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									Selected Issues on Citizenship and Immigration Law:
     Unauthorized Practice of Law
               Wednesday June 29, 2011
               1:30 p.m. – 2:30 p.m. EST
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Patricia Wonder
Instructor,
CUNY School of Professional Studies
 Our Panel of Presenters


              Thomas J. Shea,
 Director of Training and Technical Assistance,
    New York Immigration Coalition (NYIC)



                 Daysi Mejia,
             Attorney-in-Charge ,
Manhattan District Attorney‟s Office‟s Immigrant
                Affairs Program
www.cuny.edu/citizenshipnow




      www.sps.cuny.edu
Immigration Law Studies Advanced Graduate
            Certificate Program

        Courses
        • Introduction to Immigration Law
        • Business Immigration Law
        • Family-Based Immigration Law
        • Proceedings in Immigration Court
        • Naturalization and Citizenship
CUNY Citizenship Now! Events



              The goal of Citizenship Now!
              events is to help eligible
              individuals prepare their
              forms N-400, Application for
              Naturalization. Most events
              are held on Saturdays.
CUNY Citizenship Now! Immigration Centers




                   CUNY Citizenship Now!
                   centers offer free immigration
                   services to all members of the
                   community- CUNY students
                   and non-students.
The Corps consists of volunteers who provide free
naturalization application assistance at Citizenship
          Now! Events in New York City.
      Volunteer with the
CUNY/NYC Citizenship Now! Corps




   Complete a registration form at
www.cuny.edu/citizenshipnow/volunteer
              Immigrant Affairs Program


                       Mission:
Daysi Mejia
                       • The Immigrant Affairs Program (IAP)
                         was created to address the victimization
                         of immigrants. Immigrants seeking
                         residency or citizenship are often preyed
                         upon by criminals who steal from them
                         by employing a variety of fraudulent
                         scams.
                         – IAP does not report the victims or
                           witnesses to the federal
                           immigrant enforcement
                           authorities.
              How Does the Program Work?

                   • Complaints can be made in several forms:
                     – IAP hotline: (212) 335-3600.
Daysi Mejia
                     – Visiting IAP‟s office.
                     – Sending IAP a letter.
                   • Each complaint is evaluated and when
                     appropriate, the complaint will be assigned to an
                     Assistant District Attorney who will investigate and
                     or prosecute the case.
                   • You can report a crime to IAP regardless of your
                     immigration status.
                   • IAP has access to court certified interpreters.
              Statistics



Daysi Mejia




                Since the Program was created in
                    December of 2007, it has
                processed about 1900 complaints.
              The Most Common Fraud/Scam



Daysi Mejia




                     #1 Scam: 50% of the fraud that is reported
                     • Individuals or immigration service providers,
                       who represent themselves to be attorneys or
                       who provide legal advice when they are not
                       licensed attorneys or accredited by the Board of
                       Immigration Appeals (BIA).
              The Law

              WHO IS AUTHORIZED TO PROVIDE
              IMMIGRATION LEGAL SERVICES?
Daysi Mejia   • Only a licensed attorney (licensed in any
                state of the United States) or an
                individual who is accredited by the BIA
                and who works for an organization that
                is recognized by the BIA can represent
                an immigrant for payment in connection
                with an immigration matter or court
                case.
                – Non lawyers and non-accredited
                  individuals who work for a nominal fee
                  can only provide clerical assistance.
          Poll Question



Generally, who is authorized to provide
     immigration legal services?
              What is Clerical Assistance?

