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Macbeth Act IV and Imagery

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					   Macbeth Act IV and
        Imagery
By Julia M., Joon-Ha, and
 Anastasia, and Marina
            Agenda
1.   Quiz
2.   Characters in Act IV
3.   Summary of Act IV
4.   Enactment
5.   Imagery throughout the play
6.   Discussion
                     Quiz
1.    Which was not a prophecy in Act IV?
     a. Birnam Wood must rise for Macbeth to be
         defeated
     b. Beware of Macduff
     c. Macbeth will fight Macduff heroically
     d. Nobody born from woman may hurt
         Macbeth
2.    Macbeth was freaked out by Banquo in scene
      I because…
     a. He was trying to kill Macbeth
     b. He was dead and came back as a ghost
     c. He and Macbeth had the same outfit
3. Who are Lady Macduff and her son
   discussing?
  a. Banquo b. Fleance c. Donalbain
  d. Macduff
4. Which character believes that Scotland is
   suffering and will later succeed
   Macbeth?
   a. Ross b. Hecate c. Macduff d.
   Malcom
5. What does Ross report to Macduff about
   his family?
         Quiz Answers
1.   C
2.   B
3.   D
4.   D
5.   C
                  Characters
1.  The Witches: conjure the three apparitions
    that predict Macbeth’s future
2. Macbeth - the Thane of Glamis. Made
    Thane of Cawdor after prophecy. At
    beginning-noble, brave and loyal, but as
    his temptation leads him to murder. Turns
    selfish.
3. Lady Macbeth - Macbeth’s wife, ambitious,
    strong, ruthless, urges her husband to kill
    Duncan and seize the crown. Is eventually
    guilty. Very strong and independent.
             Characters
4. Macduff - A Scottish nobleman. Leads
  against Macbeth. wants Malcolm to be
  king; wants to kill Macbeth as revenge
  for murdering his family.

5. Malcolm - The son of Duncan, whose
  restoration to the throne signals
  Scotland’s return to order, flees
  Scotland when his father, King Duncan,
  is killed, but later takes over and
  “fixes” his country.
              Characters
6. Lady Macduff - Macduff’s wife. Loving
  mother and wife -very different from
  Lady Macbeth. She is sweeter, kinder
  and not as independent and strong as
  Macbeth’s wife.

