to identify two technologies that serve the needs of local farmers: drip irrigation and organoponia. Since 1960’s, the Brazilian government and international institutions have constructed a large number of artificial surface water reservoirs (barreiros) in the region to increase water supply. Although many of these barreiros could be used for small scale irrigation systems of up to 10 hectares, just a minority (2%) of them is utilized today for this purpose because farmers do not have access to modern irrigation technologies. The project has trained local farmers in the design and implementation of such systems. The payback is in the order of 1,5 to 6 years depending on the type of pumping that is used. • Drip irrigation system, 1 Ha: 4500 $ (irrigation equipment: 3000 $; conventional water pump: 1500 $). Income: 700-3000 $/month • 2 Drip irrigation, kit of 500 m : 1250 $ (irrigation equipments: 350 $; PV solar pump: 900 $). Income: 40-300 $/month. • 2 Organoponic system, 75 m : about 3500 $. Production: 900 units of lettuce per month. Income: 150-300 $/month. Figure 1. Drip irrigation and organoponic system in Pintadas, Bahia, where the project was initially implemented.
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