Maintain Jail Security_ Jail Security Techniques

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					          MAINTAIN DETENTION
           FACILITY SECURITY:
          SECURITY TECHNIQUES
          Secure Juvenile Detention Officer
               Basic Training Course


8 Hours
INTRODUCTION




               2
BASIC GOALS OF A DETENTON
FACILITY SECURITY PROGRAM

• To ensure the safety of juveniles, staff and the
  public;

• To maintain order and control;

• To prevent escapes.



                                                     3
BASIC SECURITY PROCEDURES


 • Searching juveniles
 • Using keys and locking systems correctly
 • Conducting security checks
 • Searching cells, cellblocks, pods, dorms and
   other areas of the facility
 • Counting juveniles



                                                  4
BASIC SECURITY PROCEDURES

 • Controlling weapons
 • Controlling tools and utensils
 • Controlling housekeeping equipment, tools,
   utensils, and food preparation items
 • Using surveillance equipment
 • Using jail communication systems
 • Maintaining a hospital security post


                                                5
KEY POINTS ABOUT CONDUCTING
 OF ALL SECURITY PROCEDURES

 Conduct them thoroughly and consistently. Do
  NOT take shortcuts.

 Do NOT be predictable in conducting
  procedures.




                                             6
        IMPORTANCE OF
         SUPERVISION
Effective supervision of juveniles is
another element of good facility security.
Some elements of good supervision
include:
Ongoing observation of juveniles and juvenile
 activities;

Good, ongoing communications between
 officers and juveniles;

                                                 7
         IMPORTANCE OF
          SUPERVISION
Some other elements of good supervision
include:

Good, ongoing communication between
  officers on all shifts and between officers and
  supervisors and administrators;

Good documentation and report-writing.


                                                    8
SEARCHING JUVENILES




                      9
    SOME OCCASIONS WHEN
JUVENILES SHOULD BE SEARCHED
   Following visits, particularly contact visits;

   Before and after a juvenile goes to court;

   When a juvenile is moved from one secure
    area of the facility to another;



                                                     10
    SOME OCCASIONS WHEN
JUVENILES SHOULD BE SEARCHED
   Before placing a juvenile in a transport
    vehicle;

   After a juvenile being transferred from
    elsewhere arrives at your facility;

   Following any kind of a disturbance
    emergency in the facility.
                                               11
      CONDUCTING SEARCHES OF
       JUVENILES: KEY POINTS
   NEVER become lax or complacent about
    conducting searches.

   Treat juveniles equally. DO not show
    favoritism.

   Always use good Professional
    Communication Skills during searches.
                                            12
KEYS AND LOCKING
    SYSTEMS




                   13
       ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
      REQUIREMENTS ON KEYS &
         LOCKING SYSTEMS
   DOC 346.34(1)
     Must be at least three complete sets of secure
     area and fire escape keys, one set in use, one
     set stored in a safe place that is accessible
     only to staff workers for use in an emergency,
     and one set stored in a secure place outside
     the confinement area.



                                                  14
       ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
      REQUIREMENTS ON KEYS &
         LOCKING SYSTEMS
   DOC 346.34(1)(b)
     All staff workers are to ―be given instructions
     concerning the use and storage of the keys
     and shall be held strictly accountable for keys
     assigned to them.‖




                                                   15
       ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
      REQUIREMENTS ON KEYS &
         LOCKING SYSTEMS
   DOC 346.34(2)
     All detention personnel ―shall be familiar with
     the locking system of the secure area and
     shall be able to release juveniles promptly in
     the event of a fire or other emergency.‖




                                                       16
       ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
      REQUIREMENTS ON KEYS &
         LOCKING SYSTEMS
   DOC 346.34(3)
     The superintendent ―shall ensure that
     monthly inspections are made to determine if
     cell, dormitory, and fire escape locks and
     doors are in good working order. Each
     inspection shall be documented in the files.‖




                                                     17
    GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR
     EFFECTIVE KEY CONTROL
 Strictly account for all keys.
 Secure keys when not in use.
 While working in the facility, do not carry
  keys to the outside entrance of the facility.
 If there is a weapons locker or armory in
  the same building as the detention facility,
  never carry keys to it while inside of the
  facility.

