ISRAEL Past PAST Present PRESENT PRESENT Prophecy PROPHECY Israel ISRAEL Past • Gen 12:1 Now the LORD had said to Abram: "Get out of your country, From your family And from your father's house, To a land that I will show you. Gen 12:2 I will make you a great nation; I will bless you And make your name great; And you shall be a blessing. Gen 12:3 I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed." • Gen 12:5 Then Abram took Sarai his wife and Lot his brother's son, and all their possessions that they had gathered, and the people whom they had acquired in Haran, and they departed to go to the land of Canaan. So they came to the land of Canaan. Gen 12:6 Abram passed through the land to the place of Shechem, as far as the terebinth tree of Moreh. [fn] And the Canaanites [were] then in the land. Gen 12:7 Then the LORD appeared to Abram and said, "To your descendants I will give this land." And there he built an altar to the LORD, who had appeared to him. • Gen 13:14 And the LORD said to Abram, after Lot had separated from him: "Lift your eyes now and look from the place where you are--northward, southward, eastward, and westward; Gen 13:15 for all the land which you see I give to you and your descendants [fn] forever. Gen 13:16 And I will make your descendants as the dust of the earth; so that if a man could number the dust of the earth, [then] your descendants also could be numbered. Gen 13:17 Arise, walk in the land through its length and its width, for I give it to you." Gen 13:18 Then Abram moved [his] tent, and went and dwelt by the terebinth trees of Mamre, [fn] which [are] in Hebron, and built an altar there to the LORD. • Gen 17:1 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, "I am Almighty God; walk before Me and be blameless. Gen 17:2 And I will make My covenant between Me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly." Gen 17:5 No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you a father of many nations. Gen 17:7 And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and your descendants after you. • Gen 17:8 Also I give to you and your descendants after you the land in which you are a stranger, all the land of Canaan, as an everlasting possession; and I will be their God." • Gen 17:15 Then God said to Abraham, "As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but Sarah [shall be] her name. Gen 17:16 And I will bless her and also give you a son by her; then I will bless her, and she shall be [a mother of] nations; kings of peoples shall be from her." Gen 17:17 Then Abraham fell on his face and laughed, and said in his heart, "Shall [a child] be born to a man who is one hundred years old? And shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear [a child]?" Gen 17:19 Then God said: "No, Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac; I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, [and] with his descendants after him. • Gen 21:1 And the LORD visited Sarah as He had said, and the LORD did for Sarah as He had spoken. Gen 21:2 For Sarah conceived and bore Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him. Gen 21:3 And Abraham called the name of his son who was born to him--whom Sarah bore to him--Isaac. Abraham purchased the Land • Gen 25:10 the field which Abraham purchased from the sons of Heth. There Abraham was buried, and Sarah his wife. The Promise to Isaac • Gen 26:1 There was a famine in the land, besides the first famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went to Abimelech king of the Philistines, in Gerar. Gen 26:2 Then the LORD appeared to him and said: "Do not go down to Egypt; live in the land of which I shall tell you. Gen 26:3 Dwell in this land, and I will be with you and bless you; for to you and your descendants I give all these lands, and I will perform the oath which I swore to Abraham your father. • Gen 26:4 And I will make your descendants multiply as the stars of heaven; I will give to your descendants all these lands; and in your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed; The Promise to Jacob/Israel • Gen 32:24 Then Jacob was left alone; and a Man wrestled with him until the breaking of day. Gen 32:25 Now when He saw that He did not prevail against him, He touched the socket of his hip; and the socket of Jacob's hip was out of joint as He wrestled with him. Gen 32:26 And He said, "Let Me go, for the day breaks." But he said, "I will not let You go unless You bless me!" Gen 32:27 So He said to him, "What [is] your name?" He said, "Jacob." Gen 32:28 And He said, "Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel; [fn] for you have struggled with God and with men, and have prevailed." • Gen 35:9 Then God appeared to Jacob again, when he came from Padan Aram, and blessed him. Gen 35:10 And God said to him, "Your name [is] Jacob; your name shall not be called Jacob anymore, but Israel shall be your name." So He called his name Israel. Gen 35:11 Also God said to him: "I [am] God Almighty. Be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall proceed from you, and kings shall come from your body. Gen 35:12 The land which I gave Abraham and Isaac I give to you; and to your descendants after you I give this land." Jacob/Israel purchased the Land • Gen 33:19 And he bought a parcel of a field, where he had spread his tent, at the hand of the children of Hamor, Shechem's father, for an hundred pieces of money. • Jos 24:32 And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph. Israel Past • The promise to Abraham and his seed was twofold; • A blessing or a curse • Land centred • The promise to Abraham