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sainformacio teqnologiebis Semadgeneli nawilebis_ gamoyenebiTi

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					     sainformacio        teqnologiebis       Semadgeneli
nawilebis, gamoyenebiTi programebis Windows, Word,
da Excel am wignSi warmodgenas Sevecade moxmarebis
TvalsazrisiT       maTi    Rirsebebis     ilustrirebiT,
mravali      praqtikuli        magaliTis       ganxilviT,
operaciaTa Sesrulebis martivi gzebiT, naSromis
kiTxva-pasuxis formiT SedgeniT, romlis erTaderTi
mizani rac SeiZleba meti konkretika iyo.
     masalis      gadmocemisas,      misi     efeqtiurad
aTvisebis mizniT mudmivad vicavdi princips “gaakeTe
da iswavli”, rac gamomdinareobs disciplinis
specifikidan.
     winamdebare       naSroms      gaaCnia     pretenzia
daexmaros     momxmarebels,      raTa    miRweul     iqnas
ramdenime      mizani:     praqtikuli       unar-Cvevebis
gamomuSaveba kompiuterTan muSaobis dros, ZiriTad
operaciaTa Sesrulebis wesebis aTviseba, realur
amocanaTa damoukideblad gadawyvetis Seswavla,
gamoyenebiTi       programebis       arCevanSi      swori
orientacia da rac yvelaze mniSvnelovnad mimaCnia –
momxmareblis interesis gaRviveba damoukideblad
gaarCios misTvis saintereso sakiTxi. amaSi mas
exmareba masalis gadmocemis gamoyenebuli stili:
“Tu ase gaakeTeb amas miiReb”, risi dasturicaa
mravali saxasiaTo magaliTi da ilustracia. wigni
kompiuterTan      muSaobisas      asrulebs       erTgvari
gzamkvlevis funqcias.
     miuxedavad calkeuli terminebiT sargeblobis
Tavisufali stilisa (rac saerTod problematuria),
vfiqrob wigni sargeblobas moutans mkiTxvelTa
farTo wreebs, romelTa SeniSvnebsa da survilebs
madlierebiT miviReb.

                                                 avtori
         garsprograma WINDOWS
     termini Windows niSnavs ufro mets vidre
mxolod programuli produqtis saxeli. faqtiurad
igi sruliad axali sityva iyo kompiuterul
mecnierebaSi. gansakuTrebuli kontrasti igrZnoba
Tu SevadarebT im wlebis mdgomareobas, rodesac
kompiuterze muSaoba xorcieldeboda DOS -is
(diskuri operaciuli sistema) meSveobiT da drois
erT momentSi SesaZlebeli iyo mxolod erTi
konkretuli operaciis Sesruleba. magaliTad Word –
Si Tqven gWirdebodaT eqselis furclidan raimes
Casma. amisaTvis aucilebeli iyo dagexuraT Word -i,
gagexsnaT eqseli, ageRoT aucilebeli informacia,
dagexuraT eqseli da axlidan gagexsnaT Word- i.
      firma Microsoft –is mier damuSavebul
operaciul sistema Windows -s ukavia saSualedo
adgili kompiuteris fizikur nawilsa (Hardwere) da
gamoyenebiT programebs Soris (aqedan saxeli
garsprograma). igi saSualebas iZleva erTdroulad
ramdenime ram ganvaxorcielod e.w. multivalebaTa
Sesrulebis principis Tanaxmad, calkeuli
davalebisaTvis Tavisi personaluri fanjriT. zemoT
ganxiluli magaliTisaTvis Windows - is SemTxvevaSi
sakmarisia mausis Rilakis zemoqmedebiT gadavideT
erTi programidan meoreSi.
     Windows –is sxva upiratesoba mdgomareobs
failebis amsaxveli simboloebiT (Icons) operatiul
manipulirebaSi. magaliTad failis gamosabeWdaT
sakmarisia misi gamomsaxveli simbolos gadatana
mausiT sabeWdi mowyobilobis simboloze.
                garsprograma WINDOWS                  3




     -1

  sad unda inaxos informacia kompiuteris
         maxasiaTeblebis Sesaxeb.


          pasuxi: informacia kompiuteris
maxasiaTeblebis (misi SesaZleblobebis) Sesaxeb
unda moiZebnos Semdegi TanmimdevrobiT :
   1. My computer
   2. Control Panel
   3. System
aseTi CamonaTvali niSnavs danomrili punqtebis
(folderebis) Tanmimdevrul gaxsnas. igive efeqtis
misaRwevad SesaZlebelia sxva gziTac wavideT: Start /
Setting / Control Panel / System. es bolo Canaweri ufro
kompaqturia da momavalSi visargeblebT Caweris
swored aseTi formiT. arsebobs ufro mokle gza,
kerZod: (R )         folderze My Computer / Properties.
operaciaTa miTiTebuli Tanmimdevrobis Sesrulebis
Semdeg miviRebT suraTs:
              garsprograma WINDOWS                 4




ramdenime CanarTidan, kerZod GGenerale-zogadi
monacemebi, Device Manager- mowyobilobaTa marTva,
Hardware Profiles – sistemis fizikuri nawilis
profili, aq warmodgenilia kompiuteris
maxasiaTeblebi, misi SesaZleblobebi – Performance.
suraTze mocemulia myari diskos moculoba,
datvirTvis xarisxi, failebis sistema da sxva. rac
Seexeba sxva CanarTebs:
General – Si miTiTebulia kompiuteris klasi,
monacemebi registraciis Sesaxeb da Windows –is tipi;
Device Manager CanarTze sqematurad naCvenebia
mowyobilobaTa Semdgenloba; Hardware Profiles
miuTiTebs Tu ra konfiguraciiTa awyobili
mocemuli kompiuteri.


     -2
rogor ganisazRvreba myar diskoze
(disketaze) Tavisufali da gamoyenebuli
sivrcis tevadoba


                                          pasuxi :
                                 gza am kiTxvis
                                 pasuxisa aRiwereba
                                 Semdegnairad: My
                                 computer / (R)
                                 myar diskoze an
                                 disketze /
                                 Properties. am
                                 CanawerSi      (R)
                                 miuTiTebs mausis
               garsprograma WINDOWS                   5


marjvena ( R- Right) RilakiT zemoqmedebas Sesabamis
elementze, romlis Sedegi rogorc wesi aris
konteqsturi meniu. am konteqsturi menius elementia
Properties (maxasiaTeblebi), romlis gaaqtiurebis
Semdeg gvaqvs zemoTmotanili suraTi. suraTidan
TvalnaTliv Cans gamoyenebuli (Used) da Tavisufali
sivrcis (Free) Tanafardoba myar diskoze. mocemul
magaliTSi myari diskoze Sevsebuli adgili 1,21
gegabaitis tolia, xolo Tavisufali adgilis
moculoba 662 megabaitia. zustad igive wesiT
gavigebT tevadobas disketisaTvis.



     -3
       rogor unda Seicvalos fanjris
              maxasiaTeblebi


        pasuxi: fanjris maxasiaTeblebSi Sedis misi
elementebis ferebi, garkveuli Srifti, am
ukanasknelis zoma da sxva. parametrebis Secvla
iwyeba ekranis cariel adgilze mausis marjvena
                  Rilakze daWeriT.
                  Sedegad miRebul konteqstur
                  meniuSi vaaqtiurebT Properties –s,
                  romlis Semdeg miRebul dialogur
                  fanjaraSi avirCevT CanarTs
                  Appearance, romlidanac xdeba
                  parametrebis arCeva. Cven
                  SemTxvevaSi zogadi gegmarebiT
                  (Sheme) arCeulia Windows standart,
                  elementad (Item) fanjara (Window),
              garsprograma WINDOWS                 6


fanjris fonis ferad (Color) TeTri feri, Sriftis
ferad ki arCeulia Savi feri. suraTze gamotanilia
rogorc aqtiuri, ise araqtiuri fanjara,




aseve Setyobinebis fanjara. romelime maTganSi
cvlilebebis Sesatanad mausiT moxdeba zemoqmedeba
da gamotanil maxasiaTeblebSi movaxdenT saWiro
cvlilebebs.



     -   4
rogor SeiZleba ekranis dasvenebis reJimidan
          gamosvlis blokireba.
                garsprograma WINDOWS                   7




         pasuxi: dasvenebis reJimis SenarCuneba xdeba
parolis dayenebiT. vasrulebT Semdeg
manipulaciebs:        (R)    ekranis Tavisufal adgilas /
Properties / Screen Saver / movniSnavT sakontrolo
ujras saxeliT Password Protected /

aq




dayenebulia dasvenebis reJimi Flyning Windows cdis
droTi 5 wuTi.
  parolis dasayeneblad vaaqtiurebT Rilaks
Change. Sedegad miviRebT suraTs:
                              vwerT parols
                              ujraSi New password,
                              davadasturebT
                              parols misi
                              gameorebiT ujraSi
                              Confirm new password
                              da vaWerT OK an
                  garsprograma WINDOWS                            8


klaviaturaze Enter. Tu amis Semdeg SevecdebiT
movxsnaT dasvenebis reJimi, ekranze gaCndeba
Seyobineba:




  im SemTxvevaSi Tu paroli sworad ar miveciT,
dasvenebis reJimi ar moixsneba da erTaderT gzad
situaciidan gamosvlisa rCeba kompiuteris
arasworad gamorTva, rac arasasurvelia.



      -5

    rogor davayenoT axali (gansxvavebuli)
                  Sriftebi.


          pasuxi: am operaciis Sesasruleblad
saWiroa rogorc Sriftebis gadmowera, ise maTi
dayeneba konkretul kompiuterSi. gadmoweris
operaciebi ase gamoiyureba : My computer (an Start /
Settings) Control Panel / Fonts / moiniSneba sasurveli
Sriftebi / meniu / Edit / Copy / My computer / (R)
3.4 Floppy (A:) / Paste. am operaciaTa Tanmimdevruli
SesrulebiT saWiro Sriftebi gadaiwereba disketSi.
      ganvixiloT am disketidan Sriftebis dayenebis
operaciebi: . . . Control Panel / Fonts / meniu / File / Instal
New Fonts
               garsprograma WINDOWS                9




     Cvens SemTxvevaSi Sriftebs vayenebT disketidan.
SeiZleba Sriftebi inaxebodes romelime sxva
folderSi, romelic gamoCndeba areSi Folders.
ujraSi List of fonts CamoTvlil Sriftebidan virCevT
sasurvels (Tu yvela gvinda vaaqtiurebT Select All)
da OK.




     -6

kompiuteri CairTveba Tu ara, gvinda gaeSvas
       konkretuli programa (faili).
              garsprograma WINDOWS                  10




       pasuxi: am operaciis gansaxorcieleblad
arsebobs specialuri folderi StartUp-i, romelSiac
winaswar moTavsdeba sasurveli programis (failis)
iarliyi
    am




magaliTSi ofisis programaTa gamSveb iarlikTan
erTad folderSi StartUp moTavsebulia programa
Word-is iarliyi (Shortcut). StartUp folderis
moZebna advilia, misi misamarTi kargad Cans
folderis misamarTis zolSi: C:\WINDOWS\Start
Menu\Programs\StartUp.
     programis (failis) iarliyi SeiZleba Caisvas
folderSi miTiTebul misamarTze an uSualod
start meniuSi operaciiT “Caavle, waiRe da CauSvi”
(Drag and Drop) mausis meSveobiT
                garsprograma WINDOWS                   11




      -7

 rogor davmaloT failebi (folderebi) da
        gamovaCinoT damalulebi.


        pasuxi: pirvel rigSi fails (folders)
unda mivaniWoT iseTi Tviseba, rom igi
eqvemdebarebodes damalvas. Semdeg im folders
sadac igi mdebareobs SevZinoT Tviseba damalos
yvela aseTi faili Tu folderi.
     Sesruldeba operaciebi Semdegi TanmimdevrobiT:
   (R)    dasamal failze an folderze / Properties /
                                           Atributes /
                                           moiniSneba
                                           sakontrolo
ujra Hidden / OK.
 suraTze mocemulia fragmenti dialoguri
fanjridan Properties / folderSi, romelSic
mdebareobs dasamali faili (folderi) –
gaaqtiurdeba meniu / View / Folder Options / View /
                               movniSnavT
                               alternatiul
                               sakontrolo ujras Do
                               not show hidden files, ise
rogorc naCvenebia fragmentidan / OK . damaluli
failebis gamosaCenad moiniSneba alternatiuli
sakontrolo ujra Show all files (gamoaCine yvela
faili).
               garsprograma WINDOWS                 12




      -   8
gvinda SevcvaloT urnisaTvis
rezervirebuli tevadoba, zogjer ar gvinda
waSlili failebi moxvdnen urnaSi da ar
gvinda gamotanil iqnas waSlis
damadasturebeli Setyobineba.


       pasuxi:       SeasruleT Semdegi moqmedebebi:
   (R)   Recycle Bin / Properties
dialogur fanjaraSi, romelic uzrunvelyofs
sxvadasxva parametrebis dayenebas orive
mowyobilobisaTvis, Cven SemTxvevaSi C da D myari
diskosaTvis. Tu movniSnavT alternatul
sakontrolo ujras Configure drive independently, maSin
parametrebi dadgeba calkeulisaTvis
damoukideblad.
                garsprograma WINDOWS                      13




       Tu movniSnavT sakontrolo ujras Do not move
files to Recycle Bin. Remove files immediately when deleted,
maSin waSlili faili aRar moxvdeba urnaSi, igi
pirdapir ganadgurdeba, rac ar aris
rekomendirebuli. rac Seexeba urnisTvis
rezervirebul tevadobas waSlili failebisaTvis,
ilustraciis mixedviT igi 10% -s tolia,
SesaZlebelia misi gazrda niSnulis gadaadgilebiT
marjvniv an Semcireba marcxniv. Cveni magaliTidan
Cans, rom moniSnulia sakontrolo ujra Display
delete confirmation dialog box, rac imaze miuTiTebs, rom
failis waSlis dros yovelTvis gamova dasturis
moTxovnis dialoguri fanjara.
              garsprograma WINDOWS                14




     -9

   gvinda SevcvaloT davalebaTa panelis
              maxasiaTeblebi


       pasuxi:   (R)    davalebaTa panelis
cariel adgilas / Properties / Taskbar Options /
Sedegad miRebul fanjridan Cans oTxi sxvadasxva
parametri, romelTa gavrceleba Sesabamisi
sakontrolo ujris moniSvniT xorcieldeba.
yovelTvis zemodan niSnavs im efeqts, roca




davalebaTa paneli gadaefareba nebismier gaxsnil
fanjaras, igi daikavebs zeda pozicias, am fanjris
zeda nawilSi moTavsebulia e. w. nimuSis samagaliTo
               garsprograma WINDOWS               15

sarkmeli. romelSic dayenebuli parametris
Sesabamisi efeqti gamoCndeba.




     -10

rogor gavuSvaT (CavrToT) operatiulad
arCeuli programebi (failebi).


         pasuxi: operacias daviwyebT start meniudan:
Start / Run /
 velSi Open miTiTebulia erTerTi gasaSvebi
programis misamarTi. Tu axali programis an failis
misamarTs aseTive
saxiT SevitanT am
ujraSi OK –s
Semdeg programa
CairTveba da igi
darCeba siaSi
Semdgomi
gaSvebisaTvis. roca
ar viciT zusti
saxeli da adgili,
maSin / Brows / aq gamoCndeba mTeli kompiuteris
SigTavsi / avirCevT fails / Open / saxeli da
adgilmdebareoba Caiwereba Open –is velSi / OK.
                 garsprograma WINDOWS                       16




     -11

    rogor SeiZleba sabeWdi mowyobilobis
                 dayeneba


       pasuxi:    My computer / Printers / Add printers / Next
/
siaSi Manufacturers virCevT mwarmoebel firmas,

Cven SemTxvevaSi HP / siaSi Printers virCevT sabeWdi
mowyobilobis tips / Next / virCevT mowyobilobis
misaerTebel gamomyvans (COM an LPT) / SevurCevT
saxels an davtovebT standartuls / vupasuxebT
Setyobinebas gvinda Tu ara gamovbeWdoT testuri
gverdi / Finish



     -12

 ras niSnavs myari diskos defragmentacia da
rogor SevasruloT es operacia


        pasuxi : myari diskos defragmentacia
niSnavs masSi Cawerili failebis kompaqturad
organizacias, romlebic droTa ganmavlobaSi, maTze
sxvadasxva operaciaTa (mag.: amoSla-Cawerebi)
Catarebis Semdeg ganicdian danawevrebas, da
imyofebian diskos SemTxveviT adgilebSi
ganlagebulni. defragmentacia mniSvnelovanwilad
                  garsprograma WINDOWS                         17

aumjobesebs kompiuteris muSaobas da misi
Sesruleba aucilebelia periodulad. procesi
sakmao dros moiTxovs. misi SesrulebisaTvis
gaxseniT My Computer /        (R)    [ C:] / Properties /Tools /
Defragmentation Status / Defragment now /OK procesi
damTavrdeba Tu ara miiRebT Sesabamis Setyobinebas.


       -13

ras niSnavs failis iarliyi (Shortcut) da
rogor SevqmnaT igi


        pasuxi : im SemTxvevebSi, roca erTidaigive
fails viyenebT mraval adgilas, erTdroulad
vmuSaobT ramdenime failze, maSin mosaxerxebelia
samuSao adgilze ganvalagoT ara failebi, aramed
maTi aRmniSvneli simboloebi, romelTa
saSualebiTac SesaZlebeli iqneba failis gamoZaxeba.
aseT simboloebs ewodebaT iarliyebi.
      iarliyis Sesaqmnelad fails CavavloT mausis
marjvena daWerili RilakiT, gadavitanoT iq sadac
saWiroa (magaliTad romelime folderSi) da
avuSvaT (operacia Drag & Drop). gamosuli
konteqsturi meniudan avirCioT: Create Shortcut(s)
Here. imisaTvis raTa davrwmundeT, rom failis
iarliys TiTqmis ara aqvs ganzomileba (failTan
SedarebiT) CavixedoT failisa da misive iarliyis
maxasiaTeblebSi. qvemo suraTebze mocemulia
rogorc failis, ise misi iarliyis maxasiaTeblebis
is nawili, sadac miTiTebulia maTi zomebi.
                garsprograma WINDOWS                   18


failis Uaxlesi wigni –s zomaa 2.3 megabaiti, roca misi
iarliyis zomaa mxolod 253 baiti. iarliyis
aRmniSvnel simbolos failisagan ganasxvavebs qveda
marcxena kuTxeSi damatebuli isari. nebismieri
elementisaTvis misi maxasiaTeblis Semcveli
dialoguri fanjris gamotana xdeba Semdegi gziT:
   (R)       failze an folderze (an iarliyze) /
Properties / Cven konkretul SemTxvevaSi Generale.


      -14

   Start – meniuSi rogor Cavsva an amoviRo
                   programebi


          pasuxi : arsebobs klasikuri meTodi
programaTa Casmisa da amoRebisa start meniuSi: Start /
Settings / Taskbar & Start menu … / Start Menu Programs /
Add / Browse . . . / gaixsneba kompiuteris SigTavsi,
moviZiebT Casasmel programas, movniSnavT / Open /
am operaciaTa Sesrulebis Semdeg miviRebT suraTs.
               garsprograma WINDOWS               19




 Cvens SemTxvevaSi gvinda CvenTvis sasurvel
adgilas start meniuSi Caisvas toefelis nimuSebis
maCvenebeli specialuri programa. programis
dasaxeleba da misi adgilmdebareoba Caiwereba
brZanebis striqonSi (Comand line). SesaZlebelia es
misamarTi pirdapir CaibeWdos miTiTiTebul adgilas,
magram yovelTvis umjobesia visargebloT Browse –is
samsaxuriT. vagrZelebT zemoT miTiTebul gzas . . /
Next / aq dialoguri fanjara SemogvTavazebs
arCevans, Tu sad gvinda CavsvaT es programa.
avirCevT adgils (folders). virCevT Accessories.
SesaZlebelia gavxsnaT axali folderi (New folder) /
Next / aq SeiZleba programis iarliys mivaniWoT Cveni
saxeli (vTqvaT davarqvaT TTF / Finish. axla Tu
SevamowmebT start menius Sesabamis adgils,
davrwmundebiT, rom marTlac programa iq
mdebareobs sadac gvindoda Cagvesva.
                                    vindouzis maRal
                                    versiebSi
                                    SesaZlebelia
                                    ufro advilad
                                    Caisvas programa
                                    start meniuSi,
                                    roca ukve
                                    moZebnli gvaqvs
                                    Casasmeli
programa. es xorcieldeba Semdeg manipuliacaTa
zusti dacviT: mausiT CavavlebT programis
aRmniSvnel simbolos (Icon), gavasrialebT (Drag),
mivitanT mas Start –ze, romelic myis gaaqtiurdeba,
vagrZelebT moZraobas programis gamosaxulebasTan
               garsprograma WINDOWS                 20

erTad da roca mivaRwevT sasurvel adgils vuSvebT
xels (Drop). programis iarliyi darCeba aRniSnul
adgilas. operacia damTavrebulia. iarliyis
amosaRebad ubralod CavavlebT da viRebT im
adgilidan. wina ganxiluli meTodis mixedviT
programis amosaRebad nebismieri adgilidan
dialogur fanjaraSi, sadac vaaqtiurebdiT Add –s,
nacvlad gavaaqtiurebT Remove –amoReba. sistema
gaxsnis start menius, movniSnavT Casmul programas,
Semdeg Remove da Close.




     -15

 klaviaturis ra klaviSebiT an maTi ra
kombinaciebiT aris SesaZlebeli Windows –
is calkeul operaciaTa Sesruleba.


         pasuxi : Windows-is sacnobaro (Help)
teqstebSi sxvadasxva operaciebisaTvis mocemulia
e.w. myisieri Sesrulebis (Shortcut) klaviSebi da maTi
kombinaciebi, romelTa codna da saWiro SemTxvevaSi
gamoyeneba did efeqts iZleva, raSic darwmundebiT
maTi xSirad gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi. qvemoT
moyvanil cxrilebSi asaxulia bevri maTgani.

klaviSebi gansakuTrebuli SemTxvevebisaTvis

Sesrulebuli operacia                  klaviSebi
                garsprograma WINDOWS                      21


Sesrulebuli operacia                    klaviSebi
ekranis asli buferSi
mausis kursorsTan erTad                 + Print Screen
ekranis asli buferSi
mausis kursoris gareSe                  + Scroll Lock
  kompaqt diskis Cadebis
  dros gamoiricxeba misi
        avtoCarTva            Shift roca vdebT CD ROM
                                Ctrl failis Cavleba-
   failis aslis Seqmna
                                     gadatanisas
                              Ctrl+Shift failis Cavleba-
 failis iarliyis Seqmna
                                     gadatanisas
elmentis amoSla kalaTis
            gareSe                     Shift + Delete
    Find: All Files fanjris
           gamotana
                                            F3
      fanjris SigTavsis
          ganaxleba                         F5
  elementisaTvis saxelis
          gadarqmeva                        F2
  yvela elementis arCeva                Ctrl + A
elementis maxasiaTeblebi       Alt+Enter an Alt+        (W)
 moniSnuli folderisa da
   yvela misi monaTesavis         Sift + Close Rilaki
           daxurva
wina xedis ukan dabruneba                Alt + ←
    folderis xedi erTi
         doniT maRla                    Backspase
      fanjris gadideba
     maqsimalur zomamde            Alt+ Spacebar+X
   fanjaras aRdgena wina
           zomamde                 Alt+ Spacebar+R
      fanjris daxurva         Alt+F4     an Alt+Spacebar+N
                garsprograma WINDOWS                  22


Sesrulebuli operacia                    klaviSebi
     gadasvla calkeul
      programebs Soris                   Alt+Esc
     fanjris sistemuri
       (marTvis) meniu                 Alt+Spacebar
winafanjaraSi dabruneba                  Alt+Tab
     dokumentebs Soris
gadasvla (erTi programis                 Ctrrl+F6
         farglebSi)
    dialogis fanjaraSi
Semdeg CanarTze gadasvla                Ctrl+Tab
  wina CanarTze gadasvla           Ctrl+Shift+Tab
 wina operaciis gameoreba                F4
   erTi ubnidan meoreze
          gadasvla                         F6
   gamoyofili elemntis
     konteqsturi meniu                  Shift+F10
davalebaTa panelze
Rilakebze Tanmimdevuli                     +Tab
gadaadgileba
Zebna (Find: All Files)
failebisa
                                            +F
kompiuteris Zebna (Find:
                                          +Ctrl+F
Computer) qselSi
   daxmarebis samsaxuri                     +F1
Run-is samsaxuris CarTva                    +R
 startmenius gaaqtiureba
sistemis maxasiaTeblebis
          fanjara                         +Break
Windows Explorer –is CarTva                 +E
      yvela fanjris
      minimizireba an                       +D
   maqsimalur zomamde
               garsprograma WINDOWS               23


Sesrulebuli operacia                  klaviSebi
          gazrda
      yvela fanjris
  minimizirebis gauqmeba               +Shift+M
            teqsturi redaqtori - Word           24




       teqsturi redaqtori - Word

     gamoyenebiTi programa Word_i saofise
programebis jgufidan yvelaze farTod aris
gamoyenebuli. swored am programis gamoyenebis
didma maStabebma gamoiwvia kompiuteris gamoyenebis
arealis ganuzomlad gafarToeba. am programis
saSualebiT gaadvilebulia teqstis Caweris procesi
da misi gaformeba profesionalur doneze. misi
interfeisi xelmisawvdomia ubralo
momxmareblisaTis.
     wignSi gaxsnilia Word-is TiTqmis yvela
SesaZlebloba sxvadasxva saofise samuSaoTa
Sesrulebis TvalsazrisiT. ganmartebulia ara
marto calkeul operaciaTa Sesrulebis gzebi,
aramed naCvenebia dasrulebul amocanaTa
(davalebaTa) gadawyvetis Sedegebi. aseT amocanaTa
rigs ganekuTvnebian avtoteqstisa da avtokoreqciis
brZanebaTa gamoyeneba teqstis calkeuli
fragmentebis operatiuli Setanis TvalsazrisiT,
Sablonuri (standartuli) dokumentis Seqmna da misi
gamoZaxeba makrosis safuZvelze, seriuli werilebis
formireba, hipeteqsturi kavSirebi damyareba,
cxrilebze da diagramebze muSaoba, eqselis
furclis CarTva da sxva.
     calkeul operaciaTa myisieri SesrulebisaTvis
klaviSaTa gansakuTrebuli kombinaciebis cxrili,
romlic darTulia naSromSi, vfiqrob sasargeblo
iqneba farTo momxmareblisaTvis.
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word              25




     - 1

  rogor davaCqaroT Sriftebis gadarTva,
maTi zomis swrafi Secvla?



        pasuxi: roca muSaoba gvixdeba
erTdroulad ramdenime SriftTan didi dro miaqvs
Sriftebis gadarTvebs. am procesis dasaCqarebel or
meTods ganvixilavT.
 1. saWiro Sriftebis piqtogramul meniuze dawyoba:
                            Tools / Customize /
                            Commands / Categories /
                            movniSnavT Fonts /
                            Comands /


                                 movZebniT saWiro
Srifts, movniSnavT da mausiT (daWerili marcxena
RilakiT) gadavitanT ( operacia Drag & Drope)
piqtogramul meniuze nebismier adgilas.
SesaZlebelia xSiradgamoyenebadi Sriftebis
dalageba sakuTar piqtogramul meniuze: : Tools /
Customize /Toolbars/ New / CawerT saxels / OK .
amorCeuli Sriftebi, iseve rogorc nebismieri
brZaneba Tqveni survilis mixedviT SeiZleba
gadmoitanoT personalur piqtogramul meniuze,
romlis magaliTi
motanilia qvemoT.
aq SriftebTan
erTad datanilia
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word                26


ori brZaneba, klipebis Casmisa da operaciis
ganmeorebis.
2. klaviaturidan Sriftis zomis swrafi Secvla.
movniSnavT teqsts, romlis zomis Secvla gvinda (an
momdevno teqstis zomis Secvlas vapirebT),
erTdroulad vaWerT Ctrl+Shift+P, avkribavT Sriftis
zomis Sesabamis ricxvs da Enter.
3. klaviaturis meSveobiT Sriftebis gadarTva.
igi xorcieldeba Semdegi gziT: Tools / Customize /
Keyboard / Categories/ Fonts / Fonts / movniSnavT saWiro
Srifts / ujraSi Press new shortcut key avkribavT ctrl +
nebismieri klaviSa (moveridebiT iseTi klaviSebis
daniSvnas, romlebic rezervirebuli arian ZiriTadi
operaciebis Sesasruleblad) / Assign / Close.
aq sCans zemoT miTiTebuli operaciebis Sesrulebis




Sedegi, saidanac SeiZleba davaskvnaT, rom am
konkretul SemTxvevaSi Srifts Acad Nusx –s
daniSnuli aqvs ( Current keys) Ctrl+N, riTac
SesaZlebelia misi CarTva nebismier momentSi.
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word                27




     - 2

rogor movxsnaT momxmareblis mier
daniSnuli klaviSebis funqciebi.



        pasuxi:   drodadro saWiroa gavauqmoT
klaviSebisaTvis miniWebuli funqciebi. amis naTeli
magaliTia wina SekiTxvis pasuxi, sadac erTerT
Srifts (AcadNusx) Cven davuniSneT klaviSaTa
kombinacia Ctrl+N. normalur viTarebaSi klaviSebis
es kombinacia daniSnuli aqvs axali (New)
dokumentis gamotanas, rac mniSvnelovania imitom,
rom igi warmoadgens Word – is standartul
brZanebas. Yyvelanairi daniSvnebis mosaxsnelad
vasrulebT Semdeg operaciebs: Tools / Customize /
Keyboard / Reset All / Yes. Tu klaviSebis garkveuli
kombinaciebi daniSnuli aqvT calkeul simboloebs,
maSin am daniSnulebis mosaxsnelad vasrulebT
Semdeg operaciebs: Insert / Symbol… / movniSnavT
simbolos
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word                  28


zonaSi Current key moiniSneba klaviSaTa daniSnuli
kombinacia / Remove / Close




      - 3

 rogor vimuSaoT erTdroulad ramdenime
dokumentSi.


         pasuxi:   gavxsniT yvela saWiro dokuments
(raodenoba ra Tqma unda misaReb farglebSi).
meniuSi Window gavaaqtiurebT Arrabge All. yvela
dokumenti dalagdeba ekranze ise rogorc sivrce
aZlevs maT amis saSualebas. Tu Tqven moisurvebT
ganalagoT dokumentebi sxvadasxva formiT e.w.
kaskadurad, forizontalurad Tu vertikalurad,
maSin vasrobeT Semdeg manipulaciebs: mausis
marjvena RilkiT davalebaTa panelis (Taskbar)
Tavissufal adgilas /da Sesabamisad an Cascad
Windows , an Tile Windows Horizontally an Tile Windows
Vertically .


      - 4
 saWiroa muSaoba dokumentis sxvadasxva adgilas
erTdroulad



        pasuxi: gansakuTrebiT maSin, roca saqme
gvaqvs didi moculobis dikumentTan da saWiroa
redaqtirebis operaciebi erTdroulad sxvadasxva
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word                  29


adgilas (teqstis gadmotana, terminebis Secvla,
Camateba da sxva) Word -i iZleva saSualebas gavyinoT
ekranis erTi nawili da vimoZraoT meoreSi.
amisaTvis meniuSi Window gaaqtiureT Split, gaCndeba
moZravi zoli, daafiqsireT igi mausis RilakiT. amis
Semdeg Tqven SegeZlebaT imuSaoT calkeul
nawilebSi. meorenairad igives miRweva SeiZleba Tu
mausiT CavavlebT Word-is marjvena vertikalur
gadamxvevis zemoT mTavsebul mcire zomis Rilaks,
wamoiRebT saWiro adgilas da daafiqsirebT. am
reJimis gauqmeba xdeba an mausis saSualebiT zolis
ZemoT ataniT an Window / Remove Split.




      - 5
 saWiroa swrafad SevitanoT dokumentSi calkeuli
amonaridebi, mza teqstebi



        pasuxi:     viyenebT samsaurs Autotext.
movniSnavT teqsts / Insert / AUtotext /Autotext / zolSi
Enter Autotext entries Here SeitaneT raime sityva an
sityvis nawili / AddD/ SeiZleba gamovitanoT am
samsaxuris piqtogramyli meniu Tu gavaaqtiurebT
Show Toolbar –s / OK .
     roca aRniSnuli amonaridis Casma mogvindeba
nebismier adgilas standartuli gziT vatarebT
Semdgom operaciebs: Insert / Autotext / Aoto0text / Normal /
marjvniv gamoCndeba teqstisaTvis darqmeuli sityva
                 teqsturi redaqtori - Word                30

                                                     *
(SesaZlebelia aseTi iyos ramdenime) /          (L)
konkretul sityvaze.


           - 6
     teqstebisaTvis (amonaridebisaTvis) SeiZleba
Tu ara Seiqmnas specialuri Rilakebi maT swrafad
Casasmelad.



              pasuxi:   am pasuxisaTvis gavagrZelebT
wina kiTxvis pasuxis Sedegebs da ufro
gavaadvilebT teqstebis (da ara marto teqstebis)
Setanas.
     roca Seqmnilia calkeuli teqstebis
avtomaturi SetanisaTvis Sesabamisi sityvebi, am
ukanasknelebs movZebniT avtoteqstis brZanebebSi da
gadmovitanT an standartul piqtogramul meniuze an
sakuTarze (romlis Seqmnac aRwerili iqneba qvemoT).
gza aseTia:
Tools / Customize / Commands / Categories / Autotext /
Commands / aq vipoviT Cven saWiro sityvas da
operaciiT “mausis marcxena daWerili RilakiT
gadaacureT” (Drag & Drop) piqtogramul meniuze.
SeiZleba (rekomendirebulia) amisaTvis Seiqmnas
sakuTari piqtogramuli meniu, romelic ara marto
teqstebis avtomaturi SetanisaTvis gamoviyenoT,
aramed nebismieri xSiradSesrulebadi brZanebis
gansaTavseblad.




*
 aseTi aRniSvna SemoviReT nacvlad winadadebisa: daawkapuneT
mausis marcxena (L-Left) RilakiT da Semdeg konkretuli
elementis saxeli
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word             31




           - 7
     rogor SevqmnaT momxmareblis piqtogramuli
meniu (an mTavari menius konkretuli punqti),
qvemeniu da a.S.



              pasuxi:    gamoyenebiTi programebisaTvis
arsebobs brZanebaTa standartuli, sasruli
raodenobisaTvis gankuTvnili rogorc mTavari, ise
piqtogramul meniuTa racionaluri raodenoba.
xSirad saWiroa an maTi modifikacia an axlis Seqmna
momxmareblis moTxovnilebis Tanaxmad. sistema
saSualebas iZleva SevqmnaT nebismieri
konfiguraciis (ra Tqma unda mizanSewonil
farglebSi) meniuTa sistema.
    SevasruloT TanmimdevrobiT Semdegi operaciebi:
meniu / Tools / Customize ( meorenairad   (R)   menius
zolze / CustomiZe / Categories / ipoveT Sesabamisi
kategoria (brZanebaTa erToblioba) / Commands /
daafiqsireT TqvenTvis saWiro (xSiradgamoyenebadi
an sxva kriteriuimiT) brZaneba da operaciiT “mausis
marcxena daWerili RilakiT gadaacureT,”
gadaitaneT TqvenTvis saWiro adgilas, magaliTad
standartul piqtogramul meniuze.
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word               32




      - 8
rogor davamatoT piqtogramul meniuze
momxmareblis meniu.



        pasuxi: gamoaCineT is piqtogramuli meniu,
romelzec gvinda davamatoT axali:         (R)
piqtogramul menius nebismier adgilas / airCieT
meniu:   (L)   meniuze. mTavar meniuSi Tools / Customize
/ Commands / New menu / gadaitaneT New menu
gamotanil piqtogramul meniuze /        (R)     axal
meniuze da ujraSi Name CabeWdeT saxeli / daaWireT
EEnter –s. saxelad Cven SemTxvevaSi avirCieT Axali
Meniu. rac Seexeba
brZanebebs, romlebic gvinda ganvaTavsoT am meniuSi
viqceviT Semdegnairad: …..Customize / Categories /
Commands / virCevT brZanebas da mas gadavitanT
axal meniuze. am operaciaTa Sesrulebis Sedegi Cans
suraTidan. meniuSi CarTulia ori brZaneba Properties
da Check Box.


      -9
    rogor aRvadginoT minimizirebuli
              dokumenti


        pasuxi: am operaciis Sesrulebis ori gza
arsebobs:
     1. MmeniuSi Window davaWiroT ( (L)) im
        dokumentis saxelze, romlis aRdgena gvinda.
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word                 33


     2. swrafad aRsadgenad davalebaTa panelze
davaWiroT ( (L)) minimizirebul Ddokuments


     - 10

 rogor davayenoT parametrebi ekranis           meti
an naklebi aris gamosaCenad


         pasuxi:
1. meniuSi Windows Start moniSneT Settings da Semdeg
Control Panel;
2. ormagi daWeriT Display -ze gaxseniT igi;
3. gaaqtiureT cxrili (CanarTi) Settings;
1. Desktop area –s qvemoT gasacurebeli Rilaki
    gadaitaneT sasurvel mxares;
rogorc wesi kompiuteri gadaitvirTeba da CarTvis
Semdeg ekrani dadgeba axali parametrebiT.


