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					‘The Day of the Dead’

     Art work from
     other Cultures:
What is the day of the Dead?
• More than 500 years ago, when the Spanish
  Conquistadors landed in what is now Mexico,
  they saw native Indians practicing a ritual
  that seemed to mock death.
      The Day of the Dead
• A ritual known today as Dia de los
  Muertos, or Day of the Dead, had
  been practiced by the local people
  at least 3,000 years.
• The Spaniards tried to stamp out
  the ritual but were unsuccessful.
• It is still celebrated in Mexico and
  certain parts of the USA.
 What is The Day of The Dead?
• This ancient festivity has been
  changed throughout the years, but
  which was originally intended to
  celebrate children and the dead.
• The best way to describe this
  Mexican holiday is to say that it is
  a time when Mexican families
  remember their dead, and the
  continuity of life.
 What is The Day of The Dead?
• Celebrations are held each year in Mesa,
  Chandler, Guadalupe and at Arizona
  State University.
• Although the ritual has since been
  merged with Catholic celebrations, it
  still keeps some of the elements of the
  Aztec ritual, such as the use of skulls.
What is The Day of The Dead?
 What is The Day of The Dead?
• The original celebration can be traced
  to the festivities held during the Aztec
  month of Miccailhuitontli, ritually
  presided by the goddess Mictecacihuatl
  ("Lady of the Dead"), and dedicated to
  children and the dead.
• The rituals during this month also
  featured a festivity dedicated to the
  major Aztec war deity, Huitzilopochtli
  ("Sinister Hummingbird").
When is the Day of the Dead?
• In the Aztec calendar, the Day of the
  Dead ritual fell roughly at the end of
  July and the beginning of August.
• The Spanish priests moved the ritual so
  that it came at the same time as the
  Christian holiday of Halloween (in
  Spanish: "Día de Todos Santos,")
• As a result the Mexicans now celebrate
  the Day of the Dead during the first
  two days of November rather than at
  the beginning of summer.
Day of the dead masks
        What happens in the
          celebrations?
• The day’s activities consist of visits by
  families to the graves of their close kin.
• At the gravesites family members start
  by sprucing up the gravesite, decorating
  it with flowers, setting out and enjoying
  a picnic, and interacting socially with
  other family and community members
  who gather at the cemetery.
• Families remember the departed by
  telling stories about them.
         What happens in the
           celebrations?
• The meals prepared for these picnics are
  sumptuous, usually featuring meat dishes in
  spicy sauces, a special egg-batter bread,
  cookies, chocolate, and sugary confections in a
  variety of animal or skull shapes.
• Gravesites or family altars are decorated
  with large, bright flowers such as marigolds
  and chrysanthemums and adorned with
  religious jewellery and (in smaller villages)
  with offerings of food, cigarettes and
  alcoholic drinks.
        What happens in the
          celebrations?
• The warm social environment, the
  colorful setting, and the abundance of
  food, drink and good company this
  commemoration of the dead is pleasant
  in spite of its morbid subject.
• The festive interaction between living
  and dead in an important social ritual
  and a way of recognising the cycle of
  life and death that is human existence.
Art work of the Day of the Dead
Art work of the Day of the Dead
        What happens in the
          celebrations?
• The Day of the Dead is a time for the dead to
  return home and visit loved ones, feast on
  their favorite foods and listen to their
  favorite music.
• In the homes, family members honor their
  deceased with ofrendas or offerings which
  may consist of photographs, bread, other
  foods, flowers, toys and other symbolic
  offerings.
Calaveras - songs and poems
     about the festival
Examples of work by students
Examples of work by students
Examples of work by students
Examples of work by students
Examples of work by students
Examples of work by students
Examples of work by students
David Cation - artist’s work
David Cation - artist’s work
David Cation - artist’s work
               Glossary
• alfenique - a special confection used to
  fashion skulls, fruits and other figures.
• angelitos - the souls of the children who
  have died, literally "little angels"
• atole - an ancient drink made from corn
  meal and water flavored with various
  fruits.
• calavera - a skull, also a slang term for
  "daredevil"
              Glossary
• calaveras - songs and poems about the
  festival
• careta -a face mask
• cempazuchitl - a yellow marigold, the
  symbol of death
• copalli - a scented resin used to make
  candles
              Glossary
• mole - a thick sauce made from a
  variety of ingredients including chilis,
  sesame seeds, herbs, spices,
  chocolate/fruit.
• ofrenda - an offering, refers to the
  goods set out on the altars
• pan de los muertos - bread of the dead

				
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