7. Lennox and Ross - Scottish noblemen-
  act as messengers
                  Scene I
Macbeth comes to the witches and demands to
   know the truth about his prophecy.
1. They call upon the 4 apparitions
  1. Beware of Macduff
  2. He will not be killed by a man born from a
     woman
  3. He is safe until the Birnam Wood moves to
     Dunsinane Hill.
  4. 8 kings appear and Banquo‟s ghost walks at
     the end of the line carrying a mirror.
            Scene I cont‟d
2. Lennox tells Macbeth
    that Macduff has fled to
    England.
3. Macbeth decides to send
    murderers to kill
    Macduff‟s wife and
    children.
“Eye of
newt and
toe of
frog, wool
of bat and
tongue of
dog” (IV.i).
                     Scene II
1.     Lady Macduff is angry that her husband
       fled and left her and her children
       defenseless, but does not flee when told to
       because she argues that she is innocent.
2.     Lady Macduff tells her son that his father is
       dead, but he doesn‟t agree.
3.     Murderers come and
      kill Lady Macduff
     and her children
                    Scene III
1.Malcom tests Macduff‟s loyalty to Scotland by falsely
    telling him that Malcom will be a horrible king
    because he is lustful, greedy, and violent. Macduff,
    after disagreeing at first, is scared for Scotland, and
    therefore passed the test.
2. Doctor enters and tells Macduff that King Edward has
    the power to cure anyone just by touching him or her.
3. Ross comes from Scotland and informs the men the
    horrors of Scotland .
    At first hesitant , he later confesses to Macduff that
       his wife and children are dead.
4. Crushed by the news, Macduff announces that he will
    use his anger to get revenge and kill Macbeth .
Enactment
                Blood Imagery
1.    “What bloody man is that? He can report, As
     seemeth by his plight, of the revolt the
     newest state” (I.ii.1)
2.   "Which smok'd with bloody execution"(I.ii.20)
3.    “Will all great Neptune‟s ocean wash this
     blood Clean from my hand? No; this hand will
     rather the multitudinous seas incarnadine,
     making the green one red.” (II. ii. 78-81)
4.   “And on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of
     blood, Which was not so before. There‟s no
     such thing: It is the bloody business which
     informs thus to mine eyes.” (II.i.58)
5. “What, will these hands
   ne‟er be clean?…Here‟s
   the smell of the blood
   still: all the perfumes of
   Arabia will not sweeten
   this little hand.” (V.
   i.45,53-55)
6. "I am in blood stepped
   in so far, that, should I
   wade no more,
   returning were as
   tedious go o'er."
   (III. iv. 168-170)
           Dagger Imagery
1. “There‟s daggers in men‟s smiles. The
  near in blood, the nearer bloody.”
  (II.iii.165-166)
2.“Stepped in the colors of their trade, their
  daggers unmannerly breeched with gore.”
  (II.iii.134)
3.“That my keen knife see not the wound it
  makes, nor heaven peep through the
  blanket of the dark to cry „Hold, hold!‟”
  (I.v.59)
4.“Is this a dagger which I see
 before me, the handle toward
       my hand?” (II.i.44)
5.“This is the air-drawn dagger
   which you said led you to
       Duncan.” (III.iv.75)
  6.“Be this the whetstone of
your sword. Let grief convert to
   anger. Blunt not the heart;
     enrage it.” (IV.iii.268)
                Baby Imagery
1. “And pity, like a newborn babe striding the
   blast, or heaven‟s cherubin horsed Upon the
   sightless couriers of the air, shall blow the
   horrid deed in every eye,that tears shall drown
   the wind” (I.vii.21)
2. "Each new morn / New windows howl, new
   orphans cry, new sorrows / Strike heaven on
   the face..." (IV.iii.5-8).
3.. “I have given suck, and know how tender „tis
   to love the babe that milks me. I would, while it
   was smiling in my face, have plucked my
   nipple from his boneless gums and dashed the
   brains out…” (I.vii.62)
4."O treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly!
  Thou mayst revenge--O slave!" (III.iii.25-26).
5."Murderer: He's a traitor.
  Son: Thou liest, thou shag-eared villain!
  Murderer: What, you egg? Stabbing
  him. Young fry of treachery!
  Son: He has killed me mother. Run away, I
  pray you" (IV.ii.92-98)
6.Thunder. 2nd Apparition, a Bloody Child.
  "Be bloody, bold, and resolute. Laugh to scorn
  The power of man, for none of woman born
  Shall harm Macbeth" (IV.i.90-92)
               Nature Imagery
1. “Bear welcome in your eye, your hand, your
    tongue; look like the innocent flower, but be the
    serpent under 't" (I.v.63-65)
2. “As hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels,
    and curs, shoughs, water-rugs, and demi-wolves
    are clept”(III.i.103)
3. “A falcon, tow‟ring in her pride of place, was by
    a mousing owl hawked at and killed.” (II.iv.15)
4. “There the grown serpent lies. The worm that‟s
    fled hath nature that in time will venom breed.”
    (III.iv.32)
          Nature Imagery cont’d
5. “Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf, witch‟s
  mummy, maw and gulf of the ravined salt-sea
  shark,…gall of goat and slips of yew slivered
  in the moon‟s eclipse, Nose of Turk and
  Tartar‟s lips, finger of birth-strangled
  babe”(IV.i.22)
6. “Now God help thee, poor monkey!”
  (IV.ii.65)
7. “And Duncan‟s horses…turned wild in
  nature, broke their stalls, flung out,
  contending „gainst obedience…”
    (II.iv.17)
        Other Imagery
1. “When shall we three meet
  again? In thunder, lightning, or in
  rain?”(I.i.1)
2. "By the clock `tis day, and yet dark
  night strangles the traveling lamp"
  (II. iv.6-7)
3. “New honors come upon him like
  strange garments, cleave not to
  their mould but with the aid of
  use.” (I. iii. 144-145)
4. “The Thane of Cawdor lives: why do
  you dress me in borrow'd robes?"
  (I.iii.114)
           Discussion Questions
1. In Act IV, Scene i, in which the Three Witches
show the three apparitions, Shakespeare has them
speak an almost riddle-like prophecy. Why do you
think Shakespeare intended to do this?
2. If you were writing a scene in which a character's
critical future was to be said, how would you word
it? Would you just blurt it out, or also try to riddle it
up?
3. In Act IV, Scene iii, Malcolm tests Macduff by
saying he will be an even worse king than
Macbeth. What characteristics make Duncan and
Malcolm good kings, and what traits make Macbeth
a tyrant?

				
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