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INTERIOR HAZMAT

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					                                 INTERIOR ALASKA
                            SUBAREA CONTINGENCY PLAN

                                               HAZMAT
                                                 SECTION

PART ONE – HAZMAT RESPONSE ................................................................................... C-1
            A.  Initial Notification Of Response Agencies ........................................C-1
            B.  Recognition ........................................................................................C-1
            C.  Evaluation ..........................................................................................C-3
            D.  Evacuation .........................................................................................C-5
            E.  Direction And Site/Entry Control ......................................................C-5
            F.  Command and Control.......................................................................C-6
            G.  Communications ................................................................................C-6
            H.  Warning Systems & Emergency Public Notification ........................C-6
            I.  Health and Medical Services .............................................................C-7

PART TWO – RESPONSIBLE PARTY HAZMAT ACTION ........................................... C-8
            A.   Discovery and Notification ................................................................C-8
            B.   Removal Action .................................................................................C-8

PART THREE – STATE HAZMAT ACTION..................................................................... C-9
             A.  Authority ............................................................................................C-9
             B.  Response Policy .................................................................................C-9
             C.  State Response Capabilities ...............................................................C-9
             D.  Responsibilities................................................................................C-10

PART FOUR – FEDERAL HAZMAT ACTION ............................................................... C-11
             A.  Authority ..........................................................................................C-11
             B.  Jurisdiction.......................................................................................C-11
             C.  Response Policy ...............................................................................C-11

PART FIVE – SUBAREA HAZMAT RISK ASSESSMENT ............................................ C-13
             A.   General.............................................................................................C-13
             B.   Facilities...........................................................................................C-15
             C.   Transportation ..................................................................................C-15
             D.   References........................................................................................C-16

PART SIX – RADIOLOGICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ISSUES ....................................... C-25
TABLES
C-1      Interior Subarea – Locations With Extremely Hazardous Substances ....................C-17
C-2      Interior Subarea – Locations With Other Hazardous Substances............................C-18
C-3      Interior Subarea – Locations With Oil And Liquid Gases.......................................C-22
HAZMAT: PART ONE – HAZMAT RESPONSE

A.         INITIAL NOTIFICATION OF RESPONSE AGENCIES

All hazardous material (hazmat) releases in excess of the reportable quantity (RQ) must be reported by
the responsible party to the National Response Center. [The EPA has established the RQs for all of the
roughly 800 Superfund law (CERCLA) substances.] Any hazmat release, regardless of the amount, is
required to be reported to the State of Alaska, Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC).
Upon notification of a release, the NRC shall promptly notify the appropriate FOSC. The FOSC shall
also contact the ADEC. If the State receives notification first, the State shall notify the FOSC promptly.
An emergency notification list is provided at the front of the Response Section to this plan. The FOSC
and the SOSC (ADEC) will relay the notification to local communities, resource agencies, medical
facilities, and others as necessary.

The local government on-scene coordinator (LOSC) is in command and control until he or she
determines that there is no longer an imminent threat to public safety. The LOSC can at any time
request higher authority to assume command and control of an incident. Local emergency plans should
be consulted for any specific directions or guidelines.


B.         RECOGNITION

The recognition of the chemical or physical hazards is essential to dealing with a release safely. Chemical
and physical hazards may be encountered by emergency response personnel when responding to a
hazardous material incident. Chemical hazards include biological, radioactive, toxic, flammable, and
reactive hazards. Physical hazards include slips, trips and falls, compressed gases, materials handling,
thermal, electrical and noise hazards, and confined spaces.

Once a hazardous material has been identified, it is important to determine the hazards and properties.
Thousands of substances exhibit one or more characteristic of flammability, radioactivity, corrosiveness,
toxicity, or other properties which classify them as hazardous. For any particular hazardous category, the
degree of hazard varies depending on the substance.

The degree of hazard is a relative measure of how hazardous a substance may be. For example, the
Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH) concentration of butyl acetate in air is 10,000 parts
per million (ppm); the IDLH for tetrachloroethane is 150 ppm. Therefore, tetrachloroethane is far more
toxic (has a higher degree of hazard) when inhaled in low concentration than butyl acetate. Vapors from
butyl acetate, however, have a higher degree of explosive hazard than tetrachloroethane vapors, which are
not explosive.

After the substance(s) has been identified, the hazardous properties and degree of hazard can be
determined using reference materials. Chemical properties and the health hazards associated with the
various materials transported in the Interior Subarea can be found in the USCG CHRIS Manual, the DOT
Emergency Response Guidebook (current edition), and CAMEO (Computer-Aided Management of
Emergency Operations) computer programs. Industry experts can be consulted, as well. The Chemical
Manufacturers Association supports an excellent resource, the CHEMTREC 24-hour information number,
800-424-9300. Additional references are provided below.




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Although appropriate references give information about a substance’s environmental behavior, additional
field data will likely be required. Most frequently, air monitoring and sampling are needed to verify and
identify the presence of hazardous materials, to calculate concentrations, and to confirm dispersion
patterns.

Available references (including several websites) for HAZMAT and response organization
information:
(Many of the following publications/programs can be found at ADEC offices or with the local fire department.)

■   The Unified Plan, which addresses the Unified Command Structure in Annex B, Appendix II, and
    also provides statewide Hazmat response guidance in Annex L: http://www.akrrt.org/plans.shtml
■   National Contingency Plan (40 CFR part 300)
■   The Alaska Incident Management System (AIMS) Guide (November 2002 Revision 1)
    http://www.akrrt.org/aim/aim_toc.shtml
■   USCG CHRIS Manual
■   DOT Emergency Response Guidebook (current edition) - http://hazmat.dot.gov/gydebook.htm
■   CHEMTREC, Chemical/Hazardous Substance information, 800-424-9300
■   SAX - Dangerous Properties of Hazardous Materials
■   IMDC Codes
■   Material Safety Data Sheets (MEDS) - http://www.hazard.com/msds/index.php
■   NFPA Fire Protection Guide On Hazardous Materials
■   NIOSH/OSHA/USCG/EPA Occupational Safety and Health Guidance Manual for Hazardous Waste
    Site Activities. Also, the NIOSH/OSHA Pocket Guide Book:
    http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npg.html
■   HartCrowser, Inc., 1999. 1998 Statewide Hazardous Material Inventory. Prepared for Alaska
    Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Spill Prevention and Response.
■   HartCrowser, Inc., 1999. Alaska Level A and B Hazardous Material Response Resources. Prepared
    for Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Spill Prevention and Response.
■   HartCrowser, 2000. Evaluation of Chemical Threats to the Alaska Public. Prepared for Alaska
    Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Spill Prevention and Response.
■   State of Alaska Tier Two Summary Report (available through ADEC). The tier two data can be
    reviewed using the CAMEO program. The basic report is available at: www.ak-prepared.com/serc/
■   Statewide Hazardous Materials (Hazmat) Commodity Flow Study, June 2005. The basic report is
    available at: www.ak-prepared.com/serc/




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C.         EVALUATION

To properly evaluate a hazardous materials release, the incident must be characterized. Incident
characterization is the process of positively identifying the substance(s) involved and evaluating the
actual or potential public health and environmental impacts. Characterizing a hazardous substance
incident is generally a two-phase process, an initial characterization followed by a more comprehensive
characterization.

1. Initial Characterization
The initial characterization is based on information that is readily available or can be obtained fairly
rapidly to determine what hazards exist and if immediate protective measures are necessary. During this
initial phase, a number of key decisions must be made regarding:

                   Imminent or potential threat to public health.
                   Imminent or potential threat to the environment.
                   Immediate need for protective actions to prevent or reduce the impact.
                   Protection of the health and safety of response personnel.

If the incident is not immediately dangerous to human life or sensitive environments, more time is
available to evaluate the hazards, to design plans for cleanup, and to establish safety requirements for
response personnel. Information for characterizing the hazards can be obtained from on-scene
intelligence (records, placards, eye witnesses, etc.), direct-reading of instruments, and sampling.
Depending on the nature of the incident and the amount of time available, various combinations of this
information gathering process are used. The following outline describes an approach to collecting data
needed to evaluate the impact of a hazardous materials incident.

