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Applications of Artificial Intelligence - PowerPoint

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					     How to give a BAD oral presentation
          of your final year project
                 and how to give a good presentation, too

                  Presented by
                 David Mutchler
(who has both attended and given many bad talks)

              Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology
                 and the University of Mauritius
                     David.Mutchler@Rose-Hulman.edu
University of Mauritius,     How to give a BAD presentation   Slide 1
2000-2001
        How to give a bad presentation
• Two projectors:
      – One to demonstrate how to give a bad presentation.
      – The other to summarize what I did wrong.
      – I’ll move back and forth between the projectors so
        you can tell which I’m doing:
            • Doing a bad thing.
            • Summarizing what bad thing I just did.
• As soon as you see me doing something wrong,
  raise your hand and share with the audience.
University of Mauritius,    How to give a BAD presentation   Slide 2
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• Your appearance is inappropriate.
• Your machine is not ready.
• Your slides are not ready.
      – Good ideas:
            • Use PowerPoint.
            • Number your slides.
            • If you use a computer and projector,
              have backups on overhead transparencies.
            • Overhead transparencies are generally more reliable than computers
              and projectors. But the latter is much better for demonstrations.
• Write on the whiteboard (bad idea, it’s too slow!)
University of Mauritius,       How to give a BAD presentation                Slide 3
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• Don’t introduce yourself.
• Have a meaningless title slide.




University of Mauritius,       How to give a BAD presentation   Slide 4
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• Fail to:
      – State the problem clearly and loudly.
      – Motivate the audience.
      – Emphasize the contributions of your article.
• No outline (“road map” of the talk).
• Disorganized or generic outline.
      – Good idea:
            • Tell them what you will say.
            • Say it.
            • Tell them what you said.

University of Mauritius,       How to give a BAD presentation   Slide 5
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• Slides are unreadable:
      – Spelling, grammar errors.
      – Too small print, too busy.
      – Sloppy.




University of Mauritius,       How to give a BAD presentation   Slide 6
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• Deliver badly:
      –   Read the slide verbatim.
      –   Talk too fast (or too slow).                          Bad talk
      –   Umm... Oh sh*%&...
      –   Overly informal language.
      –   Use jargon.
            • (Technical talk is good, jargon is bad.)


University of Mauritius,       How to give a BAD presentation              Slide 7
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• Deliver badly:
                                                                Bad actions
      – Fail to maintain eye contact.
      – Cover the slides with your body.
      – Uncover the slide, bullet by bullet.
            • Each slide should be a “whole.” By showing it all at once, you allow
              the listener more time and flexibility to grasp its ideas.
            • Exceptions:
                – Small and incremental changes that illustrate a complex idea.
                – Interactive items like in this talk.
      – Inappropriate use of your hands or feet.
University of Mauritius,       How to give a BAD presentation                Slide 8
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• Unnatural transitions.
      – Good idea: refer back to your road map (outline)
        to let the audience know where you are in the talk.
• Use bad pictures:
      – Tables are (in general) bad, graphs are good.
      – Good idea: include labels on graphs.
      – Good idea: for each graph, first say:
            • What this is a graph of.
            • What the axes are.
      – Good idea: a picture plus 100 well-chosen words is worth
        10,000 words.
University of Mauritius,        How to give a BAD presentation   Slide 9
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• Use lots of colors and clip-art and sound.
      – Many colors do not display correctly on projectors.
            • Yellow is almost always invisible.
      – Clip-art and sounds set an inappropriate, non-technical tone.
      – Good idea:
            • Use a few colors
            • in a few places
            • for a clear purpose
                 – Example: different parts of a diagram in different colors.
                 – Example: statement of theorem in its own color.

University of Mauritius,        How to give a BAD presentation                  Slide 10
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• Run out of time.
      – Good idea: Practice the talk to time it!!




University of Mauritius,       How to give a BAD presentation   Slide 11
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• No conclusion.
      – No restatement of what you did.
      – No indication of open questions and future work.
• No indication that the talk is over.
      – Good idea: “Thank you. Are there any questions?”




University of Mauritius,       How to give a BAD presentation   Slide 12
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• For questions:
      – Be unprepared.
      – Fail to listen, answer the wrong question.
            • Good idea: listen carefully. PAUSE for 3-5 seconds to
              compose your answer before stating it.
      – Be arrogant.
      – Be untruthful.

• Fail to know your material!
University of Mauritius,       How to give a BAD presentation   Slide 13
2000-2001
                           Things to do wrong
• Perhaps the most common mistake is:

      – Fail to rehearse!!!
      – Good ideas:
            • Practice, practice, practice.
                   – By yourself. In front of friends. In front of your advisor.
            • Practice the talk in Creole at first, if that makes you more
              comfortable.
            • If possible, spend 10-15 minutes alone immediately before the talk
              calmly looking over your slides and organizing your thoughts.

University of Mauritius,            How to give a BAD presentation                 Slide 14
2000-2001

				
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