OFFICE ERGONOMICS

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OFFICE ERGONOMICS Powered By Docstoc
					ERGONOMICS at WSU-TC
             Completion of this unit
            fulfills required WSU-TC
               safety training for:
                   Ergonomics
                      Lifting
               Slips, trips and falls



                         Lezlie Couch
                         EH&S- WSU-TC
What is “Ergonomics”?

 Ergonomics is the scientific study of human work.




 Ergonomic principals adapt work to a specific person
 by designing tasks & tools or equipment to fit the
 individual to prevent injuries to the musculoskeletal
 system.
What are the benefits of ergonomics?
   •Reduction of work-related injuries
   •Increased worker productivity
   •Increased work quality             YOU

   •Reduced absenteeism
                                       JUST
                                       FEEL

   •Increased morale                 BETTER!


   Ergonomics provides a win-win
   situation…..on and off the job
What are the risks
of ignoring ergonomic principles?
    An “MSD” is an illness or injury that affects one or
     more parts of the musculoskeletal system
        Bones




                                          MSD
        Muscles
        Tendons
        Ligaments
        Cartilage
        Nerves
        Blood vessels




    Other common terms for “MSDs”are:
                                MusculoSkeletal Disorders
         Cumulative trauma disorder (CTD’s)
         Repetitive strain injures (RSI’s)
         Repetitive motion injuries (RMI’s)
     When not diagnosed and treated these can cause
      inconvenience permanent pain and disability.
SYMPTOMS of MSDs
   DiscomfortNumbness
          Tingling
         Loss of
        strength               Pain
      Swelling
     Reduced range of motion
  Fatigue
              Stiffness
                           Aching
What are MSD’S?

  MSD’s are injuries caused by sustained
   exposure to stressors or repetitive motion.
  They may affect muscles, tendons, ligaments,
   bones, circulation, or nerves.
  Some well-known MSD’s are:
     Carpel tunnel syndrome

     Guyner’s syndrome

     Trigger finger

     Tennis elbow                CONTINUE
CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME
One of the best known MSDs

  The median nerve does not work properly due to pressure on the
    nerve as it runs through an opening called the carpel tunnel
                       Numbness is usually first symptom.




                               Pain & tingling, can go up the arm to the
                                  shoulder and neck, causing waking
                                  to pain in middle of night
GUYON’S CANAL SYNDROME
Similar to carpel tunnel

                           Guyon’s affects the ulnar nerve
                           as it passes through the Guyon
                           canal in the wrist; this is similar
                           to carpal tunnel, but involves a
                           different nerve.


                           Unlike carpel tunnel, Guyon’s
                           affects the little and ring fingers.


        Can be in conjunction with carpal tunnel
TRIGGER FINGER
Trigger finger affects the ability of tendons to slip
  back and forth. The tendon and/or ligament
  thicken and a nodule forms

This can be caused by rheumatoid arthritis,
  lacerations of tendon, gripping power tools,
  long hours of grasping steering wheel, or birth
  defects

Symptoms are pain and
a funny clicking sensation
TENNIS ELBOW
Overuse or misuse of the forearm muscles can cause tendonitis, or
  a painful inflammation of the tendons connecting these muscles
  to bone.

This condition is brought
on or aggravated by poor leverage
 causing an uneven distribution
 of force on a few muscles.
This may be when working,
or during certain leisure activities,
such as sports and gardening.


Symptom are severe pain.
ARE MSD’S PREVENTABLE?

    They are preventable and reversible
     ….. if identified early.
  The treatment depends on the stage of MSD.


    If the condition cannot be reversed, treatment
     can turn into a pain management situation.

 The individual plays a large role
       in preventing MSD’s.
Am I at risk for a MSD?
  Do you

  …perform frequent repetitive motions?
  …bend at the waist or twist when lifting objects?
  …lift push or pull objects throughout the day?
  …sometimes use the wrong tool for the job?
  …grasp tools with your fingers?
  …forget to take breaks while working?
  …feel like you are under stress?
  …have to stretch to reach your work?
  …forget to adjust your work area to fit your task?

