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JUNE 2011 P4P Update_DRAFT_17.06.11


									                                                                                                                             ISSUE 7

                    PURCHASE FOR PROGRESS                                                                               ISSUE 33

                                    JUNE UPDATE                                                                         JUNE 2011
                             FOOD SAFETY AND QUALITY
  P4P Pilot Countries          HIGHLIGHTS OF THE MONTH

         AFRICA               •    A “writeshop” process to document, package and share lessons to date on how P4P has
                                   contributed to building the capacities of Farmers’ Organizations to access markets kicked off
                                   in Kenya (see pg 5) and Tanzania in June. This exercise will help WFP bring together the
                                   overall learning with respect to critical factors that have enabled or limited the “progression”
                                   and capacity development of those FOs have had at least three contracts with WFP. Six
                                   countries (Burkina Faso, Mali, Kenya, Tanzania, El Salvador and Nicaragua) have
                                   been selected for in-depth case studies. With the support of the Royal Tropical Institute of
                                   the Netherlands, three regional “writeshops” will be held between August and September
                                   and the resulting synthesis reports will be shared with the 2011 Global Annual Review
                                   participants in November for their input and validation.
                              •    The G20 agriculture ministers meeting in Paris on 22-23 June gave emphasis to the
                                   role of smallholder agricultural producers, especially women, in developing countries in their
                                   Action Plan on Food Price Volatility and Agriculture. By increasing the productivity and
                                   income of smallholder agricultural producers, the Ministerial Declaration says that there
                                   would be improved access to food among the most vulnerable and improved supply for local
                                   and domestic markets. The Ministers also encouraged public-private partnerships to
                                   improve market and value-chain operators' cooperation and procurement from smallholders.


                              The five-year P4P initiative started in
                              Afghanistan in April 2010. The initiative
                              supports Government and partner efforts
                              by expanding market opportunities for rural
                              producers, which will contribute to
                              improved agricultural practices and
                              increased production and productivity. Only
                              12 percent of the country’s 65 million
                              hectares of land is arable. Improvement of
                              the rural and agricultural sector is widely
                              considered a key priority for the
                              development of Afghanistan.
                                                                                  An Afghan woman working in a biscuit factory

                              P4P in Afghanistan is comprised of three components:
                              1.      Local procurement of wheat grain
21 P4P Pilots:                2.      Development of local capacity for food processing and manufacturing
• 21 Country Assessment       3.      Capacity development of food quality control and hygiene
  Missions completed.         The objective in 2010 was to purchase wheat grain and High Energy Biscuits (HEB) locally,
• 20 Approved Country         which was achieved in a short time with minimum investment -
  Implementation Plans
                               •     Over 4,700 metrc tons (mt) of wheat grain was purchased from five Farmers
  (CIP): Afghanistan, DRC,
                                     Organisations (FO) in Kunduz, Faryab, Balkh and Baghlan provinces.
  El Salvador, Ethiopia,
  Honduras, Ghana,             •     The FOs are supported by supply side NGOs, ACTED (Agency for Technical Cooperation
  Guatemala, Kenya,                  and Development) and GIZ (German Agency for International Cooperation).
  Nicaragua, Burkina Faso,     •     There were no defaults experienced and re-bagging was done by the FOs using WFP
  Liberia, Mali, Malawi,             supplied pre-printed bags.
  Mozambique, Rwanda,          •     The wheat grain was used to meet immediate programme needs for 188,000
  Sierra Leone, Sudan,               beneficiaries, avoiding a pipeline break and saving WFP US $29,000.
  Tanzania, Uganda and
                               •     2 private factories contracted by WFP produced 100mt of High Energy Biscuits
                                     (HEB) used to feed 4,115 beneficiaries in the school feeding programme. In
• Laos: CIP under approval
                                     comparison with international procurement of biscuits, WFP saved US $11,000.
  (still unfunded).
                              There were some immediate challenges that had to be overcome such as quality (including
                              production practices concerning hygiene) and cost effectiveness in terms of international
                              price parity. The image of WFP as a food distribution rather than a food purchasing agency
                              and the lack of capacity from the authorities were other difficulties which challenge the P4P
                              objective in the country.
                                                                                                                        Cont’d on pg 2
Page 2                                                                                                                               ISSUE 33