      - 11

 rogor SevqmnaT dokumentis (failis) asli
sxva folderSi


       pasuxi:   amisaTvis SeasruleT operaciebi:

1. daaWireT ( (L)        (Open.)
2. ujraSi Look in gaaaqtiureT is mowyobiloba
   (disko), romelSiac moTavsebulia faili, romlis
   asli gvinda;
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word            34


3. folderebis siaSi gaxseniT (SesaZlebelia ormagi
   daWeriT) is, romelic Seicavs sasurvel fails;
   Tu faili ver naxeT, maSin saWiroa SexvideT
   Zebnis (Find) samsaxurSi. mausis marjvena RilakiT
   imoqmedeT kopirebad failze da konteqstur
   meniuSi gaaqtiureT Copy;
4. Look in ujraSi gaaaqtiureT is mowyobiloba an
   folderi, romelSiac apirebT failis kopirebas;
5. folderebis siaSi marjvena Rilakis zemoqmedeba
   saWiro folderze (aq romelime faili ar unda
   iyos gaaqtiurebuli) da konteqstur meniuSi Paste;



     - 12

   rogor gadavitanoT (failis moZraoba)
                 faili


       pasuxi:
1. Open (   )marTvis pultze ;
2. ujraSi Look in airCieT is mowyobiloba an
   folderi, romelic Seicavs gadasaadgilebel
   fails;
3. ormagi daWera im folderze romelSiac faili
   imyofeba; Tu faili ver naxeT, maSin iyenebT
   samsaxurs Find;
4.   (R)    gadasaadgilebel failze da konteqstur
   meniuSi (L) Cut –ze;
5. ujraSi Look in
6.   (L)    im mowyobilobaze an folderze,
   romelSiac unda gadavitanoT faili;
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word            35


7. gavxsnaT Sesabamisi folderi (adresati) (W)-iT.
   masSi ar unda iyos moniSnuli romelime faili;
  (R ) folderze da konteqstur meniuSi (L)
Paste


        - 13

         rogor SevucvaloT saxeli fails


          pasuxi:
1.     (L)     Open marTvis pultze;
2.   ujraSi Look in (L) Sesabamis mowyobilobaze an
     folderze
3.     (W)    folderze sadac imyofeba faili,
     romlis saxelis Secvla gvinda;
4.     ®(R) Sesabamis failze da konteqstur meniuSi
       (L) Rename
       CabeWdeT axali saxeli da daaWireT - ENTER
(    )
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word                36




                             - 14
    rogor davakavSiroT sxvadasxva tipis
    failebi ofisis kalaTis (Office Binder)
               gamoyenebiT


          pasuxi: SesaZlebelia erTad moaTavsoT
urTierTdakavSirebuli failebi ofisis kalaTaSi.
magaliTad Tu erTi angariSisaTvis saWiroa Word-is
faili, Excel-is samuSao furceli da Power Point-is
slaidebi, mizanSewonilia isini moTavsdnen
kalaTaSi da erTad vimuSaoT maTze.
kalaTaSi Tqven SegiZliaT SeasruloT Semdegi
samuSaoebi:
♦ marTlweris Secdomebis gasworeba;
♦ gaavrceloT saWiro stili;
♦ SeasruloT yvela dokumentis (romelTac
   kalaTaSi seqciebi hqvia) gverdebis danomvra
   miyolebiT;
♦ dabeWdoT calkeuli seqciebi (dokumentebi);
♦ imuSaoT calkeul seqciaSi individualurad;
♦ SegiZliaT erTdroulad SeqmnaT mTeli
   kalaTisaTvis an calkeuli seqciisaTvis
   TavsarTi da bolosarTi (header and footer)
 Aaxali kalaTis gasaxsnelad, jer unda gaixsnas
ofisis kalaTa. amisaTvis aseT gza arsebobs:         (L)
ÞStart/ Programms/ Microsoft Binder. Semdeg meniuSi File
aaqtiurebT New Binder-s. Tqven roca muSaobT ofisis
kalaTis fanjaraSi, mis marcxena mxares
moTavsebuli arian is seqciebi (calkeuli
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word            37


dokumentebi, failebi), romlebTanac gixdebaT
erTdrouli muSaoba, xolo fanjris marjvena mxares
moTavsebulia aqtiuri seqcia. faili romelsac
amatebT (svamT) kalaTaSi, SeiZleba iyos axali an
arsebuli faili. arsebuli failis dasamateblad
mausiT gadmoitaneT (Drag and Drop) igi Window
Explorer-idan kalaTis fanjris marcxena nawilSi an
  (L)Þ Add from File ofisis kalaTis meniuze Section



      -15

       dokumentis swrafi damaxsovrebis
                organizacia


            pasuxi: am operaciis Sesasruleblad
unda Catardes Semdegi operaciaTa Tanmimdevroba:
1. meniuSi File / (L)Þ Save As
2.    (L)    / Tools / General Options
3. imisaTvis raTa davimaxsovroT mxolod
   cvlilebebi dokumentSi moniSneT sakontrolo
   ujra Allow fast asves
4. OK
gasaTvaliswinebelia is faqti rom, am reJimis
CarTviT failis zoma SesamCnevad izrdeba.
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word            38




     - 16

   rogor SevamciroT dokumentis (failis)
                  zoma


        pasuxi:   rac didia dokumentis zoma, miT
meti adgili ukavia mas mexsierebaSi. aqedan
gamomdinare proporciulad izrdeba garkveuli
procesebis (damaxsovrebis, gverdebis gadanomrvis,
monacemTa ganaxlebisa da a.S.) Sesrulebis dro.
     qvemoT SemoTavazebuli moqmedebebi SesamCnevad
Seamcireben didi     dokumentebis (failTa) zomebs.
1. swrafi damaxsovrebis (Fast saves) reJimis
   gamoyeneba moiTxovs diskos did mexsierebas sanam
   dokumenti gaxsnilia. Tqven SegiZliaT dazogoT
   diskos tevadoba Tu amoSliT Allow fast saves
   CanarTidan Save, romelic ixsneba Tu avirCevT
   meniudan Tools da Semdeg Options.
2. mexsierebis dazogvis meore xerxi mdgomareobs
   dokumentis sxvadasxva versiebis waSlaSi.
   amisaTvis meniuSi Fiele (L) ÝVersions. airCieT is
   versia (versiebi), romlebic unda waSaloT (roca
   erTze meti versiis arCeva gindaT daWeril
   mdgomareobaSi gaaCereT Ctrl ( )) da daaWireT
   Delete-s
3. SesamCnevad mcirdeba dokumentis zoma Tu
   dokumentSi e.w. danergil obieqts gardavsaxavT
   grafikaSi. danergili (Embeded) obieqtia maSin,
   roca misgan SesaZlebelia im programis
   gamoZaxeba, sadac Seqmnilia obieqti. obieqtis
   grafikaSi konvertirebisaTvis vasrulebT Semdeg
                 teqsturi redaqtori - Word                39


     manipulaciebs: a) vaaqtiurebT obieqts ( (L)
     Ýobieqtze)
     b) viRebT klaviSebis kombinacias: CTRL+SHIFT+F9
(    )

4. Semdegi meTodi dokumentis (failis) zomis
Semcirebisa mdgomareobs mierTebuli (Linking)
obieqtis nacvlad grafikis CasmaSi. amisaTvis
saWiroa daculi iqnes Semdeg operaciaTa
Tanmimdevroba:
                 1. im adgilas, sadac grafikis Casmas
apirebT      (L)
                 2. meniuSi Insert gaaaqtiureT Picture da
   ÝFrom File;
                    3. im naxatze, romlis Casmac gindaT;
               4. amoirCieT sakontrolo ujra Link to
file;
               5. gaasufTaveT sakontrolo ujra Save
with document;
               6. daaWireT      (L)      Insert-s;
      am   operaciebis       Semdeg     Tqven      SegiZliaT
dainaxoT       suraTi,     magram    ver     SeZlebT     mis
redaqtirebas an dabrunebas im adgilas saidanac
CasviT obieqti.


          - 17

    rogor gavxsnaT         dokumenti myar diskoze an
                           qselSi


           pasuxi:
     1.      (L) Ý Open;
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word               40


   2. ujraSi Look in gaaqtiureT mowyobiloba,
      folderi an internetis Sesabamisi adgili
      sadac imyofeba sasurveli dokumenti;
   3. folderebis siaSi ormagi daWera ( (W)
      folderebze manam, sanam ar gaixsneba is
      folderi, romelic Seicavs sasurvel
      dokuments; Tu Tqven ver naxeT dokumenti,
      SesaZlebelia CarToT Zebnis (Find) samsaxuri;
   4.   (W) Þ (mausis marjvena Rilakis daWera)
       dokumentze mis gasaxsnelad.

    SeniSvna: im dokumentis gasaxsnelad, romelic
sxva programaSia Seqmnili iqceviT Semdegnairad:
ujraSi Files of type moiniSneba failis Sesabamisi tipi
da Semdeg folderis siaSi (W) Þdokumentis
saxelze. Tqven aseve SegiZliaT miuTiToT Sesabamisi
gafarToeba, amasTan gamoiyenoT Caweris Semdegi
tipi: *.xls , *.mdb (eqselisa da aqsesis failebis tipis
gasaxsnelad).
Efolderebis siaSi gaxseniT ( (w)) is, romelSiac
moxdeba kopireba;
   5. gaxsnil folderSi          (R) da Semdeg konteqstur
       meniuSi (L) Þ Past. am operaciis Sesrulebamde
       unda darwmundeT, rom arc erTi faili ar
       aris moniSnuli. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi ar
       moxdeba kopireba.      ·
            teqsturi redaqtori - Word            41




     - 18

 rogor gavxsnaT dokumenti reJimSi “mxolod
               wasakiTxad”


        pasuxi:
1.   Ý Open;
2. ujraSi Look in gaaqtiureT mowyobiloba,
   folderi an internetis Sesabamisi adgili sadac
   imyofeba sasurveli dokumenti;
3. folderebis siaSi ormagi daWera ( (W)
   folderebze manam, sanam ar gaixsneba is
   folderi, romelic Seicavs sasurvel dokuments;
   Tu Tqven ver naxeT dokumenti, SesaZlebelia
   CarToT Zebnis (Find) samsaxuri;

4. moniSneT faili




5.    -is gverdiT siis CamosaSlel Rilakze
daWeriT miviRebT zemoT gamotanil suraTs, sadac
vaaqtiurebT Open Read - Only
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word              42




      -19

   rogor SevinaxoT dokumenti sxvadasxva
                versiebSi


         pasuxi: rogorc cnobilia 2000 - mde
arsebobdnen versiebi Word-97, Word-95, Word-6.0
amasTan dakavSirebiT aris dokumentis Senaxvis
SesaZlebloba momxmareblisaTvis sasurvel versiaSi.
amis realizacia xdeba Semdegi proceduris dacviT:
1. meniuSi File Þ Save As;
2. ujraSi Save as type movniSnavT: Word 97 ;
3. Save
  failis sxvadasxva tipebi, romlebic
registrirebuli arian Windows-Si, gaxsnis momentSi
iwveven Sesabamisi programis gaxsnas. magaliTad Tu
Tqven gaxsniT romelime teqst-fails CairTveba
programa Notepad. Word-2000-i saSualebas iZleva
SevcvaloT is programa, romelic irTveba romelime
failis gaxsnisas. amisaTvis viqceviT Semdegnairad:
1. folderSi My Computer an Windows Explorer
    gaaqtiurebT View meniu-s Options punqts;
2. vimoqmedoT -T File Types CanarTze;
3. ujraSi Registered file types (failis registrirebuli
    tipebi) moniSneT failis is tipi, romlis gaxsnac
    gindaT sxvadasxva programebTan erTad;
4.     Þ Edit;
5.     Þ Open ujraSi Actions;
6.     Þ Edit;
                  teqsturi redaqtori - Word                          43


7. ujraSi Application used to perform action CabeWdeT
   adgilsamyofeli im programisa, romelic unda
   gmoiyenoT arCeuli tipis failebis gasaxsnelad,
   an daaWireT Brows –s folderebis siidan
   programis gzis (path) asarCevad.


        - 20

    rogor unda dadges standartuli (muSa)
     folderi Open da Save- is dialogur
                fanjrebSi



        pasuxi: Tavidan, roca Tqven Word-s xsniT
ofisis programaTa yvela dokumenti inaxeba
folderSi My Document. amdenad igi gvevlineba
rogorc standartuli samuSao folderi. Tqven
saSualeba geZlevaT SecvaloT samuSao folderi.
amisaTvis saWiroa Sesruldes Semdeg operaciaTa
Tanmimdevroba:
1. meniuSi Tools vaaqtirebTΚ Options, Semdeg ki
CanarTs File Location;
2. siaSi File tipes movniSnavT Documents ;
3. moniSneT Modify;
4. folderis Sesacvlelad, naxeT aseTi (sasurveli)
da gaaqtiureT.
     Tu gindaT axali folderi iyos, rogorc
samuSao folderi, daaWireT Create New Folder da


Κ
  gaaqtiurebas vxmarobT termini Click-is qarTuli Sesatyvisis
uqonlobis gamo. igive konteqstSi SeiZleba gamoviyenoT: daWera, moniSvna
an gamoyofa
            teqsturi redaqtori - Word            44


CabeWdeT saxeli axali folderisaTvis ujraSi
Name.



     -21

   rogor ganisazRvreba im dokumentebis
  ricxvi, romlebic redaqtirebulni iyvnen
axlo warsulSi da fiqsirdebian meniuSi File


         pasuxi:  Tqven saSualeba gaqvT areguliroT
axlad gamoyenebuli dokumentebis ricxvi siaSi ,
romelic fiqsirdeba meniuSi File:
    1. meniuSi Tools gaaaqtiureT Options da Semdeg
         CanarTi General;
    2. daayeneT dokumentebis ricxvi an gaasufTaveT
          sakontrolo ujra Recently used file list.
    3. OK



     - 22

   rogor avirCioT erTdroulad ramdenime
            dokumenti (failis)


       pasuxi:  aramezobeli failebis asarCevad
dialogur fanjaraSi Open airCieT erTi failis
saxeli. daaWireT klaviSas CTRL ( ) da airCieT
damatebiT romeli failic gindaT.
                   teqsturi redaqtori - Word       45


    mezobeli failebis asarCevad dialogur
fanjaraSi Open, airCieT pirveli failis saxeli
mimdevrobaSi. daaWireT klaviSas SHIFT da airCieT
bolo faili mimdevrobaSi. Tu Tqven airCieT iseTi
faili, romlis arCeva aRar gindaT, daaWireT
klaviSas CTRL ( ) da gaaqtiureT es faili.



          - 23

       saWiroa qselis mowyobilobaze mierTeba


        pasuxi:
1. daaWireT ORilaksOOpen
2. gaaqtiureT Commands and Settings (brZanebebi da
   dayeneba), Semdeg ki Map Network Drive1;
3. ujraSi Drive moniSneT im mowyobilobis
   Sesabamisi simbolo, romelic gindaT;
4. ujraSi Path (gza) SeitaneT adgilsamyofeli (gza)
   im folderisa, romelTanac apirebT dakavSirebas
rCeva: Tu SemdegSi gindaT avtomaturad
daukavSirdeT qselis am mowyobilobas Windows
CarTvasTan erTad, moniSneT sakontrolo ujra
Reconnect.




1
    qselis mowyobilobaTa   ruqa
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word                46




       - 24

 ra funqciebi aqvT piqtogramul meniuTa
calkeul Rilakebs (brZanebebs)


       pasuxi: qvemoT mocemulia dawvrilebiTi
axsna TiToeulisaTvis




Word - is standartuli piqtogramuli meniu
(Toolbar)


Rila
       dasaxeleba                funqcia
 ki
       New          axali dokumentis gaxsna
       Open         arsebuli dokumentebis siidan
                    erTerTis gaxsna
       Save         gaxsnili dokumentis damaxsovreba
                  teqsturi redaqtori - Word                 47


Rila
       dasaxeleba                   funqcia
 ki
       Print          beWdva (beWdvis reJimebis dayenebis
                      gareSe)
       Print          dokumentis daTvaliereba
       Preview        gamobeWdvamde
       Spelling       orTografiuli Secdomebis
                      gasworeba
       Cut            amoWra, buferul
                      mezsierebaSi gadatana
       Copy           moniSnuli elementis buferSi
                      kopireba
       Paste          buferidan elementis Casma

       Format         moniSnuli formatis gavrceleba
       Painter

          Undo         Sesrulebuli operaciis gauqmeba
       Insert         hiperteqsturi kavSiris damyareba
       Hyperlink
       Web            qselis (interenetis) marTvis
       Toolbar        pultis CarTva
       Tables &       cxrilebis da CarCoebis samsaxuris
       Borders        (marTvis pultis) gamotana
       Insert         dokumentSi cxrilis CarTva
       Table


                      eqselis furclis Casma
       Insert
       Microsoft
       Excel
       Worksheet
                 teqsturi redaqtori - Word                   48


Rila
       dasaxeleba                    funqcia
 ki
                      teqstis svetebSi ganTavseba
       Columns
                      xatvis samsaxuri
       Drawing
       Document       dokumentis ruqa
       Map
                      dokumentis xedi sxvadasxva
       Zoom
                      masStabiT (%-Si)
                      teqstis im elementebis damalva-
       Show/Hide      gamoCena, romlebic dabeWdvas ar
                      eqvemdebarebian
       Office         ofisis damxmare samsaxuri
       Assistent      konteqsturi sacnobaro, da
                      sainstruqcio informaciiT


formatirebis piqtogramuli meniu
    formatirebis piqtogramuli menius
daniSnulebaa Seasrulos teqstis gaformebis,
misTvis gansakuTrebuli saxis micemis mravali
funqcia.


       1                    2              3    4 5      6




  7    8 9       10    11       12   13   14        15
 # dasaxeleba         funqcia
                teqsturi redaqtori - Word                 49


 1.    Style         sxvadasxva stilis asarCevi fanjara
 2.    Font          Sriftebis sia, saidanac erTerTs
                     virCevT
 3.    Font Size     Sriftis zomis asarCevi sarkmeli
 4.    Bold          sqeli asoebiT beWdvis reJimi
 5.    Italik        daxrili asoebiT beWdva
 6.    Underline     qvemoT xazgasmuli beWdvis reJimi
 7.    Align Left    teqatis gasworeba marcxniv
 8.    Center        teqstis moTavseba centrSi
 9.    Align Right   teqstis gasworeba marjvniv
 10.   Justify       orive mxares Casworebuli beWdvis
                     reJimi
 11. Numbering       striqonebis numeraciis avtomaturi
                     reJimi
 12. Bullets         striqonebis simboloebiT moniSvna
 13. Decrease        paragrafis aris Semcireba
     Indent
 14. Increase        paragrafis arealis gazrda
     Indent
 15. … Borders       sxvadasxva CarCoebis asarCevi sarkmeli
 16. Higlight        teqstis gamoyofis (sxvadasxva feriT)
                     samsaxuri
 17. Font            Sriftis feris arCeva
     Color


samarTavi instrumentebis piqtogramuli meniu

                     Control      marTvis Rilakebis
                     Toolbox      paneli
                     Design       konstruqtoris
                     mode         reJimi
                     Properties   maxasiaTeblebi
teqsturi redaqtori - Word             50


     Control      marTvis Rilakebis
     Toolbox      paneli
     Design       konstruqtoris
     mode         reJimi
     Properties   maxasiaTeblebi
     View Code    xedis
                  (daTvalierebis)
                  kodiD
     Chek Box     sakontrolo ujra
     Text box     teqstis Sesatani
                  ujra
     Command      brZanebis Rilaki
     Button
     Option       reJimis Rilaki
     Button
     List Box     siis gaxsnis ujra
     Combo        teqstisa da siis
     Box          ujraTa kombinacia
     Toggle       mdgomareobaTa
     Button       (reJimebis) Soris
                  gadasarTavi
                  Rilaki
     Spine        (mokleba-
     Button       momatebis) Rilaki
     Scroll Bar   gasaCoCebeli
                  paneli

     Label        Wde
                   teqsturi redaqtori - Word             51




        -   26
              rogor SevqmnaT axali dokumenti

      pasuxi: axali dokumentis Seqmnis ori gza
arsebobs. pirveli, roca marTvis pultze
vaaqtiurebT Rilaks          da meore roca
SeasrulebT Semdeg moqmedebebs:
1. meniuSi File moniSneT New;
2. axali sufTa (blank) dokumentis Sesaqmnelad
   airCieT CanarTi General, Semdeg simbolo Blank
   Document.
   Tu gindaT SeqmnaT dokumenti, romelic efuZneba
   romelime Sablons, airCieT Sesabamisi CanarTi,
   CanarTidan airCieT sasurveli Sabloni da
   imoqmedeT masze mausiT (W)2 . Tu axali
   dokumenti gindaT ar efuZnebodes standartul
   Sablons daaWireT New-s


            - 27

saWiroa Seiqmnas standartuli dokumenti e.w.
                  Sabloni


           pasuxi: Sablonis saxiT SesaZlebelia
    Senaxul iqnas raime teqstis fragmentebi,
    specifiuri (momxmareblis mier awyobili) marTvis

2
    (W) –mausis marcxena Rilakze ormag daWeras niSnavs
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word            52


     piqtogramuli meniu (piqtogramuli meniu),
     makrosi (makro-brZanebebi), klaviaturis
     gansakuTrebul klaviSaTa kombinaciebi,
     sxvadasxva stilebi da teqsti avtomaturi
     SetanisaTvis.
          yvelaze advili gza Sablonis Seasaqmnelad
     aris is aqtiuri dokumenti, romelSic ukve yvela
     is komponentia, romlebic gvinda SablonSi iyos
     warmodgenili. qvemoT mocemuli operaciaTa
     Tanmimdevroba miuTiTebs Sablonis Seqmnis gzas:
1.   roca Sabloni romelime arsebuli dokumentis
     bazazeAiqmneba vaaqtiurebT Open-s da virCevT
     bazur dokuments; Tu gindaT gamoiyenoT
     arsebuli Sabloni axlis Sesaqmnelad, maSin
     daaWireT New-s meniuSi File, moniSneT saWiro
     Sabloni, romlis msgavsis Seqmnas apirebT, Semdeg
     ki moniSneT Template areSi Create New da OK.
2.   meniuSi File moniSneT Save As;
3.   Save As dialogur fanjaraSi vaaqtiurebT
     Document Template (*.dot). failis es tipi airCeva
     isedac, Tu Tqven erTxel ukve SeinaxeT romelime
     dokumenti, rogorc Sabloni.
4.   gansazRvreT Sablonis folderi, Tu sad gindaT
     inaxebodes es Sabloni (General an sxva
     folderSi);
5.   ujraSi File name CabeWdeT axali Sablonis
     saxeli (Tqven irCevT) da Save (damaxsovreba);
6.   axal SablonSi SeitaneT cvlilebebi
     rac aucilebelia (CasviT makrosi, Tu gsurT);
7.   daaWireT Save-s da File meniuSi gaaaqtiureT Close
     (daxurva). µ
                     teqsturi redaqtori - Word                              53




          - 28

      SesaZlebelia Tu ara internetis gverdis
              Seqmna Word-is garemoSi


       pasuxi: MS Word-i gvTavazobs or sxvadasxva
xerxs e.w. Web gverdebis* Sesaqmnelad. erTi, roca
specialuri ostati (Wizard) gvexmareba mis
momzadebaSi da meore, arsebuli dokumentis
konvertireba e.w. hiperteqstul enaSi (HTML).*roca
Tqven erTerT am meTods gamoiyenebT Word-i,
specialurad am SemTxvevisaTvis gardaqmnis marTvis
pults, menius brZanebebs da reJimebs, raTa avtoris
moTxovnebiT Seavsos Web gverdi.



          -   29

      Web gverdis Seqmna Wizard-is an Sablonis
                   gamoyenebiT


              pasuxi:

              1. meniuSi File virCevT New da Semdeg                Web
                 Pages CanarTs;


*
    Web page – Ria gverdi, raime informaciis Internet - Si gansaTavseblad
*
    HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word                54


        2.   (W) Þ Web Page Wizard da Semdeg
           imoqmedeT Wizard-is miTiTebuli
           instruqciis mixedviT an daaWireT Blank
           Web Page –s;
        3. teqstSi SeitaneT saWiro clilebebi an
           formatirebis aucilebeli elementebi.



      - 30

  rogor davimaxsovro Word-dokumenti HTML
  formatSi (anu Sevasrulo konvertireba)


         pasuxi: vinaidan Word-is yvela versia ar
Seicavs HTML –is (HyperText Markup Language)
maxasiaTeblebs, pirvelad aucilebelia Tqveni samuSao
SeinaxoT Word formatSi, miTumetes Tu am failis
gamoyenebas isev apirebT Word –Si.
    am failis konvertirebisaTvis meniuSi File
gaaaqtiiureT Save as HTML .



      - 31

 rogoria sxvadasxva tipis dokumentebis
Seqmnis saerTo gza


       pasuxi: imisaTvis, raTa Tqven SeZloT
redaqtireba Semdegi tipis dokumentebisa,
rogorebicaa:
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word                   55


sagazeTo werili, faqsi, kalendari, dRis wesrigi,
sakanonmdeblo gamosvla (dacvis sityva), sxvadasxva
saxis werili Tu Tezisebi, arsebobs erTi saerTo
gza:
1. meniuSi File airCieT New;
2. airCieT CanarTi Other Documents;
3. ormagi daWera - (W)Þim tipis dokumentze,
   romlis Seqmnasac apirebT;
4. SeasruleT amorCeuli dokumentis ostatis
(Wizard) nabij-nabij instruqciebi.




      - 32

  rogor CavsavaT gaxsnil dokumentSi sxva
                dokumenti


        pasuxi:
1. moniSneT is adgili, sadac sxva dokumentis Casmas
   apirebT
2. meniuSi Insert daaWireT File-s
3. ujraSi File name SeitaneT Sesatani failis
   saxeli;
   Tu Tqven gindaT mxolod failis nawili
   SeitanoT, SegiZliaT ujraSi Range miuTiTod e.w.
   wignis mosaniSnis saxeli (bookmark name).



   saerTo (standartuli) terminis uqonlobis gamo
iZulebuli varT, SeiZleba arc ise zustad, magram termini
Wizard-is Sesatyvisad gamoviyenoT ostati.
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word                    56




      - 33

  dokumentis damaxsovrebis ra SemTxvevebi
                 arsebobs


        pasuxi:
   1. axali dokumentis damaxsovreba. mxedvelobaSia
      is dokumenti romelic axali gaxsnilia da
      redaqtirebis procesSia an damTavrebulia
      redaqtireba. gza : piqtogramul meniuSi
      (marTvis pultze) mausiT vaaqtiurebT Rilaks

            (Save), an meniuSi File Þ Save ujraSi Save
      In airCeva is folderi, sadac vapirebT
      dokumentis damaxsovrebas. SeiZleba Seiqmnas
      axali folderi Tu movniSnavT – Create New
      Folder / ujraSi File name CavwerT saxels
      (saxels momxmarebeli irCevs) /Save
   2. arsebuli (adre damaxsovrebulis) dokumentis
      damaxsovreba. gza :      Þ
   3. yvela gaxsnili failis damaxsovreba.          gza :
      Shift ( ) +meniu File / Save All.
   4. dokumentis aslis          damaxsovreba. gza:
      gaxseniT dokumenti / File / Save As / ujraSi
      File name – CawereT saxeli / Save.
   5. sxva programaSi gamosayenebeli dokumentis
      damaxsovreba. gza: gaxseniT dokumenti / File /

  Tanmimdevrulad Sesrulebadi operaciebi gamoyofilia
daxrili xaziT (/), rac miuTiTebs dasrulebul operacias.
                teqsturi redaqtori - Word                     57


      Save As / ujraSi File name (CawereT saxeli) /
      Save As type (airCieT Tu romeli formatiT
      gindaT daimaxsovroT – romel programaSi
      iqneba gamoyenebuli) / Save.
   6. dokumentis (failis) damaxsovreba sxva
      gafarToebiT. gza : gaxseniT dokumenti / File /
      Save As / ujraSi File name CawereT failis
      saxeli axal gafarToebasTan erTad da CasviT
      brWyalebSi, ase mag: «Budget . abc» / Save.
7. dokumentis dasacavad gamoyenebuli e.w.
avtogadamfaravis (Autorecover) damaxsovrebis
intervalis cvlileba. avtogadafarviT xorcieldeba
dokumentis perioduli (droebiTi) damaxsovreba.

   7. kopioebis (aslebis) damaxsovreba. gza : meniu
      Tools / Options / CanarTi Save / airCieT
      sakontrolo ujra Save AutoRecover info every /
      ujraSi minutes SeitaneT is intervali (dro),
      romelSiac gindaT moxdes avtogadafarva / roca
      daamTavrebT muSaobas dokumentze daaWireT


      Rilaks       Þ            .
   8. Tqven SegiZliaT yoveli damaxsovrebis dros
      SeqmnaT dokumentis asli (backup copy).
gza : meniu - File / Save As / Options / airCieT - Always create
backup copy / OK / Save.

9. dokumentis sxvadasxva versiiT damaxsovreba. gza:
   meniu File / Versions / Save Now / ujraSi Comments
   on version CabeWdeT aRweriTi saxis informacia im
   versiis Sesaxeb, romelSiac daimaxsovreT .
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word               58


10. versiis avtomaturi miniWeba daxurvis dros. gza:
    File / Versions / airCieT ujra Automatically save a
    version on close / Close.
11. dokumentis versiis damaxsovreba rogorc
    calkeuli failisa. gza: File / Versions / airCieT
    dokumentis is versia, romlis damaxsovreba
    gindaT rogorc calke failisa / Open / File /
    Save As / ujraSi File name SeitaneT saxeli / Save.
12. dokumentis damaxsovreba specialur gverdSi FTP
    (File Trasfer Protokol) gza: File / Save As / ujraSi
    Save in moniSneT Internet Locations (FTP) / gverdebis
    siaSi airCieT romeli gindaT, / File name (CawereT
    dokumentis saxeli) / Save.



      -   34

    aqtiuri dokumentisaTvis rogor unda
       Seiqmnes failis maxasiaTeblebi


        pasuxi:
1. meniuSi File airCieT Properties, Semdeg CanarTi
   Custom;
2. ujraSi Name CabeWdeT saxeli maxasiaTeblisaTvis
   an amoirCieT siidan;
3. ujraSi Type, airCieT Tu ra tipis maxasiaTeblebi
   gindaT;
4. ujraSi Value CabeWdeT maxasiaTeblisaTvis sidide
   (mniSvneloba);

    Tu ras warmoadgens FTP axsnili iqneba momdeno
masalaSi.
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word           59


5. gaaaqtiureT OK.


      -35

   rogor xorcieldeba dokumentis SigniT
              gadaadgileba


       pasuxi:
   ♦ mausiT

 sad gindaT           mausiT imoqmedeT Semdeg
 gadasvla?            klaviSaze
 erTi striqoniT       isari zemoT
 zemoT
 erTi striqoniT       isari   qvemoT
 qvemoT
 erTi ekraniT zemoT  vertikaluri gadaxvevis
                     Rilakis zemoT
 erTi ekraniT qvemoT vertikaluri gadaxvevis
                     Rilakis qvemoT
 gadasvla            gaacureT vertikaluri
 konkretul gverdze gadaxvevis Rilaki saWiro
                     gverdamde
 gadasvla marcxniv    marcxniv gadasvlis isarze

 gadasvla marjvniv    mar marjvniv gadasvlis
                      isarze
 gadasvla marcxniv    Shift +
 erTi aris
 (margin) daSorebiT
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word                   60



   SeniSnva: roca gindaT gadaxvideT erTi gverdiT zemoT an
qvemoT airCieT Sua Rilaki vertikaluri gadaxvevis panelze,
Semdeg ki gaaqtiureT Rilaki Browse by Page (mimoxilva
gverdebis mixedviT). gadasasvlelad daaWireT Semdeg    an
winamdebare gverdis      Sesabamis klaviSas.




      - 35

     rogor xdeba teqstisa da grafikuli
             elementis waSla


        pasuxi:

   risi waSla xdeba             romeli
                                klaviSebiT
   marcxniv erTi simbolo        BACKSPACE
   marcxniv erTi sityva         CTRL+BACKSPACE
   marjvniv erTi simbolo        DELETE
                 teqsturi redaqtori - Word                        61


    risi waSla xdeba                  romeli
                                      klaviSebiT
    marjvniv erTi sityva              CTRL+DELETE
    moniSnuli teqstis amoWra          CTRL+X
    (buferSi gadatana)
    bolo moqmedebis gauqmeba           CTRL+Z
    moniSnuli elementis e.w.           CTRL+F3
    spaikSi\ (Spike) gadatana


       - 36

    rogor xorcieldeba teqstis an grafikis
             gadatana da kopireba


          pasuxi:
      elementi, romlis asli an
                                       klaviSebis kombinaciebi
            gadatana gvinda
    teqsti an grafika (winaswar
                                                 CTRL+C
    moniSnuli)
    moniSnuli elementis
                                         F2 (Semdeg ENTER-s)
    gadatana
    avtoteqstis Seqmna                           ALT+F3
    buferis SigTavsis Casma                      CTRL+V
    spaikis (Spike ) SigTavsis
                                            CTRL+SHIFT+F3
    Casma
    moniSnuli elementis
                                         F2 (Semdeg ENTER-s)
    gadatana
    avtoteqstis Seqmna                           ALT+F3

\
 Spike -i specialuri saTavsoa teqstis an grafikis elementebis droebiT
Sesanaxad, raTa mere jgufurad (erTad) Caisvas saWiro adgilas
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word                   62


      elementi, romlis asli an
                                 klaviSebis kombinaciebi
           gadatana gvinda
    buferis SigTavsis Casma                CTRL+V
    spaikis (Spike ) SigTavsis
                                     CTRL+SHIFT+F3
    Casma




      - 37

    meniuSi brZanebis (punqtis) damateba


        pasuxi: momxmareblisaTvis saWiro (xSirad
gamosayenebeli) brZaneba, romelic standartul
variantSi ar aris mocemuli SesaZlebelia
damatebul iqnas menius nebismier adgilas. qvemoT
mocemuli, aucilebel operaciaTa Tanmimdevrobis
Sesrulebis Semdeg Tqven ixilavT meniuSi sruliad
axal punqts.
1. ekranze daayeneT is meniu, romelSic gindaT
   daamatoT punqti (brZaneba);
2. meniu Tools / Customize / Commands / ujraSi
   Categories moniSneT is punqti, romelSiac imyofeba
   dasamatebeli brZaneba / roca daayenebT
   kategorias, ujridan Commands airCieT sasurveli
   brZaneba da gadaitaneT ( Þ Drag and Drop)3
   menius Sesabamis adgilas.