  The more you answered “yes”, the greater your risk.
RISK FACTORS which can lead to MSDs
(Stressors)
    Awkward posture

    Static loading or sustained exertion
                              These STRESSORS can be influenced by
    Contact stress
                              1.       Organizational or administrative precautions
    Force                    2.       Environmental conditions
                              3.       Individual work routine and habits
    Vibration

    Repetition of same motion for several hours/day

     Length of tasks without breaks

    Insufficient rest time

    Psychosocial stress


     Most MSDs are the result of combined risk factors
Reducing RISK FACTORS for MSDs

     The purpose of ergonomic training is to
      help you reduce or eliminate the stresses
      that can lead to MSDs

     Your body is designed to do work. When
      it works in positions or postures in which it
      is designed to deal with physical stress,
      there is no problem, but when it is forced
      to perform under unnatural situations or
      for abnormal periods of time, injuries can
      occur.

     Almost all of the ergonomic stresses at
      work can be decreased by using the right
      equipment in the right position so that the
      body can perform in the right posture.
Review your Work Area
  •You spend most of your day in
  your work area.
  •You don’t want your work area to
  contribute to ergonomic problems
  •Ergonomic Rule #1
    Work Comfortably!
  If most of your work is done in an office continue   If most of your work is done outside of an office continue
Office Ergonomics-   The right equipment, the right place


Use a good CHAIR
       Backrest is provides good lower back support

                                                                Arms adjustable

                                                                  Front edge of seat pan
                                                                     curves down

                                                                      Seat pan adjustable
                                                                        horizontally and
                                                                        tilts
        Height adjustable
                                                            On rollers

                 Five feet for base-most stable
Office Ergonomics-   The right equipment, the right place


MONITOR HEIGHT
      The position of your head and neck is very important

      Place computer monitors
       directly in front of you

      The right height is person
       dependent- usually the top
       of the screen at eye level
       (or slightly below for those who                     Raise the monitor if you
        wear bifocals)                                      have to look down at it

      The screen should be at least an arms length away
       (If you can’t see at that distance, get special computer glasses)
Office Ergonomics-   The right equipment, the right place


KEYBOARD STYLES




      A variety of styles are available.
      Choose one that is comfortable for you.
Office Ergonomics-   The right equipment, the right place


KEYBOARD HOLDER
   Keyboard holders should
    Tilt
    Provide wrist rests (rest palms not wrist)




      Provide space for a mouse
Office Ergonomics-   The right equipment, the right place


MOUSE HOLDERS
   Mouse trays or mouse holders can bring a
    mouse to a better position
Office Ergonomics-   The right equipment, the right place


MOUSE STYLES
            Choose a style comfortable for your hand and fingers
Office Ergonomics-        The right equipment, the right place


WORK PLACEMENT
     Position equipment so that your body is in a comfortable and
      natural position most of the time while you are working.

     Don’t place things so you have to reach, twist or bend continually

     Place work at monitor height or place in path of monitor

     Listen to your body. If you cannot focus or often feel tired or
      uncomfortable, you are probably not working in a good position.

     See what you can do to make your work more comfortable for
      you.

   Disclaimer: Wait a minute! Though this position may look comfortable, it
   is NOT a comfortable position to work in.
   Imagine how your back would feel after typing a few pages in this position!
   Do not equate comfortable leisure positions with comfortable work positions!
Office Ergonomics-   The right equipment, the right place

Everyone needs a relaxed, neutral position

             DO WHAT’S COMFORTABLE FOR YOUR BODY!



                                             Monitor at or below eye level



                                            Wrists straight
       Back supported
                                                                     Forearms supported
              Forearms and thighs parallel to the floor




                                                            Feet flat on the floor
Office Ergonomics-   The right equipment, the right place


MOUSE POSITION
        Mouse should be
         close to the
         keyboard and the
         same height or

          NO!
         slightly higher

        Locate the mouse
         to avoid reaching
Office Ergonomics-   The right equipment, the right place


Phone PLACEMENT
                         Should be different for right and left handers
                                     You should not have to twist and reach across your body
                                               every time you answer the phone.




     Many people need to spend a lot of time on the phone, and must
                  often do other tasks at the same time
                                      This creates a lot of stress
                                    for neck and shoulder muscles


         Consider a head set if you spend a lot of time on the phone,
               especially if you do other tasks at the same time
Office Ergonomics-   The right equipment, the right place


Document PLACEMENT


      Place documents so that you don’t
     need to bend your head to read while
                you keyboard

  Consider getting a document holder
Ergonomic STRESSORS

Environmental conditions

         Environmental conditions can
         influence ergonomic stress.