Cont’d from pg 1
P4P in Afghanistan
WFP aims to develop local capacity to manufacture fortified commodities. To this end, P4P is working with the private sector and other
stakeholders to facilitate the establishment of processing industries that ensure added value. Four commodities that are in the current WFP
food basket can be produced and purchased locally: fortified biscuits, fortified flour, vegetable oil and Ready to Use Supplementary Food
(RUSF). The P4P implementation strategy has multiple activities:
           •       Flour Fortification activities (including composite fortified flour of wheat and soybean);
           •       Production of fortified biscuits through private sector with direct support from WFP;
           •       Production of commodities through Containerized Food Processing Units (CFPU) shipped in by WFP;

These activities are undertaken in collaboration with international organizations investing in the food processing sector with direct donor
Large scale flour fortification started in 2006 and today there are ten mills in five cities including Jalalabad, Kabul, Mazar, Kunduz and Heart
providing fortified flour.

•        Production is between 300-400mt/day; 65,000mt of fortified flour was milled in 2010;
•        Two new mills in Kabul joined the programme in 2011, thus doubling the production of fortified flour in Kabul;
•        Two new mills in Mazar and Kunduz will soon join the programme
•        A composite fortified flour of wheat (90%) and soybean (10%) is under development. This new commodity will be distributed under
         the Health & Nutrition activities (beneficiaries are pregnant women, lactating mothers and TB patients – yearly requirements are
         around 20,000mt). The substitution of 10% of wheat flour with soybean flour increases the protein content by 30%.
•        Trials for the utilization of locally produced soy flour for High Energy Biscuits (HEB) production were successfully carried out in
         Herat. The plan is to link soy and biscuit industries. WFP has partnered with Nutrition Education Initiative (NEI), a Korean NGO, on
         soya production and processing.

                                                                                     HELP and P4P supporting Afghan Returnees
The CFPU is a food production line which has been made transportable by
setting the factory into a series of standard 20 foot shipping containers that       HELP is a German NGO supporting newly arrived or
are assembled on-site. These units, with a capacity between 300-500 kg/h, are        poorly reintegrated returnees from Iran through the
standardized and can be integrated in almost any environment. They enable the        provision of vocational training, general education and
production of food matching WFP's specifications and are provided with post-         guided reintegration. One of their most successful
delivery service to facilitate their quick installation. There are two commodities   activities is to facilitate sustainable reintegration of
that can be produced in the CFPU: HEBs and Lipid-based Nutrient Supplements          families eligible to join Government of Afghanistan’s Land
(LNS).                                                                               Allocation Scheme (LAS). In June 2008, HELP started
For HEB production                                                                   vocational training, focusing on agriculture and gardening,
                                                                                     for the returnees in Saodat Township (formerly Taqi
•        Manufacturer for two HEB containerized factories has been selected          Naqi), 35 km west of Herat city. As a result, the number
         and contracted; manufacturing started.                                      of families gradually increased from 29 resident families in
•        Selection of a management partner for the first unit has been finalized     2008 to 93 by the end of 2010. In addition to 200 ha. of
         and the first unit will be installed in Jalalabad.                          arable land which has been cultivated collectively,
                                                                                     infrastructure including electricity, drinking water, health
•        The second unit is expected by mid 2012: the plan is to locate it in a
                                                                                     clinic and schools have also been set up. In 2010, 43
         remote area and hand it over to an NGO or a community (HELP/
                                                                                     reintegrated families decided to form a cooperative and
         Saodat FO). Some potential partners have already been identified in
                                                                                     buy a tractor to do their farming instead of receiving
                                                                                     individual support/toolkits.
•       Formal contracts with five private factories for HEB production is in
        process.                                                                P4P is planning to procure 50mt of wheat surplus
For Lipid-based Nutrient Supplements (LNS) production                           produced by the Saodat Farmers’ Organization in 2011.
                                                                                This will mark the beginning of a long term collaboration
•       Agreement signed between the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition with HELP which will include support to develop wheat
        (GAIN) and WFP. Research and Development (R&D) phase for the production and possibly food processing through
        development of a set of RUSF formulations completed.                    containerized units.
•       Local ingredients are almonds (10-30%) and biscuits (30-40%) from the
        Herat factories. A RUSF-like product will be produced in a containerized unit for which adequate technical solutions and equipment
        have been identified.
•        Three private partners have already been identified to run this unit from early 2012
WFP is working with FAO, in its capacity as the lead agency on food quality, to support the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) laboratory
(through training and supply of equipment) so that the determination of micronutrient content of fortified commodities can be done
What is planned for 2011
•        Next P4P local purchase subjected to funding availability / opportunities in Northern Afghanistan;
•        In Faryab, long term partnership agreement with ACTED, a supply side NGO, to be signed soon;
•        Herat: long term partnership agreement with HELP, a supply side NGO, to be signed soon.