An attempt should be made to gather as much information as possible, such as:

■    Incident Specifics:
     • Exact location of the incident.
     • Date and time of occurrence.
     • Description of incident.
     • Hazmats involved and their physical/chemical properties.
     • Present status of incident.
     • Potential pathways of dispersion.
     • Habitation - population at risk.
     • Environmentally sensitive areas - endangered species, delicate ecosystems.
     • Economically sensitive areas - industrial, agricultural.
     • Accessibility by air, roads, and waterways.
     • Current weather and forecast (next 24 to 48 hours).
     • Aerial photographs/video when possible.
     • Available communications.

■    Off-site reconnaissance (that can be conducted in Level D) should be the primary inspection for initial
     site characterization when the hazards are largely unknown or there is no urgent need to go on-site.
     Off-site reconnaissance consists of visual observations and monitoring for atmospheric hazards near
     the site. Collecting of off-site samples may identify substance migration or indicate on-site
     conditions.


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    Off-site reconnaissance would include:
    • The general layout and mapping of the site.
    • Monitoring ambient air with direct-reading instruments for:
                 o      Organic and inorganic vapors, gases, and particulates
                 o      Oxygen deficiency
                 o      Specific materials, if known
                 o      Combustible gases and radiation
    • Identifying placards, labels, or markings on containers or vehicles.
    • Noting the configuration of containers, tank cars, and trailers.
    • Noting the types and numbers of containers, tank cars, trailers, buildings, and impoundments.
    • Identifying any leachate or runoff.
    • Looking for biological indicators - dead vegetation, animals, insects, or fish.
    • Noting any unusual odors or conditions.
    • Observing any vapors, clouds, or suspicious substances.
    • Taking off-site samples of air, surface water, ground water (wells), drinking water, site runoff,
        and soil.
    • Reviewing the Dangerous Cargo Manifest.
    • Conducting interviews with workers, witnesses, observers, or inhabitants.

■   An on-site survey (conducted in a minimum of Level B protection until hazards can be determined)
    may be necessary if a more thorough evaluation of hazards is required. On-site surveys require
    personnel to enter the restricted or hot zone of the site. Prior to any personnel conducting an on-site
    survey, an entry plan addressing what will be initially accomplished and prescribing the procedures to
    protect the health and safety of response personnel will be developed.

    On-site inspection and information gathering would include:
                        Monitoring ambient air with direct-reading instruments for:
                             • Organic and inorganic vapors, gases, and particulates
                             • Oxygen deficiency
                             • Specific materials, if known
                             • Combustible gases and radiation
                        Observing containers, impoundments, or other storage systems and noting:
                             • Numbers, types, and quantities of materials
                             • Condition of storage systems (state of repair, deterioration, etc.)
                             • Container configuration or shape of tank cars, trailers, etc.
                             • Labels, marking, identification tags, or other indicators of material
                             • Leaks or discharges from containers, tanks, ponds, vehicles, etc.
                        Noting physical condition of material:
                             • Solids, liquids, gases
                             • Color
                             • Behavior (foaming, vaporizing, corroding, etc.)
                        Determining potential pathways of dispersion - air, surface water, ground water,
                        land surface, biological routes.
                        Taking on-site samples of storage containers, air, surface water, ground water
                        (wells), drinking water, site runoff, and soil.




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2.          Comprehensive Characterization
Comprehensive characterization is the second phase, a phase which may not be needed in all responses.
It is a more methodical investigation to enhance, refine, and enlarge the information base obtained during
the initial characterization. This phase provides more complete information for characterizing the hazards
associated with an incident. As a continuously operating program, the second phase also reflects
environmental changes resulting from any response activities.

Information obtained off-site and during the initial site entries can be sufficient to thoroughly identify and
assess the human and environmental effects of an incident. But if it is not, an environmental surveillance
program needs to be implemented. Most of the same type of information collected during the preliminary
inspection is needed, but more detailed and extensive. Instead of one or two groundwater samples being
collected, for instance, a broad and intensive groundwater survey may be needed over a long period of
time.

Results from preliminary inspections provide a screening mechanism for a more complete environmental
surveillance program to determine the full extent of contamination. Since mitigation and remedial
measures may cause changes in the original conditions, a continual surveillance program can be used to
identify and track fluctuations or ramifications.


D.         EVACUATION

Federal agency personnel do not have the authority to order an evacuation of facilities or communities in
the event of a release; this authority lies with local or state entities. However, evacuation should be
strongly recommended to local civil authorities (police, fire departments, etc.) whenever a hazardous
release poses a threat to surrounding personnel. With a release of hazardous materials, the area should be
isolated for at least 100 meters in all directions until the material is identified. Only trained and properly
equipped personnel should be allowed access. Quick evacuation tables are located in the back of the
DOT Emergency Response Guidebook. Evacuation should always begin with people in downwind and in
low-lying areas. Continual reassessment is necessary to account for changes in weather wind, rate of
release, etc. CAMEO can provide an air plume trajectory model for downwind toxic plume distances,
and should be used to provide regular situation reassessments.

Issues concerning disaster assistance should be referred to DMVA’s Division of Homeland Security and
Emergency Management.


E.         DIRECTION AND SITE/ENTRY CONTROL

The purpose of site control is to minimize potential contamination of emergency response personnel,
protect the public from any hazards, and prevent unlawful entry onto the site which may result in an
additional release of material, destruction of evidence, or prolong the cleanup effort. The degree of site
control necessary depends on site characteristics, site size, and the surrounding community.

Several site control procedures should be implemented to reduce potential exposure and to ensure that an
effective, rapid cleanup is conducted:

■    Secure site, and establish entry control points.
■    Compile a site map.
■    Prepare the site for subsequent activities.


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■    Establish work zones.
■    Use the buddy system when entering.
■    Establish and strictly enforce decontamination procedures.
■    Establish site security measures.
■    Set up communications networks.
■    Enforce safe work practices.

For complete guidance on Direction and Site Entry/Control, refer to the NIOSH/OSHA/USCG/EPA
Occupational Safety & Health Guidance Manual for Hazardous Waste Site Activities (Publication No. 85-
115).



F.         COMMAND AND CONTROL

The local government local on-scene coordinator (LOSC) is in command and control until he or she
determines that there is no longer an imminent threat to public safety. The LOSC can at any time
request higher authority to assume command and control of an incident. All applicable local emergency
plans should be consulted. After the LOSC has determined that public safety is not at risk, then the
Unified Command response organization will assume command and control of the incident.

Government response organization in the State of Alaska is based on the Unified Command structure of
the Incident Command System (ICS), which is outlined in the Alaska Incident Management System
(AIMS) Guide. The Unified Command brings together the FOSC, the SOSC, and the Responsible Party’s
Incident Commander (along with the LOSC if participation is warranted and available) into one
governing unit. The ICS and the Unified Command structure are discussed in further detail in the
Unified Plan, Annex B, and in the AIMS Guide. The organizational structure and Hazmat team member
duties and responsibilities for Hazmat response are also described in the AIMS Guide, Appendix B.


G.          COMMUNICATIONS

A communications plan for all sections of the ICS will be established by the Incident Commander.
At this time, a pre-established generic communications plan accounting for the various police, fire,
federal, state, and local frequencies has not been established. State and federal communications resources
are listed in the Unified Plan, Annex E, Appendix V and in the Resources Section, Part Four of this
plan.


H.          WARNING SYSTEMS & EMERGENCY PUBLIC NOTIFICATION

For FOSC/SOSC access to emergency broadcast systems refer to the Unified Plan, Annex E, Appendix
III, Tab V. For a listing of radio, newspaper, and television contacts refer to the Information Directory in
the Resources Section, Part Three, M. Media of this plan. The Unified Plan, Annex I provides Public
Information/Community Relations guidelines and information.




