INSANITY - California Police Chiefs Association by wulinqing

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									MARIJUANA?
  Lets Just Talk

    INSANITY



          Roger Morgan
          Executive Director
          Coalition for A Drug-Free California
          P.O. Box 1450
          Lincoln, Ca. 95648
          (916) 434 5629
          roger@drugfreecalifornia




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MARIJUANA …..
  Lets Just Talk INSANITY!
        By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition For A Drug-Free California

California Governor Schwarzenegger opened Pandora’s Box when he asked that we look at the
experience of other countries to see if California should legalize marijuana to help fix the budget.
He should have access to the best scientific evidence available which would obviate the need to even
pose the question. However, to the extent he and those in his Administration who should counsel
him on these matters don’t know, we have compiled the following.

The evidence is consistent worldwide and compelling: marijuana escalates the level of mental
illness, crime and all related problems. Pot caused mental illness when the THC content was less
than 4%. The average THC content today is 10.4%, but ranging as high as 37%. Not good! The
severity of the problem is related to potency as well as the age of onset, frequency of use and
genetics.

Here is what happened in other countries.

    •   In the UK, under pressure from the pro-pot legalizers, the British Medical Association
        ignored predictions by psychiatrists and downgraded pot in 2004 to a Class C drug. By 2007
        the Independent Newspaper, which had called for declassification, had the following
        headline: “CANNABIS: AN APOLOGY.” In 2006, 22,000 people were treated for
        cannabis addiction, over half under 18. Skunk, a highly potent form of cannabis with 12 to
        18% THC, was now considered as damaging as cocaine and heroin, leading to mental health
        problems and psychosis for thousands of teenagers. People who smoked Skunk were seven
        times more likely to develop psychosis than those who use traditional cannabis, and the
        risk of developing psychosis much greater among frequent users and young people. The
        government has since reclassified cannabis to a class-B drug. (The Independent)

    •   In Australia, even 5 years ago, “…..national statistics were showing disturbing signs of new
        cases of psychotic illnesses such as schizophrenia and further association with criminality.
        Of 2,000 people facing criminal charges from 2001 to 2005, 75% used marijuana, and
        of the 75%, 60% had a mental illness.” Recent studies of Aborigines have shown that in
        some remote communities, 70% smoke pot, with 90% of those claiming addiction. “We’ve
        seen acute psychosis that is irreversible, as well as depression and dependence. Suicide is
        linked not just to cannabis use, but to withdrawal. And a worrying trend, kids are starting to
        smoke as early as 10 years old. (www.theaustralian.com)




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    •   The French Government launched a media campaign in 2005 to inform young people about
        the detrimental effects of cannabis, including its links to mental illness. The potency of pot
        is roughly 30% greater now than then.

    •   In New Zealand, a 25 year study concluded there is a direct link between cannabis
        use and psychotic symptoms …… and that the early onset of cannabis use, before age 15,
        constituted a stronger risk factor for psychosis than later adolescence. Cannabis use by age
        15 to 18 predicted later schizophrenia symptoms. (NSW Health)

    •   Sweden assessed 50,087 18-20 year olds from 1970 to 1996 and concluded the risk for
        schizophrenia was increased, the extent depending on the dose. Those who used cannabis
        more than 50 times before the initial assessment were 6.7 times more likely to develop
        schizophrenia. The potency of marijuana today is 10 to 20 times what it was during those
        studies. In 2003 a Salvation Army Bridge Program reported that 90% of heroin users
        commenced illicit drug use with cannabis. Sweden has a zero tolerance policy for drugs,
        and the lowest percentage drug use in Europe. (NSW Health)

    •   In the Netherlands according to the DEA, cannabis use by the age group 18-20 went from
        15 % in 1984 to 44 percent in 1996, and heroin addiction tripled. The head of Holland’s
        best-known drug abuse rehab center says, “…The strong form of marijuana that most young
        people smoke produces a chronically passive individual – someone who is lazy, who doesn’t
        want to take initiatives, doesn’t want to be active – the kid who prefers to lie in bed with a
        joint in the morning rather than getting up and doing something.”