P4P in Afghanistan is generously supported by the government of Canada.
Page 3                                                                                                                ISSUE 33

Promoting Food Processing in Other Purchase for Progress (P4P) Countries

Through the P4P initiative, WFP aims to collaborate with the private sector and other stakeholders to encourage the
establishment of local food processing industries, and where possible link these entities to smallholder suppliers as a source of
raw materials.

1.       Ethiopia: WFP has supported the establishment a food processing industry for Corn Soya Blend (CSB) locally known
         as FAMIX. P4P is now linking farmers organizations with this industry. P4P, with the support of Oxfam GB, is currently
         conducting a feasibility study for the local production of sesame oil.
2.       Malawi: In consultation with WFP’s Food Safety and Quality Unit (ODPFQ), P4P in Malawi is collaborating with
         General Mills in an effort to improve the shelf-life of CSB-Plus produced in Malawi. Two private companies have been
         assessed and recommendations provided for a number of improvements in the process and capacity of production.
3.       Mali: P4P is supporting the fortification of maize meal, and possibly soon sorghum.
4.       Mozambique: P4P is linking food processors with FOs supported by P4P. JAM, an NGO processor has been awarded
         a contract to supply CSB plus. In turn, JAM will procure the raw materials from smallholders.
5.       Zambia: In the first quarter of 2010, P4P offered direct contracts for the purchase of 500mt High Energy Protein
         Supplements (HEPS) from COMACO, a small processor that buys raw commodities (corn and soya) from 290
         smallholder farmers. The delivery of HEPS was delayed by three months, which almost disrupted the pipeline. WFP had
         to transport available stock in its warehouse to avoid a pipeline break. Lessons learnt: 500mt was too large a quantity
         for COMACO's processing capacity; Due to the shift to home grown school feeding programme, HEPS demand in 2011
         decreased to an annual requirement of 200mt. In the second half of 2011, WFP will procure 100mt of HEPS. P4P is
         considering ways to contract COMACO for volumes within its capacity.

Food Safety and Quality Management System – Policy to Implementation
In 2010, WFP, with FAO support, upgraded its food safety and quality system to be more proactive and prevention-focused
throughout the food supply chain. The global roll-out of the ‘Food Safety and Quality Management System (FSQMS)’
commenced in East and Southern Africa with South Africa launching the system in July 2010. So far, it has been piloted in six
other countries in the region namely; Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique. The implementation of the
FSQMS aims to:

          1.     ensure distribution of safe and good quality food to beneficiaries.
          2.     reduce and prevent food quality incidents and therefore food losses;
          3.     maximize donor contributions, to protect donor and WFP reputations;
The system places an emphasis on one of the most critical part of the supply chain: the reliability of the suppliers, the
inspection companies and the food laboratories. The related business processes used to populate the system were developed
in collaboration with Unilever.

