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Plagiarism Christie Peters Reference Associate O’Kelly Library, WSSU firstname.lastname@example.org 750-2986 Contents 1. Plagiarism PPT 2. Plagiarism Pre-Quiz 3. Types of Plagiarism Handout 4. Paraphrasing Examples What is Plagiarism anyway? Plagiarism is defined as the use of another person's ideas or expressions in your writing without giving proper credit to the source. Cryptomnesia Unintentional Plagiarism Just because plagiarism is unintentional does NOT mean that you will be excused for it!!! Plagiarism vs. Copyright Plagiarism = using someone else’s idea without providing the proper citation Punished at the university level Copyright Infringement = using someone else’s idea without authorization or compensation Punished through a court of law What needs to be cited? Photographs Experiments Words you quote Examples Words you paraphrase Unique Concept Words you summarize Apt Phrase Interviews Speech Data Video Source Graphs Computer Code Tables Statistics Common Knowledge Common Knowledge does NOT need to be cited, but be careful! 1. Easily observable information The 1st Amendment of the Constitution concerns freedom of speech and religion. 2. Commonly reported facts Poet George Herbert was born in 1593 and died in 1633. 3. Common Sayings “Waste not, want not” The Simple Rule of Plagiarism Mark Your Boundaries Mark Your Boundaries Short Quotations Long Quotations Unquoted Sources Quotes can be used for… Expert declarations Direct support Effective language Historical flavor Specific examples Controversial statements Material for analysis Can you quote too much? YES! Do not quote too often Do not quote from one source too many times Do not quote too long Beware of Vicious Abstraction What in the world is Vicious Abstraction? Vicious Abstraction occurs when a quotation takes on a meaning different from that intended by its author because the words are taken out of their surrounding context. “Love of money is the root of all evil.” V.A. - “Money is the root of all evil.” Unquoted Sources Paraphrasing A restatement of the author’s words in your own words and approximately the same length as the original source material. Summarizing A brief condensation of the main point of the original source and considerably shorter than the original material. Mentioning Briefly Using an idea from a source It is best to paraphrase when… There is no good reason to quote to refer to your evidence. You are trying to explain or interpret a particular piece of evidence. You need to balance a direct quote in your writing. Cautions about paraphrasing Don’t change only some of the words Don’t keep the sentence structure and order of presentation the same Don’t add ideas not found in the original passage Don’t add interpretation or assessment Don’t misrepresenting the source Improper paraphrasing is one of the most common mistakes that that students make when writing, and it results in unintentional plagiarism. Additional help with paraphrasing See Handout: Paraphrasing Examples Can professors really tell? Turnitin.com Looks for matches in over 9.5 billion pages of indexed web content, over 60 million papers in the student paper archive, and over 10,000 professional, academic and commercial journals and publications.
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