3
  es saxelia im operaciisa, romelic xorcieldeba mausis
marcxena daWeril mdgomareobaSi myofi klaviSiT obieqtis
gadacurebisas.
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word               63




      - 38

       rogor Sevasrulo raime brZaneba
               klaviaturidan



        pasuxi:       arsebobs     klaviSis   daniSvnis
SesaZlebloba           ama   Tu     im   brZanebisaTvis,
makrosisaTvis, SriftisaTvis, teqstis avtomaturi
SetanisaTvis, konkretuli stilis dasayeneblad,
calkeuli      simbolos          Casasmelad.    klaviSis
dasaniSnad      SeasruleT        Semdegi     operaciaTa
Tanmimdevroba:
1. meniu Tools / Customize;
2. daaWireT (gaaaqtiureT) Keyboard;
3. ujraSi Save changes in moniSneT is mimdinare
   dokumenti Tu Sabloni, romelSiac unda
   daimaxsovroT daniSnuli Rilaki;
4. ujraSi Categories moniSneT is punqti, romelSiac
   imyofeba Rilakze dasaniSni brZaneba; ujraSi
   Current keys gamoCndeba is Rilaki (Rilakebi),
   romelic aqamde iyo misadagebuli am konkretuli
   brZanebis Sesasruleblad;
5. marjvena ujraSi Commands moniSneT konkretuli
   brZaneba;
6. ujraSi Press new shortcut key daaWireT axal (Tu
   adre sxva iyo daniSnuli) klaviSas, daaWireT
   brZanebas Assign.
                    teqsturi redaqtori - Word         64


7. Close


           -   39

 rogor davamatoT marTvis pultze (Toolbar)
        saWiro brZaneba (Rilaki)


        pasuxi: Tqven SegiZliaT CasvaT Rilaki
pultze xSirad gamosayenebeli brZanebisa, an sxva
samsaxuris gasaSvebad. amisaTvis viqceviT
Semdegnairad:
1. gamoaCineT is piqtogramuli meniu (piqtogramuli
   meniu),
romelzec gindaT daamatoT saWiro Rilaki;       (R) Þ
menius areze / Customize / moniSneT saWiro
piqtogramuli meniu;
2. meniu Tools / Customize / Command, (suraTi
      qvemoT)




3. ujraSi Categories airCieT is, romelSiac Sedis
   Tqvens mier dasamateblad arCeuli brZaneba;
   suraTze is momentia dafiqsirebuli, roca
   pultze gadasatanad arCeuli gvaqvs kategoria
   Insert - dan brZaneba (Rilaki) Chart - diagrama.
4. gadaitaneT (Drag and Drop) arCeuli brZaneba
piqtogramuli menius saWiro adgilas.
                     teqsturi redaqtori - Word                 65




             - 40
        rogoria mTavari menius brZanebaTa
       funqciebi da maTi Sesabamisi klaviSebi


         pasuxi:  mTavari meniu ganlagebulia Word
-is fanjris saTauris qvemoT. igi moicavs yvela
ZiriTad brZanebas, romelic saWiroa teqstis
redaqtirebisa da formatirebisaTvis. qvemoT
warmodgenilia yvela brZaneba minimaluri axsniTa
da komentariT, maTi Sesabamisi Rilakebisa da
simboloebis demonstraciiT.


    meniu - File


      menius
              klaviSebi           funqcia            simbolo
     punqtebi
     New      Ctrl+N              axali
     Open        Ctrl+O           gaxseni

     Close                        daxure

     Save        Ctrl+S           daimaxsovre

     Save Ase failis damaxsovreba damatebiTi
     ..       atributebiT4
4
    saxelis darqmeva da masze sxva Tvisebebis miniWeba
                  teqsturi redaqtori - Word                66


    Save Ase CarTavs internetis asistents, raTa
    HTML     dokumenti gaaformos rogorc HTLM5

    Version     dokumentis sxvadasxva versiiT Senaxva
    ...
    Page       gverdis dayeneba saWiro parametrebiT
    Setup
    Print      gamobeWdvis wina xedi
    Preview


    Print      Ctrl+P      dabeWde

               Mail             dokumentis el. fostiT
    Send       Recipient        gagzavna
    To
               Routing          aqtiuri dokumentis
    4
               Recipi-          gadacema marSru-tirebi-
               ent              saTvis
               Exchange         aqtiuri failis gagzavna
               Folder           gacvlis folder-Si
               Fax              failis faqsiT gagzavna
               Recipient
               MS Power         aqtiur fails xsnis Power
               Point            Point programaSi


    Properti   iZleva srul informacias failis Sesaxeb
    es         (zoma, tipi. statistika)




5
 HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language –hiperteqstuli ena,
internetSi komunikaciisaTvis
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word               67


meniu – Edit
    menius     klaviSebi   funqcia         simbolo
    punqtebi
                           kopirebis6
    Undo Copy Ctrl+Z       operaciis
                           gauqmeba




6
 kopirebis imitom, rom wina momentSi Sesrulebuli iyo
operacia kopireba.
                teqsturi redaqtori - Word              68




meniu – Edit
    menius     klaviSebi    funqcia         simbo
    punqtebi                                lo
                              kopirebis7
                              operaciis (am
    Undo Copy Ctrl+Z
                              SemTxvevaSi)
                              gauqmeba
                        axlaxan gauqmebuli
    Repeat              Casmis operaciis
               Ctrl+Y
    Paste               aRdgena - Casma8
                        (ganmeordes)
                        moniSnuli
    Cut        Ctrl+X elementis buferSi
                        gadatana (amoWra)
                        buferSi myofi
    Paste      Ctrl+V elementis Casma
               buferSi myof elements Casvams an
    Paste
               daakavSirebs failTan im formatSi,
    Special
               romelsac Tqven ganusazRvravT
    Paste as   buferidan Casvams moniSnul adgilas
    Hyperlink  elements, rogorc mibmul obieqts
                        igivea rac waSla
    Clear      Delete
                        (gaasufTave)
                        erTbaSad gamoyofs failis
    Select All Ctrl+A
                        Yyvela elements



7
 kopirebis imitom, rom Sesrulebuli iyo operacia kopireba.
8
 es operacia aRadgens axlaxan gauqmebul operacias Casma
(Paste)
                 teqsturi redaqtori - Word             69


 menius        klaviSebi        funqcia        simbo
 punqtebi                                      lo
                         Zebnis samsaxurSi
 Find . . .    Ctrl+F    gadasvla (ipovne)
                         napovn elements
 Replace       Ctrl+H Secvlis sxva
                         elementiT
                         kursori gadayavs
                         Cves mier
                         miTiTebul adgilas,
 Go To . . .   Ctrl+G mag. gverdze,
                         niSnulze,
                         sqolioze,
                         komentarze da a. S.
 Links . . .   gaaaqtiurebs im gamoyenebiT
               programas, romelSiac iyo Seqmnili
               failSi Casmuli obieqti
 Objekt        moniSnul obieqts (naxats, diagramas)
               gadaiyvans Sesabamis programaSi
               redaqtirebisaTvis




meniu - View

  menius punqtebi     funqcia             simbolo

 Normal               normaluri
 Online Layout        striqonobrivi
                      konturi
 Page Layout          gverdebiT
                      ganwyoba, gegma
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word              70


  menius punqtebi   funqcia              simbolo
 Outline
                    perspeqtiva

 Master document    dokumentis
                    ostati

 Toolbars           pultebi
 Ruler
                    mimmarTveli

 Document Map
                    ruqa

 Header and         TavsarTi da bolosarTi
 Footer
 Footnotes          gverdis sqolio

 Comments           komentarebis Casma
 Full Screen        informacia
                    mTel ekranze

 Zoom . . .         masStabi (gadideba an Semcireba


meniu-Insert
  menius         funqcia
                                           simbolo
  punqtebi
                 gverdgamyofi xazis
  Break          Casma
                gverdebis numeraciis
  Page Numbers
                samsaxuri
  Date and Time TariRi da dro
                    teqsturi redaqtori - Word             71


menius               funqcia
                                                simbolo
punqtebi
                     mza teqstebis Casma
Autotext
                     velebis gaTvaliswineba sxvadasxva
Field
                     standartuli monacemebis Casasmelad
                     simbolos Casma
Symbol
                     CarCo
Frame
Footnote        gverdis bolos ganmartebis Casma
Caption         suraTebze, cxrilebze warwerebi
                dokumentis elementebze gamWoli
Cross-reference
                identifikacia (gadanomrva)
                sarCevi, literatura, da sxva
Index & Table
                cxrilebi
       Clip Art        naxatebi,
  Picture




                       klipebi

            From File        failidan

            AutoShapes CarCoTa avt.
                       Semovleba
            Word Art     teqstis mxatv.
                         gaformeba
            From         skaneridan
            Scaner
            Chart        diagrama
                  teqsturi redaqtori - Word             72


 menius            funqcia
                                              simbolo
 punqtebi
               teqstisaTvis ujris
 Text Box
               gamoyofa
 File          failis nawilis an mTelis Casma
 Object        suraTis, mxatvr. teqstis an
               gantolebis Casma
 Bookmark      specialuri, wignSi mosaniSnebi
 Hyperlink     hiperteqstis, obieqtis
 Ctrl + K      mibma


meniu Format

 menius             funqcia          simbolo
 punqtebi
 Font               Sriftis Secvla

 Paragraph          cvlis abzacis daSorebas,
                    striqonTaSoris manZils da sxva
 Bulets and         danomvrisa da
 Numbering          simboloTa dasma
                    siaSi
 Borders and        CarCoebi da Crdilebi
 Shading
 Columns            teqstis
                    svetebSi Casma
 Tabs               tabulastopebis dasma, ganrigeba
 Drop Cap           abzacis pirveli asos gadideba
 Text Direction     teqstis
                    orientacia
 Autoformat         avtomaturi
                    formatireba
                teqsturi redaqtori - Word             73


  menius          funqcia             simbolo
  punqtebi
  Change     arCeul teqstSi cvlis
  Case       asomTavruliT weris
             reJims
  Style      sxvadasxva stilis
             SerCeva
  Background     fonis SerCeva

  Object          obieqtis (mag. naxatis)
                  formatireba




meniu Tools
  menius      qvepunqtebi   funqcia         simbolo
  punqtebi
  Spelling  Secdomebis
            (orTografiuli,
  &Grammer gramatikuli)
  F7        gasworeba
  Language Set Language enis dayeneba
  4
            Thesaurus      sinonimebi da antonimebi
            Hyphenation defizi (gadatana)
  Word      sityvebis mTvleli
  Count
  Auto      aqtiuri dokumentisaTvis
  Summarize adgens reziumes
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word               74


menius      qvepunqtebi    funqcia        simbolo
punqtebi
Auto        avtomaturi koreqtirebis smsaxuri
Correct
Look        saxelmZRanelo informacia, sistemis
 Up         aRwera magaliTad da a.S.
Reference
Track       Highlight      cvlilebebis
Changes 4 Changes          dafiqsireba
Accept or     clilebebis
 Reject
              datoveba, moxsna
Changes
Compare             dokumentebis Sedareba
Documents
Merge Documents dokumentebis SeerTeba (Serwyma)
Protect Document dokumentis dacva
Mail Merge          seriuli werilebi
Envelopes & Labels konvertebi da Wdeebi
Letter Wizard       werilis Semdgeneli
Macro 4 Macros           makrosebi

Record       axali makrosis dawera
New
Macro
Visual       viuJual
Basic
             beisikis redaqtori
Editor
Templates    Sablonebis da damatebiTi programebis
&            (servisebis) CarTva
Add-Insert
Customise    momxmareblis mier menius, piqtogramuli
             menius (piqtogramuli menius) awyoba
Options      reJimebis dayenebis samsaxuri
                  teqsturi redaqtori - Word       75


meniu Table

  menius            funqcia             simbolo
  punqtebi
  Insert Rows       striqonebis Casma

  Delete cells      striqonis waSla

  Merge Cells       ujrebis
                    gaerTianeba
  Split cells       ujrebis dayofa

  Select Row        striqonis arCeva
  Select Column     svetis arCeva
  Select Table      cxrilis arCeva
  Table             cxrilis
  Autoformat        avtoformatireba
  Distribut         Tnabari simaRlis
  Row Evenly        striqonebad dayofa
  Distribut         Tanabari siganis
  Column            svetebad dayofa
  Evenly
  Cell Height &     ujris simaRle da sigane
  Width
  Headings          saTaurebi
  Convert text      teqstis cxrilSi konvertacia
  to table
  Sort              daxarisxeba

  Formula           maTematikuri formulebi
  Split Table       yofs cxrils or
                    calkeul cxrilad
                 teqsturi redaqtori - Word            76


  menius         funqcia           simbolo
  punqtebi
  Show Gridlines gamoaCens an damalavs
                 cxrilis gamyof xazebs

meniu Window
 menius            funqcia                 simbolo
 punqtebi
                   xsnis axal fanjaras
 New Window
                   igive failisTvis
 Arrange All       yvela gaxsnil fails
                   warmoadgens calkeul
                   fanjaraSi
 Split             fanjaras yofs
                   calkeul panelebad
 1 Aaaa.doc        mocemul programaSi axladgaxsnili
 2 Bbbb.doc        failebis sia
 3Cccc.doc


meniu Help
  menius           funqcia           simbolo
  punqtebi
  Ms WordHelp      redaqtoris daxmareba,
  F1               asistenti, cnobari
  Contents &       sarCevi, sagnobrivi
  index            maCvenebeli da Zebna

                   samsaxuri - ra aris
  What's This?
                   es?
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word             77




     -   41

    rogor unda gamravldes erTi werili
      eleqtronuli fostis ramdenime
             adresatisaTvis


         pasuxi: sakiTxi exeba erTidaigive teqstis
(werilis, faqsis Tu sxva dokumentis) sxvadasxva
rekvizitebiT gamravlebas.
     procesi ori etapisagan Sedgeba: ZiriTadi
dokumentis (Main Document) anu Sablonis da e.w.
monacemTa wyaros (Data Source) formireba.
ganvixiloT am procesis dawvrilebiTi mimdevroba.
      vaaqtiurebT meniu Tools da brZanebas Mail Merge.
Sedegad viRebT qvemoT motanil dialogur fanjaras
(aq mxolod fragmenti Cans, Tumca CvenTvis yvela
saWiro elementiT).
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word             78



    Semdeg vaaqtiurebT TanmimdevrobiT Create â
Form letters. Sedegad miviRebT Setyobinebas :




      am Setyobinebis Tanaxmad winadadeba gveZleva
Sablonur dokumentad avirCioT an aqtiuri an axali
dokumenti. davuSvaT avirCieT aqtiuri fanjara
(Active Window). wina fanjaras daemateba Setyobineba:
Merg Typ: Form Letters Þ Main document: A (aq
miTiTebulia dokumentis saxeli). qvemoT moyvanili
suraTi amis demonstraciaa:




     am momentisTvis ukeTesia jer SevavsoT
monacemTa wyaro-baza (cvalebadi nawili), raTa
Semdeg mTavar dokumentSi dazustdes velebis Casmis
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word             79


Tanmimdevroba. momdevno moqmedebebi: Get Data Þ Create
Data source ÞField name.




velis saxelis Casawerad vavsebT ujras Field name




      aq SevitanT ZiriTad dokumentSi Casawer
velebis saxelebs (mag. saxeli, gvari, asaki, firmis
dasaxeleba, misamarTi da sxva), an siidan Field names
in header row avirCevT SemoTavazebul velebs. Þ Ok Þ
Save (davimaxsovrebT raime saxeliT). gaCndeba qvemoT
moyvanili dialoguri fanjara.
                    teqsturi redaqtori - Word      80


     vagrZelebT Semdegi gziT: Þ Edit Data Source.
viwyebT konkretuli monacemebis Setanas. gaixsneba
qvemoT naCvenebi forma - Data Form. SevavsebT imden
formas9, dokumentis ramdeni egzemplaric gvinda.
ToToeulSi SevitanT calkeuli adresatisaTvis
gankuTvnil monacemebs. Þ gaixsneba qvemoT mocemuli
forma - Data Form, romelSiac SevitanT TiToeuli




adresatisaTvis gankuTvnil monacemebs. yoveli aseTi
formis Sevsebis Semdeg vaaqtiurebT Þ Add New
(axlis damateba), gaixsneba axali sufTa forma,
vavsebT mas da ase Semdeg.
     mas Semdeg rac Sevsebulia yvela forma
gadavdivarT ZiriTadi (Sablonuri) dokumentis
dasrulebaze, e. i. masSi vsvamT velebs gankuTvnil
adgilebze. Þ Edit Main Document. am operaciis
Sesruleba xorcieldeba marTvis pultze gamoCenil
Rilakis Insert Merge Fields - is meSveobiT.




siis gaxsnis Rilakze daWeriT gamoCndeba yvela is
veli, romelic Seiqmna; virCevT konkretuls da
vsvamT saWiro adgilas. meore Rilaki Insert Word

9
    monacemTa Setana xdeba formis SablonSi
                       teqsturi redaqtori - Word                             81


Field emsaxureba standartuli frazebis Casmas,
romliTac SegviZlia visargebloT da davamatoT
ZiriTad dokuments.
      bolo operacia aris gamzadebuli
dokumentisa da monacemTa wyaros (Data Source)
SeerTeba, Serwyma - Merge. am brZanebas Seesabameba
ZiriTadi dialoguri fanjris qvemoTa marcxena
Rilaki an pultze gamoCenili Rilaki                                   Merge
to document


           -   42

         redaqtirebis ra ZiriTadi elementebia
               cxrilis formirebisaTvis


       pasuxi: am ganyofilebis ZiriTadi
koncefciebi, romelic miekuTvneba cxrilis
redaqtirebis e.w. marTvis pults (brZanebaTa
piqtogramul menius), axsnilia qvemoT:




     1         2                3              4        5    6   7




 8         9       10 11   12       13 14 15       16   17   18 19
 1.       Draw Table            cxrilis gamoxazva xeliT (mausiT)
 2.       Eraser                saSleli
 3.       Line Style            xazebis sxvadasxva stili
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word                 82


 4.   Line Weight xazis sisqe
 5.   Border Color CarCos feri
 6.   Outside        garSemo CarCo
      Border
 7. Shading Color Crdilis feri
 8. Merge Cells      ujraTa gaerTianeba
 9. Split Cells      ujraTa dayofa
 10. Align Top       gasworeba ujris zemoT
 11. Center          vertikalurad centrSi
      Verticaly
 12. Align Bottom gasworeba qvemoT
 13. Distribute      dayofa
      Rows Evenly erTnairi simaRlis striqonebad
 14. Distribute      dayofa erTnairi siganis svetebad
      Columns
      Evenly
 15. Table           SemoTavazebuli SablonebiT
      Autoformat     cxrilis avtomaturi formatireba
 16. Change          ujraSi teqstis     orientaciis
      Text Direction (mimarTulebis) dayeneba
 17. Sort Ascending daxarisxeba zrdis mixedviT
 18. Sort            daxarisxeba klebis mixedviT
      Descending
 19. AutoSum         avtomaturi jamis formireba
     cxrilis Casma xorcieldeba standartuli

piqtogramuli meniudan Rilakis        gaaqtiurebiT.
Sedegad miviRebT cxrilis SemoTavazebul rangs,
sadac virCevT sasurvel formats (Tu meti rangi
gvinda yovelTvis SeiZleba Camateba). Sedegad Caismeba
arCeuli rangis (Cvens SemTxvevaSi 3 X 3 ) cxrili.
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word          83




      - 43

 rogor xdeba cxrilSi formulebis Sedgena
         da gamoTvlebis warmoeba


       pasuxi: teqstur redaqtor Word-Si
SesaZlebelia Catardes sakmaod rTuli gaTvlebi.
gamoTvlebi dakavSirebulia wina paragrafSi
ganxilul cxrilebTan, vinaidan swored cxrilebSi
gvixdeba xSirad gaangariSebebis Catareba. cxrilSi
raimes saangariSod unda Sesruldes Semdeg
operaciaTa Tanmimdevroba:
        1. moniSneT is ujra, sadac gindaT miiRoT
           Sedegi;
        2. meniuSi Table daaWireT Formula-s;
miRebul dialogur fanjaraSi im adgilas sadac
weria Formula SemoTavazebulia erTerTi (ufro
xSiradgamoyenebadi) funqcia SUM (jami) da Tanac
variantiT ABOVE (zemo ujrebis).
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word              84




es yvelaferi SeiZleba waiSalos da CaweroT Tqveni
varianti. funqcia amoirCioT siidan Paste Function.
ujrebis konkretuli diapazonis (Range)
misaTiTeblad SesaZlebelia CasvaT specialuri
saxeli (Bookmark) siidan Paste bookmark. ujraSi
Number Format mocemulia sia ricxvis dasaSvebi
formatebisa, saidanac avirCevT CvenTvis misaRebs.
     rogor unda Caiweros formulaSi romelime
ujris (romlis SigTavsic monawileobs gaTvlebSi)
misamarTi? qvemoT mocemuli sailuatracio
magaliTi dagvexmareba axsnaSi.

          A     B    C          D
    1    234     66   6577 =SUM( A1,B3, B4)
    2    456    567    345 =B4*C3+C4
    3    345     56     46 =AVERAGE(A3:C3)
    4    255    466    677 =SUM(B1:B4)-C4
   magaliTidan gasagebia ujraTa damisamarTebis
wesi. ujris misamarTi igivea, rac misi
koordinatebi. SeiZleba ujraTa jgufis miTiTebac,
magaliTad Cawera B1:B4 niSnavs - B svetSi Semaval
yvela ujras. magaliTidan sCans formulis Caweris
wesi.
                 teqsturi redaqtori - Word          85


    3.    roca formulis Caweris yvela wesi
 Sesrulebulia vaWerT OK. im ujraSi, sadac
 formula CavwereT Caismeba angariSis Sedegi.


      - 44

  rogor SevadginoT gantoleba


       pasuxi:  sainteresoa gantolebaTa Casmis
samsaxuri. ganvixiloT nabij-nabij instruqcia Tu
rogor CavsvaT gantoleba nebismier adgilas.

1. kursori daayeneT iq, sadac gantoleba unda
Caisvas;
2.    meniu Insert Þ Object Þ Create New;




 3. fanjaraSi Object type moniSneT Microsoft Equation
    3.0;
4.     sakontrolo ujra Float over text an moniSneT an
amoiReT moniSvna imis mixedviT Tu ra gindaT:
Casmuli obieqti aRiqmebodes rogorc Cveulebrivi
teqsti Tu naxati. pirvel SemTxvevaSi mexsierebis
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word               86


naklebi moculoba ixarjeba. Tu gvinda gantolebis
adgilas Caisvas simbolo, movniSnavT sakontrolo
ujras Display as Icon.
  5. daaWireT Rilaks OK ; gamoCndeba gantolebis
     redaqtori (Equation Editor).
am redaqtoris gamoZaxeba agreTve SesaZlebelia
uSualod marTvis piqtogramuli meniudan Tu masze


datanilia Rilaki           romlis saxelia Equation
Editor.




   6. adgenT gantolebas. iRebT simboloebs
      panelidan (Tqvens gankargulebaSia 150-ze meti
      maTematikuri simbolo), svamT cvladebs da
      konstantebs.
7.     dokumentSi (Word-Si) dasabruneblad mausiT
daaWerT gantolebis gare adgilas.


      - 45

     dokumentis gaformebis ra ZiriTadi
           saSualebebi arsebobs


       pasuxi: wignis am nawilSi garCeuli iqneba
iseTi aucilebeli samsaxurebi, rogorebicaa
sqolioebi, cxrilebisa da naxatebis (diagramebis)
aRwerebi, sarCevi, terminologia da sxva.
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word             87




     - 46
rogor Cavsva sqolio (gverdis boloSi an
dokumentis boloSi dasmuli SeniSvnebi)


         pasuxi:    sqolios Casmis detaluri
instruqcia iwyeba meniu Insert-iT (Casma), Semdeg
vaaqtiurebT brZanebas Footnot

          SeniSvna: am dialogur fanjaraSi ori
alternatuli arCevis samsaxuria. erTi gverdis
boloSi (Footnote), Tu dokumentis boloSi (Endnote)
gvinda SeniSvnis




Casma da meore: avtomaturi danomvriT (AutoNumber)
aRiniSnos SeniSvnis adgili teqstSi, Tu specialuri
moniSvniT (Custom mark). SeiZleba raime simbolo
CavsvaT SeniSvnis aRsaniSnavad, Tu davaWerT Rilaks
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word              88


Symbol, romlis Semdeg gaixsneba simboloTa cxrili
da virCevT sasurvels (am wignSi gamoyenebulia ori
meTodi). Tu CavrTavT reJimebs (Options) miviRebT
qvemoTmocemul suraTs. rogorc vxedavT aq ori
CanarTia: gverdisa da bolo SeniSvnebisaTvis.
reJimebi Seexeba Tu sad davsvaT (Place at:), arCevaniT:
gverdis boloSi (Bottom of page), Tu uSualod
teqstis damTavrebisTanave (Beneath text); saidan
daviwyoT SeniSvnaTa danomvra (Start at:); danomvra
iyos mimdevrobiTi (Continuous), Tu daiwyos Yyoveli
Tavidan (Restart each section), an yoveli gverdidan




 (Restart each page). reJimebi dokumentis bolo
SeniSvnebisaTvis (meore CanarTi) TiTqmis igivea da
aRar SevexebiT.
     roca yvelaferi gansazRvrulia Þ OK. Sedegad
kursoris adgilas Caismeba gansazRvruli simbolo,
gverdis (dokumentis) boloSi ki gadava kursori
cdis reJimSi, raTa CasvaT saWiro SeniSvna.
                  teqsturi redaqtori - Word                  89




         - 47

    rogor aRiwereba dokumentis sxvasxva
                elementi
     elementis qveS igulisxmeba suraTebi,
cxrilebi, diagramebi da sxva. procesi iwyeba meniu
Insert- iT, Semdeg Caption.




    am dialogur fanjaraSi mocemulia obieqtis
aRweris magaliTi Figure 1, reJimebSi mocemulia
                               SesaZlo obieqtebis
                               Wdeebi (Label), maTi
                               SesaZlo
                               adgilmedebareoba
                               (Position), danomvris
                               opciebi.10


    10
         zogjer am terminsac xmaroben reJimis aRsaniSnavad
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word            90


SesaZlebelia SemovitanoT axali (Cveni) warwera
elementis aRsawerad Tu gavaaqtiurebT Rilaks New
Label



     - 48
     rogor xdeba avtomaturad sarCevis
          (Sinaarsis) formireba



        pasuxi: sarCevis formireba ramdenime gziT
SeiZleba. ganvixiloT erTerTi yvelaze
gavrcelebuli da Cveni azriT adviladrealizebadi.
es meTodi dafuZnebulia calkeuli TemebisaTvis
(sakiTxebisaTvis) e.w. saTauris (Heading) stilis
miniWebaze. es operacia xorcieldeba formatirebis
panelis marcxena ganapira ujridan. gza




sarCevis formirebisa aseTia:
   1. yovel gamoyofil saTaurs, romelic gvinda
      Sevides sarCevSi mianiWebT erTerT stils.
      amisaTvis moniSnavT saTaurs da aWerT
      magaliTad Heading 2-s;
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word               91


  2. gadadiT im adgilas sadac apirebT sarCevis
     Casmas. vTqvaT dokumentis boloSi da kursori
     daafiqsireT;
  3. meniuSi Insert airCieT Index and Tables, Semdeg
     ki daaWireT Table of Contents CanarTs;
  4. am dialogur fanjaraSi Tqven SegiZliaT
     sxvadasxva saxis formatiT warmoadginoT
     Tqveni sarCevi (airCioT tipi ujridan Format),
     gansazRvroT ramdeni doniT (Level) gindaT
     iyos Sedgenili sarCevi, saTauris Semdeg gasmuli
     iyos Tu ara xazi (Leader) da rogori, aseve
     SesaZlebelia davayenoT sxvadasxva reJimebi
     Tu davaWerT Rilaks Option.
  5. OK




     -   49

  ra roli eniWeba Word-Si makrobrZanebebis
                 samsaxurs


        pasuxi: Tu Word-Si gixdebaT garkveuli
brZanebebis (moqmedebebis) bevrjer gameoreba, Tqven
SegiZliaT davalebis avtomaturad Sesruleba e.w.
makrosis gamoyenebiT.
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word             92


makrosi aris Word – is brZanebebis da
instruqciebis erToblioba, romlebsac Tqven
aerTianebT erT brZanebad. Tavidan icilebT ra
rutinul moqmedebaTa gameorebas, makrosis
gamoyeneba daaxloebiT ¾3/4-iT zrdis efeqtiurobas.
qvemoT mocemulia makrosis gamoyenebis tipiuri
SemTxvevebi:

♦ redaqtirebisa da formatirebis procesis
  daCqareba;
♦ mravali brZanebis erTdrouli Sesruleba;
♦ ufro misawvdomi gaxados esa Tu is reJimi
   romelime dialoguri fanjridan;
♦ davalebaTa kompleqsis Sesrulebis
   avtomatizacia;
     Word-i gvTavazobs makrobrZanebis11 Seqmnis or
saSualebas: makroCamwersa da viuJual beisik12
redaqtors. makroCamweri Tqven gexmarebaT sawyis
etapze. Word-i Cawers makross, rogorc Word-is
brZanebebis serias (Tanmimdevroba) viuJual beisikis
gamoyenebiTi programis enaze. Tqven SegiZliaT
gaxsnaT dawerili makrosi da gaakeToT
instruqciaTa garkveuli modifikaciebi (enis
aTvisebis Semdeg). am programuli enis Rrmad
Sesaswavlad SegiZliaT isargebloT daxmarebis
(Help) failis ganyofilebiT - “Microsoft Word Visual
Basic Reference”.
     Word- Si makrobrZanebebis dasawerad unda
CavrTod makro-Camweri Semdegi moqmedebebis
Tanmimdevruli SeasrulebiT: meniu O- Tools / Macro


11
   termini – makrobrZanebis nacvlad qvemoT yvelgan
gamoviyenebT ubralod makross.
12
   Visual Basic Editor
                 teqsturi redaqtori - Word                93


/ Record New Macro; qvemo suraTze gamosaxuli
dialogur fanjaraSi, velSi Macro name: CavbeWdavT
makrosis saxels.
veli Assign macro to gankuTvnilia makrosis marTvis
misadagebisaTvis13 marTvis piqtogramuli
meniusaTvis (Toolbars), Tu klaviaturisaTvis
(Keyboard). velebi Store Macro in da Description
gankuTvnili arian Sesabamisad: davimaxsovroT es
makrosi nebismir dokumentSi gamosayeneblad, Tu
mxolod am konkretuli dokumentisaTvis da meore,
daurToT makross garkveuli komentari, aRwera.
damTavrdeba ra am dialoguri fanjris Sevseba
vaWerT OK. am moqmedebaTa Sesrulebis Semdeg
ekranze gamoCndeba makrosis Caweris Rilakebi: Stop
(Caweris damTavreba) da Pause.




    amis Semdeg unda SeasruloT garkveul
qmedebaTa erToblioba (brZanebebi da manipulaciebi,
romelTa operatiuli Sesruleba mogvianebiT gindaT
13
     sityva misadageba vixmareT Assign –Tan mimarTebaSi
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word            94


erTi moqmedebiT ganxorcieldes). magaliTad Tu
Tqven gesaWiroebaT CarTod Tqvens dokumentSi
specialurad formatirebuli cxrili
(gansazRvruli CarCoebiT, saWiro zomebiT,
striqonebisa da svetebis aucilebeli raodenobiT),
es operacia SeiZleba makrosis saSualebiT
ganxorcieldes.
      roca Tqven asrulebT operacias “makrosis
Cawera”, SesaZlebelia mausis gamoyeneba brZanebebisa
da sxvadasxva reJimebis CasarTvelad, magram
SeuZlebelia misi gamoyeneba uSualod dokumentis
fanjaraSi. magaliTad Tqven ver gamoiyenebT mas
kursoris gadasaadgileblad, elementis mosaniSnad,
am ukanasknelis gadasaadgileblad da
kopirebisaTvis. xsenebuli operaciebis CasaweradD
unda gamoiyenoT klaviatura. makrosis weris
procesSi, SesaZlebelia gaakeToT pauza da Semdgom
gaagrZeloT Cawera vidre ar daamTavrebT da
daaWerT Rilaks Stop Recording.
     makrosis gaSveba xdeba brZanebiT Run menius
punqtebidan: Tools / Macro / Macros . . . aq im
makrosis saxels moniSnavT, romlis Sesrulebac
gindaT da Semdeg Run. zemoT ukve aRiniSna, rom
makrosis gasaSvebad SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnas
klaviaturis romelime Rilaki, Tu iqneba Sesabamisi
daniSvna, gakeTebuli makrosis daweris sawyis
momentSi.
   makrosis damaxsovreba SesaZlebelia SablonSi an
dokumentSi. rogorc wesi makrosis damaxsovreba
xdeba SablonSi Normal , aqedan gamomdinare misi
gamoyeneba SeiZleba nebismieri dokumentisaTvis.
amave dros Tqven SegiZliaT dokumentisaTvis
gankuTvnili makrosi gadaweroT SablonSi da Semdeg
waSaloT Sablonidan. makrosis kopirebisaTvis, mis
wasaSlelad an saxelis Sesacvlelad gamoiyeneT
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word                95


samsaxuri Organizer–i. Sesrulebis gza: Tools / Macro /
Macros …/ Organizer.



      - 50

     rogor davamatoT mTavar meniuSi raime
               brZaneba (punqti)


       pasuxi:   momxmareblisaTvis saWiro (xSirad
gamosayenebeli) brZaneba, romelic standartul
variantSi ar aris mocemuli, SesaZlebelia
damatebul iqnas menius nebismier adgilas. qvemoT
mocemuli, aucilebel operaciaTa Tanmimdevrobis
Sesrulebis Semdeg Tqven ixilavT meniuSi sruliad
axal punqts.

3. ekranze daayeneT is meniu, romelSic gindaT
   daamatoT punqti (brZaneba);
4. meniu Tools / Customize / Commands / ujraSi
   Categories moniSneT is punqti, romelSiac
   imyofeba dasamatebeli brZaneba / roca daayenebT
   kategorias, ujridan Commands airCieT
   sasurveli brZaneba da gadaitaneT ( Þ Drag and
   Drop)14 menius Sesabamis adgilas.




14
  aseTia saxeli im operaciisa, romelic xorcieldeba mausis
marcxena daWeril mdgomareobaSi myofi klaviSiT obieqtze
CavlebiT da gadataniT.
                  teqsturi redaqtori - Word               96




         - 51

     rogor davuniSnoT klaviaturis romelime
         klaviSa an klaviSebis kombinacia
        konkretuli brZanebis Sesrulebas



       pasuxi: arsebobs klaviSis daniSvnis
SesaZlebloba ama Tu im brZanebisaTvis,
makrosisaTvis, SriftisaTvis, teqstis avtomaturi
SetanisaTvis, konkretuli stilis dasayeneblad,
calkeuli simbolos Casasmelad. klaviSis
dasaniSnad SeasruleT Semdegi operaciaTa
Tanmimdevroba:

1. meniu Tools / Customize;
2. daaWireT (gaaaqtiureT) Keyboard;
3. ujraSi Save changes in moniSneT is mimdinare
   dokumenti, romelSiac unda daimaxsovroT
   daniSnuli Rilakis (Rilakebis) moqmedeba an
   Normal dot, Tu gindaT daniSvnis gavrceleba
   saerTod Word- is programaSi.
4. ujraSi Categories moniSneT is punqti, romelSiac
   imyofeba Rilakze dasaniSni brZaneba; ujraSi
   Current keys gamoCndeba is Rilaki15 (Rilakebi),
   romelic aqamde iyo misadagebuli am konkretuli
   brZanebis Sesasruleblad;
5. marjvena ujraSi Commands moniSneT konkretuli
   brZaneba;


15
     erTi Rilakis dros virCevT erT-erT funqcionalur klaviSas
                  teqsturi redaqtori - Word                   97


6. ujraSi Press new shortcut key CabeWdeT16 axali (Tu
   adre sxva iyo daniSnuli) klaviSa (klaviSaTa
   kombinacia, romelSiac erTi aris Ctrl);
7. daaWireT brZanebas Assign;
8. Close


        - 52

 saWiroa marTvis pultze (Toolbar) davamatoT
axali brZanebis Sesabamisi Rilaki


        pasuxi: Tqven SegiZliaT SeqmnaT Rilaki
pultze xSirad gamosayenebeli brZanebisa Tu sxva
samsaxuris gasaSvebad. amisaTvis viqceviT
Semdegnairad:
1. gamoaCineT is piqtogramuli meniu (piqtogramuli
   meniu), romelzec gindaT daamatoT saWiro
   Rilaki;     (R) Þpultze / Customize / moniSneT
   saWiro piqtogramuli meniu;
2. meniu Tools / Customize / Command;




16  es operacia xorcieldeba Sesabamis klaviSaze (klaviSebis
kombinaciaze) TiTis daWeriT
                teqsturi redaqtori - Word                98




3. ujraSi Categories airCieT is, romelSiac Sedis
   Tqvens mier dasamateblad arCeuli brZaneba;17
4. gadaitaneT (Drag and Drop) arCeuli brZaneba
   piqtogramuli menius saWiro adgilas.



       -   53
     rogor CavsvaT sxvadasxva grafikuli
                  elementi


       pasuxi: qvemoT CamoTvlilia grafikuli
elementebis tipebi da mocemulia maTi Casmis
operaciaTa Tanamimdevroba




17
   brZanebas Seesabameba konkretuli Rilaki; ase rom am
konteqstSi Rilaki da brZaneba sinonimebi arian
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word              99


•    klipebis Casma
kursori daayeneT iq, sadac klipis gadmotana
gindaT;
   1. meniu Insert Þ Picture Þ Clip Art an Picture;
   2. kategoriebidan airCieT romeli gindaT da
      Semdeg sasurvel suraTze ormagi daWera.


    naxatis gadmotana sxva failidan
    1. daayeneT kursori saWiro agilas;
    2. meniu Insert Þ Picture Þ From File;
    3. miakvlieT im fails, romelic Seicavs
       Casasmel naxats;
    4. daafiqsireT naxati;
    5. sakontrolo ujra Float over text an moniSneT,
       Tu gindaT obieqti naxatis TvisebebiT
       gadavides teqstSi, an moxseniT moniSvna Tu
       gindaT Caisvas, rogorc teqstis nawili;

     SeniSvna: Tqven SegiZliaT sagrZnoblad
SeamciroT failis zoma Tu SeasrulebT Semdeg
moqmedebaTa Tanmimdevrobas: dialogur fanjaraSi
Insert Picture (meniu Insert, qvemeniu From File)
moniSneT naxati da Semdeg Þ Link to file Þ
gaasufTaveT sakontrolo ujra Save with document.

    skanirebuli naxatis Casma
     1. daafiqsireT kursori
     2. meniu Insert Þ Picture Þ From Scanner;
     3. moaxdineT naxatis skanireba;
     4. rogorc ki suraTi gamoCndeba programaSi
        Photo Editor, SeitaneT aucilebeli cvlilebebi,
        Tu aseTi gaTvaliswinebulia;
                teqsturi redaqtori - Word                100


   5. Exit and Return to meniuSi File programaSi Photo
      Editor.




      - 54

             rogor davicvaT dokumenti
             arasanqcirebuli gaxsnisagan.


        pasuxi: SesaZlebelia dokumentis dacva
parolis moTxovniT. paroli SeiZleba daniSnul
iqnas rogorc gaxsnaze, ise dokumentis
modificirebaze.
   1. gaxseniT dokumenti;
   2. meniu File Þ Save As;
   3. Options, axal versiebSi Tools / General Options;




   4. ujraSi Password to open (paroli gasaxsnelad)
      CawereT paroli Þ OK;
   5. ujraSi Reenter (xelmeored Setana) password to
      open xelmeored CawereT paroli;
            teqsturi redaqtori - Word             101




   6. Save.
amis Semdeg faili gaxsnis yoveli axali
mcdelobisas gamova Setyobineba parolis
moTxovniT:




ujris Password to open gverdiT mdebare ujra
gaTvlilia failis modificirebaze saWiro
parolisaTvis. am parolis dayeneba zustad igive
TanmimdevrobiT xdeba, rogorc winamdebare (failis
gasaxsnelad).


  dokumenti mxolod wakiTxvisaTvis

dokumentze aseTi Tvisebis miniWeba moqmedebaTa
Semdegi TanmimdevrobiT xorcieldeba:
1. gaxseniT dokumenti;
2. meniu File Þ Save As;
3. Options Þ virCevT sakontrolo ujras Read-Only
   recommended Þ OK;
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word        102


4.     Save.


       - 55
     saWiroa dokumentis formirebisaTvis
        sxva dokumentze (dokumentebze)
               mimarTva, kavSiri.


        pasuxi: am problemis gadasawyvetad
arsebobs e.w. bmuli dokumentebis samsaxuri –
Hyperlink. Tqven SegiZliaT erTi mibmuli
dokumentidan meoreSi amorCeuli informaciis
mausiT gadatana (dragging) da redaqtirebis sxva
operaciebi.
     hiperteqsturi kavSiris dasamyareblad
arsebuli dokumentidan, romelic damaxsovrebulia
(es moTxovna aucilebeblia vinaidan winaaRmdeg
SemTxvevaSi SeuZlebelia ukukavSiri sawyis
dokumentTan) aaqtiurebT brZanebas Insert Hypelink

    . gamotanil dialogur fanjaraSi saSualeba
geZlevaT airCioT kavSiri romelime failTan an
internetis konkretul gverdTan. Cven SemTxvevaSi
avirCioT failTan kavSiri. vaaqtiurebT Rilaks File,
gamotanili siidan virCevT fails da OK. Tu
faili, romelTanac kavSiri davamyareT moniSnulia
specialuri mosaniSnebiT (Bookmarks), maSin, Tu es
aucilebelia gadasvla ganxorcieldes
konkretul mosaniSnze vaWerT Bookmark –s, avirCevT
niSnuls siidan da OK.
     Tu Tqven gadmogaqvT teqsti Word-is or fails
Soris, gaxseniT orive faili da meniuSi Windows
gaaqtiureT Arrange All -i. Tu gadatana xdeba or
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word              103


programas Soris, fanjaraTa zomebi ise daayeneT,
rom orives xedavdeT.
    1. daniSnulebis dokumentSi (romlidanac xdeba
       mibma) moniSneT teqsti, grafiki an sxva ram;
    2. gamoiyeneT mausis marjvena Rilaki da
       gadmoitaneT ZiriTad dokumentSi;
    3. gamoCenil konteqstur meniuSi daaWireT
       Create Hyperlink Here-s


        SeniSvna Þ Tqven aseve SegiZliaT gaakeToT
asli da Semdeg CasvaT teqsti rogorc mibmuli
(hyperlink) elementi. amisaTvis gadaitaneT teqsti
buferSi (operaciebi: Cut an Copy), moniSneT
(gadaitaneT kursori) is adgili sadac svamT
mibmul elements da meniu Edit-Si gaaqtiureT Paste As
Hyperlink.




rCevebi Word-Si


       1 - failis iarliyi SeiZleba gamoiyenoT
rogorc moxerxebuli saSualeba failis
gamosaZaxeblad nebismieri adgilidan. iarliyis
sxvadasxva reJimisa Tu parametris Sesacvlelad
gamoiyeneT    mausis marjvena RilakiT masze
zoqmedebis Sedegad mirebuli dialoguri fanjara,
romlis fragmentic mocemulia qvemoT:
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word             104




mocemuli fargmentidan Cans Tu sad mdebareobs
(saidan gaeSveba) _ C: \ My Document PpunqtSi Start in.
SegiZliaT dauniSnoT gamSvebi klaviSebi, Cven
SemTxvevaSi daniSnuli aqvs klaviSebi Ctrl+Alt+2.
saSualeba geZlevaT airCioT Tu ra formatiT
gaeSvas mocemuli iarliyi. rogorc fragmentidan
Cans sami variantia normaluri, minimizirebuli da
maqsimizebuli fanjriT. RilakiT Find Target gaixsneba
is folderi sadac mdebareobs iarliyi. RilakiT
Change Icon SesaZlebelia iarliys misceT sxva saxe,
airCioT SemoTavazebulidan .