So, what is happening at home? In Sacramento County, according to the Sacramento Bee, budget
cuts have already eliminated funding for about 50% of the non-profits and government facilities for
mentally ill patients resulting in a 65% increase in emergency departments seeing psychiatric
patients. “Many have just given up getting help (i.e. medications and treatment) and are out on the
streets.”

The correlation of marijuana and mental illness has been known for decades, but recent brain
imaging research by UCLA helps explain why marijuana is a cause of the problem. It seems that
marijuana, particularly during adolescence, interrupts the white matter development in the brain …
even 28 days after abstinence; and lack of white matter is a major cause of schizophrenia.

The Pentagon shooter, John Patrick Bedell illustrates the problem. He came from a good family and
was well educated, but after 20 years of smoking pot, starting at age 16, he was paranoid and
schizophrenic. Seeking professional help, he went to one of California’s infamous “pot-doc’s” who
provided him a “medical marijuana” ID card so he could access more of the substance that no doubt
caused his disease to begin with. At age 36, in March 2010, he drove from California to the
Pentagon and shot three guards before they shot and killed him.

Not all mentally ill people have snapped, like Bedell. But many are homeless, depressed and
suicidal. They commit crimes and burden public health and welfare. They diminish worker
performance and productivity, cause accidents, domestic violence, rape, murder, child abuse and
create a threat to the health, safety and economic well being of society.

There is a movie called Shades Of Gray, the essence of which is that we are all crazy, its just a
matter of degree. Based on my personal experience with addiction in my family for 30 years, a son
and his friends who champion the cause of pot saying in essence “…it don’t do no harm”, all that I
have studied, and the endless belligerent, self serving, “attack dog” blogs I have read, I think all pot


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smokers are some shade of gray. Its like a bell curve, with a few at the bottom who are relatively
unaffected, a few at the top who have lost it, like Bedell. The bulk are in the middle, trending upward
toward black. With increased use and potency, the problem will get worse.




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MARIJUANA…..
                       ITS NOT MEDICINE!
               By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for a Drug Free California


Smoked marijuana has no accepted medicinal value. Research continues with THC, the
main psychoactive element in marijuana. But according to the Federal Drug Administration
(FDA), the agency that America has used since 1906 to determine the safety and efficacy of
medicines, smoked marijuana offers no medicinal value. Certain isolated components of
marijuana may have value, but never in smoked form. Marinol, a synthetic THC, is already
available in pill form, and research continues to offer sprays, patches and suppositories.

Marijuana can provide relief from pain, aids wasting and nausea but the harms are delivered
with the benefit. The harms may not matter to someone on a death bed. For younger people
smoking “medical marijuana,” however, they may be inflicting harms on themselves, albeit
most are loath to accept the facts.

According to Joseph Califano, Jr., prior Secretary of Health and Human Services, and
Chairman and Founder of CASA, “…For certain individuals with AIDS and the 15% of
chemotherapy patients whose nausea is not relieved by currently available medicines,
marijuana may have some medicinal value……because smoked marijuana is a carcinogen
and adversely affects the immune system, the IOM (Institute of Medicine) stressed the
importance of developing an alternative delivery system, such as an aerosol using synthetic
cannabinoids rather than the whole plant, and disapproved any use of smoked marijuana
except by the terminally ill and those with chronic diseases, and even then only under
tightly controlled circumstances…… for America’s children and teens, marijuana is a
dangerous drug.”