The Food Safety and Quality Assurance Unit (ODPFQ) is conducting orientation workshops to introduce WFP staff (mainly
Heads of Country Office, procurement and logistic units) to the FSQMS principles. The documented outputs from the several
implementation missions undertaken in the pilot region are:

          •      An assessment and rating of suppliers based on a safety and quality questionnaire, as well as the physical audit
                 of food processors. Procurement Officers are consulted prior to confirming the final rating.
          •      The audit of 40 food processors to ensure compliance with international regulations including the Good
                 Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) and the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP). ODPFQ is
                 following up to ensure audit recommendations are implemented by food processors.
          •      The establishment of Long Term Agreements (LTAs) that include an extended scope of work with selected
                 inspection companies to ensure that investments by these companies are made to meet WFP requirements.
          •      The assessment of laboratories to ensure reliability to perform food analysis as per WFP requirements.
          •      Update of WFP food specifications taking into account country specific regulations.
Next steps

The next phase of the pilot will be to launch the FSQMS in West Africa. ODPFQ is in the process of developing a food safety
and quality manual which will enable the relevant divisions and country offices to rely on a set of standard operating
procedures and regulations. The aim is to have the manual in use by early 2012. Plans are underway to implement a web-based
software to support the FSQMS. Once in place, it will be used to track assessments, incident occurrence, laboratory reports
and other pertinent supplier information in order to arrive at a supplier performance rating. This software will enable WFP to
build a ‘food quality’ database facilitating the management and measuring of quality and compliance. For more information on
the FSQMS contact:
Page 4                                                                                                                  ISSUE 33

As part of WFP’s overall upgrading of its food safety and quality
management system, and with an initial focus on those countries
implementing P4P, WFP’s Food Quality unit (ODPFQ) has introduced
the “Blue Box”, based on a concept developed under P4P in
The “Blue Box” is a relatively small kit containing a set of grain quality
testing equipment and tools to screen food quality at the field level. The
blue box contains: grain sampling equipment; grading equipment,
aflatoxin test kit; and power supplies. It can be used by WFP staff,
farmers, food processors and other food chain stakeholders.
Intertek South Africa is one private company that has been involved
with the development of the WFP “Blue Boxes”. The main reason for
naming it the “Blue Box” was as a result of the first box being painted
blue. In line with technological advances, Intertek has created a more
versatile, lighter and more robust version of the “Blue Box”, now
created from aluminium and presented in a natural finish.
“Intertek values the relationship that we have with WFP and apart from investments in the design and development of the WFP
“Blue Box”, Intertek has also invested in training workshops which actively involve WFP staff and as such afford the opportunity to
transfer skills, not only to Intertek staff but also to the local WFP Office Staff”, says Mr. Charles Botha, an Agri-Business
Development Manager with Intertek.
 “WFP’s role in promoting food safety and quality standards would be vital in the success of the P4P programme as progress can only
be achieved through creation of sustainability. By transferring skills and supplying necessary tools, suppliers in the P4P programme
can measure performance not only on quantity but also quality supplied”.

Chemiphar Limited, a company based in Kampala, Uganda, is also involved and contracted by WFP to develop the “blue box”.
The company invested in developing the technology because of the “urgent need for improvement of quality control in food
commodities”. “It would also help the farmers and traders to understand better what quality of food commodities is expected from
them and thus improve on what they sell to WFP” said Mr. Annick Uytterhaegen, the Managing Director at Chemiphar.
“We hope that by putting the "blue box" in place, it will help to reduce the amount of food quality issues which have been too
frequent in the past years”.
Mr. Botha adds that there is also a market for the blue box beyond WFP and the NGO world. “What Intertek has realized from the
time and efforts put into these boxes, is that no food inspection point should be without one”.
For more information on the “blue box” contact: Mr. Charles Botha, Agri Business Development Manager at Intertek on:; and Mr. Annick Uytterhaegen, Managing Director at Chemiphar on:

Page 5                                                                                                                                      ISSUE 33