                                              18
    GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR
     EFFECTIVE KEY CONTROL
 Cary keys securely so that juveniles
  cannot touch or see them.
 Do not refer to key names or numbers or
  key ring numbers in front of juveniles.
 NEVER allow any juvenile to handle or use
  any facility keys. Do not allow use by
  unauthorized or non-designated
  individuals.

                                          19
    GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR
     EFFECTIVE KEY CONTROL
 Do not throw keys or slide them across
  the floor.
 Do not draw keys across cell bars as a
  means of determining if the bars have
  been tampered with.
 Never force a key in a lock.
 Check keys for damage or wear. Report
  any damage.

                                           20
    GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR
    USE OF LOCKING SYSTEMS

   Take the time to become thoroughly
    familiar with the way the system works.

   Do not try to lubricate locks unless you
    are authorized to do so and know what
    you are doing.


                                               21
    GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR
    USE OF LOCKING SYSTEMS

   Check locks frequently for evidence of
    tampering.

   Document any problems or concerns
    regarding the locking system.



                                             22
SECURITY CHECKS




                  23
      GOALS FOR CONDUCTING
        SECURITY CHECKS
   To try to ensure the health, safety and
    welfare of juveniles—specifically, to check
    for such things as:
    – Physical and sexual assaults
    – Suicide attempts
    – Harassment or exploitation of juveniles by
      others
    – Indications of physical problems or emotional
      distress among juveniles
                                                      24
      GOALS FOR CONDUCTING
        SECURITY CHECKS
   To ensure a safe climate for staff in which
    to work;

   To detect escape attempts, disturbances,
    or other security problems;

   To detect damage to or destruction of
    facility problems;
                                               25
      GOALS FOR CONDUCTING
        SECURITY CHECKS

   To detect contraband;

   To promote good general housekeeping,
    and accountability for juveniles in keeping
    themselves and their living areas clean
    and orderly.


                                              26
       ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
 REQUIREMENTS REGARDING CHECKS
            OF JUVENILES
 DOC 346.28(1)
     ―All areas occupied by juveniles shall be
     physically inspected at least once every 60
     minutes, at irregular intervals, to ensure
     their custody, safety, and welfare.‖

   DOC 346.28(2)
     A dormitory ―must be under constant
     observation unless no juvenile is in the
     dormitory.‖

                                                27
     ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
REQUIREMENTS REGARDING CHECKS
         OF JUVENILES

   DOC 346.28(3)
     Juveniles ―who are in dayrooms or multi-
     purpose space shall be observed at least
     once every 15 minutes at irregular
     intervals.‖




                                                28
       ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
 REQUIREMENTS REGARDING CHECKS
            OF JUVENILES
 DOC 346.28(4)
  Staff members are to physically observe each
  juvenile at irregular intervals…‖ as follows:
   Every juvenile must be observed at least once
    every 30 minutes;
   Every juvenile locked in a cell or room must be
    observed at least once every 30 minutes;
   Every juvenile in a dormitory must be observed at
    least once every 30 minutes;


                                                    29
       ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
 REQUIREMENTS REGARDING CHECKS
            OF JUVENILES
 DOC 346.28(4)
  Staff members are to physically observe each
  juvenile at irregular intervals…‖ as follows:
   Every juvenile exhibiting behavioral or mental
    problems, including suicidal tendencies, must be
    observed at least once every 15 minutes;
   Every juvenile in room or cell confinement or
    administrative confinement for any reason must be
    observed at least once every 15 minutes;
   Every juvenile in a receiving cell or holding room
    must be observed at least once every 15
    minutes.
                                                     30
     ADMINISTRATIVE CODE
REQUIREMENTS REGARDING CHECKS
         OF JUVENILES

   DOC 346.28(5)

     All required inspections (as listed in previous
     two slides) are to be properly documented.




                                                       31
    GUIDELINES FOR CONDUCTING
         SECURITY CHECKS
   If applicable to your facility, walk along
    the outside corridor of cellblocks and
    visually observe inside each cellblock and
    cell or other living area.