      2 - yvela gaxsnili dokumentis minimizireba
(davalebaTa panelze Rilakebad ganlageba).
SegiZliaT Tu mausis marjvena RilakiT imoqmedebT
davalebaTa panelis Tavisufal adgilas da Semdeg
gaaqtiurebT Minimize All Widows – s
    Tu gindaT aRadginoT fanjara Tavis sawyis
zomebamde maSin   (R) davalebaTa panelis
Tavisufal adgilas da konteqstur meniuSi
gaaqtiureT Undo Minimize.

        3 - yvela gaxsnili dokumentis gamosaCenad
(sxvadassxva formiT)    (R) davalebaTa panelis
Tavisufal adgilas gaaqtiureT erTerTi:
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word           105




im moTxovnis Sesabamisad Tu ra amocanas asrulebT.

         4 - Tu gamoiyenebT operacias Caavle da
gadaitane (Drag & Drop) mausis marjvena RilakiT,
maSin gamoCndeba konteqsturi meniu, romelSiac
miTiTebuli operaciebidan SeiZleba erTerTi
                                SevasruloT. aq
                                gasaTvaliswinebelia
                                erTi momenti, roca
                                gadatana
                                xorcieldeba
                                sxvadasxva diskoebs
                                Soris, maSin
                                ASesruldeba
kopirebis operacia, erTidaigive diskos farglebSi
ki gadatana. Tu gadatana gindaT gamoiyeneT klaviSa
Shift, kopirebisaTvis klaviSa Ctrl , xolo iarliyis
Sesaqmnelad klaviSebis kombinacia Shift+Ctrl.

       5 - erTi dokumentidan meoreSi xSirad saWiroa
teqstis raime monakveTis gadatana. SegiZliaT es
monakveTi gadmoitanoT ekranze da Semdeg CasvaT
sxvagan saWiro adgilas. amisaTvis     (L)  teqstis
moniSnul monakveTze da gadaacureT (operacia Drag
& Drope) ekranze, Semdeg aseTive wesiT gadaitaneT
sxvagan.

       6 - Tu dokumentis beWdvis dros mausis
marcxena Rilakis orjer daWeriT imoqmedebT
sabeWdi mowyobilobis gamosaxulebaze, romelic
Cans davalebaTa panelze, maSin dainaxavT dasabeWdi
gverdebis srul sias.
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word            106



      7 - Tu gsurT amobeWdoT programa Word-is
brZanebaTa sruli sia isargebleT Semdegi
algoriTmiT (brZanebaTa mkacrad gansazRvruli
Tanmimdevroba): Tools / Macro / Macros /




ujraSi Macro in: CasviT Word commands, romelsac
airCevT siidan / ujraSi Macro name: unda Caisvas List
Commands, romelic airCeva siidan / da bolos Run
(gaSveba). amis Semdeg ekranze gamova Word-is
brZanebaTa sruli sia, romelic segiZliaT
amobeWdoT

       8 - klaviSa Insert –is gamoyenebiT SesaZlebelia
buferuli mexsierebis (Clipboard) SigTavsis teqstSi
Casmis (operacia – Paste) ganxorcieleba, romelic
xSirad ufro mosaxerxebelia vidre mausiT
piqtogramuli meniudan RilakiT          an klaviSebis
kombinaciiT Ctr+V. am rCevis realizacia SeiZleba
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word             107


Semdegi gziT Tools / Options / Edit / moniSneT
sakontrolo ujra Use the INS key for paste / OK. amis
Semdeg yoveTvis, roca saWiroa buferSi
moTavsebuli elementis (Sedegi operaciebisa Cut an
Copy) teqstSi Casma, Tqven martivad aWerT klaviSas
Insert.

     SeniSvna: am cvlilibis ganxorcieleba iwvevs
klaviSa Insert –is im funqciis dakargvas, romliTac
SesaZlebeli iyo gadagverTo reJimi “Tavze
gadabeWdva” (xorcieldeba statusis zolze mdebare

Rilakze        ormagi daWeriT) “CasmiT beWdvis”
rJimze.




      9 - SegiZliaT gamoiyenoTYmeniu Help-Si
moTavsebuli Rilaki              (“ra aris es”) da
gaarkvioT Tu redaqtirebis ra elementebia
gamoyenebuli teqstis ama Tu im nawilSi, paragrafi
iqneba Tu stilisa da Sriftis sxvadasxva
maxasiaTeblebi. magaliTi ase gamoiyureba:
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word             108




       10 - xSirad cxrilebi teqstSi ikaveben erTze
met gverds. am SemTxvevaSi, rogorc wesi iyeneben
cxrili wyvetis meTods, romlis realizacia xdeba
Semdegi brZanebaTa
Tanmimdevruli
SesrulebiT: kursors
davafiqsirebT iq, sadac
gvinda gawydes cxrili,
raTa meore nawili
gadavides meore gverdze /
meniu / Insert/ Break /
moniSneT alternatiuli sakontrolo ujra
Column Berak / OK . es meTodi yovelTvis ara aris
moxerxebuli. zogjer saWiroa cxrilis svetebis
saTaurebi (velebi) gadayves Semdeg gverdze cxrils.
aseT SemTxvevaSi viqceviT Semdegnairad:
     1. airCieT (moniSneT)cxrilSi pirveli
         striqoni, sadac dafiqsirebulia svetebis
         saidentifikacio saxelebi;
     2. meniuSi Table airCieT (    (L) ) Heading Rows
         Repeat.
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word           109


 amis Semdeg Word – i yovel Semdgom gverdze
 (sadac grZeldeba cxrili) avtomaturad
 gaimeorebs cxrilis pirvel striqons (velebs).

       SeniSvna: gameorebadi cxrilis saTaurebi
 gamoCndeba mxolod xedSi Print Layout (meniu View /
 Print Layout ).

         11 - Tu Tqven gecodinebaT erTi saidumlo
 Rilaki, maSin Tqven SegeZlebaT erTdroulad
 daimaxsovroT an erTdroulad daxuroT yvela
 gaxsnili dokumenti, romlebzedac muSaobdiT. es
 saidumlo Rilaki aris Shift.
    1. daWeril mdgomareobaSi gaaCereT Shift – i.
       meniuSi FFile gamocndeba ori axali punqti:
       Closs All da Save All.




    2.   Tu gindaT daimaxsovroT yvela gaxsnili
         dokumenti maSin daaWerT Save All – s. da Tu
         yvelas daxurvas moindomebT maSin aWerT
         Closs All –s. daxurvis win Word -
         iDdaazustebs cvlilebebis damaxsovreba
         gindaT Tu ara.

        12 - Tu gamoiyenebT plus da minus
  simboloebs, Tqven SegiZliaT gamoxazoT
  sxvadasxva cxrili, romelsac eqneba TqvenTvis
  sasurveli svetis sigane da sxva parametrebi.
     daiwyeT plus niSnebis (+) dasmiT, romelic
gansazRvravs ujrebis (svetebis) ricxvs, Semdeg
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word              110


dasviT minus (-) niSani. misi raodenoba gansazRvravs
svetis siganes, axali svetis dasamateblad isev
dasviT plus niSani da a.S. bolos daaWireT Enter –s.
Sedegad miiRebT cxrilis erTstriqons. Tu gindaT
daamatoT cxrils striqoni (striqonebi), maSin
kursori daayeneT striqonis bolo ujraSi da
daaWireT Tab-s.
     Tu Tqven ar gamogdiT cxrilis Seqmna
miTiTebuli gziT, maSin saWiroa moxdes Sesabamisi
maxasiaTeblis dayeneba Semdegi manipulaciebiT:
meniu /@ Tools / Autocorrect / Autoformat As You Type /
                                       Semdeg moniSneT
                                       sakontrolo ujra
                                       Tables, rogorc
                                       Cans aq mocemuli
                                       ilustraciidan /
                                       OK




     - 56

        klaviSaTa ra gansakuTrebuli
       kombinaciebiarsebobs operaciaTa
                dasaCqareblad


       pasuxi: qvemoT motanilia TiTqmis sruli sia
  Sesasrulebeli brZaneba        klaviSaTa kombinacia
    yvela didi asoTi                  Ctrl+Shift+A
        anotacia                      Alt+Ctrl+M
fanjris maqsimaluri zoma                Alt+F10
 fanjris zomis aRdgena                   Alt+F5
            teqsturi redaqtori - Word                 111


 Sesasrulebeli brZaneba       klaviSaTa kombinacia
saTauris stili-1 miniWeba               Alt+Ctrl+1
saTauris stili-2 miniWeba               Alt+Ctrl+2
saTauris stili-3 miniWeba               Alt+Ctrl+2
   stili – simboloebiT
                                    Ctrl+Shift+L
        moniSnuli sia
 avtomaturi formatirteba            Alt+Ctrl+K
          avtoteqsti                Alt+Ctrl+V
          avtoteqsti                     F3
      Sriftis gamuqeba                 Ctrl+B
      Sriftis gamuqeba             Ctrl+Shift+B
      niSnulebis Casma             Ctrl+Shift+F5
   winares daTvaliereba           Ctrl+Page Down
   Semdgomis (momdevnos)
                                    Ctrl+Page Up
         daTvaliereba
  damTvaliereblis CarTva           Alt+Ctrl+Home
    teqstis dacentreba                 Ctrl+E
    MmoniSvnis marcxniv
                                         Shift+
          gavrceleba
    MmoniSvnis marjvniv
                                         Shift+
          gavrceleba
            daxurva                     Alt+H
    daxurva an gamosvla                 Alt+F4
       panelis daxurva               Alt+Shift+C
      cxrilis gawyveta            Ctrl+Shift+Return
         svetis arCeva              Ctrl+Shift+F8
        aslis gakeTeba                  Ctrl+C
        aslis gakeTeba               Ctrl+Insert
         teqstis asli                  Shift+F2
     avtoteqxtis Seqmna                 Alt+F3
        formatis asli               Ctrl+Shift+C
      meniuSi punqtebis
                                        Alt+Ctrl+=
       damateba/amoReba
 swrafgamSvebi klaviSebis
                                   Alt+Ctrl+Num+
            dayeneba
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word                 112


  Sesasrulebeli brZaneba       klaviSaTa kombinacia
 meniudan punqtebis amoReba           Alt+Ctrl+ -
             amoWra                     Ctrl+X
             amoWra                    Shift+Del
        TariRis veli                 Alt+Shift+D
     ukana sityvis waSla            Ctrl+Backspace
        sityvis waSla                  Ctrl+del
          leqsikoni                  Alt+Shift+F7
   velze zemoqmedeba (Click)         Alt+Shift+F9
      dokumentis daxurva                Ctrl+W
      dokumentis daxurva                Ctrl+F4
  dokumentis maqsimizireba             Ctrl+F10
     dokumentis moZraoba                Ctrl+F7
  dokumentis aRdgena (wina
                                         Ctrl+F5
            zomaSi)
dokumentis zomis cvlileba               Ctrl+F8
   dokumentis danawevreba             Alt+Ctrl+S
       ormagi xazgasma               Ctrl+Shift+D
         svetis bolo                Alt+ Page Down
         svetis bolo             Alt+Shift+Page Down
     moniSvna dokumentis
                                    Ctrl+Sift+End
           bolomde
     gadasvla dokumentis
                                         Ctrl+End
            boloSi




    savarjiSoebi

    qvemoTmocemul savarjiSoTa mizania praktikuli
Cvevebis miReba da codnis ganmtkiceba ramdenime,
Cvenis azriT mniSvnelovan sakiTxSi. savarjiSoebi
sruldeba kompiuterze (sakmarisia pentiumis
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word           113


minimaluri versia). SevecadeT yoveli calkeuli
moqmedebis demonstracia gagvekeTebina, Tumca
srulad es mainc ver moxerxda. savarjiSoebSi
CarTulia (sadac amis aucilebloba iyo) mibmuli
(Link) obieqtebi da makrosebi rac ufro
TvalsaCinos xdis moTxovnas. yvela savarjiSo
keTdeba minimum orfanjrian reJimSi - ekranze
mudmivad dgas savarjiSos piroba da mkiTxvelis
samuSao fanjara.

savarjiSo 1
piroba : mocemuli magaliTis mixedviT daayeneT
gverdi, Help -is samsaxuridan gadmoitaneT raime
teqsti (3 gverdi), teqstze CaatareT formatirebis
moTxonili elementebi, danomreT, gadawereT
disketze.


 davaleba             demonstracia



 a) daayeneT
 gverdi; areebi:
 zemodan 2sm,
 qvemodan 1,5sm,
 marcxnidan 1.2sm,
 marjvnidan 1,1 sm,
 qaRaldis zoma
 13,5 sm X 25,6
 sm. gza: meniu
 File /Page Setup /
 /MMargins (Paper
 Size)          Þ
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word              114


 b)meniu -               Þ My document\Sur 1.doc
 Help/Contents/vir
 CevT                aq gamoiZaxeba daxmarebis
 teqsts/Options      failidan kopirebis operaciis
 /Copy               TvalsaCinoebis suraTi (igi
 am operacias        dakavSirebulia dokumentTan da
 vimeorebT, sanam    mocemulia qvemoT)
 teqsti 2 gverdi
 ar gaxdeba
 g)dabrundiT
 word- Si da
 daaWireT Rilaks
 Past Þ
 d) gamoyaviT
 saTauri, Srifti
 gaadideT 22- mde
 da gaawiTleT,
 gamoyaviT
 ZiriTadi
 terminebi (mwvane
 feriT). Þ



  daimaxsovreT (SeamowmeT) standartuli
piqtogramuli menius brZanebebi, dasaxmareblad
gamoiZaxeT faili Stand.doc
ÞMMy document \ Stand.doc

♦ mibmuli faili Stand.doc
teqsturi redaqtori - Word                   115




New            axali dokumentis gaxsna
Open           dokumentis gaxsna
Save           dokumentis damaxsovreba
Print          beWdva reJimebis gareSe
Print          daTvaliereba
Preview
Spelling       Secdomebis gasworeba
Cut            amoWra
Copy           elementis buferSi kopireba
Paste          buferidan elementis Casma
Format         moniSnuli formatis
Painter        gavrceleba
Undo           operaciis gauqmeba
Redo           operaciis Tavidan Sesruleba
Insert         mokle gza failis, an obieqtis
Hyperlink      CasarTvelad
Web            qselis (interenetis) marTvis
Toolbar        piqtogramuli menius CarTva
Tables &       cxrilebis da CarCoebis
Borders        piqtogramuli menius
Insert Table   dokymentSi cxrilis CarTva
Insert MS      dokumentSi eqselis samuSao
Excel          furclis CarTva
Worsheet
Columns        teqstis svetebad dayofa
Drawing        xatvis piqtogramuli menius
               gamotana
Document       dokumentis ruqis gamotana
Map
Zoom           xedi sxvadasxva masStabiT
                 teqsturi redaqtori - Word                                     116


                Show/Hide      daubeWdavis damalva
                Office         ofisis damxmare samsaxuri
                Assistent      (asistenti)
 faili    Sur-1.doc




savarjiSo        2
SeadgineT Semdegi konfiguraciis cxrili:

                 maRazia sawyobi               banki
                 gasavali




                                   gasavali




                                                         gasavali



 kviris
                 Semosava



                 Semosava




                                              Semosava




                                                                    SeniSvna

 dReebi
                 li



                 li




                                              li




 orSabaTi        34
 samSabaTi       32
 oTxSabaTi       34
 xuTSabaTi       34
 paraskevi       23
 SabaTi          32
   jami          87

 iyenebT
 Rilakebs    Þ         -                                       -
                             Change text                 Shading
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word             117


                Insert      Direction -    color-
                Table-      teqstis        Crdileb
                cxrilis     mimarTulebis   is feri
                Casma       cvla


v striqonSi jami iangariSeT saerTo jamebi,
amisaTvis isargebleT qvemoT mocemuli gziT:
kursori CasviT Sesabamis ujraSi (sadac jami unda
iangariSod), Semdeg - meniu / table / Formula

  ujraSi Fformula
  SeiZleba CaweroT
  yvela Sesajamebeli
  ricxvi da SeaerTod
  pliusis (+) niSniT;
  ukeTesia Tu miuTiTebT
  misamarTebs ise,
  rogorc es axsnilia
  wignis nawilSi
  formulebi da
  gamoTvlebi.
      SeavseT yvela sveti
  da analogiurad
  zemoTganxilulisa
  iangariSeT jamebi;
  CabeWdeT SeniSvnebi.


   daimaxsovreT; dausviT TariRi (Insert / Date and
Time);
    CawereT disketze (File â Save As â in Floppy
3/5 â Save). aseTi operaciis Sedegad dokumentis
asli Caiwereba disketSi.
                teqsturi redaqtori - Word             118




 savarjiSo # 3

 seriuli werilebi
  Sesasrulebeli          Dd e m o n s t r a c i a
  moqmedebebi
axseniT romelime        sademonstraciod daaWireT
 abloni an nebismieri   F12-s, Sedegad CairTveba
 okumenti.              Sabloni Elegant Memo . am
 ablonisaTvis           operacias asrulebs makrosi
sargebleT gziT:         merge.
eniu File Þ New Þ           am adgilas ra Tqma unda
Memos Elegant           klaviSis miTiTebas azri ar
MemoÞ E(an nebimieri    aqvs, ubralod savarjiSos
xva Sabloni)            aRwerisaTvis movitaneT.
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word   119


meniu Tools Þ
MailMMerge Þ Mail
Merge Helper Þ
Main document Þ
Create Þ Form
Letters




imave dialogur
fanjaraSi Þ Get
Data Þ Create Data
Source Þ Field name
aq CavwerT ZiriTad
dokumentSi
Casasmel velebs
(mag. saxeli, asaki
da sxva) an siidan
Field names in
header row
avirCevT
SemoTavazebul
velebs OOKÞO Save
(davimaxsovrebT
raime
 saxeliT)
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word   120


Þ Edit Data Source
viwyebT konkretuli
monacemebis Setanas.
SevavsebT imden
formas, ramdeni
dokumentis
egzemplaric gvinda
Þ gaixsneba gverdiT
mocemuli forma -
Data Form,
romelSiac SevitanT
TiToeuli
adresatisaTvis
gankuTvnil
monacemebs. yoveli
aseTi formis
sevsebis Semdeg
vaaqtiurebT Þ Add
New (axlis
damateba), gaixsneba
axali sufTa forma
da vavsebT mas da
ase Semdeg.
Þ gadavdivarT
ZiriTadi
dokumentis
dasrulebaze e. i.
masSi velebis
gankuTvnil adgilze
Casmaze Þ Edit
Main Document
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word   121


olo operaciaa
Merge. am brZanebas
Seesabameba ZiriTadi
dialoguri fanjris
qvemoTa marcxena
Rilaki an Rilaki Þ
piqtogramuli
meniudan
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word          122




                     eqseli

      - 1

ra daniSnuleba aqvT eleqtronul cxrilebs



         pasuxi :  eleqtronuli cxrilebis daniSnu-
lebaa cxriluri formiT warmodgenili informaciis
Senaxva da damuSaveba. eleqtronul cxrilebs,
rogorc programul saSualebebs, sxvagvarad cxri-
lur procesorebs uwodeben. isini saSualebas iZle-
vian ara marto SevqmnaT cxrilebi, aramed movaxdi-
noT cxriluri monacemebis damuSavebis avtomatiza-
ciac. garda aRniSnulisa eleqtronuli cxrilebis
daxmarebiT SesaZlebelia SevasruloT ekonomikuri,
sabuRaltro da sainJinro gaangariSebani, avagoT
sxvadasxva saxis diagramebi da grafikebi, Cavata-
roT rTuli ekonomikuri analizi, movaxdinoT sxva-
dasxva sameurneo situaciebis modelireba da opti-
mizacia. dReisaTvis eleqtronuli cxrili aris mo-
nacemTa damuSavebis erTerTi yvelaze Zlieri da
farTod gavrcelebuli sainformacio teqnolo-
giuri saSualeba. eleqtronuli cxrilebis Seqmnis
idea pirvelad gauCndaT harvardis universitetis
(aSS-i) studentebs deni briklinsa da bobi fran-
kstors. maT 1979 w. Seqmnes eleqtronuli cxrilis
programa saxelwodebiT VisiCalc. Semdeg Seqmnili iq-
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word            123


na ufro srulyofili cxrili SuperCalc. kidev ufro
srulyofili eleqtronuli cxrili Seqmnili iqna
1982w. Lotus-is saxelwodebiT (firma - Lotus Develop-
ment-i). 1987 wels firma Microsoft-is mier SemuSavebu-
li iqna eleqtronuli cxrili Excel, romelmac dRe-
isaTvis Zalze farTo gamoyeneba hpova.



      -2
ras warmoadgens gamoyenebiTi programa
Excel


        pasuxi: gamoyenebiTi programuli paketi eq-
seli (Excel) korporacia maikrosoftis damuSavebuli
saofise programaTa Semadgeneli nawilia. mas SeuZ-
lia gamoiyenos ofisSi Semavali sxva gamoyenebiTi
programebi an gamoyenebul iqnas, rogorc Semadgene-
li nawili sxva programebSi. eqseli misi adrindeli
variantis –“eleqtronuli cxrilebis” gaumjobesebu-
li variantia. eqselis samuSao furceli (Spreadsheet)
warmoadgens sabuRaltro davTris kompiutizirebul
eqvivalents. rogorc sabuRaltro davTari, igi war-
moadgens cxrils damisamarTebuli svetebiTa da
striqonebiT, romelic saSualebas iZleva ricxviTi
informacia (gansakuTrebiT ekonomokuri xasiaTis in-
formaciis) warmovadginoT moxerxebul formatSi da
maTze SevasruloT nebismieri rTuli gaTvlebi.
     eqselisadmi gansakuTrebuli interesi gamowveu-
lia misi umTavresi Tvisebis gamo moaxdinos rTuli
gaTvlebis avtomaturi gadaangariSeba sawyis mona-
cemTa cvlilebebTan erTad. am Tvisebis meoxebiT,
               teqsturi redaqtori - Word                124


igi TiTqmis Seucvleli aparatia ricxviT monacemTa
damuSavebis saqmeSi.
    eqselis erTerTi ZiriTadi Tviseba, Rrma anali-
zis Catarebis unari, mas aniWebs sruliad gansakuT-
rebuli da TiTqmis erTaderTi aparatis reputacias.
eqselSi analizis Catarebis procesi amerikul li-
teraturaSi moixsenieba sinonimiT – What If? (ras mi-
viRebT rom?). analizis SesaZleblobas iZleva
eqselis ramdenime sxvadasxva samsaxuri. aseTebia: pa-
rametris SerCeva (Goal Seek), scenari (Scenario), gamom-
Tvleli, an amomxsneli (Solver), diagramebi da sxva.
     zogadad eqseli gankuTvnilia sabuRaltro, sa-
finanso da sxva ekonomikuri xasiaTis amocanaTa
klasis gadasawyvetad.


        -3

ra aris      samuSao furceli (Spreadsheet)


        pasuxi: samuSao furceli, SeiZleba iTqvas
sabuRaltro angariSis kompiutizirebuli eqvivalen-
tia. eqseli adre eleqtronuli cxrilebis saxeliT
iyo cnobili. eqselis samuSao wigni Seicavs samuSao
furclebs (Sheets). samuSao furceli warmodgenilia
qve


    moT

                                              eqselis
    .                                        samuSao
                                             furceli
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word          125




    ganvixiloT eqselis gamoyenebis konkretuli ma-
galiTi. vTqvaT gvaqvs maswavleblis SefasebaTa
cxrili studentTa erTi jgufisaTvis

         maswavleblis SefasebaTa cxrili

                          testi- sabo- saSua-
        studenti testi-1
                          2      loo lo
          arabuli 18      15     17    16.67
          bebia     17    13     14    14.67
          gegiZe    15    16     19    16.67
          dvali     19    16     18    17.67
          eloSvili 16     13     16    15
          saS. qula 17    14.6   16.8
     igive cxrili qvemoT mocemulia rogorc eqse-
lis samuSao furceli. Sefasebebi mocemulia 20-ba-
liani sistemiT, TiToeuli studentisaTvis, iseve
rogorc mTlianad jgufisaTvis, gamoTvlilia saSua-
lo ariTmetikuli.
     eqselis samuSao furceli dayofilia striqone-
bad da svetebad. striqonebi danomrilia 1-dan 16384-
mde. svetebi moniSnulia laTinuri alfavitis asoe-
biT da maTi kombinaciebiT. moniSvna iwyeba A-dan Z-
mde; grZeldeba AA-dan AZ-mde; Semdeg BA-dan BZ-mde
da a.S. 256 svetamde. yovel ujras Tavisi unikaluri
misamarTi aqvs. magaliTad E3 ujra mdebareobs E
svetisa me-3 striqonis gadakveTaze. eqselis fur-
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word             126


celze EmiTiTebulia ujris saxeli (Name box) are-
Si. es imaze mianiSnebs, rom, amJamad aqtiuria E3 uj-
ra. misamarTSi jer iwereba svetis aRmniSvneli aso,




xolo Semdeg striqonis nomeri. aqtiuri ujris Sig-
Tavsi yovelTvis mosCans (moTavsebulia) formulis
areSi. aq Cawerili formuliT gamoTvlilia B3, C3
da D3 ujrebSi moTavsebuli ricxvebis saSualo
ariTmetikuli (Average). Tu specialurad ar davaye-
neT, aqtiur ujraSi yovelTvis moTavsebulia sidi-
de, gamoTvlis Sedegi. eqselis furcelze formulis
aris marcxena mxares moTavsebulia marTvis sami, Ri-
laki          operaciis gauqmeba (Cancel), Rilaki
Enter-is eqvivalenti da formulis sawyisi simbolo
tolobis niSani.
                    teqsturi redaqtori - Word                      127


    davazustoT ramdenime termini, romlebic moma-
valSi bevrjer Segvxvdeba: ujra - erTerTi centra-
luri terminia. igi aRniSnavs im ares, romelic mde-
bareobs striqonisa da svetis gadakveTis adgilas
da gankuTvnilia monacemebis (ricxviTi, simboluri)
Sesatanad da gaTvlebisaTvis saWiro formulis da-
safiqsireblad; ujris misamarTi1 is kategoriaa,
romlis gareSec ar xorcieldeba arcerTi mniSvne-
lovani manipulacia eqselSi; konstanta - es aris Ca-
naweri, ujris SigTavsi, sidide, romelic ar icvle-
ba; funqcia - winaswar gansazRvruli gaTvlebis mim-
devroba (algoriTmi). formula - kombinacia ricxvi-
Ti konstantisa, ujris misamarTisa, ariTmetikuli
operatorebisa da (an) funqciebisa, romelic gviCve-
nebs gaTvlebis Sedegs; samuSao furceli – sabu-
Raltro wignis erTi gverdis analogi, cxrili mona-
cemebiTa gaTvlebiT; samuSao wigni - samuSao fur-
clebis erToblioba, gaformebuli rogorc calkeu-
li faili; formulis paneli - are, sadac formula
sweria; saxelis ujra - are, sadac samuSao furclis
aqtiuri ujris misamarTi fiqsirdeba; statusis
striqoni - igi mdebareobs eqselis fanjris qveda
ganapira zolze, masze Cans warwera Ready; samuSao
furclebis cxrili - esazRvreba statusis striqons
(mis zemoT mdebareobs), warmoadgens samuSao fur-
clebis sias.




1   misamarTi zustad ver asaxavs inglisur eqvivalents- Reference
              teqsturi redaqtori - Word               128




      -4
rogor xdeba gadaadgileba eqselSi


          pasuxi:   nebismieri mimarTulebiT TiTo uj-
riT gadasvla xdeba kursoris gadaadgilebis isre-
biT, aseve RilakiT Enter (aq SeiZleba dayenebuli iq-
nas romeli mimarTulebiT iqnas gadasvla). gza: Tools
   Options    Edit    Move Selection After Enter. Tu mov-
niSnavT diapazons, maSin yovel Semdgom ujraSi ga-
dasvla moxdeba RilakiT Enter. SegiZliaT gamoiye-
noT agreTve Rilakebis kombinaciebi Shift+Enter da
Shift+Tab.
      samuSao furcelSi gadaadgileba xorcieldeba
RilakebiT Pg Up da Pg Down, amasTan erTad gamoiye-
neba horizontaluri da vertikaluri gadaxvevis (ga-
sacurebeli) saxazavebi.
      samuSao furclebs Soris gadasvla xdeba eqse-
lis fanjris qvemoT ganlagebuli calkeuli fur-
clis moniSvniT an gadasvlis isrebiT.
    Tu Tqven gindaT miTiTebul misamarTze gadaxvi-
deT, maSin imoqmedeT Semdegi TanmimdevrobiT: meniu
Edit     Go To (F5 an Ctrl+G)     CawerT misamarTs uj-
raSi Refference da Semdeg OK .


                             gadasvlis
                             fanjara
                             Go To
             teqsturi redaqtori - Word           129




    Tu gavaaqtiurebT Rilaks Special, maSin SeiZleba
gadavideT sasurvel, konkretul adgilas. mocemul
dialogur fanjaraSi konkretul adgilze gadasvla
ganpirobebulia sxvadasxva kriteriumebiT: saSedego
(formulian) ujraSi, komentarian, konstantis Sem-
cvel Tu sxva, sul 15 kriteriumia mocemuli da ki-
dev maT Soris 8 sxvadasxva arCevani. avirCevT ra
kriteriums Tu romel ujraSi gvinda gadavideT
vmoqmedebT OK Rilakze.
    garda zemoTaRniSnulisa samuSao furcelSi mu-
Saobisas SesaZlebelia gadavideT sxvadasxva adgi-
las klaviSebis Semdegi kombinaciiT:
  - striqonis dasawyisSi → Home
  - wignis dasawyisze → Ctrl + Home
  - wignis boloSi → Ctrl + End




                               spec. gadasvlis
                               fanjara




  - striqonis bolosken svla_ Ctrl + →
            teqsturi redaqtori - Word         130


   - Egadasvla samuSao wignebs Soris xorcieldeba
     Semdegi manipulaciebiT:
1. Tu wignis nawili Cans masze davafiqsirebT kur-
   sors;
2. meniudan Window, romelSiac yvela gaxsnili wig-
   nia dafiqsirebuli;
3. Rilakebis kombinaciiT _ Ctr+F6
                                                                 131
                               eqseli



           -5
ra daniSnuleba aqvs                  eqselis instrumente-
bis panels


       pasuxi: standartuli instrumentebis paneli
TiTqmis ar gansxvavdeba Word-is aseTive panelisagan.
amaSi davrwmundebiT qvemoT mocemuli ilustracii-
dan


                                            eqselis instrumen-
                                            tebis paneli


gansxvaveba ramdenime RilakSia. esenia avtomaturi

jamis     , funqciis  , diagramisa     da ruqis  .
Tumca SesaZlebelia am pultis gadawyoba operato-
ris moTxovnilebis mixedviT. gza pultis awyobisa
igivea, rac Word-Si: Tools   Customize    Commands
Categories (virCevT)    Commands (virCevT Rilaks18)
gadagvaqvs Rilaki (operacia Drag and Drope) pultze
saWiro adgilas. analogiurad SeiZleba daematos
punqti eqselis menius.




18
     yoveli Rilaki konkretul brZanebas Seesabameba
                                                  132
                      eqseli

             formatirebis instrumentebis paneli

     movitanoT formatirebis instrumentebis pane-
lic da amiT SemovifargloT, vinaidan danarCeni naC-
venebi iqneba konteqsturi moTxovnilebis mixedviT.
     am panelidan vordisagan gansxvavebuli Rilake-
bidan gamovyoT pirvel rigSi Rilaki Merge and Cen-
ter (ujraTa gaerTianeba da centrireba) , romelic
aucilebelia gansakuTrebiT teqstebTan muSaobis
dros, valiutis stilis (fuladi) misaniSnebeli Ri-
laki   , procentis     , ricxvis gamosaxvis formate-

bi     mZimis Semdeg TanrigTa gazrdisa da    Semci-
rebis Rilakebi. garda amisa CarCos formirebis sam-
saxuri, sadac SemoTavazebulia CarCos Semovlebis
sxvadasxva variatebi. mis gverdiT mdebareobs fonis
(tonis) Semvsebi Rilaki, romelic gvTavazobs sxva-
dasxva tons ujris ukana fonisaTvis.




    fonisa da simboloTa feris arCeva
                                                    133
                     eqseli

    momdevno Rilaki am rigSi warmoadgens ujris
SigTavsisaTvis (ricxvi, teqsti) ferebis miniWebis

samsaxurs
      -6
ra SesaZleblobebi gaaCnia daxmarebis samsa-
xurs eqselSi


       pasuxi: nebismieri cnobis miReba, calkeul
brZanebis daniSnulebis Tu romelime operaciis Ses-
rulebis Tanmimdevrobis garkveva, konteqsturi miTi-
Teba Tu rCevis moZieba ama Tu im saintereso sakiT-
xis Sesaxeb eqselSi Zalze gaadvilebulia. arsebobs
daxmarebis sxvadasxva samsaxuri. pirvel rigSi meni-
uSi moTavsebuli punqti Help, konteqsturi mopasuxe
kiTxvaze - ra aris es?   , romlis gamoyenebis wesi
aseTia: davaWerT mas mausiT ise, rom Tan wamogvyves.
Semdeg vafiqsirebT iq (romelime Rilakze, areze, me-
nius punqtze) sadac gvinda da Sedegad viRebT pa-
suxs fanjris saxiT, magaliTad aq mocemulia Rila




kis      daniSnulebis axsna gamotanili       -is mier
Zalze saintereso da uTuod mimzidvelia damxmareba
animaciuri gamosaxulebiT (Office Assistant), romelic
pasuxs iZleva konkretulad dasmul kiTxvaze, aqvs
Tematiuri Zebnis samsaxuri, da rac Cemis azriT yve-
laze mniSvnelovania iZleva rCevebs im sakiTxze, ro-
melzec konkretul momentSi muSaobT.
    Tu asistentis gamoyenebis reJims gamovTiSavT an
asistentis punqt Options-Si amovrTavT Respond to F1,
maSin pirdapir SevalT Help Topics - is fanjaraSi.


                          menius punqti
                          daxmareba eqselSi F1-i
                          sarCevi da terminebi
                          kiTxvaze pasuxi
                          cnobari qselis Ses.-b
                          wina versiebis ena
      Help – is fanjara



     -7
 rogor xdeba monacemTa Setana


       pasuxi: monacemebis qveS igulisxmebian teq-
sti da sidide. Tavis mxriv sidideSi Sedian: ricxvi,
formula, simboloTa striqoni da TariRi.




    eqselis furclis am fragmentSi mocemulia uj-
ris Sevsebis SesaZlebeli varianti (garda romelime
obieqtis Casmisa). pirvel ujraSi teqstia, meoreSi
ricxvi, romelic normalur (standartul) variantSi
ujris marcxena napirSi unda iyos ganTavsebuli.
Cven SemTxvevaSi vimyofebiT reJimSi "Formulas" (To-
ols/Options/View/Formulas) amitomac darRveulia wesi:
teqsti marcxniv, xolo ricxvi marjvniv. mesame uj-
raSi formulaa Setanili (sadac Cans formulis da-
weris elementaluri wesi- meore ujris SigTavsi
mravldeba 27-ze). meoTxe ujraSi simboloTa striqo-
nia, romelzec Taviseburi angariSebi warmoebs. mexu-
Te ujraSi Setanili gvaqvs TariRi im formatiT,
rogorc es Cans formulis panelidan. rogorc vxe-
davT mexuTe ujris SigTavsi aranairad ar eTanxmeba
TariRis warmodgenas. es imitom, rom eqseli gansa-
kuTrebulad angariSobs TariRs (igi calke ganxil-
vis sagania).
     ra unda gvaxsovdes teqstis Setanisas? yvelafe-
ri, rac ar aris sidide, aris teqsti rac ar unda
grZeli teqsti SevitanoT, is         mainc erT ujraSi
zis; grZeli teqstis Sesatanad:
     1.SeamcireT Srifti;
     2.gaafarToeT ujra ;
     ujris SigTavsis teqstad gardasaqmnelad masSi
CavbeWdoT simbolo ' - apostrofi.
     ricxvebis Setanis dros, xSirad saWiroa maTi
sxvadasxva formatiT warmodgena. qvemoT mocemulia
formatirebis panelze moTavsebuli 4 Rilakis
                 zemoqmedebis Sedegebi erTidaigive
ricxvze 45645.