                       Non-lawyers and non-accredited individuals
                       may:
Daysi Mejia
                       • Translate.
                       • Notarize (if authorized).
                       • Make copies.
                       • Transcribe – client tells provider what to
                         write in the blank spaces on the form.
                       • Help obtain birth certificates..
                       • Make appointment for fingerprinting.
                       • Make free referrals to immigration lawyers,
                         BIA accredited organizations and other
                         resources.
              The Law in New York


                 In New York if you want to charge a Fee for
Daysi Mejia      providing clerical services, you must comply with:
                 1. Immigration Services Provider Law
                    a. New York State General Business Law (GBL).
                       Article 28-c, §§ 460-a – 460-j.
                    b. NYC Administrative Code (AC)
                       §§ 20-770 – 20-778.
                 Whether you provide services for FREE or charge a
                 FEE you must comply with:
                 2. Unauthorized Practice of the Law
                    a. Judiciary Law §478.
                      GBL § 460 & AC § 20-770

              Summary of Prohibited Conduct:

              • Providers cannot give legal advice or practice law.
Daysi Mejia
              • Federal regulations define “Representation” before the Service or the Board as
                “practice” and “preparation.” 8 CFR §§ 1.1(m); 1001.1(m).

              What is giving legal advice/practice of law?

              • “Practice” is defined as the “act or acts of any person appearing in any case,
                either in person or through the preparation or filing of any brief or other
                document, paper application, or petition on behalf of another person or client
                before the service…or the Board.” 8 CFR §§ 1.1(i); 100(i).

              • Preparation is defined as the “study of the facts of a case and the applicable
                laws, coupled with the giving of advice and auxiliary activities, including the
                incidental preparation of papers.” 8 CFR §§ 1.1(K); 1001.1(K).
    Examples of Practice of Law and/or Legal
                    Advice

                     Anything other then filling out a form as
Daysi Mejia          directed by a client MAY be the practice of law.
                       – Telling a client what form to fill out.
                       – Telling a client how to answer questions on
                         the form.
                       – Telling a client what immigration benefits
                         they may or may not qualify for.
                       – Telling a client what something on the form
                         means.
                       – Telling a client whether or not to file a
                         form/application.
                       – Speaking on behalf of a client during an
                         immigration interview.
                GBL § 460 and AC § 20-770

                                Summary of Prohibited Conduct:
              • No service provider can threaten to report a customer to immigration
Daysi Mejia     or other authorities, or to hurt the customer‟s legal status in any way.
              • No service provider can charge to refer someone to an attorney or
                agency.
              • No service provider can keep original documents.
              • No service provider may “use or advertise the title of lawyer, attorney
                at law or equivalent terms… or represent or advertise other titles or
                credentials, including but not limited to „Notary Public‟, „Accredited
                Representative of the Board of Immigration Appeals‟ or „Immigration
                Consultant‟ that could cause a customer to believe that the person
                possesses special professional skills or is authorized to provide advice
                on an immigration matter…”
               GBL § 460 and AC § 20-770



Daysi Mejia



                    Summary of Prohibited Conduct:
     “Notarios”, Immigration Consultants and Travel Agents are NOT
     authorized to offer legal services and may not represent someone
     before USCIS, the immigration courts or give legal advice.
     The use of the title “Immigration Consultant” for someone providing
     immigration services is prohibited under NYS and NYC law.
                  GBL § 460 and AC § 20-770


                                      Requirements
Daysi Mejia

  Contracts:                                      Documentation Retention:
  • An Immigration Service provider must          • Every provider must keep copies of all
    provide a written contract in English and a     customer‟s documents for three years,
    language understood by the customer.            and must return them upon request.
  • The contract may be canceled within three     Surety Bond:
    business days without fee or penalty.
                                                  • Every Provider must also maintain a
  Signs:                                            $50,000 surety bond for NYS and
                                                    $50,000 for NYC. Thus, if you are
  • Every provider must post legible signs,         providing services to anyone in NYC
    stipulating that they are not a licensed        you must have a $100,000 bond.
    attorney and may not give legal advice.
              Judiciary Law § 478
                 The unauthorized practice of law:
                 A person not admitted to the Bar of the State of NY and
                 who has not taken the constitutional oath may not:
Daysi Mejia
                   a. practice law (giving of legal advice and preparation
                      of legal documents).
                   b. appear in court as an attorney (for a person other
                      then himself).
                   c. furnish attorneys or counsel to render legal
                      services.
                   d. hold himself out to the public as being entitled to
                      practice law in any manner and may not use or
                      advertise the title of lawyer, attorney and
                      counselor at law or advertise that either alone or
                      with other people has, owns, conducts or
                      maintains a law office.
         Poll Question



In the State of New York, immigration
  service providers can only provide:
              Why is it Important?