   Be alert to any irregular activities, noises,
    smells, or body language of juveniles.


                                                    32
    GUIDELINES FOR CONDUCTING
         SECURITY CHECKS
   Look for obvious security or safety
    hazards, such as:
     Cluttered items
     Loose wires or extension cords
     Too many items on bars of cells
     Obstructed doors and passageways
     Lights that have been covered with newspaper or
      other items
     Covered-up vents
     Water on the floor


                                                        33
    GUIDELINES FOR CONDUCTING
         SECURITY CHECKS

   Check to be sure that doors or gates that
    are supposed to be locked are in fact
    locked.

   While checking juveniles, do an informal
    count to be sure that all are accounted
    for.

                                                34
    GUIDELINES FOR CONDUCTING
         SECURITY CHECKS

   Be cautious about entering a secure
    juvenile living area alone.

   Document security checks of juvenile
    living areas, per your facility’s procedures
    for doing so.


                                                   35
   PERIMETER SECURITY
CHECKS: WHAT TO CHECK FOR
   Look for general indications of damage or
    destruction to walls or windows.

   Check each window to see that the security
    screen and glass are sound, and not tampered
    with.

   Check bars covering windows to be sure that
    they have not been tampered with, and remain
    firmly attached.

                                                   36
   PERIMETER SECURITY
CHECKS: WHAT TO CHECK FOR
   Check all doors, to be sure that they work
    properly and have not been tampered with.

   Check for signs of tampering with concrete or
    mortar on walls.

   Check to be sure that perimeter lights are
    working and have not been tampered with or
    damaged.

                                                    37
   PERIMETER SECURITY
CHECKS: WHAT TO CHECK FOR
   Check to be sure that all wires leading into
    the building seem to be solidly attached at
    the junctions.

   If there are fences or razor wire, check to
    see that they have not been damaged or
    tampered with.


                                                  38
   PERIMETER SECURITY
CHECKS: WHAT TO CHECK FOR
   If there are suspicious or questionable
    objects, check them out.

        If an object appears to be an explosive device, DO
        NOT TOUCH.

           Contact a supervisor, but not via radio or cell phone as
           that could detonate a device.




                                                                      39
CONDUCTING COUNTS




                    40
       CONDUCTING COUNTS:
       GENERAL GUIDELINES

   When making routine security checks,
    make informal counts to be sure that al
    juveniles are present.

   In addition, it is good practice to conduct
    at least one formal, documented count of
    juveniles on each shift.

                                                  41
        CONDUCTING COUNTS:
        GENERAL GUIDELINES
   Additionally, conduct a count during
    unusual occasions or emergencies, such
    as:
     If a juvenile is discovered to be missing;

     Following any kind of emergency (disturbance,
      escape attempt, fire, etc.)

     Following any other mass sort of movement of
      juveniles, including an evacuation.

                                                      42
GUIDELINES FOR DOING COUNTS
  IN SMALLER LIVING AREAS
   At times when juveniles are awake,
    announce that a count is going to happen
    and direct them to line up appropriately.

   Allow no movement during the count.

   Allow no interruptions during the count.


                                                43
GUIDELINES FOR DOING COUNTS
  IN SMALLER LIVING AREAS
   Be sure that you actually see each juvenile
    whom you are counting (flesh or movement).

   Never allow a juvenile to do a count.

   If a juvenile is unaccounted for, and another
    juvenile tells you where he or she is, do not just
    accept the juvenile’s word. Check it out.


                                                     44
GUIDELINES FOR DOING COUNTS
   IN LARGER LIVING AREAS
   If it is a larger dorm or unsecured area
    (10 juveniles or more), use two officers to
    conduct the count.

   One option is to have each juvenile sit on
    his or her bunk and not move during the
    count.


                                                 45
GUIDELINES FOR WHAT TO DO
 IF A JUVENILE IS MISSING
 First, check to see if the juvenile has been
  released or is out of the living unit for any
  legitimate reason.
 If the juvenile cannot be accounted for after
  you’ve done the above checking, lock down all
  juveniles and initiate an immediate search of the
  area.
 If a juvenile is missing during a shift change,
  officers going off-duty should stay until the
  missing juvenile is accounted for.

