News Archive March 2009

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					Citizen In Deed                  News Archive / March 2009

                  News Archive
                  March 2009

                                               Page 1 of 91
Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                                                         News Archive / March 2009

1.     The CO2 skyscraper against air pollution (03-03-2009) ................................... 5                   30.   Lex Nokia (06-03-2009) ..................................................................................23
2.     100.000 square mile sun shade to stop global warming (03-03-2009) ............. 6                             31.   Strained marriages harm women (06-03-2009)...............................................24
3.     Child abuse causes gene alteration (03-03-2009) ............................................ 6                32.   Leaders with big carbon footprint (06-03-2009)...............................................24
4.     Pet or smoke? (03-03-2009) ............................................................................. 7    33.   S. Aegean posidonia protected by fishermen (09-03-2009) ............................25
5.     Shopping is throwback to days of Neanderthal cavewomen (03-03-2009) ....... 8                                 34.   Mass Media and children (09-03-2009)...........................................................26
6.     A green premiere (03-03-2009) ........................................................................ 8      35.   A fest for volunteerism (09-03-2009)...............................................................26
7.     Disabled woman swims with mermaid tail (03-03-2009)................................... 9                      36.   Starlight Reserve (09-03-2009) .......................................................................27
8.     Doodling along (03-03-2009) ............................................................................ 9    37.   Future climate change refugees will find host in Great Britain (09-03-2009)...27
9.     A spoonful of sugar saves one child (04-03-2009).......................................... 10                 38.   Twin black holes dancing (09-03-2009) ..........................................................28
10.    India is Africa's sheet-anchor (04-03-2009) .................................................... 10           39.   Horses tamed earlier than scientists previously thought (09-03-2009)............28
11.    Green driving is spreading (04-03-2009) ........................................................ 11           40.   Hospital finds doctors phones contaminated with "Superbugs" (09-03-2009) .29
12.    China’s glaciers are melting (04-03-2009) ...................................................... 12           41.   Children as unit of resistance (10-03-2009) ....................................................29
13.    Recycle on award points (04-03-2009) ........................................................... 12           42.   Iraqi women suffering ‘’silent emergency’’ (10-03-2009) .................................30
14.    A rare pink dolphin (04-03-2009) .................................................................... 13      43.   One love lowers infection rate (10-03-2009) ...................................................31
15.    Cell phone for the hearing impaired (04-03-2009) .......................................... 13                44.   Death penalty: A question of cost (10-03-2009) ..............................................31
16.    Sos for the whales in Tasmania (04-03-2009) ................................................ 14               45.   Aid ban in Sudan (10-03-2009) .......................................................................32
17.    Hopes rise for African children (05-03-2009) .................................................. 14            46.   Renovated Neues Museum (10-03-2009) .......................................................33
18.    EU tackles the gender pay gap (05-03-2009) ................................................. 15               47.   Fifty years of Barbie (10-03-2009)...................................................................34
19.    Immorality has a rotten taste (05-03-2009) ..................................................... 15           48.   Younger fathers for smarter kids (10-03-2009) ...............................................34
20.    One out of ten bird species threatened by climate change (05-03-2009) ....... 16                              49.   More bad news on climate change (11-03-2009) ............................................35
21.    1/3 of Karpathos now ‘protected” (05-03-2009) .............................................. 17               50.   Rape survivors need better emergency care – MSF (11-03-2009) .................36
22.    Similars attract (05-03-2009) .......................................................................... 18   51.   Sports Festival for the Blind in Iran to be held this summer (11-03-2009).......36
23.    LA overfloaded by “green” lights (05-03-2009) ............................................... 18              52.   4th Open Swimming Tournament for Persons with Disabilities (11-03-2009) .37
24.    Express yourselves (05-03-2009) ................................................................... 19        53.   They will not cut donations (11-03-2009) ........................................................37
25.    Amnesty International marks Women’s Day (06-03-2009) ............................. 20                         54.   Solution or problem (11-03-2009) ...................................................................38
26.    Child drawings spoke the truth (06-03-2009) .................................................. 21             55.   The washing machine boosted women liberation movement (11-03-2009) ....38
27.    2G–Multicultural Festival (06-03-2009)........................................................... 22          56.   $19,120 for Harry Potter (11-03-2009) ............................................................39
28.    Crisis will now hit the poor (06-03-2009)......................................................... 22         57.   Time to travel and volunteer (12-03-2009) ......................................................39
29.    The green key of tourism (06-03-2009) .......................................................... 23           58.   The Age of Stupid (12-03-2009)......................................................................40

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                                                                                  News Archive / March 2009

59.    UN drug control debate (12-03-2009) ............................................................. 41                           88.    FAO has some good and some bad news for world’s forests (18-03-2009)....57
60.    Child marriage prevail in India (12-03-2009)................................................... 41                             89.    Spanish vultures' rescue law (18-03-2009) .....................................................58
61.    Stripes are making a difference (12-03-2009) ................................................ 42                               90.    EU Climate Photo Opportunity (18-03-2009) ..................................................58
62.    Plastiki to sail the Pacific (12-03-2009)........................................................... 43                        91.    Plans for a brave new Paris (18-03-2009).......................................................59
63.    A call to God (12-03-2009) ............................................................................. 43                    92.    Daughters following dad’s career (18-03-2009) ..............................................59
64.    Act on carbon dioxide emissions (12-03-2009)............................................... 44                                 93.    Gravity and Ocean Circulation Explorer satellite launched (18-03-2009) ........60
65.    Pentelikon Mount will get green again (13-03-2009)....................................... 44                                   94.    Earth Hour starts from Greece (19-03-2009)...................................................60
66.    Thrakomakedones act green (13-03-2009) .................................................... 45                                 95.    In some places it hurts more (19-03-2009) .....................................................61
67.    Scholarships for english courses (13-03-2009) .............................................. 45                                96.    Roads to future (19-03-2009) ..........................................................................61
68.    Salt works as mood booster (13-03-2009)...................................................... 46                               97.    Pope: Condoms not the answer (19-03-2009) ................................................62
69.    A Human Cerebral Cortex Atlas from the last century, presented (13-03-2009)                                                    98.    Schools are trained in recycling (19-03-2009).................................................63
       ......................................................................................................................... 47   99.    Strive for '100 steps per minute' (19-03-2009) ................................................63
70.    Lithium battery material for ultrafast charging by MIT (13-03-2009) ............... 47                                         100.   Gambians'taken by witch doctors' (19-03-2009) .............................................64
71.    Fashion & Accessories Recycling (13-03-2009) ............................................. 48                                  101.   Celebrating World Water Day 2009 (20-03-2009) ...........................................64
72.    Disability no barrier to gaming (13-03-2009)................................................... 48                             102.   Vegetable’s music (20-03-2009) .....................................................................65
73.    Bottled water use 2000 times more energy intensive than tap (16-03-2009).. 49                                                  103.   Books and instruments for students in fire-ravaged Ilia (20-03-2009) .............66
74.    Enemies of the Internet exposed (16-03-2009) .............................................. 50                                 104.   Internet ''unlocks'' Egypt women (20-03-2009)................................................66
75.    World's poor drive growth in global cell phone use: study (16-03-2009)......... 50                                             105.   UN doubles food aid to Kenya (20-03-2009) ...................................................67
76.    Morales distributes land (16-03-2009) ............................................................ 51                          106.   Red: deters rather than attract (20-03-2009)...................................................67
77.    Red Cross: "torture" at CIA jails (16-03-2009) ................................................ 51                             107.   Biological reasons for kids' preference to sweets (20-03-2009) ......................68
78.    Maldives will be carbon-neutral (16-03-2009)................................................. 52                               108.   “Teaching Students Effective Use of Recycling Systems in Schools” (23-03-
79.    First Superman fetches $317,200 (16-03-2009) ............................................. 52                                         2009) ................................................................................................................68
80.    “Bridging Divides for Water” (17-03-2009) ...................................................... 53                            109.   Rivers and climate change (23-03-2009) ........................................................69
81.    Kaisariani’s forest got lively (17-03-2009)....................................................... 53                          110.   Rights group: IDF violated medical ethics in Gaza (23-03-2009) ....................69
82.    27: the age of mental decline (17-03-2009) .................................................... 54                             111.   Fast food with olive oil (23-03-2009) ...............................................................70
83.    Songs for molested women (17-03-2009)....................................................... 54                                112.   For a wolrd free of Tuberculosis (23-03-2009) ................................................70
84.    HIV/AIDS epidemic in Washington (17-03-2009)............................................ 55                                    113.   Robotic self-guided fish to monitor sea pollution (23-03-2009) .......................71
85.    Stripped Down and Bloody (17-03-2009)........................................................ 55                               114.   Dalai Lama denied visa to SA (23-03-2009)....................................................71
86.    Juliet's balcony to host weddings (17-03-2009) .............................................. 56                               115.   Free laptops for high school juniors (24-03-2009)...........................................72
87.    We all are in ‘’Sleep Debt’’ (18-03-2009) ........................................................ 56                          116.   Issues of water (24-03-2009) ..........................................................................72

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                                                                      News Archive / March 2009

117.   Trees: More than carbon sinks (24-03-2009).................................................. 73                                145.   Volunteer Programme for the Special Olympics 2011 launched (31-03-2009)88
118.   African children getting closer to ancient Cycladic art and culture (24-03-2009)                                               146.   Water meters at homes to prevent water shortages (31-03-2009) ..................89
       ......................................................................................................................... 74   147.   Scientists film HIV spreading (31-03-2009) .....................................................89
119.   British scientists to create synthetic human blood (24-03-2009)..................... 74                                        148.   Disney sets green goals (31-03-2009) ............................................................90
120.   Nano: The world’s cheapest car (24-03-2009)................................................ 75                                 149.   Obama starts Climate Change Forum for big economies (31-03-2009)..........91
121.   Polar bears in danger (24-03-2009)................................................................ 75
122.   Death penalty in 2008: Cruel, discriminatory, unfair and degrading (26-03-
       2009) ............................................................................................................... 76
123.   Saving money campaign (26-03-2009)........................................................... 77
124.   An air of aid ''without borders'' (26-03-2009)................................................... 77
125.   A death trap for animals (26-03-2009) ............................................................ 78
126.   Malaria hotspot map (26-03-2009).................................................................. 78
127.   Saudi Arabia: TV ban on women (26-03-2009) .............................................. 79
128.   Universal Music (26-03-2009)......................................................................... 79
129.   Vote Earth: Your Light switch is your vote (27-03-2009)................................. 80
130.   Put People First (27-03-2009)......................................................................... 80
131.   Children See, Children Do (27-03-2009) ........................................................ 81
132.   Because AIDS comes in silence… (27-03-2009)............................................ 81
133.   Charity Marathon in Messini (27-03-2009)...................................................... 82
134.   Lesotho Aids diary: Orphan (27-03-2009)....................................................... 82
135.   Brits spend six months queuing (27-03-2009) ................................................ 83
136.   Ecoweek 2009: Habits change…climate change (30-03-2009) ...................... 83
137.   Queen Rania in S. African schools (30-03-2009)............................................ 84
138.   Clowns to bring smiles to DR Congo displaced children (30-03-2009) ........... 85
139.   A fairytale for Kerkini wins Unesco fairytale competition (30-03-2009) ........... 85
140.   Beijing counts backward for Copenhagen Climate Summit (30-03-2009)....... 86
141.   New curriculum will give teachers more freedom (30-03-2009) ...................... 86
142.   Game “Tetris” may help reduce flashbacks to traumatic events (30-03-2009) 87
143.   UNICEF announces fifth annual young people’s summit (31-03-2009) .......... 87
144.   NGO Day (31-03-2009) .................................................................................. 88

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                        News Archive / March 2009

                                                                                                A spokesman said: "The CO2
                                                                                                Scraper would be a large-scale
                                                                                                construction for holding between two
The CO2 skyscraper against air pollution (03-03-                                                to four hundred large-size trees..The
2009)                                                                                           only outside power required would be
                                                                                                electricity for an elevator to be used
                                                                                                by maintenance personnel."

                                                                                                Τhe skyscraper has been designed
                                                                                                by Nectar Product Development, a
                                                                                                design company based in California.

Τhe CO2 Scraper is a way to place trees in areas where they would ordinarily be difficult or
impossible to plant such as near a factory, major road or perhaps even in a densely populated
urban area.

               Forests in the sky could be built to clean air of pollution belched out
               by factories. Visionary architects have designed a revolutionary
               skyscraper to combat global warming by growing trees hundreds of
               feet in the air.

The CO2 Scraper will hold up to 400 trees in a bid to absorb dangerous
pollutants and convert carbon dioxide into oxygen. The trees will be supplied
with water and nutrients via a windmill-powered pump system.

Its award-winning designers say it should be built near factories or other major
sources of pollution in order to clean the air.

Evergreen trees will be mounted on a series of floors within a 400ft-tall concrete
structure so they can filter air hundreds of feet above the ground.

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                                  News Archive / March 2009

100.000 square mile sun shade to stop global                                                           "What you are talking about is a project which will stop global warming for
                                                                                                       centuries to come," he said.
warming (03-03-2009)
                                                                                                       "Over 50 years the mirrors will become damaged and therefore fresh lenses will
                                                                                                       need to be fired into space to ensure the shield is constant."

                                                                                                       Child abuse causes gene alteration (03-03-2009)

Scientists claim to stop global warming with 100,000 square mile sun shade that will be fired at the

              Scientists claim they can fight global warming by firing trillions of
              mirrors into space to deflect the sun's rays forming a 100,000
              square mile "sun shade". According to astronomer Dr Roger Angel,
              at the University of Arizona, the trillions of mirrors would have to be
              fired one million miles above the earth using a huge cannon with a
barrel of 0.6 miles across. The gun would pack 100 times the power of
conventional weapons and need an exclusion zone of several miles before
being fired.

Despite the obvious obstacles - including an estimated $350 trillion (£244trn)
                                                                                                       Obesity, heart disease, autoimmune disorders and brain damages are some of the epigenetic
price tag for the project - Dr Angel is confident of getting the project off the                       symptoms of child abuse according to the scientists
ground. He said: "What we have developed is certainly effective and a method
guaranteed to work. Tests are ongoing but we expect to be ready to launch
                                                                                                       Child abuse doesn't just cause emotional problems; it also causes long-lasting
within 20 or 30 years time. Things that take a few decades are not that
                                                                                                       changes at the brain. A new study shows that in men who were abused as
                                                                                                       children, a gene involved in stress control is affected even decades later,
                                                                                                       following a pattern also seen in stressed baby rats.

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                   News Archive / March 2009

Neuroscientist Michael Meaney and colleagues at McGill University in Montreal         Pet or smoke? (03-03-2009)
compared postmortem brains of 12 men who had been abused as children and
had committed suicide with those of two age-matched groups: nonabused men
who had also killed themselves, and nonabused men who had died suddenly
from other causes.

"This is a beautiful study," scientists say."It supports the idea that it may be an
important mechanism by which environmental exposures cause long-lasting
behavior change."

Over the past decade, evidence has been accumulating that "abused
individuals are less healthy in adulthood," Meaney says. They suffer not just
from mental illness but also from obesity, heart disease, and autoimmune
disorders. This research, he says, may be a first step in finding out why.

                                                                                      The survey found that a 39% of smokers would probably quit smoking if they knew for sure that
                                                                                      smoking harms their pets

                                                                                      Α survey found that more than one in four smokers, 28 per cent, would be
                                                                                      motivated to try to quit if they thought that their habit was harming their animal.
                                                                                      The study of more than 600 smokers also found that another 11 per cent would
                                                                                      think about quitting for the same reason.

                                                                                      Second-hand smoke can be harmful to a pet's lung, causing respiratory
                                                                                      problems and even cancer, in much the same way as it is to humans.

                                                                                      But few smokers realize what impact their habit is having on the health of their
                                                                                      pets, according to the researchers who led the study, published in the journal
                                                                                      Tobacco Control.

                                                                                      The study, by the Henry Ford Centre for Health Promotion and Disease
                                                                                      Prevention, in Detroit, surveyed more than 3,300 pet owners.

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                News Archive / March 2009

Public health advertisement campaigns should highlight the dangerous effects     Arndale shopping centre in response to a rise in January visitors, according to
of second-hand smoke on pets, the study recommends.                              the Daily Express.

                                                                                 Visitors to the centre in January this year increased by 350,000 on last year to
                                                                                 2.68 million, a spokesman said.

Shopping is throwback to days of Neanderthal
cavewomen (03-03-2009)
                                                                                 A green premiere (03-03-2009)

                                                                                 Pete Postlethwaite, leading star of the 'Age of the Stupid'

Cavewomen also aknowledged joys of shopping like today women do
                                                                                 A climate change drama aims for world's most ecofriendly premiere: a green
                                                                                 carpet, solar-powered projectors and stars on bikes.
A woman's love of shopping is a throwback to her days in the caves, according
to a new study.                                                                  London gears up for low-carbon film premiere in which red carpet will be
                                                                                 replaced by green and celebrities will arrive in cars powered by cooking oil next
                                                                                 month. Leicester Square prepares for the premiere of climate change film "The
Shoppers are using instincts they learnt from their Neanderthal ancestors,
                                                                                 Age of Stupid", whose makers are billing it as the world's greenest premiere.
researchers have found.
                                                                                 Pete Postlethwaite, who stars in the film as an archivist in 2050 looking back at
Dr David Holmes, of Manchester Metropolitan University, said skills that were
                                                                                 the opportunities mankind had to stop climate change, will arrive in a solar-
learnt as cavemen and women were now being used in shops. He said:
                                                                                 powered car. The projector will be powered by batteries charged from solar
"Gatherers sifted the useful from things that offered them no sustenance,
                                                                                 panels and the tent will be lit by gas from London landfill sites, and may be
warmth or comfort with a skill that would eventually lead to comfortable
                                                                                 heated with stoves using "eco-logs" made from recycled free London
shopping malls and credit cards. "In our evolutionary past, we gathered in
                                                                                 newspapers, and possibly also horse manure.
caves with fires at the entrance.
                                                                                 Organisers are aiming to enter the Guinness Book of Records by creating the
"We repeat this in warm shopping centres where we can flit from store to store
                                                                                 world's largest premiere.
without braving the icy winds." The study was commissioned by Manchester

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                     News Archive / March 2009

Disabled woman swims with mermaid tail (03-03-                                                   Doodling along (03-03-2009)

                                                                                                 Doodling may boost brainpower enhancing focusing

Disabled woman was given mermaid tail to help her swim after her request at the special effect
team of the Lord of the Rings                                                                    According to a new study doodling helps people remember more and stop
A woman who lost both her legs as a child has been turned into a mermaid by
the Lord of the Rings special effects team so she can go swimming. Nadya                         It seems those of us who covered our school books with scribbles may not
Vessey was born with a condition that meant her legs would never develop                         have had an entirely wasted education. For doodling may actually be good for
properly and by the time she was 16 she had both her legs amputated. Miss                        the brain, scientists claim.
Vessey approached Wellington based Weta (special effect company of the Lord
of the Rings) with the ambition of making a tail that was both practical and                     Far from being a sign of inattention, it is thought to focus the mind and stop
beautiful and is delighted with the finished article.                                            daydreaming, allowing people to persevere with dull tasks.

"A prosthetic is a prosthetic, and your body has to be comfortable with it and                   Researcher Jackie Andrade, of Plymouth University who conducted a study into
you have to mentally make it part of yourself" she said.                                         the habit, said: 'This study suggests that in everyday life doodling may be
                                                                                                 something we do because it helps keep us on track with a boring tasks, rather
The unique articulated construction of the tail allows her to propel herself                     than being an unnecessary distraction that we should try to resist.'
through the water with an undulating movement as if she was a mermaid.
                                                                                                 Professor Andrade said that doodling may help because it is simple enough not
Every aspect of the tail has been custom made to her body and includes a poly                    to drain brainpower, therefore allowing the mind to carry out a task without
carbonate spine and tail fin that has been digitally printed with a stunning 'scale'             affecting how well it is done.
pattern designed by one of Weta's concept artists.

                                                                                                                                                                       Page 9 of 91
Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                 News Archive / March 2009

                                                                                  tongues, the sugar levels of all but one increased to normal levels within 10

                                                                                  But WHO’s Olumese said while sugar is a potential life-saver, it can also be
                                                                                  deadly without proper follow-up. There were almost 250 million cases of
A spoonful of sugar saves one child (04-03-2009)                                  malaria in 2006, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa, according to the World Health

                                                                                  India is Africa's sheet-anchor (04-03-2009)

Some sugar may save hundreds of lives according to a study on patients in Mali

Spoonfuls of sugar could save the lives of children with severe malaria,
according to a recently published study on patients in Mali.

In severe cases of malaria, a child who is vomiting and not eating properly may
have low blood sugar, which can lead to coma and death, according to Peter
Olumese with the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Global Malaria
Programme. “Hypoglycaemia requires rapid treatment and if not treated quickly
is more liable to kill the patient than the malaria itself.”

In remote malaria-endemic areas with no trained medical staff or intravenous
equipment to drip glucose, spoonfuls of sugar held under the tongue for quick     India's leaders are determined to save lives in Africa by providing medical education and better
                                                                                  health care through a hi-tech project
life-saving absorption is a “child-friendly” emergency remedy, according to the
Swiss-funded study of 23 children with severe malaria.
                                                                                  India has launched a hi-tech project it says will provide medical education and
                                                                                  better health care in Africa. Launched by Indian Foreign Minister Pranab
In the study, 14 children with severe malaria received water-moistened sugar
                                                                                  Mukherjee in Delhi, the project will at first connect 11 African countries with
every 20 minutes held under the tongue while nine others received glucose
                                                                                  India. Mr Mukherjee described the project as bridging the digital divide between
intravenously. Researchers found that the teaspoon of sugar worked as well as
the drip to increase blood sugar; among children who kept the sugar under their

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                         News Archive / March 2009

India and Africa. India is highly conscious of China's involvement in Africa and      Green driving is spreading (04-03-2009)
has announced a number of joint projects.

To start with, 11 African countries including Ethiopia, Senegal, Nigeria and
Ghana will be connected with India. By June eight more countries will be
covered and eventually the offices of 53 African heads of state will be linked.

The services will include virtual classes for medical staff and online medical

Patients in parts of rural Africa will soon be able to seek medical advice from
Indian doctors via satellite and fibre-optic link-ups. Nurses will get training and   'Autolib', the electric car that will fill up the streets of Paris and London, is expected to be no bigger
                                                                                      than a 'Smart' car
virtual classrooms will help around 10,000 African students annually get
specialised degrees from universities. Online medical consultations will be
provided every day for one hour to isolated hospitals.                                                Boris Johnson, London Mayor is planning an electric car hire
                                                                                                      scheme for London in which users pick up a battery-powered
                                                                                                      vehicle in one part of the city and drop it off in another.