was – Purchased David also Purchased that which was Promised • 2 Sa 24:16 And when the angel [fn] stretched out His hand over Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD relented from the destruction, and said to the angel who was destroying the people, "It is enough; now restrain your hand." And the angel of the LORD was by the threshing floor of Araunah [fn] the Jebusite. • 2 Sa 24:17 Then David spoke to the LORD when he saw the angel who was striking the people, and said, "Surely I have sinned, and I have done wickedly; but these sheep, what have they done? Let Your hand, I pray, be against me and against my father's house." Available Commentaries for 2 Samuel 24:17 2 Sa 24:18 And Gad came that day to David and said to him, "Go up, erect an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite." 2 Sa 24:19 So David, according to the word of Gad, went up as the LORD commanded. 2 Sa 24:20 Now Araunah looked, and saw the king and his servants coming toward him. So Araunah went out and bowed before the king with his face to the ground. • 2 Sa 24:21 Then Araunah said, "Why has my lord the king come to his servant?" And David said, "To buy the threshing floor from you, to build an altar to the LORD, that the plague may be withdrawn from the people." 2 Sa 24:22 Now Araunah said to David, "Let my lord the king take and offer up whatever [seems] good to him. Look, [here are] oxen for burnt sacrifice, and threshing implements and the yokes of the oxen for wood. 2 Sa 24:23 All these, O king, Araunah has given to the king." And Araunah said to the king, "May the LORD your God accept you." 2 Sa 24:24 Then the king said to Araunah, "No, but I will surely buy [it] from you for a price; nor will I offer burnt offerings to the LORD my God with that which costs me nothing." So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 2 Sa 24:25 And David built there an altar to the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So the LORD heeded the prayers for the land, and the plague was withdrawn from Israel. • The promise to David was • Purchased • Forever/Everlasting • Here we see God in these instances Give the Land of Israel to the Jews, 1st through the promise to Abraham and his sons. • Also to David, and yet they ‗Bought‘ what was given? • It leads us to wonder why? • Key portions of the Land were purchased, those to do with Worship, and those to do with burial • Areas central to the society not only at that time but also today. • But is there more? • Yes • I feel that God lead these men to ‗BUY‘ these significant parcels as HE knew that in future years that there would be major disputes over these very parcels of land, and God wanted the land deed to be established • Luke 1:26 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, Luke 1:27 to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin's name [was] Mary. Luke 1:28 And having come in, the angel said to her, "Rejoice, highly favored [one], the Lord [is] with you; blessed [are] you among women!" [fn] Luke 1:29 But when she saw [him], [fn] she was troubled at his saying, and considered what manner of greeting this was. Luke 1:30 Then the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. Luke 1:31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name JESUS. Luke 1:32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. Luke 1:33 And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end." • Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not! Matthew 23:38 Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. Matthew 23:39 For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed [is] he that cometh in the name of the Lord. • Jer 31:31 "Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah-- Jer 31:32 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day [that] I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, [fn] says the LORD. Jer 31:33 But this [is] the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. Jer 31:34 No more shall every man teach his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more." Jer 31:35 Thus says the LORD, Who gives the sun for a light by day, The ordinances of the moon and the stars for a light by night, Who disturbs the sea, And its waves roar (The LORD of hosts [is] His name): Jer 31:36 "If those ordinances depart From before Me, says the LORD, [Then] the seed of Israel shall also cease From being a nation before Me forever." Jer 31:37 Thus says the LORD: "If heaven above can be measured, And the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel For all that they have done, says the LORD. Israel Present • Luke 21:24 And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. The ―Land‖ Divided • MYTH • “The Jews have no claim to the land they call Israel.” • FACT • A common misperception is that all the Jews were forced into the Diaspora by the Romans after the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in the year 70 C.E. and then, 1,800 years later, suddenly returned to Palestine demanding their country back. In reality, the Jewish people have maintained ties to their historic homeland for more than 3,700 years. • The Jewish people base their claim to the Land of Israel on at least four premises: 1) the Jewish people settled and developed the land; 2) the international community granted political sovereignty in Palestine to the Jewish people; 3) the territory was captured in defensive wars and 4) God promised the land to the patriarch Abraham. • Even after the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, and the beginning of the exile, Jewish life in the Land of Israel