                                                  46
SEARCHING LIVING AREAS




                         47
    PURPOSES OF LIVING AREA
          SEARCHES
 To prevent introduction of contraband;
 To detect manufacture of weapons and
  escape devices;
 To discover theft or traffic in institutional
  supplies;
 To check for waste or destruction of
  facility property;
 To discover hazards to health and/or
  safety.
                                                  48
SOME CIRCUMSTANCES TO CONDUCT
  SEARCHES, BASED ON POSSIBLE
      SECURITY BREACHES

   If certain items of property are discovered
    to be missing, such as eating utensils,
    mop handles, tools, and other items that
    can be used to make weapons;

   If any jail keys are discovered to be
    missing.
                                              49
    CONDUCTING SEARCHES IN
    LIVING AREAS: GUIDELINES
   Never announce a search. Do not let juveniles
    know in advance that a search is going to
    happen, or which living areas will be searched.

   Be thorough, systematic and complete in
    searching each room or cell.

   NEVER use searches as a way to harass
    juveniles.

                                                      50
    CONDUCTING SEARCHES IN
    LIVING AREAS: GUIDELINES
   Respect the rights of juveniles to their property.

   Have all the tools you need in a search.

   Turn off the water so that juveniles can’t flush
    items down the toilet.

   Remove juveniles from the living area(s) to be
    searched
                                                         51
    CONDUCTING SEARCHES IN
    LIVING AREAS: GUIDELINES
   Put on protective gloves before doing the
    search.

   Before beginning the search, pause for a
    moment to look at the whole area, to get an
    overall impression.

   Strip the bed of blankets, covers and sheets,
    and examine thoroughly.

                                                    52
    CONDUCTING SEARCHES IN
    LIVING AREAS: GUIDELINES
   Look under furniture for items that may have
    been stuck there.

   Look under the rim of the washbowl. Toilet, and
    floor drain and bunk. Use a mirror on a long
    handle, if available.

   Examine the rest of the toilet and washbowl
    thoroughly.

                                                   53
    CONDUCTING SEARCHES IN
    LIVING AREAS: GUIDELINES
   Inspect the walls, floor and ceiling, checking
    superficially to see whether mortar or other
    surfaces have been disturbed.

   Remove any exposed light bulbs to examine
    sockets.

   Examine exterior windows, heat and air ducts,
    and floor drains, if present.

                                                     54
    CONDUCTING SEARCHES IN
    LIVING AREAS: GUIDELINES
   Examine shelves and drawers and all articles on
    or in them.

   Check behind any surfaces covered with
    pictures, posters, etc. Remove these items.

   Check all bars and crossbars for evidence of
    tampering.


                                                      55
    CONDUCTING SEARCHES IN
    LIVING AREAS: GUIDELINES
   Leaf through books, magazines and newspapers.
    Check the bindings and covers of hardcover
    books (if allowed).

   Carefully examine boxes and other containers,
    both interior and exterior.

   Examine clothing and shoes.


                                                    56
    CONDUCTING SEARCHES IN
    LIVING AREAS: GUIDELINES
   Examine personal possessions, including hygiene
    and sanitary items.

   Check all locks to be sure they are working
    properly.

   Check sliding doors and check the tracks and
    underneath the bottom plate when the doors are
    open and shut. Check both inside and outside.

                                                  57
    CONDUCTING SEARCHES IN
    LIVING AREAS: GUIDELINES
   If you discover contraband, do not stop the
    search to report it. Just inventory it and continue
    the search until completed.

   When you have completed the search, put the
    items back in reasonable order.




                                                     58
WHAT TO CHECK DURING SEARCHES
 OF DAYROOMS, COMMON AREAS,
     PROGRAM AREAS, ETC.
   Top and undersides of all benches and tables
   Light bulbs and sockets
   Trash containers
   Exteriors of television sets and radios, including
    any battery compartments
   Boxes containing games and puzzles
   Recreation or exercise equipment
   Other items in the area

                                                         59
DOCUMENTATION OF RESULTS
      OF SEARCHES
   Document the results of all searches of
    living and non-living areas.