                                                                                                   The Mayor said he wanted to make London a 'world leader' in the
                                                                                      promotion of the environmentally-friendly vehicles. He has also announced
                                                                                      plans to bring in 6,000 bicycles to the capital by next year.

                                                                                      The plan mirrors a Paris scheme which will be in place by the end of the year.
                                                                                      The "Autolib" car programme, modelled on a highly successful bicycle-hire
                                                                                      scheme, will see 4,000 electric cars sited across the French capital and its
                                                                                      suburbs which drivers will be able to use at any time.

                                                                                      The brainchild-of its Socialist mayor, Bertrand Delanoe, it will see some 700
                                                                                      pick-up points established across the city, with 200 underground.

                                                                                      Mr Delanoe has described the scheme as 'a system of individual journeys that
                                                                                      are completely clean'.

                                                                                      In Paris, prices of €200-€250 a month are being suggested to drive up to 60
                                                                                      miles a day. Mr Delanoe has already doubled the projected number of cars
                                                                                      from 2,000 to 4,000 and expanded the target area beyond the ring road. The
                                                                                      electric cars are expected to be no bigger than Smart cars.

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                  News Archive / March 2009

                                                                                      "At the moment there is plenty of water in the big cities. But it is hard to say how
                                                                                      long it will last," said He Yuanqing, a glaciologist at Careeri. "On one hand,
                                                                                      global warming is accelerating the melt. But on the other, it is increasing
                                                                                      rainfall, so we need a way to store the extra water."

China’s glaciers are melting (04-03-2009)

                                                                                      Recycle on award points (04-03-2009)
'The roof of the world' is slowly melting

                China is planning to build 59 reservoirs to collect water from its
                shrinking glaciers as the cost of climate change hits home in the
                world's most populous country.

             The far western province of Xinjiang, home to many of the planet's
highest peaks and widest ice fields, will carry out the 10-year engineering
project, which aims to catch and store glacier run-off that might otherwise trickle
away into the desert. In the first phase, 29 reservoirs will be built with a          The new trial programme suggests that householders should be rewarded for every recycling effort
combined capacity of 21.8 billion cubic metres of water, according to the
Xinhua news agency.                                                                              The trial programme by the Royal Borough of Windsor and
                                                                                                 Maidenhead will see householders accumulate reward points for
About 80% of the glaciers in the Tian (Heaven) range have declined, though                       recycling which can then be redeemed in local shops and
increased precipitation has also led a small number to expand.                                   businesses.The council hopes the scheme will cut its landfill tax
                                                                                                 bill, as well as generating rewards for residents and boosting the
To deal with the consequences, Xinjiang will set aside 200m yuan (£20m) for           local economy.
each of the next three years. The worst affected area in China is the Tibetan
plateau, often described as "the roof of the world". Last month, Chinese              The pilot will use wheelie bins fitted with an identification tag which identifies
scientists warned that glaciers on the plateau had lost 989 million cubic metres      the household the bin belongs to, using an automatic reader on the refuse
over the past 40 years and were continuing to melt at a "worrying speed". They        vehicles.When the recycling bin is collected, it will be weighed and a
added that ice fields had shrunk by 196 sq kilometres, equivalent to a quarter of     corresponding amount of points will be allocated to the household.
New York city.

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                             News Archive / March 2009

There will be a maximum number of redeemable points to prevent abuse of the                   spotted it about 40 to 50 times in the time since the original sighting as it has
system, for example residents generating extra rubbish for recycling to get                   apparently taken up residence with its family in the Calcasieu Ship Channel.
                                                                                              Since it was spotted with its pod of normal coloured dolphins last year the
The scheme will be run in conjunction with Recyclebank, which runs a similar                  animal has been wowing visitors on the lake.
reward scheme in the US, and the council's waste contractors Veolia.

                                                                                              Cell phone for the hearing impaired (04-03-2009)
A rare pink dolphin (04-03-2009)

The rare albino dolphin has been spotted by excited visitors to Lake Calcasieu in Louisiana

                                                                                              The new cell phone is ideal for the hearing -impaired as it translates sound waves into vibrations
This is the picture of a rare pink bottlenose dolphin spotted swimming in a
Louisiana lake.
                                                                                              Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s (MIT) are
                                                                                              working on a new generation of tactile devices, which could be an important
The mammal was pictured by local charter boat captain Erik Rue, who has                       tool for deaf people who rely on lip reading and can't use or can't afford
been studying the dolphin since it first surfaced in Lake Calcasieu, an inland                cochlear implants, especially in developing countries. Lip reading is a critical
saltwater estuary, north of the Gulf of Mexico in Southwestern USA.Capt Rue                   means of communication for many deaf people, but it has a drawback: certain
originally saw the dolphin, which also has reddish eyes, swimming with a pod of               consonants (for example, p and b) can be nearly impossible to distinguish by
four other dolphins, with one appearing to be its mother which never left its                 sight alone. MIT’s researches say the software they are developing could be
side.'I had never seen anything like it. It's the same colour throughout the whole            compatible with current smart phones, allowing such devices to be transformed
body and it looks like it just came out of a paint booth. The dolphin appears to              into unobtrusive tactile aids for the deaf, translating sound waves into vibrations
be healthy and normal other than its colouration, which is quite beautiful.                   that can be felt by the skin, conveying nuances of speech that can't be gleaned
                                                                                              from lip reading.
'The mammal is entirely pink from tip to tail and has reddish eyes indicating it's
albinism. The skin appears smooth, glossy pink and without flaws. I have

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                                                                                   Hopes rise for African children (05-03-2009)
Sos for the whales in Tasmania (04-03-2009)

Hundreds of pilot whales and dolphins have beached themselves in Tasmania
                                                                                   Pneumococcal diseases account for almost 350 out of every 100,000 infant deaths below the age
Rescuers are trying to save dozens of pilot whales after almost 200 beached        of one in South Africa
themselves on an island near Australia's southern state of Tasmania, with
many already dead.                                                                 South Africa is set to become the first country in Africa to provide its children
                                                                                   with a life-saving vaccine that experts say could prevent the deaths of an
Rescuers said only 54 of the 194 pilot whales who stranded themselves on           estimated 5.4 million children globally in the next two decades. Children are the
King Island, between Tasmania and the Australian mainland, were still alive.       main victims of pneumococcal diseases such as meningitis and pneumonia,
                                                                                   and those who survive are often left intellectually impaired, suffer hearing loss
But wildlife authorities were confident that those who had survived the beaching   or a legacy of seizures.
could be saved. Seven dolphins also beached themselves.
                                                                                   At the opening of this year's Regional Pneumococcal Symposium in
"It's amazing, some will some die straight away, some will survive for days.       Johannesburg, South Africa's deputy minister of health, Molefi Sefularo, said a
These are fairly robust animals, pilot whales, we experienced that in the past"    new breed of pneumococcal vaccine - known as a conjugate pneumococcal
Chris Arthur from Tasmania's Parks and Wildlife Service said.Arthur said more      vaccine - would become available in the public health system in April 2009.
than 150 local people were helping parks officials in trying to refloat the
surviving whales from a flat stretch of sand at Naracoopa beach and shepherd       South Africa would also be the first country in the developing world to self-
them back to sea, where a large number of whales were still milling in a pod.      finance introduction of the vaccine, despite its hefty price tag. Dr Shabir Madhi,
                                                                                   Principal Investigator and Deputy Director of the Pneumonococal Diseases
                                                                                   Research Unit at Witwatersrand University, said the new vaccine was expected
                                                                                   to cost an extra US$70 million on top of the $10 million the country already
                                                                                   spent annually on vaccinating its children.

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EU tackles the gender pay gap (05-03-2009)

                                                                                            Immorality has a rotten taste (05-03-2009)

The gender pay gap represents the difference between average hourly pay for women and men
before tax across the economy as a whole

The European Commission has launched an EU-wide campaign to help tackle
the gender pay gap. Across the EU economy, women earn on average 17.4%
less than men. The simple concept of 'equal pay for work of equal value' is at
the heart of the campaign being launched in the context of International
Women's Day on 8 March to raise awareness of the pay gap, its causes, and
how to tackle it.

Equal pay for equal work is one of the European Union’s founding principles.
"Simple and visible" cases of direct discrimination – differences in pay when a
man and a woman are doing exactly the same job, with the same experience
and skills, and same performance – have fallen a lot thanks to the effectiveness
of European and national legislation on equal pay. The pay gap also reduces
women's lifetime earnings and pensions causing poverty in later life. 21% of
women aged 65 and over are at risk of poverty compared to 16% of men.
                                                                                            The emotion of disgust is caused by similar triggers across different human societies, pointing to
Meanwhile, a new expert report prepared for the Commission confirms that                    deep evolutionary roots
women are also highly under-represented in economic decision-making and in
European politics. The central banks of all 27 EU Member States are led by a                According to the findings of a team of psychologists in Canada, disgust was
male governor. The under-representation of women at the top level is                        important to the evolution of morality, while our sense of what is ethical is
heightened in big business where men account for nearly 90% of the board                    based not only on reasoning but powerful gut reactions as well. The origins of
members in leading companies (constituents of the blue-chip index in each                   morality lie in the disgust that makes us avoid rotting food and other health
country) - a figure which has barely improved in recent years.                              hazards, according to research that explains why injustice is said to leave a bad
                                                                                            taste in the mouth.

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Scientists, from Toronto University, have discovered that the involuntary            One out of ten bird species threatened by climate
emotional reaction that keeps us away from sources of infection also prompts
us to uphold moral standards and to shun those who do not. The results,              change (05-03-2009)
published in the journal Science, suggest that the powerful emotion of disgust
was co-opted to drive morality, as systems of ethical standards became
advantageous to human societies.

Disgust is a universal emotion that is thought to have evolved to promote
survival. The things that we find revolting, such as rotting food, faeces, corpses
and open wounds, are potent sources of germs, and the sense of abhorrence
that they invoke helps to ensure that we stay away from them.

                                                                                     The study compared the change in population numbers of bird species over the last two decades
                                                                                     with the projected change in their ranges and found a strong link

                                                                                     Climate change is already having an impact on European bird species,
                                                                                     according to British scientists. Rising temperatures could make almost one in
                                                                                     ten bird species in Britain extinct by the end of the century. As the climate
                                                                                     changes, the traditional habitat and food sources of some birds are being lost,
                                                                                     changing the areas in which they can survive. Some birds are expected to do
                                                                                     well as temperatures rise, but these are in the minority, the researchers write.
                                                                                     The researchers found birds that are expected to do well as temperatures rise
                                                                                     had indeed increased in number since the 1980s. But some 75% of species
                                                                                     studied by the researchers had declined in the same period

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"Overall, the trend is towards net loss," said a spokesman for the Royal Society     1/3 of Karpathos now ‘protected” (05-03-2009)
for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), which contributed to the study. According to
the scientists around 20 of our 220 bird species will be wiped out. The scientists
developed a measure, which they call the climate change indicator, to describe
how changes in temperature are affecting species. The study by the RSPB and
experts at Durham University, makes its prediction based on a model of climatic
change which projects a rise in global average temperature of about 3C by
2100 since pre-industrial times.

                                                                                     N. Karpathos and Saria, constitutes one of the most important areas for the species of seal monk in
                                                                                     the Mediterranean region

                                                                                                    After the common ministerial decision of the Greek Minister for the
                                                                                                    Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works, Mr. Giorgos
                                                                                                    Souflias, both the land and the marine area of the Greek islands of
                                                                                                    Karpathos and Saria are being declared as “Eco-development area
                                                                                                    of Olympus Mountain in Karpathos Island”. The protected area is
                                                                                     extended over 155.000.000 m2 (the land area amounts to 102.000.000 m2,
                                                                                     while the marine area to 53.000.000 m2). The area features a complex of land
                                                                                     and marine ecosystems, some of the widest in Europe, which constitutes home
                                                                                     for many fauna and flora species, such as monachus-monachus seal monks,
                                                                                     species of birds (bee-eaters, Coracias garrulous, Falco eleonorae and Larus
                                                                                     audouinii) and submarine fields called Posidonia oceanica. Scientific
                                                                                     researches, visits aiming at environmental education, alternative tourism,
                                                                                     organization and operation of diving parks as well as conservation and
                                                                                     modernization of the current structures are being allowed in the protected area.
                                                                                     On the other hand, storage and trafficking of liquids, the use of petrochemicals
                                                                                     and chemical products, as well as the disposal of inert materials, urban and
                                                                                     industrial litters are no longer allowed in the area.

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                                                                                     elicits pro-social regard more than a stranger who resembles a close family
                                                                                     member - even one as close as our identical twin, who is, incidentally,
                                                                                     genetically identical."

Similars attract (05-03-2009)

                                                                                     LA overfloaded by “green” lights (05-03-2009)

The more someone looks like us the more likely we are to help them, scientist find

We feel more altruistic to those who resemble us because in the past our early
ancestors assumed that they were related, according to a study. The instinct
dates back to when there were no mirrors and people could learn what their kin
looked like only by inspecting the faces of household members. The study,
published in Biology Letters, even found that we were more naturally drawn to        The new LED streetlight units are more durable and damage-resistant than other technologies,
                                                                                     greatly reducing the City’s maintenance costs and providing more reliable lighting for City residents
people who looked like us than our own relatives, if the resemblance was
strong enough. The researchers came to the conclusion after a study of 70
identical adult twins who, although genetically the same, had over the years                        In a partnership between the Clinton Climate Initiative and the City
grown to look different from each other. Then they manipulated the                                  of Los Angeles, President Bill Clinton and Mayor Antonio
photographs of the participants by digitally mixing them with a model's face so                     Villaraigosa announced the largest LED (light-emitting diode) green
that the images would either resemble them or their co-twin. Then they asked                        street light program ever undertaken by a city, which will reduce
each one who they would prefer to rescue from danger and which one they                             CO2 emissions by 40,500 tons and save $10 million annually.
would prefer a different sex sibling to marry. In each case, the person most
resembling themselves was preferred almost two thirds of the time –                  "With the green street light program, we are lighting the way to a greener LA,"
significantly higher than being down to chance alone. Dr Paola Bressan, of the       Mayor Villaraigosa said. "Reducing LA’s contribution to global warming will
University of Padova, Italy, said: "Our work shows a stranger who resembles us

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                    News Archive / March 2009

bring multiple benefits to Angelenos; we’ll save money on energy costs and         intimacy with loved ones. Professor George Vaillant, a psychiatrist at Harvard
reduce our dependence on fossil fuels."                                            Medical School, has been director of the Study of Adult Development since
                                                                                   1965, which has tracked the lives of 824 men and women for the last 44 years.
The green street light program will replace 140,000 of the City’s traditional      Professor Vaillant, based at the Harvard University Health Service, said:
street lights with environmentally friendly LED lights: providing a 40% energy     "People think of anger as a terribly dangerous emotion and are encouraged to
savings, reducing maintenance and energy costs, and reducing carbon dioxide        practise 'positive thinking', but we find that approach is self-defeating and
emissions by 40,500 tons per year – the equivalent of taking 6,700 cars off the    ultimately a damaging denial of dreadful reality. "Negative emotions such as
road.Currently, the City’s 140,000 street lights use 168 gigawatt hours of         fear and anger are inborn and are of tremendous importance. Negative
electricity at an annual cost of $15 million, emitting 120,000 metric tons of      emotions are often crucial for survival: careful experiments such as ours have
carbon dioxide.                                                                    documented that negative emotions narrow and focus attention so we can
                                                                                   concentrate on the trees instead of the forest."

Express yourselves (05-03-2009)

Expressing anger is the key to success

A new study by the Harvard Study of Adult Development found that those who
keep a check on their frustrations are at least three times more likely to admit
they have disappointing personal lives and have hit a glass ceiling in their

But those who let their anger out in a constructive manner were more likely to
be professionally well-established, as well as enjoy emotional and physical

                                                                                                                                                    Page 19 of 91
Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                      News Archive / March 2009

Amnesty International marks Women’s Day (06-03-                                                     Monday, March 9: The International Amnesty will take part in the event
                                                                                                    organized by Attiko Metro S.A., at the Event Hall of Syntagma Metro Station, at
2009)                                                                                               11:00. Office hours: 09:00 – 22:00.


                                                                                                    Monday, March 9: The local group of Thessalonica organizes a literary/music
                                                                                                    event, entitled “Images, words, sounds of War”, at Museum Café Bar (Katouni
                                                                                                    & Mitropoleos str.), at 19:00.


                                                                                                    Sunday, March 9: the local group of Chania will be collecting signatures for the
                                                                                                    cases of seven activists, who were persecuted for their action, at the Old Port,
                                                                                                    from 12:00 p.m.

IWD is a global day celebrating the economic, political and social achievements of women past,
present and future. In some countries like China, Russia, Vietnam and Bulgaria, IWD is a national

On the occasion of the International Woman’s Day (8 March), the Hellenic
Department of the International Amnesty organizes a number of events in
Athens, Thessalonica and Chania.


Sunday, March 8: Poster exhibition at Herakleidon Museum (16 Irakleidon str.,
Thiseio). The exhibits are part of the exhibition entitled “Almost always the
creative dedicated minority has made the world better”. Office hours: 11:00 –
19:00. Entrance free.

Film screenings on the subject “Women as positive vehicle for social change”,
at Chororoes theatre (16 Iakchou str. Gazi), at 18:00. Entrance free. The event
features the following films (with English subtitles): The Women of Kibera,
Women of the favela, Women of Liberia: Fighting for Peace.

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Child drawings spoke the truth (06-03-2009)                                                        It also helped to step up international pressure, presenting world leaders with
                                                                                                   the largest petition to emerge from Eastern Africa, signed by more than 60,000
                                                                                                   Darfuris who had taken refuge in Chadian camps on the border of Sudan and
                                                                                                   who were appealing for an end to the atrocities. Many witness accounts
                                                                                                   collected by the charity were gathered through drawings. A researcher, Anna
                                                                                                   Schmitt, spent three weeks among the refugees and gave the children paper
                                                                                                   and pencils, asking them to depict their strongest memories. They showed
                                                                                                   attacks on their villages by Sudanese government forces and the Janjawid,
                                                                                                   including adult men being killed, women being shot, beaten and taken prisoner,
                                                                                                   babies being thrown on fires and government helicopters and planes bombing

This picture by Mohamat shows another village attack. Next to each civilian who has been shot is
the word "Morts", which means dead people in French

The issuing of an arrest warrant for Sudan’s President on charges of war
crimes and of crimes against humanity was a landmark for the International
Criminal Court. The was welcomed widely across the international human rights
community and nowhere less than at Waging Peace,,
the small London-based charity that focuses on atrocities in Africa and in
particular in Darfur. Rebecca Tinsley, its chairwoman, said that the charity
regretted that the court had stopped short of accusing al-Bashir of genocide but
it welcomed the ICC’s acknowledgement of the role that the Sudanese
President had “played in bringing death and destruction to Darfur”. The group
has been instrumental in assembling evidence of the atrocities in Darfur, where
the UN estimates that 300,000 people have died in the six-year conflict, and
millions of people have been displaced, now living in camps near Darfur’s main
towns. Al-Bashir puts the death toll at 10,000. Last year Waging Peace
submitted more than 500 children’s pictures of the genocide that were accepted
by the court as contextual evidence to be used in any trial of al-Bashir as well
as those of the so-called humanitarian minister, Ahmed Haroun, and the militia
leader, Ali Kushayb, who have both been indicted previously.

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2G–Multicultural Festival (06-03-2009)                                                   the 2nd generation immigrants face in Greece, a theatrical performance by the
                                                                                         theatrical company "Ypo to Miden" and music concerts. Entrance is free.

                                                                                         Crisis will now hit the poor (06-03-2009)

The festival's poster

Mediterranean SOS Network has announced the launch of the 2G –
Multicultural Festival which is to be held on March 7 & 8 at Technopolis of
Athens Municipality. The Festival, which is part of the European Program
LAUTC (Learning About Us Through Culture), is the closing event of a cultural            "After hitting first the advanced economies and then the emerging economies, a third wave from the
programme already run in 5 European countries (Italy, Britain, France,                   global financial crisis is now hitting the world's poorest and most vulnerable countries," the head of
                                                                                         the IMF, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, says.
Germany, Greece). Multicultural dialogue and communication between
European youth is in the chore of the event. The festival presents pictures that
depict different aspects of the same city aiming to bring closer people of               The world's poorest countries are beginning to be hit by the global financial
different origins who coexist in Athens. Second generation immigrants are                crisis, warns the International Monetary Fund (IMF). And they are likely to need
invited to express in art their integration difficulties and their city life             $25bn (£18bn) in additional financing this year, the organisation says. The IMF
experiences.                                                                             describes it as the "third wave" of the downturn; after first affecting the
                                                                                         advanced and then the emerging economies. And it is calling on donor
                                                                                         countries not to cut back on their support. In a new report, the IMF says poor
The festival will include a photography exhibition titled ''My city'', in order to put   countries face greater exposure to the current crisis because they are more
on the different ways of life in Athens, but also an exhibition with the results of      integrated into the international economy than they used to be.
art workshops that took place at the multicultural schools of Athens.
Furthermore, there will be morning workshops for children, afternoon
discussions on the issues of the daily round and the integration difficulties that       They are likely to feel the impact through a downturn in trade and falls in foreign
                                                                                         investment and remittances - money sent home by people working abroad, the

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fund adds. The report says more than 20 countries, half of them in Sub-                            More information at Hellenic Society for the Protection of the Nature, ph.: 210-
Saharan Africa, are particularly vulnerable. It warns that if "global growth and                   3224944, 210-3314563.
financing conditions deteriorate further, the number of vulnerable countries
could almost double". And that would increase the additional amount of money
countries need towards $140bn, the study predicts.