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I.         HEALTH AND MEDICAL SERVICES

For hospital and clinic information refer to the Response Section, Part One, D. Local Contacts. In the
Resources Section, Part One-Community Profiles identifies the local clinics available in a community and
Part Three, H. Hospitals lists major hospitals in the subarea.




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HAZMAT: PART TWO – RESPONSIBLE PARTY HAZMAT ACTION

A.          DISCOVERY AND NOTIFICATION

Any person in charge of a vessel or a facility shall report releases of hazardous materials in excess of the
reportable quantity (RQ) as defined in Table 1 of 49 CFR 172.101 to the National Response Center
(NRC) 24-hour telephone number, 800-424-8802, in accordance with the National Contingency Plan.
Any release regardless of the amount is required to be reported to the State of Alaska. Notification of the
State can be done by contacting the Department of Environmental Conservation, either thru the ADEC
Area Response Team or through the 24-hour telephone number, 800-478-9300.

If direct reporting to the NRC is not immediately practicable, reports will be made to the Environmental
Protection Agency’s pre-designated FOSC who may be contacted through the regional 24-hour response
telephone number (206-553-1263). All such reports shall be promptly relayed to the NRC.

In any event, the person in charge of the vessel, vehicle, or facility involved in a hazardous material
release shall notify the NRC and the State of Alaska as soon as possible.

NOTE: Additional emergency contact information for federal and State reporting is presented in the
Response Section, Part One of this plan.

As much information as possible shall be reported. This will include, but is not limited to, the following:

■    Location of the release
■    Type(s) of material(s) released, including any pertinent MSDS data
■    An estimate of the quantity of material released
■    Possible source of the release
■    Date and time of the release
■    Population and/or environment at risk.


B.          REMOVAL ACTION

The responsible party shall, to the fullest extent possible, perform promptly the necessary removal action
to the satisfaction of the predesignated FOSC and SOSC.

Regardless of whether or not a cleanup will be conducted, the responsible party shall cooperate fully with
all federal, state, and local agencies to ensure that the incident is handled in a safe, proper manner.




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HAZMAT: PART THREE – STATE HAZMAT ACTION
A.          AUTHORITY

The Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation is mandated by statute to respond promptly to a
discharge of oil or a hazardous substance (AS 46.80.130). Additionally, the ADEC may contract with a
person or municipality in order to meet response requirements, or establish and maintain a containment
and cleanup capability (i.e., personnel, equipment, and supplies) (AS 46.09.040).


B.          RESPONSE POLICY

The ADEC is currently operating in accordance with an August 1992 policy decision, which precludes
ADEC personnel from responding to situations which require Level A/B protection. A reduction in
Fiscal Year 1993 funding resulted in corresponding decreases in the level of equipment, training, and
overall readiness. ADEC personnel are prohibited from responding with or using personal protective
equipment beyond the Level C protection category (as defined in EPA standards).

For additional information regarding the State’s general response policy, refer to the Unified Plan,
Annex A, Appendix VI, Tab C.


C.          STATE RESPONSE CAPABILITIES

The ADEC has entered into local response agreements with the Fairbanks North Star Borough (FNSB),
the Municipality of Anchorage (MOA), the City of Valdez, and the City of Kodiak. These teams (along
with the 103rd Civil Support Team, the EPA team, and other teams in the State) comprise the Statewide
Hazmat Response Team. In the event of a hazmat release requiring immediate response, the ADEC pre-
designated SOSC may request support from any of the Hazmat Response Teams. These teams maintain a
Level A entry capability and can respond beyond their jurisdictional boundaries at the request of the
SOSC. The teams are to be used strictly for emergency response operations. Once the immediate hazard
is addressed, the teams will be released to return to their home station. Post-response recovery operations
will be handled by the responsible party (if known) or through ADEC response term contractors or
federal contractors.

ADEC currently maintains several term contracts for hazmat assessment, contaminated sites and
hazmat/unknowns response, and oil spill response. These term contractors are listed in the Unified Plan,
Annex E, Appendix III, Tab X. Several of these term contractors possess limited hazmat response
capability.

Another asset in the State is the 103rd Civil Support Team (CST), based at Fort Richardson, Alaska. The
103rd CST can be requested through DMVA’s Division of Homeland Security and Emergency
Management, State Emergency Coordination Center (SECC: 428-7100 or 888-462-7100). The primary
focus of the team is weapons of mass destruction (WMD), including chemical and biological warfare
agents and toxic industrial chemicals. The 103rd CST maintains Level A entry capability and a wide
variety of detection instruments and support equipment. The 103rd CST can be utilized in an advisory
role for hazard modeling or medical assessment and in an assist mode to perform entries alone or in
conjunction with other first responders.




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D.          RESPONSIBILITIES

State agency roles and responsibilities are clearly defined in the Unified Plan, Annex A. During a
hazmat incident, the State On-Scene Coordinator’s anticipated and prioritized response objectives are as
indicated below:

■    Safety: Ensure the safety of persons involved, responding or exposed from the immediate effects of
     the incident.

■    Public Health: Ensure protection of public health and welfare from the direct or indirect effects of
     contamination on drinking water, air and food.

■    Source Mitigation: Ensure actions are taken to stop or reduce the release at the source to
     reduce/eliminate further danger to public health and the environment.

■    Environment: Ensure protection of the environment, natural and cultural resources, and biota from
     the direct or indirect effects of contamination.

■    Cleanup: Ensure adequate containment, control, cleanup and disposal by the responsible party or
     take over when cleanup is inadequate.

■    Restoration: Ensure assessment of contamination and damage and restoration of property, natural
     resources and the environment.

■    Cost Recovery: Ensure recovery of costs and penalties to the Oil and Hazardous Substance Release
     Prevention and Response Fund for response containment, removal, remedial actions, or damage.




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HAZMAT: PART FOUR – FEDERAL HAZMAT ACTION
A.          AUTHORITY

The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 and Section 311
of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act are the principal authorities for federal response to discharges
of oil and releases of hazardous substances. The procedures and standards for conducting responses are
contained in the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) (40 CFR
300). Under the NCP and the Unified Plan, the EPA representative for the inland zones coordinate federal
activities on-scene as either the predesignated FOSC or as the first federal official in the absence of the
predesignated FOSC. The FOSC objective is to ensure rapid, efficient mitigation of actual or threatened
pollution releases or discharges.


B.          JURISDICTION

The NCP identifies the EPA (Region 10 Alaska Operations Office) as the predesignated FOSC for the
inland zone. The FOSC will respond to hazardous substance releases, or threats of release, occurring in
the inland zone and not involving DOD vessels or DOD facilities, which originate from:
■    Vessels and vehicles (as well as other modes of transportation, e.g., railroad)
■    Facilities, other than hazardous waste management facilities, when the release requires immediate
     action to prevent risk of harm to human life, health, or the environment.
■    Hazardous waste management facilities, or illegal disposal areas, when the FOSC determines
     emergency containment or other immediate removal actions are necessary prior to the arrival of the
     EPA OSC.

NOTE: The Local On-Scene Coordinator (LOSC) will be the person in charge as long as there is an
immediate threat to public health or safety. The LOSC may defer to the FOSC or SOSC (per the
Unified Plan, Annex B).


C.          RESPONSE POLICY

The U.S. EPA, Region 10 maintains a Level A capability through their START Contractor and EPA
response staff stationed in Alaska. The U.S. Coast Guard maintains the Pacific Strike Team located in
Novato, California. A description of Strike Team capabilities is provided in the Unified Plan, Annex E,
Appendix IV.

Additionally, the EPA may call upon the Department of Defense’s Alaskan Command (as a member of
the Alaska Regional Response Team) to provide hazmat response resources (teams and equipment) from
U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force facilities, if capabilities exist.