                    Why is it important to hire a licensed
                    attorney or an accredited individual within
                    a recognized organization to do
Daysi Mejia
                    immigration legal work?
                      – The consequences of filing for an
                        immigration benefit that the immigrant does
                        not qualify for can be deportation; therefore,
                        it is important to hire a person who has the
                        right training and skills.
                      – Someone who is licensed is also subject to
                        discipline or could even lose their license for
                        any ethical violations or for other kinds of
                        wrongdoing. Immigrants can file complaints
                        with disciplinary committees.
              Crime Prevention: Tips



Daysi Mejia
                      When seeking immigration services:
                      1. Obtain the full name, address and telephone
                         numbers of the person being hired.
                            If you are scammed or wronged, having
                             the person‟s full name and contact
                             information will make it much easier to
                             investigate and locate the person.
                            Be careful - most scammers do not want
                             to give a full name because they know
                             that information can be used to tie them
                             to the crime.
              Crime Prevention: Tips

                     When seeking immigration services:
                     2. Make sure the person hired is qualified to handle
                        immigration matters. Consider asking the
Daysi Mejia
                        following questions:
                        • Ask the person what his/her credentials are
                          and specifically ask the following:
                        • In what state are you licensed or accredited?
                        • Since when?
                        • How many years of experience do you have in
                          the field?
                     3. Confirm whether the person is licensed or BIA
                        accredited.
                        • To learn how to confirm whether an individual
                          is a licensed attorney or accredited by the BIA
                          see the Immigrant Affairs Program Brochure.
                          Questions



Daysi Mejia
              All victims are strongly encouraged to
                    contact the Immigrant Affairs
                             Program at
                           212-335-3600
                http://manhattanda.org/victimservices/
                         immigrantaffairs.shtml

              “Working together we can seek justice”
              Immigration Fraud Resources
                 Outside of New York

Daysi Mejia



                       • American Bar Association
                         Commission on Immigration

                        http://www.americanbar.org/groups/public
                        _services/immigration/projects_initiatives/
                        fightnotariofraud.html
What BIA Recognition
and Accreditation Are
              What is the BIA?



Thomas Shea           • Board of Immigration Appeals.
                      • Appeals court for immigration court
                        cases.
                      • Part of the Executive Office for
                        Immigration Review (EOIR).
                      • EOIR is part of the Department of
                        Justice.
                      • Also in charge of granting agency
                        recognition and individual
                        accreditation.
         R&A Allow Non-lawyers to Practice
                 Immigration Law

Thomas Shea              • Recognition is for the nonprofit
                           agency.
                         • Accreditation is for the specific
                           individual staff members who will be
                           doing the immigration work.
                         • Accredited Representatives may then
                           practice immigration law just as an
                           attorney would before.
                           − the DHS.
                           − or the DHS and EOIR.
         Extent of Law Practice by BIA Reps



Thomas Shea




                     • Accredited rep may practice immigration
                       law ONLY at the recognized agency that
                       applied for her/his accreditation.
                     • Accredited rep may ONLY do immigration
                       work under the auspices of that
                       recognized agency, at the site that applied
                       for the accreditation.
              What is “Recognition”?