                                                                                                   Lex Nokia (06-03-2009)

The green key of tourism (06-03-2009)

                                                                                                   Before examining traffic data to find proof of wrongdoing, an IT service provider would have to
                                                                                                   inform a data protection ombudsman, but permission would not be required

                                                                                                   Finland's parliament on Wednesday adopted a controversial new law that will
                                                                                                   give employers the right to monitor employees' emails when wrongdoing is
                                                                                                   suspected. The bill was approved by 96 of 200 lawmakers, while 56 voted
To obtain TheGreenKey companies have to fullfil a long list of environmental requirements. These
requirements are contained in a number of criteria. Besides pure environmental demands, the
criteria inclide demands on policy and actionplans                                                 The data retention law, dubbed "Lex Nokia", has been hotly debated in the
                                                                                                   Nordic country in recent weeks, especially after a report that mobile phone
              An innovative program on alternative, eco-tourism, called Green                      giant Nokia had threatened to leave Finland unless the bill was introduced.
              Key, will be soon run in Greece.                                                     Nokia has denied making such claims. The new law would also allow schools,
                                                                                                   libraries and telecommunication operators that provide information networks to
            The Green Key is an international eco-label for companies within                       monitor what people do on their computers. They would not be allowed to read
            tourism: hotels, youth hostels, conference and holiday centres,                        emails however, but could for example check if an employee had sent an email
campsites, holidayhouses, leisure facilities and restaurants. To obtain                            with attachments to a competitor.
TheGreenKey the company has to fulfil a list of environmental requirements.

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Many legal experts and electronic rights activists have criticised the law, saying   Researcher Nancy Henry, from the University of Utah, said the team had
the criteria defining when traffic data could be monitored are too vague and it is   expected to find that negative aspects of a bad marriage, such as arguing and
unlikely to prevent company secrets from leaking.                                    being angry, would translate into both mental and physical problems for both

Strained marriages harm women (06-03-2009)
                                                                                     Leaders with big carbon footprint (06-03-2009)

Rowings between a couple harm women more

Women are more likely than men to suffer damage to their health from being in
a strained marriage, research suggests. US psychologists found wives in tense
marriages were prone to risk factors for heart disease, stroke and diabetes. In
comparison, husbands seemed relatively immune from such problems. Details
of the study, based on 276 couples who had been married for an average of 20         The authors of the study concluded that Mr. Brown deserves the title of “the least green” in part
years were presented to the American Psychosomatic Society.                          because of his heavy reliance on Boeing 747, 757 and 777 aircraft

Each couple filled out questionnaires designed to assess the good and bad            The spotlight falls on prominent European presidents and prime ministers.
aspects of married life.                                                             Terra Eco, a French environmental Web site and magazine, named British
                                                                                     Prime Minister Gordon Brown as the winner of its first award for European
They were also rated for how depressed they appeared to be, based on their           leaders who proclaim concern about climate change, but who also generate
self-reported symptoms. Women in strained marriages were more likely to be           significant carbon emissions themselves.
depressed and to have a greater number of symptoms of metabolic syndrome.
But although husbands in unhappy marriages were also depressed, they did             According to Terra Eco, in 2008 Mr. Brown generated a larger carbon footprint
not show signs of physiological damage to their health.                              than German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and

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Spanish Prime Minister José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero. Mr. Brown was                                    feeding and reproduction for more than 1,200 marine species. In this
responsible for the equivalent of 8,400 tons of CO2 from domestic and                                 framework, Greenpeace activists arrived in the Cyclades island group in the
international plane travel, according to the publication, which based its                             southern Aegean, last June, to begin charting the areas of sea grass meadows
calculations on information from other journalists and aviation experts. Mrs.                         with the assistance of local fishermen and specialist researchers.
Merkel placed second with 7,400 tons, followed by Mr. Sarkozy with 7,100 tons
and Mr. Zapatero with 6,700 tons. Terra Eco said it did the study on these                            Purpose of this effort is the creation of a shelter in the area of Cyclades Islands,
leaders because they were defenders of ecological causes. “A bit of                                   where fishing will be prohibited, while Greenpeace also intends to cover the
transparency about the carbon generated by our elected officials” was due, the                        40% of the marine area with a network of shelters. ''The fact that the local
magazine’s editors said.                                                                              fishermen are willing not to fish in the area, constitutes the basis of our efforts'',
                                                                                                      highlights Mr. Dimitris Zannes, chairman of the South Aegean fishermen. “We
                                                                                                      understand Posidonia Oceanica is for us as important as the forests for the
                                                                                                      woodsmen are. However, we need, at this moment, the support of the State.”

                                                                                                      According to scientists, Posidonia meadows provide shelter and a site for
                                                                                                      feeding and reproduction for more than 1,200 marine species. Like the forests
                                                                                                      on land, so the Posidonia meadows trap carbon dioxide, helping to counteract
                                                                                                      the greenhouse gas phenomenon, and produce what is most important to our
S. Aegean posidonia protected by fishermen (09-03-                                                    life: oxygen.

The charting of Posidonia Oceanica in the area of Cyclades wil contribute a lot to the preservation
of the area's marine life

               The local fishermen in the area of Southern Aegean, in cooperation
               with Greenpeace activists, are making some efforts in order to
               protect the sea grass meadows of the area, known as Posidonia
               Oceanica. Posidonia meadows provide shelter and a site for

                                                                                                                                                                             Page 25 of 91
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Mass Media and children (09-03-2009)

                                                                               A fest for volunteerism (09-03-2009)

                                                                               Volunteerism tightens the bonds of society
The poster of the press conference
                                                                               The Greek Movement of Volunteerism Organisations organizes, for the eighth
The presentation of a Journalist’s Guide entitled “Mass Media and Children’s   consecutive year, an open one-day event aimed at raising public awareness on
Rights” took place on Thursday 5th March 2009, at the Press Centre of the      the idea of volunteerism and its virues. The 8th one-day event will take place on
General Secretariat of Communication & Information (11 Fragkoudi & Al.         May 16th, 2009, at the mall of Apostolou Pavlou str. in Thiseio (opposite the
Pantou str, Kallithea), by the Greek Minister of Interior, Mr. Prokopis        train station). The event features presentations, exhibitions and activities for
Pavlopoulos, the Chairman of the Hellenic National Committee of UNICEF, Mr.    children.
Lampros Kanellopoulos and the Chairman of the Journalists' Union of Athens
Daily Newspapers (J.U.A.D.N.), Mr. Panos Sompolos.                             The wide range of activities, the appropriate chosen space and the participation
                                                                               of NGOs active in different fields brings visitors closer to the organisations and
Purpose of the Journalist’s Guide is to help Mass Media Professionals better   give notices of their voluntary work, their ideas and their love for volunteerism.
understand the matter of children’s rights and to suggest ideas in order to
promote the issue through the written and web press.                           NGOs interested to entoll should complete and send the application form (by
                                                                               fax or mail) till March the 15th. For further information, call at 210-8677872 &
The Guide features presentation of different subjects on Children’s Rights,    6979-362166.
based on UN Convention on Children’s Rights, offering, at the same time,
useful information on how this matter can be approached by journalists.

                                                                                                                                                    Page 26 of 91
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Starlight Reserve (09-03-2009)                                                                       Future climate change refugees will find host in
                                                                                                     Great Britain (09-03-2009)

A Starlight Reserve is a site where a commitment to defend the night sky quality and the access to
                                                                                                     Britain could be one high rise city by the end of the century due to the number of migrants who will
starlight has been established
                                                                                                     move there because their own countries have become too hot, scientists have predicted

The small town of Tekapo, New Zealand is lighting up the nighttime sky -                                          If the world warms by an average of 4 degrees Celsius in the next
naturally. The community of just over 800 people is already attracting astro                                      100 years, the worse case scenario suggested in certain climate
tourists seeking to revel in what many hope will become the world's first                                         change models, it is expected many areas in the south of the world
starlight reserve. The town is waiting on UNESCO's official approval.                                             will become too dry to support human life. James Lovelock, who
                                                                                                                  developed the "Gaia" theory which sees the Earth as a self-
''It's awesome, I mean it's like beyond words," says Simon Venvoort, 46, a                                        regulating "superorganism", said people from these countries will
management consultant from Amsterdam. "You see so much you aren't aware                              come to countries like Britain as "climate change refugees". He said
of." "You know that two generations now are growing up not being aware that                          infrastructure will have to be built to support the increase in population including
all this is out there because ... half of the world is light-polluted."                              more housing, hospitals and schools.

It's estimated that about one fifth of the world's population and more than two-                     "Because we will be one of the life boat nations we should be preparing for a
thirds in the U.S. cannot see the Milky Way from their homes.                                        flood of people who will be refugees from climate change even from Europe,"
                                                                                                     he said.
The "starlight reserve" idea germinated in UNESCO in 2005. Tekapo, in the
McKenzie Basin of South Island, was already on its own track, seeking what                           "The nation is already a large city and it will become even larger, with that will
locals were calling their "park in the sky." So Tekapo was suggested as a pilot                      come the need to support people. We do not want starving refugees - that will
site because of its haze-free sky and lighting controls already in place.                            be worse - so we have to spend a lot of money on infrastructure." His
                                                                                                     comments were supported by a number of scientists writing in the New
                                                                                                     Scientist, some of whom said the human race may not even survive the
                                                                                                     increase in temperatures.

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                                                                                                        Horses tamed earlier than scientists previously
                                                                                                        thought (09-03-2009)

Twin black holes dancing (09-03-2009)

A black hole rips apart two companion stars in this private commission. The cores of two red giant
stars spiral toward destruction. Sputtering explosions of infalling gas are blasted into space as the
three objects dance around their ever-shifting center of mass

Researchers have seen the best evidence yet for a pair of black holes orbiting
each other within the same galaxy. While such "binary systems" have been                                Horse milk is still drunk in Kazakhstan, usually fermented into an alcoholic drink known as koumiss
postulated before, none has ever been conclusively shown to exist. The new
black hole pair is dancing significantly closer than the prior best binary system                       Horses were domesticated much earlier than previously thought, according to a
candidate. The work, published in the journal Nature, is in line with the theory of                     team of researchers.
the growth of galaxies, each with a black hole at their centre.
                                                                                                        They found evidence suggesting that the animals were used by a culture in
The theory has it that as galaxies near one another, their central black holes                          northern Kazakhstan 5,500 years ago. Until now, the earliest evidence of horse
should orbit each other until merging together. But evidence for black holes                            riding was metal parts from harnesses dating from the Bronze Age. Writing in
nearing and orbiting has so far been scant.                                                             Science, a team from the UK's Exeter University suggested that the community
                                                                                                        in Kazakhstan rode their horses 1,000 years earlier. They also ate them and
As matter falls into black holes, it emits light of a characteristic colour that in                     drank their milk, possibly as an alcoholic brew. The researchers traced the
turn gives information about the direction in which the black hole is moving. In a                      origins of horse domestication to the Botai culture of Kazakhstan. Analysis of
binary system, two beams should be emitted, each a slightly different colour.                           ancient bones showed that the horses were a similar shape to domesticated
                                                                                                        horses from the Bronze Age. The team studied the remains for evidence of
                                                                                                        damage to their mouths and teeth caused by the riding bits used to harness the
                                                                                                        animals. The scientists also analysed the remains of food and drink in pottery
                                                                                                        and traces of horse meat and milk.

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                                                                                         types - clam shells were no better or worse in the study than candy bar form

Hospital finds doctors phones contaminated with
"Superbugs" (09-03-2009)
                                                                                         Children as unit of resistance (10-03-2009)

This is not the first time that mobile phones have been blamed for carrying infections

Researchers from the Faculty of Medicine at the Ondokuz Mayis University,                The artworks point to the power in children to resist and change the world
Turkey, tested the phones of doctors and nurses in hospital operating rooms
and intensive care units, and found that almost 95% were contaminated with               “Resist…” is the title of the visual exhibition which opened its gates on Monday
bacteria of different types, potentially causing infections ranging from relatively      9th March 2009, at the Technopolis of Athens Municipality, organized by the
minor skin complaints to life-threatening illness. access journal Annals of              Hellenic National Commission of UNICEF, with the support of “Technopolis”
Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials describes how mobile phones used by             and the Prefecture of Athens. The exhibition takes place under the aegis of
healthcare workers may be a source of hospital-acquired infections. Only 10%             Athens Municipality, featuring the participation of 40 Greek artists, who
of staff regularly cleaned their phone. According to the authors, "Our results           represent three different generations since the Second World War.
suggest cross-contamination of bacteria between the hands of healthcare
workers and their mobile phones. These mobile phones could act as a reservoir            The exhibits’ artworks feature the cruelties and hardships of our world pointing
of infection which may facilitate patient-to-patient transmission of bacteria in a       to the epidemics, wars, terrorism, human trafficking and all the problems faced
hospital setting".                                                                       by the developed and developing world. Children of today are the only way to
                                                                                         fight all this evil back. The art-historian and art-critic Mrs. Dora Iliopoulou-
This is not the first time that mobile phones have been blamed for carrying              Rogan has undertaken the coordination of the exhibition. Livanis Publication
infections though - as a similar study carried out in 2006 at the Craigavon Area         have issued an illustrated catalogue featuring passages written by the
Hospital Group Trust in Northern Ireland also found the majority of phones               participants artists, in the framework of the exhibition. Office hours: 10:00 –
carried infectious bacteria. There was no significant difference between phone           21:00. Entrance is free.

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                                                                                    also said that they were displaced at least once since 2003. A third said they
                                                                                    had received no humanitarian assistance over the past five years while 76
                                                                                    percent of those who were widows said they had received no governmental
                                                                                    support. The 19-page survey also found that a quarter of the women surveyed
                                                                                    had no daily access to potable water while half cited difficulties in getting
                                                                                    access to quality healthcare in 2008 compared to 2006 and 2007.

Iraqi women suffering ‘’silent emergency’’ (10-03-                                  In light of the report, Hanaa Adward, head of Baghdad-based al-Amal, called on
2009)                                                                               the government to adopt an immediate and effective strategy for women to
                                                                                    save “the country’s future generations”. She suggested that the strategy include
                                                                                    finding jobs for unemployed young women and for widows so that they can be
                                                                                    productive and active elements of society. Most importantly, Adward said,
                                                                                    would be the establishment of a higher women’s commission with sufficient
                                                                                    state financial support to identify and resolve women-related problems.

Grief and pain is written all over Iraqi women's faces

Marking International Women’s Day on 8 March a new survey has painted a
grim picture for Iraqi women who it says are suffering a “silent emergency” as
they endure insecurity, poverty and a lack of basic services. Entitled “In Her
Own Words: Iraqi women talk about their greatest concerns and challenges”,
the survey was conducted in 2008 by aid agency Oxfam International in
cooperation with the Iraqi women’s NGO al-Amal. It surveyed 1,700 women
from five provinces: Baghdad, Ninevah, Basra, Kirkuk and Najaf.

The survey found that continuing insecurity has devastated women’s physical
wellbeing and greatly restricted their day-to-day lives. About 60 percent of
respondents said security was their number one concern, despite an
improvement in security since mid-2007. Some 55 percent said that they were
directly or indirectly victims of violence since the US-led invasion in 2003 that
toppled the government of former president Saddam Hussein. Fifty-five percent

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One love lowers infection rate (10-03-2009)                                                           less mired in controversy than its sluggish treatment response, but the lack of
                                                                                                      leadership on HIV/AIDS from former president Thabo Mbeki and his health
                                                                                                      minister, Manto Tshabalala-Msimang, contributed to a fragmented approach.
                                                                                                      Successful prevention responses in other countries, such as Uganda's "zero-
                                                                                                      grazing" campaign, have been characterized by a unified approach that
                                                                                                      drummed home a single, clear message. In South Africa, a lack of coordination
                                                                                                      led to various worthy efforts that failed to slow the country's staggering rate of
                                                                                                      1,500 new HIV infections a day in 2005, according to the Human Sciences
                                                                                                      Research Council (HSRC).

                                                                                                      Death penalty: A question of cost (10-03-2009)

The ''One Love'' campaign aims to get youth thinking and talking about its sexual behaviour in this
time of HIV and AIDS

2009 might just be the year that HIV prevention finally takes centre stage in
South Africa. Years of workshops and speeches in which AIDS experts and
politicians talked about the need to prioritise prevention are, at last, translating
into action. The 'Scrutinize' campaign, which uses hip, animated characters to                        Death penalty has been a matter of active controversy in various countries
urge the youth to scrutinize their HIV risk behaviours, started in late 2008, and
January saw the launch of South Africa's contribution to the OneLove campaign                         After decades of moral arguments reaching biblical proportions, after long,
- a regional, five-year initiative spanning nine countries. The difference between                    twisted journeys to the USA's highest court and back, the death penalty may be
these campaigns and South Africa's previous prevention efforts lies in the                            abandoned by several states for a reason having nothing to do with right or
degree of partnership and the consistency of their messages.                                          wrong: Money. Turns out, it is cheaper to imprison killers for life than to execute
                                                                                                      them, according to a series of recent surveys. Tens of millions of dollars
"I think there's a big move in South Africa to put prevention back on the agenda                      cheaper, politicians are learning, during a tumbling recession when nearly
and we're all on the same page, and I don't think we've ever had that before in                       every state faces job cuts and massive deficits.
this country," said Richard Delate, country programme director for Johns
Hopkins Health and Education in South Africa (JHHESA), the organisation                               So an increasing number of them are considering abolishing capital punishment
behind the Scrutinize campaign. South Africa's prevention efforts have been                           in favor of life imprisonment, not on principle but out of financial necessity. "It's

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10 times more expensive to kill them than to keep them alive," though most          Aid ban in Sudan (10-03-2009)
Americans believe the opposite, said Donald McCartin, a former California jurist
known as "The Hanging Judge of Orange County" for sending nine men to
death row.

Deep into retirement, he lost his faith in an eye for an eye and now speaks
against it. What changed a mind so set on the ultimate punishment? California's
legendarily slow appeals system, which produces an average wait of nearly 20
years from conviction to fatal injection - the longest in the nation. Of the nine
convicted killers McCartin sent to death row, only one has died. Not by
execution, but from a heart attack in custody. "Every one of my cases is bogged
up in the appellate system," said McCartin, who retired in 1993 after 15 years
on the bench.

"It's a waste of time and money," said the 82-year-old, self-described right-wing
Republican whose sonorous voice still commands attention. "The only thing it
does is prolong the agony of the victims' families."

                                                                                    Aid workers fear for Darfur camps after the ICC decision

                                                                                    UN pleads with Sudan over aid ban. The UN secretary general has urged
                                                                                    Sudan to rethink its decision to expel aid groups from its Darfur region. Ban Ki-
                                                                                    moon said the decision could cause "irrevocable damage" to the humanitarian
                                                                                    operations in Sudan. The order came after the International Criminal Court
                                                                                    (ICC) issued an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir over
                                                                                    alleged war crimes.

                                                                                    Aid agencies have expressed concern over the potential impact of the move on
                                                                                    thousands of displaced people. The African Union and Arab League have said
                                                                                    they will ask the UN to defer the warrant for a year, saying that arresting Mr
                                                                                    Bashir could derail attempts to bring stability to Sudan. A statement from Mr
                                                                                    Ban's office said the decision to expel 13 non-governmental organisations "will,
                                                                                    if implemented, cause irrevocable damage to humanitarian operations there".
                                                                                    "The operations of these agencies are key to maintaining a lifeline to 4.7m
                                                                                    Sudanese people who receive aid in Darfur," it said. The statement also
                                                                                    expressed concern about the safety and security of national and international
                                                                                    humanitarian workers in Sudan and their assets. "The confiscation of
                                                                                    equipment, money and other materials is unacceptable and must end

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immediately," it said, while stressing that the agencies involved affected had          one institution on Berlin's Museum Island remains unfinished. The Altes
acted "in a neutral and impartial manner".                                              Nationalgalerie was renovated in 2001 and work on the Bode Museum was
                                                                                        completed five years later. The Pergamon Museum and the Altes Museum are
Among the international aid groups ordered out of Darfur are Oxfam, Care,               due to be restored by 2026. "The opening marks an important day for the
Medecins Sans Frontieres and Save the Children UK. Sarah Jacobs of Save                 Museum Island but also for Berlin and the whole of Germany," Hermann
the Children Africa told the BBC that children in Sudan would suffer if the             Parzinger, head of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation which manages
charity was prevented from operating in the country.                                    regional museums, told reporters. The Neues Museum, which will open to the
                                                                                        public in October, will house the archaeological collections of the capital's
                                                                                        Egyptian Museum including the 3,400-year-old Egyptian bust of Nefertiti, which
"We support 50,000 children, trying to protect them from abuse, from physical
and sexual violence, trying to get them back into school," she said.                    will have its own hall. The island in the Spree River is located in what used to
                                                                                        be communist East Germany and was not the subject of major renovation until
                                                                                        the Berlin Wall fell 20 years ago. The renovation of the island's institutions has
                                                                                        cost about 1 billion euros and the government is slated to spend another 500
                                                                                        million on related projects by 2025. UNESCO named the Museum Island a
                                                                                        World Cultural Heritage site in 1999 and German officials have said that when
                                                                                        completed the site will rival Paris' Louvre.

Renovated Neues Museum (10-03-2009)

The 3,400-year-old Egyptian bust of Nefertiti will be hosted in Berlin's Neues Museum

After 11 years of renovation to repair damage from World War II, Berlin's Neues
Museum was unveiled Thursday, March 5. It will open to the public in October.
The German government spent 200 million euros ($251 million) on returning
the neoclassical building, which was erected on the city's renowned Museum
Island in 1847, to its former glory. "You can see that it's worth investing here
and making the Museum Island a focus of culture in Berlin," the city's Mayor
Klaus Wowereit said, adding that the building's completion represented "a great
day for culture around the world." With the Neues Museum's completion, only

                                                                                                                                                            Page 33 of 91
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Fifty years of Barbie (10-03-2009)                                                              young woman. The very first Barbie dolls wore a black and white swimsuit,
                                                                                                high-heeled sandals, and had the trademark high eyebrows. Although the
                                                                                                Barbie of today is more commonly known as a blonde, the first ones were also
                                                                                                available as brunettes. In their debut year, more than 300,000 were sold, at a
                                                                                                price of $3 each.