Federal personnel, with the exception of specialized teams (e.g., the National Strike Force and the Pacific
Strike Team, or the EPA START Team), will not enter a hazardous environment. Federal agencies in
Alaska will maintain a “conservative” Level D response capability level. “Conservative” response
consists of recommending evacuating the affected area and maintaining a safe perimeter while attempting
to positively identify the pollutant and outlining a clear course of action. This response posture is



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appropriate due to insufficient numbers of trained or equipped personnel to allow a safe and proper entry
into a hazardous environment and the low risk of a chemical release in the area.

Level D protection is primarily work uniform/coveralls, safety boots, safety goggles and a hard hat. This
provides minimal protection. Level D must not be worn for “entry” into any hazardous materials
situation. It does NOT provide protection from chemicals. Level D protection strictly applies to non-
hazardous environments (i.e., Command Post, Cold Zone, etc.).

In situations requiring an entry into a hazardous environment, federal agencies will rely on the
capabilities of the EPA Superfund Technical Assessment and Response Teams (START), USCG Pacific
Strike Team, state and local hazmat response teams, if available, and industry or commercial resources.
The EPA may call upon the Department of Defense’s Alaskan Command (as a member of the Alaska
Regional Response Team) to provide hazmat response resources (teams and equipment) from U.S. Army
and U.S. Air Force facilities, if capabilities exist. Refer to the Unified Plan for a description of the
National Strike Force and other special forces.

In implementing this conservative response posture, the EPA FOSC will carry out all the functions not
requiring entry of unit personnel into a hazardous environment. These functions include:
■   Conducting preliminary assessment of the incident.
■   Carrying out FOSC measures such as restricting access to affected areas, establishing safety zones,
    notifying affected agencies, coordinating with state and local agencies, and assisting as resources
    permit.
■   Conducting local contingency planning.
■   Identifying responsible parties, and informing them of their liability for removal costs.
■   Carrying out “first aid” mitigation if the situation warrants and capability exists.
■   Monitoring cleanup activities.

The CAMEO (Computer-Aided Management of Emergency Operations) computer programs will be an
important part of any chemical release incident. The CAMEO chemical database with Codebreaker and
Response Information Data Sheets modules provide a rapid means of identifying chemicals and their
associated hazards. The ALOHA air modeling program (part of CAMEO) provides a rapid means of
developing a downwind hazard evaluation. The deployed Hazmat Teams and/or the NOAA SSC will be
responsible for operating the CAMEO programs during a hazardous chemical release for the FOSC.
Local fire departments and EPA also maintain CAMEO to assist in their response efforts. Programs for
the ALOHA model need to be frequently updated to account for changing wind and weather conditions,
source strength, and other variable conditions.




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HAZMAT: PART FIVE – SUBAREA HAZMAT RISK ASSESSMENT

A.          GENERAL

The Interior Subarea encompasses the vast central area of Alaska. The region includes four Local
Emergency Planning Districts (LEPD) with active Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPC):
Fairbanks Area LEPC, the Denali Borough LEPC, the Yukon-Koyukuk LEPC, and the Delta Greely
LEPC. The remaining locations within the subarea are considered part of the unorganized LEPD for the
State. These include Interior Alaska and the northern portion of Southeast Interior (See the Background
Section of this plan for a complete description of the subarea).

The City of Fairbanks is the largest community in the region and serves as a regional service and
transportation hub, as well as a trans-shipment point for movement of materials into and out of the area,
including the oil industry at Prudhoe Bay. Small communities are scattered along interior river systems
and road corridors. Several major military facilities are located in the region. The Alaska Railroad and
the George Parks Highway connect Fairbanks with Anchorage and together represent a major
transportation corridor. Industrial activity is comprised largely of a refinery near Fairbanks and gold
mining throughout the region.

This part of the Hazmat Section provides a brief overview of the risk assessment (hazardous materials
used or transported in the Interior Subarea), the hazmat response capabilities, and a hazards analysis
summary for the subarea. For a detailed discussion and description of the extremely hazardous
substances and other hazardous substances used within the Interior Subarea, consult the references at the
end of Part Five.

1.       Chemical Inventory
Based on Tier Two reports contained in the CAMEO database, the most prevalent extremely hazardous
substances in the region are:
                               ■        Sodium cyanide
                               ■        Sulfuric acid
                               ■        Ethylenediamine
                               ■        Chlorine
                               ■        Cyclohexanamine and Cyclohexalymine

Extremely hazardous substances are generally transported into the subarea from southern ports via rail or
by truck over the road systems.

2.        Chemical Risks
This subsection identifies the hazards associated with the most common extremely hazardous substances
present within the subarea in amounts greater than the federally-mandated threshold planning quantities.
The properties of each substance and how they affect humans are discussed below.

Sodium Cyanide is principally used by the mining industry to extract gold from gold bearing ore using the
carbon-in-leach and carbon-in-pulp processes. These processes enable commercial recovery of gold at
very low concentrations. It is normally shipped and stored as a white solid, and is readily soluble in water
and other solvents including alcohol. The chemical is not combustible but forms flammable gas on
contact with water or damp air, and emits irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. The chemical can
cause eye irritation, and can be absorbed through the skin. It also presents an inhalation and ingestion
hazard.

Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five             C-13                                            June 2000
                                                                                          Change 1, April 2007
Sulfuric acid is a dense, colorless, oily liquid. It is highly reactive with a large number of other
substances and is readily soluble in water with release of heat. Fumes are released from the liquid
through evaporation, and heat as a result of fire or other chemical reaction can significantly increase
emissions. Both the liquid and its solutions will cause burns if allowed to come in contact with skin or
eyes. Fumes are highly toxic, and reaction of the acid with a variety of substances can produce other
toxic gases.

Chlorine is a greenish-yellow gas with a characteristic odor. It is neither explosive nor flammable, but is
a strong oxidizing agent and will support combustion. It is only slightly soluble in water. At about two
and one-half times the density of air, it will spread as a dense gas flowing downhill under the influence of
gravity. The chemical has a strong affinity for many substances and will usually produce heat on
reacting. While dry chlorine is non-corrosive at ordinary temperatures, it becomes extremely corrosive in
the presence of moisture. Chlorine gas is primarily a respiratory toxicant. In sufficient concentrations,
the gas affects the mucous membranes, the respiratory system and the skin. In high concentrations it can
permanently damage the lungs and can cause death by suffocation. Liquid chlorine will cause burns if it
comes in contact with skin or eyes.

Ethylenediamine is a colorless liquid with an ammonia-like odor. It is used as a solvent and in the
production of dyes, waxes, pesticides, and antifreeze solutions. Ethylenediamine can present a hazard
through inhalation or absorption through the skin. It is a corrosive chemical and can severely irritate and
burn the skin and eyes with possible eye damage. Inhalation can irritate the nose and throat, and can
irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. Higher exposures can cause a build-up of
fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency, with severe shortness of breath. Ethylene-
diamine may cause a skin allergy, and also an asthma-like allergy. Exposure may result in damage the
liver and kidneys.

Cyclohexanamine and Cyclohexalymine is a colorless to yellow liquid with a pungent odor. Its primary
use is as an additive to treat boiler water and inhibit corrosion for oil production use as well. The
substance decomposes on burning producing toxic and corrosive fumes including nitrogen oxides. The
substance is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive. It also reacts violently with
strong oxidants causing fire hazard. It attacks aluminum, copper, zinc. The substance can be absorbed
into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. Hazardous concentrations in the air can be
reached rather quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C. The substance is corrosive to the eyes,
the skin and the respiratory tract. It also corrosive on ingestion. The substance may cause negative
effects on the central nervous system.

3. Response Capability
The Fairbanks North Star Borough has equipped and trained a Hazardous Materials (Hazmat) Response
Team for response to chemical releases and spills. In the event of a hazardous substance release outside
of the borough’s jurisdiction, the ADEC can request support from the Fairbanks Hazmat Response Team
through their agreement with the Fairbanks North Star Borough. This valuable agreement allows ADEC
to request the Level A Hazmat team to respond to an event anywhere in the state, as long as the Fairbanks
North Star Borough can spare the services of the equipment and trained personnel. (Similar agreements
are in place with other hazmat teams in the state.)

