Docstoc

Martin

Document Sample
Martin Powered By Docstoc
					A Population-Based
Multidisciplinary Study of
Centenarians


   Project 4: Resources and Adaptation
   in Centenarian
Objectives
 Identify predictors that distinguish
  between centenarians who are
  independent, healthy, and experience
  a sense of well-being and those who
  are dependent (frail) and do not
  experience a sense of well-being
 Four critical areas: functional
  capacity, cognitive impairment,
  mental health, economic dependence
Project Staff and Responsibilities
 Peter Martin, Project Leader
   Overall Management of Project
   Personality, Mental Health, Cognitive Impairment
 Maurice MacDonald, Co-Leader
   Economic Resources
   Economic Burden
 Christoph Rott, Co-Leader
   Functional Health and Subjective Health
   Comparison to Heidelberg Centenarian Study
 Graduate Assistants: Grace da Rosa, Aradhana Aneja,
  Joan Baenziger
 Interviewer: Libby Jackson
Data Collection Targets (242
Centenarians and 80 Octogenarians =
322 Participants)

 312 persons have been tested
   233 Centenarians
   79 Octogenarians
 285 proxy booklets have been
  returned

        December 31st 2005
Publications and Symposia
In Press:
    Bishop, A. J., Martin, P., & Poon, L. W. (in press). Happiness and
     congruence in older adulthood: A structural model of life satisfaction.
     Journal of Aging and Mental Health.
    Martin, P., Bishop, A. J., Poon, L. W., & Johnson, M. A. (in press). The
     influence of personality and health behaviors on fatigue in late and very late
     life. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences.
Submitted:
    Bennett, J. (2005). Mental status, functional health, and depression in
     three age groups. Unpublished master’s thesis. Ames: Iowa State
     University.
    Bishop, A., Martin, P., Poon, L. W., Johnson, M. A., & Courtenay, B. (2004,
     November). Religiosity in 5-D Scale. Presented at the Annual Meeting of
     the Gerontological Society of America, Washington, D. C.
    Martin, P., Kliegel, M., Rott, C. Poon, L. W., & Johnson, M. A. (2005). Age
     differences and changes of coping behavior in three age groups: Findings
     from the Georgia Centenarian Study. Manuscript submitted for publication.
    Martin, P., Poon, L. W., Johnson, M. A., Rott, C., & Kerns, M.-D. (2005).
     Psychosocial adaptation in older adults. Manuscript submitted for
     publication.
Symposia
Symposia at GSA:
 Martin, P., & Poon, L. W. (2004,
  November). Personal and familial
  characteristics of survivors. Symposium
  presented at the Annual Meeting of the
  Gerontological Society of America,
  Washington, D. C.
 Martin, P. & Poon, L. W. (2005, November).
  Four critical areas of adaptation.
  Symposium presented at the Annual
  Meeting of the Gerontological Society of
  America, Orlando
Presentations
   Martin, P., Poon, L. W., & Johnson, M. A. (2004, November). Changing
    times, changing longevity: Do siblings of centenarians really live
    longer? Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society
    of America, Washington, D. C.
   Martin, P., da Rosa, G., Poon, L. W., & Johnson, M. A. (2005,
    November). Mental health changes among the oldest old. To be
    presented at the Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of
    America, New Orleans, LA.
   Randall, K., Martin, P., Poon, L. W., & Johnson, M.A. (2005,
    November). Social resource change in three cohorts: Sexagenarians,
    octogenarians, and centenarians. To be presented at the Annual
    Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
   Bennett, J. K., Martin, P., Poon, L. W., & Johnson, M. A. (2005,
    November). Differences and changes in cognitive functioning among
    community-dwelling older adults. To be presented at the Annual
    Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, New Orleans, LA.
   Bishop, A., Martin, P., Poon, L. W., Johnson, M. A., & Courtenay, B.
    (2004, November). Religiosity in 5-D Scale. Presented at the Annual
    Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, Washington, D. C.
Data Analysis Plan
  Data Analysis Task                              Statistics                           Lead Person               Due Date
  Descriptive Analyses                         Means,           PM: Resources and Adaptation                  October
                                               Standard         MM: Economic Resources, Dependency            31
                                               Deviations,      CR: Subjective Health, Functional Health
                                               Frequencies
  Types and Antitypes                          Configural       PM: Resources and Mental Health/Status        December 31
                                               Frequency        MM: Resources and Economic Dependency
                                               Analysis         CR: Resources and Functional Health
  Mean Group Differences                       t-tests          PM: Resources and Mental Health/Status        February
  Centenarians vs. Proxies                    Χ2 tests         MM: Resources and Economic Dependency         28
  Centenarians vs. Interviewers               (M)ANOVAS        CR: Subjective Health and Functional Health
  Care Facility – Community
  100s vs. 80s
  Measurement Equivalence Between              Multiple Group   PM: Resources and Mental Health/Status        April
  Centenarians and Proxies                     Comparisons      MM: Resources and Economic Dependency         30
                                               (LISREL)         CR: Subjective Health and Functional Health
  Predictors of Critical Areas of Adaptation   Logistic         PM: Resources and Mental Health/Status        June
                                               Regressions      MM: Resources and Economic Dependency         30
                                                                CR: Resources and Functional Health
  Structural Equation Modeling                 LISREL           PM: Resources and Mental Health/Status        August
  Independent Effect Models                                    MM: Resources and Economic Dependency         31
  Mediating Models                                             CR: Resources and Functional Health
  Moderation Models
  Additional Analyses:
           -8
                -6
                     -4
                          -2
                               0
                                   2
                                       4
                                           6
                                               8