Charlotte Bienfait and Eleni Pantiora, Food Technologists (“WFP Food Safety Ladies”)
                                                            Charlotte Bienfait and Eleni Pantiora work for the recently established WFP Food
                                                            Safety and Quality Assurance Unit (ODPFQ). For French national Charlotte, who
                                                            finished her studies in Food Industry Technologies at the Lille University Graduate
                                                            Engineering School, it is the first job following several internships, among them
                                                            working for a microbiology laboratory in Nanjing, China. Eleni, a Greek national,
                                                            had gathered first work experience at the European Food Safety Authority in
                                                            Parma, Italy after her Masters in Food Safety at the University of Wageningen,
                                                            Charlotte and Eleni’s main task is support for the field – especially in the area of
                                                            training on food safety and quality. The trainings can be somehow challenging, as
                                                            Charlotte says: “Food safety and quality are notions that are evolving and consequently
                                                            WFP may not necessarily have the capacity and the people on the ground to take care of
                                                            it. In addition, as food safety and quality have to be maintained all along the supply chain –
                                                            from the procurement, along transport, during storage and until distribution - it brings in a
                                                            lot of actors that need to be made aware of these quality issues.”
The “Blue Box” is Charlotte and Eleni’s current priority. It is one of the most tangible outcomes of P4P so far. Eleni says: “The Blue Box came
out of P4P Guatemala, but we have now taken the concept, expanded it and adjusted the contents and standards for users in Africa. Although still at the
‘spring’ of its implementation in Africa, the developing needs for quality assessment and the toolbox flexibility may lead the Blue Box also to other
geographic regions.” With the “Blue Box”, WFP staff and implementing partners can conduct basic quality testing on different commodities.
This does not replace WFP’s mandatory quality testing by independent inspectors, but is a very valuable precautionary tool when checking
stored commodities or other food purchases for WFP’s operations.

Kenya “Writeshop”: Lolgorian Farmers Speak Out

The “Lolgorian Grain Growers Self-Help Group” was formed in Kenya’s Transmara district in
2009. The remote but fertile area has for years been affected by disputes over land and cattle
between pastoral communities and farming communities.

The Kenyan Ministry of Agriculture therefore implemented a programme called “Farming for
Peace” in Transmara. “When our farmers left pastoralism and gradually got into farming, they
stopped fighting”, says the districts’ Agriculture Officer Ernest Muendo. The arrival of Purchase
for Progress (P4P) in the area at the end of 2009 also helped, as it represented an important
market outlet for quality food in the remote area.

“Before, there was no reliable market, so the groups did not last. In the last three years, new
groups have formed, and many of them are surviving, because they see a market. Other traders
                                                                                                Lolgorian FO members in discussions
and millers are now coming to Transmara, like the Lesiolo Grain Handlers who want to partner
with P4P in Transmara,” says Muendo. According to him, P4P is contributing to the stabilization of the area, attracting new buyers and
encouraging the building of rural infrastructure.

Cooperative spirit

P4P also had a huge impact on the cooperative spirit of the farmers. The Lolgorian group was formed because of the potential WFP market:
“Initially, we were a group of 10 Maasai farmers who were looking for buyers. We learned that a widows group in Angata was selling to
WFP, so we enquired how we could also do that. We were told that farmers must be organized, and must be able to bulk at least a
truck-load. So we each came with 10-20 friends and we registered the group with the Cereal Growers Association. The newly formed
group, the “Lolgorian Grain Growers Self-help group”, had approximately 60 members. Now, two years later, we already have 180 active
members,” says a representative of the organisation.

Before P4P, the farmers used to produce mainly for their own consumption and sell small quantities to local traders for cash. With access to
the WFP market, farmers have substantially increased production and subsequently the share of their surplus channelled through the
cooperative, and decreased the share sold at the farm-gate. The share sold to traders remains at 30-40% of the surplus to get cash
immediately at harvest time to pay school fees and prepare for the next agricultural season. All farmers say that since joining the
cooperative, they have increased yields and acreage under cultivation, and that the major trigger for this was the prospect of an assured
market with WFP.


In addition to improved incomes that come from improved quality, the farmers emphasize that now they eat good quality maize at home,
and that “good quality is good for your health”.

Despite its youth, the group has met the WFP quality standards in all three contracts to date. “When you want to sell your cow, you tell the
buyer how fat and fertile your cow is. Now we can tell and show to the buyers the good quality of our grain, and get a better price,” said
another leader of the cooperative.

