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Prostate Cancer - Information on Prostate Cancer

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					The prostate is a gland. It helps make semen, the fluid that contains
sperm. The prostate surrounds the tube that carries urine away from the
bladder and out of the body. A young man's prostate is about the size of
a walnut. It slowly grows larger with age. If it gets too large, it can
cause problems. This is very common after age 50. The older men get, the
more likely they are to have prostate trouble.Prostate cancer is an
abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells that results in the formation of a
tumor in the prostate gland. Prostate, the walnut sized gland, is a part
of the reproductive system which lies deep in the pelvis. It is located
in front of the rectum and underneath the urinary bladder and surrounds
the urethra, (the urine tube running from the bladder, through the
prostate and the penis). It contains gland cells that produce some of the
seminal fluid, which protects and nourishes sperm cells in semen and
supports the ejaculatory ducts, or sperm tubes. The prostate continues to
grow till a man reaches adulthood and is maintained after it reaches
normal size as long as male hormones are produced. The growth of prostate
cells and the way the prostate gland works is dependent on the male sex
hormone, testosterone, which is produced in the testicles.Prostate cancer
develops most frequently in men over fifty. This cancer can occur only in
men, as the prostate is exclusively of the male reproductive tract. It is
the most common type of cancer in men in the United States, where it is
responsible for more male deaths than any other cancer, except lung
cancer. However, many men who develop prostate cancer never have
symptoms, undergo no therapy, and eventually die of other causes. Many
factors, including genetics and diet, have been implicated in the
development of prostate cancer.NHL (Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma) is yet
another common form of cancer. This refers to a the growth of a large
group of cancers that affect the immunity system. The symptoms of non-
Hodgkin's lymphoma are those of fever and weight loss, a sure sign that
the immunity system has been affected. This is a cancer that can affect
any age group, and its treatment is completely dependent on the stage of
detection of the cancer.Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and
initially remains confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause
serious harm. While some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may
need minimal or no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread
quickly. If prostate cancer is detected early -- when it's still confined
to the prostate gland -- you have a better chance of successful
treatment.Prostate cancer is found mainly in older men. As men age, the
prostate may get bigger and block the urethra or bladder. This may cause
difficulty in urination or can interfere with sexual function. The
condition is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and although it
is not cancer, surgery may be needed to correct it. The symptoms of
benign prostatic hyperplasia or of other problems in the prostate may be
similar to symptoms of prostate cancer.Radical prostatectomy is a surgery
to remove the whole prostate gland and the nearby lymph nodes. Most men
who have this surgery are under general anesthesia (puts you into a
sleep-like state). After the prostate gland is taken out, a catheter (a
narrow rubber tube) is put through the penis into the bladder to carry
urine out of the body until the area heals.

				
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