Obesity by shuifanglj


									Should Obesity in Children be
       a Health Issue?
         Chemistry 51
           Dr. Shin
   Although rare in the past, obesity is now among the
    most widespread medical problems affecting children
    and adolescents living in the United States and other
    developed countries.
   About 15% of adolescents (aged 12-19 years) and
    children (aged 6-11 years) are obese in the United States
    according to the American Obesity Association. The
    numbers are expected to continue increasing. Childhood
    obesity represents one of our greatest health challenges.
   More children are participating less in physical activities
    and sitting on couch playing video games while eating
    fatty snacks and soda. Parents need to be more involved
    in their childrens diet and be aware.
   Obesity increases the child's risk of numerous health
    problems, and it also can create emotional and social
    problems. Obese children are also more likely to be
    obese as adults, increasing their risk of serious health
    problems such as heart disease and strokes.
            What is Child Obesity?
   Childhood obesity is a serious               RISK FACTORS
    medical condition that affects               Diet- High calorie and sugar foods,
    children and adolescents. It happens          fast foods, sodas, and candy
    when a child is well above the normal        Inactivity- Watching t.v., playing
    weight for his or her age and height.         video games, lack of exercise
    Childhood obesity is particularly
    troubling because the extra pounds           Genetics- Coming from a family of
    often start kids on the path to health        overweight people, he or she may
    problems such as diabetes, high               be genetically predisposed to put
    blood pressure and high cholesterol.          on excess weight
    It is an issue that needs to prevented       Pyschological factors- Overeating
    very early on in the child’s life so it       to cope with emotional problems or
    will not have damaging effects in the         stress.
                                                 Family Factors-Parents are
                                                  responsible for putting healthy
                                                  foods in the kitchen at home and
                                                  leaving unhealthy foods in the
             Research Facts
   One disease of particular concern is Type 2 diabetes,
    which is linked to overweight and obesity and has
    increased in children and adolescents, particularly in
    American Indian, African American and Hispanic/Latino
   Annual healthcare costs are about $6,700 for children
    treated for obesity covered by Medicaid.
   In 2004, 195 of every 100,000 privately insured children
    were treated for a diagnosis of obesity. Children were
    tested throughout the different health or private insurances
    they were in.
Guide to Healthy Food Choices
             Make healthful foods easy to see at home and
              keep unhealthful foods out of sight
             Plan meals and snacks ahead of time so that
              healthy choices will be available
             Avoid using food as a reward or withholding food
              as punishment
             Eat slowly and pay attention to when you are
              hungry and when you are satisfied
             Eat at a designated location such as a dining
              table, rather than in front of the TV
             Aim for several servings of fruits and vegetables
              every day
             Drink water when thirsty instead of beverages
              with added sugars
             Start the day with a healthful breakfast to prevent
              cravings later on
           Programs that Help
   Family-based community programs focusing on pediatric obesity, designed Strong Kids
    Strong Teens, a YMCA-based healthy lifestyle program for overweight children 8 to14
    years old.
     •   Determining program feasibility by determining referral patterns, attendance,
         attrition and satisfaction rates
     •    Measuring behavior change (nutrition and physical activity) at 3 and 9 months
         compared to baseline
     •   Measuring pre- to post-program BMI scores and BMI percentiles
     •   Measuring how readiness to change influences outcomes.
   The ADVANCE project is a pilot 4-month behavioral childhood obesity intervention
    trial designed to look at the impact of diet and physical activity modification on
    children’s visceral fat.
     •   Weekly group and individual family sessions focused on behavioral strategies for
         dietary and activity change
     •   Dietary prescriptions to reduce calories

     •   Increasing healthy foods and decreasing unhealthy foods
   (09-01-2007). Publex. Retrieved December 17, 2008,from Food and
    Nutrition center website from
   Marder, Chang, Medstat, W., S., T (2006). Childhood Obesity: Costs,
    Treatments, Patterns, and Prevalent Medical Conditions. Thomson
    Medstat Research Brief, Retrieved Decemeber17, 2008, from
   (March 28, 2008). Childhood Obesity. Mayoclinic.com, Retrieved
    Decemeber17, 2008, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/childhood-

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