    D ujraSi ricxvia, E-Si am ricxvis fuladi
formati, F-Si procentuli formati (100-ze gamrav-
lebuli), G ujraSi mZimis Semdeg erTi TanrigiT mo-
mateba, H-Si ki E ujris SigTavsis erTi aTobiTi
TanrigiT Semcirebuli varianti. axla vnaxoT ori
efeqti, roca didi ricxvi ar eteva ujraSi da ric-
xvis gardaqmna e.w. mcuravi mZimis formatSi. E2 uj-
raSi Cawerilia ricxvi romelic Cans formulis pa-
nelze. es ricxvi Caiwera e. w. Scientific formatSi
(mcuravi mZimiT). igi miaxloebiTi eqvivalentia didi
ricxvisa da ase iSifreba: 3*109. rac Seexeba me-




ore magaliTis E1 ujras, masSi Cawerili ricxvi
(466464) ujris Seviwroebis Semdeg aRar eteva ujra-
Si da amitom iRebs aseT formas. rogor viqceviT
aseT SemTxveveaSi? E-s marjvena CarCoze an Cavav-
lebT mausiT da gadavwevT marjvniv (gavafarToebT)
an imave adgilze orjer davaWerT, ris Sedegadac
ujra zustad moergeba mocemul ricxvs. saerTo rCe-
vis saxiT SevniSnavT, rom roca did ricxvTan gvaqvs
saqme an SevamciroT Srifti, an gavzardoT ujris
sigane.
    TariRisa da drois Setanis dros aucilebelia
gaTvaliswinebul iqnas eqselis formati, vinaidan:
   1. maTze warmoebs metad mniSnelovani gaTvlebi;
   2. svetSi xdeba TariRis mixedviT daxarisxeba;
   3. vipovoT yvela monacemi, romelTa TariRebi
       metia (naklebia) mocemulze;
   4. SevavsoT sveti monacemebiT, romlebic erTma-
      neTisagan gansxvavdebian magaliTad erTi kviriT.
      klaviaturis eqvivalenti mimdinare TariRisa
      da drois Sesatanad: Ctrl + ; an Ctrl + . .
       Rilakebis am kombinacias amjobineben TariRis
       funqcias: =NOW().
      arsebobs TariRisa da drois formatebi. gza
ujris SigTavsis formatirebisaken Semdegia: meniu/
Format/Cells/Number/Category (virCevT kategorias)/ Type
(virCevT tips)-amiT dazustebulia Tu ra formatSi
gvinda gamovsaxoT ricxvi / OK.
    Cven SemTxvevaSi ricxvis formatireba xdeba Ta-
riRis kategoriiT da im tipiT, romelic Cans ilus-
traciidan. aq motanili dialoguri fanjara gamova
meore gziT, kerZod / zemoqmedeba mausis marjvena
RilakiT amorCeul ujraze (R) 1, romelSiac moTav-
sebulia dasaformatebeli ricxvi /Format Cells/ da-
narCeni igive, rogorc aRiwera zemoT.




                 TariRis formatirebis magaliTi


       -8
    ras niSnavs ujraTa avtomaturi Sevseba


            pasuxi: eqselSi gansakuTrebuli mniSvne-
loba eniWeba ujridan ujraSi monacemTa ara marto
gadatanas, aramed garkveuli kanonzomierebis arse-
bobis dros, axali mniSvnelobebiT Sevsebas. avtoma-
turi Sevsebis es Tviseba dafuZnebulia pirveli uj-
ris (romlidanac xdeba gadatana, Sevseba) an pirveli

1
 momdevno TemebSi ase avRniSnavT marjvena RilakiT daWeras, xolo
marcxena RilakiT Semdegnairad → (L)L
ori ujris mniSvnelobaze. avtomaturi Sevseba xor-
cieldeba e.w. Sevsebis markeris (fill handle) meSveobiT.
markeri am dros iRebs + niSnis saxes. garkveuli ka-
nonzomierebis arsebobis dros Sevseba warmoebs ope-
raciiT - Drag and Drop (Caavle, gadaitane da gauSvi).
arsebobs wesi, romliTac SeiZleba aikrZalos (an
dainiSnos) am operaciis Sesruleba: meniu / To-
ols/Options /Edit/ aq movniSnavT an gavauqmebT moniSvnas
sakontrolo ujraSi - Allow Cell Drag and Drop/ OK.
      pirobebi, romlebis drosac azri aqvs Sevsebis
operaciis ganxorcielebas Semdegia:
    1. ricxvTa (an ricxvis Semcveli) garkveuli
mwkrivis generireba. es operacia xorcieldeba ric-
xviTi nawilis inkrementis (nazrdis) saSualebiT.
umartives SemTxvevaSi es SeiZleba iyos maTematiku-
ri an geometriuli progresia. roca vambobT ujris
iseT SigTavsze, rogoricaa "ricxvis Semcveli",
mxedvelobaSi gvaqvs nebismieri simboloebi (maT So-
ris, ra Tqma unda, teqsti) zrdad an klebadi Tanmim-
devrobis ricxvebTan erTad. magaliTad "1 kvira, 2
kvira . . I kvartali II kvartali da a.S.
    2. gamoTvlili formulis gavrceleba sxva zona-
ze (diapazonze);
    3. xSiradgamoyenebadi, winaswar Sedgenili nebis-
mieri siis swrafi generireba.


      -9
rogor xorcieldeba siebTan muSaoba


        pasuxi: erTidaigive siis Setanisas Zalian
moxerxebulia gvqondes avtomturi Setanis meqanizmi.
eqseli iZleva amis saSualebas, Tu sias SevitanT e.w.
momxmareblis siis (Custom List) kategoriaSi. am ope-
raciis gansorcieleba iwyeba gziT: meniu /Tools/ Opti-
ons/Custom List/zonaSi List entries Caiwereba sia /Add /
OK . warmodgenil dialogur fanjaraSi marcxena
mxares areSi Custom List Setanilia is siebi, romle-
bic ukve eqvemdebarebian avtomatur Setanas.




    axali sia Caiwereba areSi List Entries.
     amave dialoguri fanjris saSualebiT SesaZle-
belia eqselis furcelze arsebuli romelime siis
importireba.


     ujraSi Insert List from cells unda mieTiTos siiT
dakavebuli ujrebis misamarTi (ujraTa rangi), ise
rogorc magaliTSia $A$4: $A$131. imis Semdeg, rac sia
Setanilia, SeiZleba misi Semowmeba. amisaTvis siidan
nebismier erT wevrs CavbeWdavT romelime ujraSi da
Semdeg zemoTaRwerili avtoSevsebis wesiT unda mi-
RoT mTeli sia.
     ujrebis SigTavsis aslebisaTvis sxvadasxva mxa-
res arsebobs Semdegi gza: meniu /Edit/Fill da Semdeg
aqve mocemuli qvemenius mixedviT /.


                                 ujris
                                 SigTavsi
                                 s
                                 aslebis
                                 gadatana
1
 dolaris niSani ujris misamarTSi miuTiTebs maT absolutur
misamarTze, romelic axsnili iqneba qvemoT.
    Down - zeda ujrebidan akeTebs aslis gadaRebas
qveda ujraSi ; Right - marcxnidan marjvniv akeTebs
aslis gadaRebas; Up - qveda ujrebidan zemoT; Left -
marjvnidan marcxniv; Across Worksheets - moniSnul
furclebSi erTdroulad svams monacemebs (maT as-
lebs) konkretuli ujrebidan; Series – monacemTa Tan-
mimdevrobas Casvams moniSnul rangSi, ise rom mona-
cemebis Setana iwyeba pirevli ujridan. Justify - teq-
stis gasasworeblad gamoiyeneba.
    eqseli iZleva SesaZleblobas avtomaturad da-
asrulos siis obieqtis saxelebi (Autocomplet) da




                  sistema Autocomplet
Seitanos siidan gameorebadi saxelebi (Pick From
List). magaliTi gviCvenebs /sur 7.11/, rom rogorc ki
daviwyeT aso U-s CabeWdva eqseli gvTavazobs aso U-
Ti dawyebul obieqtis damTavrebul variants, Tu
Cven mxedvelobaSi gvqonda marTla es obieqti, maSin
davTanmxdebiT, davaWerT Enter-s da gadavalT sxva
ujraze, Tu ara, gavagrZelebT beWdvas. gamovyoT aR-
werili samsaxuris ramdenime Tavisebureba:
   1. eqselis es Tviseba vrceldeba mxolod erT uj-
      raze;
   2. carieli ujra ar unda iyos aqtiursa da sias
      Soris;
   3. gankuTvnilia mxolod teqsturi informacii-
      saTvis;
   4. Tu gvinda gamovrToT es samsaxuri, isargeb-
      leT Semdegi gziT: meniu /Tools/Options/Edit/ gavan-
     Tavisuflod sakontrolo ujra – Enable Auto-
     complete for Cell Values.
      es iyo demonstracia samsaxurisa Autocomplet.
axla vnaxoT Pick From List-i.
     es samsaxuri gansakuTrebiT mosaxerxebelia ma-
Sin, roca Sesadgen siaSi gvxdeba didZali gameorebe-
bi.
     magaliTi gviCvenebs Semdeg moqmedebaTa Sedegs:
axal ujraSi (carielia) sanam daviwyebdeT CabeWdvas
mausis marjvena RilakiT davaWerT. gamosuli kon-
teqsturi meniudan virCevT Pick From List (amoirCie
siidan), Sedegad viRebT warmodgenil suraTs




     (marjvniv warmodgenili sia), sadac eqseli
gvTavazobs adre Setanili obieqtebis sias. Tu gvin-
da, SegviZlia amovirCioT da xelmeored Seitaneba es
obieqti.


     - 10
ujraTa amorCevis ra xerxebi arsebobs


         pasuxi: ujraTa raime diapazonis magaliTad
B5: D25 gamoyofisaTvis sruldeba Semdegi moqmedebe-
bi:
    1. gamoiyofa B5 / Shift / gamoiyofa D25;
   2. meore xerxiT amave diapazonis gamosayofad ma
      usis daWerili marcxena RilakiT gavacurebT
      D25-mde;
   3. Edit /Go To (F5 an Ctrl+G)/ SevitanT diapazons,
      romlis gamoyofac gvinda;
   4. klaviaturiT avirCevT marcxena zeda kuTxis uj-
      ras da vaWerT qveda marjvena ganapira ujras;
   5. mTliani striqonis an svetis gamosayofad (L).
      → saTaurze (A,B . . an 12, 25 . .)
   6. cxrilis Sevsebuli nawilis gamosayofad (aqti-
      ur ujris garSemo) /Ctrl + Shift +*
      Tu ramdenime furclidan gvinda gamoyofa, maga-
liTad Sheet1 ! A5:F15/Shift daWeril mdgomareobaSi
/virCevT jgufidan bolo furcels, magaliTad Sheet4
( (L).
      jgufis amorCevisas saTaurSi gaCndeba warwera
Group. es niSnavs imas, rom am dros erTidaigive dia-
pazoni gamoyofilia ramdenime furcelze.
      gamoyofa brZanebiT Edit/Go To

                                       gadasvlis
                                       fanjara
                                       Go To
    ujraSi Reference mieTiTeba




diapazoni, sadac gvinda gadavideT. Tu konkretul
adgilas gvinda gadavideT, maSin amave dialogur
fanjaraze vaaqtiurebT Special Rilaks, romlis Sesa-
bamis fanjara motanilia qvemoT.




                                     specialuri
                                     gadasvlis
    aq bevri specifiuri adgili da elementia miTi-
Tebuli da yvelas CamoTvlas moveridebiT. gadasvla
xorcieldeba im ujrebSi sadac komentarebia, kon-
stantebia, formulebi da sxva.


          - 11
    rogor xdeba gadatana da aslis miReba


        pasuxi: am operaciebis Sesrulebis dros
gansakuTrebuli roli mausiT Sesrulebul operaci-
as "Cavleba-gacureba-gaSveba" (Drag and Drop)1. gada-
tanis operacia xorcieldeba swored am ukanaskneli
moqmedebiT. ujris SigTavsis sxva adgilze aslis ga-
daRebisaTvis vasrulebT Semdeg moqmedebebs: Ctrl +
"D & D ".
     aRwerili operaciebis Sesrulebis meore gza
dafuZnebulia menius an pultze moTavsebuli Rila-
kebis gamoyenebaze. igive operaciebis Sesruleba gaT-
valiswinebulia agreTve klaviaturis Rilakebis kom-
binaciaTa meSveobiT. qvemoT gTavazobT yvela am ope-
raciaTa variantebs:

1
    mosaxerxebelia Tu am operacias aRvniSnavT - "D & D"
1. gadatana meniuTi: /movniSnavT gadasatans/me-
  niu/Cut/gadavalT im adgilas, sadac gadagvaqvs/
  meniu/Edit/Paste;
2. gadatana pultidan: /moiniSneba gadasatani
 /    /Casmis adgilas/   ;
3. aslis miReba meniudan: /moiniSneba is ujra
  romlis SigTavsis aslis miReba gvinda. me-
  niu/Edit/Copy/aslis miRebis adgili / meniu Edit /
  Paste;
4. aslis miReba pultidan: /ujris moniSvna/
      /gadasvla sxvagan/    ;
5. konteqsturi meniudan iperaciebis Sesruleba:
   Mausis marjvena RilakiT zemoqmedeba ujraze,
   romelzec sruldeba operaciebi /meniudan pirve-
   li sami operacia cnobilia (Cut, Copy, Paste) sa-
   xiT. momdevno operaciaa: Paste Special.




            specialuri Casmis fanjara
igi gankuTvnilia im obieqtebis formatiT Casasme-
lad romlebic CamoTvlilia ujraSi As. aq gansa-
kuTrebiT aRsaniSnavia ramdenime reJimi:
  Fa) Paste Link - Casma, rogorc dakavSirebuli
 obieqtisa;
    b) Display as icon rogorc gamosaxulebis
       Casma.
     es ukanaskneli gamoiyeneba maSin, roca ar gvinda
obieqti dakavSirebuli iyos im programasTan sadac
igi iyo Seqmnili.
      konteqsturi menius Semdegi punqti Insert Casvams
moniSnul adgilas :
   • Shift cells right - marjvniv daZravs ujrebis Sig-
      Tavss;
   • Shift cells down - qvemoT daZravs ujrebis Sig-
      Tavss;
   • Entire row - Casvams mTlian striqons;
   • Entire column - mTliani svetis Casma moniSnul
      adgilas.
      zustad wina dialoguri fanjris analogia kon-
teqsturi menius punqtis Delete-is Sesabamisi fanjara,
sadac igive elementebi Casmis magier, waiSlebian.
      konteqsturi menius momdevno punqti Clear Con-
tents - SigTavsisgan gasufTaveba, waSlis ujraSi mde-
bar informacias.
      xSirad saWiroa romelime ujris misamarTiT ga-
keTdes garkveuli saxis SeniSvnebi, komentarebi. eqse-
li iZleva amis saSualebas brZanebiT - Insert Com-

ment   . am brZanebis gaaqtiurebisSedegad gamoCndeba
are SeniSvnis Sesatanad .


                               komentaris

                               Casmis
                               magaliTi


     aseTi komentarebi sasargebloa garkveuli gaT-
vlebis mizanSewonilobisa da daniSnulebis xazga-
sasmelad. garkveuli reJimis dayenebis Semdeg, SesaZ-
lebelia furcelze Candes, rogorc indikatori (uj-
ris kuTxeSi patara samkuTxedi), ise TviT komentari.
gza aseTi reJimis dayenebisaTvisSemdegia: meniu/To-
ols/Options/View/ moniSneT reJimi Comment & Indicator.




             ujris SigTavsis formatireba
     menius momdevno punqti exeba ujris SigTavsis
formatirebas. winamdebare ilustraciaze Cven vxe-
davT 6 CanarTs. aqtiuri CanarTi Number ricxvebis
sxvadasxva formatiT warmosadgenad gamoiyeneba. aq
vxedavT zogad, ricxviT, fulad, saaRricxvo da Ta-
riRis formatebs. formatirebis sxva punqtebi gan-
kuTvnilia ujraSi informaciis ganlagebisaTvis
(gasworeba) - Alignment, Sriftebis asarCevad - Font,
gare CarCos Semosavleblad - Border, fonisaTvis -
Patern da wignis dasacavad - Protection. da bolos
konteqsturi menius punqti Pick From List emsaxu-

                     gadatanil iqnas aq
                     aslis miReba (SigTavsis)
                     mxolod sidideTa asli
                     mxolod formatis asli
                     dakavSirebul iqnas
                     Seqmeni hiperkavSiri
                     aslis miReba qvemoT
                     aslis miReba marjniv
                     daZvra qvemoT gadataniT
                     daZvra marjvniv gadataniT
                    gadatanil iqnas aq
                    aslis miReba (SigTavsis)
                    mxolod sidideTa asli
                    mxolod formatis asli
                    dakavSirebul iqnas
                    Seqmeni hiperkavSiri
                    aslis miReba qvemoT
                    aslis miReba marjniv
                    daZvra qvemoT gadataniT
                    daZvra marjvniv gadataniT
                     operaciis ugulvebelyofa
reba ujraTa Sevsebis gaadvilebas, siidan axali pun-
qtis swrafad arCevas, romelic ganxiluli gvaqvs
zemoT, roca vixilavdiT ujraTa Sevsebis sakiTxs.
gansakuTrebuli adgili ujraTa Sevsebasa da saer-
Tod monacemebze ganxorcielebuli operaciebSi uka-
via mausis marjvena RilakiT gadatanis dros formi-
rebul konteqstur menius, romlis calkeuli brZane-
bebi (punqtebi) axsnilia zemoT.



      - 12
ras niSnavs monacemebis danergva da

dakavSireba


         pasuxi: saerTod ofisis gamoyenebiT progra-
mebSi da kerZod eqselSi mniSvnelovani adgili uka-
via e.w. OLE (Object Linked and Embeded) - dakavSire-
bul da danergil obieqtebs. gansxvaveba Casmul da
danergil obieqts Soris is aris, rom danergili
obieqtis redaqtireba SesaZlebelia igive programa-
Si, sadac mdebareobda es ukanaskneli da sadac
SesaZlebelia ukan dabruneba. aseTi obieqtis Seqmnis
gza Semdeg moqmedebaTa TanmimdevrobiT aRiwereba:
   1. gamovyoT sawyisi monacemebi, romlebic gindaT
     danergoT miznobriv programaSi;
   2. meniu /Edit/Copy;
   3. airCieT adgili, sadac gsurT CadoT daner-
     goT);
   4. meniu /Edit/Paste Special miznobriv programaSi da
     Semdeg Paste;
   5. airCieT As siis erTi elementi, magaliTad:
      Microsoft Word Document Object, rogorc suraTi-
     dan sCans. Cveni magaliTiT arCeuli obieqtis
     SemTxvevaSi, roca gvinda redaqtireba gavakeToT
     danergil obieqtSi, obieqtze orjer daWeriT
     vbrundebiT vordSi da vakeTebT aucilebel Ses-
     worebebs.




    dakavSirebuli obieqtebis formirebisaTvis ze-
moTmoyvanili gzis meoTxe punqtSi nacvlad brZane-
bisa Paste Special, virCevT Paste Link-s. danarCeni
procedura erTnairia.



       - 13
rogor xdeba diapazonze saxelebis miniWeba


          pasuxi: diapazonis qveS igulisxmeva eqse-
lis furclis garkveuli are, magaliTad B4 : J15.
saerTod saxelis miniWeba kerZo SemTxvevaSi erT
ujrazedac xdeba. pirvel rigSi amis aucilebloba
gamowveulia im garemoebiT, rom didi moculobis
eqselis furclebis SemTxvevaSi arsebobs realuri
saSiSroeba monacemebisa da formulebis dakargvisa.
meores mxriv saxelebis miniWeba TvalsaCinosa da
moxerxebuls xdis mTel process. diapazons vani-
WebT Cvens mier mogonil saxels da nacvlad misa-
marTisa formulebSi dafiqsirdeba saxeli. magali-
Tad formulaSi= SUM(MyData), sadac MyData realu-
rad warmoadgens romelime ares, dipazons magali-
Tad, B4 : J15. aseve sxva mocemul samosamsaxuro
diapazons movixseniebT ara realuri misamarTiT,
aramed saxeliT. ase magaliTad, brZanebaSi Go To
mivuTiTebT MyData-s. saxelis miniWeba SeiZleba eq-
selis calkeuli furclisadmi. amisaTvis saWiroa
orjer MausiT zemoqmedeba mocemul furcelze da
mere SevitanoT Cveni saxeli.
     rogor mivaniWoT saxeli diapazons? isargebleT
Semdegi gziT: /gamoyaviT diapazoni/ meniu
Insert/Name/Define/SeitaneT saxeli/Add/OK.
     saxelis gamoyofis meore meTodi mdgomareobs
SemdegSi: gamovyofT diapazons da CavbeWdavT saxels
uSualod saxelis ujraSi. gansxvavebiT ujris an
diapazonis Cveulebrivi saxelisagan anu misamarTisa-
gan, mag.: G12 an F2 : J15, saxeldebuli areebi ufro
TvalsaCinos da Sinaarsians xdis formulebs. maga-
liTad, formula :
     = SUM(Sheet2!B1:S 52)*Sheet1!B10 arafers ar gviCve-
nebs, araviTari Sinaarsis matarebeli ar aris. roca
formula: =SUM (Budget Total1997) * Inflation ukve azrs
iZens.
     Zalze moxerxebuli da praqtikulia Seiqmnas sa-
xelebis sia. imisaTvis, rom Seiqmnas furclis saxe-
lebis sia, am furcelze ujrebs an diapazonebs mini-
Webuli unda qondeT saxelebi. saxelebis siis Seq-
mnis gza: meniu /Insert/Name/Paste .




               saxelis Casmis magaliTi
     Tu aseTi dialoguri fanjara ar gamovida, e.i.
arc erTi saxeli ar aris gansazRvruli am furcel-
ze. alternatiuli gza aseTi dialoguri fanjris
gamoyvanisa aris Rilaki F3. Sedegad gamodis yvela
saxeli, romlebic am furcelSi gaqvT Setanili, vi-
RebT zusatad igive dilogur fanjaras. amis Semdeg
nebismieri saxelis Casasmelad sadme (magaliTad
formulaSi an sxvagan) irCevT mas da OK. magaliTad
formulis panelze ase gamoiyureba siidan Casmuli
saxelebi:
                           .




       - 14
 rogor xorcieldeba formulebis
realizacia


          pasuxi: formulis Semadgeneli nawilebia:
   1. mniSvneloba - sidide /ricxvi 114.8 an "Hello"
     (simboloTa striqoni);
   2. ujris misamarTi /B10, A5:B13, Sheet2!B15, ujris
     saxeli (Incom);
   3. funqcia SUM, AVERAGE, PMT, SUMIF, COUNT1da
     a.S.
   4. operaciaTa simboloebi: +, -, =, * , /, ^, OR,
     AND, . . . .
   5. frCxilebi ()-gamoTvlaTa Tanmimdevrobis (prio-
     ritetebis) Sesacvlelad (dasazusteblad):
      =(A15+B3)*7
     formulis Caweris magaliTebi ukve araerTi
gvqonda motanili da Semdegac iqneba. formulis Ca-
weris zogad wesze mxolod aRvniSnavT: igi aucileb-
lad iwyeba = niSniT da SeiZleba iyos monacemebisa
(sidideebisa) da operaciaTa simboloebis ubralo
gaerTianeba an Seicavdes erTs an met funqcias.
     formula iwereba nebismier ujraSi an uSualod
formulis panelze. formulis Setanis Semdeg unda
daeWiros an Enter-s an Rilaks     an nebismier sxva
adgilas. Sedegad, Tu formula koreqtulad iyo Se-
tanili, ujraSi, sadac formula SevitaneT dafiq-
sirdeba angariSis Sedegi. rac Seexeba TviT formu-
las, igi yovelTvis Cans formulis panelze (ra Tqma
unda Tu Sesabamisi ujra gaaqtiurebulia). zogjer
saWiroa, rom saSedego2 ujrebSi gamoCndes formule-
bi. eqseli iTvaliswinebs am moTxovnas. misi reali-

1
    funqciaTa daniSnulebebi aixsneba momdevno masalaSi
2
    ase vuwodebT ujras, romelSiac Caiwera formula
zacia Semdegi gziT xdeba: meniu/ Tools/Options/General/
unda moiniSnos reJimi Formulas.
      qvemoT mocemulia im SecdeomaTa kodebi, rom-
lebsac SeiZleba adgili hqondes gaangariSebebisas :
   Secdoma
    kodi                       mizezi

                 sveti Zalze viwroa, ricxvi ar eteva
              a)gaafarToeT sveti an b) mausis marcxena
   #####
              Rilakis ormagi daWeriT imoqmedeT svetis
                              sazRvarze
  #DIV/0!.      nulze gayofa (cariel ujraze gayofa)
              dauSvebeli ricxviTi mniSvneloba (sidide)
    #N/A
              formulaSi miTiTebulia eqselisaTvis uc-
  #NAME?
                             nobi saxeli
               formulaSi gamoyenebulia arakoreqtuli
   #NUM!      ricxvi. mag.: funqciaSi RANDBETWEEN
              meore argumenti roca pirvelze naklebia
               iseTi ujraa miTiTebuli, romelic Tqven
   #REF!       an gadaadgileT an mis adgilas sxva Cas-
                                 viT
              formula Seicavs arakoreqtul operacias
  #VALUE      an arguments (SesaZlebelia Tqven kribavT
     !           teqstur da ricxviT mniSvnelobebs)

  • formulaSi, misi ufro meti gamomsaxvelobis mi-
    saRwevad iyeneben:
   a)frCxilebs:=(Sheet2 !C15*D25)+(A25-A30-A35)
   b)intervalebs:= Sheet2!C15*D25 + A25-A30-A35
  • grZeli formula, moTavsebuli erT ujraSi, Se-
    iZleba gaiyos ramdenime striqonad:
     = Sheet2!C15*D25+ A25-A30-A35
   • amisaTvis isargebleT Rilakebis kombinaciiT:
     Alt+Enter
   • formula SesaZlebelia ganTavsdes ramdenime
     ujraSi:
      ujra A1:= Sheet2!C15*D25
      ujra A2:=A2-A3-A35
      ujra A3:=A1+A3
   • Tu gvinda ramdenime diapazonze gavrceldes
     formula, maSin maT gamovyofT mZimeebiT:
      =SUM(B5:D9,F5:H9,I19,3.14) aq jamdeba 2 dia-
    pazoni, I19 ujra da ricxvi 3.14
   • formulaSi CairTveba samganzomilebiani diapa-
     zonic (ramdenime mimdevrobiTi furceli)
      = SUM(Sheet1:Sheet3!A1:B3) es formula pirveli-
     dan mesame furclis CaTvliT SeajamebsUMdiapa-
     zons A1:B3
   • SeiZleba ujraTa misamarTebi, nacvlad maTi Cve-
     ulebrivi misamarTebisa, aRvweroT bunebrivi
     eniT (Natural Language Formulas)- Sesabamisi stri-
     qonisa da svetis saTaurTa gadakveTebiT: ro-
     gorc formulis panelidan Cans ikribeba jan Uti-
     lities da feb Utilities.




 E Tu gvinda avkrZaloT aseTi damisamarTeba unda
SevasruloT Semdegi moqmedebebi:
meniu/Tools/options/Calculations/ gavauqmoT moniSvna sa-
kontrolo ujraSi Accept Labels in formulas.


     gaumjobesebuli SefasebaTa cxrili
    am cxrilis pirveli varianti ganxilulia parag-
rafSi " ra aris samuSao furceli (Spreadsheet)".
qvemoT mocemuli cxrili pirvelTan SedarebiT uf-
ro srulyofilia. aq damatebuli aqvs formatirebis
sxvadasxva elementebi, Semotanilia Sefasebis koefi-
cientebi procentebSi, ricxvebi (saSualo) warmodge-
nili arian sxva formatiT (erTi aTobiTi niSani mZi-
mis Semdeg), Semotanilia ujraTa e.w. absoluturi mi-
samarTebi. am cxrilis magaliTze qvemoT mocemulia
eqselSi formulis aslis miRebis operaciis axsna.




         gaumjobesebuli SefasebaTa cxrili
           - 15
     rogor miiReba formulebis asli


        pasuxi: aslis miRebis operacia dublirebas
ukeTebs ujris an rangis SigTavss sxva adgilas. es
operacia aadvilebs gaTvlis procesebs. kerZod, er-
Tsa da imave formuliT saangariSo areebis SemTxve-
vaSi, formulis dawera mxolod erTxel gvWirdeba,
mere ki aslis miRebis operaciiT xorcieldeba avto-
maturi gaTvlebi. aRsaniSnavia is, rom SefardebiTi
misamarTebis1 SemTxvevaSi sruli aslis miReba ar ga-
modis. eqseli aslis miRebis dros TviTon scvlis
SefardebiT misamarTebs SesatyvisiT. absoluturi
misamarTebis gadatana ucvlelad xorcieldeba.




      eqselis furclidan gadmotanil am fragmentSi
dolaris niSniT mocemuli misamarTebi absoluturi
misamarTebia. aslis miRebis dros es misamarTebi ar
icvlebian, maSin rodesac formulis aslis miRebi-
sas eqseli avtomaturad cvlis ujraTa (diapazonTa)
SefardebiT misamarTebs. angariSi Catarebulia (Seta-
nilia formula) E1 ujraSi, Semdeg ki fomulis as-
lia miRebuli qveda ujrebSi. aslis miRebis opera-
cia identuria ujraTa avtomaturi Sevsebis operaci-
isa.
     rogorc ilustraciidan Cans, dawyebuli meore
striqonidan, Secvlilia ujraTa misamarTebi Sesaba-
1
    axsnili iqneba qvemoT
misi striqonis mixedviT. garda absoluturi da Se-
fardebiTi misamarTebisa arsebobs kombinirebuli mi-
samarTebi, sadac striqonis an svetis aRmniSvnel
simbolos miwerili aqvs dolaris niSani, rac imaze
miuTiTebs, rom erTerTis misamarTi ar icvleba. ase-
Ti SemTxvevasTan gvaqvs saqme, roca erTi striqonis
an svetis yvela wevri monawileobs raime gaTvlebSi.
     rogor SevitanoT formulaSi ujris misamarTi
sxvadasxva formiT? formulaSi ujris mosamarTis
Setana xdeba am ujraze Mausis marcxena Rilakis ze-
moqmedebiT. am dros ujris misamarTi standartulad
Sedis SefardebiTi masamarTiT (dolaris niSnis ga-
reSe). Tu gvinda Setanis forma gamovcvaloT, vaWerT
F4 Rilaks. yoveli axali daWerisas ujris misamarTi
icvleba Semdegi TanmimdevrobiT: 1-absoluturi, 2-
kombinirebuli, 3-kombinirebuli (Sebrunebuli kombi-
naciiT) , 4-SefardebiTi. rogorc fragmentidan Cans
sawyis momentSi D5 ujris misamarTi SefardebiTia
Semdeg ki naCvenebia misi misamarTis saxecvlilebebi
F4 Rilakze daWeris Sesabamisad.



                     1
                     2
                     3
                     4



L       - 16
    rogor xorcieldeba gadatanis operacia


       pasuxi: operacia iTvaliswinebs erTi ujris
an rangis (diapazonis) SigTavsis sxva ujraSi (diapa-
zonSi gadatanas. gadatanis Semdeg sawyisi ujra ca-
rieldeba. gadatanis operaciaTa variantebi naCvene-
bia magaliTebSi .
  # gadatanamde         gadatanis Semdeg
  1




  2




  3




  4




  5




  6




      E gadatanis operaciis variantebi
  1. aq gadatanil iqna formula, Cawerili A3 ujra-
     Si. igi gadatanilia C3 ujraSi. rogorc vxe-
     davT, formula ucvleli darCa. A3 ujra gaca-
     rielda.
  2. A1 ujris SigTavsi gadatanilia C1-Si. vxedavT,
     rogor icvleba formula masSi Semavali rome-
     lime ujris mniSvnelobis gadatanasTan erTad.
  3. mocemul SemTxvevaSi samive ujris gadatana
     xdeba. formulaSi zustdeba axali adgilis mi-
     samarTebi.
  4. am magaliTSi Semotanilia damatebiTi formula
     B1 ujraSi. A3 ujris SigTavsis gadatana C3-Si
     iwvevs B2 ujris formulaSi misamarTis dazus-
     tebas (Secvlas).
  5. mocemuli gvaqvs formulebi absoluturi misa-
     marTebiT.
  6.gadatanis Semdeg, vxedavT, rom icvleba absolu-
     turi misamarTebi. cvlileba gamowveulia for-
     mulaSi Semaval sidideTa misamarTebis cvlile-
     biT.




       - 17
SeiZleba Tu ara diapazonis swrafi Sefaseba


        pasuxi: SesaZlebelia da es aris eqselis
fanjris erTerTi mniSvnelovani maxasiaTebeli, ro-
melic Zalze sasargeblo samsaxurs gviwevs. misi
wyalobiT momentalurad SegviZlia SevxedoT da Se-
vafasoT diapazonSi monacemebi. vipovoT magaliTad,
maqsimaluri an minimaluri mniSvneloba, ujraTa Sig-
Tavsebis jami an saSualo ariTmetikuli mniSvnelo-
ba, Sevsebuli ujrebis ricxvi da maT Soris ricxvi-
                        Ti mniSvnelobebiT Sevsebu-
                        lis. eqselis es samsaxuri mo-
                        Tavsebulia statusis xazze.
                        misi gamoyeneba Zalze advi-
                        lia. movniSnoT is areali
                        (diapazoni) monacemebisa, ro-
                        melSiac gvaiteresebs zemox-
                        senebuli maxasiaTeblebi. mo-
                        niSvnis damTavrebisTanave
                        statusis xazze gamoCndeba Se-
degi im operaciisa romelic aris moniSnuli konkre-
tul SemTxvevaSi ilustraciidan Cans gaxsnili vari-
anti SemoTavazebuli operaciebisa. misi gaxsna xdeba
statusis xazis zonaSi (magaliTad sadac Sedegi we-
ria) mausis marjvena Rilakze daWeriT. Cven SegviZ-
lia nebismieri operacia amovirCioT da movniSnoT.
es imas niSnavs, rom gamoTvlis ubanSi iqneba Tqveni
arCeuli operaciis Sedegi.
magaliTSi moniSnuli diapazonis maqsiumi (maqsimumi
imitom, rom moniSnulia MAX) gamotanilia Sedegis
adgilas.


      - 18
 rogor viyenebT formulis Sevsebis
samsaxurs


        pasuxi: formulis SevsebaSi didi samsaxuris
gaweva SeuZliaMformulis panelis gverdiT mdebare
Rilaks          tolobis niSniT, romlis saxelia
Edit Formula (formulis redaqtori). gansakuTrebuli
mniSvneloba am samsaxurs eniWeba, roca formulaSi
gamosayenebelia funqcia (funqciebi). vTqvaT romeli-
me ujraSi saWiroa formulis Cawera. jer vaaqtiu-
rebT formulis ujras da Semdeg vaWerT xsenebul
Rilaks. Sedegad viRebT suraTs:



       amis Semdeg, funqciis CasarTvelad formula-
Si, vaaqtiurebT siis gaxsis Rilaks (        -is gver-
diT).




    gaixsneba xSiradgamoyenebadi funqciebis sia (ax-
lo warsulSi gaxsnili): Semdeg etapze virCevT fun-
qcias. amiT mas vsvamT formulaSi Tavis adgilze.
Tu saWiroa vsvamT meore funqcias da a. S. SeiZleba
TqvenTvis saWiro funqcia ar aRmoCndes am siaSi ma-
Sin vaaqtiurebT More Functions... Sedegad miviRebT e.
w. funqciebis Camsmels (Past Function), romelic nabi-
nabij gvavsebinebs arCeul funqcias monacemebiT da
gvaZlevs Sedegs. am bolo moqmedebis Sedegi zustad
igivea, rac marTvis pultidan Rilakis        gaaqtiu-
reba. am Rilakis saxelic Past Function aris. ilus-
trirebuli dialoguri fanjara Seicavs informaci-
as funqciis daniSnulebis Sesaxeb. aqve Tqven xedavT
damxmares - Office Assistent, romelic mocemul momen-
tSi gvTavazobs alternatiul daxmarebas: mocemuli
konkretuli elementis Tu sxva ramis Sesaxeb.


