VIEWS: 491 PAGES: 11 POSTED ON: 7/14/2011
The Ramayana Valmiki Background on Ramayana “The Journey of Rama” Written down by Valmiki (400 BC). Considered the first true poet of India. Written in a rhymed verse form called sloka, named for soka, the Sanskrit word for grief. Valmiki spotted a pair of herons nesting in a tree, and witnessed the male heron being shot and killed by a hunter. He was so affected by the female’s grief that he cursed the hunter and decided that sloka was the perfect medium for conveying the story of Rama and the separation from his wife, Sita. The story of Rama Rama is exiled to the forest for 14 years at the will of his stepmother, who wished her own son to be heir to the throne instead of Rama. Sita, his wife, and Lakshmana, his brother, go with him. Rama and Lakshmana kill demons, including a female demon who is the sister of Ravana, a powerful demon with 10 heads and 20 arms who rules the island of Lanka. The story of Rama (continued) In revenge for the killing of his sister, Ravana kidnapps Sita, Rama’s wife. Rama allies with Sugreeva, the king of the monkeys, and Hanuman, the monkey general, who finds Sita. She has remained loyal to Rama and refuses to let anyone except Rama touch her, even to help her. Rama and the monkeys prepare to wage war on Ravana. Characteristics of an Epic The hero is a figure of great importance to a culture, exhibiting the qualities that culture considers ideal. The hero often has superhuman powers or strengths. The setting is vast, covering entire countries, the world, or even the universe. Supernatural figures (angels, demons, etc.) are often involved and interested in the outcome. Often contains universal themes (good vs. evil, desire for eternal life, etc.) Vishnu, one of the three Hindu gods within the trinity of Brahma. Rama is thought to be an incarnation of Vishnu. He is considered to be the essence of all being, the preserver, and the color of the clouds. Rama, king of ancient India and seventh avatar (incarnation) of the Hindu god Vishnu. Rama was created to destroy Ravana (an evil demon), his adversary. Rama is thought to be the perfect man and serves as a role model to Hindu people. He is often depicted as being the color blue. WHY??? Sita, wife of Rama. She is thought to be an incarnation of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi, Vishnu’s wife, the goddess of wealth, fortune, and beauty. Because of her unwavering devotion to her husband in the face of trial, she is considered the model of perfect womanhood. Ravana, a demon with ten heads and twenty arms, who kidnaps Sita and faces Rama in battle.
Pages to are hidden for
"Ramayana PPT"Please download to view full document