                                                                                                Younger fathers for smarter kids (10-03-2009)

The very first Barbie dolls wore a black and white swimsuit, high-heeled sandals, and had the
trademark high eyebrows

For a woman hitting fifty she's been through a lot. Many changes of career,
                                                                                                The research indicates that the older a dad is, his children do slightly worse in intelligence tests
including a run for US president, she's also been the subject of a number of
lawsuits. Despite all that, she's not got a wrinkle on her forehead or a single
grey hair. The children's doll Barbie celebrates her half-century on 9 March,                   The children of older dads produce lower scores on key intelligence measures,
2009. Parties will be taking place across the world to mark the occasion, and                   even after adjusting for socioeconomic status, a study has found. Queensland
the world's first store dedicated to the doll has been opened in Shanghai. A                    and US researchers analysed test results of more than 33,000 children in the
fixture in toy cupboards around the globe, Barbie has become more than just a                   US, born to fathers aged between 14 and 66. The tests included reasoning,
doll for young girls growing up.                                                                concentration, learning, memory and speaking and reading skills, at eight
                                                                                                months, four years and seven years. They found subtle impairments associated
                                                                                                with delayed fatherhood even after adjusting socioeconomic factors and the
An enduring cultural icon, she has also weathered much criticism and
                                                                                                mother's age.Lead author John McGrath said the results were "quite startling. It
controversy over the years.
                                                                                                was thought that the age of the father was less of a concern compared to the
                                                                                                age of the mother," he said." Now we are getting more evidence about the
Barbie Millicent Roberts was first introduced to the world in 1959 at the New                   offspring of older fathers, the age of the father could be more important than we
York Toy Fair. She was named after her creator Ruth Handler's daughter                          thought. The older a dad is, his children do slightly worse in intelligence tests."
Barbara. Ruth Handler had seen her child play with baby and toddler dolls, but                  Although the study does not pinpoint a cause, Professor McGrath, of the
at the time saw a gap in the American market for a toy which represented a                      University of Queensland, suggests sperm produced by older fathers contain

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more DNA errors, which are passed on to their children. "We can't say that for       warming, the slow, consensus-based nature of the process, meant more recent
sure, it's just a hunch," Professor McGrath said. He stressed the research           data was not included. But this meeting is happening outside the IPCC, so it will
should not be cause for alarm among older dads.                                      have the very latest estimates, and the scientists will not need to agree every
                                                                                     word with the political masters. This unfettered atmosphere is likely to produce
                                                                                     greater clarity about the scale of some very worrying trends, especially sea
                                                                                     level rise. The meeting is being organised by the University of Copenhagen. Its
                                                                                     prorector, Lykke Friis, said the scientists would be presenting and clarifying the
                                                                                     latest information, meaning political leaders would not have the excuse that
                                                                                     they needed more research before agreeing on a deal. As well as hearing from
                                                                                     scientists, the meeting will also look at the social and economic impacts of the
                                                                                     global rise in temperatures.
More bad news on climate change (11-03-2009)

The research has "severe implications" for low-lying cities, such as London

             More bad news on climate change is expected as more than 2,000
             climate scientists gather in Copenhagen. They will be trying to pull
             together the latest research on global warming ahead of political
             negotiations later in the year. The scientists are concerned that the
             2007 reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
(IPCC) are already out of date. Their data suggests greater rises in sea levels
this century. For the scientists gathering in the Danish capital, this meeting is
about removing as much wriggle room as possible from the political
negotiations on a new global climate treaty taking place in December. While the
IPCC reports of 2007 were praised for their recognition of the causes of global

                                                                                                                                                         Page 35 of 91
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Rape survivors need better emergency care – MSF                                         sexual violence - including male survivors, who often went unrecognised and
                                                                                        untreated - to report. "Our teams hear painful stories of horrible abuse every
(11-03-2009)                                                                            day," said Meinie Nicolai, operational director of MSF in Belgium. "There can be
                                                                                        no excuse for sexual violence, no matter how prevalent these violations may be
                                                                                        in some of the places where we work."

                                                                                        Sports Festival for the Blind in Iran to be held this
                                                                                        summer (11-03-2009)

Rape has been often used as a weapon of war

People who have suffered sexual violence in countries facing humanitarian
crises need much more accessible, comprehensive and confidential care than
is currently available, says a new report by the international medical charity,
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). "We find that the specific emergency care
needed for victims of rape is either very rare or completely absent in the
countries where we operate," said Thilde Knudsen, MSF's sexual and
reproductive health advisor. "The damage cannot be completely undone; some
level of psychological impact is likely to remain for life." In the report, Shattered
Lives, released on 5 March, ahead of International Women's Day on 8 March,
MSF highlights its experience with sexual violence in Burundi, Colombia, the
Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia and South Africa. As part of the                  The Islamic Republic of Iran Sports Federation for the Blind and visually impaired is responsible for
                                                                                        sports for the blind nationwide and it is presently active in 8 male sports
comprehensive care required for sexual violence victims MSF lists counselling,
post-exposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV-infection, treatment for other sexually
transmitted infections, such as Hepatitis-B, tetanus injections for those               The Iran Sports Federation for the Blind and Visually Impaired has announced
physically injured, and emergency contraception.                                        it will organise the 1st National Sports Festival for the Blind at the Dr. Ali
                                                                                        Shariati University Sports Complex in the capital city of Tehran. The dates for
With the right package of timely medical care, coupled with trauma counselling          the festival are July 31st to August 10th 2009, and the festival promises to be a
and social and legal support, the damage can be limited and the victim helped           huge event, with the participation of more than 1 600 blind and partially sighted
to survive," Knudsen stressed. MSF also said aggressive awareness-raising               athletes who will gather to compete in competitions in seven IBSA sports:
campaigns were necessary to break social taboos and encourage survivors of              goalball, judo, athletics, swimming, powerlifting, tandem cycling and futsal.

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Chess also features on the competition programme. For more information         They will not cut donations (11-03-2009)
please visit:

4th Open Swimming Tournament for Persons with
Disabilities (11-03-2009)                                                      The current financial downturn has imposed cuts in household's expenses

                                                                               Households will reduce large expenditure first, survey finds. People are less
                                                                               likely to cut back on giving to charity in the coming year than on eating out,
                                                                               clothes or weekly food shopping, according to the latest survey from think tank

                                                                               Thirty-four per cent of respondents said they would either 'definitely' or
                                                                               'probably' cut back on giving to charity in the next 12 months, but 64 per cent
                                                                               said they would cut back on eating out, 60 per cent would buy less clothing and
                                                                               52 per cent would spend less on the weekly food shop.

                                                                               NfpSynergy researcher Jonathan Baker said: "This could be because donating
Swimmers with disabilities                                                     to charity takes up a relatively small amount of someone's budget, so people do
                                                                               not envisage making large savings from this area." The survey asked 1,000
On March 14 and 15, the 4th Open Swimming Tournament for Persons with          people to rate how likely they were to reduce their outgoings in seven areas of
Disabilities is taking place in the Posidonio Swimming Pool in Thessaloniki.   household expenditure.

The Greek Sport clubs PwD responded to this first Swimming Meeting for 2009
and more than 100 athletes will enroll - among them a lot of Greek
Paralympians of Swimming. Athletes from Bulgaria are also expected to
participate in the Meeting.

                                                                                                                                                         Page 37 of 91
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Solution or problem (11-03-2009)                                                   The washing machine boosted women liberation
                                                                                   movement (11-03-2009)

Maths have been traditionally a nightmare for most students

A new French website, launched on March 5, is causing controversy because
                                                                                   The earliest washing "machine" was the scrub board invented in 1797
of the service it is offering kids. Basically, for a fee it will do their math
homework for them. The site is called and children
can visit it if they are having trouble completing their math problems. For a      As International Women’s Day is celebrated, the Vatican had a novel message
small fee of around $6 answers can be bought to those problems allowing them       for the women of the world: give thanks for the washing machine. This humble
to complete their homework, but bypassing that important understanding and         domestic appliance had done more for the women’s liberation movement than
learning stage. Prices go up depending on the type of service you want and up      the contraceptive pill or working outside the home, said the the official Vatican
to $100 can be paid for a full presentation being compiled if the child needs to   newspaper, Osservatore Romano.
give a talk in class, for example. The new service has obviously got its
detractors with school teachers especially upset that it is being allowed to       “In the 20th century, what contributed most to the emancipation of Western
launch.                                                                            women?” questioned the article. “The debate is still open. Some say it was the
                                                                                   pill, others the liberalisation of abortion, or being able to work outside the home.
                                                                                   Others go even further: the washing machine.”

                                                                                   The article is entitled, “The washing machine and the emancipation of women:
                                                                                   put in the powder, close the lid and relax”, taking its name from the Washy
                                                                                   Talky, the Electrolux bilingual-talking washing-machine launched in India seven
                                                                                   years ago, which would remind the absent-minded housewife how to use the

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                                                                                     Time to travel and volunteer (12-03-2009)

$19,120 for Harry Potter (11-03-2009)

Harry Potter first edition signed by the author

The very popular writer J.K. Rowling became famous for her Harry Potter book
series, which ended after her seventh book was written in 2007. The collection
sold over an amazing 300 million copies worldwide. According to Dallas Auction
House, a soft cover of the first Harry Potter book was sold for just over $19,000.   The European Voluntary Service (EVS) provides young Europeans with the unique chance to
                                                                                     express their personal commitment through unpaid and full-time voluntary activities in a foreign
The book, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, was one of 200 copies            country within or outside the EU. In this way, it seeks to develop solidarity, mutual understanding
from the first printing and included illustrated wrappers by London Publishers       and tolerance among young people, thus contributing to reinforcing social cohesion in the European
Bloomsbury.                                                                          Union and to promoting young people's active citizenship

When the book made it to the U.S., the name was changed to Harry Potter and          The Non Profit Organization EDRA - Social Co-operative Activities for Minority
the Sorcerer’s Stone. The lucky bid winner was a vintage comic book collector        Groups launches European volunteer projects for young people. EDRA has
from Dubai. The collector bought it for his wife, who is a huge fan.                 been working in the field of mental health since 2001, aiming at providing
                                                                                     alternative life options and rehabilitation to disadvantaged groups and
                                                                                     individuals. In co-operation with the Greek General Secretary of Youth and the
                                                                                     European Union, it carries out youth volunteer projects, in the framework of the
                                                                                     program “European Voluntary Service” (EVS). As a host corporation, EDRA
                                                                                     has up to now hosted 22 young people from different countries and social-
                                                                                     cultural environments, and has sent 12 Greeks to other countries.

                                                                                     European Voluntary Service is integrated into the “Youth In Action” Program of
                                                                                     the EU, which gives to young people (18-25 years old) the chance to work as
                                                                                     volunteers in other countries for 6-12 month, contributing to local projects of

                                                                                                                                                                       Page 39 of 91
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various interest such as art, environment, technology, culture, sports, health,                   The film, which focuses on six human stories, aims to empower us to mobilise
entertainment. EVS is a true ‘learning service’, since beyond benefiting the                      effective action now, while there is still time. Putting together pieces of archive
local communities, by participating in voluntary activities, young volunteers can                 footage from 2008, Pete’s character – a lone man who lives in a massive tower
develop new skills and, therefore, improve their personal, educational and                        – asks: “Why didn’t we stop climate change when we had the chance?”
professional development. Volunteers can benefit from specific training
throughout the activity and agree on their expected learning outcomes,                            On 15th March, the cutting-edge film will premiere in a solar-powered cinema
processes and methods in advance.                                                                 tent in Leicester Square and it will be simultaneously shown in 80 UK-wide
                                                                                                  venues, including the Eden Project, all linked by satellite. There will also be a
                                                                                                  youth premiere at the Vue Cinema, in Fulham, organised by WeCAN, with teen-
                                                                                                  age speakers and action packs to take away. Public tickets are available from
                                                                                                  participating cinemas. All profits from the performance will go to the Not Stupid
                                                                                                  campaign, which is aiming to turn 250 million viewers into activists, ready for
                                                                                                  the United Nations Climate Summit, in Copenhagen, next December – coined
                                                                                                  ‘the most important meeting in human history’, this is where the successor to
                                                                                                  the Kyoto Treaty must be finalised.
The Age of Stupid (12-03-2009)

Oscar-nominated Pete Postlethwaite stars as a man living alone in the devastated world of 2055,
looking at old footage from 2008 and asking: why didn’t we stop climate change when we had the

              The Age of Stupid has been described as the very first successful
              dramatisation of climate change to hit the big screen. This powerful
              eco-documentary, directed by Franny Armstrong and starring Pete
              Postlethwaite, tells the story of an elderly man living in a world, 46
              years from now – a world devastated by climate change.

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UN drug control debate (12-03-2009)                                                  The complexity of the drugs issue - which spans health policy, law enforcement
                                                                                     and international relations - means no two countries tackle the problem in the
                                                                                     same way. Some European and Latin American countries want to put more
                                                                                     emphasis on public education and the treatment of addicts, rather than
                                                                                     criminalising addicts and drug farmers in the developing world. But other
                                                                                     countries, including the United States and Russia, favour a more traditional
                                                                                     approach to the problem of drugs.

                                                                                     Child marriage prevail in India (12-03-2009)

World leaders should agree on a common policy to tackle the drug issue

The UN's Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) is meeting in Vienna to review
the effectiveness of drug control over the past decade. The conference will also     This UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), showing a 40-year-old Afghan man, Mohammad, sitting next to
set the agenda for international drugs policies for the next 10 years. Critics say   his visibly horror-stricken 11-year- old fiancee, Ghulam, has been awarded as ''Photo of 2007''
the policies are flawed, contributing to organised crime, violence and instability
in the developing world. But the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) says           A large proportion of women in India were married when they were still children,
there has been progress. It says the number of drug users, about 5% of the           a study has found, and researchers warned that such unions carried higher
world's population, has stabilized over the past few years. An EU report             risks of unwanted pregnancies and female sterilization. Nearly all the women
presented before the meeting suggested that international policies had failed to     who were married before they reached the legal age of 18 reported that they
reduce the global drug problem over the past decade. The head of UNODC,              used no contraception before they had their first child, according to the study,
Antonio Maria Costa, acknowledged that drug control policies had, as an              which was published in The Lancet. UNICEF defines child marriage as
unintended consequence, led the growth of organized crime. Mr Costa said the         marriage before 18 years of age and such a practice has been increasingly
focus of discussions would be on organised crime and the fact that much of it        viewed as a violation of human rights.
generated by the narcotics control regime.
                                                                                     Marriage at a very young age carries grave health consequences for both the
                                                                                     girl and her children and it is well documented that adolescent mothers are

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more likely to experience complications such as obstetric fistula. Researchers    Stripes are making a difference (12-03-2009)
analyzed data from a national family health survey that was conducted from
2005 to 2006 in India. The survey involved 22,807 Indian women who were
aged between 20 and 24 at the time of the survey. Of these, 22.6 percent were
married before they were 16, 44.5 percent were married when they were
between 16 and 17, and 2.6 percent were married before they turned 13.

India introduced laws against child marriage in 1929 and set the legal age for
marriage at 12 years. The legal age for marriage was increased to 18 years in
1978. While the practice of child marriage has decreased slowly, its prevalence
remains unacceptably high, and rural, poor, less educated girls and those from
central or eastern regions of the country were most vulnerable to the practice,
the researchers wrote.

                                                                                  Simplifying the process of identifying tigers from camera trap images would be very beneficial to
                                                                                  conservation research, according to Belinda Wright, the executive director of the Wildlife Protection
                                                                                  Society of India, an organization that investigates every tiger death in the country

                                                                                                 A new piece of software is able to identify individual tigers by the
                                                                                                 unique stripe patterns on their coats. This tool, the developers say,
                                                                                                 will make it easier to estimate tiger populations and aid
                                                                                                 conservation efforts. It is also able to match skins sold on the black
                                                                                                 market to photographs of the animals taken using camera traps.
                                                                                  The program was based on software originally designed to scan the markings
                                                                                  of grey seals and identify them from photographs. The researchers adapted this
                                                                                  for tiger stripes, and combined it with a 3D map of the surface of a tiger's body.
                                                                                  This enabled them effectively to unwrap the pattern of stripes from an image of
                                                                                  a live animal and match it to picture of the flat skin. Dr Ullas Karanth, a
                                                                                  researcher from the Wildlife Conservation Society India Program, worked on
                                                                                  the project with the UK-based company Conservation Research.

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Plastiki to sail the Pacific (12-03-2009)                                                          A call to God (12-03-2009)

When Plastiki's voyage is over, the boat will be broken down and turned into emergency shelters,   There times in everybody's life that we would want God to listen to us
shipping pellets, clothes, and even more bottles

                                                                                                   Given the busy schedules of people these days, finding time to connect to a
             Explorer, environmentalist, and British celebrity David de                            "Higher Power" isn't always possible. However a dutch artist, Johan Van der
             Rothschild will set out on a 11,000-mile (17,703-kilometer) journey                   Dong, appears to have taken this into account and has provided a hotline,
             across the Pacific Ocean at the end of March—in a boat made of                        whereby people can connect to/with God via phone. The purpose of God's
             plastic bottles. Created from a special composite of recycled                         Hotline as it has become known is to focus attention on the means in which
             plastic, de Rothschild's boat is a 60-foot (18-meter) catamaran                       Dutch people perceive religion. To this end the artist selected a mobile phone
called Plastiki.                                                                                   number to underline that God was available anywhere and anytime.Actually, it's
                                                                                                   part of Van der Dong's art installation in the town of Groningen and anyone
De Rothschild will steer the fiberglass-like frame, made buoyant by the addition                   calling will receive the message:
of 12,000 two-liter plastic bottles along the hulls, from San Francisco to
Sydney—with several island stops—on an exploration of plastic litter—the most                      "This is the voice of God, I am not able to speak to you at the moment, but
common in the type of ocean pollution.                                                             please leave a message."

But that's not all. The expedition is also a way to highlight how materials can be                 To date 1,000 messages have been recorded and the messages are
re-used, said de Rothschild, a National Geographic Emerging Explorer and                           confidential and not part of the art project.
founder of the nonprofit Adventure Ecology.

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Act on carbon dioxide emissions (12-03-2009)                                                       Pentelikon Mount will get green again (13-03-2009)

A national policy for auto emissions that could mean tougher efficiency mandates for auto makers

               The US Environmental Protection Agency is expected to take its
               first steps toward regulating emissions of carbon dioxide, the New
               York Times reported.                                                                The reforestation of Pentelikon Mount is part of the ''green'' campaign spearheaded by the TV
                                                                                                   Channel SKAI

             In an interview with the Times, Lisa Jackson, the new EPA
administrator, said that she has asked her staff to prepare documentation for an                   In the framework of its efforts for the protection of the environment, the
“endangerment finding” under the Clean Air Act, to determine whether or not                        Municipality of Athens takes part, for the second time, in the reforestation of
carbon dioxide is a pollutant that poses a threat to public health and welfare.                    Pendelikon Mountain, which was burnt in 2006.
On April 2, 2007, the US Supreme Court found that the agency must make
such a determination, a ruling that the Bush administration ignored.                               The reforestation will be held on Sunday 15th March 2009, at 10:00, with the
                                                                                                   initiative of the Association for the Protection and Rehabilitation of Pendelikon
But as even ardent environmentalists have pointed out, attempting to regulate                      Mountain and the radio-television station SKAI. Up to now, 102 agencies have
greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act as it is currently written would be, to                   enrolled in the project. 35.000 trees will be planted in an area of 2.000 km2.
put it bluntly, insane. Writing in the online eco-mag Grist, David Roberts notes                   The volunteers of Athens Municipality will be transferred to the reforestation
that the 40-year-old act was never designed to regulate a global pollutant like                    area by bus, which departs on Sunday 15th March 2009, at 8:30, from the
carbon dioxide.                                                                                    Municipal Hall.

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Thrakomakedones act green (13-03-2009)                                           Scholarships for english courses (13-03-2009)
            On Sunday 15th March 2009, the ''Citizens Association of
            Thrakomakedones community'' organizes a one-day event on
            environment with the support of CITIZEN IN DEED. The event will
            take place at the premises of the local Cultural Center at
            Aristotelous Square.

It is an event of informative character aiming at raising public awareness and
mobilizing citizens to lead a more environment friendly life through active
participation in environmental protection activities.

The two chore topics of the event are:

    •   Volunteerism and Environment
    •   Quality, Water Management, Water Saving

Among the speakers are Mr. Nikos Kanellopoulos (Welfare Action Hellas), Mr.
                                                                                 Preference is given to economically disadvantaged applicants who can prove a low family income
Panagiotis Xristodoulakis (PA.KO.E.) Mr. Giannis Tsantiris (PA.KO.E.) and Mr.    which would not normally allow for foreign language study
Theodosis Papandreou (ECOPOLIS). An open debate will follow.
                                                                                 The non-profit Michael Lascaris Scholarship Trust was founded in August 1999.
                                                                                 To date, it has awarded 1540 scholarships to Greeks from Greece, Cyprus and
                                                                                 Istanbul for the purpose of learning the English language. The Trust intends to
                                                                                 grant a further 170 scholarships for the 2009-10 Academic Year. The
                                                                                 scholarships are only for English language instruction at all levels from
                                                                                 Beginners up to the Certificate of Proficiency (Universities of Cambridge and
                                                                                 Michigan), featuring not only the fees but also the appropriate books. The
                                                                                 lessons take place at the Trust’s two authorized institutes, namely the Estia
                                                                                 Neas Smyrnis English Language School at Nea Smyrni and the Institute for
                                                                                 Foreign Languages Dessy Topouzides at Voula.

                                                                                 Eligible applicants must:

                                                                                     1. Be at least 12 years old (that is, they must be born before September 1,
                                                                                        1997). No upper age limit exists.
                                                                                     2. Have at least one parent or ancestor in the past three generations who
                                                                                        was Greek.
                                                                                     3. Be a Greek Orthodox Christian and not a member of any other church.