                                funqciis
                                amorCevis
                                magaliTi
    kategoriis ujridan amorCeuli Sesabamisi fun-
qciebi mocemulia mezobel ujraSi: Function Name.
avirCevT ra funqcias, vaWerT OK da Sedegad axal
dialogur fanjaras viRebT:




    fanjris mxolod nawils vxedavT, magram aqeda-
nac Cans ZiriTadi monacemebi, kerZod funqciis saxe-
li Average (saSualo ariTmetikuli), saangariSo dia-
pazoni D3:D5, romelsac vuTiTebT Cven (SeiZleba
pirdapir CaweriT da aseve diapazonis an calkeuli
ujrebis moniSvniT), TviTon operandebi da gamoT-
vlis Sedegi - = 145. Rilakze OK daWeris Semdeg mo-
niSnul ujraSi (rezultatis), an formulaSi Caiwe-
reba gamoTvlis Sedegi. qvemoT ilustrirebulia
asistentis samsaxuris mier SemoTavazebuli infor-
macia formulis Semadgenlobis Sesaxeb, romelsac
qarTul teqsts vurTavT:

                       ujris misamarTi
                       ricxviTi konstanta
                       funqcia - Sejameba

                       diapazonis misamarTi

                       gayofis operatori

                       jamis operatori - +
       - 19
 rogor xorcieldeba gamoTvlebi brZanebiT
Paste Special


         pasuxi: Tu monacemebs movaTavsebT buferSi1
(brZaneba Edit/Copy), SesaZlebelia ricxvebis Setanas-
Tan erTad movaxdinoT aucilebeli gaTvlebi Tu ga-
moviyenebT brZanebas Past Special (Edit / Past Special).
      xSirad saWiroa Setanili monacemebi (yvela er-
Tdroulad) gavzardoT ramdenime procentiT, maga-
liTad wliuri 4% imflaciis tempis gaTvaliswine-
biT. am operaciis Sesruleba xdeba qvemoT miTiTe-
bul moqmedebaTa Tanmimdevruli SesrulebiT:
   1. eqselis cariel ujraSi SeitaneT konstanta 1.04
      da moniSneT. es ujra droebiTia da Semdeg SeiZ-
      leba waiSalos;
   2. meniu /Edit/Copy - amiT ujris SigTavsi CavdeT
      buferSi;
   3. gamovyoT diapazoni im ujrebisa, romelTa Sig-
      Tavsebi moiTxoven gazrdas, magaliTad C2:D4;
   4. meniu / Edit / Paste Speciale / Multiply;
   5. OK.
      moyvanil dialogur fanjaraSi moiniSneba reJi-
mi Non, roca gamoTvlis operacia ar xorcieldeba.
am dros axali monacemebi Caenacvlebian Zvels. roca
gaTvlebis warmoeba xdeba, moiniSneba Sesabamisi ope-



1
 buferi - Clipboard - gacvlis mexsierebaa, amoWrili an
aslgadaRebuli obieqtis droebiT dasamaxsovreblad
racia: Add - jami, Subtract - gamokleba, Multiply gam-
ravleba, Divide – gayofa.




                                 gamoTvlebi
                                 specialuri
                                 Casmis meSveobiT




     Paste Special-is Sesrulebis Semdeg rigi monace-
mibisa wilad nawils Seicaven. moqmedebis Semdegi
Tanmimdevroba aseTia:
  6. gamovyoT diapazoni;
  7. daaWireT formatirebis pultis Rilaks Comma
     Styl ;
  8. meniu /Format/Column/Autofit Selection, amiT gadid-
     deba svetis siganeebi da Caeteva cifrebi.



       - 20

 ras emsaxureba brZaneba Goal Seek.


         pasuxi: am brZanebis saSualebiT xorcielde-
ba e.w. "uku mimarTulebis gamoTvla" - mocemuli ga-
moTvlis SedegisaTvis varCevT arguments (para-
metrs). es sakmaod Zlieri instrumentia rTuli samu-
Sao furclisa da mravalricxovani gamoTvlebis
SemTxvevaSi.
     ganvixiloT es aparati Goal Seek - is gamoyenebis
erTi tipiuri magaliTis demonstraciis meSveobiT.
davuSvaT Tqven apirebT saxlis yidvas da am mizniT
25 - wliani sesxis aRebas, wliuri 7%-iT. TveSi 800
dolarze metis gadaxda ar SegiZliaT. ra Rirebule-
bis saxlis yidva SegiZliaT?
     viyenebT safinanso funqcias - PMT, romelic an-
gariSobs Tviuri Sesatanis raodenobas grZelvadiani
sesxebisa da investiciebis dros. am funqciis argu-
mentebi Semdegia: =PMT (procenti, periodi, kreditis
Tanxa)
     sanam Tanxa ar dagvidgenia aviRoT raime mogoni-
li, vTqvaT 85000 dolari da ase viangariSoT Tviuri
Sesatani: eqselSi am angariSis fragmenti




      gviCvenebs kreditis garkveuli raodenobis
dros Tviuri Sesatanis odenobas (es Tanxa minusad
zis da sxva feriTaa mocemuli). igi naangariSebia
Semdegi formuliT: =PMT(7%/12,25*12,85000)
     axla Cveni mizania iseTi Tanxis odenoba vipo-
voT, rom moTxovnebic davicvaT da gadaxdisunaria-
nic davrCeT. viyenebT brZanebas Goal Seek, romlis
gamoZaxeba xorcieldeba eqselis mTavari meniudan â
Tools â Goal Seek.
    ujraSi Set cell is ujra mieTiTeba, romlis Sec-
vlas vapirebT. To value ujraSi CavwerT ricxvs ram-
denic unda gaxdes mniSvneloba D3 ujrisa. ujraSi
By changing cell (romeli ujris cvlilebiT), mivuTi-
TebT C1 ujris misamarTs, sadac gviweria SemTxveviT
aRebuli. da vaWerT Rilakze OK




    eqseli gadaiangariSebs formulas da kreditis
raodenobisaTvis mogvcems Tanxas ($113,189.52 - mas
vxedavT eqselis furclis fragmentze), romelic yve-
la pirobas akmayofilebs. am analizidan gamomdinare
SeiZleba aseTi daskvna gavakeTod: saxlis myidvels
SeuZlia iyidos saxli romlis Rirebuleba ar aRema-
teba 113189.52 dolars. ganxilul samsaxurs zogjer
parametris SerCevas uwodeben.



     - 21
ras emsaxureba eqselSi funqciebi


           pasuxi: funqciebi, ise rogorc formu-
lebi emsaxurebian rTuli gaTvlebis advilad Cawe-
ras. eqselSi aseulobiT funqciaa, romlebic asru-
leben gamoTvlebis farTo speqtrs.
     erT-erTi Yyvelaze popularuli da xSiradgamo-
yenebadi funqciaa SUM, romelic ajamebs erTi an
ramdenime ujris SigTavss. magaliTad formula:
=SUM(A1:B7,F25,F17,56.76) angariSobs A1:B7 interva-
lis, ujrebis F25 da F17 da ricxviTi konstantis
56.76 -is jams.
     imisaTvis, raTa eqselis yvela funqciis gamoye-
nebis saSualeba mogveces, saWiroa Semdegi brZanebis
Sesruleba: meniu /Tools/Add-Ins/Analysis ToolPark.
     funqciebis Caweris dros aucilebelia argumen-
tis (argumentebis) miTiTeba. funqciis saxelis Sem-
deg ixsneba frCxilebi, romlebSiac, mZimeebiT gamo-
yofili, Caiwereba argumentebi. argumentebs, zogjer
parametrebsac uwodeben. Semdegi funqcia =NOW() an-
gariSobs mimdinare TariRsa da dros da ar moiT-
xovs argumentis Casmas. zemoTganxiluli funqcia
(jami) moiTxovs minimum erTi argumentis Casmas ma-
inc. unda aRiniSnos, rom argunetebis diapazoni (ma-
galiTad A1:B7) avtomaturad icvleba eqselis fur-
celSi cvlilebebis (magaliTad striqonebis Camate-
ba) SetanasTan erTad. Tu me-2 striqonis win Caemate-
ba 2 striqoni, argumenti formulaSi Seicvleba da
gaxdeba A1:B9.
     Zalze advili da mosaxerxebelia avtomaturi
jamebis gakeTeba eqselSi. qvemoT vxedavT furcels:
    sakmarisia am furcelSi movniSnoT yvela saanga-
riSo monacemi, romlebic unda Sevidnen mTlian ja-
mebSi, marjvena ganapira carieli svetisa da qveda
carieli striqonis CaTvliT da davaWiroT Rilaks
AutoSum    . mocemul magaliTSi Cven movuniSneT eq-
sels saangariSo are (diapazoni - B3:E7) da amiT ga-
viadvileT aris gansazRvra. SeiZleboda mxolod ca-
rieli ujrebis moniSvna. maSin AutoSum-is aparats
TviTon unda gaerkvia Tu romeli ujrebi Seekriba.
    Tu movniSnavT magaliTad mxolod E3 ujras da
davaWerT     , maSin miviRebT suraTs, romlis mixed-
viTac avtoSejamebis samsaxurma formula Cawera mo-
niSnul ujraSi, magram elodeba sanam Tqven an ar
SecvliT saangariSo diapazons an ar daaWerT Ri-
laks Enter operaciis




dasasruleblad.


      - 22
 ra ZiriTadi maTematikuri da trigonometri-
uli funqciebia eqselSi


        pasuxi: matematikuri da trigonometriuli
funqciebi airCevian kategoriidan Math da Trigono-
metry da Seicaven rogorc Cveulebriv (kalkulator-
Si asaxul), ise funqciebs, romlebic scildebian yo-
veldRiuri gaTvlebis CarCoebs.
        funqcia ABS (ricxvi).

    funqcia gamoiyvans erTi ricxviTi parametris
absolutur mniSvnelobas, gardaqmnis ra mas arauar-
yofiT ricxvSi. sainteresoa misi gamoyeneba dReebis
intervalis gansazRvrisas or nebismier TariRs So-
ris (sul erTia rogori TanmimdevrobiT SevitanT
formulaSi). qvemoT vxedavT am magliTis


realizacias. formulis mixedviT naTelia, rom E7
da F7 ujrebSi Cawerilia ori sxvadasxva TariRi
(mniSvneloba ara aqvs, Tu ra formatiT SevitanT Ta-
riRs), G7 ujraSi Casmulia funqcia, romelic Cans
formulis panelidan. funqcias vsvamT RilakiT ,
kategoriidan Math. rac Seexeba arguments, mas Cav-
svamT ori ujris SigTavsis sxvaobis saxiT, Tanac
ara aqvs mniSvneloba ra TanmimdevrobiT




dalagdebian operandebi, radgan funqciis realiza-
ciis Sedegi yovelTvis dadebiTia.


         funqcia COS (ricxvi).

    funqcia erTi ricxviTi argumentisTvis angari-
Sobs kosinuss. iseve, rogorc yvela trigonometriu-
li funqcia, kosinusic radianebSi muSaobs. Tu gvin-
da gradusebis radianebSi gadayvana, amisaTvis eqse-
li sxva funqcias gvTavazobs, kerZod RADIANS. maga-
liTad Semdegi formula =COS (RADIANS(45)) iZleva
kosinus 45 gradusis Sesabamis mniSvnelobas.


        funqcia PI().

     es funqcia gvaZlevs π - ricxvis mniSvnelobas
14 Tanrigis sizustiT. funqcia ar moiTxovs argu-
ments, magram ar unda dagvaviwydes funqciis saxe-
lis Semdeg frCxilebis Casma.
     magaliTisTvis viangariSoT 7 metri diametrisa
da 8 metris simaRlis mqone cilindris moculoba:
=PI()*(7/2^2*8)


        funqcia INT(ricxvi).

    funqcia gamoyofs ricxviTi argumentis mTel na-
wils: =INT(PI()) tolia .3-s
    imisaTvis, rom mimdinare TariRi miviRoT drois
miTiTebis gareSe vwerT formulas:

    =INT(NOW()), romelic eqvivqlenturia funqcii-
sa TODAY.
    funqcia INT yovelTvis amrgvalebs ricxvebs
uaxloesi mTelisken, uaryofiTi ricxvebTan muSao-
bis drosac ki. magaliTad formula: =INT(-5.3) iZ-
leva mniSvnelobas -6.
    Tu Tqven mxolod wiladi nawilis moSoreba
gindaT, gamoiyeneT funqcia TRUNG.

    =TRUNG (-5.3) formulis Sedegia -5.
            Rand ().
     funqcias iyeneben SemTxveviTi ricxvebis genera-
ciisaTvis. standartuli variantiT es funqcia gvaZ-
levs SemTxveviT ricxvs intervalSi nulidan erTam-
de. diapazonis gasadideblad am funqciis mniSvnelo-
ba unda gavamramloT raime mniSvnelobaze. magali-
Tad, formula:
     =100*RAND() gvaZlevs SemTxveviT ricxvs inter-
valSi 0-dan 100-mde.
     yoveli axali gadaTvlis dros funqcia RAND
axal SemTxveviT ricxvs gamoitans, magram SesaZlebe-
lia davafiqsiroT (gavyinoT) mniSvneloba, Tu vimoq-
medebT Semdegi gziT: meniu â Edit â Past Special â
airCieT gadamrTveli Values.


        funqcia RANDBETWEEN (dawyeba, damTavreba).
    es funqcia, rogorc dasaxelebidan Cans gamoi-
tans SemTxveviT ricxvs or, Tqvens mier micemul
ricxvs Soris: = RANDBETWEEN (10,100) formula
mogvcems SemTxveviT ricxvs 10 sa da 100 -s Soris.


        funqcia    ROMAN (weli, stili).
    es funqcia romaul cifrebSi gadaiyvans miTiTe-
bul ricxvs. Tu stilsac (cifrebs 1 dan 4 mde) mivu-
TebT ufro mokle CanaweriT SeuZlia gamoitanos Ta-
riRi. magaliTad formula:
    ="mimdinare welia"&ROMAN(YEAR(NOW())) 1999
wlisaTvis mogvcems mniSvnelobas: MCMXCIX. formu-
la:
    ="mimdinare welia"&ROMAN(YEAR(NOW()),2) mog-
vcems mniSvbelobas : MXMIX, Semoklebulad.
    eqselis furclidan Tu gadmoviRebT formulas,
igi Semdegnairad gamoiyureba:
          funqcia SQRT(ricxvi).
     funqcia gamoiTvlis kvadratul fesvs miTiTebu-
li ricxvidan. igi eqvivalenturia formulisa = ric-
xvi^0.5 -axarisxeba 0.5 xarisxiT.
     Tu gindaT ipovoT sworkuTxa smkuTxedis hipo-
tenuzis sigrZe, romlis kaTetebia: 3 da 4 gamoiyeneT
formula: =SQRT(3^2+4^2) - formulis Sedegia - 5.
     uaryofiTi ricxvis SemTxvevaSi gamodis Setyo-
bineba: #NUM!. amis Tavidan acileba SeiZleba Tu ga-
moviyenebT funqcias ABS.



      - 23
statistikuri funqciebis gamoyenebis ra
magaliTebia.


       pasuxi: statistikuri funqciebi moTavsebu-
lia funqciebis samsaxuris kategoriaSi Statistical. ma-
Ti gamoZaxebis gza Semdegia: / eqselis marTvis pul-
ti (standartuli) / /Function Category/Statistical/ uj-
ridan Function Name virCevT sasurvel funqcias.

          funqcia COUNT (sia).
     funqcia gamoiyeneba ricxviTi monacemebiT Sevse-
bul ujraTa raodenobis dasaTvlelad. Tu gvinda
gavigoT yvela Sevsebul ujraTa saerTo raodenoba,
maSin viyenebT funqcias COUNTA.
           funqcia MIN (sia).

      funqcias gamoyavs siidan minimaluri mniSvnelo-
ba.
     sia SeiZleba iyos ramdenime ujra an ujraTa
diapazoni, romelSiac Cawerilia ricxvebi. Tu uj-
rebSi B10:B100 moTavsebulni arian TariRebi, maSin
formula: = MIN(B10:B100) gamogviyvans umcires Ta-
riRs. funqcia MAX-s gamoyavs udidesi ricxvi sii-
dan.



           funqcia AVERAGE (sia).

    funqcia angariSobs siaSi mocemul ricxvTa sa-
Sualo ariTmetikuls. es funqcia eqvivalenturia
formulisa: =SUM(sia)/COUNT(sia)
    Tu diapazonebSi: A1:A100 da C1:C100 moTavsebu-
lia temperaturis maCveneblebi, maSin formula:
=AVERAGE(A1:A100,C1:C100) iangariSebs saSualo tem-
peraturas.
    carieli an teqstiT Sevsebuli ujrebi saSualo
ariTmetikulis angariSis dros mxedvelobaSi ar mi-
iRebian.

           funqcia MEDIAN (sia).

    funqcias gamoyavs mediana (SuaSi mdebare)E siaSi
mocemul ricxvTa Soris. ricxvi, romelic funqciiT
miiReba siaSi naxevar ricxvebze naklebia da naxevar-
ze metia. Semdegi ori formulidan:
     =AVERAGE(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11)
     =MEDIAN(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11)
    erTidaigive ricxvi miiReba, kerZod - 6. Semdeg
or formulaSi:
    =AVERAGE(1,2,3,4,1,2,3,4,5,36)
    =MEDIAN(1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5,36)
    saSualo ariTmetikuli isev ^6-ia, mediana ki 3-
is tolia.

          funqcia MODE (sia).

    es funcia gamoiyeneba wina or funqciasTan er-
Tad monacemTa Sesafaseblad. funqcia arafers ar
iTvlis. igi ubralod gamoyofs sidides, romelic
yvelaze xSirad gvxvdeba siaSi.
    Tu diapazonSi 500 ricxvia, romelTa saSualo
ariTmetikuli 125-ia, mediana - 35, moda ki - 17, eseigi
siaSi ufro meti patara ricxvebia da saSualo ariT-
metikuli rom didi ricxvia araferze ar lapara-
kobs.

          funqcia IF (piroba, mniSvneloba I Tu WeSmari-
tia, mniSvneloba II Tu mcdaria).
     pirobis funqcias farTo gamoyeneba aqvs. igi or
SesaZlebel (alternatiul) mniSvnelobazea gaTvli-
li. magaliTad:
     IF (7>4,8,13) =8, radgan Sesrulebulia piroba
7>4. Semdegi formula:
     =IF(TODAY()=DATE(99,1,1), "gilocavT axal
wels","") dabeWdavs molocvas, Tu sruldeba piroba
- pirveli ianvaria 1999 wlis. wianaaRmdeg SemTxveva-
Si gveqneba 0 (romelic carieli brWyalebiTaa war-
modgenili.
     SesaZlebelia funqcia IF-Si 7-mde sxva IF-i Cav-
rTod pirobis ufro dazustebis mizniT.
     IF(piroba1, Tu WeSmaritia1, IF (piroba 2, Tu WeS-
maritia 2, Tu mcdaria 2)). es formula niSnavs: Tu
pirveli piroba WeSmaritia, maSin mniSvneloba Seesa-
bameba "Tu WeSmaritia1"-s; winaRmdeg SemTxvevaSiFSe-
fasebul iqnas meore funqcia IF; Tu meore piroba
WeSmaritia, maSin mniSvneloba Seesabameba "Tu WeSma-
ritia2"-s, wianaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi gveqneba mniSvnelo-
ba "Tu mcdaria2"

          funqcia PMT (norma, periodi, Tanxa, jami, ti-
pi).
    eqselSi aTobiT safinanso funqciaa. ganvixi-
lavT yvelaze tipiurs, PMT-s. es funqcia angari-
Sobs sesxis gadaxdis odenobas mocemuli periodi-
saTvis an dagrovili kapitalis odenobas, mudmivi
saprocento ganakveTebis dros.
    =PMT(11%/12,5*12,50000)
    es formula angariSobs $50000 (Tanxis) sesxis
yovelTviur gadasaxads 5 wlis (periodi) ganmavlo-
baSi procentuli ganakveTiT 11% (norma). am formu-
lis Sedegia 1087.12 dolari, romelic Seicavs ro-
gorc procentuli gadaxdis Tanxas, ise ZiriTads.
aRsaniSnavia, rom procentuli da ZiriTadi gasaxade-
bis gaTvla yovelTviurad xdeba.
    Tu argumenti - tipi gamotovebulia, maSin igi
miRebulia 0-is tolad. es imas niSnavs, rom gadaxdis
Tanxa gaiTvleba yoveli periodis bolosaTvis. Tu
es argumenti 1-is tolia maSin gaangariSeba moxdeba
yoveli periodis dasawyisisTvis. argumenti - jami
warmoadgens balanss bolo angariSsworebis dros.
Tu es argumenti gamotovebulia e.i. is 0-is tolia.


       - 24
dacvis ra saSualebebia eqselSi


       pasuxi: dacvis saerTo saSualebebidan
qvemoT axsnilia ramdenime yvelaze gavrcelebuli
dacvis varianti:


         ujrebisa da obieqtebis blokireba

    ujrebis blokirebisaTvis (an blokirebis mosax-
snelad): /airCieT es ujra (ujrebi) ®--T (marjvena
RilakiT) /Format Cells (an /meniu/Format/ Cells)




                  ujraTa formatireba

     gamosul dialogur fanjaraSi avirCioT Canar-
Ti Protection aq arsebuli ori reJimidan: blokireba
da damalva, virCevT erTerTs. unda aRiniSnos, rom
reJimi blokireba - Locked arCeulia standartulad
da roca Tqven gindaT dacul ujrebSi SeitanoT ra-
ime cvlilebebi, aucilebelia es reJimi gamorToT.
meore reJimi aris damalvis (Hidden), romelic aseve
SegiZliaT airCioT.
     aseve SeiZleba dacul iqnas da moixsnas dacva
grafikul obieqtze da diagramaze. diagramaze -T
(marjvena RilakiT diagramis gare areze) /Format
Chart Area/Properties/ Tu gamorTva gvinda amovSliT
moniSvnas ujraSi Locked. grafikuli obieqtis Sem-
TxvevaSi / (marjvena)/Protection/ gamorTeT Locked.
      avRniSnoT isic, rom Tu Tqven ar CarTeT samu-
Sao furclis dacva, yvela ujrasa da obieqtebs ex-
snebaT blokireba.
      mTeli samuSao furclis blokireba.
      amisaTvis viyenebT brZanebas: meniu /Tools/ Protec-
tion/Protect Sheet. rogorc wesi




                                 furclis
                                 dacva




     (standartulad) dialogur fanjaraSi arsebuli
3 sakontrolo ujraa moniSnuli: SigTavsi, obieqtebi
da scenari. Tu saWiroa gamovrTavT romelsac gvin-
da. Tu Tqven SeitanT parols (Password) Sesabamis
ujraSi (parolis Caweris dros ar Cans teqsti), ma-
Sin Tqvens garda veravin ver moxsnis samuSao wignis
dacvas, Tu ar miuTiTa es paroli. Pparoli SeiZleba
Seicavdes maqsimum 255 simbolos (nebismieri aso,
cifri an simbolo), amasTan mxedvelobaSi miiReba
registri (didi da mcire asoebi). daicaviT ra samu-
Sao furceli aRwerili algoriTmiT, ukve SeuZlebe-
lia: a)blokirebuli ujrebis SigTavsisa da forma-
tis Secvla; b)blokirebuli ujrebis an obieqtis ga-
daadgileba; g)amovagdoT an CavamatoT striqoni an
sveti; d)SevcvaloT stiqonis simaRle an svetis si-
gane.
      parolis Setanis Semdeg (OK), gamodis dialo-
guri fanjara Confirm Password, romelSiac unda ga-
vimeoroT Setanili paroli - igi erTgvari dasturia
Cven wina qmedebaze.
      dacvis moxsna SeiZleba Semdegi gziT: meniu /To-
ols/Protection/Unprotect Sheet.

      gaxsnili samuSao wignis dacva.

      Semdegi brZanebis saSualebiT: meniu /Tolls/ Pro-
tection/Protect Workbook SegviZlia gaxsnili samuSao
wignis (romelsac viyenebT) dacva. dialogur fanja-
raSi Protect Workbook 2 parametria.
      Structure airCeva standartulad da imas niSnavs,
rom araviTari cvlilebis uflebas aRar gveZleva
samuSao wignSi. parametri Windows arCevis dros,
fanjaras, romelSiac aisaxeba samuSao wigni, maSin
mas ver gadaadgilebT, damalavT an SeucvliT zo-
mebs.




     samuSao wignis failis dacva.
    wignis damaxsovrebis dros, SesaZlebelia iseTi
saSualebebis gamoyeneba, romliTac SeizRudeba fa-
ilSi SeRwevis gzebi. gamoiyeneT Semdegi gza:
    meniu /File/Save As/Options




      samuSao wignis dacvis 4 gza arsebobs:
   1. failis aslebis Seqmna;
   2. parolis gamoyeneba failis gaxsnis dros;
   3. paroli modificirebisaTvis;
   4. mxolod wasakiTxad rekomendirebuli.
   dialogur fanjaraze oTxive reJimi mosCans.
"yovelTvis Seqmeni asli" - Always create backup - Tu
am opciis sakontrolo ujra moniSnulia, maSin sa-
muSao wignis yoveli damaxsovrebisas diskoze mis
pirvandeli versias saxeli ecvleba, e.i. Seiqmneba
rezervirebuli asli. magaliTad Tu aqtiuri samu-
Sao wignis saxelia MyFile.xls (xls eqselis failTa
gafarToebaa), misi damaxsovrebis dros wina versias
daerqmeva Backup of My File.xlk.
       "paroli gaxsnisaTvis" - Password to open, ana-
logiuria zemoT ganxiluli aseTive reJimisa wig-
nis dacvis dros, mxolod parolis simboloTa
ricxvma aq ar unda gadaaWarbos 15.
      "rekomendirebuli mxolod wasakiTxad"- Read-
only recommended reJimi aris, rogorc mas uwodeben
dacvis mxolod zrdilobiani, rbili forma. Tu
momxmarebeli Seecdeba aseTi failis (wignis) gax-
snas, gamodis warmodgenili dialoguri fanjara,
romelic gvTavazobs: gvinda Tu ara gavxsnaT fai-
li rogorc "
                                            '
mxolod wasakiTxad". sakmarisia aq vupasuxoT uar-
yofiTad (No) da faili gaixsneba masze zemoqmede-
bis absuluturad yvela uflebiT!!!
   parols modificirebisaTvis aRar vixilavT, vi-
naidan igi arafriT ar gansxvavdeba meore punqtisa-
gan.



       - 25
 rogor xdeba damokidebuli ujrebis
daTvaliereba


        pasuxi: eqselis samuSao furcelSi asaxu-
lia mxolod cifrebi da teqsti. sinamdvileSi uj-
rebs Soris (formulebs Soris) arsebobs zogjer
urTulesi urTierTkavSiri, romlis demonstracia
xSirad aucilebelia. SemovitanoT ori ganmarteba
damokidebuli (dependent cell), es aris formuliani
ujra. damokidebuli ujris mniSvneloba icvleba im
ujris cvlilebasTan erTad, romelic formulaSi
monawileobs; da gavlenismqone (precedent cell) ujra -
es is ujraa, romelic miniSnebulia mimdinare ujris
formulaSi. Tu formula =SUM(B10:G10) imyofeba
H10 ujraSi, maSin masze gavlenismqone ujrebia
B10:G10. yoveli ujrisaTvis am diapazonidan H10 da-
mokidebuli ujraa.
    qvemoT mocemuli ilustracia damokidebuli uj-
rebis urTierTkavSirze miuTiTebs. kavSirebis aseTi
kvalis miReba SeiZleba Semdeg brZanebaTa Tanmimdev-
ruli SesrulebiT: meniu /Tools/Auditing/ Trace depen-
dent. amave adgilidan specialuri pultis gamotanaa
SesaZlebli, romliTac garda kavSirebis Cvenebisa
SegviZlia nebismier adgilas CavsvaT komentari, ga-
movyoT miuRebeli mniSnelobebi. es pulti naCvenebia
qvemoT.




                    auditis magaliTi

   aseTi suraTis misaRebad aucilebelia jer mov-
niSnoT ubralo ujra (ara formuliani). am kavSire-
bis gaqroba: / Remove Arrows.




    gavlenismqone ujrebis kavSirebis suraTis misa-
Rebad jer movniSnavT formulian (saSedego) ujras
da Semdeg davicavT brZanebaTa Semdeg Tanmimdevro-
bas: meniu /Tools/Auditing/Trace precedent .
                 Secdomis kvalis dadgena

    eqselis am furcelze ori sxvadasxva domokide-
bulebaTa demonstraciaa: E8 ujraSi aris formula
saSualo ariTmetikulis saangariSoT. es kargad Cans
formulis panelidan. igive ujrebi romlebic for-
mulidan Cans isrebiT dakavSirebulia saSedego uj-
rasTan E8. miRebulia suraTi gavlenismqone ujrebis
kavSirze. garda amisa ilustraciidan Cans meore kav-
Sirebis kvali, B9 ujraSi Tavmoyrili. es aris Sec-
domis dasadgeni (Tu romeli ujris monawileobiT
moxda Secdoma) TvalsaCino suraTi, romlis miReba
xdeba Semdegi gziT: movniSnavT Secdomian ujras /me-
niu/Tools/Auditing/Trace Eroor. Secdomian ujraSi weria
nulze gayofis Setyobineba. trasebis gavlebis Sem-
deg marTlac vxedavT - formulaSi Casmulia carie-
li (nulis toli) ujra A8.
      - 26

  ras emsaxureba scenarebis aparati


           pasuxi: davuSvaT Tqven gindaT SecvaloT
nebismieri ricxvebi samuSao furcelze da daakvir-
deT rogor icvleba saSedego ujrebis SigTavsebi.
amasTan aseTi cvlilebebi SegiZliaT CaataroTY
praqtikulad ramdenjerac gindaT. es aris eqselis
erTerTi ZiriTadi koncefcia What If ? - ras miviReb
Tu aseT cvlilebebs Sevitan?
    zemoT warmodgenil cxrilSi (yovelTviuri
xarjebi) vTqvaT gvinda davakvirdeT rogor Seicvleba E8
ujris mniSvneloba, Tu C4, C5, da D4 ujrebSi nac-
lad ricxvebisa: 56, 14, 64, Sesabamisad SevitanT Sem-
deg Tanmimdevrobas: 45, 16, 56. davalebas romelsac
eqsels vaZlevT Sesasruleblad hqvia scenari, ro-
melsac Tavis saxeli aqvs da roca gvinda mas gamov-
cdiT. garda amisa scenaris Sesrulebisas Sedgeba
garkveuli angariSi, romelic inaxeba samuSao fur-
celTan erTad.
    scenaris samsaxuris CarTva xdeba brZanebiT: me-
niu /Tools/Scenarios/Add.
     zemoTwarmodgenil dialogur fanjaraSi ujra
Scenario Name gankuTvnilia scenarisaTvis saxelis
misaniWeblad, vinaidan mas Wirdeba unikaluri iden-
tifikatori. mas davarqviT saxeli TSU-1. Semdeg uj-
raSi - Changing cells saWiroa mieTiTos is ujrebi,
romlebSic vapirebT raime cvlilebis Setanas. Tqven
xedavT, aseTi ujrebia C4, C5, da D4. momdevno ujra
fanjaraSi - Comments emsaxureba mocemuli scenaris
aRweras, misi Seqmnis mizans, SeniSvnas, raime komen-
tars, romelsac saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi daurTavT
scenars. bolo are Protection ganekuTvneba dacvis sam-
saxurs. aq SemoTavazebulia scenaris orgvari dacva:
Prevent changes - akrZalva scenaris yovelgvari
cvlilebisa da Hide scenaris SesaZlo damalva, Tu
amis aucilebloba aris. unda aRiniSnos, rom dacvis
orive es RonisZieba ar imuSavebs Tu ar davicaviT
TviTon samuSao furceli Semdegi gziT: meniu /To-
ols/Protection/Protect Sheet da Semdegi miTiTebebis mi-
xedviT19. SevavsebT ra dialogur fanjaras, OK daWe-
ris SemdegEgamodis dialoguri fanjara Scenario
Values - scenaris sidideebi (mniSvnelobebi), im sami
ujriT, romelTa mniSvnelobebi aq unda Seicalos.
Cven am ujrebSi gadavakeTebT mniSvnelobebs (mivani-
WebT axals). Tqven xedavT fanjaras axali mniSvne-
lobebiT.
     Rilaki Add gankuTvnilia axali scenaris Sesaq-
mnelad da CarTavs dialogur fanjaras Add Scenario
     vpasuxobT bolos OK-s daWeriT da gamodis (di-
aloguri fanjara) dialoguri fanjara : Scenario
Manager




               monacemTa cvlilebis fanjara
     scenaris menejeridan Cans sruli informacia
Cvens mier Seqmnili scenaris Sesaxeb: saxeli, ujre-
bi Secvlili mniSvnelobebiT, komentari. rac Seexeba
dialoguri fanjris marjvena mxares moTavsebul Ri-
lakebs, isini asruleben Semdeg funqciebs: pirvel
rigSi Tu gvinda es samsaxuri dagvanaxebs Cveni mo-
delirebis Sedegs. ramdenadac praqtika gviCvenebs am
funqcias mimarTaven iSviaTad, radgan Sedegebi
TvalnaTliv Cans scenaris angariSidan. Tumca, Tu
romelime scenari akmayofilebs pirobebs, maSin SeiZ-

19
  es sakiTxi dawvrilebiT ganxilulia dacvis RonisZiebebis
aRweris nawilSi
leba sabolood davayenoT ujrebis SerCeuli mniS-
vnelobebi RilakiT Show. sxva Rilakebis funqciebi
aRwerilia dialoguri fanjris qvemoT moyvanil
cxrilSi.




scenaris marTvis
 fanjara




                   scenaris marTvis brZanebebi

 Rilaki       funqcia
              arCeuli scenarisaTvis aCvenebs mniS-
 Show
              vnelobebs samuSao furcelSi
              xuravs am fanjaras da inarCunebs
 Close
              Tqven cvlilebebs
              xsnis axali scenaris damatebis dia-
 Add . . .
              loguri fanjara-s
 Delete       Slis moniSnul scenars
              cvlis scenaris saxels, ujraTa misa-
 Edit . . .
              marTebs da komentars
              romelime wignSi aerTianebs sxvadasxva
 Merge . .
              furcelSi daweril scenarebs
              qmnis saboloo angariSs an scenaris
 Summary      krebsiT cxrilis angariSs axal fur-
              celze
  axla SevqmnaT angariSi mocemul magaliTze ami-
saTvis vaaqtiurebT Rilaks Summary dialoguri fan-
jara - Scenario Summary-Si moniSnulia 3 ujra. am
ujraTa




mocemul magaliTze angariSis Seqmna. misamarTebi av-
tomaturad Caiwera areSi Result cells (saSedego ujre-
 bi) imitom, rom scenarSi arCeuli ujrebi C4, C5, da
 D4 monawileoben swored am gaTvlebSi. Cven davuma-
  tebT mas ujra F5, radgan am saSedego ujris gaT-
vlebSi monawileobs ujra C5. Rilak OK gaaqtiurebis
 Semdeg viRebT scenaris angariSs. axla SegviZlia ga-
 vaaanalzoT miRebuli angariSi (swored es aris mi-
zani scenarebis samsaxurisa). Cven vxedaT or nawils
angariSSi a) Changing Cells, - ujrebi, sadac Seicvala
                    maTi SigTavsi
                   scenaris angariSi
da b)Result Cells - saSedego ujrebi. angariSSi ori
svetia: a)Current Values - mimdinare mniSvnelobebi (si-
dideebi) da b)TSU-1 - es Cveni scenaris saxelia. am
svetSia asaxuli yvela momxdari cvlileba, rogorc
im ujrebSi, sadac Cven SevitaneT xelovnurad cvli-
lebebi, ise am cvlilebebiT gamowveuli gadaangari-
Sebebi saSedego (formulian) ujrebSi.




               angariSi krebsiTi cxriliT


    zemoT Cven vxedavT angariSs krebsiTi cxrilis
saxiT (Pivot Table), romlis garCeva ar warmoadgens
siZneles. krebsiTi cxrilebi garCeuli iqneba mom-
devno masalaSi.
      - 27

rogor gamoviyeno gamomTvleli Solver


       pasuxi: aparati, romelsac axla ganvixilavT
da romlis saxeli (qarTulad) arc ise Seesabameba
mis daniSnulebas, analizis mZlavri saSualebaa. mi-
si CarTvis gza Semdegia: meniu / Tools / Solver. maga-
liTad aviRoT CvenTvis cnobili cxrili da davsvaT
aseTi amocana: rogori ekonomia unda gamewia magali-
Tad aprilis TveSi, rom saerTo Tanxas I kvartalSi
ar gadaeWarbebina 2450 dolars-s, im SezRudvis arse-
bobis dros, roca dazRveva ar SeiZleba iyos 650-ze
naklebi. gamoviyenoT amisaTvis Solver-i (suraTi
ixile qvemoT). ujraSi Set Target Cell SevitanT EF7
ujris misamarTs, radgan es saerTo jamis ujraa.
Equal To areSi sami opciaa: maqsimumi, minimumi da to-
lia sididis. aq virCevT"tolia sididis" (Value of) da
vwerT ujraSi ricxvs 2450. ujraSi By Changing Cells
SevitanT aprilis Tvis xarjebis ujrebis misamar-
Tebs.




               gamomTvlelis ilustracia
           gamomTvlelis parametrebis dayeneba
      areSi, romlis saxelia Subject to the Constraints
(SezRudvebi) SesaZlebelia Add Rilakis meSveobiT
SemovitanoT Semdegi dialoguri fanjara Add Con-
straint (SezRudvebis damateba) rogorc vxedavT aq
CavsviT ujra E3, romelic Seesabameba dazRvevis
punqts, romlisTvisac davaweseT SezRdva
             SezRudvis kriteriumis dayeneba
da ar SeiZleba iyos 650-ze naklebi. amiT minimalur
(ubralo) variantSi damTavrda gamomTvlelisaTvis
davalebis Sedgena. OK-is Rilakze zemoqmedebis Sem-
deg miviRebT qvemoTwarmodgenil dialoguri fanja-
ra-s, romelic Sedegis miRebis angariSia, sadac we-
ria, rom amoxsna moZebnilia da yvela SezRudvebi da
optimaluri pirobebi dakmayofilebulia. gadamrTve-
lebi miuTiTeben




               gamomTvlelis Sedegis arCeva
a)SenarCunebul iqnas solveris napovni amoxsna- Keep
Solver Solution da b)aRdgenil iqnas sawyisi mniSvnelo-
bebi (Restore Original Values). aq arCevani Cvenzea. mar-
jvena mxares vxedavT angariSebis formebs. aqedan
Cveni arCevani SeCerebulia pasuxze – Answer. OKK-is
Rilakze zemoqmedebis Semdeg miviRebT mza angariSs,
romlis fragments qvemoT xedavT .