            Lighting
            Noise
            Temperature


           ….even at a computer station!
Ergonomic STRESSORS

 LIGHTING & MONITOR GLARE
     Lighting should be
      indirect and adequate

     Not too much light,
      or it may cause a glare,
      headaches and eye
      fatigue

     If there is a glare on
      your eyes as you work,
      use glare screens on
      computers, or adjustable
      blinds at windows


                                 Ideal is 35-50 foot candles
Office Ergonomics-   The right equipment, the right place


GLARE SCREENS
COMPUTER VISION SYNDROME
can be prevented
      Accommodate your eyes
         Use computer eyewear when appropriate
         Placement of reference material
          and monitor distance should be
          comfortable for your eyes
      Prevent constant glare
         Keep monitor clean
         Use:
             indirect lighting
             non-reflective walls and furniture
             anti-glare screens
  Exercise your eyes
     Periodically focus on object 20 feet away
     Blink eyes rapidly if they feel dry
Ergonomic STRESSORS
Noise can be a STRESSOR

      If your office is near a noise source,
       close your door, or wear ear plugs

      Besides causing ear damage, constant
       noise can create extra muscle tension in
       the body causing fatigue and making it
       easier for ergonomic injuries to occur.
Ergonomic STRESSORS
 Temperature
      People are more prone to ergonomic injuries
       in cold environments. Muscles and other
       tissues are more tense, because of decreased
       circulation.

      Dress appropriately

      Do some warm up exercises, such as
       stretching your hands, to loosen your finger
       muscles before keyboarding.
Ergonomic STRESSORS
 FORCE can be a stressor
     A task can require a moderate amount of
      force to be applied to very small muscles
     Examples:
         Dragging and dropping with the mouse
         Gripping the sides of the mouse or phone tightly
         Pounding on the keyboard
         Grasping thick file folders
         Stapling or stamping
         Opening 3-ring binder
         Lifting heavy manuals with one hand
Ergonomic STRESSORS
 MECHANICAL CONTACT STRESS

   A hard or sharp surface or object pressing
     into the soft tissues, the tendons, nerves
                 and blood vessels.
    Examples:
        Resting wrists on the desk edge while typing or
         using mouse
        Leaning elbows on hard chair or armrests or work
         surfaces
        Sitting in chair that places pressure on the backs of
         the thighs
Ergonomic STRESSORS
 VIBRATION causes stress
      Hand-arm vibration (hand power tools)


      Whole body vibration (driving rough off roads)


      Even if these do not occur in your work
       environment, what about home activities?
                          CONTINUE
Workplace Ergonomics
Office Ergonomics-        The right equipment, the right place


WORK PLACEMENT
     Position equipment so that your body is in a comfortable and
      natural position most of the time while you are working.

     Don’t place things so you have to reach, twist or bend continually

     Place work at monitor height or place in path of monitor

     Listen to your body. If you cannot focus or often feel tired or
      uncomfortable, you are probably not working in a good position.

     See what you can do to make your work more comfortable for
      you.

   Disclaimer: Wait a minute! Though this position may look comfortable, it
   is NOT a comfortable position to work in.
   Imagine how your back would feel after typing a few pages in this position!
   Do not equate comfortable leisure positions with comfortable work positions!
Ergonomic STRESSORS

Environmental conditions
   Environmental conditions can influence ergonomic stress.



                                                   Lighting



                                                   Noise



                                                   Temperature
Ergonomic STRESSORS
 EYE STRAIN can be prevented
    Accommodate and exercise your eyes

    When working on a computer
       Use computer eyewear when appropriate
       Placement of reference material
        and monitor distance should be
        comfortable for your eyes

    When doing work at close range
       Periodically focus on object 20 feet away
       Blink eyes rapidly if they feel dry


    When driving for long periods of time
       Periodically focus on object 5 feet away
       Blink eyes rapidly if they feel dry
Ergonomic STRESSORS
Noise can be a STRESSOR

      If you work near a constant noise
       source, such as generators or
       fans, close your door, or wear ear
       plugs.

      Besides causing ear damage,
       constant noise can create extra
       muscle tension in the body causing
       fatigue and making it easier for
       ergonomic injuries to occur.
Ergonomic STRESSORS
 Noise can be a STRESSOR
      If you use equipment which makes loud noise, wear
       ear plugs. EH&S can help you find some which are
       comfortable and appropriate

      Use of most power equipment, machinery, lawn
       mowers, and blowers should require ear plugs.




                                                 x
Ergonomic STRESSORS

 Temperature
      People are more prone to
       ergonomic injuries in cold
       environments because circulation
       is slowed down and muscles and
       other tissues are more tense.

