Project Development Organization Chart - PowerPoint

Document Sample
Project Development Organization Chart - PowerPoint Powered By Docstoc
					    THE “PLAYERS” IN
     CONSTRUCTION
• THE OWNERS AND RELATED
  RESOURCES
• THE DESIGN TEAM
• THE CONTRACTING TEAM
• REGULATORY AGENTS
CONSTRUCTION PROJECT
 ORGANIZATION CHART
 THE OWNER AND RELATED
       RESOURCES
• Definition: The owner is the individual or
  organization (of any business or contractual
  configuration) who is the instigator/initiator and
  ultimate buyer and possessor of the project.
• The owner is totally responsible for the financing
  of the project.
• It is also the person or firm who has identified the
  need(s) which could be resolved by a construction
  project.
   THE OWNER AND RELATED
      RESOURCES (CONT.)
• The owner is referred to as a Client when involved
  in the hiring of and relationship with legal, design,
  construction management, constructor, and other
  professionals.
• The (Land) Developer is a speculator who
  purchases a tract of vacant land, installs the
  infrastructure and utilities, creates lots or sites, and
  then offers such sites for further development
  through building construction.
  THE OWNER AND RELATED
     RESOURCES (CONT.)
• User usually refers to the person or
  organization legally defined as lessee or
  tenant, who uses at least a portion of a
  project, but is not the owner of the entire
  complex.
• Occupants are nontransient users. (who live
  or work in a facility)
  THE OWNER AND RELATED
     RESOURCES (CONT.)
• A Lessee is a person or organization who
  gains the right of access to and use of a
  property/facility through a relatively long-
  term agreement. (i.e. a lease)
• Lessor is the person or organization who is
  usually the owner of the property/facility
  offered for use of others, the lessees, on a
  long-term basis.
   THE OWNER AND RELATED
      RESOURCES (CONT.)
• A Renter is one who gains access and use of
  property through payment of a rental fee.
• Lender/banker/financer: An array of individuals
  and organizations that specialize in supplying
  (loan) money for the construction of projects.
• Owner’s representatives are persons on the staff
  of the owner or hired separately to act in the
  owner’s absence and to offer the owner’s
  perspective in all matters. (Usually a person with
  design and construction background)
          THE DESIGN TEAM
• Design professional: A person (a firm) who has the
  education, training, experience, and other
  qualifications to meet the prevailing state laws which
  offer “registration” of professionals.
• Architect: A design professional whose primary role
  is the compilation and analysis of information for, and
  the creation of, a detailed design for the project to
  meet the specific needs and desires of the client.
• (Professional) Engineers: persons who are registered
  for participation, and practice in one or more of the
  many fields of construction oriented engineering areas
  (civil, structural, mechanical, electrical, architectural,
  etc.).
   THE DESIGN TEAM (CONT.)
• A principal is an individual who has the final
  responsible charge of work produced by the firm
  (usually one of the registered design
  professionals).
• Partner is the term denoting a party to a business
  operation wherein fiscal and technical
  responsibilities are shared between persons legally
  combined as partners.
• Associate is a person that is promoted “from the
  ranks” and is given added authority in the firm’s
  operations, with or without a capital investment.
    THE DESIGN TEAM (CONT.)
• Sole Proprietors are single registered professionals who
  own and operate a business or professional practice, with
  no partners or others having a financial interest in the
  business.
• The term Designer can be applied as a short title for the
  design professional who develops the basic overall project
  design concept.
• Contractibility Manager is an individual, or team leader,
  with strong construction background who can act in a
  formal program as a “third-party assessor”in a project;
  usually on the staff of the design or design/build firm.
   THE DESIGN TEAM (CONT.)
• Drafter/CAD Operator/Designer are terms
  currently used as names in lieu of the traditional
  “draftsman”.
• Cooperative (Co-op) students are staffers who are
  usually college students enrolled in an academic
  program.
• The Specifications Writer is usually a senior
  person or at least a highly experienced person in a
  firm, who is fully dedicated to production of
  project manuals and specifications.
    THE DESIGN TEAM (CONT.)
• Project Representative / Contract Administrator: These
  titles denote the professional firm’s on-site (field)
  representative.
• The Project Architect (Engineer) or Job Captain is the
  individual member of the design professional’s staff who is
  in charge of and responsible for the technical development
  of the project, including contract documents and
  construction.
• (Land) Surveyor is a person trained, qualified, and
  registered in the art of surveying and establishing land
  boundaries, and establishing grade (height) elevations,
  variations, and profiles.
   THE DESIGN TEAM (CONT.)
• Consultant (various disciplines): persons or firms
  who specialize in a narrow aspect of a project are
  called consultants.
   –   Structural
   –   Safety
   –   Environmental
   –   Geotechnical
   –   HVAC
   –   Value Engineering
  THE CONTRACTING TEAM
• Contractors are the persons or organizations that
  actually perform the construction work on the project.
  The term in its most common form is used to mean the
  traditional “General Contractor” who oversees the
  entire project, may perform portions of it, and hires or
  supervises the work of specialty subcontractors.
• A more current term, Constructor, means much the
  same as Contractor. It refers to and emphasizes
  “constructing” and not so much to “contracting”. The
  term is quite valid, but carries no meaningful change
  in responsibility, expertise, or legal status.
THE CONTRACTING TEAM (CONT.)