                                         gamomTvleli
                                         s Sedegi
     - 28

rogor xdeba     diagramebis ageba eqselSi


       pasuxi: gansakuTrebiT daxvewil samsaxurTa
ricxvs eqselSi udavod miekuTvneba diagramebis os-
tati (Wizard). igi imdenad mravalmxriv da srulyo-
fil detalebs gvTavazobs, rom maTi dawvrilebiTi
warmodgena Cven miznebs cildeba. amitom warmogid-
genT diagramebis Seqmnisa da maTi gamoyenebis Ziri-
Tad momentebs.
   sawyis monacemebad aviRoT CvenTvis cnobili
cxrili (magaliTad cxrili « yovelTviuri
gadasaxadi ») pirvel rigSi SevadginoT sxvadasxva
saxis diagrama. diagramis Sedgena iwyeba cxrilSi im
arealis moniSvniT, romlis SigniTac gvainteresebs
damokidebulebebi sxvadasxva parametrs Soris. Sem-

deg vaaqtiurebT Rilaks        an brZanebas: meniu
/Insert/Chart
                diagramis formirebis pirveli etapi
     vizards1 ori CanarTi aqvs: standartuli tipis
diagramebisa da specialuri, romlebic erTmaneTis-
gan dizainiT gansxvavdebian. am etapze virCevT diag-
ramis tips. Cveni arCevani pirvelive tipze SeCerda.
rogorc dialoguri fanjris saTauri miuTiTebs, mo-
cemul momentSi diagramis Sedgenis pirvel safexur-
ze vimyofebiT da sul 4 safexuria. meore safexurze
virCevT monacemTa areals Tu ukve arCeuli ar
gvaqvs. amave safexurze vakonkretebT diagrama orien-
tirebuli unda iyos striqonebze, Tu svetebze. mesa-
me safexuris fragmenti mocemulia qvemoT: am safe-
xuris dialoguri fanjara-ze 6 CanarTia: saTaurebi-
saTvis (saerTo da RerZebis), RerZebis reJimebis da-
sayenebeli (Tu romelze iyos orientirebuli), diag-
ramis fonze badis dadebis, e.w. legendis (pirobiTi
aRniSvnebi), reJimebis, monacemTa WdeebisaTvis (Tu
rogor iyvnen warmodgenili) da monacemTa cxrilis
saCvenebeli.




                  diagramaze warwerebis datana


1
 avtorebi bodiSs ixdian terminebis xmarebis Tavisufali formisaTvis.
amis mizezi qarTuli terminebis uqonlobaa.
meoTxe safexuria imis gansazRvra, Tu sad unda gan-
lagdes diagrama.. rogorc axali furceli ise Cais-
vas, Tu furcelSi rogorc obieqti. Cven virCevT me-
ores.




            digramis mdebareobis gansazRvra
    sabolood, roca bolo safexurze gavaaqtiu-
rebT Rilaks Finish (dasasruli), fragmenti Cans ze-
moT, miviRebT aseT suraTs.




              diagramis saboloo suraTi
   diagramaze gaTvaliswinebulia TiTqmis yvela
calkeuli detalis formatireba. Tu moiniSneba di-
agramis gare CarCo da mausis marjvena RilakiT ga-
movitanT konteqstur menius, sxva moqmedebebTan er-
Tad SegviZlia avirCioT diagramis sxva tipi. amisaT-
vis vaaqtiurebT punqts Chart Type . . .da gamosuli
dialoguri fanjridan (igi analogiuria zemoTnaCve-
nebi dialoguri fanjara Chart Wizard-isa) virCevT
magaliTad, Line tips. Sedegad miviRebT digramas ro-
melic qvemoTaa gamosaxuli.
     am diagramaSi sainteresoa erTi metad praqtiku-
li operaciis Catareba, romlis ilustracia aq Seve-
cadeT gveCvenebina. saqme exeba diagramidan monacemTa
cvlilebas, Tanac zustad im sidideze gasvla, ro-
melsac moiTxovs dasmuli amocana. romelime para-
metris Sesacvlelad unda gaaqtiurdes, misi Sesaba-
misi mrudi. magaliTSi gaaqtiurebulia gazis




            monacemTa cvlileba diagramidan

Sesabamisi mrudi. amis Semdeg romel punqtSic gvin-
da (magaliTSi meore punqti - Seesabameba Tebervals)
mausiT CavavlebT da gadavitanT saWiro mimarTule-
biT (mokleba an momateba). amasTan erTad vakvirde-
biT iqve gamoCenil patara fanjaras, romelSiac ga-
datanasTan erTad icvleba Sesabamisi parametris
ricxviTi mniSvneloba. magaliTSi gvindoda gazis
xarjebi gagvezarda 76-mde. xels auSvebT da Sesaba-
misi monacemi dafiqsirdeba cxrilSi.
       - 28

rogor xdeba siebis damuSaveba



        pasuxi: eqseli ricxobrivi monacemebis damu-
Savebis garda SeiZleba warmatebiT gamoviyenoT sie-
bis dasamuSaveblad. qvemoT moyvanilia martivi maga-
liTi, romelsac gamoviyenebT siebze sxvadasxva op-
raciebis Sesrulebis dros.




        monacemTa daxarisxeba

    uaRresad mniSvnelovania am operaciisaTvis da-
xarisxebis diapazonis gamoyofa. diapazonis gamosa-
yofad, jer gamoyaviT nebismieri ujra im svetSi,
romlis mixedviTac iwarmoebs daxarisxeba. magali-
Tad, A svetSi SeiZleba gamoiyos nebismieri ujra,
Tu daxarisxebas vapirebT gvarebis mixedviT. Semdeg
amovirCevT brZanebas Data/Sort. eqseli am momentSi ga-
moyofs diapazons A2:E6. pirveli striqoni ar gamoi-
yo imitom, rom eqseli mas Tvlis saTaur striqonad
da ar Seyavs is daxarisxebis diapazonSi. Tu gindaT
pirveli striqonis daxarisxeba (Tu ar gaqvT saTau-
ri striqoni maSin dialogur fanjaraSi unda amoi-
RoT moniSvna gadamrTvelidan Header row.
    dialoguri fanjaraSi Tu gavxsniT sias Sort by
davinaxavT yvela velebis dasaxelebas saTauri
striqonidan. aqedan amovirCevT erTs da Semdeg Se-
saZlebelia sxva velis mixedviT movaxdinoT daxa-
risxeba. amisaTvis gavxsniT Then by sias da amovir-
CevT ukve sxva parametrs dasaxarisxeblad da a.S.




   daxarisxebis operaciis Sesruleba SeiZleba mar-
Tvis panelidanac, sadac Rilakebi klebis
zrdis   mixedviT daaxarisxeben mocemul diapazons.
      - 29

 rogor gavfiltroT sia mocemuli
kriteriumiT


        pasuxi: eqseli saSualebas iZleva Cveni maga-
liTidan gamovyoT mxolod is pirebi, romlebic ari-
an romelime konkretuli qalaqidan (magaliTad Te-
lavidan) da romelTa asaki ar aRemateba 35 wels.
brZanebis punqtebi, romliTac vaRwevT am mizans
aris Semdegi: meniu /Data/Filter/AutoFilter. unda aRiniS-
nos, rom eqseli siis gafiltvris dros saTauris
striqons ignorirebas ukeTebs. garda amisa SeuZle-
belia gafiltvris operacia erTze met samuSao fur-
celze.
     gamoviyenoT avtofiltri Cveni siisaTvis:
  1. avirCioT siis nebismieri ujra;
  2. meniu /Data/Filter/AutoFilter. am operaciaTa Sedegad
     yvela svetis saTaurSi gamoCndeba siis gaxsnis
     Rilaki      ;
  3. daaWireT vels qalaqi. Cven vxedavT am svetis
     yvela monacems;
                 magaliTi filtraciaze
  4. siidan airCieT magaliTad Telavi; Tqven xedavT
efeqts - siaSi darCnen mxolod is pirebi, romlebic
arian Telavidan. sxva striqonebi siaSi ar gmoCnde-
bian. analogiuri efeqtis miReba SeiZleba Semdegi
brZanebiT: meniu   Format    Row      Hide.
     mxolod darCenil striqonebze muSaoba aadvi-
lebs redaqtirebis, aslis miRebisa da beWdvis pro-
ceduras.
     filtraciis moxsna SeiZleba Tu SevasrulebT
Semdeg brZanebas: meniu /Data/Filter/ Show All, romlis
Sesrulebis Semdeg isrebi gaqrebian svtebidan.




     SeiZleba ufro moqnili gavxadoT filtraciis
procesi, Tu avtofiltris siaSi avirCevT punqts
Custom.
      1. Cven siaSi gavxsnaT asaki da davaWiroT Cus-
tom. am dialogur fnjaras ori veli aqvs, sadac
kriteriumebi unda Caiweros. yovel ujras Tavisi ga-
saxneli sia aqvs, romlidanac viRebT saWiros




                  avtofiltris awyoba
   2. pirvelSi virCevT is greater than or equal to (to-
lia an metia, vidre);
     3. marjvena ujraSi SeitaneT 25 (es niSnavs, rom unda
gamovides yvela Canaweri1, sadac pirovnebis asaki tolia an
aWarbebs 25 wels;
     4. airCieT gadamrTveli and, raTa meore filtri
gamoyenebul iqnas pirvelTan erTad koniuqciaSi
(orive erTdroulad);
     5.meore gaxsnil siaSi airCieT is less than (nakle-
bi, vidre);
     6. marjvena ujraSi SeitaneT sidide 45;
     7. OK- ze zemoqmedeba
     sabolood sia ase unda gamoiyurebodes cxrili



                         filtraciis erTi Sedegi




am siaSi darCnen mxolod is striqonebi, romelTa
Sesabamisi pirovnebebis asaki ar gamodis diapazoni-
dan 25 - 45 weli.
     logikuri operaciebiT (isini arian asarCev sia-
Si, kriteriumis dialogur fnjaraSi) beginss with da
ends with SeiZleba SemovitanoT kriteriumebi im sim-
boloTa safuZvelze, romliTac iwyeba an mTavrdeba
ujris SigTavsi. kriteriumebis dayenebisas xSirad
iyeneben simboloebs * da ?. isini Seesabamebian: *- ne-
bismier, ramdenime simbolos. meore simbolo ? - See-
sabameba erT nebismier simbolos.


1
    Canaweri erTi striqonia Cven magaliTSi
       kriteriumebi sidideTa mudmivi ricxviT
     ricxviTmonacemebiani svetis gafiltvra SeiZle-
ba moxdes avtofiltris siidan. avirCevT punqts Top
(an bottom)- mxedvelobaSia didi an mcire sidide, ro-
melic mxolod ricxviTi sidideebisTvisa gankuTvni-
li. Sesabamisi dialoguri fanjara ase gamoiyureba
aq gaxsnilia meore ujra, sadac gvaqvs arCevani: ele-
menti Tu procenti (Items or Percent).




               avtofiltris specialuri punqti
Items-s dros gamodis yvela striqoni (Canaweri), ro-
melic akmayofilebs mocemul dipazons. meniu /
Data/Filter/Show All;
 /Autofilter - asakis svetisaTvis /Top/Items. Sedegad mi-
viRebT cxrils
              filtraciis erTerTi Sededgi




miTiTebuli gvqonda 3 elementi. da miviReT 3 yvela-
ze xnieri adamiani (xnieri imitom, rom daniSnuli
gvqonda Top -i). Tu mivuTiTebT B(Bottom), maSin gamoi-
taneba striqonebi minimaluri mniSvnelobebiT, imde-
ni, ramdensac mivuTiTebT. Tu bolo parametrisaTvis
aviRebT mniSvnelobas Persent, gamoitaneba striqone-
bi, romlebic miTiTebuli procentis sizustiT See-
sabamebian mocemul mniSvnelobas. magaliTad xel-
fasis svetSi




             erTerTi magaliTi kriteriumiT
am dialoguri fanjris Sesabamisi cxrili ase gamoi-
yureba




      - 30

   rogor xdeba rTuli filtris
realizacia


              pasuxi: Semdegi brZanebis meSveobiT: me-
niu /Data/Filter/ Advenced Filter, SegviZlia ufro gava-
farTovoT filtris koncefcia.
     SesaZleblobebi:
     a) davayenoT Sedarebis kriteriumebi mxolod
    calkeuli diapazonisTvis;
     b) calkeul svetebs Soris SevqmnaT ramdenime
    kriteriumi operacia " an " - iT (OR);
     g) gamovitanoT yvela unikaluri (yvelasagan
     gansxvavebuli) Sedegebi da davmaloT dublika-
     tebi (Tu aseTebi arseboben).
     saerTod es Tema Zalze farToa da aq motanili
masala sakmarisi ar aris mis srulad gasaSuqeblad.
vnaxoT magaliTze, filtris e.w. gaZlierebuli meTo-
di. avtofiltris gasauqmeblad viyenebT brZnebas: me-
niu    Data    Autofilter.
     Sedarebis kriteriumebisaTvis cxrilis zemoT
vtovebT adgils. avirCioT ujrebi: B1:B3 da Cavwe-
roT kriteriumebi:.




    moqmedebaTa Tanmimdevroba aseTia:
 1. siaSi moiniSneba nebismieri ujra;
 2. meniu / Data / Filter / advenced Filter;
 3. List Range (filtris samsaxuri TviTon moniSnavs
    cxrilis mTel diapazons);




 4. Criteria Range, aq mieTiTeba; B1:B3 diapazoni;
 5. Action : avirCevT - Filter the List in place (gafil-
    tris Sedegi darCeba siaSi), an Copy to another lo-
    cation (gafiltvris Sedegi Caiwereba miTiTebul
    diapazonSi (Copy to);
 6.unda amoviRoT moniSvna Unique (Tu ar gvinda mxo-
    lod unikaluri Canawerebi gamovitanoT
 7.OK.
  Sedegi ase gamoiyureba:\




           - 31

rogor sruldeba Sualeduri gaTvlebi (Sub-
totals)


     funqcia Subtotal
    sintaqsi / = Subtotal (ricxvi, diapazoni).
    argumenti - ricxvi imyofeba diapazonSi 1 dan 11
mde da aRniSnavs Sesasrulebel operaciis tips. ma-
galiTad 1 - gasaSualebas aRniSnavs, 2 - daTvlas
(Count), 4-5 - maqsimumi da minimumi, 9 - Sejameba.
              Sualeduri gaTvlebis fanjara
    eqselis samuSao furclis am fragmentidan Cans
ori formula funqciiT SUBTOTAL. formulis pa-
nelze asaxuli formula filtris moqmedebis Sem-
deg angariSobs saSualo xelfass erT qalaqSi, xo-
lo mis qvemoT daTvlilia saerTo raodenoba.

        brZaneba Data / Subtotal
     sanam am brZanebas SevasrulebT, yovelTvis saWi-
roa im svetis mixedviT davaxarisxoT sia, romlis-
Tvisac gvinda Sualeduri gaTvlebis Catareba im
mizniT, rom erTnairi elementebi dalagdnen erTmane-
Tis miyolebiT. brZaneba or funqcias asrulebs:
     a) Sualeduri gaTvlebisaTvis cxrilSi CarTavs
axal striqons.
         b) qmnis struqturas, romlis meoxebiTac su-
bordinaciis sxvadasxva doneze SeiZleba monaceme-
biT manipulireba.
     qvemoT warmodgenilia brZanebis : meniu /Data
/Subtotal dialoguri fanjara.




                                            Subtotal
                                         dialoguri
                                          fanjara.




    OK - s Semdeg cxrilSi momxdari cvlilebebidan qve-
moT warmodgenilia fragmenti qalaqebis mixedviT saSualo
xelfasis angariSisa.
•   struqturis saSualebiT monacemTa gamoyofa da
    dajgufeba
•   struqtura iqmneba brZaneba Subtotal-is Sesrule-
    bisTanave. struqtura ierarqiuli xasiaTisaa.
    struqturis marTva warmoebs marcxniv moTavse-
    buli Rilakebis (furclis gareT) saSualebebiT.
    simbolo (+)-s Semoyavs struqturis ierarqiis
    axali elementebi. niSani (-)piriqiT Sekvecavs
    struqturis elementebs. Tu gvinda gavaqroT
    struqturis marTvis instrumentebi, vasrulebT
    Semdeg manipulaciebs: meniu /Tools/Opti-
    ons/View/amovSaloT moniSvna Outline Symbols /OK.
    1, 2, 3 struqturis ierarqiis doneebia. maTi sa-
    SualebiT xdeba cxrilis detalebis gamoCena da
    damalva. magaliTad me 2 -ze mausiT zemoqmedeba
    iwvevs detaluli donis gaqrobas.


         -   32

rogor miviRoT krebsiTi cxrilebi (Pivot Tab-
le Report)


          pasuxi: aseT cxrilebis misaRebad: vimoq-
medoT Semdegi gziT: meniu / Data / Pivot Table Report.
CairTveba
                                krebsiTi
                                cxrilebis
                                sawyisi
                                etapi




e.w. ostati - Wizard. warmodgenil dialogur
fanjaraSi, sadac eqseli TviTon svams ujraTa dia-
pazons Cveni magaliTidan. diapazoni moicavs yvela
ujras, romlebic dakavebuli arian sasargeblo in-
formaciiT. Semdeg safexurze (Next) gvaqvs qvemoT
darTuli suraTi (aq motanilia fragmenti). marjve-
na mxares velebi moyvanilia Cveni magaliTis cxri-
lidan. imis mixedviT Tu rogori cxrili gvinda mi-
viRoT konkretul velze: Row - Tu veli striqonze




orientirebuli unda iyos, Column - Tu svetSi gvinda
iyos romelime veli, DATA - Si im vels, romlis mo-
nacemebic gvinda viangariSoT an daviTvaloT. qalaqi
gadavitanoT svetis areSi, gvari striqonSi, xolo
xelfasis jami viangariSoT areze DATA. qvemoT swo-
red es fragmentia gamosaxuli. wina suraTze ar Can-
da jamis aRniSvna. misi gamotana xdeba standartu-
lad e.w. gaCumebis wesiT. Tu gvinda sxva funqciiT
viangariSoT Cveni parametri maSin funqciis areze
orjer daWeriT gamodis sia im funqciebisa, romel-
sac eqseli gvTavazobs saangariSoT: avirCevT sasur-
vels da vimoqmedebT Rilakze OK.




Semdeg safexurze vizardi gvekiTxeba, Tu sad gvinda
movaTavsoT krebsiTi cxrili, axal furcelze Tu
imave samuSao furcelze. Cveni arCevani SeCerda
axal furcelze (New worksheet). Sedegi Cveni moqme-
debebisa naCvenebia eqselis furclis fragmentze.
     Tu krebsiTi cxrilis ostatSi areze PAGE ga-
davitanT saqmianobis vels,
     maSin miviRebT aseT krebsiT cxrils, magaliTad
eqimebisaTvis




     punqti eqimi amorCeul iqna siidan, romelic ix-
sneba saqmianobis gaswvriv mdebare siis gaxsnis Ri-
lakiT
       - 33

rogor avagoT erTcvladiani monacemTa
cxrili


            pasuxi: eqseli gvaZlevs saSualebas
cxrilis saxiT gamoviTvaloT Sedegebi erTi cvla-
disaTvis nebismieri 2 formuliT, winaswargansaz-
Rvruli mniSvnelobebisaTvis. cvladad SeiZleba avi-
RoT samuSao furclis nebismieri ujra. Setanili
sawyisi sidideebi ganlagdebian svetSi an striqonSi.
Sesabamisad pirvels sveturi orientaciis monacemebi
qvia meores ki striqonuli. erTcvladiani striqonu-
li orientaciis monacemebisaTvis cxrilis miReba
Semdegi gziT xdeba: CavwerT monacemebs striqonSi,
formula Caiwereba striqonis pirveli monacemis
marcxniv da qvemo ujraSi, damatebiTi formula Cais-
meba pirveli formulis qvemoT. Semdeg movniSnavT
diapazons B1:F3 (asea Cven magaliTSi), romelic moi-
cavs striqonobriv monacemebs




da formulebs. momdevno qmedebaa: meniu /Data/Table/.
Sedegad miviRebT dialogur fanjaras:
fanjaraSi iq, sadac weria Row input cell SevitanT
cvladis misamarTs da. Sedegad miviRebT Sevsebul
cxrils




B2 da B3 ujraSi formulebia, C1:F3 diapazonSi ki
aRebuli cvladisaTvis ori formulis mixedviT mi-
Rebuli gaTvlis Sedegebia.
     Tu monacemebs (sawyis sidideebs) CavsvamT svet-
Si, maSin pirveli formula Caiwereba svetis marjve-
na zemo ujraSi, xolo meore formula mis gverdiT.
danarCen operaciaTa Tanmimdevroba igivea, rac ze-
moT garCeulis SemTxvevaSi, erTi gamonaklisiT,
cvladi Caiwereba dialoguri fanjris ujraSi Co-
lumn input cell.
      - 34

 rogor aigeba orcvladiani monacemTa
cxrili



        pasuxi: es samsaxuri winasTan gansxvavebiT
iyenebs erT formulas ori sxvadasxva cvladisaTvis.
algoriTmi am cxrilis Sedgenisa mdgomareobs Sem-
degSi:
  1. sadme, samuSao furclis nebismier adgilas Sevi-
     tanoT formula, romelic Seicavs or cvlads;
  2. sawyisi monacemebisa erTi sia SevavsoT formu-
     lis gaswvriv striqonSi, marjvniv. meore sia
     formulis qvemoT svetSi;




 3. movniSnoT diapazoni, romelic moicavs sawyis
    monacemebsa da formulas (B1:E4);
 4. meniu / Data / Table;




 5. Row input cell-is Sesabamis ujraSi SevitanoT pir-
    veli cvladis misamarTi, xolo Column Input cell-
    Si meore cvladis misamarTi
 6. OK.
       Sedegad miviRebT orcvladiani formuliT an-
gariSis Sedegebis cxrils




     ZiriTad terminTa leqsikoni



   inglisuri qarTuli          inglisuri qarTuli
   Accept      daSveba        Cancel      gauqmeba
   Across      gamWolad       Category    lategoria
   Add         mimateba       Cell        ujra
   Advanced    amaRlebuli     Change      Secvla
   After       imis Semdeg    Chart       diagrama
   Alignment   gasworeba      Chess       Wadraki
   Allow       nebis darTva   Clear       gasufTaveba
   Always      yovelTvis      Clipboard   buferuli
                                          mexsiereba
   And         da             Column      sveti
   Another     sxva           Combine     kombinireba
   Answer      pasuxi         Comma       mZime
   Area        are, zona      Comment     komentari
   Arrow       isari          Common      saerTo
inglisuri qarTuli              inglisuri qarTuli
As            rogorc           Confirm      dasturi
Assistant     damxmare         Constraint   SezRudva
Auditing      Semowmeba        Content      SigTavsi
Autocomple    avtoSevseba      Copy         asli
Auto fit      avt.misadageba   Create       Seqmna
Average       saS.ariTmetik.   Current      mimdinare
Avoid         gauqmeba         Custom       Cveuleba
Background    foni             Cut          amoWra
Begin         dawyeba          Data         monacemi
Border        CarCo            Define       gansazRvra
Bottom        qvemoT           Delete       waSla
Box           yuTi, ujredi     Depended     damokidebuli
By            - iT             Display      monitori
Calculation   gamoTvla         Divide       gayofa
Edit          redaqtireba      Down         qvemoT
Embedded      Canergili        Drag         gadatana
Enable        dasaSvebi        Drop         Cagdeba
End           bolo             Finish       dasasruli
Enter         Sesvla           Font         Srifti
Entire        sruli            For          --Tvis
Entitle       dasaTaureba      Format       formati
Equal         udris            From         iqidan
Error         Secdoma          General      mTavari
Fill          Sevseba          Go To        gadadi
Fillet        lenta            Goal         mizani
Filter        filtri           Greater      udidesi
Input         Setana           Group        jgufi
Insert        Casma            Handle       mimarTva
Item          punqti           Header       TavsarTi
Justify       Casworeba        Help         daxmareba
Keep          Senaxva          Hidden       damaluli
Name          saxeli           Hide         damalva
Natural       bunebrivi        Home         saxli, aq saw-
inglisuri qarTuli              inglisuri qarTuli
                                           yisi pozicia
New          axali             Icon        saxe
Next         Semdegi           If          Tu
Number       ricxvi            Indicate    miTiTeba
Office       samsaxuri         Label       Wde
Only         mxolod            Language    ena
Open         gaxsna            Left        marcxena
Options      arCevani          Less        umciresi
Original     sawyisi           Line        striqono
Outline      konturi           Link        kavSiri, bma
Page         gverdi            Linked      bmuli
Password     paroli            List        sia
Paste        Cawebeba          Location    adgili
Pattern      palitra           Locked      daketili
Percent      procenti          Manager     mmarTveli
Pick         arCeva            More        meti
Place        adgili            Move        moZraoba
Precedent    winamdebare       Multiply    gamravleba
Prevent      Tavidan aci-      Range       rangi
             leba
Properties   Tvisebebi         Read        wakiTxva
Protection   dacva             Ready       mzadyofna
Scientific   samecniero        Reconeil    SeTanxmeba
Seek         SerCeva, moZeb-   Reference   maxasiaTebeli
             na
Selection    arCeva            Remove      gadatana
Series       rigi, mwkrivi     Report      angariSi
Set          dayeneba          Restore     aRdgena
Shift        daZvra, gada-     Result      Sedegi
             adgileba
Show         Cveneba           Right       marjvniv
Subtotal     qvejami           Row         striqoni
Subtract     gamokleba         Rowdy       xmauriani
inglisuri qarTuli         inglisuri qarTuli
Summary     angariSi      Solver        amomxsneli
Symbol      simbolo       Sort          daxarisxeba
Unique      erTaderTi     Special       specialuri
Value       sidide        Spreadsheet   muSa-furceli
View        xedi          Structure     struqtura
Trace       kvali         Style         stili
Type        tipi          Subject       subieqti
Wizard      ostati (aq)   Table         cxrili
Worksheet   furceli       Target        mizani,samizne
What        ra            Than          ramdenadac
Window      fanjara       Then          maSin
With        --iT          Tool          instrumenti
Word        sityva        Top           zemoT
                          Topic         Tema
savarjiSoebi eqselSi



makro-brZanebaTa samsaxuri

     makro-brZanebis qveS igulisxmeva iseTi brZaneba,
romelic moicavs mraval elementalur operacias
(moqmedebas), romelTa relizacia xdeba
klaviaturidan Ctrl da romelime Rilakis
erTdrouli daWeriT, an piqtogramuli meniuSi
arsebuli makrosis gamSvebi Rilakidan (naCvenebi
iqneba konkretul magaliTze).
  magaliTi 1. teqstis Cawera erT UujraSi
      Umravalstriqoniani formatiT.
  davuSvaTG C3 ujraSi gvinda ganvaTavsoT teqsti
ramdenime striqoniT. Cveulebrivad es operacia
xorcieldeba Semdeg brZanebaTa Tanmimdevruli
SesrulebiT: Format/ Cells/Alignement/moiniSneba
sakontrolo ujra Wrap text/OK. qvemoT motanili
dialoguri fanjridan sCans bolo Sesrulebuli
brZanebebi.
  Sesrulebuli brZanebebis Sedegi Cans qvemo
suraTze.
 .




      igive moqmedebebis Sesruleba davavaloT
makrobrZanebaTamsaxurs moniSneT ujra sadac apirebT
naCveneb formatirebis elementTa dayenebas. Semdeg
SeasruleT operaciaTa Tanmimdevroba:
meniu Tools/macro/Record new macro
Sesrulebul operaciaTa Sedegad viRebT qvemoT
ganTavsebul dialogur fanjaras:
SesaZlebelia makros davarqvaT saxeli ujraSi
dasaxelebiT Macro name, ujraSi
Shortcut key CavsvamT (CavbeWdavT) romelime asos (Cvens
SemTxvevaSi aseTi asoa m. Rilakebis aseTi
                                kombinaciiT – Ctrl+m
                                moxdeba makros gaSveba
                                (Run). Store macro in
                                ujraSi asarCevad
                                gaxsnilia sia. Tu

                              Tqven     airCevT     This
                                                  Workbo
                                                      ok
maSin makro imuSavebs mxolod am konkretul wignSi,
Tu airCevT Personal macro Workbook misi moqmedeba

gavrceldeba eqselis nebismier wignSi muSaobisas,
bolos     New     Workbook-is    SemTxvevaSi    makrosi
ganekuTvneba axal gaxsnil wigns. ujraSi Description
SegiZliaT     damatebiT    SeitanoT     Tqveni   aRwera,
komentari am konkretuli makrosis Sesaxeb. mas
Semdeg rac gavaaqtiurebT Rilaks OK ekranze gamova
makrosis      damTavrebis-Stop      Recording      (aseve
SefardebiTi misamarTis gamoyenebis Relative Reference)
Rilaki,    imisaTvis raTa davafiqsiroT brZanebaTa
damTavrebis (SefardebiTi misamarTis gamoyenebis,
standartul variantSi eqseli iyenebs absolutur
misamarTebs) momenti. Semdeg sruldeba yvela saWiro
operacia (rac Semdgom avtomaturad unda Sesruldes
makrosis gaSvebiT) da bolos vaWerT Stop Recording
Rilaks. amiT damTavrebulia makrobrZanebis Seqmna.
SemdgomSi, roca saWiro iqneba romelime ujris
gansakuTrebuli saxiT formatireba (rac Cvens
SemTxvevas Seesabameba) sakmarisia moiniSnos es ujra
da daeWiros erTdroulad Ctrl da m klaviSas.
  makrosi iqmneba CaSenebuli (Bilding) viuJual
beisikis kodebSi. Tu gindaT naxoT Tu rogor
gamoiyureba Seqmnili makrobrZaneba, SeasruleT
Semdegi moqmedebebi: meniu/Tools/Macro/Macros/moniSneT
(makrosis saxeli)/Edit. Tqven dainaxavT makross
kodebSi:
  rogorc zemoT iyo naCvenebi es makrosi
                       uzrunvelyofs F3 ujris
                       formatirebas mravalstriqoniani
                       teqstis reJimiT.
                         dauSvaT Tqven gindaT am ujraSi
                       sqeli asoebis formati daamatoT.
                       SegiZliaT es gaakeToT mocemuli
                       makrosis kodebSi damatebiT
                       Canaweris SetaniT, romelic
aRwers Tqvens moTxovnas.
  realizacia: SevqmnaT kidev erTi makrosi:
meniu/Tools/Macro/Record New Macro/gamSveb Rilakad
mouniSneT n (Ctrl+n)/OK. moniSneT C3 ujra da daaWireT
   klaviSas, Semdeg ki Rilaks Stop Recording       .
CavixedoT axali makrosis kodebSi:
    moniSneT striqoni: Selection.Font. Bold = True,
    Copy-Paste – iT gadaitaneT pirveli makrosis
    kodebSi:




    aq naCvenebia mxolod fragmenti.

  am modificirebuli makrosis Sesrulebis Sedegad
miviRebT suraTs:
                         amgvarad makrosis
                       meSveobiT da misi
                       modificirebiT Tqven
                       SegiZliaT miaRwioT
                       operaciaTa (brZanebaTa)
                       mTeli masivis Sesrulebis
                       avtomatizacias. rac iZleva
                       did efeqts rTuli
operaciebis Sesrulebisas.




orucnobiani gantolebis amonaxsnebi
    magaliTi gakeTebulia safinanso funqciis PMT-s
gamoyenebisas. mivyveT amocanis amoxsnis msvlelobas.
ganxilulia investiciis Cadebis sxvadasxva varianti.
wliuri procentuli ganakveTisa da periodis
sxvadasxva mniSvnelobebisaTvis. B3-B5 ujrebSi
mocemulia sawyisi monacemebi. Sesabamisad: wliuri
ganakveTi 7%, periodi 36 Tve da Cadebuli Tanxa 50
000. C3 ujraSi gaangariSebulia Tviuri dividendi
mocemuli pirobebisaTvis.
     dauSvaT Tqven gainteresebT rogori iqneba
Tviuri Semosavali sawyis monacemTa sxvadasxva
kombinaciisaTvis. kerZod procentuli ganakveTis
Semdegi mniSvnelobebisaTvis: 3%, 5% da 8%. aseve
periodis mniSvnelobebisaTvis: 48 da 56 TvisaTvis.
Sedegs Tqven xedavT qvemoT motanili cxrilidan.
ujraTa intervalSi D3-E5 mocemulia Tviuri
dividendis sxvadasxva varintebi Sesabamisad
procentuli ganakveTebisa da investiciis Cadebis
periodebisaTvis.




   axla dawvrilebiT ganvixiloT mocemuli
gaTvlebis Tanmimdevroba:
   mas Semdeg rac sawyisi monacemebi ganvaTavseT
ujrebSi B3 B5, C3 - ujraSi vangariSobT Tviur
Semosavals safinanso funqciis PMT-is gamoyenebiT
(funqcias Tqven xedavT formulis panelze). Semdeg
igive svetSi sadac funqciis Sedegia, ujrebSi C3-C5
SeitanT saprocento ganakveTis (pirveli cvladis)
SesaZlo variantebs (magaliTSi 3, 5 da 8 procentia).
igive striqonSi Sedegis ujris gverdiT SeitanT
periodis (meore cvladis) SesaZlo variantebs
(variantebis                                  ricxvi
SemosazRvruli ar aris). Cven magaliTSi es
periodebia: 48 da 56. Semdeg moniSnavT ujraTa
intervals C3-E5. momdevno moqmedebaTa Tanmimdevroba
mocemulia gziT:
meniu/Data/Table . Sedegad miviRebT dilogur fanjaras:
     am dialogur fanjris areSi Row input cell
miTiTebulia misamarTi periodisa, areSi Column input
cell ki procentuli ganakvTis ujris misamarTi. OK-is
Semdeg Cven miviRebT suraTs, romelic gairCa
paragrafis dasawyisSi. K

statistikuri funqciebi


korelaciis koeficienti

   vTqvaT mocemuli gvaqvs monacemTa ori simravle.
imisaTvis raTa gamovikvlioT Tu ra SesaZlo kavSiri
arsebobs maxasiaTebelTa am or masivs Soris,
viyenebT statistikur funqcias CORREL .




   eqselis furclis fragmentidan sCans am funqciis
sintaqsi: CORREL [ujraTa pirveli are, ujraTa
meore are]. Sedegi miRebulia A7 ujraSi. igi tolia
0.997054486.
                                   funqcia
                           AVERAGEA
                              am funqciis sintaqsi
                           ase gamoiyureba:
                           AVERAGEA {pirveli
                           ricxvi, meore ricxvi, . }
                           gansxvavevbiT funqciisagan
                           AVERAGE, romelsac igive
                           sintaqsi aqvs, masSi
                           SeiZleba miTiTebuli
iqnas teqstur monacemebiani, logikuri Sinaarsis
(WeSmariti, mcdari) da agreTve carieli ujra. qvemoT
mocemuli suraTi amis demonstraciaa:
                                       yvela
                                    SemTxvevaSi
                                    saSualo
                                    ariTmetikuli
                                    erTidaigive
                                    ricxvia - 5.6.




funqcia beta ganawileba
  funqciis sintaqsi ase gamoiyureba:
  BETADIST{X, alpha, beta,[A], [B]}, sadac X aris A da -s
Soris moTavsebuli sidide, romlis mixedviTac xdeba
funqciis Sefaseba. alpha da beta ganawilebis
parametrebia. A intervalis qveda zRvaria, xolo B
Sesabamisad zeda zRvari.