Extraversion



Neuroticism



    Hostility



      Trust



Vulnerability


 Tender-
Mindedness
                                                   Personality, Participants




Competence



      Ideas
Mental Status, Participants
         18.35
 20
 18
 16
 14
 12
 10
  8                     5.7
  6
  4
  2
  0
        MMSE         SPMSQ
Mental Health, Social Support
 40

 35

 30

 25

 20
                                                           Participants
 15
                                                           Proxies
 10

 5

 0

 -5
      Loneliness   Fatigue   Autonomy   Growth    Social
                                                 Support
Assessing Types and Antitypes
 Configural Frequency Analysis
 Life Events, Personality, Mental Health
 Types: The combination of Life Events
  (High or Low), Extraversion (High or Low),
  and Mental Health or Mental Status Occurs
  More Often Than By Chance
 Antitypes: The combination of Life Events
  (High or Low), Extraversion (High or Low),
  and Mental Health or Mental Status Occurs
  Less Often Than By Chance
Predicting Mental Status Errors
Configuration F observed F expected P
111                   107                58.15               .00     Type
112                   32                 62.99               .00     Antitype
121                   28                 55.13               .00     Antitype
122                   69                 59.72               .10
211                   1                  15.77               .00     Antitype
212                   14                 17.08               .27
221                   8                  14.95               .04
222                   41                 16.2                .00     Type

First column: Life Events; second column: Extraversion; third column: Mental Status.
1= low; 2 = high
Predicting Loneliness
Configuration F observed F expected P
111                   44                 30.07              .00      Type
112                   19                 25.42              .10
121                   15                 24.13              .02
122                   22                 20.39              .39
211                   15                 16.54              .41
212                   8                  13.98              .05
221                   10                 13.27              .22
222                   22                 11.22              .00      Type

First column: Life Events; second column: Neuroticism; third column: Loneliness.
1= low; 2 = high
Projects and Publications
 Predicting Mental Status, Functional Health,
  Mental Health, and Economic Dependence:
  Applications of Configural Frequency
  Analyses
 Economic Resources, Personality and
  Developmental Outcomes
 The Relationship between Fatigue, Physical
  Health, and Mental Health
 The Relationship between Mental Status,
  Functional Health, Mental Health, and
  Economic Dependence

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:10
posted:7/14/2011
language:English
pages:15