   Indicate each area that was searched, and
    the results, including whether or not any
    contraband was discovered.

   List any contraband items found.
                                              60
CONTROL OF WEAPONS




                     61
           GUIDELINES FOR
          WEAPONS CONTROL
   Strictly require all arresting or transporting
    officers, as well as other non-detention
    facility personnel, to securely deposit all
    weapons before entering the secure area
    of the facility.

        This includes firearms as well as knives , batons,
        etc.


                                                             62
           GUIDELINES FOR
          WEAPONS CONTROL
   Never bring a weapon into the detention facility
    yourself. (Doing so can be a criminal offense)

   Search all incoming mail and packages.

   Carefully supervise visits. Conduct a patdown
    search of any juvenile after a contact visit.



                                                       63
          GUIDELINES FOR
         WEAPONS CONTROL
   Supervise program activities. Conduct
    searches of juveniles as necessary.

   Search juveniles and their possessions
    carefully.
        Search juveniles returning from programs outside
        the facility, or from court, doctor visits, etc.




                                                           64
TOOL CONTROL




               65
          TOOL CONTROL:
        GENERAL GUIDELINES
   Securely store all tools.

   Inventory all tools used in the facility.

   If a tool is discovered to be missing when
    you do an inventory, take immediate steps
    to find it.


                                                66
          TOOL CONTROL:
        GENERAL GUIDELINES
   Supervise use of tools in the facility.
    – Never leave tools laying around where juveniles have
      access to them.
    – If juveniles are allowed to use tools, supervise them
      very carefully. Be sure they return tools.


   Be sure that juveniles do not have access
    to tools or supplies used by outside
    maintenance or repair people.

                                                          67
          TOOL CONTROL:
        GENERAL GUIDELINES

   If a tool needs to be replaced, discard it in
    such a way that juveniles do not have
    access to it.

        Be sure to document any changes regarding the
        tool supply, including discarded or replaced tools.




                                                              68
CONTROL OF UTENSILS AND
FOOD PREPARATION ITEMS



                      69
    CONTROL OF UTENSILS AND FOOD
    PREPARATION ITEMS: GUIDELINES
   Keep track of the exact number of eating
    utensils distributed in each living area, and be
    sure to collect the same number of utensils
    following each meal.

   Maintain a written inventory of al knives and
    other potentially-dangerous items used in the
    facility kitchen, and check to be sure that all
    such items are accounted for.

                                                       70
    CONTROL OF UTENSILS AND FOOD
    PREPARATION ITEMS: GUIDELINES


   Conduct a frisk search of any juvenile workers
    who have worked in the kitchen (if that
    happens) when they have finished their duties,
    to be sure that they have not stole any utensils
    or similar items.




                                                       71
        CONTROL OF HOUSEKEEPING
        EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES:
              GUIDELINES
   Maintain a written inventory of housekeeping
    equipment (mops and wringers, brooms, pails,
    etc.)

   Be sure that all such equipment is accounted for
    and is in good condition. Check items carefully.

   Secure all such equipment except when in use.


                                                    72
        CONTROL OF HOUSEKEEPING
        EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES:
              GUIDELINES
   Supervise juveniles in the proper use of
    housekeeping equipment.

   Control cleaning supplies, and secure them
    when not in use. (This includes cleansers, soap
    powder, cleaning fluids, laundry detergents.)
    These items can be security hazards.




                                                      73
       CONTROL OF HOUSEKEEPING
       EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES:
             GUIDELINES

   Check games, puzzles, books or any other
    items that may get shared between cells
    or rooms or between living areas.

        These items may be used as a means of passing
        contraband.




                                                        74
CONTROL OF ELECTRICAL CORDS AND
   ROLL TOWELING: GUIDELINES


   Secure all electrical cords except when directly
    in use.

