Lyme Disease -causes, Symptoms, Treatment by anamaulida

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        <p>Treatment of Lyme Disease<br><br>Lyme disease, or borreliosis,
is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of
bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.[1] Borrelia burgdorferi is the
predominant cause of Lyme disease in the U.S., whereas Borrelia afzelii
and Borrelia garinii are implicated in most European cases.Lyme disease
is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted to
humans by the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. Typical symptoms
include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called
erythema migrans. If left untreated, infection can spread to joints, the
heart, and the nervous system.<br><br>You're more likely to get Lyme
disease if you live or spend time in the grassy and heavily wooded areas
where ticks carrying the disease breed. It's important to take common-
sense precautions in areas where Lyme disease is prevalent. If treated
with appropriate antibiotics in the early stages of the
disease,<br><br>Causes of Lyme Disease<br>Ticks feed on blood, attaching
to a host and feeding until they're swollen to many times their normal
size. During feeding, ticks that carry disease-producing bacteria can
transmit the bacteria to a healthy host. Or they may pick up bacteria
themselves if the host is infected. In areas where Lyme disease is
common, as many as 50 percent of deer ticks may carry Correlative
burgdorferi.<br><br>Location - Some states have a higher incidence of
Lyme disease than others. The 10 states that have the most reported cases
of Lyme Disease yearly include New York, New Jersey, Connecticut,
Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Maryland, Delaware, New Hampshire,
and Maine. Increased risk in these areas can be attributed to a greater
amount of wooded areas and a larger quantity of deer.<br><br>Symptoms of
Lyme Disease<br>Human Lyme borreliosis generally occurs in stages, with
remissions and exacerbations and different symptoms at each stage. The
first stage of Lyme disease is a rash known as erythema migrans (EM),
which usually occurs several days to a month after the tick bite, and
consists of a small red lesion that later expands to form a ring-shaped
rash - "bull's eye" - a bright red ring encircling the bite and a clear
area at the center. Symptoms of Lyme disease are diverse and often occur
in early and late phases. They vary widely from person to person. Any one
symptom may fail to appear, and symptoms may overlap in various
combinations. Death from Lyme disease is very rare and occurs only in a
few cases in which the heart is severely affected.<br><br>How is Lyme
disease treated<br>Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics. Early-stage
Lyme disease responds very well to treatment. In most cases, 14 to 30
days of treatment with an antibiotic kills the bacteria. Your doctor will
tell you how many days to take the antibiotic. It's important for you to
take all the medicine your doctor prescribes to prevent the spread of
Lyme disease to your joints, nervous system or heart.<br><br>Intravenous
antibiotics<br>If the disease has progressed, your doctor may recommend
treatment with an intravenous antibiotic for 14 to 28 days. This is
effective in eliminating infection, although it may take some time to
recover symptomatically. Intravenous antibiotics can cause various side
effects, including a lower white blood cell count, gallstones and mild to
severe diarrhea.</p>        <!--INFOLINKS_OFF-->
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