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    4. Have physically resided in Greece, Cyprus or Istanbul for at least six                       heart attack. The UK's Food Standards Agency says the average adult should
       months prior to applying.                                                                    eat no more than 6g of salt a day. Intake is falling, but last year the average
                                                                                                    was 8.6g. Around three-quarters of the salt we eat comes in pre-prepared
Interested and eligible candidates are requested to submit their applications for                   foods. The findings are published as the FSA renewed its advice for people to
the Academic Year 2009-10 until Thursday 16th April 2009. More information at                       eat more healthily. It backed an independent panel of experts warning that
the premises of the Trust or at the website                                   celebrity chefs were promoting high-fat recipes, and contributing to the obesity

                                                                                                    The tests carried out by US researchers found that when rats were deficient in
                                                                                                    salt, they shy away from activities they normally enjoy, like drinking a sugary
                                                                                                    substance or pressing a bar that stimulates a pleasant sensation in their brains.
                                                                                                    Psychologist Kim Johnson, who led the research, said: "Things that normally
                                                                                                    would be pleasurable for rats didn't elicit the same degree of relish, which leads
                                                                                                    us to believe that a salt deficit and the craving associated with it can induce one
Salt works as mood booster (13-03-2009)                                                             of the key symptoms associated with depression." She said it a loss of pleasure
                                                                                                    in normally pleasing activities is one of the most important features of
                                                                                                    psychological depression. And she said there were signs salt could be

The experts noted that this research may help us to understand why some people still eat too much
salt, even though they know it's bad for them

Scientists suggest we may add extra salt to our food because it boosts our
mood, even though we know too much is bad for us. University of Iowa
researchers writing in Psychology and Behavior say salt may act as a natural
antidepressant. Tests on rats found those with a salt deficiency shied away
from activities they normally enjoyed - a sign of depression. But experts warn
eating too much salt is linked to high blood pressure. The body needs sodium -
the chemical which along with chloride makes up salt - to function, but having
too much and raising blood pressure is linked to an increased risk of stroke and

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A Human Cerebral Cortex Atlas from the last                                              Lithium battery material for ultrafast charging by MIT
century, presented (13-03-2009)                                                          (13-03-2009)

In this picture from left to right: Mr. Constantin Von Economo and Mr. George Koskinas
                                                                                         The technology breakthrough, reported by MIT and the journal Nature changes
Bodossakis Foundation, in cooperation with the Hellenic Ministry of Education            the way lithium iron phosphate is made, enabling it to absorb and release
and the Macedonia University, presents the first English Edition of the Atlas of         energy-toting lithium ions hundreds of times faster than before Engineers at
Cytoarchitecture of the Human Cerebral Cortex, on Monday 16th March 2009,                MIT have come up with a way to turn lithium iron phosphate, a common
at 6:30 p.m., at the National Hellenic Research Foundation.                              compound several hybrid- and electric-car battery developers are working with,
                                                                                         into a super-expressway for electrical energy: a breakthrough that could
The Atlas of Cytoarchitecture of the Human Cerebral Cortex charts 107 areas              dramatically reduce charging time for lithium batteries.
of the Human Cerebral Cortex. The Atlas was first published in Vienna, in 1925
by two eminent psychiatrists and neurologists, Mr. George Koskinas and Mr.               But while the process holds great promise for ultrafast recharging of cell
Constantin Von Economo. The Atlas is now published by Karger Publisher in                phones, laptops and other small devices, don't hold your breath waiting for 5-
Basel, one of the oldest in Europe, in the field of biomedical sciences and will         minute recharging for electric cars.
be presented by the Neuroscience academic professors of Macedonia
University Mr. Lazaros Triarchou and Mr. Marinos Dalakas.                                EV or plug-in hybrid batteries made using the MIT process could take an
                                                                                         ultrafast charge if one were available, but still needed is technology that could
                                                                                         dramatically increase the amount of power a battery charger could draw from
                                                                                         household and other electrical outlets.

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Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                             News Archive / March 2009

Fashion & Accessories Recycling (13-03-2009)                                      More information at 210-8215343.

                                                                                  Disability no barrier to gaming (13-03-2009)

An envelope bag made by old clothes

            The Non Profit Organization Athens Network of Collaboration
            Experts organizes a workshop on clothes recycling, from 7th March
            2009, every Saturday (12:30 – 15:30), at 15 Miaouli str. (2nd fl.),
            Psyrri. The workshop, entitled “Fashion + Accessories= Recycling”,
                                                                                  Jon Kuniholm plays the Guitar Hero wearing electroded on his hand
            gives to the participants the chance to reuse old clothes and
            materials, creating unique handmade pieces and protecting, at the
same time, the environment.                                                       Jon Kuniholm sits in front of the telly and plays Guitar Hero, the music video
                                                                                  game. He's sailing through Pat Benetar's classic, Hit Me with Your Best Shot.
The Workshop features the following subjects:                                     But unlike most players, he doesn't strum a little plastic guitar with his hands;
                                                                                  Kuniholm's right arm is amputated just below the elbow. Kuniholm is a
                                                                                  biomechanics researcher at Duke University who lost his arm in an explosion
    •    14th March 2009 – Patchwork bag                                          while serving in Iraq. His efforts at Guitar Hero are more than just fun and
    •    21st March 2009 – Handicraft by flour, salt and color                    games. He is trying out a system developed by Jacob Vogelstein and Robert
    •    28th March 2009 – T-shirt painting                                       Armiger of the Applied Physics lab at Johns Hopkins University who hope to
    •    4th April 2009 – Preparation of paper pulp for the creation of paper     use games like Guitar Hero to train people to use prosthetic limbs.
    •    11th April 2009 – Clothes reproduction (skirt)                           To play the game, users wear electrodes on their residual muscles, such as
    •    2nd May 2009 – Dolls by available materials (fabric, beads, string)      those found on their chest and shoulder. The system translates the signals from
    •    9th May 2009 – Continuation of the dolls creation                        the electrodes as if they were coming from the game controller, allowing
    •    16th May 2009 – Bijou by fabric, string, buttons                         players to strum along, despite not having any hands. Dr Armiger came up with
    •    23rd May 2009 – Decoration – recreation of pareo, flip-flops, hats       the idea after becoming a Guitar Hero fan himself. He realised that the
    •    30th May 2009 – Accessories (mobile phone case, lucky charms)            movements used by the game were similar to those required during the hours
    •    6th June 2009 – Recreation of blouses                                    of tedious rehabilitation needed to learn to control a prosthetic limb. The

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researchers are designing a prosthetic arm, which also learns from the user.                                       New research from the Pacific Institute estimates that bottled water
So, the more users practice, the better the limb will work. By making practice                                     is up to 2000 times more energy-intensive than tap water. Similarly,
fun, Guitar Hero helps keep users motivated. But training prosthetic limbs isn't                                   bottled water that requires long-distance transport is far more
the only way that music video games such as Guitar Hero, Rock Band and                                             energy-intensive than bottled water produced and distributed
SingStar are surprising people. Music games have sold tens of millions of                                          locally. Indeed, when all the sums were done, it seems the annual
copies, and they are starting to show up in hospitals, laboratories, and                              consumption of bottled water in the U.S. in 2007 required the equivalent of
classrooms.                                                                                           between 32 and 54 million barrels of oil—roughly one-third of a percent of total
                                                                                                      U.S. primary energy consumption. “As bottled water use continues to expand
                                                                                                      around the world, there is growing interest in the environmental, economic, and
                                                                                                      social implications of that use, including concerns about waste generation,
                                                                                                      proper use of groundwater, hydrologic effects on local surface and
                                                                                                      groundwater, economic costs, and more. But a key concern is how much
                                                                                                      energy is required to produce and use bottled water,” said article co-author
                                                                                                      Peter Gleick, president of the Pacific Institute. “It turns out the answer is, a lot.”

                                                                                                      The authors note that a single estimate of the energy footprint of bottled water
                                                                                                      is not possible due to differences among water sources, bottling processes,
Bottled water use 2000 times more energy intensive                                                    transportation costs, and other factors. Gleick and Cooley calculate the energy
                                                                                                      requirements for various stages in bottled water production, including the
than tap (16-03-2009)                                                                                 energy to manufacture the plastic bottles, process the water and the bottles,
                                                                                                      and transport and cool the final product.

The article, “Energy implications of bottled water” by researchers Peter H. Gleick and Heather
Cooley, is the first peer-reviewed analysis of its kind and appears in the February 2009 edition of
Environmental Research Letters

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Enemies of the Internet exposed (16-03-2009)                                                            World's poor drive growth in global cell phone use:
                                                                                                        study (16-03-2009)

According to the report a total of 70 cyber-dissidents are currently detained because of what they
posted online. China is the world’s biggest prison for cyber-dissidents, followed by Vietnam and Iran   Nowadays we can find a cell phone even in the most isolated places of earth

After a joint appeal with Amnesty International for an end to online censorship,                        Six in 10 people around the world now have cell phone subscriptions, signaling
Reporters Without Borders issued report on “Enemies of the Internet” in which it                        that mobile phones are the communications technology of choice, particularly in
examines Internet censorship and other threats to online free expression in 22                          poor countries, according to a U.N. report published Monday. By the end of last
countries. In their joint appeal, the two human rights groups urged Microsoft,                          year there were an estimated 4.1 billion subscriptions globally, compared with
Google and Yahoo not to censor their Web search results on March 12 (World                              about 1 billion in 2002, the International Telecommunication Union said. Fixed
Day Against Cyber Censorship) as a gesture to protest cyber censorship.                                 line subscriptions increased at a much slower pace to 1.27 billion from about 1
"World Day Against Cyber Censorship is a day to advance and celebrate a free                            billion over the same period. "There has been a clear shift to mobile cellular
Internet as an open window to the world and denounce the attacks made on the                            telephony," the agency said, noting that developing countries now account for
free flow of information online," Reporters Without Borders (RSF) and Amnesty                           about two-thirds of cell phones in use. In 2002, less than half of mobile
International said in a letter to the three firms. The message meant to be sent to                      subscriptions globally were in the developing world, it said.Internet use more
all "netizens" - individuals, organizations and states alike – is that censorship                       than doubled. An estimated 23 percent of people on the planet used the
online is not the only way forward. In the report “Enemies of the Internet” that                        Internet last year, up from 11 percent in 2002. Poor countries still lag far behind
followed the appeal is noted that there are more than two dozen countries                               on Internet access, with only one in 20 people in
restricting Internet access on a regular basis.

                                                                                                                                                                                      Page 50 of 91
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Morales distributes land (16-03-2009)                                                          Red Cross: "torture" at CIA jails (16-03-2009)

Mr Morales is Bolivia's first indigenous president and has strong support from the country's
indigenous groups
                                                                                               The report graphically describes abuse of Abu Zubaida (AP)
Bolivia's President Evo Morales has handed over thousands of hectares of land
seized from large-scale owners to indigenous farmers. Mr Morales said the                      The International Committee of the Red Cross concludes in a secret report that
move would encourage people to put country over profit and would end human                     the Bush administration's treatment of al-Qaeda captives in CIA prisons
rights violations against indigenous people. He had accused the previous                       "constituted torture," The Washington Post reported on Monday, citing newly
owners of abusing workers and misusing the land. Bolivians voted in a new                      published excerpts from the 2007 document. The account of alleged physical
constitution in January aimed at empowering the country's indigenous majority.                 and psychological brutality inside CIA prisons overseas also states that some
"Today, from here, we are beginning to put an end to the giant landholdings of                 U.S. practices amounted to "cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment," the
Bolivia," Mr Morales said at a ceremony in the east of the country.                            newspaper reported.

                                                                                               The secret report strong implies that the United States violated international law
                                                                                               prohibiting torture and maltreatment of prisoners, the newspaper said.

                                                                                               The Washington Post said the ICRC findings were based on its access to the
                                                                                               CIA's 14 "high-value" detainees after they were transferred in 2006 to the U.S.
                                                                                               detention camp at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

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                                                                                           First Superman fetches $317,200 (16-03-2009)
Maldives will be carbon-neutral (16-03-2009)

                                                                                           Superman is generally recognised as the first superhero to appear in comics - predating the likes of
                                                                                           Spiderman and Batman

None of the coral islands measures more than 1.8 metres above sea level, making Maldives
                                                                                           A rare copy of the first Superman comic, dating from 1938, has sold at auction
vulnerable to a rise in sea levels associated with global warming                          for $317,200 (£227,000). The online auction started two weeks ago and
                                                                                           attracted 89 bidders. Neither the buyer nor the seller were named. The copy
             The Maldives will become carbon-neutral within a decade by                    was described as unrestored. The cover shows the cape-wearing action hero
             switching completely to renewable energy sources like wind and                from the planet Krypton lifting a car above his head. There are only 100 copies
             solar power, its leader has said. President Mohamed Nasheed told              left of the first Superman comic, which sold for 10 cents when it appeared in
             the BBC the Maldives understood better than most what would                   June 1938.
             happen if the world failed to tackle climate change. His tiny country
is one of the lowest-lying on Earth and so is extremely vulnerable to rises in sea         Stephen Fishler, the owner of the online auction site Comic Connect said the
level. He said he hoped his plan would serve as a blueprint for other nations. It          Superman comic had been in the same hands since 12 years after it was
is estimated that the Maldives, which has high levels of poverty, will need to             published, when a young boy on the US west coast bought it for 35 cents. He
spend about $110m a year to make the transition to renewable energy sources.               then forgot about it until 1966 when it emerged in his mother's basement. He
Asked how it could afford this, the president said the country was already                 held on to since then, hoping it would gain in value, Mr Fishler told CNN. He
spending similar sums on existing energy sources, and he expected to recover               said before the auction the comic might fetch as much as $400,000.
the extra cost within the decade.

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“Bridging Divides for Water” (17-03-2009)                                                             Kaisariani’s forest got lively (17-03-2009)

Organised every three years in close collaboration with the authorities of the hosting country, the
World Water Forum is the largest international event in the field of water

             The 5th World Water Forum kicked off Monday in Turkey's largest
             city of Istanbul with the theme of "Bridging Divides for Water,"
             aimed to facilitate solutions to the world's water problems and
             promote cooperation among states and organizations. More than
             28,000 people arriving from 182 countries have registered for the
5th World Water Forum, an inclusive gathering where participants engage in
109 sessions to advance legitimate solutions for a scarce and contested                               A team of Citizen In Deed during the reforestation
resource: water. By the conclusion of the week a compilation of the various
agreed upon proposals and actions will coalesce to launch the Global Water
                                                                                                                 For the second time, Philodassiki Enossi Athinon organized a
Agenda, Istanbul 2009, an international blueprint for how the world’s most
                                                                                                                 rather successful reforestation at the area of Kessariani’s Forest,
diverse stakeholders on water can gain political traction and make progress in
                                                                                                                 on Sunday 15th March 2009. This effort was warmly joined by
concert together. Previous forums took place in Morocco, the Netherlands,
                                                                                                                 HSBC Corporation, Hellenic Association for Guides, Scouts of
Japan and Mexico City. At the crossroads of science, governance, financing,
                                                                                                                 Greece, Citizen In Deed, SOS Children’s Villages and
education and politics, each forum draws peoples of diverse backgrounds,
                                                                                                      Panayiotopoulos Private School.
holding distinct viewpoints, into productive dialogue along three processes –
thematic, regional and political.
                                                                                                      Kessariani's Aesthetic Forest is entirely the work of Philodassiki Enossi
                                                                                                      Athinon. It spreads across the city from one side all the way to the rocky slopes
The 5th World Water Forum will boast the most comprehensive and dynamic
                                                                                                      of Mt. Hymettus at the height of 760 meters, expanding over an area of
political process of any Forum to date. It stands out for the level of engagement
                                                                                                      4.480.000 m2.
by all levels of government, from Mayors, Parliamentarians, Ministers and
Heads of State.
                                                                                                      The reforestation efforts in the Aesthetic Forest as a whole, resulted in the
                                                                                                      creation of a mosaic of plants in which the pine tree (pinus brutia) is dominant,
                                                                                                      in unmixed clusters or interwined with cypress trees and broad leaved trees
                                                                                                      such as judas tree (Cercis silivastrum L.), carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) and
                                                                                                      oak (Quercus pubescens Willd.). In the rocky areas there are pine trees
                                                                                                      together with kermes oak and wild olive tree

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                                                                                                  The same tests are already used by doctors to spot signs of dementia. In nine
                                                                                                  out of 12 tests the average age at which the top performance was achieved
                                                                                                  was 22. The first age at which there was any marked decline was at 27 in tests
                                                                                                  of brain speed, reasoning and visual puzzle-solving ability.

                                                                                                  Things like memory stayed intact until the age of 37, on average, while abilities
                                                                                                  based on accumulated knowledge, such as performance on tests of vocabulary
27: the age of mental decline (17-03-2009)                                                        or general information, increased until the age of 60.

                                                                                                  Songs for molested women (17-03-2009)

Professor Salthouse said his findings suggested ''some aspects of age-related cognitive decline
begin in healthy, educated adults when they are in their 20s and 30s''

Mental powers start to dwindle at 27 after peaking at 22, marking the start of                    Mikis Theodorakis' music will be heard in Thessalonica for violated women
old age, US research suggests. Professor Timothy Salthouse of Virginia
University found reasoning, speed of thought and spatial visualisation all                        The Folk Orchestra “Mikis Theodorakis” and the singers Natassa Theodoridou
decline in our late 20s. Therapies designed to stall or reverse the ageing                        and Iro will perform for the molested women who found shelter at the “Open
process may need to start much earlier, he said. His seven-year study of 2,000                    Accommodation House” in Drama, on March 17 and 18 at the Thessalonica
healthy people aged 18-60 is published in the journal Neurobiology of Aging. To                   Concert Hall. The two concerts are entitled “The passion and love songs”
test mental agility, the study participants had to solve puzzles, recall words and                based on the famous music compositions of Mikis Theodorakis about love,
story details and spot patterns in letters and symbols                                            friendship and family.

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Mrs Margarita Theodorakis, Mikis Theodorakis daughter, mentioned during the                        and severe when the overall percentage of disease among residents of a
press conference that this concerts is ''an excellent chance to show our support                   specific geographic area exceeds 1%."
to violated women who have experienced great pain and not to remember them
once a year on the International Day of violence against women''.                                  "The overall proportion in the District is three times higher," the report said,
                                                                                                   warning that the true infection rate in the capital is probably even greater
                                                                                                   because "between one-third and one-half of residents may be unaware of their

HIV/AIDS epidemic in Washington (17-03-2009)

                                                                                                   Stripped Down and Bloody (17-03-2009)

                                                                                                   Activists protest against bull fights in Valencia

According to the annual report, 12,428 people reported living with HIV and AIDS in Washington, a
city of just under 600,000                                                                         On day two of the Fallas Festival in Valencia, animal rights activists wearing
                                                                                                   only underwear covered themselves in fake blood. The shocking sight of nearly
                                                                                                   nude activists covered in artificial blood prompted Valencia’s residents to think.
The US capital is being ravaged by an epidemic of HIV/AIDS, with African-
                                                                                                   Even though such protests by animal rights activists are nothing new, they
American men and people aged 40-49 the hardest hit by the deadly virus, a
                                                                                                   always intrigue those gathered.
report has shown. At the end of last year, 3% of all Washington residents over
the age of 12 had the HIV virus that causes AIDS or the full-blown disease
itself, a report by the city's department of health said. It also pointed out that                 Around two dozen activists stripped down to their underwear and covered
both the United Nations' HIV/AIDS agency and the US Centers for Disease                            themselves in artificial blood to clearly give the message that they are against
Control and Prevention (CDC) have defined an HIV epidemic as "generalized                          bullfighting and the torture of animals. This protest was held on the second day

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of the Fallas Festival in Valencia, Spain. Activists consider bullfighting to be       But before you rush to this most romantic of settings consider the price - up to
true torture and animal abuse, because of the brutal plunging of a sword in the        $1,300 (£930) for non European Union residents. Officials say they want to
bull’s neck at the end of the fight. Even though bullfights are something              enhance the city's image as the perfect place for love and marriage.
because of which Pamplona is so visited by tourists, activists consider that they
should be stopped.

                                                                                       We all are in ‘’Sleep Debt’’ (18-03-2009)
Juliet's balcony to host weddings (17-03-2009)

Juliet's balcony in Verona
                                                                                       Anxiety is the main cause of insomnia
The balcony where, according to William Shakespeare, Romeo wooed Juliet, is
to be made available for weddings. The authorities in the Italian city of Verona -     World’s financial crisis undermines our sleep, since more and more people are
setting for the tale of the two lovers - say they want to foster its image as a        losing sleep, due to financial concerns. Everyday stress, caused by financial
centre for romance. The Casa Di Giulietta (house of Juliet) is in the heart of         and job worries, can lead to insomnia and other sleeping disorders, which could
Verona. Folklore suggests it was once the home of the Cappello family -                cause some serious impact to the cardiovascular, immune and nervous human
possibly the model for the Capulets in Shakespeare's fictional play, Romeo and         system. At the same time, World’s “Sleep debt” increases rapidly, since it is
Juliet. Although some historians say there is scant evidence to back this up, the      estimated that people, nowadays, sleep 1.5 hours less than the last century,
balcony on the 14th century building is still one of the city's most popular tourist   due to the modern lifestyle. According to a research, conducted in the area of
destinations. From next month, you will be able to hire it as a venue for              Attica Basin, an average teenager gets about 6.5 hours of sleep, while they
weddings.                                                                              need at least 8 hours per night.

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As highlighted by the Psychiatry Professor of Athens University and Chairman      FAO has some good and some bad news for world’s
of the Hellenic Sleep Research Society, Mr. Kostas Soldatos, on the occasion
of the World Sleep Day (21st March), one out of three people will suffer from     forests (18-03-2009)
insomnia at some point of their lives. However, most of them aren’t aware of
what they should do to deal with this problem.

According to an international research on 400 Greek patients, suffering from
insomnia, 68% of those said that they had never addressed to a doctor for their
problem, 82% said that insomnia had an negative impact on their job, while
about one out of ten (9%) said that they had fallen asleep while driving.

                                                                                  Based on the most recent of FAO’s periodic forest sector outlook studies, it examines the impacts
                                                                                  that external factors such as demographic, economic, institutional and technological changes may
                                                                                  have on forests

                                                                                                In its biennial State of the World’s Forests 2009 report, the UN
                                                                                                Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) notes that climate
                                                                                                change and economic recession present both challenges and
                                                                                                opportunities for the world’s nearly four billion hectares of forest.
                                                                                                While a protracted economic slump may increase illegal logging in
                                                                                  cash-strapped areas and reduce governments’ commitment to green goals,
                                                                                  declining demand worldwide for wood products and commercial forest-
                                                                                  cultivated food may also save some forests – in the short term. But as food and
                                                                                  fuel prices increase so will deforestation in South America and Africa as more
                                                                                  people turn to forests for food, feed and biofuel, according to FAO. But while
                                                                                  droughts, shrinking water supplies and floods have strained governments’
                                                                                  forest management efforts, renewable wood-based energies like biofuel may
                                                                                  provide forests – and their governments – a new lifeline, FAO says.

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Spanish vultures' rescue law (18-03-2009)                                             EU Climate Photo Opportunity (18-03-2009)

Vultures are scavenging birds, feeding mostly on the carcasses of dead animals

            Madrid's regional government is drafting legislation that aims to
            save Spain's starving vultures. The new law will allow the bodies of
            certain dead animals to be left in the countryside to rot, to ensure
            the birds of prey have enough food. Spain's vultures are starving         Developing countries are the regions worst affected by climate change
            because of regulations that aim to stop the spread of mad-cow
disease. Under a European Union law introduced in 2002, the countryside must          A raising awareness event on climate change affecting developing countries is
be kept clear of dead livestock.                                                      organised by ActionAid Hellas, inviting us on Thursday, March 19, at 10:00, at
                                                                                      the forecourt of the Cultural Centre of Athens Municipality to take a picture of
Environmentalists say this lack of rotting animal corpses has left vultures           ActionAid’s volunteers in front of Kostis Palamas statue. Similar events are to
without an important source of food.                                                  be held in Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark and Sweden on the occasion of the
                                                                                      European Union Summit March 2009 (19-20), in Brussels. ActionAid’s
The birds are so famished that farmers say they have seen vultures attack and         Volunteers make an appeal to European Leaders to fulfill their commitments on
kill cows and pigs to satisfy their hunger. To help the birds, the head of Madrid's   climate change in the Developing World.
regional government, Esperanza Aguirre, says she is modifying the rules to
allow some animals that die of natural causes to be left in the countryside to rot.   More information at: and at: 210-9212321.
The change in the legislation will restore a traditional source of vulture food.
Before 2002, farmers could legally dump the carcasses of cows and sheep in
designated areas. Spain's vultures could soon be feasting on plentiful numbers
of rotting animals once more.

