Human Geography In Action – Chapter 5 One Billion and Counting: The Hidden Momentum of
Population Growth in India
Answer the following questions on a separate piece of paper.
1. True/False Anything that grows as a constant percentage of its own size will double in a
given number of years, and then will double again in the same number of years,
assuming the growth rate stays exactly the same.
2. True/False Most Third World countries today are in stage 1 of the demographic transition.
3. True/False A majority of the world’s population resides in developed countries.
4. True/False In the third stage of the demographic transition, death rates level off at a low
level, and birth rates fall dramatically.
5. True/False Immigration counts for most of the population growth in most countries.
6. True/False The crude death rate declines earlier than the crude birth rate as countries pass
through the demographic transition.
7. True/False Countries never reach equilibrium in population growth.
8. True/False The demographic transition model applies equally well to developed and
9. True/False Since the 1970s, the total fertility rate in India has declined.
10. True/False Women in India enjoy near-equal status as males
11. True/False The demographic transition model describes a transition from a fairly stable
population with high crude birth and death rates to a fairly stable population with
low crude birth and death rates.
12. The hidden momentum of population:
a. holds that life expectancies take more than a generation to slow down
b. is due to the large proportion of children in most developing countries
c. only occurs in developed countries
d. is why countries take so little time to complete the demographic transition
e. accounts for the transition from stage 2 to stage 3 of the demographic transition
13. The hidden momentum of population growth is due to:
a. youthful age structures
b. unbalanced sex ratios that strongly favor males over females
c. rapidly-changing life expectancies
d. increasing birth rates
14. The total fertility rate is:
a. the number of births per 1000 people
b. the number of female births per 1000 people
c. the number of births per 1000 females
d. the difference between the crude birth rates and the crude death rate
e. the average number of children that a female has as she passes through her
15. An age-sex diagram shaped like a diamond would describe which of the following
a. a rapidly growing population
b. a slow-growing population
c. a stable population
d. a declining population
16. Why is Germany’s crude death rate higher than India’s?
a. declining quality of life in Germany
b. widespread out-migration in Germany
c. Germany’s older population
d. erroneous death statistics
17. In what stage of the demographic transition does India today best fit?
a. stage 1 (high birth and death rates)
b. stage 2 (high birth and declining death rates)
c. stage 3 (declining birth rates and low death rates)
d. stage 4 (low birth and death rates)
18. Which is not a difference between the less-developed countries and the more-
developed countries as they pass through their demographic transitions?
a. the LDC economies are profoundly different than the MDC populations
upon which the model was based
b. the LDC are more heavily populated than were the MDCs when they went
through the demographic transition
c. the LDCs have fewer out-migration safety-valve destinations
d. the death rate decline is occurring much more rapidly in the LDCs than it
did in the MDCs
e. the demographic transition in the LDCs is taking much longer than in the
19. The age-specific fertility rate indicates
a. the number of births per woman in a certain age cohort
b. the average children in a country
c. the average age of women giving birth
d. the rate of fertile women in each age cohort
e. the rate of female to male births
20. India’s population just passed what level in the year 2000?
a. 500 million
b. 1 billion
c. 2 billion
d. 100 million
e. none of the above
21. Rumors of what population policy contributed to the ouster of president Indhira
Gandhi in the 1970s?
a. infanticide of baby girls
b. lack of any family planning program
c. promotion of large families and no use of contraception
d. forced sterilization
e. distribution of faulty birth control pills
22. When a country has scattered settlements of their national group living abroad, this is
c. population pyramid
d. demographic transition
e. hidden momentum
23. Which of the following demographic trends are caused by later marriage age, women
moving into the workforce and higher education, introduction of social security plans for
old age, a shrinking percentage of people engaged in agriculture, and people moving into
a. decline of CBR in Stage 2 of the demographic transition
b. decline of CBR in Stage 3 of the demographic transition
c. decline of CDR in Stage 2 of the demographic transition
d. decline of CDR in Stage 3 the demographic transition
24. The world’s population is currently around
a. 800 million (800,000,000)
b. 200 billion (200,000,000,000)
c. 6.5 billion
d. 22 billion
e. 2.7 million
25. According to the following age-sex diagram, Japan’s population pyramid signifies
that Japan’s population is most likely
c. currently in the midst of a “baby boom”
26. A country with a CBR of 45 per 1000 and a CDR of 12 per 1000 has a natural
increase rate of
e. undetermined because the net migration rate is not given