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Oxycontin

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									Oxycontin



  By: Alexa Monaco
    Ryan Messina
Chemical Structure of Oxycontin




  The chemical formula is C18 H21 NO4 •HCl
How is the drug classified?

 Oxycontin is classified as an opioid,
 one of the three classes of
 prescription drugs that are most
 commonly abused in the United
 States.
 Oxycontin is also known as Cotton,
 Hillbilly Heroin, Kicker, OCs, Ox, Oxy,
 Pills, 40, 40-bar.
 Oxycontin is a semi-synthetic narcotic
What is it made of? Where is it
found? How is it grown?
 Oxycontin is created from thebaine,
 an alkaloid compound in an opium
 poppy plant. The alkaloids in the
 opium, alter the thebaine do form
 oxycodone.
 Oxycontin is made in a lab, and is
 considered a synthetic heroin.
Short-Term Effects
       The most serious short-term
     effects is respiratory depression.
    Side effects are nausea, sedation,
    dizziness, vomiting, headache, dry
     mouth, sweating, and weakness.
Long-Term Effects
 Chronic use of Oxycodone can result in tolerance
 for the drugs, which means that users must take
 higher doses to achieve the same effects. Long-
 term use also can lead to physical dependence
 and addiction where the body adapts to the drug,
 and withdrawal symptoms occur if use is reduced
 or stopped.Properly managed medical use of pain
 relievers is safe and rarely causes addiction, often
 uncontrollable use of drugs. Taken exactly as
 prescribed, opioids can be used to manage pain
 effectively.
Overdose symptoms may
include…
 shallow breathing, slow heartbeat;
 Seizure (convulsions);
 cold, clammy skin;
 confusion;
 severe weakness or dizziness; or
 feeling light-headed, fainting.
How is it administered?

 Oxycodone is usually taken in the
 form of a tablet.
 It can be mashed up and taken in
 liquid.
 Oxycodone could also be injected,
 which increases the effects which
 makes it easier to become addicted.
Classifcation of Oxycodone
    Oxycodone is classified as a Schedule II
    Drug.

 •Schedule II Drug- drugs with a high abuse risk, but also have
 safe and accepted medical uses in the United States. These
 drugs can cause severe psychological or physical
 dependence. Schedule II drugs include certain narcotic,
 stimulant, and depressant drugs. Some examples are
 morphine, cocaine, oxycodone (Percodan®), methylphenidate
 (Ritalin®), and dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®). (Texas State
 Board of Pharmacy)
Physiological and Physical
Dependency
   When the effects start to wear off, the dosages
   begin to increase which leads to a high
   physiological dependency on the drug.
   There is a high risk of physical dependency
   because when you are taking the drug, you are
   able to perform your daily activities better and not
   be in pain which leads to addiction.
What is the medical use?
- Oxycodone could be used to relieve moderate
   to severe pain and induce sleep.
     Statistics
               The 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health
               (NSDUH) revealed that 3,000,000 people over the age of
               11 had tried OxyContin® for a nonmedical purpose, and
               615,000 people tried OxyContin® for nonmedical use for
               the first time in 2004. But oxycodone is well in the public
               eye because it has widespread legal use, with 38,100,000
               prescriptions in 2005, of which over 19% were for
               OxyContin. ( Drug Rehab 101 )

      Lifetime use of different varietys of Oxycodone from the age of 18-25
Oxycodone variety                             2002            2003           2004    Increase



Percodan®, Percocet®, or Tylox®               7.4%            7.8%           8.7%     1.3%
(Oxycodone combined with aspirin or
acetaminophen)

OxyContin® (extended release)                 2.6%            3.6%           4.3%     1.7%



Oxycodone (immediate release)                 8.2%            8.9%           10.1%    1.9%
Laws and Penalties

 If caught with any narcotic while
 driving you could get your license
 suspended or revoked
 If you are caught dealing the drug,
 you could be arrested and tried in
 court
Interesting facts

1. The most common test for Oxycontin is a
   urine test which works be detecting quantities
   of Oxycodone in the sample.
2. Cranberry gel pills can help pass a drug test
3. Since oxycontin is time released, when you
   crush oxycontin it causes too much
   oxycodone to be released at once
Five Arrested for Dealing Oxycontin
from Indian Smoke Shops
 On October 21, 2009, five people
 were arrested in Pierce County and
 were charged with the distribution of
 Oxycodone. They sold the Oxycontin
 for between $40 and $80 per pill.
 They sold the pill to undercover
 agents from their smoke shop
 business.

								
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