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                                                                                      Daughters following dad’s career (18-03-2009)
Plans for a brave new Paris (18-03-2009)

Sarkozy has asked architects to come up with a sustainable city of the future

Paris may be getting a facelift, the Telegraph reports. Nicolas Sarkozy invited
                                                                                      The bond between a father and a daughter has always been a complex one
10 leading architects to cook up Grand Paris 2030, giving them "the absolute
freedom to dream." Sarkozy aims to open up the city to its suburbs, shorten
intra-city commutes, and create vast green spaces. The architects will now            Women nowadays are three times more likely than those born a century ago to
present their plans to the public for debate.                                         do what men have done for millennia — follow their father's footsteps into his
                                                                                      line of work, a newly announced study finds. One way or another, fathers and
                                                                                      daughters have been paying more attention to each other, and daughters
Some of the architects’ ideas:
                                                                                      picked up job cues or assistance from dads, as more and more women entered
                                                                                      the labor force, the research suggests. Just under 6 percent of women born
     •    Create an “archipelago” of four economic “buds” around Paris and            from 1909 to 1915 worked in their father's occupation, while around 20 percent
          move a massive train station outside the city.                              of women born in the mid-1970s do so (they are in their early 30s now), the
     •    Build the “Grand Paris of Poets” in a flower shape, complete with new       researchers found. Some of this increase is just a result of women's increased
          cultural landmarks.                                                         participation in the work force — women's labor force participation has tripled in
     •    Create 20 sustainable towns, each with a population of 500,000; double      the past century. However, economists Melinda Morrill of North Carolina State
          the number of forests; and plant fields outside the city so urbanites can   University and Judith Hellerstein of the University of Maryland, College Park,
          farm their own food.                                                        also were able to statistically pull out the impact of dad's work on a daughter's
                                                                                      career choice. They found that a significant amount of the probability that a
                                                                                      woman will follow in her father's occupational footsteps can be attributed just to
                                                                                      the increased transmission of "occupation-specific human capital" between
                                                                                      fathers and daughters. Human capital just refers to skills and experiences that
                                                                                      help someone career-wise.

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Gravity and Ocean Circulation Explorer satellite
launched (18-03-2009)
                                                                                       Earth Hour starts from Greece (19-03-2009)

Goce will help scientists understand how oceans are changing as the planet heats up

              Space engineers successfully launched Europe's gravity mapping
                                                                                       At 8:30pm on Saturday 28 March, people from all corners of the world will turn off their lights for
              satellite, Gravity and Ocean Circulation Explorer (Goce), into orbit.    one hour - Earth Hour - and cast their vote for action on climate change. Anybody can participate
              The probe's launch had been suspended only seven seconds from            and join together with millions of people across the globe celebrating Earth Hour
              blast off when controllers at the Plesetsk cosmodrome in Arkangel
              in north-west Russia suspended countdown.                                              This year the Earth Hour will start from Greece, which managed to
                                                                                                     get ahead of Australia and will be the first one to turn off all lights
The Goce satellite blasted off around 2.30pm GMT and engineers picked up a                           on March 28th as symbol protest against climate changes. All
signal from the craft about 90 minutes later. The satellite will map tiny variations                 together 270 municipalities and 18 thousand citizens will participate
in Earth's gravity and reveal new data about the circulation of heat in the                          in this protest. The third country after Australia is Canada. “We
oceans. It has been described as one of the most stylish, and important,                             want to show that we are many and we are ready for action, in
satellites ever built by European scientists. The 16ft torpedo-shaped probe –          order to prevent climate changes,” said Georgios Velidis from the Greek branch
the Gravity and Ocean Circulation Explorer, or Goce – was blasted into space           of the ecological organization WWF. The Greek participation in the Earth Hour
on a Russian SS-19 missile.                                                            will not only be on a mass scale but it will also be spectacular.

The £200m satellite – constructed by the European Space Agency, Esa - will             Some of the most famous archeological landmarks will join the campaign, in
swoop over the atmosphere to measure Earth's gravity with unprecedented                order to add glamour and finesse. With a solid vote the central archeological
accuracy. The data it returns will be vital to scientists trying to understand the     council decided to turn off the lights of all Greek landmarks, which are of utmost
impact of climate change on Earth, and in particular for climate researchers           world significance, from 08:30 pm to 09:30 pm on March 28th. Among them are
who are seeking to understand how oceans transport heat around the planet.             the Parthenon, Poseidon’s temple on cape Sounio, Hephaestus temple, which
                                                                                       is under the Acropolis, and the beautiful hanging bridge Rio-Antirio near Patra.

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Nearly 1 billion people, will turn off their home lights, from more than 1000                      ActionAid argues that the fall is due to both the financial crisis and the global
cities, among which are London, New York, Buenos Aires, Istanbul, Beijing,                         recession - 22 billion dollars due to the financial crisis, on top of a 27 billion
Moscow.                                                                                            dollars drop in export earnings, aid and income from rich countries that are now
                                                                                                   themselves in recession. The charity says that this is equal to a pay cut of
                                                                                                   nearly 10 percent for the continent as a whole. And in the worst affected
                                                                                                   countries such as South Africa, the drop in income could be as much as 50 per
                                                                                                   cent. "There is a real risk that development will start to go backwards in many
                                                                                                   countries as the money dries up and that the recession will lead to worsening
                                                                                                   poverty and terrible consequences for the men, women and children caught in
                                                                                                   its grip."

In some places it hurts more (19-03-2009)

                                                                                                   Roads to future (19-03-2009)

The World Bank's chief economist for Africa has already predicted that 700,000 children may well
die over the next few years as a result of the financial crisis and the ensuing recession

Africa will suffer a huge drop in income because of the financial crisis – with the
worst affected countries seeing a fall in income of up to 50 per cent, according
to a new report from ActionAid.                                                                    Harm from road traffic crashes is greater than that from all other transportation modes (air, sea,
                                                                                                   space, off-terrain, etc.) combined
The report, ''Where does it hurt? The impact of the financial crisis on developing
countries'', unpicks the different ways the crisis is affecting the economies of                   The Road Safety Institute “Panos Mylonas”, in cooperation with ATTIKI ODOS
developing countries. It shows that the countries which will be hardest hit are                    S.A., GEFYRA S.A., COSMOTE, DIAGEO Hellas and GENESIS Pharma,
those which have opened up their financial sectors the most over the past few                      organize a Press Conference on the occasion of the alliance initiated among
years. As Gordon Brown meets African leaders in London on Monday to                                them, entitled “Roads to the Future’. Alliance for road safety and culture”. The
discuss the effects of the recession on their economies ahead of the G20                           Press Conference will be held on Friday 20th Match 2009, at 12:30, at Olympia
summit in April, ActionAid’s research predicts that Africa will suffer a drop of                   Hall, Aegli Zappeiou.
income of up to US$49 billion, as calculated between 2007 and the end of this

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Purpose of the event is to raise public awareness on the common initiative of      Pope: Condoms not the answer (19-03-2009)
the above corporations on Road Safety, in the framework of the alliance “Roads
to the Future. Alliance for road safety and culture”. Aim of the alliance is to
promote actions, which can ensure our road safety, improve our traffic attitude,
seeking better provision and reduction of car accidents.

The alliance will focus on the following issues:

    •   • Road Safety
    •   • Road Decency
    •   • Environment and Transports
    •   • Volunteerism for Road Safety and Culture
                                                                                   The Pope had given a similar message to African bishops who visited the Vatican in 2005, when he
The event also features the presence of Mrs. Isabell Kardacz, Head of Road         told them that abstinence and fidelity, not condoms, were the means to tackle the epidemic
Safety Department of the European Commission, Mr. Antonio Avenoso,
executive director of the European Transport Safety Council, as well as local      Pope Benedict XVI, who is making his first papal visit to Africa, has said that
self-government’s corporations and representatives of the Hellenic Ministries of   handing out condoms is not the answer in the fight against HIV/Aids. The
Health, Transports and Environment, Physical Planning & Public Works.              pontiff, who preaches marital fidelity and abstinence, said the practice only
                                                                                   increased the problem. "A Christian can never remain silent," he said, after
                                                                                   being greeted on arrival in Cameroon by President Paul Biya. The Pope is also
                                                                                   due to visit Angola on his week-long trip, where thousands are expected to
                                                                                   attend open-air Masses. Some 22 million people are infected with HIV in sub-
                                                                                   Saharan Africa, according to UN figures for 2007. This amounts to about two-
                                                                                   thirds of the global total.

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Schools are trained in recycling (19-03-2009)                                                   Strive for '100 steps per minute' (19-03-2009)

Educating children about the importance of recycling and the environment provides a path to a
greener future                                                                                  In general, men needed to walk at a pace of 92 to 102 steps per minute to achieve a moderately
                                                                                                intense workout for their hearts. The range for women was between 91 and 115 steps per minute

In the framework of the pilot program “Schools for Recycling” of the Hellenic
                                                                                                You should be taking 100 steps each minute for half an hour a day if you want
Ministry of Education, the Municipality of Marousi launches a raising awareness
                                                                                                to achieve "moderate" exercise by walking, a study shows. A US team reached
campaign for Primary and High School students.
                                                                                                the figure after measuring the body's oxygen demand in some 100 people
                                                                                                walking on a treadmill. They wrote in the American Journal of Preventive
The campaign is carried out in cooperation with Appliances Recycling S.A. and                   Medicine that a pedometer alone was not enough to gauge exercise, as it gave
the Hellenic Recovery Recycling Corporation. The Marousi Municipality has                       no data on intensity. US and UK guidelines urge half an hour of moderate
already placed two kinds of buckets at every school of the municipality - a blue                exercise five days a week. But there is often confusion as to what constitutes
one for paper, glass, plastic and aluminium recycling and a green one for                       moderate exercise, and the amount of gardening, housework or walking
appliances recycling. The presentation of the project to the students will take                 needed to confer health benefits. Researchers at the San Diego State
place by the Chairman of the Hellenic Organization for the Environment,                         University based their conclusions on exercise tests given to 97 healthy adults
Physical Planning and Life Quality, Mr. Antonis Partsinevelos and the Chairman                  who had an average age of 32. In general, men needed to walk at a pace of 92
of the Developmental Corporation of Marousi Municipality, Mr. Stefanos                          to 102 steps per minute to achieve a moderately intense workout for their
Tsipourakis. The project is estimated to be completed in three weeks time.                      hearts. The range for women was between 91 and 115 steps per minute.
Coordinator: Mr Pantelis Tsitsimpasis. More information at 210-8760150 & 210-                   "Because health benefits can be achieved with bouts of exercise lasting at least
8760253/254.                                                                                    10 minutes, a useful starting point is to try to accumulate 1000 steps in 10
                                                                                                minutes, before building up to 3000 steps in 30 minutes," said Simon Marshall,
                                                                                                lead researcher.

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Gambians'taken by witch doctors' (19-03-2009)                                     Celebrating World Water Day 2009 (20-03-2009)

Traditional healers, often called witch doctors, use ancient treatments           The United Nations designated March 22 of each year as World Water Day, with the overall
                                                                                  objective to draw attention to conservation and development of water resources, through such
                                                                                  methods as advocacy, publication, and organization of conferences focusing on a theme
Up to 1,000 Gambian villagers have been abducted by "witch doctors" to secret
detention centres and forced to drink potions, a human rights group says.
Amnesty International said some forced to drink the concoctions developed                      Each year on March 22, World Water Day attracts international
kidney problems, and two had died. Officials in the police, army and the                       attention to conservation and development of water resources.
president's personal protection guard had accompanied the "witch doctors" in                   "Shared Waters–Shared Opportunities" is the theme for World
the bizarre roundup, said witnesses. Gambia's government was unavailable to                    Water Day 2009. Although approximately three-quarters of the
comment on the claims. The human rights group asserted that many of those                      Earth is covered by water, only about 3% of all the water available
abducted were elderly. The London-based rights group said the witch hunters,      on the planet is fresh water. Most of the fresh water is locked up in glaciers and
said to be from neighbouring Guinea, were invited into Gambia after the death     icecaps or is located underground. Surface sources of fresh water, like lakes
of the president's aunt earlier this year was blamed on witchcraft. Kate Allen,   and rivers, contain less than 0.01% of the total amount of water on the planet,
Amnesty's UK director, said hundreds of Gambians have fled to neighbouring        yet they continue to be the main sources of drinking water for people around
Senegal for safety after seeing their villages attacked.                          the world.

"The Gambian government has to put a stop to this campaign, investigate these     During the last century, both global water usage and the global population have
attacks immediately and bring those responsible to justice," she said.            grown. However, water usage has increased at a rate more than twice that of
                                                                                  the population. Although there is not yet a global water scarcity, a growing
                                                                                  number of regions are facing chronic water shortages. Furthermore, in many
                                                                                  places the available water is unsafe for drinking because it is contaminated with
                                                                                  bacteria, parasites, viruses, and chemicals from human and animal waste or
                                                                                  various agricultural and industrial processes.

                                                                                                                                                                   Page 64 of 91
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This year, World Water Day draws particular attention to the challenges of                        the Vegetable Orchestra. The most diverse music styles fuse here -
transboundary water, which refers to surface or ground water sources that                         contemporary music, beat-oriented House tracks, experimental Electronic, Free
cross shared borders. Worldwide, there are 263 transboundary lakes and river                      Jazz, Noise, Dub, Clicks'n'Cuts - the musical scope of the ensemble expands
basins that include the territory of 145 countries. Close to one third of these 263               consistently, and recently developed vegetable instruments and their inherent
basins are shared by three or more countries, and 19 of them are shared by                        sounds often determine the direction. The Vegetable Orchestra performs music
five or more countries. Despite the complexity of these boundaries, there have                    solely on instruments made of vegetables.The ensemble overcomes preserved
been hundreds of successful international transboundary agreements.                               and marinated sound conceptions or tirelessly re-stewed listening habits,
Organizations, such as The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural                    putting its focus on expanding the variety of vegetable instruments, developing
Organization (UNESCO) and The United Nations Economic Commission for                              novel musical ideas and exploring fresh vegetable sound gardensa.
Europe (UNECE), are working to ensure the peaceful collaboration of countries
who share water systems.

Vegetable’s music (20-03-2009)

Using carrot flutes, pumpkin basses, leek violins, leek-zucchini-vibrators, cucumberophones and
celery bongos, the orchestra creates its own extraordinary and vegetabile sound universe

There is one orchestra that loves vegetables. Worldwide one of a kind, the
Vienna Vegetable Orchestra performs on instruments made of fresh
vegetables. The utilization of various ever refined vegetable instruments
creates a musically and aesthetically unique sound universe. The Vegetable
Orchestra was founded in 1998 in Vienna. There are no musical boundaries for

                                                                                                                                                                    Page 65 of 91
Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                                     News Archive / March 2009

Books and instruments for students in fire-ravaged
Ilia (20-03-2009)

                                                                                                        Internet ''unlocks'' Egypt women (20-03-2009)

                                                                                                        Subjects that are taboo on the street can be discussed online. They discuss issues such as sexual
                                                                                                        harassment, which is often pigeon-holed in Egypt as a ''woman's problem''

                                                                                                        Young Egyptian women are using blogs and online radio stations to beat the
                                                                                                        censors and to fight for equality. Despite making up only 24% of the workforce
                                                                                                        in Egypt, 30% of women use the internet. But it is the middle and upper classes
                                                                                                        that have really taken to the internet as an alternative way to discuss topics and
Many villages of the Ileia perfecture had been totally burnt down during the wildfires of August 2007   exchange information and air what many conservatives would consider to be
                                                                                                        radical views. Often exploiting the anonymity afforded by the internet they tell
The NGO “FILYRA” organizes for the 4th time a dispatch with books and music                             personal stories, share political and cultural views, post favourite pictures, and
instruments supporting the schools at Zacharo and Goumerou in the prefecture                            talk about their daily frustrations.
of Ilia, on March 28 and 29. Active citizens, publishing houses and associations
are invited to support the action that focuses on the relief of the perfecture's                        Egyptian blogger Dalia Ziada called on Saudi Arabia to end what she considers
citizens after the wild forest-fires of August 2007, by offering books, games and                       discrimination against young Muslim women, in a campaign timed to coincide
music instruments.                                                                                      with the Prophet Muhammad's birthday. Another blogger who wanted to remain
                                                                                                        anonymous, writes about her past as a drug addict and has criticised what she
Every interested individual, publishing house or association can contact at: 210-                       calls Arab society's "continuing obsession with female virginity. Another
4942962 & 6944-744120                                                                                   significant way in which the blogosphere is being used to change Egyptian
                                                                                                        society is that it is one of the few public spaces in Egypt where men and
and via e-mail at:                                                                   women are represented more-or-less equally. It makes collaboration on social
                                                                                                        issues possible between men and women.

                                                                                                                                                                                         Page 66 of 91
Citizen In Deed                                                                                                                                     News Archive / March 2009

UN doubles food aid to Kenya (20-03-2009)                                               Red: deters rather than attract (20-03-2009)

Kenyans scramble for maize in the Mathare slum in Nairobi

The United Nations food agency will give food aid to more than double the
number of people it is currently helping in Kenya.The World Food Programme
(WFP) will now feed 3.5 million people hit by drought and high food prices.             The colour red acts as a warning to large vertebrate herbivores like emus, parrots and kangaroos
Many families are struggling to find food for one meal a day, it said. The
Kenyan government declared a national disaster in January following the failure         Naturalists have always believed that flowers had developed a bright and
of the short rains in south-eastern and coastal areas. BBC correspondents say           vibrant appearance to attract insects, mammals and birds needed for cross-
last year's political violence has also contributed to food shortages because
                                                                                        pollination. But biologists from three universities have published a report which
many displaced people were unable to plant their crops.                                 disproves the theory - claiming the striking red colour deters herbivores
                                                                                        because of high cyanide levels. The team studied plants in Western Australia
Falling remittances from abroad, due to the global financial crisis, have               and found the need to defend themselves against predators has been a major
compounded the crisis, the WFP said. "Kenyans already struggling with drought           factor in their evolution.
and high food prices are now being hit by the financial crisis," said Burkard
Oberle, WFP Kenya country director. He added that rates of child malnutrition           Experts from the Universities of Plymouth and Portsmouth and Curtin
in pastoral and marginal agricultural districts, for instance, were already             University, in Western Australia discovered consistently higher levels of cyanide
beginning to reach or surpass crisis levels. In response, the WFP will increase
                                                                                        in the large, red flowers - such as roses and poppies - which commonly
the numbers of people in Kenya receiving general food distributions from 1.2            employed by plants to deter herbivores. As cyanide is commonly employed by
million people to 2.5 million in the period until February 2010. It also said it will   plants to deter herbivores, they believe this proves that bird-pollinated flowers
provide 1.5 million children with school meals as an incentive to keep them in
                                                                                        have evolved as a response to herbivore attack. The close association between
education. The new WFP operation in Kenya will cost a total of $474m (£340m)            red flowers, bird-pollination and high floral cyanide levels also suggests a
from April 2009 through March 2012.
                                                                                        second major revision of how biologists must now view floral evolution.

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Dr Mick Hanley, a leading scientist in the study, says this shows that animals        measures of growth and physical maturation in 143 children between the ages
that eat the plants learn to associate the colour with the bitter taste produced by   of 11 and 15.
                                                                                      The findings, reported in the journal Physiology & Behavior, suggest that
                                                                                      children's heightened liking for sweet taste is related to their high growth rate
                                                                                      and that sweet preferences decline as children's physical growth slows and
                                                                                      eventually stops.

Biological reasons for kids' preference to sweets

                                                                                      “Teaching Students Effective Use of Recycling
                                                                                      Systems in Schools” (23-03-2009)

Study suggests that sweet preference is related to physical growth

As any parent knows, children love sweet-tasting foods. Now, new research
from the University of Washington and the Monell Center indicates that this
heightened liking for sweetness has a biological basis and is related to
children's high growth rate. "The relationship between sweet preference and
growth makes intuitive sense because when growth is rapid, caloric demands
                                                                                      Children are the most important components in the effort to protect and improve the environment
increase. Children are programmed to like sweet taste because it fills a
biological need by pushing them towards energy sources," said Monell
geneticist Danielle Reed, PhD, one of the study authors.                                           The City of Athens and the Ministry of Education's Athens 1st
                                                                                                   Department Primary Education and Secondary Education
                                                                                                   Environmental Education Offices jointly held an Environmental
Across cultures, children prefer higher levels of sweetness in their foods as                      Education Seminar on waste management in schools, at the City of
compared to adults, a pattern that declines during adolescence. To explore the                     Athens Cultural Centre, in an effort to reinforce the concept of
biological underpinnings of this shift, Reed and University of Washington             recycling in schools.
researcher Susan Coldwell, PhD, looked at sweet preference and biological

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During the course of the seminar, Athens school teachers had the opportunity                    The event was opened with a brief address by the Chairman of the
to be informed on recycling programmes, effective waste management and the                      Coordinative Committee Mr. Dimitris Kalaitzidis, under the title “the water and
importance of educating and raising the awareness of students on the                            the rivers in an era of climate changes”.The event featured also a photo
environment. A message by Education and Religious Affairs Minister Aris                         exhibition.
Spiliotopoulos was conveyed at the seminar. Deputy Mayor for Waste
Management and Environment Mr Yiorgos Dimopoulos referred to the targeted
action carried out by the City of Athens to boost greenery in the city, conserve
energy and water resources and promote recycling.