      Dress appropriately

      Do warm up exercises such as
       stretching before you begin work.
Ergonomic STRESSORS
 FORCE can be a stressor
     A task can require a moderate amount of
      force to be applied to very small muscles

     Examples:
         Pushing the same button over
         Gripping the sides of the phone tightly
         Pounding a hammer using your wrist muscles
         Grasping a screwdriver with only a couple of fingers
         Lifting heavy items with one hand
Ergonomic STRESSORS
MECHANICAL CONTACT STRESS

   A hard or sharp surface or object pressing
     into the soft tissues, the tendons, nerves
                 and blood vessels.
    Examples:

        Leaning elbows on hard chair or armrests or work
         surfaces
        Sitting on a seat that places pressure on the backs
         of the thighs
Ergonomic STRESSORS
 VIBRATION causes stress
      Hand-arm vibration (hand power tools)


      Whole body vibration (driving rough off roads)


      If you don’t encounter these at work, what
       about home activities?
Ergonomic STRESSORS
 HOME-OFFICE CONNECTION
       What happens off the job may influence
        stress, discomfort, or pain during the workday
        and vise-versa.The two are intertwined.




       Hobbies and recreational activities (golf,
        sewing, gardening, etc.) may cause repetitive
        motion injuries, which may then be
        complicated on the job.
Ergonomic STRESSORS
 Psycosocial Stress
  Any interactions, job tasks or personal problems
    which cause psychological or social stress
    cause increased muscle tension, which can
    make injury more likely. Be aware of these
    additional stresses and compensate for them
    by taking extra breaks and being especially
    careful when under extra pressure.
Ergonomic STRESSORS
 INDIVIDUAL STRESSORS
      People face different stresses and have
          We don’t live cope.
       different abilities to in a vacuum,
       life stresses can adversely
    Employees vary in physical condition.
         effect the wellness of an
      individual and contribute to
    Some individuals are also dealing with
           ergonomic stressors.
     chronic illnesses or disabilities
Solutions
 Individual work routine and habit

                        Fortunately,
            most STRESSORS can be minimized
                         or eliminated
                    by individual habits
                     and work routine.
              The solution to most ergonomic
                problems is to work comfortably
                   and avoid a few common
                      ergonomic pitfalls.
Solutions
 Avoid REPETITION
     Performing the same or similar motions repeatedly for
       extended periods without time for rest and recovery
                can lead to discomfort or trauma.

   Examples:
         Keyboarding, mousing, and 10-keying
         Flipping through files & paperwork
         Extended reading or writing
         Punching or stapling
         Pruning or clipping
         Painting
         Hammering
Solutions
 AVOID LONG DURATION OF SAME TASK


      The length of time spent at a task without
       breaks, shifts in position, or stretches is more
       important than the actual task.

      The longer the uninterrupted duration of a
       task, the more potential for discomfort or injury


            Our bodies are designed to do work.
            But the result on the body of doing a
             repetitive task for 2 hours verses 6
               hours straight is very different.
Solutions
 STRETCHES & BREAKS

     Static positions are your enemy!

     Whenever you think of it, change position

     Small frequent stretches go a long way in
      preventing MSD’s.
Stretch Break

    WSU- TC has purchased this software for all faculty, staff, and students
     to use if they wish.
     To download this program, go to http://www.tricity.wsu.edu/ctc/Files/Stretchbreak.exe
     Choose 'Open' when prompted to do so.
     Press 'Ok' and 'Next' until the installation is finished.

    Stretch Break (default) interrupts you every 30 minutes- suggests three
     varied stretches which take a total of 1 minute to complete. You cannot
     believe how much better you feel afterwards.

    You can cancel the stretches as soon as they come on the screen,
     choose the amount of time you work before being interrupted ( between
     10 minutes and 3 hours) and decide which of the many exercises you
     want to include, and how many you want to do at each break.

    Such programs are one of the best preventions of ergonomic injuries at a
     computer workstation. Even if you choose not to do the exercises, you will
     be reminded to shift position, etc periodically so that your muscles do not
     become unduly stressed. Most computer related injuries occur because
     of projects which engage persons for a substantial length of time.
Solutions
   A FEW BREAK IDEAS
     Organize tasks around built in breaks

     Eye breaks - blink to moisten eyes every 5-10 minutes. Every 15
      minutes or so look away from the screen to distant part of room.

     Micro-breaks - between burst of activity rest the hands, neck and
      shoulders in a relaxed straight posture.

     Rest breaks - every 30-60 minutes take a brief 5-minute break
      and engage in another activity.

     Exercise breaks - every 1-2 hours do gentle stretching exercises
Solutions
 Avoid BAD POSTURES
                                    Everyone has seen these….