Thomas Shea


                           • BIA grants “recognition” only
                             to non-profit agencies.
                           • Agency must have recognition
                             in order for agency staff to be
                             accredited.
                           • Only recognized non-profits
                             may apply for staff members
                             to become accredited.
              Criteria for Recognition

                            Must show that agency is:
Thomas Shea                 • Non-profit religious, charitable,
                              or social service agency.
                            • That agency charges only
                              “nominal” fees.
                            • That agency has knowledge of,
                              and experience with,
                              immigration law, including
                              maintaining an immigration
                              resource library.
                            • 8 CFR § 292.2(a) and
                              §1292.2(a).
              Duration of Recognition



Thomas Shea


                         • Lasts indefinitely.
                         • No renewal necessary.
                         • If agency changes names, need to
                           let BIA know so they can update
                           the roster of recognized agencies,
                           which is available at.
                         • http://www.justice.gov/eoir.
              Recognition is Site Specific



Thomas Shea



                               If your agency has more than
                               one physical site, and you
                               would like to offer immigration
                               legal services at more than one
                               site, each site needs to apply
                               separately for recognition, even
                               though the sites are part of the
                               same overall agency.
                     Accreditation Rules



Thomas Shea   • Rules are laid out at 8 CFR § 292.2(d) and §1292.2(d).
              • For individual staff members working at a recognized
                agency.
              • Agency applies on behalf of staff members.
              • Specific to agency – if Anna is accredited at Agency A and
                then leaves to work at Agency B, she would no longer be
                accredited and Agency B would have to re-apply for her
                (provided Agency B was also a recognized agency).
              • Accredited reps may be part-time workers, and may be
                consultants or volunteers.
              Two Levels of Accreditation



Thomas Shea

                          • “Partial” accreditation allows practice
                            before the DHS only. May do
                            everything an attorney would do at
                            DHS (while working for the
                            recognized agency).
                          • “Full” accreditation allows practice
                            before DHS and EOIR (Immigration
                            Court and BIA) while working for the
                            recognized agency.
              Duration of Accreditation


                       • Lasts for three years.
Thomas Shea
                       • Must be renewed by application every three
                         years; must apply for renewal at least 60
                         days before accreditation expires; then you
                         will be allowed to continue practicing even if
                         the BIA does not respond before expiration
                         date.
                       • Accredited rep must continue to attend
                         trainings after accreditation, in order for
                         accreditation to be renewed.
                       • Specific to the agency – not transferable to
                         another agency.
So Only Accredited Reps can do Immigration
           Work at my Agency?

Thomas Shea

                   • If agency has accredited reps, other
                     staff may work with them on
                     immigration matters.
                   • Accredited rep must supervise the
                     non-accredited staff, and only
                     accredited rep may sign G-28s and
                     accompany clients to interviews.
                   • Non-accredited staff would be like
                     paralegals.
How to Apply for Recognition
     and Accreditation
         The nuts and bolts
              Criteria for Recognition



Thomas Shea

                     • 8 CFR §§292.2 (a) and (b) & 1292.2(a) &
                       (b).
                     • Non-profit religious, charitable, or social
                       services agency.
                     • Charges only “nominal” fees.
                     • Knowledge of and experience with
                       immigration law, including maintaining an
                       immigration resources library.
              Recognition



Thomas Shea
                     • There is no specific application
                       form beyond the form EOIR-
                       31, a one-page form available
                       at http://www.justice.gov/eoir.
                     • Federal regulations (8 CFR §
                       292.2), BIA case law, and
                       instructions to EOIR-31
                       indicate what kinds of
                       documents need to be sent to
                       satisfy each element of the
                       recognition requirements.
              How to Show: Non-profit Status



Thomas Shea


                            • Certificate of incorporation as
                              non-profit.
                            • By-laws.
                            • 501(c) status letter.
                            • Indicate on form EOIR-31 whether
                              agency is “religious, charitable, or
                              social services” (or 2 or more of
                              those).
              How to Show: “Nominal” fees


                         • No definition specifically, although if fees
Thomas Shea
                           will provide more than 50% of the
                           funding for your immigration program,
                           recognition will be denied.
                         • American Paralegal Academy, 19 I&N Dec.
                           386 (1986).
                         • Look at what currently recognized
                           agencies in your area are charging.
                         • What to submit: list of fees (“Fee
                           schedule”) and list of total funding for
                           your agency in current year.
              What to Submit: Fee Schedule