                                                                                                Rights group: IDF violated medical ethics in Gaza

Rivers and climate change (23-03-2009)

                                                                                                Many hospitals in the region of Gaza strip were also bombed during the Gaza offensive in
                                                                                                December 2008 and January 2009

As a result climate change, major rivers worldwide have experienced dramatic changes in flow,   An Israeli human rights group on Monday said the military violated medical
reducing their natural ability to adjust to and absorb disturbances                             ethics codes during its Gaza offensive in December and January. Physicians
                                                                                                for Human Rights-Israel (PHR) described alleged incidents that "reveal that not
The Educational and Coordinative Committee of the Environmental Education                       only did the military not evacuate besieged and wounded families, it also
Net “The River” held an event, celebrated the the World Day of Water and River                  prevented Palestinian medical teams from reaching the wounded."
(22 of March) with an event on March 19, at the premises of Elliniki Etairia.
                                                                                                PHR's report followed accusations by other human rights groups and
The event was attended by the students of Raleios High School, who sewed                        Palestinians that Israel's actions during the 22-day offensive in the Palestinian
together banners, sent by schools from all over the country, in a single banner-                coastal enclave, controlled by the Islamist Hamas group, warranted war crimes
patchwork, which was placarded at the balcony of Elliniki Etaireia, from the 19th               investigations. The Israel Defense Forces said the High Court had dismissed a
until the 22nd of March 2009.                                                                   petition PHR lodged on Jan. 19, a day after the offensive ended, and that the
                                                                                                allegations were still being investigated.

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                                                                                               For a wolrd free of Tuberculosis (23-03-2009)
Fast food with olive oil (23-03-2009)

                                                                                               Tuberculosis is a common and often deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria and usually
                                                                                               attacks the lungs

                                                                                               The Nursing Domain of the Hellenic RED CROSS has launched a campaign for
After many years of delay fast food chains are making a swift to healthier and greener menus   tuberculosis, within the framework of the World Day for Tuberculosis on March
working with dietician, in order to approach the Mediterranean diet                            24 and due to the steady increase of such cases of the disease. The campaign
                                                                                               has an informative character aiming to contribute to the fight against the
Fast-food chains are making an effort to integrate healthier ingredients into their            disease. This initiative is being carried out by the cooperation of the Hellenic
menu. Since 2nd March 2009, Goody’s fast-food chain uses only olive oil for                    Centre for Infectious Diseases Control (H.C.I.D.C.), the external pediatric
the preparation of its dishes, constituting the first fast-food chain in Europe that           surgery of the “ELENA VENIZELOU” Hospital, as well as the regional
makes a step forward. Aim of Goody’s is to launch a more traditional diet and to               prefectures and the departments of the Primary Education of the Ministry of
offer healthier choices to its customers.                                                      National Education and Religious Affairs.

As it is noted, unlit now, Goody’s has been using palm-oil, which is considered                The campaign, under the title “Fow a world free of tuberculosis” is being carried
to be of a very low quality, according to experts. Answering to the question of                during March, in schools of high risk areas where there is an increased number
the Greek newspaper “TA NEA”, why they haven’t used olive oil for their menu                   of refugees without any access to health services.
earlier, Goody’s said: “This wasn’t an easy change. It took us two years of
research to determine the technical specifications of olive oil, in order to be
suitable for use.”

Olive oil is considered to be a more expensive choice, since after the first use, it
loses all its valuable ingredients and therefore, it must be replaced frequently.

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Robotic self-guided fish to monitor sea pollution
                                                                                                       Dalai Lama denied visa to SA (23-03-2009)

A nearly lifelike fish is the latest achievement of robotics. Uniquely, this fish is completely self
guided and mimics the undulating motions of the real thing

             Science fiction by its very nature is prescient. This is been proved
             by developments in the field of robotics. And increasingly
             researchers are trying to mimic the natural world through their
             work. And they are getting close as this news item from U.K shows.
             British scientists have developed a self automated robotic fish
which will be released in the sea off north Spain near Gijon. Its deep sea                             Dalai Lama
mission – to seek out pollutants from ocean faring vessels and oil pipelines.
The standout feature of the technology is that the five ‘fishes’ are completely
self guided. Armed with chemical sensors and connected through Wi-Fi with the                          South Africa’s popular archbishop emeritus Desmond Tutu has threatened to
handlers, the carp-shaped robots can swim about and do their work without                              boycott a peace conference planned for next week in Johannesburg after the
constant human control. It uses sensors and navigational controls to detect and                        South African government reportedly denied the Dalai Lama a visa, a
respond to changes in its environment.                                                                 newspaper said Sunday. South Africa’s Sunday Independent quoted an angry
                                                                                                       Tutu as saying: “If His Holiness’s visa is refused, then I won’t take part in the
                                                                                                       upcoming 2010 World Cup-related peace conference.” The Nobel Peace Prize
Though at a length of 1.5 meters, it can hardly be said to be a small ‘fish’, the                      winner accused South Africa, which has close ties with China, of “shamelessly
scientists for the first time have brought the design and its behavior close to                        succumbing to Chinese pressure” and said he was “ashamed”.
that of the actual aquatic denizens. The design of the robot fish came out
through the teamwork between the engineering company BMT Group and
Essex University. Rory Doyle, a participant researcher says that the ‘close to                         The Dalai Lama had been billed to share the stage at the peace conference
the real thing’ approach was intentional.                                                              with Tutu and former presidents Nelson Mandela and F.W. De Klerk, all Nobel
                                                                                                       laureates like the Tibetan spiritual leader.

                                                                                                       A spokesman for the F.W. de Klerk Foundation told the Independent that De
                                                                                                       Klerk “and other laureates” would also reconsider their position in the event and
                                                                                                       warned of damage to the World Cup, which is being staged next year in South

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Free laptops for high school juniors (24-03-2009)                                                Issues of water (24-03-2009)

School administrators say the laptop program, aims, among others, at eliminating the so-called
''digital divide'' between wealthy and poor students

As from September 2009 all high school junior students will have the chance to
get their own laptop either for free or at a big discount. That is according to a
new scheme by the Special Secretariat for Digital Planning, which is due to be
approved by the European Commission. On the approval of the scheme, about
110.000 laptops will be provided to student by the autumn of 2009. The                           Water consumption and world water quality were among the issues discussed during the event
procedure will be simple. The students who are interested in having a free
laptop will declare their interest to their school secretariat. All applications of                            On the occasion of the World Water Day 2009, the Pan-Hellenic
interest will be gathered by the Ministry of Education, which in collaboration                                 Centre of Ecological Researches in cooperation with the Central
with the Secretariat for Digital Planning, they will send via post a special                                   Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece and the
discount voucher with a personal code number to every eligible student.                                        Prefecture of Athens organized a raising awareness meeting, on
Voucher’s price is estimated to be at around 500 – 550 euros. However, the                                     Sunday 22nd March 2009.
final price may loom much higher than the estimated figures, while that
depends from the discussions with the European Union. The total expense for                      The event featured discussions on water consumption in Greece, the European
the realisation of the project is estimated at about 80 – 90m euros, a sum that –                directive on water, which has been implemented since 2000, the hazardous
besides all – will invigorate the information technology market.                                 chemical pollutants in underground waters and their consequences to human

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health, the actions of Athens Prefecture on Water Handling, the introduction of   Trees: More than carbon sinks (24-03-2009)
sustainable methods to cover the water needs, water quality worldwide as well
as the need to develop a plan on water handling.

The meeting reached the following conclusions:

    1. More detailed tests must be conducted on the systems of water
    2. The competent corporations must join forces in order to obtain the best
       possible results.
    3. We must reuse water in activities that don’t require quite clean water.

More information at:

                                                                                  Fruits, leaves, wood and bark provide the vital resources for rural life

                                                                                                  In the absence of trees, our communities would simply collapse,"
                                                                                                  states Andrew Dokurugu, a project officer for Tree Aid. Speaking
                                                                                                  from the charity's West Africa offices in Burkina Faso, he explains
                                                                                                  how trees are vital for poor rural villages to survive in the long-term.

                                                                                  "We are looking at ways to promote sustainable agriculture and agroforestry,"
                                                                                  he tells BBC News. "This will help ensure that the remaining trees are well
                                                                                  looked after and that communities have access to the trees they require." Using
                                                                                  the Family Trees and Land Use scheme in northern Ghana, one of Tree Aid-led
                                                                                  projects that have helped 600,000 villagers, Mr Dokurgu outlines why so many
                                                                                  communities in West Africa are facing tough times.

                                                                                  "Rural settlements located close to big cities have particularly difficult
                                                                                  challenges," he says.

                                                                                  "Urban developments damage the environment and remove trees for use in the
                                                                                  cities. "This quickly deprives rural areas of their sources of food, fuel and other

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tree products." Rising urban populations and expanding cities makes life                      immigrants and refugees, entitled “Come to know us better”. In the framework
tougher both inside and outside the city boundaries. Tree Aid was set up in                   of the event, the members of the Association of Nigerian Women in Greece,
1987 by a small group of foresters who were keen to use their expertise to help               along with their children, visited the Cycladic Art Museum, where its specialized
people in Africa, explained programme director Tony Hill.                                     staff showed them aroun to the permanent collections. Purpose of the event
                                                                                              was to give to the young visitors the chance to see the permanent exhibits and
                                                                                              to get closer to the ancient Cycladic culture.

African children getting closer to ancient Cycladic
art and culture (24-03-2009)                                                                  British scientists to create synthetic human blood

                                                                                              Blood supplies are stretched

                                                                                              UK scientists plan a major research project to see if synthetic human blood can
                                                                                              be made from embryonic stem cells. Led by the Scottish National Blood
                                                                                              Transfusion Service, the three year trial could provide an unlimited supply of
                                                                                              blood for emergency transfusions. The blood should be free of infections like
                                                                                              the human form of mad cow disease. Teams will test human embryos left over
                                                                                              from IVF treatment to find those destined to develop into the universal "O-
                                                                                              negative" blood donor group. O-negative blood can be transfused into anyone
                                                                                              without fear of tissue rejection and is the only safe option when a patient's
The Cup-Bearer, a Cycladic figurine of unknown provenance dating between 2800-2200 B.C., is
displayed at the N. P. Goulandris Foundation-Museum of Cycladic Art in Athens                 blood group is unknown or not immediately available. This precious blood is in
                                                                                              limited supply because only 7% of the population belongs to this blood group.
On the occasion of the International Day Against Racism and Xenophobia                        The Wellcome Trust is understood to have promised £3 million towards the cost
(Saturday 21st March 2009), Cycladic Art Museum in cooperation with the NGO                   of the multimillion-pound project, with further funding coming from the blood
PRAKSIS organized an innovative awareness action on the Greek Culture, for                    transfusion services of Scotland, and England and Wales.

                                                                                                                                                                 Page 74 of 91
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                                                                                                   Polar bears in danger (24-03-2009)

Nano: The world’s cheapest car (24-03-2009)

                                                                                                   The range states agreed in 1973 to protect polar bears and their habitat, but they have not met for
                                                                                                   28 years

                                                                                                               Global warming is threatening polar bears as it melts their icy Arctic
                                                                                                               habitat, Norway's environment minister said on Monday. If the ice is
                                                                                                               disintegrating in the Arctic, it will have enormous impact on polar
Tata owner Ratan Tata has described the Nano as a ''milestone''. Analysts say it will not make a
                                                                                                               bears," Environment and Development Minister Erik Solheim told
profit for six years                                                                                           reporters on the eve of a meeting to discuss the future of the huge
                                                                                                   white carnivore.
Costing just 100,000 rupees ($1,979; £1,366), the Nano is being launched in
Mumbai later, before going on sale across India over the next 10 days. Tata                        The meeting is the first since 1981 to bring together states which are home to
hopes the 10 feet (3 metre) long, five-seater car will be cheap enough to                          polar bears -- Norway, Russia, Canada, the United States and Danish-
encourage millions of Indians to trade up from their motorcycles.                                  administered Greenland.

Car industry analysts estimate it will take five or six years for Tata to start to                 "Clearly the main point in a rescue plan for the polar bear is to reduce global
make a profit from the Nano. The four-door Nano has a 33bhp, 624cc engine at                       warming," Solheim said.
the rear.The basic model has no airbags, air conditioning, radio, or power
steering. However, more luxurious versions will be available.                                      The world's polar bear population is estimated at 20,000-25,000 animals, with
                                                                                                   2,200-4,000 belonging to the Barents Sea population of Norway and
A slightly bigger European version, the Nano Europa is due to follow in 2011,                      northwestern Russia.Solheim said it was very helpful that the United States
and is expected to cost nearer to £4,000.                                                          under former President George W. Bush put the polar bear on the list of
                                                                                                   endangered species.

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Death penalty in 2008: Cruel, discriminatory, unfair                                            The report addresses the discriminatory manner with which the death penalty
                                                                                                was often applied in 2008. A disproportionate number of sentences were
and degrading (26-03-2009)                                                                      handed down to the poor, minorities and members of racial, ethnic and religious
                                                                                                communities in countries such as Iran, Sudan, Saudi Arabia and USA.

                                                                                                The risk of executing the innocent continues, as highlighted by the four inmates
                                                                                                released from death row in the USA on grounds of innocence. Many death row
                                                                                                inmates languish in harsh detention conditions and face psychological
                                                                                                hardship. For example, inmates in Japan are typically notified of their hanging
                                                                                                only on the morning of their execution and their families are informed only after
                                                                                                the execution has taken place. Most of the world is moving a step closer to the
                                                                                                abolition of the death penalty, with only 25 out of the 59 countries that retain the
                                                                                                death penalty reported to have actually executed people in 2008. However,
                                                                                                Amnesty International warned that, in spite of this trend, death sentences
                                                                                                continue to be handed out in their hundreds all over the world.

Amnesty International: Beheadings, electrocutions, hangings, lethal injections, shootings and
stonings have no place in the 21st century

More people were executed in Asia than in any other part of the world in 2008.
China carried out more executions than the rest of the world put together. By
contrast, in Europe, only one country continues to use the death penalty:
Belarus. "The death penalty is the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading
punishment. Beheadings, electrocutions, hangings, lethal injections, shootings
and stonings have no place in the 21st century," said Irene Khan, Secretary
General of Amnesty International as Amnesty International issued revealed its
figures on the use of the death penalty last year. The report, Death Sentences
and Executions in 2008, provides a world overview on the death penalty.
Between January and December 2008, at least 2,390 people were executed in
25 countries around the world, with at least 8,864 sentenced to death in 52
states. The Middle East and North Africa was the region with the second
highest number of executions (508). In Iran, stoning and hanging were among
the cruel and inhumane methods used with at least 346 people put to death,
including eight juvenile offenders. In Saudi Arabia, where execution is usually
by public beheading and is, in some cases, followed by crucifixion, at least 102
people were executed. The report also details the countries that handed down
death sentences after unfair trials, including Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria,
Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Yemen.

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Saving money campaign (26-03-2009)

                                                                                                  An air of aid ''without borders'' (26-03-2009)

                                                                                                  Aid groups reach vulnerable populations in every part of the world in the name of ''borderless
                                                                                                  humanitarian aid''
Piggy - banks can serve as a pedagogical device to teach the rudiments of thrift and savings to
children                                                                                          Back in 1971, in the wake of the famine in Biafra, Nigeria, Bernard Kouchner,
                                                                                                  now the French foreign minister, and a group of close friends sat around a table
A pan - hellenic campaign on money saving has been launched by the Hellenic                       in Paris and founded Médecins Sans Frontières, or Doctors Without Borders, a
Postbank. The organisers are travelling with a specially formed bus around 13                     private association that provides assistance to victims of natural or man-made
greek cities realising events on the benefits of money saving. After its first stop               disasters and armed conflict. Since then, their "borderless" philosophy has
in Volos, on March 19, the Hellenic Postbank’s bus will visit the following cities:               become a global phenomenon. There are now dozens of associations using
                                                                                                  "without borders" in their names, from lawyers and engineers to more
     •    Friday 27th March: Kozani – Nikis Square                                                questionable groups like geeks and clowns. Jean-François Julliard, president of
                                                                                                  Reporters Without Borders in France says he believes the increasing number of
     •    Saturday 28th March: Grevena – Aimilianou Square, G. Mpousiou str.
                                                                                                  organizations carrying the "without borders" name has created a network of
     •    Tuesday 31st March: Ioannina – Pyrrou Central Square
                                                                                                  like-minded agencies with similar goals. Sometimes, the groups work hand-in-
     •    Thursday 2nd April: Arta – Ethnikis Antistasis Square                                   hand. Christopher Alden, an expert in African politics and foreign policy at the
     •    Saturday 4th April: Lefkada – Angelou Sikelianou Square                                 London School of Economics, points out that the "borderless" organizations still
     •    Monday 6th April: Preveza – Androutsou Square                                           must deal with a bordered reality. "These groups have the same moral stance
     •    Wednesday 8th April: Corfu – Spianada Square                                            on human rights. But at the same time they are forced to conform to the
                                                                                                  structure of states. The conflict begins on this primordial level," he said. Marie-
Purpose of the campaign is to raise public awareness on money saving and to                       Pierre Allié, president of Doctors Without Borders agrees. "When we enter a
boost its saving account for children “MEGALONO” (Growing Up), distributing                       country it is always done while respecting the existing system and negotiating
piggy-banks to as many children as possible.                                                      access lawfully," she said while making reference to Doctors Without Borders'
                                                                                                  recent suspension of activities in Nigeria.

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                                                                                                 Malaria hotspot map (26-03-2009)

A death trap for animals (26-03-2009)

                                                                                                 The map indicates the regions with the highest rates of malaria cases
In the regions of central and north Greece live about 700 wolves, according to Kallisto's data

                                                                                                 Eliminating malaria in many parts of the world where risk of the disease is high
            Protected species of many wild animals are being hit by cars in                      may be less difficult than previously thought, international researchers said on
            Egnatia Motorway. Among the victims, there are many bears and                        Tuesday. Using data collected from nearly 8,000 local surveys of infection
            recently a wolf, which was found by a game-warden, who called the                    rates, the team built a global map pinpointing areas where malaria remains the
            environmental organization Kallisto. When the members of the                         biggest threat. They found that in many areas transmission rates are below the
            organization arrived at the crash point, the wild animal had already                 level at which controlling the disease with things such as bed nets is a real
been collected by the roadmen of Egnatia Motorway.                                               possibility, Simon Hay of Oxford University in Britain, who led the study, said.
                                                                                                 "In Africa, surprisingly, we found that about half the 660 million people at risk
The Chairman of Callisto Mr. Nikisianis highlighted that more than five fatal                    live in areas where technically you should be able to have a very substantial
accidents have been reported in the area the last year, while tens of wolves                     impact and could bring transmission down to near zero," Hay said in a
have been hit by cars in the rest of the country. However, as he mentioned, the                  telephone interview. "The map is a resource you need to prepare proper
reported incidents is just a sample of what is really going on, given that the                   antimalarial control and elimination."Malaria is one of the deadliest diseases
organization hasn’t always being informed about the accidents.                                   worldwide, killing 880,000 people each year, mostly children under age five in
                                                                                                 sub-Saharan Africa.

                                                                                                                                                                          Page 78 of 91
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Saudi Arabia: TV ban on women (26-03-2009)                                              Universal Music (26-03-2009)

''No Saudi women should appear on TV, no matter what the reason,'' the statement said

                                                                                        Music can be understood in the same way even by people from different backrounds
A group of Saudi clerics urged the kingdom's new information minister on
Sunday to ban women from appearing on TV or in newspapers and magazines,
making clear that the country's hardline religious establishment is skeptical of a      It has long been debated which aspects of music perception are universal and
new push toward moderation.                                                             which are developed only after exposure to a specific musical culture. Here, we
                                                                                        report a crosscultural study with participants from a native African population
                                                                                        (Mafa) and Western participants, with both groups being naive to the music of
In a statement, the 35 hardline clergymen also called on Abdel Aziz Khoja, who
                                                                                        the other respective culture. Experiment 1 investigated the ability to recognize
was appointed by King Abdullah on Feb. 14, to prohibit the playing of music
                                                                                        three basic emotions (happy, sad, scared/fearful) expressed in Western music.
and music shows on television
                                                                                        Results show that the Mafas recognized happy, sad, and scared/fearful
                                                                                        Western music excerpts above chance, indicating that the expression of these
Although it raises the pressure on the new minister, the recommendation is              basic emotions in Western music can be recognized universally. Experiment 2
likely to have little effect. Khoja's appointment was part of a government shake-       examined how a spectral manipulation of original, naturalistic music affects the
up by Abdullah that removed a number of hardline figures and is believed to be          perceived pleasantness of music in Western as well as in Mafa listeners. The
part of an effort to weaken the influence of conservatives in this devout desert        spectral manipulation modified, among other factors, the sensory dissonance of
kingdom.                                                                                the music. The data show that both groups preferred original Western music
                                                                                        and also original Mafa music over their spectrally manipulated versions. It is
"No Saudi women should appear on TV, no matter what the reason," the                    likely that the sensory dissonance produced by the spectral manipulation was
statement said. "No images of women should appear in Saudi newspapers and               at least partly responsible for this effect, suggesting that consonance and
magazines." Saudi Arabia was founded on an alliance with the conservative               permanent sensory dissonance universally influence the perceived
Wahhabi strain of Islam that sees the mixing of sexes as anathema and                   pleasantness of music.
believes the playing of music violates religious values.

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Vote Earth: Your Light switch is your vote (27-03-                                                      Square all stood in darkness. In 2009, Earth Hour is being taken to the next
                                                                                                        level, with the goal of 1 billion people switching off their lights as part of a global
2009)                                                                                                   vote. Unlike any election in history, it is not about what country you’re from, but
                                                                                                        instead, what planet you’re from. VOTE EARTH is a global call to action for
                                                                                                        every individual, every business, and every community. A call to stand up and
                                                                                                        take control over the future of our planet. Over 74 countries and territories have
                                                                                                        pledged their support to VOTE EARTH during Earth Hour 2009, and this
                                                                                                        number is growing everyday. We all have a vote, and every single vote counts.
                                                                                                        Together we can take control of the future of our planet, for future generations.

WWF uges us to vote for earth by simply switching off our lights for one hour, and join the world for   Put People First (27-03-2009)
Earth Hour

              Saturday 28 March 2009. 8:30 p.m. local time. Wherever you live
              on planet earth just switch off your lights. It’s Earth Hour. This year,
              Earth Hour has been transformed into the world’s first global
              election, between Earth and global warming. For the first time in
              history, people of all ages, nationalities, race and background have
the opportunity to use their light switch as their vote – Switching off your lights
is a vote for Earth, or leaving them on is a vote for global warming. WWF are
urging the world to VOTE EARTH and reach the target of 1 billion votes, which
will be presented to world leaders at the Global Climate Change Conference in
Copenhagen 2009.                                                                                        The members of the coalition ''Put People First'' believa that creating a fair, functioning global
                                                                                                        economy means rapidly addressing climate change

This meeting will determine official government policies to take action against
global warming, which will replace the Kyoto Protocol. It is the chance for the                         In anticipation of April's G20 meetings in London, tens of thousands of
people of the world to make their voice heard.                                                          protestors are expected to march from Victoria Embankment to Hyde Park on
                                                                                                        Saturday 28th March 2009 as part of a nationwide 'Put People First!' campaign
                                                                                                        - asking Ministers to prioritise jobs, justice and the climate.
Earth Hour began in Sydney in 2007, when 2.2 million homes and businesses
switched off their lights for one hour. In 2008 the message had grown into a
global sustainability movement, with 50 million people switching off their lights.                      'Put People First!' is a coalition of development charities, trade unions, faith
Global landmarks such as the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, Rome’s                                groups, environmentalists and other organisations, formed in response to calls
Colosseum, the Sydney Opera House and the Coca Cola billboard in Times                                  for a fair and sustainable route out of economic recession.

