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									                        Plagiarism
Christie Peters
Reference Associate
O’Kelly Library, WSSU
peterscl@wssu.edu
750-2986
Contents

1. Plagiarism PPT

2. Plagiarism Pre-Quiz

3. Types of Plagiarism Handout

4. Paraphrasing Examples
What is Plagiarism anyway?


 Plagiarism is defined as the use of another
 person's ideas or expressions in your
 writing without giving proper credit to the
 source.
Cryptomnesia

         Unintentional Plagiarism

 Just because plagiarism is unintentional
 does NOT mean that you will be excused
 for it!!!
Plagiarism vs. Copyright

Plagiarism = using someone else’s idea
 without providing the proper citation
  Punished at the university level


Copyright Infringement = using someone
 else’s idea without authorization or
 compensation
  Punished through a court of law
What needs to be cited?
                              Photographs
                              Experiments
   Words you quote
                              Examples
   Words you paraphrase
                              Unique Concept
   Words you summarize
                              Apt Phrase
   Interviews
                              Speech
   Data
                              Video Source
   Graphs
                              Computer Code
   Tables
   Statistics
Common Knowledge
Common Knowledge does NOT need to be cited, but be careful!


   1. Easily observable information
            The 1st Amendment of the Constitution concerns
           freedom of speech and religion.

   2. Commonly reported facts
           Poet George Herbert was born in 1593 and died in
           1633.

   3. Common Sayings
            “Waste not, want not”
The Simple Rule of Plagiarism

       Mark Your
       Boundaries
Mark Your Boundaries

Short Quotations

Long Quotations

Unquoted Sources
Quotes can be used for…

Expert declarations
Direct support
Effective language
Historical flavor
Specific examples
Controversial statements
Material for analysis
Can you quote too much?

                  YES!
Do not quote too often
Do not quote from one source too many
 times
Do not quote too long
Beware of Vicious Abstraction
What in the world is
Vicious Abstraction?
 Vicious Abstraction occurs when a
 quotation takes on a meaning different
 from that intended by its author because
 the words are taken out of their
 surrounding context.

  “Love of money is the root of all evil.”
  V.A. - “Money is the root of all evil.”
Unquoted Sources
 Paraphrasing
    A restatement of the author’s words in your own words and
     approximately the same length as the original source
     material.

 Summarizing
    A brief condensation of the main point of the original source
     and considerably shorter than the original material.

 Mentioning Briefly

 Using an idea from a source
It is best to paraphrase when…

 There is no good reason to quote to refer to your
  evidence.

 You are trying to explain or interpret a particular
  piece of evidence.

 You need to balance a direct quote in your
  writing.
Cautions about paraphrasing
 Don’t change only some of the words
 Don’t keep the sentence structure and order of
  presentation the same
 Don’t add ideas not found in the original
  passage
 Don’t add interpretation or assessment
 Don’t misrepresenting the source

  Improper paraphrasing is one of the most
  common mistakes that that students make when
  writing, and it results in unintentional plagiarism.
Additional help with paraphrasing


See Handout: Paraphrasing Examples
Can professors really tell?

Turnitin.com
   Looks for matches in over 9.5 billion pages of
   indexed web content, over 60 million papers in
   the student paper archive, and over 10,000
   professional, academic and commercial
   journals and publications.

								
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