Thomas Shea              • List of fees for each service you plan to
                           provide.
                         • Required part of recognition application.
                         • “No one will be denied services
                           based on an inability to pay” – BIA
                           really likes to see this on your fee
                           schedule.
                           – Have a written fee reduction/waiver
                             policy?
                           – Have a written sliding fee policy?
What to Submit: Statement of Agency Funding



Thomas Shea


                   • Bare bones list of every source of
                     funding the agency gets for the year.
                   • For each source, list total amount
                     agency receives per year.
                   • Include estimation of how much you
                     expect immigration program would
                     bring in per year.
         How to Show: “Adequate Knowledge,
           Information, and Experience of
                 Immigration Law”

Thomas Shea
                       • Include immigration resume of each staff
                         member applying for accreditation.
                       • Library resources.
                       • Mention any connections agency has with
                         immigration attorneys and/or BIA reps outside
                         the agency (NOTE that this is NOT mandatory
                         for recognition unless you do not have an
                         attorney or a fully accredited rep on staff and
                         you are applying for partial accreditation for a
                         staff person).
                         – “access to additional expertise”.
         Poll Question


            True or False:
When applying for BIA recognition, you
must have an immigration attorney on
   staff. Choose the best answer.
              Library Resources

               Immigration library must have:

Thomas Shea    • Current copy of the Immigration and Nationality
                 Act (updated every year to reflect new laws).
               • Current copy of volume 8 of the Code of Federal
                 Regulations (known as 8 CFR), also updated
                 annually.
               • Internet access
                 – USCIS, USICE, USCBP, USDOS, EOIR, etc.
               • NOTE that the INA and 8 CFR are available free
                 on the internet, at www.uscis.gov.
              Library Resources



Thomas Shea


               STRONGLY recommended:
               • General overview of immigration law like
                 Kurzban‟s Immigration Law Sourcebook.
               • Other books on specific immigration topics (like
                 family immigration, naturalization, asylum) as
                 needed by your program.
               • Membership in professional associations.
Recognition Application
       What to include
              What to Include



Thomas Shea
                • EOIR-31
                • Cover letter
                • Proof of non-profit status
                • List of immigration resource materials
                • Fee schedule
                • List of funding sources
                • Organizational chart, showing supervision of
                  immigration staff
                • Letters of support
              EOIR-31



Thomas Shea




              • This one-page form is available online at
                http://www.usdoj.gov/eoir/formslist.html.
              • Basically asks for name and address of
                agency.
              • Takes about 5 minutes to fill out.
         Cover Letter From Agency Director



Thomas Shea

                   • Introduce agency and the great work it does
                     for immigrants.
                   • Ask for recognition.
                   • Explain how the agency meets the recognition
                     criteria.
                   • Introduce staff who are applying for
                     accreditation, and explain how they meet the
                     criteria for accreditation.
              Proof of Non-profit Status



Thomas Shea




                           • Certificate of incorporation.
                           • By-laws.
                           • (501)(c)(3) letter.
     List of Immigration Resource Materials



Thomas Shea



                 • Immigration and Nationality Act.
                 • 8 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).
                 • Internet access.
                 • Materials from immigration trainings.
                 • Any other immigration resource materials.
              Fee Schedule



Thomas Shea




               • List of immigration services the agency
                 plans to provide.
               • Specific fee listed for each service.
               • “No one will be denied services based on
                 an inability to pay”.
              List of Funding Sources



Thomas Shea


                         • Bare-bones list of all sources,
                           public and private, of agency‟s
                           funding for the current year.
                         • List total amount agency expects
                           from each source per year.
                         • Include estimate of how much
                           agency will bring in from
                           immigration fees.
              Organizational Chart