                                                                                                                                                                                               Page 80 of 91
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‘’Even before the banking collapse, the world suffered from widespread poverty,        verbally and physically abuses his wife. The clip finishes with a scene from a
widening inequality and the threat of climate chaos. For too long, governments         public carpark in which a man assists a woman whose groceries have been
have followed a financial model that has created an economy fuelled by ever-           spilled. The children join in. The tagline for Child Friendly Parenting: “Make your
increasing debt, both financial and environmental.                                     influence positive”.To watch the video please visiti:
Our future depends on creating a world economy based on a fair distribution of
wealth, decent jobs for all and a low carbon future. There can be no going back
to business as usual’’ claims the coalition in its statement. More information on
how you can get involved at:

                                                                                       Because AIDS comes in silence… (27-03-2009)

Children See, Children Do (27-03-2009)

Scene of the video in which a son just like his father next to him abuses his mother
                                                                                       We can't close our eyes to AIDS

Australia’s National Association for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect,        The Non Governmental Organization Life Centre for People with HIV/AIDS
launched a thought-provoking television/cinema campaign this year with                 invites you all to a raising awareness event, on 31st March 2009, at 9 p.m. The
“Children See, Children Do”. The 90 second spot features children following            event will take place at Ianos Hall (24 Stadiou str.) with the participation of two
adults, mimicking their habits. At first the pattern appears to be innocuous,          known singers Panos Mouzourakis and Eleonora Zouganeli. The event features
talking on a mobile phone while walking through a city square, making a call on        an interactive update on HIV/AIDS, ways of transmission and how to prevent it,
a public telephone, waiting behind the yellow line in a railway station. The           by trained volunteers. Entrance free. More information about Life Centre at
behaviour becomes more insidious with a girl copying a woman’s smoking       
habits on an escalator. A boy follows as a grown man carelessly knocks a
struggling mother’s bag off her shoulder. We see examples of litter, drunken
behaviour, road rage, racism and cruelty to animals. A woman yells at her
baby, accompanied by her older daughter. A man is joined by his son as he

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                                                                                                       Lesotho Aids diary: Orphan (27-03-2009)
Charity Marathon in Messini (27-03-2009)

                                                                                                       Young Mahlape Moiloa enjoys her life at St Rodrigue

                                                                                                       The BBC, with Medecins Sans Frontieres, is following the lives of seven people
                                                                                                       from the community of St Rodrigue, in Lesotho, who will share their hopes and
                                                                                                       fears as they each struggle to live with and work through the country's HIV/Aids

During Marathon course“Floga”’s volunteers will sell commemorative-floated T-shirts, while they will   In her last entry, Mahlape Moiloa, an orphan at St Rodrigue wrote how
distribute fliers about the Association’s activities                                                   unhappy she was because even her brothers and grandmother teased her
                                                                                                       about being HIV-positive but she now says she is much happier in a new
Messini Municipality and SEGAS, the Hellenic Athletics Federation, organize on                         school.
Sunday, for the sixth consecutive year, the International Messini Marathon, in
order to stand by children suffering from cancer and their families. “Floga” (tel.                     ‘’It's the first time that I share a room with so many girls. It's nice because we
210 – 7485000), the Parents Association with Children With Cancer, embraces                            talk a lot. I like it when I'm the same as everybody else, when I wear my
and supports the Marathon course. A lottery will also feature tha event. All                           uniform. I think it suits me. I would like to make friends here. They are very
procceeds will go to ''Floga'' to cover the needs of “The Childrens’ house” and                        nice. Every time I eat my medication, they say they want some of it. But it's
support all the other programs aimed at relieving families who fight against                           enough just for me. When they tease like that, they always seem serious but
cancer.                                                                                                very friendly. They treat me well. I don't want to go home. I want a job, so that I
                                                                                                       can get some money to buy some clothes and shoes. At Easter break, I'll go
                                                                                                       home and ask permission so that I can start a part-time job during the holidays.
                                                                                                       I also don't want to go home when I finish standard 5 (when I'll be 18). I want to
                                                                                                       stay here and work. I'd like a job giving other patients medication, helping the
                                                                                                       nurses at the clinic. I work hard because I want a bright future. I like it here, at
                                                                                                       my new school, because I will have a good education and I'm near the clinic for
                                                                                                       my medication. Not living at home any more, I feel very happy, and I might
                                                                                                       even gain some weight.

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My brothers are not here to mock me any more. The best thing about being                            Britons revealed the biggest amount of time spent queuing is to pay for the
here in St Rodrigue is that I don't have to walk that long distance from home to                    weekly shop, accounting for almost 53 minutes each month. A further 33
the clinic any more. I'm feeling much better.                                                       minutes is spent waiting to pay for items such as clothes and DVDs in shops
                                                                                                    and we queue for 35 minutes every month to get a drink in a bar or pub.
                                                                                                    Waiting in line at the bank or post office takes up 27 minutes each month, and
                                                                                                    even queuing at cash machines wastes almost 25 minutes.

Brits spend six months queuing (27-03-2009)

                                                                                                    Ecoweek 2009: Habits change…climate change (30-

Standing on a train platform or bus stop see Britons queuing for almost 43 minutes a month, while
waiting to speak to someone on a customer service desks takes up just over 17 minutes, according
to the poll

The average adult wastes a five hours and 35 minutes queuing each month,
with standing in line at the supermarket taking up the biggest amount of time.
Waiting for a bus or train, queuing to get a drink at a bar and paying for goods
in a shop also emerged as things we spend the most time waiting for. Over a
year, the average Brit queues for more than 67 hours – or almost three days. In
total, they spend 169 hours during the average adult lifetime – the equivalent of
five months, two weeks and five days. A spokesman for online auction site, which carried out the poll, said: "Queuing is seen by many as one
of the classic British traits, and these results prove that it does in fact take up a
large amount of our time''. "No one likes to have to wait for things, especially
when you are in a crowded shop, or waiting in the cold at a bus stop, so to find
out we spend six months of our life doing just that is quite shocking''. "However,
thanks to online shopping and auction websites at least the amount of time
                                                                                                    Ecoweek 2009 focus on youths, ecology, leadership and architecture
spend queuing to pay for things in a shop may go down." The poll of 3,000

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            ECOWEEK 2009 is about education and the transfer of ideas.                   ECOWEEK 2009 international conference takes place thanks to the generous
            Young people will form a vision for the future in ECOWEEK 2009               support of the Ministry of Environment & Public Works, the Ministry of Foreign
            international conference and workshops in Athens, Greece. For the            Affairs, the Ministry of Transportation and Communication, and the City of
            first time in Greece, young architects, students and professionals,          Athens. More info at:
            will learn side by side famous architects and engineers from
Greece and around the world, the principles of ecological building and
sustainable design.

The interdisciplinary workshops will suggest sustainable solutions for the former
site of the international airport of Athens in Hellenikon, an important site for the
city of Athens. The groups will not attempt to repeat the international
competition on the site; neither give tips to improve the official plans for the site;
neither will attempt to impose architectural symbols and schemes from abroad.            Queen Rania in S. African schools (30-03-2009)
The workshops will rather attempt to re-approach this important site for Athens
and the residents of the metropolitan city, based on ecology, locality,
community and sustainability.


    •   Debate on bioclimatic architecture and ecological building at the
        premises of Papasotiriou Bookstore on Tuesday 31st and Wednesday
        1st of April at 19:00 ( 37 Panepistimiou str. & Korai str.)
    •   Official launch of Ecoweek 2009 on Thursday April 2, 2009, at 18:00, at          Queen Rania among school children of Phefeni Secondary School in Soweto
        Athinais Hall ART A at 34-36 Kastorias street, Votanikos (metro:
        Keramikos, 350 mtrs walk). Admission free. The launch will feature               Starting a three-day working trip to Johannesburg, South Africa, Queen Rania
        lectures by the prominent Architect Ivan Harbour and the Director of             of Jordan, on Thursday, met with the South African statesman and Nobel Prize
        BioRegional in London Benjamin Gill (in cooperation with the British             laureate Nelson Mandela and his wife, Graca Machel. During the meeting,
        Council).                                                                        members of the Nelson Mandela organizations briefed Her Majesty about the
    •   ECOWEEK invites High Schools to reserve seats for their students to              various legacy projects currently underway, including the planned Nelson
        attend the free screenings of environmental documentaries for students           Mandela Children’s Hospital, which will be one of three such facilities in all of
        only, on Friday, April 3, 2009, at 8am, 10am and 12pm, at ATHINAIS               Africa.
        (34-36 Kastorias street, Votanikos-Gazi - METRO: Keramikos).
        Attendance is limited with registration only and will follow a first-come-
        first-serve order. Priority will be given to public schools.                     Following the meeting, Her Majesty Queen Rania went on to visit the Phefeni
                                                                                         Secondary School in Soweto, where UNICEF and the South African Ministries
    •   Known for his 'paper buidlings' built in Japan, Shigeru Ban will give a
                                                                                         of Education and Health support the “Girls and Boys Education Movement”
        lecture on Saturday April 4, 2009, at 18:00, at Athinais Hall ART A at
                                                                                         (GEM/BEM) dedicated to bringing about positive change in the lives of African
        34-36 Kastorias street, Votanikos (metro: Keramikos, 350 mtrs walk).
                                                                                         youth. In her role as UNICEF’s Eminent Advocate for Children, Her Majesty
        Admission free.
                                                                                         then met with UN representatives and school teachers who explained how
                                                                                         GEM/BEM programmes promote girls empowerment by responding to three

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inter-related threats to girls’ education: gender inequality, violence in schools   Fontanini said. Various rebel groups, as well as the armies of neighbouring
and the impact of HIV/AIDS. In an effort to eliminate gender biases and             countries, have been active in eastern DR Congo for the past 15 years. Clowns
discriminatory policies within the school, GEM/BEM also encourages youth’s          without Borders was founded in Barcelona in July 1993 and its first missions
participation in clubs which include boys as ‘strategic partners’ in the            were in the former Yugoslavia.
organization of school-based gender-sensitive activities.

                                                                                    A fairytale for Kerkini wins Unesco fairytale
Clowns to bring smiles to DR Congo displaced                                        competition (30-03-2009)
children (30-03-2009)

                                                                                    Lake Kerkini is one of the most important wetland habitats in Greece, unfortunately threatened
                                                                                    lately by the uncontroled polution
Most children around the world love clowns
                                                                                                   ‘’Once upon a time, there was a bad witch, named Kerkini, who
A team of clowns has started a tour of refugee camps in eastern Democratic                        had devitalized an entire lake. The citizens of the area asked for
Republic of Congo, where more than half of those displaced are children. The                      the help of Goddess Dimitra, who sent them a bird named Erodios.
four performers, from the Spanish organisation Payasos Sin Fronteras (Clowns                      The beautiful lake bird along with the other animals defeated the
Without Borders), are on a 25-day tour of seven camps around Goma.                                dark, bringing life to the lake again”. This symbolic myth, is a
                                                                                    fairytale written by the 10 years old Foteini Drasogli from Irakleia of Serres
A spokeswoman for the UN refugee agency told the BBC that the clowns could          Province. Foteini’s fairytale won the first award of the Pan-Hellenic Fairytale
help the children overcome their trauma. Some one million Congolese have fled       Competition organized by Unesco Serron and PRAKSIS, in the framework of
their homes after years of unrest. UNHCR spokeswoman Francesca Fontanini            the International Biodiversity Day. After her first fairytale entitled “The Little
said that the team of clowns had achieved good results working with those           Sparrow”, Foteini made a further step with her new fairytale, highlighting: “I
displaced in Syria and the former Yugoslavia. She said it was the first time that   wanted to show how the lake could become if we don’t protect it”.On the
they had visited camps in DR Congo. The seven camps to be visited by the            occasion of the school celebration for the Hellenic National Day on 25th March,
clowns hold almost 100,000 people - of whom 55%-60% are children, Ms

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the Chairman of Unesco Serron awarded Foteini with her Prize for the fairytale,                   and hope for solutions -- clean sources of renewable energy such as wind and
a digital camera.                                                                                 solar, followed the briefing. China needs to play a strong leadership role at the
                                                                                                  UN meeting this year. Greenpeace is calling on Chinese President Hu Jintao to
Moreover, Foteini’s Fairytale will be soon published as a children’s book.                        personally attend the Copenhagen Climate Summit and work with world leaders
                                                                                                  to come up with a binding treaty to fight climate change.

Beijing counts backward for Copenhagen Climate
                                                                                                  New curriculum will give teachers more freedom
Summit (30-03-2009)

Greenpeace projects its 'Time is running out to stop global warming' message on an ancient city
gate in Beijing
                                                                                                  The new proposals require that children will leave primary school familiar with blogging, podcasts,
                                                                                                  Wikipedia and Twitter as sources of information and forms of communication
            With only nine months left until the UN climate summit in
            Copenhagen, Greenpeace China has brought the countdown clock
            to Beijing. Activists turned one of Beijing's ancient city gates into a               Children will no longer have to study the Victorians or the second world war
            gigantic countdown clock marking the time left till the UN climate                    under proposals to overhaul the primary school curriculum, the Guardian has
            summit in Copenhagen. The glowing projection, which spread                            learned. However, the draft plans will require children to master Twitter and
across the giant gate, read: "Time is Running Out to Stop Global Warming."                        Wikipedia and give teachers far more freedom to decide what youngsters
And although it was a chilly Beijing evening, press and public crowded around                     should be concentrating on in classes. The proposed curriculum, which would
the 16th century Yongdingmen gate just south of Tiananmen Square.                                 mark the biggest change to primary schooling in a decade, strips away
                                                                                                  hundreds of specifications about the scientific, geographical and historical
                                                                                                  knowledge pupils must accumulate before they are 11 to allow schools greater
A three-minute video showing both the devastating effects of climate change --
                                                                                                  flexibility in what they teach. It emphasises traditional areas of learning -
extreme weather and hunger; the causes of climate change -- coal power
                                                                                                  including phonics, the chronology of history and mental arithmetic - but includes
stations, deforestation and vehicle emissions;
                                                                                                  more modern media and web-based skills as well as a greater focus on
                                                                                                  environmental education. The plans have been drawn up by Sir Jim Rose, the

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former Ofsted chief who was appointed by ministers to overhaul the primary
school curriculum, and are due to be published next month.

                                                                                                     UNICEF announces fifth annual young people’s
                                                                                                     summit (31-03-2009)

Game “Tetris” may help reduce flashbacks to
traumatic events (30-03-2009)

                                                                                                     The J8 2008 delegates meet with world leaders in Japan

                                                                                                     UNICEF National Committees and country offices have begun the selection
                                                                                                     process for the fifth annual Junior 8 Summit, a meeting of young people aged
                                                                                                     14 to 17, linked to the annual Group of 8 (G8) Summit. This year, the G8
                                                                                                     Summit will be held in Sardinia, Italy, from the 8th - 10th July, with the heads of
                                                                                                     state from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Russian Federation, the
The Oxford team reasoned that recognising the shapes and moving the coloured building blocks
                                                                                                     United Kingdom and the United States of America , as well as a number of
around in ‘Tetris’ soon after seeing traumatic events should compete with the visions of trauma to   invited heads of states from other countries.
be retained in the sensory part of the brain
                                                                                                     In its fifth year, the UNICEF-organized Junior 8 (J8) will bring the winning teams
Playing “Tetris” after traumatic events could reduce the flashbacks experienced                      from G8 countries together with participants from eight non-G8 countries
in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), preliminary research by Oxford                             sending a clear message to leaders that children from all over the world are
University psychologists suggest. If this early-stage work continues to show                         equally affected by G8 decisions. Participants will discuss topics on the G8
promise, it could inform new clinical interventions for use immediately after                        agenda ahead of the summit and will take their recommendations to the
trauma to prevent or lessen the flashbacks that are hallmark symptom of PTSD.                        leaders. The primary focus of this year’s J8 will be on climate change,
Existing treatments can only be provided once PTSD has become established.                           HIV/AIDS, and poverty and development in the face of the global financial
The researchers report in PLoS ONE that for healthy volunteers, playing                              crisis. Countries will be represented by teams of four young people, who will be
“Tetris” soon after viewing traumatic material in the laboratory can reduce the                      selected based on their entry submissions and/or experience of working on the
number of flashbacks to those scenes in the following week. They believe that                        topics that will be discussed during the J8. Russia has already selected its
the computer game may disrupt the memories that are retained of the sights                           participants.
and sounds witnessed at he time, and which are later re-experienced through
involuntary, distressing flashbacks of that moment.

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                                                                                  Volunteer Programme for the Special Olympics 2011
                                                                                  launched (31-03-2009)
NGO Day (31-03-2009)

Technology in the sevice of NGOs by Microsoft Hellas

Microsoft Hellas in cooperation with Citizen In Deed organizes an event for Non   The President of the Hellenic Republic Mr. Karolos Papoulias
Governmental Organizations entitled “NGO Day”. The event will be held on
Wednesday 1st April 2009, at 10:30 a.m., at the Innovation Centre of Microsoft    Hellenic Republic President Karolos Papoulias became the first volunteer to
Hellas (103 Vas. Sofias str., Megaro Mousikis Metro Station).                     enroll for the Special Olympics World Summer Games ATHENS 2011, at a
                                                                                  special ceremony that took place on the occasion of the launch of the Special
Purpose of the event is to raise NGOs’ awareness on the products of Microsoft     Olympics Volunteers Program, on Monday, March 30th 2009. The ceremony
Hellas, and how they can benefit from them.                                       was addressed by the A’ Vice-President of the Hellenic Parliament and the
                                                                                  Greek Minister of Culture.

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Water meters at homes to prevent water shortages                                                  to have meters by 2035, although in areas where water is scarce they are likely
                                                                                                  to be brought in by 2015.
                                                                                                  At the moment just 30 per cent of households in England and Wales have
                                                                                                  water meters, although the devices are common in most other European
                                                                                                  countries. On average a household with a water meter will use 10 to 15 per
                                                                                                  cent less water that one without.

                                                                                                  Scientists film HIV spreading (31-03-2009)

In areas where water is scarce, households may be charged more for using water beyond a certain
limit or during the summer

            Already half of households in England and Wales suffer "water
            stress", where demand for fresh drinking water could soon outstrip
            supply. The crisis is greatest in the South East where at least 10
            million people have less water available per head than those living
            in Egypt and Morocco. In a new report, the Environment Agency
                                                                                                  The new video footage indicates that HIV avoids recognition by being directly transferred between
warns that the problem is going to get much worse in the future because to the
growing population and global warming.
                                                                                                  Scientists have made a breakthrough in understanding how HIV spreads
Although climate change is likely to lead to more frequent heavy downpours                        through the human body after filming the process for the first time ever.
and increase the risk of flooding, overall it could reduce the amount of water                    Researchers found that the virus is transferred from infected cells to healthy
available in rivers in England and Wales by 10 to 1 per cent by 2050, and up to                   ones in a previously unknown way. It is hoped that the discovery will help
as much as 80 per cent during summer months. In order to prevent shortages,                       researchers create a vaccine to combat the virus, which has led to the deaths
the agency in charge of protecting natural resources expects most households                      of more than 25 million people.

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The study was made possible after experts created a molecular clone of            Disney sets green goals (31-03-2009)
infectious HIV and inserted a protein into its genetic code which glows green
when exposed to blue light. This allowed scientists to see the cells on digital
video, and capture the way HIV-infected T-cells interact with uninfected ones.

They noted that when an infected cell came into contact with a healthy one, a
bridge was created between them, called a virological synapse. Researchers
were then able to observe the fluorescent green viral particles moving towards
the synapse and into the healthy cell. The US study has broken new ground by
revealing that it is the synapse through which the viral proteins are gathered
and moved into uninfected cells. The team, comprising scientists from UC
Davis university in California, and Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York,
believe that this knowledge could help create new treatments for HIV and Aids.

                                                                                  The Walt Disney's computer-animated science fiction film ''Wall-e'' received universal acclaim due
                                                                                  to its environmental message

                                                                                              The Walt Disney Company says it's going green by reducing waste,
                                                                                              pollution and use of natural resources. In an announcement in the
                                                                                              beginning of March, Disney CEO and president Robert A. Iger says
                                                                                              going green will make the company more attractive to consumers.
                                                                                              The company has set three to five year targets to reduce
                                                                                  emissions, waste, electricity, fuel use and to improve its impact on water and
                                                                                  ecosystems. Among its long-term goals, Disney wants to produce zero waste
                                                                                  and minimize water use.

                                                                                  "Those are fantastic goals for a company with such a large footprint in our
                                                                                  state," said Mark Ferrulo, director of Progress Florida, a liberal think tank that
                                                                                  promotes environmental causes, among other initiatives. Disney said it will
                                                                                  charge a working group this year with devising new clean-energy strategies and
                                                                                  will adopt new standards to reduce the environmental effects of both employee
                                                                                  travel and catering and employee-cafeteria operations, among other initiatives

                                                                                                                                                                     Page 90 of 91
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Obama starts Climate Change Forum for big
economies (31-03-2009)

Since he launched his campaign, Obama has offered remarkably detailed proposals and
demonstrated fluency in the language of energy and carbon

             President Barack Obama on Saturday invited 16 "major
             economies" including the European Union and the United Nations
             to take part in a forum on climate change to facilitate a U.N. pact on
             global warming. Obama, a Democrat who has taken a more
             aggressive stance on climate change than his predecessor,
Republican George W. Bush, invited the group to a preparatory session on
April 27 and 28 in Washington. The White House made clear that Obama's new
initiative would aim to augment U.N. talks that are meant to culminate in an
agreement in Copenhagen in December. "Our goal is to use this forum very
much as a key part in how we reach an overall agreement," a senior
administration official told Reuters, adding the review was "an important piece
of the puzzle of how we get from here to Copenhagen." The "Major Economies
Forum on Energy and Climate" has echoes of a similar set of meetings
organized by the previous administration.

                                                                                                   Page 91 of 91

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