                                    eqselis es
                                 fragmenti saSualebas
                                 iZleva gagebul iqnas
                                 beta ganawilebis arsi
                                 A svetSi asaxulia
                                 .monacemebi, B-Si ki
                                 maTi aRwera. A7
                                 ujraSi mocemulia
                                 funqcia da naTlad
                                 sCans misi sintaqsi
                                 (Caweris formati).
                                 qvemoT Sedegia
mocemuli:



   funqcia BETAINV
   funqcia warmoadgens beta ganawilebis inversias.
misi sintaqsia: BETAINV(probability,alpha,beta,A,B), sadac
probability beta ganawilebasTan asocirebuli
                                      albaTobaa, alpha
                                      da beta ganawilebis
                                      parametrebia. A da
                                      B Sesabamisad
                                      intervalis qveda
                                      da zeda zRvrebia.
                                          sademonstraci
                                      od gamotanili
                                      eqselis
                                      fragmentze
                                      xedavT pirvel
svetSi (A) monacemebs, xolo meoreSi (B) maT aRweras.
   Asvetis boloSi dafiqsirebulia funqcia
    BETAINV. iseve, rogorc wina funqciis axsnis
dros, miTiTebuli ar aris gza funqciis CarTvisa,
mxolod im TvalsazrisiT, rom igi analogiuria
yvela CarTuli funqciebisaTvis. bolo
SemTxvevisaTvis: moniSneT A8/gaaaqtiureT
  /kategoriebSi airCieT Statistical/funqciebSi airCevT
BETAINV-s/ OK. funqciis angariSis Sedegia 2.
                    .



funqcia Logest
   regresiul analizSi es funqcia iTvlis
eqsponencialur mruds, romelic axorcielebs
monacemTa aproqsimacias da sabolood iZleva im
mniSvnelobaTa masivs, romlebic aRweren xsenebul
mruds. ramdenadac es funqcia iZleva monacemTa
masivs, funqcia Setanil unda iqnas rogorc
masivebTan momuSave anu cxriluri (gavrcelebuli
garkveul arealze) formula.
klaviSaTa kombinacia, romelic amas uzrunvelyofs
aris: Ctrl+Shift+Enter (mas Semdeg rac formula
Setanilia).
   am funqciis sintaqsia: LOGEST(cnobili_y-ebi,
cnobili _x-ebi,konstanta,statistika)
   mrudis SesaZlo gantolebebs aqvT saxe:
   Y= b*m^x an Y=(b*(m1^x1)*(m2^x2) _) (roca x-
is^ramdenime mniSvneloba gvaqvs)
   Tu Y-is cnobili mniSvnelobebi ganTavsebulia
erT svetSi, X-is cnobili mniSvnelobebis masivSi
yoveli sveti aRiqmeba rogorc calke cvladi. asevea
striqonebis SemTxvevaSic.
    Tu argumenti X-is cnobili mniSvnelobebi
gamotovebulia, maSin igulisxmeva, rom es aris masivi
{1;2;3; , . } igive zomis rogoric Y-is cnobili
mniSvnelobebi. konstanta – es logikuri sididea,
romelic miuTiTebs saWiroa Tu ara, rom konstanta b
1-is toli iyos (mcdarobis SemTxvevaSi) an igi (b)
gamoTvlili iyos Cveulebrivad (WeSmaritobis
SemTxvevaSi).
                                statistika logikuri
                             sididea da miuTiTebs
                             saWiroa Tu ara damatebiTi
                             statistika regresiis
                             mixedviT. svetSi A
                             mocemulia X-is cnobili
                             mniSvnelobebi, B svetSi Y-is
                             cnobili mniSvnelobebi. A9
                             ujraSi Segvaqvs formula:


                             =LOGEST(B2:B7,A2:A7, TRUE,
                          TRUE). formula unda
                            SevitanoT rogorc
                            cxriluri (arealis)
                            formula. misi Setanis wesi
                            aseTia: movniSnavT ares
A9:B13, vaWerT F2-s da Semdeg erTdroulad 3 klaviSas
Ctrl+Shift+Enter. Sedegad A9:B13 areSi Cven miviRebT
koeficientebis b da m-is mniSvnelobebs.




funqcia GROWTH
  funqcia iTvlis prognozirebad eqsponencialur
zrdas arsebuli monacemebis safuZvelze. funqcis
Sedegia Y mimdevrobis mniSvnelobebi axali X
mimdevrobisaTvis, roca mocemulia X da Y –s wina
mniSvnelobebi. funqcia GROWTH SeiZleba gamoyenebul
iqnas agreTve eqsponencialuri mrudis x da y
arsebuli mniSnelobebis aproqsimirebisaTvis.
   funqciis sintaqsi ase gamoiyureba:
   GROWTH (y-is cnobili mniSvnelobebi, x-is cnobili
mniSvnelobebi, x-is axali mniSvnelobebi, konstanta).
inglisuri varianti am funqciis sintaqsisa Semdegi
saxisaa: GROWTH(known_y's,known_x's,new_x's,const).
   funqcia Seesabameba gantolebas y=b*m^x
   Tu X-s cnobili mniSvnelobebi gamotovebulia,
igulisxmeva, rom igi aris masivi: {1,2,3,…. . . } da aqvs
igive zoma rogorc y masivs.
   konstanta logikuri sididea da miuTiTebs imaze,
koeficienti b 1-is toli iqneba Tu ara.
   Tu konstanta gamotovebulia an erTis tolia,
maSin koeficienti b gamoivleba Cveulebrivad, xolo
Tu konstanta mcdaria maSin b erTis tolia.
   funqciis gamoTvlis dros formula Setanili
unda iyos rogorc masivis (cxriluri) formula.
   eqselis am fragmentidan Cans mocemuli funqciis
gamoyenebis magaliTi, roca mocemulia eqvsi Tvis
gayidul erTeulTa raodenoba da mis safuZvelze
vangariSobT momavali ori TvisaTvis gayidul
erTeulTa zrdas.
   eqselis am fragmentze gamoTvlilia (C svetSi)
iseTi varianti sadac konsatanta gamotovebulia.
formula dafiqsirebulia formulis panelze.



funqcia TREND
    funqcia abrunebs (iTvlis) mniSvnelobebs wrfivi
tendenciis mimarTulebiT (gaswvriv).
    funqciis sintaqsia: TREND(known_y's,known_x's,new_x's,const)
, anu TREND(y-s cnobili mniSvnelobebi, x-s cnobili
mniSvnelobebi, x-is axali mniSvnelobebi, konstanta).
    y-s cnobili mniSvnelobebi es im sidideTa masivia,
romelic iTvleba gantolebidan: y = mx + b. Tu y-s
cnobili mniSvnelobebi warmoadgenen calkeul svets,
maSin x-s cnobili mniSvnelobebis yoveli sveti
interpretirebuli iqneba rogorc calkeuli cvladi.
igivea striqonobrivi cvladebis SemTxvevaSic. x-is
axali mniSvnelobebi is sidideebia, romelTa
mimarTac gvinda davadginoT tendencia. Tu x-is
cnobili mniSvnelobebi gamotovebulia maSin,
rogorc wesi isini CaiTvlebian Semdegi sididis
tolad: {1,2,3,...}. Tu gamotovebT x-is axal
mniSvnelobebs, maSin isini CaiTvlebian x-is cnobili
mniSvnelobebis tolad.
     kontanta logikuri sididea da miuTiTebs imaze,
b (formulidan) aris Tu ara 0-is toli. Tu konstanta
WeSmaritia an 0-is tolia, maSin b gamoivleba
normalurad. Tu konstanta mcdaria, maSin b –s masivi
0-ia da m –is mniSvnelobebi dazustdeba tolobidan: y
= mx.

    formula Setanili unda iyos rogorc
cxriluri (garkveul areze gavrcelebuli) formula.
SegaxsenebT Setanis wess: moiniSneba are, razec
vrceldeba formulis moqmedeba (dawyebuli
formuliani ujridan), daaWerT F2 klaviSas da Semdeg
erTdroulad klaviSaTa kombinacias: Ctrl+Sift+Enter.

    axla vnaxoT konkretuli magaliTi




     qvemo fragmentze Cans C2-is formula.
    gansxvavebiT wina fragmentze mocemuli
formulisa, bolo SemTxvevaSi konstanta (logikuri
sidide) gamotovebulia. amitom funqcia TREND-i C
svetSi gvaZlevs Rirebulebis Sesabamis gaTvlebs.


         -   35

klaviSaTa ra kombinaciebi arsebobs eqselSi
swrafad samuSaod


klaviSebi daxmarebisa da informaciisaTvis

    klaviSebi         funqcia (moqmedeba)
       F1          gamoitans daxmarebis fanjaras
                         amoirCevs daxmarebis
   ALT+ricxvi               elements siidan
                            nomris mixedviT
                  daxmarebis elementTa siaSi
   ALT+DOWN           amoirCev Semdgomebs
    ARROW
                           (damatebiTs)
                       siidan irCevs wina
  ALT+UP ARROW
                            elementebs
                       xuravs daxmarebis
       ESC
                    Setyobinebas an rCevas
                               daxmarebis
                        dialogur fanjridan
       TAB
                          amoiRebs Rilaks

    SPACEBAR,        gamoaCens daxmarebis
    daxmarebis        asistents Sesabamis
                    dialogur fanjarasTan
  RilakTan                  erTad.
    klaviSebi          funqcia (moqmedeba)
     erTad
                   am RilakiT xdeba gadarTva
        F6         daxmarebis punqtebs Soris

                    irCevs Semdgom damalul
                     teqsts an hiperkavSirs,
       TAB            yvelafris damalva an
                        yvelafris gamoCena
                      irCevs wina damalul
    SHIFT+TAB       teqsts an hiperkavSirs an
                         mimoxilvis reJims
                     gamoitans menius punqts
      ALT+O
                               Options




klaviSebi ofisis interfeisisaTvis

klaviSebi            funqcia (moqmedeba)
ALT+TAB         Semdeg programaze gadarTva

ALT+SHIFT+TAB wina programaze dabruneba
CTRL+ESC      vindouzis start menius
              gaxsnis
CTRL+W or     daxuravs amorCeul
CTRL+F4       samuSaowignis fanjaras
CTRL+F5       amorCeul wignSi aRadgens
              fanjris zomas
SHIFT+F6      samuSao furclis Semdgom
              panelze gadava (gamyofis
              SemTxvevaSi)
CTRL+F6       roca ramdenime wignia
              gaxsnili, gadarTavs
klaviSebi              funqcia (moqmedeba)
                 Semdgomze
CTRL+SHIFT+F6    gadarTva wina wignis
                 fanjaraze
CTRL+F9          wignis fanjaras simboloSi
                 gadaiyvans
CTRL+F10         aRadgens an minimizirebas
                 gaukeTebs amorCeul wigns
PRTSCR           buferul mexsierebaSi
                 gadaitans ekranze moTavsebul
                 gamosaxulebas
ALT+PRINT        amorceul fanjris suraTs
SCREEN           gadaitans buferSi

F6               gadasvla xdeba davalebaTa
                 panoze
CTRL+TAB         Tu gaaqtiurebulia meniu
                 (piqt. meniu) gadadis
                 davalebis panoze
TAB an           roca davalebis pano
SHIFT+TAB        gaaqtiurebulia irCevs masSi
                 sxvadasxva opciebs
CTRL+DOWN        davalebis panos meniuSi
ARROW            aCvenebs mTlian brZanebaTa
                 masivs
CTRL+HOME an     amorCeul siaSi gadadis TavSi
CTRL+END         an boloSi




meniusa da piqtogramuli menius gamoyeneba

klaviSebi               funqcia (moqmedeba)
F10 or ALT        menius panelis amorCeva an
                  meniusa da qvemenius
klaviSebi            funqcia (moqmedeba)
               erTdrouli daxurva
TAB or         piqt. meniu roca arCeulia
SHIFT+TAB      irCevs Semdgom Rilaks
CTRL+TAB or    gaaqtiurebuli piqt.menius
CTRL+SHIFT+TAB dros irCevs Semdgom an wina
               piqt. menius
ENTER          xsnis arCeul menius an
               brZanebas asrulebs
SHIFT+F10      amorCeuli elementisaTvis
               gamoitans konteqstur menius
DOWN ARROW or roca meniu (an qvemeniu)
UP ARROW       arCeulia, aaqtiurebs wina an
               momdevno brZanebas
HOME or END    meniuSi an qvemeniuSi irCevs
               pirvel an bolo brZanebas
ESC            daxuravs gaxsnil menius an
               qvemenius
CTRL+DOWN      meniuSi gamoaCens brZanebaTa
ARROW          srul sias
CTRL+7         CarTavs an gamorTavs
               standartul piqt. menius

    P

piqtogr. meniuebisa da davalebaTa fanjris
gadaadgileba da zomebis Secvla
 klaviSebi              funqcia (moqmedeba)
 ALT              menius panelis gaaqtiureba
 CTRL+TAB         piqt. menius an, davalebaTa
                  panos arCeva vaWerT manam ar
                  gamova sasurveli
 CTRL+SPACE         piqt. menius punqtis Toolbar
                           Options gaxsna.
 piqtogramuli menius zomis Secvla:
       1. roca piqt. meniu gaaqtiurebulia (misi
          gaaqtiureba xdeba jer Alt-is, Semdeg ki
          Ctrl+Tab daWeriT) daaWireT CTRL+SPACE
          raTa gaixsnas meniu Toolbar Options

       2. airCieT brZaneba Size da Semdeg daaWireT
          ENTER-s

       3.    gamoiyeneT isrebiani (mimarTulebis)
            klaviSebi da daayeneT sasurveli zoma.




 piqtogramuli menius gadaadgileba
      gaaqtiureT piqt. meniu – Alt/ CTRL+SPACE.

1.     daWireT CTRL+SPACE

2.     airCieT brZaneba Move da daaWireT ENTER - s

3.      gamoiyeneT isrebiani klaviSebi menius sasurvel
     poziciaSi dasafiqsireblad. daaWireT CTRL+isars
     Tu erTi piqseliT gindaT gadaadgiloT sasurveli
     mimarTulebiT.




gadaadgileba dialogur fanjaraSi
 klaviSebi          funqcia (moqmedeba)

     TAB            momdevno punqtze gadasvla
klaviSebi              funqcia (moqmedeba)
SHIFT+TAB       winamdebare punqtze dabruneba
CTRL+TAB an     dialoguri fanjris winamdebare
CTRL+PAGE       CarTul panelze gadasvla
DOWN




samuSao furcelSi muSaoba
 klaviSebi           funqcia (moqmedeba)
 SHIFT+F11 an CarTavs axal samuSao furcels
 ALT+SHIFT+F1
 CTRL+PAGE    gadaadgileba Semdgom
 DOWN         furcelze

CTRL+PAGE       winamdebare furcelze gadasvla
UP
SHIFT+CTRL+     xdeba arCeva mimdinare da
PAGE DOWN       Semdgomi furclisa. arCevis
                gasauqmebladD aWerT:
                CTRL+PAGE DOWN. sxva
                furclis asarCevad daaWireT:
                CTRL+PAGE UP
SHIFT+CTRL+     airCevs mimdinare da wina
PAGE UP         furcels
ALT+O H R       furclis saxelis gadarqmeva
(igulisxmeva    O - Format
rigrigobiT      H – Sheet
daWera          R - Rename
Rilakebze O ,
H,R)

ALT+E M         mimdinare furcels
klaviSebi             funqcia (moqmedeba)
               gadaaadgilebs an asls aiRebs
ALT+E L        mimdinare furclis waSla




samuSao furcelSi moZraoba, gadaadgileba
 klaviSebi            funqcia (moqmedeba)
 isrebiani     gadadgileba Sesabamisi
 Rilakebi      mimarTulebiT
 CTRL+arrow    moncemTa mimdinare arealSi
 key (mimarT.) napirze gadaadgileba
               (sazRvarze)
 HOME          gadaadgileba striqonis
               dasawyisSi
 CTRL+HOME     gadaadgileba furclis
               dasawyisSi
 CTRL+END      furclis bolo ujraSi
               gadaadgileba
 ALT+PAGE      marjvniv erTi ekraniT
 DOWN
 ALT+PAGE UP erTi ekraniT marcxniv

CTRL+BACK      aqtiuri ujris saCvenebeli
SPACE          moZraoba
F5             gamoitans gadasvlis dialogur
               fanjaras Go To
SHIFT+F5       gamoitans Zebnis dialogur
               fanjaras Find
SHIFT+F4       imeorebs bolo Zebnas, igivea
               rac Find Next
ujrebisa da monacemebis arCeva (moniSvna)
 klaviSebi            funqcia (moqmedeba)
 CTRL+SPACE    amoirCevs mTlian svets
 BAR
 SHIFT+SPACE mTliani striqonis arCeva
 BAR
 CTRL+A        mTliani furclis arCeva

SHIFT+BACKS    mravali, arCeuli ujrebidan
PACE           amoirCevs mxolod aqtiurs
CTRL+SHIFT+    erT amorCeul obieqtTan erTad
SPACEBAR       irCevs
CTRL+6         alternatiulad gadadis
               damalul da gaxsnil obieqtebs
               Soris (obieqtTa CarCoebze)
CTRL+SHIFT+    aqtiuri ujris garSemo irCevs
* (asterisk)   mimdinare ares (carieli
               striqoniT an carieli svetiT
               SemosazRvruls)
CTRL+/         irCevs areals, romelic Seicavs
               aqtiur ujras
CTRL+SHIFT+    irCevs yvela im ujras,
O (aso O)      romlebic Seicaven komentars
CTRL+\         amorCeul striqonSi gamoyofs
               ujrebs, romelTa SigTavsi ar
               aRemateba aqtiur ujris sidides
CTRL+SHIFT+|   gamoyofil svetSi, airCevs
               ujrebs, romelTa mniSvnelobebi
               ar aRematebian aqtiuris
               mniSvnelobas
CTRL+[ (Ria)   amoirCevs yvela im ujras,
               romlebic monawileoben
klaviSebi            funqcia (moqmedeba)
              moniSnul formulaSi
CTRL+SHIFT+{ moniSnavs yvela ujras,
(gaxsnili)    romlebic pirdapir Tu
              arapirdapir monwileoben
              arCeul formulaSi
CTRL+]        amoirCevs yvela im ujras,
(daxuruli)    romel gaTvlebSiac pirdapir
              monawileobs aqtiuri ujra
CTRL+SHIFT+} amoirCevs formulian ujrebs,
(daxuruli)    romlebSic pirdapir Tu
              arapirdapir monawileobs
              aqtiuri ujra
ALT+;         mimdinare moniSnul areSi
(wertilmZime) gamoyofs im ujrebs, romlebic
              Canan




monacemTa Setana
 klaviSebi             funqcia (moqmedeba)
 ALT+ENTER      imave ujraSi daiwyeba axali
                xazidan
 CTRL+ENTER mimdinare SenataniT Seavsebs
                moniSnul ujraTa ares
 ESC            ujris Sevsebis ugulvebelyofa
 HOME           gadaadgileba striqonis TavSi
 F4 or CTRL+ Y bolo moqmedebis gameoreba
klaviSebi              funqcia (moqmedeba)
CTRL+SHIFT+     striqonisa da svetis Wdeebidan
F3              qmnis saxelebs




CTRL+D          Sevseba qvemoT

CTRL+R          Sevseba marjvniv

CTRL+F3         saxelis gansazRvra

CTRL+K          hiperteqsturi kavSiris Casma
CTRL+; (wert.   TariRis Setana
mZime)
CTRL+SHIFT+:    drois Setana
(2wertili)

ALT+DOWN        gamoitans svetSi Setanili
ARROW           obieqtebis sias (araganmeorebad)
CTRL+Z          bolo moqmedebis gauqmeba
formulis Setana da gaTvlebi
 klaviSebi            funqcia (moqmedeba)
 F2            formulis ujraSi sididis
               nacvlad gamoCndeba formula da
               moiniSneba masSi monawile
               ujrebi
 CTRL+SHIFT+ formulis, rogorc arealze
 ENTER         gavrcelebuli formulis Setana
 SHIFT+F3      formulaSi Semoitans dialogur
               fanjaras Insert Function
 CTRL+A        roca kursori funqciis
               dasaxelebis marjvniv
               mdebareobs, aCvenebs funqciis
               argumentebis dialogur
               fanjaras
 F3            formulaSi Casvams saxelis
               gansazRvris dial. fanjaras
 ALT+= (udris ujraSi Casvams avtomaturi
 niSani)       jamis formulas funqciiT SUM
 CTRL+SHIFT+ ujraSi, an formulis panelSi
 " (brWyalebi) gadaitans asls aqtiuri ujris
               zeda ujridan
 CTRL+'        formulis asls gadmoitans
 (apostrofi)   aqtiuri ujris zeda ujridan




monacemTa redaqtireba
 klaviSebi            funqcia (moqmedeba)
 ALT+ENTER     axal xazs daiwyebs igive
               ujraSi
klaviSebi             funqcia (moqmedeba)
F7             gamoitans marTlweris Semowmebis
               dial. fanjaras


makrosebze muSaoba
 klaviSebi           funqcia (moqmedeba)
 ALT+F8              gamoitans dial. fanjaras
                     Macro
ALT+F11         gamoitans Visual Basic-is
                redaqtirebis fanjaras
CTRL+F11        CarTavs Microsoft Excel 4.0- is
                makro-furcels




siebze muSaoba
 klaviSebi             funqcia (moqmedeba)
 ALT+DOWN      gamoitans PivotTable (dinamiuri
 ARROW         cxrilebi) an PivotChart
               angariSebidan velebis sias
 UP ARROW       siidan irCevs wina elements
 DOWN          siaSi irCevs Semdgom elements
 ARROW


diagramebTan muSaoba
 klaviSebi             funqcia (moqmedeba)
 F11 an ALT+F1 mimdinare ujraTa rangis
                safuZvelze qmnis diagramas
 CTRL+PAGE     irCevs diagramaTa furcels,
 DOWN          arsebuli diagramebidan irCevs
               Semdgoms
 CTRL+PAGE      irCevs diagramis (moniSnavs)
klaviSebi                funqcia (moqmedeba)
UP                furcels,
                  irCevs winamdebare diagramas
DOWN             moniSnavs elementebis wina jgufs
ARROW            diagramaSi

UP ARROW         moniSnavs diagramis Semdgom
                 elementebs
RIGHT            diagramis elementTa Soris
ARROW            irCevs Semdgoms
LEFT ARROW       moniSnavs diagramis elementTa
                 Soris winamdebares




sakontrolo kiTxvebi

 1.     ra aris eqselis is ZiriTadi Tviseba, romlis
      gamoc misi gamoyeneba Seucvlel samsaxurs gvi-
      wevs?
 2.     raSi mdgomareobs eqselis instrumentuli pane-
      lis awyobis idea da rogoria misi Sesrulebis
      gza?
 3.     ra saSualebebia monacemTa (siebis) Setanis da-
      saCqareblad?
 4.     rogor xdeba saWiro areze an ujraze gadas-
      vla?
 5.     daasabuTeT komentaris (SeniSvnebis) gamoyenebis
      mizanSewoniloba da aCveneT misi Casmis gza.
 6.     raSi mdgomareobs diapazonisaTvis (ujrisaTvis)
      saxelis miniWebis upiratesoba?
7.      ra SemTxvevaSia gamarTlebuli samuSao fur-
      celze gamoTvlili sididis nacvlad formulis
      Cveneba?
8.      ras warmoadgenen absoluturi da SefardebiTi
      misamarTebi? axseniT formulebis aslebis gada-
      Rebis procesSi.
9.      ris saSualebiT xdeba diapazonis swrafi Sefa-
      seba?
10.     axseniT parametris SerCevis mizani. uCveneT rea-
      lizaciis gza.
11.     romel funqcias iyenebT xSirad gaTvlebSi? Se-
      ecadeT funqciis arsi axsnaT daxmarebis (Help)
      gamoyenebiT.
12.     dacvis ra saSualebebi arsebobs? TiToeuli-
      saTvis gansazRvreT maTi gamoyenebis mizanSewo-
      niloba.
13.     dasaSveb mniSvnelobaTa gansazRvra calkeuli
      ujrebisaTvis da Semowmebis saSualebebi. rali-
      zaciis gzebi.
14.     rogor miviRoT monacemTa calkeuli jgufebi-
      saTvis gamoTvlil sidideTa sxvadasxva variante-
      bis angariSebi? ra saSualebebia amisaTvis?
15.     daasaxeleT operaciis magaliTi, sadac gamoye-
      nebuli iqneba parametris SerCeva romelime
      rTul gaTvlasTan erTad.
16.     rogor gaviTvaliswinoT parametris SerCevisas
      garkveuli ezRudvebi? daasaxeleT realizaciis
      saSualeba.
17.     SeiZleba Tu ara erTdroulad ramdenime para-
      metris SerCeva? rogor?
18.     rogor SeiZleba parametris SerCevis realiza-
      cia diagramis safuZvelze?
19.     raSi mdgomareobs rTuli filtris relizaciis
      principi?
20.     riT aris gamowveuli Sualeduri gaTvlebis au-
      cilebloba? aCveneT realizaciis gza.
21. aCveneT krebsiTi cxrilebis miRebis gza, sxva-
   dasxva kriteriumis CvenebiT.
22. ras warmoadgens erTcvladiani da orcvladia-
   ni monacemTa cxrili? axseniT maTi daniSnuleba
   da relizaciis gza.




                    sarCevi
WINDOWS ___________________________________
T        T                                               2
sad unda inaxos informacia kompiuteris
T




maxasiaTeblebis Sesaxeb. ______________________
                        T                                3
rogor ganisazRvreba myar diskoze (disketaze)
T




Tavisufali da gamoyenebuli sivrcis tevadoba __
                                             T           4
rogor unda Seicvalos fanjris maxasiaTeblebi _
T                                                T       5
rogor SeiZleba ekranis dasvenebis reJimidan
T




gamosvlis blokireba. _________________________
                    T                                    6
rogor davayenoT axali (gansxvavebuli) Sriftebi.
T                                                    T   8
 kompiuteri CairTveba Tu ara, gvinda gaeSvas
 T




 konkretuli programa (faili). _________________ 9  T




 rogor davmaloT failebi (folderebi) da
 T




 gamovaCinoT damalulebi. ______________________ 11
                                           T




 gvinda SevcvaloT urnisaTvis rezervirebuli
 T




 tevadoba, zogjer ar gvinda waSlili failebi
 moxvdnen urnaSi da ar gvinda gamotanil iqnas
 waSlis damadasturebeli Setyobineba. ___________12         T




 gvinda SevcvaloT davalebaTa panelis
 T




 maxasiaTeblebi _______________________________14
                       T




 rogor gavuSvaT (CavrToT) operatiulad arCeuli
 T




 programebi (failebi). _________________________15
                               T




 rogor SeiZleba sabeWdi mowyobilobis dayeneba __16
 T                                                                     T




 ras niSnavs myari diskos defragmentacia da rogor
 T




 SevasruloT es operacia ______________________16
                                       T




 ras niSnavs failis iarliyi (Shortcut) da rogor
 T




 SevqmnaT igi _________________________________17
                   T




 Start – meniuSi rogor Cavsva an amoviRo programebi
 T                                                                             T




  ____________________________________________18
 klaviaturis ra klaviSebiT an maTi ra
 T




 kombinaciebiT aris SesaZlebeli Windows – is
 calkeul operaciaTa Sesruleba. ______________ 20       T




♦ klaviSebi gansakuTrebuli SemTxvevebisaTvis
     T                                                         T




 teqsturi redaqtori - word __________________ 24
 T




 rogor davaCqaroT Sriftebis gadarTva, maTi zomis
 T




 swrafi Secvla? _____________________________ 25
                           T




 rogor movxsnaT momxmareblis mier daniSnuli
 T




 klaviSebis funqciebi. ________________________ 27
                                   T




 rogor vimuSaoT erTdroulad ramdenime
 T




 dokumentSi. _________________________________ 28
               T




 rogor aRvadginoT minimizirebuli dokumenti
 T                                               32                        T




 rogor davayenoT parametrebi ekranis meti an
 T




 naklebi aris gamosaCenad ______________________33
                                               T




 rogor SevqmnaT dokumentis (failis) asli sxva
 T




 folderSi ___________________________________33
           T




 rogor gadavitanoT (failis moZraoba) faili __ 34
 T                                                                 T
 rogor SevucvaloT saxeli fails ______________35
   T                                                                       T




 rogor davakavSiroT sxvadasxva tipis failebi
   T




 ofisis kalaTis (Office Binder) gamoyenebiT _______ 36                                         T




 dokumentis swrafi damaxsovrebis organizacia __ 37
   T                                                                                                   T




 rogor SevamciroT dokumentis (failis) zoma ____38
   T                                                                                               T




 rogor gavxsnaT dokumenti myar diskoze an
   T




 qselSi _____________________________________ 39
                 T




 rogor gavxsnaT dokumenti reJimSi “mxolod
   T




 wasakiTxad” __________________________________41
                                         T




 rogor SevinaxoT dokumenti sxvadasxva versiebSi 42
   T                                                                                                           T




 rogor unda dadges standartuli (muSa) folderi
   T




 Open da Save- is dialogur fanjrebSi __________ 43                                 T




 rogor ganisazRvreba im dokumentebis ricxvi,
   T




 romlebic redaqtirebulni iyvnen axlo warsulSi
 da fiqsirdebian meniuSi File __________________ 44          T




 rogor avirCioT erTdroulad ramdenime dokumenti
   T




 (failis) ____________________________________ 44
                             T




 saWiroa qselis mowyobilobaze mierTeba _______ 45
   T                                                                                       T




 ra funqciebi aqvT piqtogramul meniuTa calkeul
   T




 Rilakebs (brZanebebs) ________________________ 46
                                                 T




♦ Word - is standartuli piqtogramuli meniu
       T




 (Toolbar) ..................................................................................................46
                     T




♦ formatirebis piqtogramuli meniu ........................48
       T                                                                       T




♦ samarTavi instrumentebis piqtogramuli meniu 49
       T                                                                                                   T




 rogor SevqmnaT axali dokumenti _______________51
   T                                                                   T




 saWiroa Seiqmnas standartuli dokumenti e.w.
   T




 Sabloni _____________________________________51
                         T




 SesaZlebelia Tu ara internetis gverdis Seqmna
   T




 Word-is garemoSi _____________________________53
                                             T




 Web gverdis Seqmna Wizard-is an Sablonis
   T




 gamoyenebiT __________________________________53
                                 T




 rogor davimaxsovro Word-dokumenti HTML
   T




 formatSi (anu Sevasrulo konvertireba) _______ 54                                      T




 rogoria sxvadasxva tipis dokumentebis Seqmnis
   T




 saerTo gza _________________________________ 54
                                     T
 rogor CavsavaT gaxsnil dokumentSi sxva dokumenti
   T                                                                                                        T




  ___________________________________________ 55
 dokumentis damaxsovrebis ra SemTxvevebi arsebobs
   T                                                                                                    T




  ___________________________________________ 56
 aqtiuri dokumentisaTvis rogor unda Seiqmnes
   T




 failis maxasiaTeblebi _______________________ 58               T




 rogor xorcieldeba dokumentis SigniT
   T




 gadaadgileba _______________________________ 59T




 rogor xdeba teqstisa da grafikuli elementis
   T




 waSla ______________________________________ 60
              T




 rogor xorcieldeba teqstis an grafikis gadatana
   T




 da kopireba __________________________________61
                                T




 meniuSi brZanebis (punqtis) damateba ___________ 62
   T                                                                        T




 rogor Sevasrulo raime brZaneba klaviaturidan 63
   T                                                                                                T




 rogor davamatoT marTvis pultze (Toolbar) saWiro
   T




 brZaneba (Rilaki) ____________________________ 64      T




 rogoria mTavari menius brZanebaTa funqciebi da
   T




 maTi Sesabamisi klaviSebi ____________________ 65                  T




♦ meniu - File ........................................................................................65
       T                    T




♦ meniu – Edit ....................................................................................67
       T                                    T




♦ meniu – Edit ....................................................................................68
       T                                    T




♦ meniu - View .....................................................................................69
       T                                T




♦ meniu-Insert .......................................................................................70
       T                            T




♦ meniu Help ........................................................................................76
       T                T




 rogor unda gamravldes erTi werili
   T




 eleqtronuli fostis ramdenime adresatisaTvis _ 77                                               T




 redaqtirebis ra ZiriTadi elementebia cxrilis
   T




 formirebisaTvis______________________________81    T




 rogor xdeba cxrilSi formulebis Sedgena da
   T




 gamoTvlebis warmoeba _________________________83           T




 rogor SevadginoT gantoleba _________________ 85
   T                                                                    T




 dokumentis gaformebis ra ZiriTadi saSualebebi
   T




 arsebobs ___________________________________ 86
                    T
  rogor Cavsva sqolio (gverdis boloSi an
   T




  dokumentis boloSi dasmuli SeniSvnebi) ______ 87                                              T




  rogor aRiwereba dokumentis sxvasxva elementi _ 89
   T                                                                                                           T




  rogor xdeba avtomaturad sarCevis (Sinaarsis)
   T




  formireba __________________________________ 90
                                           T




  ra roli eniWeba Word-Si makrobrZanebebis
   T




  samsaxurs ____________________________________91
                                   T




♦ ♦ redaqtirebisa da formatirebis procesis
       T       T       T




 daCqareba; .............................................................................................92
                               T




  rogor davamatoT mTavar meniuSi raime brZaneba
   T




  (punqti)_____________________________________ 95
                           T




  rogor davuniSnoT klaviaturis romelime klaviSa
   T




  an klaviSebis kombinacia konkretuli brZanebis
  Sesrulebas _________________________________ 96  T




  saWiroa marTvis pultze (Toolbar) davamatoT axali
   T




  brZanebis Sesabamisi Rilaki___________________ 97                            T




  rogor CavsvaT sxvadasxva grafikuli elementi __ 98
   T                                                                                                       T




♦ • klipebis Casma ....................................................................99
       T   T           T                                               T




♦     naxatis gadmotana sxva failidan......................99
       T                                                                           T




  rogor davicvaT dokumenti arasanqcirebuli
   T




  gaxsnisagan. _________________________________ 100
                                               T




♦     dokumenti mxolod wakiTxvisaTvis ................ 101
       T                                                                               T




   saWiroa dokumentis formirebisaTvis sxva
   T




   dokumentze (dokumentebze) mimarTva, kavSiri. ___ 102                                            T




   klaviSaTa ra gansakuTrebuli kombinaciebiarsebobs
   T




   operaciaTa dasaCqareblad ____________________ 110                       T




     savarjiSoebi____________________________ 112
                   T                                               T




♦ savarjiSo 1 ................................................................................. 113
       T                                               T




♦ savarjiSo 2 .............................................................................. 116
       T                                                       T




♦ savarjiSo 3 .............................................................................. 118
       T                                                   T




   eqseli
   T         __________________________________ 122
                                       T




   ra daniSnuleba aqvT eleqtronul cxrilebs ___ 122
   T                                                                                               T




   ras warmoadgens gamoyenebiTi programa Excel ___ 123
   T                                                                                                   T




   ra aris samuSao furceli (Spreadsheet) ________ 124
   T                                                                                       T
rogor xdeba gadaadgileba eqselSi ___________ 128
T                                                            T




ra daniSnuleba aqvs eqselis instrumentebis
T




panels _____________________________________ 131
          T




ra SesaZleblobebi gaaCnia daxmarebis samsaxurs
T




eqselSi ____________________________________ 134
              T




rogor xdeba monacemTa Setana ________________ 135
T                                T




ras niSnavs ujraTa avtomaturi Sevseba ________ 138
T                                                                                    T




rogor xorcieldeba siebTan muSaoba __________ 139
T                                                                    T




ujraTa amorCevis ra xerxebi arsebobs _________ 142
T                                                                            T




rogor xdeba gadatana da aslis miReba ________ 144
T                                                                                T




ras niSnavs monacemebis danergva da ___________ 148
T                                                                T




dakavSireba _________________________________ 148
T                 T




rogor xdeba diapazonze saxelebis miniWeba ____ 150
T                                                                                                    T




rogor xorcieldeba formulebis realizacia __ 152
T                                                                                                            T




rogor miiReba formulebis asli ______________ 156
T                                                T




rogor xorcieldeba gadatanis operacia _______ 157
T                                                                                            T




SeiZleba Tu ara diapazonis swrafi Sefaseba ___ 159
T                                                                                                        T




rogor viyenebT formulis Sevsebis samsaxurs __ 160
T                                                                                                                T




rogor xorcieldeba gamoTvlebi brZanebiT Paste
T




Special ______________________________________________163
      T




ras emsaxureba brZaneba Goal Seek. ______________ 164
T                                            T




ras emsaxureba eqselSi funqciebi _____________ 166
T                                                    T




ra ZiriTadi maTematikuri da trigonometriuli
T




funqciebia eqselSi __________________________ 168
                          T




statistikuri funqciebis gamoyenebis ra
T




magaliTebia. ________________________________ 172
                      T




dacvis ra saSualebebia eqselSi ______________ 176
T                                        T




rogor xdeba damokidebuli ujrebis daTvaliereba
T                                                                                                                            T




 ___________________________________________ 180
ras emsaxureba scenarebis aparati _____________ 183
T                                                        T




rogor gamoviyeno gamomTvleli Solver __________ 189
T                                                                        T




rogor xdeba diagramebis ageba eqselSi _______ 192
T                                                                                        T




rogor xdeba siebis damuSaveba ________________ 197
T                                    T




rogor gavfiltroT sia mocemuli kriteriumiT _ 199
T                                                                                                                    T




rogor xdeba rTuli filtris realizacia _____203
T                                                                                                T




rogor sruldeba Sualeduri gaTvlebi (Subtotals) 205
T                                                                                                                        T
  rogor miviRoT krebsiTi cxrilebi (Pivot Table
  T




  Report) ______________________________________207
                T




  rogor avagoT erTcvladiani monacemTa cxrili _ 211
  T                                                                                                                                      T




  rogor aigeba orcvladiani monacemTa cxrili __ 213
  T                                                                                                                                  T




       ZiriTad terminTa leqsikoni ____________ 214
            T                                                                                    T




 savarjiSoebi eqselSi ________________________ 218
  T                                                      T




♦ makro-brZanebaTa samsaxuri..........................................218
      T                                                                          T




♦ orucnobiani gantolebis amonaxsnebi .............. 222
      T                                                                                                          T




 statistikuri funqciebi ______________________224
  T                                                                  T




♦ korelaciis koeficienti............................................... 224
      T                                                                      T




♦ funqcia beta ganawileba ............................................... 225
      T                                                                  T




♦ funqcia Logest .......................................................................... 227
      T                      T




♦ funqcia GROWTH .................................................................. 228
      T                                          T




♦ funqcia TREND ........................................................................230
      T                              T




 klaviSaTa ra kombinaciebi arsebobs eqselSi
  T




 swrafad samuSaod ___________________________ 232
                                             T




♦ klaviSebi daxmarebisa da informaciisaTvis232
      T                                                                                                                          T




♦ klaviSebi ofisis interfeisisaTvis ...................233
      T                                                                                                  T




♦ meniusa da piqtogramuli menius gamoyeneba 234
      T                                                                                                                  T




♦ piqtogr. meniuebisa da davalebaTa fanjris
      T




 gadaadgileba da zomebis Secvla .............................235                             T




♦ piqtogramuli menius gadaadgileba ....................236
      T                                                                                              T




♦ gadaadgileba dialogur fanjaraSi ...................236
      T                                                                                                      T




♦ samuSao furcelSi muSaoba ........................................237
      T                                                                              T




♦ samuSao furcelSi moZraoba, gadaadgileba238
      T                                                                                                                      T




♦ ujrebisa da monacemebis arCeva (moniSvna) ...239
      T                                                                                                              T




♦ monacemTa Setana ................................................................... 240
      T                                  T




♦ formulis Setana da gaTvlebi ............................... 242
      T                                                                                  T




♦ monacemTa redaqtireba .................................................... 242
      T                                                          T




♦ makrosebze muSaoba..............................................................243
      T                                              T




♦ siebze muSaoba..........................................................................243
      T                          T




♦ diagramebTan muSaoba ........................................................243
      T                                                      T
sakontrolo kiTxvebi ________________________244
T                  T

				
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