Stage 4 Prostate Cancer by anamaulida


									The origin of prostate cancer is the prostate gland but if not detected
right away or not treated immediately it will affect the various organs
nearby like the rectum, testicles and others in first three stages.
However, when the cancer cells scatter to several organs like the liver,
lungs, or bones then it is already known as stage 4 prostate cancer or
metastatic. Medical treatment requires various therapies that need to be
administered aggressively, at least to stop the rapid growth of cancer if
not to treat it and to ease the pain.

Treatment for stage 4 prostate cancer

When a patient had reached stage lV prostate cancer and passed the other
three stages then he should had tried operation, radiation, chemotherapy
and others but unsuccessful. In this instance, therapies like Androgen
Deprivation Therapy or ADT tries to shrink to prostate gland and slows
down the development of cancer. However, this medication is controversial
because of different opinions of some doctors; they claim it does not
cure but just a way to delay the rapid growth of cancer cells.

To boost chances successfully, secondary hormone medication can be tried
through the change of hormone suppressors that had been tried before.
Patients can also go for aggressive chemotherapy in desperate move to
ruin cancerous cells that had spread to several organs. Chemotherapy
includes medicines that can lessen the pain and anxiety, specifically in
patients that have no chance of coming back.

For patients who has no response to some therapies, doctors might advice
them to partake some clinical trials wherein new treatments or medicines
can be tried to them. It could be the last chance of patients to fight
the ailment and could aid the researchers to complete the treatment that
can be used in future patients who suffer from stage lV prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer diagnosed as stage IV is hard to treat, although several
patients can stay for more years with positive medication.

There are two categories of Stage 4 disease which depends on the extent
of the tumor:

Stage IV or D1 - The tumor had scattered to pelvic lymph nodes otherwise
had obstructed the ureters.
Stage IV or D2 - Tumor scattered (metastasis) to lymph nodes outer the
pelvic area, involvement of bone, or scattered to far portions inside the

Medications for Localize Stage IV (D1 Prostatic Cancer)

When the tumor has entered near organs, like to the rectum otherwise
bladder, or scattered to lymph node in the pelvic region, surgical
procedure is not helpful. The combination of the external beam radiations
therapy or the EBRT with the hormone therapy is highly recommended for
treatment. Male hormones that are needed for prostate tumor to grow are
removed by hormone therapy. Hormone therapy with radiation therapy is
sometimes given together if the tumor is localized.

Medications for Metastatis Stage 4 (D2 Prostatic Cancer)

Prostate cancer which scattered to far organ and bones can be treated but
cannot be cured with the present standard therapies. Metastatic prostate
cancer has been treated by hormonal therapy for many years. Metatatic
cancers can be stopped by hormonal therapy for some time.

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