   If juvenile workers are permitted to use
    electrical cords, or equipment with long cords,
    require return of the items directly after the
    juvenile is done with it.


                                                       75
CONTROL OF ELECTRICAL CORDS AND
   ROLL TOWELING: GUIDELINES


   If roll towels are used in facility restrooms, be
    sure that the towel cabinet is locked. When a
    roll needs to be changed, either do it yourself or
    directly supervise a juvenile in doing so (that is,
    if maintenance does not do this).




                                                      76
USE OF SURVEILLANCE AND
    COMMUNICATIONS
       EQUIPMENT



                      77
    GENERAL OBJECTIVES FOR USE
     SURVEILLANCE EQUIPMENT
   To detect self-destructive juvenile behavior, or
    activities that may be dangerous to others;

   To detect escape attempts;

   To detect presence of contraband;

   To detect unauthorized absence of juveniles;


                                                       78
    GENERAL OBJECTIVES FOR USE
     SURVEILLANCE EQUIPMENT
   To detect unauthorized persons in the detention
    facility;

   To detect unauthorized movement;

   To control and supervise access to or from the
    facility, and movement of juveniles within the
    facility;


                                                     79
    GENERAL OBJECTIVES FOR USE
     SURVEILLANCE EQUIPMENT

   To identify particular individuals;

   To record or play educational programs,
    activities, or events.




                                              80
GUIDELINES FOR USE OF CLOSED-
  CIRCUIT TELEVISION (CCTV)
   Do not rely on CCTV as a substitute for
    personally checking on juveniles.

   Be sure the equipment is in proper working
    order.

   Be familiar with all areas of the detention facility
    being viewed by CCTV.


                                                       81
GUIDELINES FOR USE OF CLOSED-
  CIRCUIT TELEVISION (CCTV)
   If you are working in a control room and have
    responsibility for monitoring activities via CCTV,
    be sure to take the time to do so.

   When watching the monitor, be alert for
    anything unusual or alarming.

   Document use of the equipment (that you
    viewed CCTV, and whether all was well or not).

                                                         82
     GUIDELINES FOR USE OF AUDIO-
     MONITORING COMMUNICATION
               SYSTEM

   Be sure the equipment is working properly. Test
    it regularly.

   Use the system to listen in on juveniles on a
    random basis, to perceive if there are any
    security or supervision problems that you should
    know about.


                                                   83
     GUIDELINES FOR USE OF AUDIO-
     MONITORING COMMUNICATION
               SYSTEM

   Always use good interpersonal communication
    skills when communicating via an intercom.
    Never use the intercom to harass juveniles.

   Be cautious when using the intercom to
    communicate with juveniles who seem to be
    mentally disturbed.
        This is particularly important with juveniles who seem to
        hear voices, or who claim to hear voices.


                                                                    84
MAINTAINING A SECURITY
  POST AT A HOSPITAL




                     85
GUIDELINES FOR MAINTAINING A
   HOSPITAL SECURITY POST

   Before a juvenile is placed in the hospital room,
    search all areas for contraband. (Includes
    bathroom, closet, night stand, drawers, etc.)

   Stay in the room with the juvenile at all times,
    unless otherwise designated by department
    policy or supervisory directive.


                                                        86
GUIDELINES FOR MAINTAINING A
   HOSPITAL SECURITY POST
   Do not take coffee, lunch or restroom breaks
    until you have been relieved by another officer.

   Maintain communication with medical staff—
    particularly the juvenile’s physician and the head
    nurse on the unit.

   Maintain an incident book.


                                                       87
GUIDELINES FOR MAINTAINING A
   HOSPITAL SECURITY POST
   Search visitors.

   Supervise visits (while also respecting the right
    to privacy and of confidentiality with privileged
    visitors).

   Examine food trays brought to the juvenile.



                                                        88
GUIDELINES FOR MAINTAINING A
   HOSPITAL SECURITY POST
   Accompany juveniles to other areas of the
    hospital, and document such movement.

   Use restraints when necessary, following
    departmental policy in this regard.

   Brief the officer coming on-duty on the next
    shift.


                                                   89
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