                                      Slouching over a computer




    Propping a phone on shoulder



       Bad postures are a primary cause of ergonomic injuries
Solutions
  Avoid AWKARD POSITIONS
               Awkward positions bend the joints in a way that
                  they are more likely to become injured.




   Examples:
         Reaching up and over
         Slouching or leaning forward in the chair
         Leaning forward or bending over work
         Holding heavy items in position
         Lifting, pushing pulling
         Turning head side to side to view the monitor
         Cradling the phone between the ear and shoulder
         Typing with bent wrists
Solutions
 Avoid SUSTAINED EXERTIONS
    Static loading occurs when muscles must hold
    the body in a single position for a long period of
      time. Lack of movement reduces circulation
               and causes muscle tension

  Examples:
        Holding hands in place
        Keeping the head still while reading
        Sitting still for long periods of time
        Sitting upright without back support
Solutions
 Lifting (Static Loading)
      A large percentage of ergonomic injuries are
      due to improper lifting. Planning the lift before
      attempting it will prevent most injuries.

        When evaluating a lifting task, consider:
       1.   The weight of the object
       2.   What position it must be lifted from and to
       3.   How many times you will need to lift it
       4.   If there will be twisting involved
       5.   If there is good footing, and if you can get a good
            grasp on the object
Solutions

 Lifting (Static Loading)

      Use a step stool or platform to
       reach loads above your head

      For bulky and oversized loads,
       get help or use mechanical
       aids

      Get a good grip- use handles
       when available
Solutions

 Lifting (Static Loading)

      Don’t pull
      Push
      Get twice the power
      Reduce the risk of injury
Solutions

 Lifting (Static Loading)
     Get a firm grip on what you are lifting and be sure you are on solid
      footing

     Squat when lifting something from below the waist. Keep heels down and
      feet shoulder-width apart and turned out

     Keep the load close to your body

     Turn your whole body in the direction you want to move- avoid twisting
      when lifting

     Keep your knees bent and lean in the direction of the movement

     Let your legs and body weight do the work

     Squat to set loads down
Individualize Solutions
 NO ONE SOLUTION FOR ALL
       People come in all shapes and sizes- what
        works for one person may or may not work for
        another.

       Ergonomics is a puzzle to be put together for
        each individual.

       What works today may or may not work later.
        We all change due to time and other
        circumstances.
Individualize Solutions
 Meet the Challenge!
              Individuals must take responsibility
               for their own ergonomic problems.

              Think about possible MSDs
               BEFORE you have discomfort!

              Listen to your body: pay attention
               to those aches and pains!
Meet the Challenge!
   Identify your risk of ergonomic problems

   Identify types of ergonomic problems
            Look at your daily work tasks
            Identify one or more risk factors
            Review & rethink your work activities/tasks
             (including those outside of work)
            For a Free WORK STATION ASSESSMENT
             Contact your supervisor and Lezlie Couch
            http://www.ehs.wsu.edu/ohs/ohs-ergo.htm
            WSU ergonomic fact sheet
Meet the Challenge!
    Identify barriers to solving the problems

        Let supervisors know when there is a problem
         Discuss concerns and possible solutions with your
         supervisor
        Adjusting work schedules
        Modifying job design
        Rearranging task order
        Changing task assignments
        Consult a physician, if warranted
Meet the Challenge!
  Identify approaches to overcoming the barriers



       Recommend and/or implement solutions.
       Try something and if it doesn’t feel comfortable,
            discontinue and try something else!
       As time passes, try to notice if the problem has truly
        been eliminated.
       Let your supervisor know how well the controls are
        working.
Meet the Challenge!
                                                          REMEMBER!
   You Can Reduce Risk Greatly
    Improve body posture and keep a safe body position
       • avoid awkward positions
       • use tools and equipment correctly

    Rearrange work area-
       •control your environment,
       •use the right equipment in the right position,
       •keep work within reach

    Change work habits-
       •practice and use correct procedures,
       •avoid repetition and long duration of a single task

       •take frequent breaks

           Apply ergonomic principals at home, too
Meet the Challenge!
 Things YOU can do TODAY
     Look up & away from your work frequently

     Change your chair position occasionally

     Take frequent mini breaks & include
      stretches/exercises
       (Use stretch break computer program)



     Vary tasks and the daily order of tasks
      Ergonomics is a Win-Win situation!
SLIPS TRIPS FALLS
    Real slips, trips and falls are not
                   funny.