In addition, several of the larger industrial facilities within the subarea are required to have Risk
Management Plans (RMPs) for chemicals exceeding threshold quantities under 40 CFR Part 68
regulations. The RMPs contain emergency response plans for mitigating facility releases. Large bulk
fuel production and storage facilities within the subarea also are required to maintain Facility Response


Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five             C-14                                             June 2000
                                                                                           Change 1, April 2007
Plans and specific levels of response equipment to mitigate oil releases in accordance 40 CFR Part 112.20
regulations.

Local communities in the subarea have developed and maintain local emergency management plans, or
all-hazard plans, to respond to a variety of emergencies, including hazardous substance releases.


B.          FACILITIES

During the last Tier Two data summary report (conducted for reporting year 2003, and submitted in
2004), the following information was reported for facilities in the Interior subarea. A total of 72 facilities
submitted Tier Two reports for the Interior subarea. The Tier Two data summary report can be found at
the following website: http://www.ak-prepared.com/serc/

The top five chemicals reported for this subarea are 616,001 pounds of Sodium Cyanide; 363,448 pounds
of Sulfuric Acid; 50,700 pounds of Ethylenediamine; 49,725 pounds of Chlorine; and 20,785 pounds of
Cyclohexanamine and Cyclohexalymine. A Fairbanks-Northstar Borough facility, a gold mining
operation, and a transportation company reported the inventories of Sodium Cyanide. One petroleum
refinery reported the entire inventory of Ethylenediamine (EDA - 1,2-diaminoethane; commonly used in
the manufacture of fuel additives, bleach activators, chelating agents and corrosion inhibitors, among
other applications). Facilities belonging to a chemical distributor, a municipality, the boroughs, and the
military reported inventories of Chlorine. A chemical distributor, a petroleum facility, and the military
reported inventories of Cyclohexanamine and Cyclohexalymine.

Table C-1 summarizes the Extremely Hazardous Substance (EHS) chemicals reported for this subarea, the
total quantity reported, and the number of facilities that reported the chemical in inventory.

Table C-2 identifies facilities that store and utilize other chemicals in the Interior Alaska Subarea.

Table C-3 identifies communities with industrial facilities that store, utilize, or produce significant
quantities of petroleum products. Emergency responders should refer to the CAMEO database program
to determine specific chemical hazards at a particular facility, based on Tier Two reporting requirements.

C.          TRANSPORTATION

A Statewide Hazmat Commodity Flow Study was jointly sponsored in 2005 by ADEC, ADMVA, and
EPA. The results of this study can be found at this website: http://www.ak-prepared.com/serc/
For the Interior Subarea, the following information on transportation modes and hazardous materials is
reflected in the overall report:

1. Air Transportation Mode
No hazardous materials were reported as being shipped via air in this subarea.

2. Highway Transportation Mode
The majority of the hazardous materials reported for this subarea are transported via highway routes
between Anchorage and Fairbanks, Fairbanks and Prudhoe Bay, and Fairbanks and Delta Junction and
Tok. The hazardous materials shipped via highway routes most frequently throughout the year were
Class 3 flammable liquids (flammable liquids, n.o.s., paint, and petroleum distillates), Class 2 flammable
and non flammable gases (fire extinguishers, petroleum gases, liquefied or liquefied petroleum gas), and
Class 8 corrosives (batteries-wet, acid, corrosive-liquid, basic inorganic, n.o.s. and corrosive-liquid, acidic


Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five               C-15                                             June 2000
                                                                                             Change 1, April 2007
inorganic, n.o.s.). Up to 20 trucks per day transport petroleum products from the North Pole Refinery to
Fairbanks. Jet fuel is delivered via 10,000-gallon aircraft refueling trucks, refueling aircraft up to 24
flights-per-day at the Fair-banks terminal.

3. Pipeline Transportation Mode
The crude oil flowing through the Trans Alaska Pipeline System, beginning at Prudhoe Bay, is the major
hazardous material transported by pipeline for this subarea. Crude oil is a Class 3 flammable liquid. The
average volume of crude oil transported daily for 2003 was 993,000 barrels (1 barrel = 42 gallons).

4. Railroad Transportation Mode
The ARRC ships hazardous materials, within all nine hazard classes, in this subarea. These shipments are
transported between Anchorage and Fairbanks, and between Fairbanks and Eielson. The majority of
hazardous materials shipments in this subarea are 35,000 railcars of petroleum products from the Flint
Hills North Pole Refinery.

5. River Transportation Mode
Shallow-draft barges deliver fuel to riverside towns and villages in the interior of Alaska that are not on
the road system. Most communities have bulk fuel facilities. Tank barges operate in the subarea for only
several months out of the year due to ice conditions.


D.          REFERENCES

Alaska Federal/State Preparedness Plan for Response to Oil & Hazardous Substance Discharges/Releases
(Unified Plan) May 1994, Alaska Regional Response Team, 1994. (as amended).

1998 Statewide Hazardous Material Inventory, HartCrowser, 1999. Prepared for Alaska Department of
Environmental Conservation, Division of Spill Prevention and Response.

Alaska Level A and B Hazardous Material Response Resources, HartCrowser, 1999. Prepared for
Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Spill Prevention and Response.

Evaluation of Chemical Threats to the Alaska Public, HartCrowser, 2000. Prepared for Alaska
Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Spill Prevention and Response.

State of Alaska Tier Two Summary Report (available through ADEC). The tier two data can be reviewed
using the CAMEO program. The basic report is available at: www.ak-prepared.com/serc/

Statewide Hazardous Materials (Hazmat) Commodity Flow Study, June 2005. The basic report is
available at: www.ak-prepared.com/serc/




Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five             C-16                                            June 2000
                                                                                          Change 1, April 2007
            Table C-1: Interior Subarea – Locations With Extremely Hazardous Substances
                       Chemical                          Total Pounds      Number of Facilities
2-Propanone                                                          15,400                         1
Aldicarb                                                                 31                         1
Bromine Solution                                                      1,013                         2
Chlorine                                                             49,725                         5
Chloroform                                                                2                         1
Cyclohyexanamine/Cyclohexylamine                                     20,785                         5
Endosulfan                                                                4                         1
Ethylenediamine                                                      50,700                         1
Methiocarb                                                               33                         1
Methyl Bromide                                                           30                         1
Nitric Acid                                                           5,080                         2
Oxamyl-Vydate                                                             7                         1
Paraquat                                                                  9                         1
Paraquat Hydrochloride                                                    9                         1
Selenous Acid (amount is below Reporting Threshold)                       1                         1
Sodium Arsenite                                                           1                         1
Sodium Cyanide                                                      616,001                         1
Sulfur Dioxide                                                        8,450                         1
Sulfuric Acid                                                       363,448                        44
                                                        Total                                      72




 The following is a summary of the top five EHS by Local Emergency Planning Districts (LEPD) in the
 Interior subarea:
                                                          Aggregate Quantity
          LEPC/LEPD                      Substance            (pounds)         Number of Facilities
Delta/Greely                              Chlorine                       2,400                        2
Delta/Greely                              Sulfuric Acid                 40,995                        5
Denali Borough                            Cyclohexanamine/Cyclohe        6,132                        1
                                          xylamine
Fairbanks North Star Borough              2-Propanone                   15,400                       1
Fairbanks North Star Borough              Chlorine                      47,325                       3
Fairbanks North Star Borough              Ethylenediamine               50,700                       1
Fairbanks North Star Borough              Sodium Cyanide               616,001                       1
Fairbanks North Star Borough              Sulfuric Acid                236,056                      26
Yukon-Koyukuk                             Sulfuric Acid                 43,593                       5




 Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five                   C-17                               June 2000
                                                                                    Change 1, April 2007
               Table C-2: Interior Subarea – Locations With Other Hazardous Substances
                                                        Max Amt       Avg Amt
                       Chemical                                                        Location
                                                          (lbs)         (lbs)
01VD109- Isopropanol, quatermary ammonium compound         180,340        108,707    Fairbanks
02VD066 Methanol, Quartenary Ammonium Compound             180,040         86,778    Fairbanks
1015 Arctic Therm Inhibitor Concentrate                     83,450         33,267    Fairbanks
Acetylene                                                      799            594    Delta Junction
Acetylene                                                    2,585          2,565    Ft Wainwright
Acetylene                                                    4,840          4,498    Fairbanks
Acetylene                                                  240,000         52,000    Eielson AFB
Acetylene, Dissolved                                         4,750          3,135    Fairbanks
Adhesives                                                    9,063          2,538    Fairbanks
AE 300 GEL (Ammonium Nitrate, Fuel and Wax)                 20,000         10,000    Fairbanks
Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF)                            17,217          7,933    FT Wainwright
Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF)                            31,874         30,385    Fairbanks
Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF)                            59,100         59,100    North Pole
Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF)                            96,000         96,000    Eielson AFB
Air, Compressed                                              3,758          1,568    Fairbanks
Alaska Fertilizer and Weed And Feed                        206,320        113,000    Fairbanks
Aluminum Oxide, 36 Grit                                     20,000          2,452    Fairbanks
Ammonium Bisulfite                                         459,040        220,702    Fairbanks
Ammonium Chloride                                           39,050         32,017    Fairbanks
Ammonium Hydroxide                                          22,500         22,500    Fairbanks
Ammonium Nitrate                                           120,000         60,000    Fairbanks
Antifreeze                                                   9,257          9,257    Fairbanks
ArcticTherm E60, P50, P60, PC                              192,861         37,303    Fairbanks
ArcticTherm EC                                              58,850          9,626    Fairbanks
Argon                                                        1,741          1,741    FT Wainwright
Argon                                                      202,144        201,122    Eielson AFB
Argon-Carbon Dioxide Gas Mixture                             4,320          1,620    Fairbanks
Argon-Carbon Dioxide Gas Mixture (75% Argon & 25%            1,368          1,218    FT Wainwright
CO2)
Argon-Hydrogen Gas Mixture                                     360            180    Fairbanks
Argon-Hydrogen-Oxygen Mixture                                  144             36    Fairbanks
Argon-Methane 10% (PS-10)                                      226            226    Fairbanks
Argon-Methane 5%, P-5                                          151            151    Fairbanks
Argon-Oxygen Gas Mixture (75% Argon, 25% Oxygen)               NR             NR     Fairbanks
Balance Gas                                                    189            189    FT Wainwright
Barium Sulfate                                             900,000        500,000    Fairbanks
Bentonite                                                  500,000        300,000    Fairbanks
Bentonite (BA.BENSEAL - 50 LB BAG)                          99,999         99,999    Fairbanks
Bentonite (HOLEPLUG 3-8)                                    99,999         99,999    Fairbanks
Bentonite (S-5 Natural)                                     16,200          9,345    Fairbanks
Bore-Gel 50#                                                99,999         99,999    Fairbanks
Boric Acid Granular Tech                                     2,900          2,329    Fairbanks
Bromacil (Contained in Product Name: Opti-Kill)                293            293    Fairbanks
Bromochlorodifluoromethane                                 486,822        486,822    Eielson AFB
Bromochlorodifluoromethane (Halon 1211 )                     3,500          3,500    Fairbanks
Bromotrifluoromethane (Halon 1301 Cylinders)               899,020        899,020    TAPS PS 09
Bromotrifluoromethane (Halon 1301)                          32,600         32,600    Fairbanks


Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five          C-18                                         June 2000
                                                                                    Change 1, April 2007
               Table C-2: Interior Subarea – Locations With Other Hazardous Substances
                                                        Max Amt       Avg Amt
                       Chemical                                                        Location
                                                          (lbs)         (lbs)
Butyl Alcohol N                                                  45,887       26,864    Fairbanks
Calcium Carbonate                                                32,000        2,965    Fairbanks
Calcium Chloride                                                315,719      211,710    Fairbanks
Calcium Hydroxide                                                30,000       20,000    FT Wainwright
Calcium Hypochlorite                                                100          100    North Pole
Calcium Hypochlorite                                              2,975        1,172    Fairbanks
Cal-Seal 60                                                   9,999,999      999,999    Fairbanks
Carbon Dioxide                                                      800          800    FT Wainwright
Carbon Dioxide                                                   27,910       15,430    Fairbanks
Caustic Soda                                                    228,873       89,525    Fairbanks
Caustic Soda, Bead                                                3,000          175    Fairbanks
Chlorodifluoromethane (Freon 22)                                  1,050        1,050    Fairbanks
Chlorofluorocarbon Refrigerants                                     290          290    FT Wainwright
Citric Acid                                                      21,850       13,493    Fairbanks
Coal                                                         58,254,400   47,766,720    FT Wainwright
Corrosion Control (EC1008A)                                      71,000       60,200    North Pole
Corrosion Inhibitor                                              23,643       12,385    TAPS PS 09
Corrosion Inhibitor (RE4679 CRW )                               174,300      101,540    Fairbanks
Cortron RU-276 Methanol, Isopropanol                            359,280      114,705    Fairbanks
Cupric Sulfate                                                  134,500       90,000    Fairbanks
Demulsifier Heavy aromatic naphtha, Isopropanol,                186,960       89,619    Fairbanks
Naphalene (EC2085A )
D-Glucopryanodside-50% (Glucopon 600 UP)                        60,994       30,770     Fairbanks
Diacel D                                                        99,999       99,999     Fairbanks
Dichlorodifluoromethane (Freon 12)                                 287          287     Fairbanks
Diethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether                             126,000       94,500     North Pole
Diethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether                             220,376       75,898     Fairbanks
Diphenylamine (Therminol 44)                                   107,186      107,186     TAPS PS 09
Drag Reducing Agent - Baker                                    686,562      392,681     TAPS PS 09
Drag Reducing Agent- Conoco                                    144,282       72,142     TAPS PS 09
Emulsion                                                       100,000       85,000     Fairbanks
Ethyl Alcohol                                                      362          362     Fairbanks
Ethylene Glycol                                                  5,580        4,650     Eielson AFB
Ethylene Glycol                                                152,093       64,731     FT Wainwright
Ethylene Glycol                                                350,188      155,139     Fairbanks
Ethylene Glycol & Diethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether             48,224       48,224     TAPS PS 09
Mixture (Ansulite 3% AFFF)
Ethylene Glycol (Antifreeze)                                     5,554        2,916     Fairbanks
Ethylene Glycol (Refrigerant)                                      305          305     FT Wainwright
Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether                                 42,003       20,555     Fairbanks
Ferric Sulfate                                                  20,000        6,544     Fairbanks
Fertilizer                                                      23,000       20,000     FT Wainwright
Firtrol LCG-R                                                  285,000      228,000     Galena
Firtrol LCG-R                                                  627,000      513,000     FT Wainwright
Fuel Oil (HAGO)                                                680,000      680,000     Fairbanks
Glutaraldehyde Solution                                         11,587        4,710     Fairbanks
Guardian OLT (Oil Tank)                                         34,000       27,200     Fairbanks
Halotron HCFC 123                                                1,300        1,300     Fairbanks


Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five                C-19                                      June 2000
                                                                                       Change 1, April 2007
               Table C-2: Interior Subarea – Locations With Other Hazardous Substances
                                                        Max Amt       Avg Amt
                       Chemical                                                        Location
                                                          (lbs)         (lbs)
Heat Transfer Fluid (Therminol 55)                               99,204       99,204      Fairbanks
Heat Transfer Fluid (Therminol 55)                              121,730      127,440      TAPS PS 09
Heat Transfer Fluid (Therminol FF)                               93,033       52,584      Fairbanks
Helium                                                              300          165      Fairbanks
Helium-Argon Gas Mixture                                            864          432      Fairbanks
Hexanol                                                          40,884       27,621      Fairbanks
Hydrochloric Acid                                               861,520      477,752      Fairbanks
Isopropanol                                                      24,749        3,000      Eielson AFB
Koch Flex 270-ME Crack Sealer                                    91,200       57,600      Fairbanks
Lead-Acid Batteries                                              24,533       24,533      Fairbanks
Lithium Hypochlorite Mixture                                        400          400      Fairbanks
Magnesium Chloride Salt 28%                                     187,588       13,349      Fairbanks
Magnesium Oxide                                                  10,000        5,000      FT Wainwright
Magnesium Oxide                                                  28,750       21,273      Fairbanks
Magnesium Oxide 95% & Copper Oxychloride 1-5%                    34,200       34,200      Fairbanks
(Contained in Nalco 156)
Mastic                                                             8,170        2,451     Fairbanks
Metam Sodium                                                          338          338    Fairbanks
Methanol, Organic Amine (EC1081A)                                182,100       76,076     Fairbanks
Mica (Containing less than 1% Quartz)                             25,000       25,000     Fairbanks
MICROLITE P                                                      999,999       99,999     Fairbanks
MICROSPHERES (SILICA SAND FOR BLENDING)                          264,000       60,273     Fairbanks
MURIATIC ACID                                                    277,744      106,331     Fairbanks
NALCO EC2043A                                                     82,300       63,000     North Pole
NALCO ETHYL HITC 6423                                             48,300       30,900     North Pole
Nitrogen                                                            1,757       1,671     FT Wainwright
Nitrogen                                                          47,101       40,605     Fairbanks
Nitrogen, Liquid                                                  10,118         3,372    Fairbanks
Nitrogen, Liquid                                                  20,241       10,121     TAPS PS 07
Nitrogen, Liquid                                                  18,892        6,747     TAPS PS 09
Nitrogen, Liquid                                                  35,085       17,542     TAPS MP 238
Nitrogen, Liquid                                                  48,300       38,640     Eielson AFB
NITROGEN/CARBON DIOXIDE (ALIGAL 13)                                   510          225    Fairbanks
NITROUS OXIDE                                                       1,120          560    Fairbanks
NITROUS OXIDE                                                       1,680        1,680    FT Wainwright
Oxygen                                                             19920        19877     FT Wainwright
Oxygen                                                            20,000       20,000     Eielson AFB
Oxygen                                                            24,829       19,495     Fairbanks
Oxygen, Refrigerated Liquid, Oxidizing, n.o.s.                    14,251        4,750     Fairbanks
Oxygen, Refrigerated Liquid, Oxidizing, n.o.s.                    94,000       75,200     Eielson AFB
Paint - Road Striping Paint                                       15,000         7,500    FT Wainwright
Paint, Traffic                                                    54,864       50,800     Fairbanks
Permanganic Acid (HMNO4), Potassium Salt                          20,000       20,000     Eielson AFB
Portland Cement                                                1,099,998    1,099,998     Fairbanks
Potassium Acetate                                                166,950      111,300     Fairbanks
Potassium Acetate                                                750,500      600,400     Eielson AFB
Potassium Chloride                                             1,704,450      769,776     Fairbanks
Potassium Hydroxide, {Dry solid, flake, bead, or granular]          2,500          130    Fairbanks


Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five                  C-20                                      June 2000
                                                                                         Change 1, April 2007
               Table C-2: Interior Subarea – Locations With Other Hazardous Substances
                                                        Max Amt       Avg Amt
                       Chemical                                                        Location
                                                          (lbs)         (lbs)
Potassium Hydroxide, Solution                                         198                198 Delta Junction
Potassium Permanganate                                                650                650 North Pole
Potassium Permanganate Tech                                        12,181              7,068 Fairbanks
POZMIX-A                                                           99,999             99,999 Fairbanks
Propylene                                                             525                315 Fairbanks
Propylene Glycol                                                   18,840                805 Fairbanks
Propylene Glycol                                                   29,400             29,400 Delta Junction
Propylene Glycol                                                3,696,000          2,940,000 Eielson AFB
Refrigerant                                                           673                673 FT Wainwright
Safe Scav NA                                                          NR                 NR Fairbanks
Scale Inhibitor (SCW4004)                                         193,060            113,344 Fairbanks
Scale Inhibitor Methanol (EC6085A)                                188,420             80,964 Fairbanks
Schmoo-B-Gone                                                      84,648                923 Fairbanks
Soda Ash                                                            2,600              2,600 North Pole
Soda Ash (Sodium Carbonate)                                        31,950             14,929 Fairbanks
Sodium Carbonate (Soda Ash)                                        14,400              7,200 FT Wainwright
Sodium Chloride                                                   345,150             79,838 Fairbanks
Sodium Chloride (Salt, Oilfield Fine)                              99,999             99,999 Fairbanks
Sodium Citrate Sodium Nitrate 30% KOH                              11,600              5,062 Fairbanks
Sodium Hydroxide                                                   12,304              7,402 Clear
Sodium Hydroxide                                                  457,920            347,256 Fairbanks
Sodium Hydroxide (Caustic Soda, Beads)                             12,000              6,105 Fairbanks
Sodium Hydroxide Solution, Aqueous (50%)                           19,300              9,630 North Pole
Sodium Hypochlorite                                                36,832             17,322 Fairbanks
Sodium Hypochlorite (Sani-Clean)                                   18,591             11,139 Fairbanks
Sodium Metasilicate                                                43,200             23,312 Fairbanks
Sodium Nitrite                                                     10,900              8,331 Fairbanks
Spherelite Cement Additive                                        999,999             99,999 Fairbanks
Sulfolane                                                       1,390,000          1,350,000 North Pole
Surfactant (EC9014A)                                              184,940             91,029 Fairbanks
Texaco Clean System 3                                              38,400             13,800 North Pole
Triethylbenzene                                                    10,800                432 Fairbanks
Triethylene Glycol                                                187,020            129,758 Fairbanks
Triethylene Glycol                                                280,378            126,264 Fairbanks
Urea - Prilled                                                    180,000            100,000 Fairbanks
Weed-A-Cide, Contains 2,4-D                                           240                240 Fairbanks
Xylene                                                            373,103             69,432 Fairbanks
Note: The above table does not include chemicals with maximum amounts of less than 100 pounds.




Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five              C-21                                            June 2000
                                                                                           Change 1, April 2007
                       Table C-3: Interior Subarea – Locations With Oil And Liquid Gases
                                                              Max Amt         Avg Amt
                         Substance                                                                City
                                                                (lbs)           (lbs)
Asphalt                                                             50,000         20,000   Fairbanks
Asphalt                                                         20,400,000        527,000   North Pole
Asphalt Sealant (Poly Patch)                                        51,200         51,200   Fairbanks
Aviation Gasoline                                                   16,250         13,000   Eielson AFB
Aviation Gasoline                                                  130,000         97,500   FT Wainwright
Crude Oil Residual                                              37,500,000     28,100,000   North Pole
Crude Oil, Alaska North Slope                                   32,700,000     24,500,000   North Pole
Diesel Fuel                                                      3,853,100      2,571,540   Delta Junction
Diesel Fuel                                                     11,909,520      9,924,600   TAPS PS 09
Diesel Fuel                                                         70,000         35,000   Denali Park
Diesel Fuel                                                      4,200,000      3,360,000   Eielson AFB
Diesel Fuel                                                      2,112,790      1,888,231   Fairbanks
Diesel Fuel                                                         41,265         17,723   North Pole
Diesel Fuel                                                      5,756,268      2,835,600   TAPS PS 05
Diesel Fuel                                                        248,115        124,057   TAPS PS 06
Diesel Fuel                                                     12,618,420      9,215,700   TAPS PS 07
Diesel Fuel                                                         21,267         14,178   TAPS PS 08
Diesel Fuel                                                         90,739         90,739   TAPS PS 10
Diesel Fuel                                                         22,330         14,178   TAPS PS MP 238
Diesel Fuel                                                         10,400          6,300   Delta Junction
Diesel Fuel #1                                                      86,821         22,050   Fairbanks
Diesel Fuel #1 and/or #2                                           231,800         87,600   Fairbanks
Diesel Fuel #2                                                     399,996        399,996   Delta Junction
Diesel Fuel #2                                                       9,999          9,999   Cantwell
Diesel Fuel #2                                                      99,999         99,999   Denali
Diesel Fuel #2                                                       9,999          9,999   Healy
Diesel Fuel #2                                                     954,995        953,686   Fairbanks
Diesel Fuel #2                                                  10,909,999      1,629,999   North Pole
Diesel Fuel #2                                                      99,999         99,999   Salcha
Diesel Fuel #2                                                      99,999         99,999   Eagle
Diesel Fuel #2                                                     199,998        199,998   Livengood
Diesel Fuel #2                                                     299,997        299,997   Bettles
Diesel Fuel #2                                                       9,999          9,999   Galena
Diesel Fuel #2                                                     762,692        321,762   Nenana
Diesel Fuel #2                                                     149,000         27,250   Fairbanks
Diesel Fuel Arctic                                                 350,000        350,000   Healy
Diesel Fuel Arctic                                                 434,000        434,000   Fairbanks
Diesel Fuel Arctic                                                 350,000        350,000   North Pole
Diesel Fuel Arctic                                                  27,973         22,555   USAF Murphy
                                                                                            Dome LRRS
Diesel Fuel Arctic                                                 221,134       175,000    FT Yukon
Diesel Fuel Arctic                                               2,346,480        21,724    USAF Indian
                                                                                            Mountain LRRS
Fuel Oil (HAGO)                                                   340,000        340,000    North Pole
Fuel Oil/Diesel Fuel                                               63,361         63,361    Fairbanks
Fuel Oil, [Diesel]                                                766,729        485,497    FT Wainwright
Fuel Oil, [No. 1]                                                  13,600         13,600    Healy


   Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five            C-22                                       June 2000
                                                                                       Change 1, April 2007
                       Table C-3: Interior Subarea – Locations With Oil And Liquid Gases
                                                              Max Amt         Avg Amt
                         Substance                                                                City
                                                                (lbs)           (lbs)
Fuel Oil, [No. 1]                                                   34,000         17,000   Fairbanks
Fuel Oil, [No. 1], Kerosene                                      7,118,126      3,844,382   Nenana
Fuel Oil, [No. 2]                                                   70,000         21,000   Fairbanks
Fuel Oil, [No. 4]                                                7,520,000      1,030,000   North Pole
Gasoline                                                           289,600        145,900   Delta Junction
Gasoline                                                           120,000        120,000   Denali Park
Gasoline                                                           684,000        547,200   Eielson AFB
Gasoline                                                           169,550        127,514   Fairbanks
Gasoline                                                           265,260        156,072   FT Wainwright
Gasoline                                                        17,700,000      1,350,000   North Pole
Gasoline                                                             2,697          2,697   TAPS PS 05
Gasoline                                                             6,344          3,984   TAPS PS 06
Gasoline                                                           183,000        183,000   Galena
Gasoline                                                         3,256,404        991,800   Nenana
Gasoline                                                            27,604         13,802   USAF Indian
                                                                                            Mountain LRRS
Heating Oil                                                         65,500         54,580   Delta Junction
Heating Oil                                                        453,015        319,013   FT Wainwright
Heating Oil # 1 or #2                                              254,100        204,600   Fairbanks
Heating Oil, DOT Class 3                                            23,000         23,000   Fairbanks
Heating Oil, DOT Class 3                                            20,000         20,000   Kaltag
Heating Oil, DOT Class 3                                            20,000         20,000   Koyukuk
Heating Oil, DOT Class 3                                            40,000         40,000   Nulato
Hydraulic Oil                                                        3,670          3,339   Fairbanks
Jet Fuel A                                                          45,500         19,500   FT Yukon
Jet Fuel A                                                          45,500          6,500   Galena
Jet Fuel A                                                          16,250          6,500   Tanana
Jet Fuel A-1                                                     6,075,000      4,050,000   Fairbanks
Jet Fuel A-50                                                      130,000         97,500   FT Wainwright
Jet Fuel B, JP-4, Naphtha                                       11,700,000      1,900,000   North Pole
Jet Fuel, JP-4                                                      74,375         74,375   Delta Junction
Jet Fuel, JP-4                                                   4,681,120        709,240   Eielson AFB
Jet Fuel, JP-4                                                     807,622        635,002   FT Wainwright
Jet Fuel, JP-4                                                      51,708         25,854   TAPS PS 05
Jet Fuel, JP-4                                                      51,708         25,854   TAPS PS 06
Jet Fuel, JP-8                                                 171,958,400    137,736,040   Eielson AFB
Jet Fuel, JP-8                                                   3,298,410        311,550   FT Wainwright
Jet Fuel, JP-8 (Military Aviation Fuel)                         15,074,703     15,074,703   Galena
Kerosene                                                           250,602        250,602   Fairbanks
Kerosene-Dual Purpose, Jet Fuel B                                   57,850         57,850   Fairbanks
Kerosene, Jet A, JP-8                                           55,600,000     10,600,000   North Pole
Kerosene/ #1 Diesel                                                 13,200          6,600   Fairbanks
Lubricant - Mobil SHC 460 Grease                                       748            748   Fairbanks
Lubrication and Used Oils                                           24,666         11,384   TAPS PS 05
Lubrication Oils                                                    99,999          9,999   Fairbanks
Methane, Liquid                                                    419,520        368,000   Fairbanks
Oil, Aircraft Engine                                                15,600          7,800   FT Wainwright
Oil, Aircraft Engine                                                 6,800          1,360   Galena


   Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five            C-23                                       June 2000
                                                                                       Change 1, April 2007
                       Table C-3: Interior Subarea – Locations With Oil And Liquid Gases
                                                              Max Amt         Avg Amt
                         Substance                                                                City
                                                                (lbs)           (lbs)
Oil, Drive Train                                                    1,670            417   Fairbanks
Oil, Ideal Plus                                                   224,380         89,773   Fairbanks
Oil, Motor                                                         40,000            800   Fairbanks
Oil, Motor Oil                                                      5,412          5,336   Fairbanks
Oil, Motor Oil                                                     60,000          4,000   FT Wainwright
Oil, Turbine                                                       33,835         27,685   FT Wainwright
Petroleum Lubricating Oil                                          21,000         16,800   Fairbanks
Pre-mix fuel                                                       13,000          6,500   FT Wainwright
Propane                                                               530            407   Delta Junction
Propane                                                           177,576         64,867   Denali Park
Propane                                                           214,884        171,738   Eielson AFB
Propane                                                           334,219        231,154   Fairbanks
Propane                                                            31,426         29,386   FT Wainwright
Propane                                                            42,000         31,500   North Pole
Propane                                                             6,345          2,961   Galena
Propane                                                            99,999         99,999   Nenana
Silicone Defoamer (Light Petroleum Distillate)                    109,353         23,562   Fairbanks
Transmission Fluid                                                  5,393          3,567   Fairbanks
Transmission Fluid                                                  6,451          5,313   TAPS PS 05
Used Motor Oil                                                     30,000         15,050   Denali Park
Used Oil                                                           13,600         10,200   Fairbanks
Used Oil                                                           24,096         15,060   FT Wainwright




   Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part five            C-24                                       June 2000
                                                                                       Change 1, April 2007
HAZMAT: PART SIX – RADIOLOGICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ISSUES

Procedures for radiological response are included in the Unified Plan, Annex J.

Presently, a biological response is not addressed and procedures are not under development for biological
issues.




Interior Alaska SCP: Hazmat, part six             C-25                                           June 2000
                                                                                        Change 1, April 2007

				
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