continued and often flourished. Large communities were reestablished in Jerusalem and Tiberias by the ninth century. In the 11th century, Jewish communities grew in Rafah, Gaza, Ashkelon, Jaffa and Caesarea. The Crusaders massacred many Jews during the 12th century, but the community rebounded in the next two centuries as large numbers of rabbis and Jewish pilgrims immigrated to Jerusalem and the Galilee. Prominent rabbis established communities in Safed, Jerusalem and elsewhere during the next 300 years. • By the early 19th century — years before the birth of the modern Zionist movement — more than 10,000 Jews lived throughout what is today Israel.1 The 78 years of nation-building, beginning in 1870, culminated in the reestablishment of the Jewish State. • Israel‘s international ―birth certificate‖ was validated by the promise of the Bible; uninterrupted Jewish settlement from the time of Joshua onward; the Balfour Declaration of 1917; the League of Nations Mandate, which incorporated the Balfour Declaration; the United Nations partition resolution of 1947; Israel‘s admission to the UN in 1949; the recognition of Israel by most other states; and, most of all, the society created by Israel‘s people in decades of thriving, dynamic national existence. • Eze 36:22 "Therefore say to the house of Israel, 'Thus says the Lord GOD: "I do not do [this] for your sake, O house of Israel, but for My holy name's sake, which you have profaned among the nations wherever you went. Eze 36:23 And I will sanctify My great name, which has been profaned among the nations, which you have profaned in their midst; and the nations shall know that I [am] the LORD," says the Lord GOD, "when I am hallowed in you before their eyes. Eze 36:24 For I will take you from among the nations, gather you out of all countries, and bring you into your own land. • MYTH • “Palestine was always an Arab country.” • FACT • The term ―Palestine‖ is believed to be derived from the Philistines, an Aegean people who, in the 12th Century B.C.E., settled along the Mediterranean coastal plain of what are now Israel and the Gaza Strip. In the second century C.E., after crushing the last Jewish revolt, the Romans first applied the name Palaestina to Judea (the southern portion of what is now called the West Bank) in an attempt to minimize Jewish identification with the land of Israel. The Arabic word Filastin is derived from this Latin name.3 • The Hebrews entered the Land of Israel about 1300 B.C.E • Palestine was never an exclusively Arab country, although Arabic gradually became the language of most of the population after the Muslim invasions of the seventh century. No independent Arab or Palestinian state ever existed in Palestine. When the distinguished Arab-American historian, Princeton University Prof. Philip Hitti, testified against partition before the Anglo-American Committee in 1946, he said: ―There is no such thing as ‗Palestine‘ in history, absolutely not.‖5 • Prior to partition, Palestinian Arabs did not view themselves as having a separate identity. When the First Congress of Muslim-Christian Associations met in Jerusalem in February 1919 to choose Palestinian representatives for the Paris Peace Conference, the following resolution was adopted: • We consider Palestine as part of Arab Syria, as it has never been separated from it at any time. We are connected with it by national, religious, linguistic, natural, economic and geographical bonds.6 • In 1937, a local Arab leader, Auni Bey Abdul-Hadi, told the Peel Commission, which ultimately suggested the partition of Palestine: ―There is no such country as Palestine! ‗Palestine‘ is a term the Zionists invented! There is no Palestine in the Bible. Our country was for centuries part of Syria.7 • The representative of the Arab Higher Committee to the United Nations submitted a statement to the General Assembly in May 1947 that said, Palestine was part of the Province of Syria and that, politically, the Arabs of Palestine were not independent in the sense of forming a separate political entity. A few years later, Ahmed Shuqeiri, later the chairman of the PLO, told the Security Council: ―It is common knowledge that Palestine is nothing but southern Syria.‖8 • Palestinian Arab nationalism is largely a post-World War I phenomenon that did not become a significant political movement until after the 1967 Six-Day War and Israel‘s capture of the West Bank. • • [Myths & Facts Online-Israel‘s Roots-by Mitchell G Bard] • • Amos 9:11 "On that day I will raise up The tabernacle [fn] of David, which has fallen down, And repair its damages; I will raise up its ruins, And rebuild it as in the days of old; Amos 9:13 "Behold, the days are coming," says the LORD, "When the plowman shall overtake the reaper, And the treader of grapes him who sows seed; The mountains shall drip with sweet wine, And all the hills shall flow [with it]. Amos 9:14 I will bring back the captives of My people Israel; They shall build the waste cities and inhabit [them]; They shall plant vineyards and drink wine from them; They shall also make gardens and eat fruit from them. Amos 9:15 I will plant them in their land, And no longer shall they be pulled up From the land I have given them," Says the LORD your God. • Isa 62:1 For Zion's sake I will not hold My peace, And for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, Until her righteousness goes forth as brightness, And her salvation as a lamp [that] burns. Isa 62:2 The Gentiles shall see your righteousness, And all kings your glory. You shall be called by a new name, Which the mouth of the LORD will