• The contractor’s or subcontractor’s Project
  Manager is an office staffer who coordinates all
  aspects of the work assigned or under contract.
• The contractor’s primary on-site person, the
  Superintendent, has overall responsibility for the
  construction of the project.
• The Foreperson is an individual who is in direct
  charge of a work crew or of a subcontractor’s
  entire workforce on the site.
THE CONTRACTING TEAM (CONT.)
• Value Engineer is a person who seeks to identify
  unnecessary costs in both design and construction, and
  proposes alternative schemes or technology, without
  sacrificing project quality.
• The Estimator is an individual whose task is to gather
  and maintain actual costs of work items, materials,
  and subcontractor bids and prices.
• In some cases contractors have separate staffer,
  Expediters, who are specifically assigned to “make
  things happen” (e.g. scheduling crew and material
  deliveries, and coordinating operations with deliveries
  and crew availability).
THE CONTRACTING TEAM (CONT.)

• Construction Managers are individuals or firms
  placed under separate contract with the owner to
  evaluate design approaches and contractibility and
  to provide value engineering and management in a
  project.
• Subcontractors are the individuals or
  organizations with expertise in one of the specific
  and narrow ranges of work required on the project
  (e.g. supplying and installing ceramic tile).
THE CONTRACTING TEAM (CONT.)
• Worker is the general, all-inclusive term to
  describe those who have particular skills,
  education, training, and knowledge about specific
  types of construction work.
• Tradesperson: Workers trained and skilled in a
  narrow-scope trade, usually involving a single or
  fairly limited range of materials or systems.
• Journeyman indicates a worker who has served a
  term of prescribed apprenticeship and has acquired
  requisite training, knowledge, skill, and a level of
  experience in the trade.
THE CONTRACTING TEAM (CONT.)

• Apprentice is the name and program which has
  been carried over from the historical system of a
  young person learning a trade in the shop, or
  working with a “guild” craftsman who was highly
  skilled and experienced in the work.
• Technician is:
   – a mechanic or person doing repair or other work o f
     adjusting, testing, or calibrating of an item or
     equipment.
   – a person who operates in technical support role to a
     design professional.
THE CONTRACTING TEAM (CONT.)

• Installer is a trained worker whose principal
  function is to locate, assemble as necessary,
  anchor, and adjust materials, equipment, or
  apparatus for full and proper functioning.
• Job clerk is a person who tracks documents,
  monitor costs on-site, and generally engage with
  the documentation involved in the progress of the
  work.
• Site Secretary: A secretary for on-site
  administration. (heavily engaged in clerical
  pursuits)
THE CONTRACTING TEAM (CONT.)
• Clerk-of-the-Works is the predecessor to the
  construction manager. Hired as a full-time on-site
  representative of the owner, the clerk ensures
  compliance with contract documents through daily
  exposure to and inspection of construction work and
  process.
• Supplier is a company that provides various building
  and construction materials, systems, devices,
  equipment, and so forth for use on the project work.
• The Manufacturer’s Representative is basically a
  “contract salesperson” hired by a manufacturer to
  service a specific geographical territory.
     REGULATORY AGENTS
• (Chief) Building Official: An employee of the
  local governmental jurisdiction, the primary
  person for enforcement of a building code within
  that jurisdiction.
• Plans Examiner: This official reviews contract
  documents submitted for a project building permit.
• Building (Field) Inspectors: One or more persons
  who work in the same office as and for the chief
  building official.
REGULATORY AGENTS (CONT.)
• Inspectors (governmental agency/disciplines/trades):
  Persons who perform various on-site inspections to
  ascertain compliance with agency regulations and who
  monitor in-progress work where complying elements
  will be hidden from sight in the final work.
• Cost (Controller) Clerk/Project Controller : Persons
  monitoring the actual costs of the project functions
  both on-site and in the office, comparing them with
  the budgets and anticipated expenditures, payrolls,
  effort hours, and other trends. (primarily a function of
  the contractor)

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: Project Development Organization Chart document sample