Poetry

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					Genre

Genre-A category of literature

Genre-A way in which text can be categorized

Genre-Patterns in the way language is used

Genre-Patterns in the features of text-its
 language, format, structure, and content
Genre
“Genre is originally a French word meaning "kind", "sort" or "type"; in grammatical terminology, it
           refers to the artificial concept of masculine or feminine grammatical gender (the noun
           "genre" itself belongs to the masculine gender in French, for example).
In general there are three types of genre:
Those of setting, such as westerns or science fiction;
Those of mood, such as comedy or horror;
Those of format, such as musicals or non-fiction.
In art forms such as music, painting, and sculpture, genre tends to be determined by format and
           style.
Genres are often divided into sub-genres. In literature, for instance, can be organized according to
           the "poetic genres" and the "prose genres". Poetry might be subdivided into epic, lyric, and
           dramatic, while prose might be subdivided into fiction and non-fiction. Further subdivisions of
           dramatic poetry, for instance, might include comedy, tragedy, melodrama, and so forth. This
           parsing into subgenres can continue: "comedy" has its own genres, for example, including
           farce, comedy of manners, burlesque, and satire. Genres are often divided into sub-genres.
 In literature, for instance, can be organized according to the "poetic genres" and the "prose genres".
           Poetry might be subdivided into epic, lyric, and dramatic, while prose might be subdivided
           into fiction and non-fiction. Further subdivisions of dramatic poetry, for instance, might
           include comedy, tragedy, melodrama, and so forth. This parsing into subgenres can
           continue: "comedy" has its own genres, for example, including farce, comedy of manners,
           burlesque, and satire” (Wikipedia)
Genres At Home and At
School
How are the genres used at school
  different than those used at home?

How might this information help us
  improve our language arts
  instruction?
Genres at Home and at
School
“Rather than decrying the absence of
  literacy activities or of particular genres
  in their students’ home settings, all
  these teachers attempted to build on the
  literacy strengths and genre knowledge
  children brought from home. For these
  teachers, genre proved to be one
  important means of bridging the known
  to the new” (Duke & Gates, The Reading
  Teacher, 9/03).
Genres of Stories

 Folk Literature
 Fantasies

 Realistic Fiction



We consider plot, characters, setting,
 and theme.
Genres of Informational
Books
   Books about letters and numbers
   Biographies
   Combination Books

We consider expository text structures and
 descriptions, sequence, comparisons,
 cause and effect relationships, and
 problems and solutions.
Poetry

   Types of Poetry Books

We consider a variety of poetry forms-
-rhymed verse
-narrative poems
-haiku and related forms
-free verse
-found poems
-other poetic forms
Harlem, Harlem

What do you think?
Who would like to begin?

How would you use this book?
How might you have children respond to
  this book? (See Chapter 13)
Poetry

Poetry is an underused
 genre in elementary
 school
Plays are truly neglected
       Poetry
   “Poetry is the expression of ideas and
    feelings through a rhythmical
    composition of imaginative and
    beautiful words selected for their
    sonorous effects.”
   The musicality of poetry makes it
    especially suitable to read aloud or be
    put to music.
Poetry

   Begins with nursery rhymes with children
   Poetry related to any subject can be shared
    orally daily
   Verse (Mother Goose rhymes) and jingles
    differ from poetry in that the language is light
    and often silly with strong rhyme and rhythm
   Poetry has a higher quality of language and
    evokes new insights and fresh views on life’s
    experiences.
   Poetry touches our hearts and minds through
    drawing on our five senses
Types of Poetry Books

 Mother Goose and Nursery Rhyme
  Books
 Nursery and Folk Songbooks

 Anthologies of Poetry

 Specialized Poetry Books

 Single Illustrated Narrative Poems

             (pp. 45-46)
Elements of Poetry

   Meaning-underlying idea, feeling, or mood
    expressed through the poem
   Rhythm-beat or regular cadence of the
    poem used to communicate
       Fast (through short lines, clipped syllables,
        high sharp vowel sounds (a,e,i) and abrupt
        consonant sounds (k, t, w, and p)
       Slow (through longer lines, multisyllabic
        words, full or low vowel sounds and
        resonating consonants (m, n, r) (See pp46-
        47)
Elements of Poetry

   Sound patterns-repeated sounds and
    combinations of sounds and words
       Rhyme
       Assonance (same vowel sound as in they,
        flay, stray, obey)
       Alliteration-repeated initial consonant sounds
       Consonance-similar consonant sounds
        repeated (flake, chuck, stroke)
       Onomatopoeia-sound of the word resemble
        the real-world sound (hiss)
Elements of Poetry

 -Figurative language-comparing or
 contrasting one thing with another
     -simile-direct comparison using like or
 as
     -metaphor-implied comparison without a
 signal to evoke the similarity
     -personification-attributing human
 qualities to animate, non-human objects
     -hyperbole-exaggeration to highlight or
 point out ridiculousness
Elements of Poetry

 Sense imagery-using words to play on
   one of the five senses
Teaching Poetry

 Avoid over analysis of poetry or its
  elements
 Select it well
 Read it aloud well
 Share it often with love and
  enthusiasm
 Guidelines (pp. 69-74)
 Practice with poetry selections now
Selecting Poetry

   Criteria (p. 61-62)
Historical Overview

 Where did “Mother Goose” come
  from?
 What was the purpose and theme of
  poetry prior to nineteenth century?
 What was the theme of poetry in the
  1960’s and 70’s?
Types of Poetry by Purpose:
Lyric and Narrative
 Lyric poetry-captures a moment, a
  feeling or a scene and is descriptive in
  nature
 Narrative poetry-tells a story or
  includes a sequence of events
Types of Poetry by Poetic
Form: Couplets, Tercets,
Quatrains, and Cinquains
 Couplets-two lines
 Tercets-three lines

 Quatrains-four lines

 Cinquains-five lines



   These forms can also be mixed in a
    poem
Other Forms of Poetry

 Ballad
 Haiku

 Free verse

 Concrete poetry
The Poetry Booktalk
   Look carefully at the points in the PP and in the text
   Specifically address these
   Tell what type of poetry book it is and what type of
    poetry it is
   Tell why it is that type
   When describing what the poem is about-talk about
    the idea, feeling or mood expressed in the poem
   When talking about the rhythm, tell how the fast or
    slow rhythm was created
   Look for sound patterns, figurative language, and
    sense imagry
   Use the Skyscraper Model to frame questions around
    Bloom’s Taxonomy

				
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