Thomas Shea



                        • Chart of agency personnel,
                          showing which positions
                          supervise other positions.
                        • Should indicate who will
                          supervise the immigration
                          staff.
       Letters of Support/Recommendation



Thomas Shea
                  • From other local agencies that know your
                    agency‟s work and can attest to the good
                    work you do and the importance of your
                    being able to offer immigration legal
                    services in your community.
                  • From outside immigration attorney, if
                    agency has relationship with one (NOTE:
                    this is NOT REQUIRED if already retained an
                    immigration attorney or have a fully
                    accredited rep on staff).
     Nice Articles About the Agency and the
                Great Work it does

Thomas Shea




                    • If you have any, include some.
                    • NOT mandatory to submit.
Where to Mail Original Recognition Application


                  • Mail originals to the BIA at this address:
Thomas Shea
                    Recognition and Accreditation Program
                    Coordinator
                    Executive Office for Immigration Review
                    Board of Immigration Appeals
                    Clerk‟s Office
                    P.O. Box 8530
                    Falls Church, VA 22041
                  • Current R&A Coordinator:
                    – As of 05/02/11, no one chosen to fill vacancy.
                    – (703) 305-9029.
              Copies to USCIS and ICE



Thomas Shea              • MUST send copy of complete
                           application to local USCIS District
                           Director at 26 Federal Plaza.
                         • MUST send copy of complete
                           application to local ICE Office of
                           Chief Counsel.
                         • Make sure to fill out “Proof of
                           Service” on second page of EOIR-
                           31, indicating that you have
                           mailed these copies.
              USCIS


                Ms. Andrea Quarantillo
Thomas Shea
                District Director
                United States Citizenship &
                Immigration Services
                Jacob Javits Federal Building
                26 Federal Plaza
                New York, NY 10278
                • Always confirm address before you
                  mail!
                • Send by secured mail for proof of
                  receipt.
              USICE


                Theresa A. Pauling
Thomas Shea
                Chief Counsel
                Immigration and Customs
                Enforcement
                U.S. Department of Homeland
                Security
                26 Federal Plaza, Room 1130
                New York, New York 10278
                • Call beforehand to confirm:
                  (212) 264-5916.
                • Send by secure mail for proof of
                  receipt.
Accreditation
For individual staff members
              Accreditation



Thomas Shea           • 8 CFR §§292.2(d) and 1292.2(d)
                        requires that candidates for
                        accreditation have “experience
                        and knowledge of immigration
                        and naturalization law and
                        procedure” and “good moral
                        character.”
                      • Agency applies for accreditation
                        – individuals may not apply on
                          their own.
                      • Two levels: partial and full.
              Partial Accreditation: What It Is

                          • Practice before DHS (USCIS, USICE,
                            USCBP).
Thomas Shea
                          • Permitted to do everything lawyer can do
                            before the DHS.
                          • Including: signing G-28s, representation at
                            USCIS interviews.
                          • May choose which services before DHS rep
                            wants to perform.
                          • Easier to get than full accreditation.
                          • Most people apply first for partial
                            accreditation; may decide after several
                            years of experience to apply for full.
              Full Accreditation: What It Is



Thomas Shea



                       • Practice before the DHS, in Immigration
                         Court, and before the BIA.
                       • May act like a lawyer in court.
                       • Need a lot more training and experience.
                         – Experience writing briefs, conducting
                           direct examination, speaking in court.
              Accreditation Criteria



Thomas Shea



                    • Individual must work for a
                      recognized agency;
                    • Demonstrate knowledge of and
                      experience with, immigration law
                      and procedure;
                    • Good moral character.
              Knowledge and Experience



Thomas Shea

                      • Staff will need training on immigration law
                        and procedure.
                      • There is no formula for exactly how much
                        training staff members need.
                      • ONGOING TRAINING is required to renew
                        accreditation.
                      • Work under supervision of immigration
                        attorney or accredited rep absolutely
                        worth listing.
              Trainings