name. Isa 62:3 You shall also be a crown of glory In the hand of the LORD, And a royal diadem In the hand of your God. Isa 62:4 You shall no longer be termed Forsaken, Nor shall your land any more be termed Desolate; But you shall be called Hephzibah, [fn] and your land Beulah; [fn] For the LORD delights in you, And your land shall be married. Isa 62:5 For [as] a young man marries a virgin, [So] shall your sons marry you; And [as] the bridegroom rejoices over the bride, [So] shall your God rejoice over you. Isa 62:6 I have set watchmen on your walls, O Jerusalem; They shall never hold their peace day or night. You who make mention of the LORD, do not keep silent, Isa 62:7 And give Him no rest till He establishes And till He makes Jerusalem a praise in the earth. Israel Prophecy • Zec 12:2 "Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of drunkenness to all the surrounding peoples, when they lay siege against Judah and Jerusalem. Zec 12:3 And it shall happen in that day that I will make Jerusalem a very heavy stone for all peoples; all who would heave it away will surely be cut in pieces, though all nations of the earth are gathered against it. • Zec 14:2 For I will gather all the nations to battle against Jerusalem; The city shall be taken, The houses rifled, And the women ravished. Half of the city shall go into captivity, But the remnant of the people shall not be cut off from the city. Zec 14:3 Then the LORD will go forth And fight against those nations, As He fights in the day of battle. Zec 14:4 And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, Which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two, From east to west, [Making] a very large valley; Half of the mountain shall move toward the north And half of it toward the south. • Zec 14:5 Thus the LORD my God will come, [And] all the saints with You. [fn] • Zec 12:10 "And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for [his] only [son], and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn. • Zec 13:8 And it shall come to pass in all the land," Says the LORD, "[That] two-thirds in it shall be cut off [and] die, But [one]-third shall be left in it: Zec 13:9 I will bring the [one]-third through the fire, Will refine them as silver is refined, And test them as gold is tested. They will call on My name, And I will answer them. I will say, 'This [is] My people'; And each one will say, 'The LORD [is] my God.' " • Joel 3:1 "For behold, in those days and at that time, When I bring back the captives of Judah and Jerusalem, Joel 3:2 I will also gather all nations, And bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; And I will enter into judgment with them there On account of My people, My heritage Israel, Whom they have scattered among the nations; They have also divided up My land. • Micah 4:2 Many nations shall come and say, "Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, To the house of the God of Jacob; He will teach us His ways, And we shall walk in His paths." For out of Zion the law shall go forth, And the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. Micah 4:3 He shall judge between many peoples, And rebuke strong nations afar off; They shall beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they learn war anymore. [fn] Micah 4:4 But everyone shall sit under his vine and under his fig tree, And no one shall make [them] afraid; For the mouth of the LORD of hosts has spoken. Micah 4:5 For all people walk each in the name of his god, But we will walk in the name of the LORD our God Forever and ever. Micah 4:6 "In that day," says the LORD, "I will assemble the lame, I will gather the outcast And those whom I have afflicted; Micah 4:7 I will make the lame a remnant, And the outcast a strong nation; So the LORD will reign over them in Mount Zion From now on, even forever. • Zechariah 14:8 And in that day it shall be [That] living waters shall flow from Jerusalem, Half of them toward the eastern sea And half of them toward the western sea; In both summer and winter it shall occur. Zechariah 14:9 And the LORD shall be King over all the earth. In that day it shall be-- "The LORD [is] one," [fn] And His name one. • Zec 14:11 [The people] shall dwell in it; And no longer shall there be utter destruction, But Jerusalem shall be safely inhabited. • Zec 14:16 And it shall come to pass [that] everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. Zec 14:17 And it shall be [that] whichever of the families of the earth do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, on them there will be no rain. Zec 14:18 If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they [shall have] no [rain]; they shall receive the plague with which the LORD strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. Zec 14:19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. Zec 14:20 In that day "HOLINESS TO THE LORD" shall be [engraved] on the bells of the horses. The pots in the LORD's house shall be like the bowls before the altar. Zec 14:21 Yes, every pot in Jerusalem and Judah shall be holiness to the LORD of hosts. [fn] Everyone who sacrifices shall come and take them and cook in them. In that day there shall no longer be a Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts. AN ETERNAL PROMISE • Isaiah 66:22 "For as the new heavens and the new earth Which I will make shall remain before Me," says the LORD, "So shall your descendants and your name remain. Universal and Eternal Promise • Gen 12:3 I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed." Psalm 122:6 • Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee.