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Subpart D Walking – Working Surfaces

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Subpart D Walking – Working Surfaces Powered By Docstoc
					     Subpart D
 Proposed Standard


 Walking & Working Surfaces
        Presented By
         Bill Cooper
Safety Compliance Supervisor
        Subpart D
Walking – Working Surfaces

1910.21 Scope Application and Definitions
1910.22 General Requirements
1910.23 Ladders
1910.24 Step Bolts and Manhole Steps
1910.25 Stairways
1910.26 Dockboards (Bridge Plates)
1910.27 Scaffolds
1910.28 Duty To have Fall Protection
1910.29 Fall Protection Systems Criteria and Practices
1910.30 Training Requirements
           Subpart D
   Walking – Working Surface

Fall Hazard at work.
                   Subpart D
   Scope and Application, This subpart covers all
    walking and working surfaces that are used by
    employees in General Industry.

   This subpart does not apply to surfaces that are
    an integral part of a self-propelled, motorized
    mobile equipment, other than platforms hoisted
    or lifted by a powered industrial truck.
                  Subpart D


   This subpart does not apply to powered exterior
    building maintenance platforms.

   This subpart does not cover fall hazards from
    exposed perimeters of entertainment stage, rail
    station platforms.
              Subpart D
         General Requirements

 The surface conditions in all places of
  employment, passageways, storerooms and
  service rooms shall be clean, orderly and
  sanitary.
 The floors shall be maintained in a clean and dry
  condition. Where wet processes are used,
  drainage shall be maintained and false floors.
  Where freestanding water exists platforms or
  mats shall be used.
               Subpart D
          General Requirements

   Employers must ensure that all surfaces are
    designed, constructed and maintained to
    support the maximum load intended.

   Surface shall not be loaded    beyond the
    maximum intended load.
                Subpart D
           General Requirements

   The employer shall ensure through regular and
    periodic inspections and maintenance that the
    walking and working surface are in a safe
    condition for employee use.

   A qualified person must perform or supervise the
    maintenance or repair of that surface.
               Subpart D
     Step Bolts and Manhole Steps

   All step bolts in a corrosive environment must be
    constructed of, or coated with material that will
    retard corrosion of the bolt step.

   Step bolts must be design to prevent the
    employee’s foot from slipping or sliding off the
    end of the step bolt.
               Subpart D
     Step Bolts and Manhole Steps

   Step Bolts must be capable of withstanding at
    least four times the maximum intended load.

   Step bolts must be visually inspected before
    each use.

   Step bolts that are bent more than 15 degrees
    must be removed and replaced.
               Subpart D
     Step Bolts and Manhole Steps
   Manhole steps must be capable of supporting
    the maximum intended load.

   Manhole steps must be provided with slip
    resistant surfaces such as corrugated, knurled,
    or dimpled surfaces.

   Manhole steps must be coated with a material to
    retard corrosion if used in corrosive
    environment.
              Subpart D
       Dockboards (Bridge Plates)

   Portable and powered dockboards must be
    capable of supporting their maximum intended
    load.

   Dockboards must be designed to prevent
    equipment from running off the edge.

   Portable dockboards must be secured into
    position by anchoring or equipping them with a
    device to prevent slipping.
          Subpart D
   Dockboards (Bridge Plates)

 Vehicles  onto which a dockboard has
 been placed must be prevented from
 moving. (i.e. wheel chocks)

 Portabledockboards must be provided
 with handholds or other means to ensure
 safe handling.
             Subpart D
    Duty To Have Fall Protection

   Again this section does not apply to fall hazards
    created by the exposed perimeter of
    entertainment stages or rail station platforms.
    Additionally the section does not apply to
    powered platforms coved under 1910.66 aerial
    lifts covered by 1910.67, electric power
    generation, transmission and distribution work
    covered by 1910.269
             Subpart D
    Duty To Have Fall Protection
   The employer must ensure that all walking –
    working surfaces for employee’s have the
    strength and structural integrity to support them
    safely.

   Employee’s working on a walking – working
    surface with an unprotected side or edge 4’
    above a lower level must be protected from
    falling.
             Subpart D
    Duty To Have Fall Protection


   Employee’s on a walking – working surface 4’ or
    more above a lower level must be protected
    from falling by the use of guardrail system,
    safety net system or a personal fall arrest
    system.
             Subpart D
    Duty To Have Fall Protection
   When the employer can demonstrate that the
    use of guardrails are infeasible on the ”working
    side” used in slaughtering facilities or loading
    racks, loading docks or teeming platforms.

   The employer can limit the access to the
    platform only to Authorized employees who have
    been trained in accordance with 1910.30.
                  Subpart D
                  Hoist Areas

   Employees working in hoisting areas 4’ or more
    above lower levels must be protected by the use
    a guardrail system, personal fall arrest system or
    a restraint system.

   If an employee is exposed to a fall hazard of 4’
    or more where the guardrail system has been
    removed, they must be protected with a personal
    fall arrest system.
                   Subpart D
                     Holes

   Each employee on a walking – working surface
    with floors holes (including skylights) 4’ or more
    above a lower surface must be protected from a
    fall hazard.

   Employee’s must be protected from objects
    falling through overhead holes by covers.
                 Subpart D
                   Holes


   Employee’s must be protected from stepping
    into or tripping in floor holes.
                  Subpart D
                  Runways
   Employee’s on a runway or a similar walkway
    must be protected from falling 4’ or more above
    lower levels by guardrails.

   Runways used exclusively for special purposes
    may have railing omitted on one side when the
    employer can demonstrate that the operating
    conditions    necessitate    such     omission.
    Employees must have fall protection provided.
              Subpart D
         Dangerous Equipment


   Each employee less than 4’ above dangerous
    equipment must be protected from falling into or
    onto the equipment by the use of a guardrail
    system or travel restraint system.
                Subpart D
               Wall Openings

   Each employee working at, on, above or near
    wall openings ( including those with chutes
    attached ) were the outside bottom edge is 4’ or
    more above lower levels and the inside bottom
    edge is less than 39” above the walking –
    working surface must be protected.
           Subpart D
 Repair, Service, and Assembly
 Repair, service and assembly pits less than 10’
  deep need not be protected by a guardrail
  system provided that the following requirements
  are meet.
 Access within 6’ of the edge to the maintenance
  pit limited to trained and authorized employee’s.
 The floor marked with colors contrasting to that
  of the surrounding areas, or rope, wire or chain
  with support stanchions or a combination of the
  above are placed at least 6’ from the edge of the
  pit.
              Subpart D
    Repair, Service and Assembly
   Caution signs stating “Caution Open Floor” or a
    similar legend is posted.

   The sign must be readily available to all
    employee’s who enter the maintenance pit.

   Signs posted must also comply with 1910.145.
         Subpart D
Outdoor Advertising (Billboards)
   Each employee who climbs a fixed ladder up to
    50’ or heights up to 65’ from grade wears a body
    belt or body harness equipped with an
    appropriate 18” rest lanyard as a means to tie off
    to the fixed ladder.

   Each employee who climbs a fixed ladder up to
    50’ and exceeds 65’ from grade must be
    protected with a ladder safety system for the
    entire length of the climb.
         Subpart D
Outdoor Advertising (Billboards)

   All ladder safety systems must have procedures
    for inspection and maintenance.

   Employee’s must undergo training and
    demonstrate the physical capabilities to perform
    the necessary climb safely.

   Each employee must satisfy the qualified climber
    criteria.
         Subpart D
Outdoor Advertising (Billboards)


   Each employee must be protected from falling to
    lower level once they access the walking –
    working surface.

   All stairways having 4 or more risers or 3 treads
    must be equipped with stair or handrails.
               Subpart D
        Training Requirements
   Each employee must be trained by a qualified
    person.

   The employee must be trained in the following
    areas.

   Each employee must be trained on the hazards
    associated with working 4’ or more above a
    lower level and the fall protection systems
    utilized.
                Subpart D
         Training Requirements
   The correct procedures for erecting, maintaining,
    disassembling and inspecting the fall protection
    systems to be used.

   Any changes the areas where fall protection is
    needed and new fall protection systems to be
    used.

   Retrain employees who violate policies set forth
    or through observation of use.
Subpart D

				
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