 At WSU-TC, more people are injured and
 more work time is lost by slips, trips, and
     falls, than by any other means.
Slips, Trips and Falls

  •Hazards that can lead to slips, trips and falls are often
  overlooked, even though they cause many injuries
  ranging from minor cuts and sprains to disabling injuries
  and even death.


  •Although slip, trip and fall hazards are easily created,
  they are also easy to correct.


  •Be aware of such hazards, and correct them quickly,
  before the next person becomes a victim!
SLIP Hazards


    A slip occurs when there is too little friction
    or traction between footwear and a walking
    surface. Common causes of slips are:


    •Slippery floor surfaces
    •Liquid, moisture or ice on the floor,
    •Food, trash or other small objects
    •Oil or grease on the floor
    •Footwear without nonskid soles
Trip Hazards

     A trip occurs when a person’s foot contacts an
     object or drops to a lower level unexpectedly,
             and they are thrown off balance.
           Some common causes of tripping are:
            Unsafe stairway conditions or use
   Floor level telephone hidden steps that may not be and aisles
       Hazardous floor conditions such as
  Electrical or changes orcords that cross passageways obvious
     protruding nails, holes or loose boards,
              loose carpet and rugs
                                  Furniture that creates obstacles
                                Elevator cars working areas
         Insufficient lighting for walking or that do not level off at
                     Materials stored in passageways, aisles and stairways
                              the same height of the floor stopped at
             Desk or file cabinet drawers left open, objects
             protruding into passageways and aisles
Fall Hazards

       In addition to falls as a result of slips and trips,
       you may be injured if you fall from an elevation.
       Some causes of falls are:


       •Using makeshift items (boxes, buckets, chairs, etc ) to gain
       height
       •Not sitting on “4 square” of a chair
       •Carrying large or too many items that prevents seeing where
       you are going
       •Jumping from one level to another
Preventing Injuries with good housekeeping

  Good housekeeping is one of the most important methods
           for preventing falls due to slips and trips

     Clean up all spills immediately
        WITHOUT GOOD HOUSEKEEPING PRACTICES,
     Mark spills and wet areas
           ANY OTHER PREVENTIVE MEASURES (SUCH AS
     Mop or sweep debris from floors
         INSTALLING SPECIAL NO-SLIP FLOORING, EXPENSIVE SHOES OR TRAINING ON WALKING
                                 TECHNIQUES AND SAFE FALLING)
     Remove obstacles from walkways and always keep
      them free WILL NEVER BE FULLY EFFECTIVE.
                  of clutter
     Secure mats, rugs and carpets that do not lay flat
     Always close file cabinets or storage drawers
     Cover cables that cross walkways
     Keep work areas and walkways well lit
     Replace used light bulbs and faulty switches
Walking on Slippery Surfaces

    •Take small steps- shorter than your foot length- to keep your
    center of balance under you.
    •Walk with your toes pointed outward. This provides a wider,
    more stable base of support for maintaining balance.
    •Turn gradually- a sharp turn results in a sideways force that
    can cause loss of balance and a fall
    •Keep both hands free for balance rather than in your
    pockets.
    •Wear shoes with slip-resistant soles or studded shoe
    pullovers for walking on icy surfaces
    •Use sidewalks walkways that have been cleared of ice and
    snow.
Using the Stairs

  •Use the handrail from start to finish
  •Avoid carrying loads on the
  stairways- or only carry loads you
  can see over.
  •Keep your eyes on where you are
  going, and descend stairs slowly to
  keep your balance and identify
  tripping hazards.
  •Test potentially slippery stairs by
  tapping them with your foot.
  •Going up or down, keep weight on
  your back leg until your front foot is
  safety on the next step. This
  maintains your center of gravity.
Most Slips and Trips can be
Prevented
    As part of the WSU organization, know what to
    look for and take action to reduce the risk and
   eliminate the hazards before someone is injured.
   If you don’t, the result can be potentially serious
             injuries and costly lawsuits.




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In Conclusion…

 •Take responsibility for the safety of your work area.
 •Report unsafe situations or conditions to
          Facilities (Jerry Massey 2-7216 )or
         EH&S (Lezlie Couch 2-7163)
 •Think Safety Act Safely
  When you have completed this training on preventing injuries
  due to ergonomic problems and slips, trips and falls, you may
  return to review it, or you may proceed to take the review quiz.
  You must complete the quiz and submit it to receive credit for
                             this training.
   Click here if you want to go back to the beginning and review the training

              Click here if you are ready to complete the 15 question quiz

				
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