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Oxycontin By: Alexa Monaco Ryan Messina Chemical Structure of Oxycontin The chemical formula is C18 H21 NO4 •HCl How is the drug classified? Oxycontin is classified as an opioid, one of the three classes of prescription drugs that are most commonly abused in the United States. Oxycontin is also known as Cotton, Hillbilly Heroin, Kicker, OCs, Ox, Oxy, Pills, 40, 40-bar. Oxycontin is a semi-synthetic narcotic What is it made of? Where is it found? How is it grown? Oxycontin is created from thebaine, an alkaloid compound in an opium poppy plant. The alkaloids in the opium, alter the thebaine do form oxycodone. Oxycontin is made in a lab, and is considered a synthetic heroin. Short-Term Effects The most serious short-term effects is respiratory depression. Side effects are nausea, sedation, dizziness, vomiting, headache, dry mouth, sweating, and weakness. Long-Term Effects Chronic use of Oxycodone can result in tolerance for the drugs, which means that users must take higher doses to achieve the same effects. Long- term use also can lead to physical dependence and addiction where the body adapts to the drug, and withdrawal symptoms occur if use is reduced or stopped.Properly managed medical use of pain relievers is safe and rarely causes addiction, often uncontrollable use of drugs. Taken exactly as prescribed, opioids can be used to manage pain effectively. Overdose symptoms may include… shallow breathing, slow heartbeat; Seizure (convulsions); cold, clammy skin; confusion; severe weakness or dizziness; or feeling light-headed, fainting. How is it administered? Oxycodone is usually taken in the form of a tablet. It can be mashed up and taken in liquid. Oxycodone could also be injected, which increases the effects which makes it easier to become addicted. Classifcation of Oxycodone Oxycodone is classified as a Schedule II Drug. •Schedule II Drug- drugs with a high abuse risk, but also have safe and accepted medical uses in the United States. These drugs can cause severe psychological or physical dependence. Schedule II drugs include certain narcotic, stimulant, and depressant drugs. Some examples are morphine, cocaine, oxycodone (Percodan®), methylphenidate (Ritalin®), and dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®). (Texas State Board of Pharmacy) Physiological and Physical Dependency When the effects start to wear off, the dosages begin to increase which leads to a high physiological dependency on the drug. There is a high risk of physical dependency because when you are taking the drug, you are able to perform your daily activities better and not be in pain which leads to addiction. What is the medical use? - Oxycodone could be used to relieve moderate to severe pain and induce sleep. Statistics The 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) revealed that 3,000,000 people over the age of 11 had tried OxyContin® for a nonmedical purpose, and 615,000 people tried OxyContin® for nonmedical use for the first time in 2004. But oxycodone is well in the public eye because it has widespread legal use, with 38,100,000 prescriptions in 2005, of which over 19% were for OxyContin. ( Drug Rehab 101 ) Lifetime use of different varietys of Oxycodone from the age of 18-25 Oxycodone variety 2002 2003 2004 Increase Percodan®, Percocet®, or Tylox® 7.4% 7.8% 8.7% 1.3% (Oxycodone combined with aspirin or acetaminophen) OxyContin® (extended release) 2.6% 3.6% 4.3% 1.7% Oxycodone (immediate release) 8.2% 8.9% 10.1% 1.9% Laws and Penalties If caught with any narcotic while driving you could get your license suspended or revoked If you are caught dealing the drug, you could be arrested and tried in court Interesting facts 1. The most common test for Oxycontin is a urine test which works be detecting quantities of Oxycodone in the sample. 2. Cranberry gel pills can help pass a drug test 3. Since oxycontin is time released, when you crush oxycontin it causes too much oxycodone to be released at once Five Arrested for Dealing Oxycontin from Indian Smoke Shops On October 21, 2009, five people were arrested in Pierce County and were charged with the distribution of Oxycodone. They sold the Oxycontin for between $40 and $80 per pill. They sold the pill to undercover agents from their smoke shop business.
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