In a very short time, with no previous experience in group marketing, the newly formed group managed to sign and deliver on three
contracts with WFP. All members and leaders agree that the successful delivery on the first WFP contract largely contributed to build trust,
an issue with which the cooperative had initially struggled. “Our major constraints now are zebras and elephants, and rodents who eat our
maize,” they say.
Page 6                                                                                                                    ISSUE 33

KEY P4P CONTACTS IN ROME                                         P4P Country Coordinators/Focal Points
• Ken Davies, P4P Coordinator:                Asia
                                                                 Afghanistan: Stephane Meaux <>
• Sarah Longford, Snr Programme Adviser, Partnerships:           Laos: Sengpaseuth <>                                         Regional Bureau Focal Point: Francois Buratto
• Mary-Ellen McGroarty, Snr Programme Adviser for Ethio-         <>
  pia, Kenya, Laos, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania,
  Uganda & Zambia:                  Eastern, Southern & Central Africa
• Jorge Fanlo, Snr Programme Adviser for Afghanistan, Burkina    Democratic Republic of Congo: Kojo Anyanful
  Faso, DRC, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone & South Sudan:   <>                                            Ethiopia: Enrico Pausilli <>
• Clare Mbizule: Snr Programme Adviser, M&E:                     Kenya: Martin Kabaluapa <>                                          Malawi: Tobias Flaemig <>
                                                                 Mozambique: Billy Mwiinga <>
• Alessia De Caterina, M&E Officer:                              Rwanda: Emmanuela Mashayo <>                                     South Sudan: Marc Sauveur <>
• Blake Audsley, Market Analyst:           Tanzania: Dominique Leclercq <>
• Tobias Bauer, Communications Officer:                          Uganda: Elvis Odeke <>                                          Zambia: Felix Edwards <>
• Mark Lwanga Agoya, Reports Officer:                            Regional Bureau Focal Point: Simon Denhere                                             <>
• Helen Kamau-Waweru, Finance Officer:                           WFP’s secondee to ACTESA: Simon Dradri <>                                     West Africa
• Ester Rapuano, Snr Finance Assistant.:                         Burkina Faso: Veronique Sainte-Luce <>                                         Ghana: Hassan Abdelrazig <>
• Amanda Crossland, Snr Staff Assistant to P4P Coordinator:      Liberia: Lansana Wonneh <>                                       Mali: Isabelle Mballa <>
• Kathryn Bell, Admin. Assistant:           Sierra Leone: Miyuki Yamashita <>
• Alessia Rossi, Staff Assistant:          Regional Bureau Focal Point: Jean-Martin Bauer
PROCUREMENT DIVISION                                             Latin American & Caribbean
• Bertrand Salvignol: Food Technologist:                         El Salvador: Hebert Lopez <>                                     Guatemala: Sheryl Schneider <>
• Van Hoan Nguyen: Food Technologist:                            Honduras: Nacer Benalleg <>                                         Nicaragua: Francisco Alvarado <>
• Jeffrey Marzilli: P4P liaison:        Regional Bureau Focal Point: Laura Melo <>
• Laila Ahadi: Procurement Officer:


FAO, June 2011: “Save and Grow: A policymaker’s guide to the sustainable intensification of smallholder crop production.”
The full publication available at:

Oxfam, June 2011: “Growing a Better Future – Food Justice in a Resource Constrained World.” Complete report and
summary available at:

Michigan State University (MSU), June 20011: “Constraints to the Development of Commodity Exchanges in Africa”: A
Case Study of ZAMACE available at:

UK Government, June 2011: “Foresight. The Future of Food and Farming: Challenges and Choices for Global
Sustainability,” a report. Full report and Executive Summary can be found at the below link:


•        27 June - 22 July: Nicaragua and El Salvador “writeshops” (Country Case Studies)
•        11 July - 5 Aug: Burkina Faso and Mali “writeshops” (Country Case Studies)
•        18 July - 19 July: ASEAN Food Security Conference - Improving Access, Advancing Food Security, Manila
•        18 july - 20 July: COMESA 4th joint Technical Committee on Agriculture, Environment and Natural
                             Resources Meeting", Mbabane, Swaziland

                  The update is published by the P4P Coordination Unit in Rome, Italy. Contact us at
                           External: Internal:

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