                 • Immigrant Legal Resource Center
                   40-hour training. BIA regards very
Thomas Shea        highly. Intensive, and has exam at
                   the end – www.ilrc.org.
                 • NYIC runs trainings throughout the
                   year on wide variety of immigration
                   topics.
                 • CLINIC also offers trainings
                   throughout the year –
                   www.cliniclegal.org.
                 • Focus on topics that will be most
                   relevant for the services agency
                   wants to offer.
             Poll Question

 Maria, a college graduate with a Bachelor of Arts in
 Economics and a minor in pre-law, works for a BIA
  recognized agency and is preparing to obtain BIA
accreditation. She has no background whatsoever in
                   immigration law.
What education must she demonstrate to the BIA in
        order to obtain BIA accreditation?
              Duration



Thomas Shea
                  • Accreditation lasts for three years.
                  • Must re-apply every three years.
                  • Supposed to re-apply at least 60
                    days before accreditation expires.
                  • Ongoing training is required to
                    renew accreditation.
                  • Terminates if staff member leaves
                    the agency – tied to the specific
                    recognized agency.
              Good Moral Character



Thomas Shea




                  • Just need supervisor to attest to staff
                    member‟s having good moral
                    character.
                  • No other requirements to prove this.
   What Should be Included in Accreditation
                Application

Thomas Shea

                • Resume of staff member, listing all immigration-
                  related experience and trainings;
                • Letter(s) of recommendation from supervisor and
                  others who know person‟s work well (2 letters are
                  entirely sufficient in most cases).
                • Certificates and agendas from trainings attended, if
                  you have those.
                • Proof of service on USCIS and USICE.
                  – (many people forget this!!).
              What Happens Next

                    • Agency may send in applications for
                      recognition and accreditation at the same
                      time – NOTE that there is no reason not to
Thomas Shea
                      do this – if you don‟t, the whole process will
                      just take longer.
                    • Must serve copies of whole packet on local
                      USCIS district office at the same time and
                      local ICE office; local offices have 30 days to
                      recommend for or against.
                    • CIS and ICE often choose not to respond.
                    • If CIS and/or ICE timely recommends
                      against the recognition and/or accreditation,
                      the agency is permitted to respond, with the
                      original response going to the BIA, and
                      copies served on CIS and ICE.
              BIA Decision


                   • BIA makes the decision – so a letter
Thomas Shea          from CIS or ICE recommending
                     against approval is not necessarily
                     fatal.
                   • If the decision is a denial, BIA will
                     state its reasons for the denial.
                     Agency may apply again
                     immediately.
                   • If the decision is yes, newly
                     accredited representative may
                     immediately begin practicing
                     immigration law at that agency.
    Q&A: Our Panel of Presenters


                      Patricia Wonder
                           Instructor
             CUNY School of Professional Studies


                         Daysi Mejia
                      Attorney-in-Charge
Manhattan District Attorney‟s Office‟s Immigrant Affairs Program

                       Thomas J. Shea
         Director of Training and Technical Assistance
            New York Immigration Coalition (NYIC)
Recorded Web Seminar



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       on how to access this Web
       seminar and related
       materials will be sent to
       you shortly
                  Acknowledgements

• Paul Russo                           • Allan Wernick
 Director of Online Programs             Director
 CUNY School of Professional Studies     CUNY Citizenship Now!
                                       • A. Sofia Carreño
• Antonia Levy                           Communications Coordinator
 Instructional Technology Fellow         CUNY Citizenship Now!
 CUNY School of Professional Studies
                                       • David Sturniolo
• Kelley Kawano                          Communications Assistant
                                         CUNY Citizenship Now!
 Instructional Technology Fellow
 CUNY School of Professional Studies   • Gabriel Espinal
                                         Communications Assistant
                                         CUNY Citizenship Now!
For further questions regarding the information
 presented during this webinar please contact
            Patricia Wonder
         pawonder123@yahoo.com

								
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