, Datuk Seri Anwar bin Ibrahim Abdul Rahman (born August 10, 1947) was a politician Malaysia are Malays, acting as head of the Opposition in the Parliament of Malaysia, in his capacity as MP for Permatang Pauh. At the grassroots level, Datuk Seri Anwar is Parti Keadilan Rakyat adviser and head of the People's Alliance general. During the early political career, he was a 'protege' Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad, but subsequently emerge as a critic Dr. Mahathir, who is outspoken. In 1999, he was sentenced to six years for being found guilty of the offense of abuse of power. In 2000, nine years for alleged unnatural offenses (sodomy). However, in 2004, the court, the Federal Court of Malaysia has to drop the sodomy conviction because prosecutors failed to produce evidence without any doubt that the act of sodomy had occurred. As such, he was released. In July 2008, he was arrested again on charges of allegations that he sodomized his personal assistant. The case was referred to the High Court of Malaysia. On August 26, 2008, Anwar won Permatang Pauh by-election, defeating a candidate who is also BN assemblymen Seberang Jaya, Arif Shah Omar Shah with Akim candidate Hanafi Mamat, then return to parliament as opposition leader of Malaysia. He stated the need for liberalization, including the judiciary and the media, to fight the endemic corruption that he claims it as a reason for the rejection of the status of a country which failed . Anwar is the only Malaysian who has listed the 100 most influential people alleged in the world by Time magazine in 2008.