Copyright by wulinqing

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									Software Copyright
 Learning Objectives:
By the end of this topic you should be able to:
 Learning Objectives:
By the end of this topic you should be able to:

 describe what is meant by software copyright
 Learning Objectives:
By the end of this topic you should be able to:

 describe what is meant by software copyright

 describe ways used to prevent illegal copying of software.
What is Copyright?
What is Copyright?
• when someone creates something, it is protected by
  law to prevent another person copying it.
What is Copyright?
• when someone creates something, it is protected by
  law to prevent another person copying it.

• you should only copy or use a copyrighted work with
  the copyright owner's permission.
What is protected by Copyright?
What is protected by Copyright?
• Literature
  – novels, song lyrics, newspaper articles, website content
What is protected by Copyright?
• Literature
  – novels, song lyrics, newspaper articles, website content
• Art
  – paintings, photographs, maps, logos
What is protected by Copyright?
• Literature
  – novels, song lyrics, newspaper articles, website content
• Art
  – paintings, photographs, maps, logos
• Recordings
  – music and film
What is protected by Copyright?
• Literature
  – novels, song lyrics, newspaper articles, website content
• Art
  – paintings, photographs, maps, logos
• Recordings
  – music and film
• Broadcasts
  – radio and TV programmes
  – a recording of a TV programme does not infringe
    copyright if it is made in your own home to watch later.
What is protected by Copyright?
• Literature
  – novels, song lyrics, newspaper articles, website content
• Art
  – paintings, photographs, maps, logos
• Recordings
  – music and film
• Broadcasts
  – radio and TV programmes
  – a recording of a TV programme does not infringe
    copyright if it is made in your own home to watch later.
• Computer programs
Copyright and your computer
Copyright and your computer
• copyright applies to computing and the Internet
   – any photographs placed on the Internet will be protected
   – any original work will be protected
Copyright and your computer
• copyright applies to computing and the Internet
   – any photographs placed on the Internet will be protected
   – any original work will be protected
• if you download, or put material on the Internet that
  belongs to others, you should ensure that you have the
  owners permission.
Copyright and your computer
• copyright applies to computing and the Internet
   – any photographs placed on the Internet will be protected
   – any original work will be protected
• if you download, or put material on the Internet that
  belongs to others, you should ensure that you have the
  owners permission.
• computer programs and games for games consoles
  are protected on the same basis as books.
Copyright Law
              Copyright Law
The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act
                Copyright Law
The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act
• this Act was introduced to protect copyright.
   – authors of books, composers of music, software developers
                  Copyright Law
The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act
• this Act was introduced to protect copyright.
   – authors of books, composers of music, software developers
• software piracy has become a major problem
   – copying software from friends
   – buying illegal copies of software from the Internet
   – it is estimated that at least 40% of all software is copied
                  Copyright Law
The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act
• this Act was introduced to protect copyright.
   – authors of books, composers of music, software developers
• software piracy has become a major problem
   – copying software from friends
   – buying illegal copies of software from the Internet
   – it is estimated that at least 40% of all software is copied
• the Act covers:
   – stealing software,
   – using illegally copied software and manuals,
   – running purchased software on more machines than the
     license allows
              Copyright Law
Things to consider:
                Copyright Law
Things to consider:
• all the software that you use should be fully licensed,
               Copyright Law
Things to consider:
• all the software that you use should be fully licensed,
• when you purchase software you usually are licensed to
  use it on just one computer,
               Copyright Law
Things to consider:
• all the software that you use should be fully licensed,
• when you purchase software you usually are licensed to
  use it on just one computer,
• it is illegal to make copies of the software to use on
  other computers, even if they are your own,
               Copyright Law
Things to consider:
• all the software that you use should be fully licensed,
• when you purchase software you usually are licensed to
  use it on just one computer,
• it is illegal to make copies of the software to use on
  other computers, even if they are your own,
• most music accessed over the Internet is subject to
  copyright and must not be copied or distributed,
               Copyright Law
Things to consider:
• all the software that you use should be fully licensed,
• when you purchase software you usually are licensed to
  use it on just one computer,
• it is illegal to make copies of the software to use on
  other computers, even if they are your own,
• most music accessed over the Internet is subject to
  copyright and must not be copied or distributed,
• the legal penalties for breaking the copyright law
  include unlimited fines and up to two years in
  prison.
Ways to prevent copying of software
Ways to prevent copying of software
• Copy protection
  – the CD or DVD may be formatted in a special way so it
    cannot easily be copied.
Ways to prevent copying of software
• Copy protection
   – the CD or DVD may be formatted in a special way so it
     cannot easily be copied.
• Installation code
   – the software cannot be installed without a unique code
     provided with the software.
Ways to prevent copying of software
• Copy protection
   – the CD or DVD may be formatted in a special way so it
     cannot easily be copied.
• Installation code
   – the software cannot be installed without a unique code
     provided with the software.
• Product registration
   – the software has to be registered with the software company,
   – usually by giving them a unique code that came with the
     product and in return being given an 'unlock' code.
Ways to prevent copying of software
• Restricting the number of installations
   – each installation is recorded on an installation disk and only a
     certain number are allowed.
Ways to prevent copying of software
• Restricting the number of installations
   – each installation is recorded on an installation disk and only a
     certain number are allowed.
• Encryption
   – data can be scrambled up and cannot be read without the
     correct software.
Ways to prevent copying of software
• Restricting the number of installations
   – each installation is recorded on an installation disk and only a
     certain number are allowed.
• Encryption
   – data can be scrambled up and cannot be read without the
     correct software.
• Dongle
   – some form of hardware, often built into connecting cables,
     without which the software will not run.
Ways to prevent copying of software
• Restricting the number of installations
   – each installation is recorded on an installation disk and only a
     certain number are allowed.
• Encryption
   – data can be scrambled up and cannot be read without the
     correct software.
• Dongle
   – some form of hardware, often built into connecting cables,
     without which the software will not run.
• Details of the user are built into the software
   – it displays the users name as it is used.
   – this does not prevent the copying but it makes is obvious if
     you are using an illegal copy.

								
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