According to Dan Brookoff, MD., Ph.D, an oconolgist who is certified by the American
Board of Internal medicine with a sub specialty Certification in Medical Oncology,
“…Marijuana is not a medication.” He states “…..marijuana is neither an acceptable
medical treatment nor an alternative medical treatment for any illness…… Marijuana is
never the best available treatment for a patient, and that is why it is not a medication.” He
further states “…With the therapeutic potential of marijuana eclipsed by safer and more
effective drugs, we have come to the conclusion that there is no therapeutic use for
marijuana. All we are left with are the hazards. These include lung disease, cardiac
dysfunction, brain damage, genetic damage, immune disorders and psychomotor
impairment.”

Smokes, crude marijuana has never passed FDA’s tests for safety and efficacy as a
medicine. It is a Schedule I drug because it is addictive, harmful and has no accepted
medical value. We already have Marinol, a synthetic of THC in pill form that is legally
available. Today, however, most Oncologists agree there are better medicines, like Nabilone
and Dronabinol. Sativex, a spray developed in the U.K., is close to approval by the FDA for
use in the U.S. But smoked marijuana doesn’t medicate anything, and the harms in most
cases vastly outweigh any relief.


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PROP 215: “MEDICAL MARIJUANA” HOAX
                                    It wasn’t about compassion.
By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for a Drug-Free California

The term “medical marijuana” was coined in 1979 by Keith Stroup, Founder of NORML as a “red herring” to
give marijuana a good name, as a first step toward legalization for recreational use. (You can witness Stroup in
action by going to www.dammadd.org and look at the video.)

California was the first state to fall victim to the hoax with Prop 215 in 1996, the Compassionate Use Act.
56% of the voters approved the use of “medical marijuana” for the chronically ill suffering from cancer, AIDS
victims and for glaucoma. The propaganda campaign that duped California voters into believing they were
helping the chronically ill, and other pro-pot initiatives, were primarily financed by out-of-state billionaires
George Soros, Sperling and Lewis and their minions, as evidenced below.

Contributions To Pro-Drug Initiatives In California
The following information was taken from DAMMADD website entitled …..www.sorosmonitor.com. The
information was compiled from public records, and totals $6.9 million dollars.

From Out of State Billionaire George Soros            ………                              $2,782,730

Open Society Institute
Methadone as Legitimate Treatment            $ 50,000
Methadone as Legitimate Treatment            $ 22,875
Policy Link (Pro-drug message)               $ 400,000
Data Center (Strategic research for
 Criminal justice reform                     $   60,000

                                                               $ 532,875
Contributions From George Soros Personally

Prop 215 (1996)                              $ 500,000
Prop 36 (2000)                               $1,026,337
Fix 3 Strikes Yes on 66 (2004)               $ 500,000
Democratic Congressional Campaign            $    1,270
                                                               $2,027,607

Contributions From Billionaire John Sperling        …………….                             $2,257,338

California for Medical Rights (1996)         $ 200,000 Burton, Senate Fund (2000/2003)              $ 15,000
Cam. – New Drug Policies, Prop 36 (2000)      $1,457,338 Nava 2004, Friends of Pedro                $ 1,000
Fix Three Strikes Yes on 66 (2004)           $ 500,000 Davis Committee, Governor Gray               $ 25,000
Standing Up For California (2004)            $ 100,000
Democratic State Central
 Committee (2004)                            $   25,600


Contributions From Out Of State Billionaire Peter Lewis           …………                $1,531,337

Prop 215 (1996)                              $ 500,000
Prop 36 (2000)                               $1,026,337
Westly, Friends of Steve                     $    5,000




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Contributions From The Drug Policy Alliance (DPA)              ………………..                 $ 79,800
A Soros backed organization

Arianna for Governor                $5,000            Chu For Assembly 2004                $2,000
Goldberg Committee Reelect          $3,200            Saldana for State Assembly           $2,000
Steinberg For Senate                $3,200            Chu Campaign Committee               $2,000
Nunez 2004 Friends of Fabian        $3,200            Maze for Assembly 2004               $2,000
Arambula for Assembly               $3,200            Torrico for Assembly, Alberto        $2,000
Coto for Assembly                   $3,200            Jones for Assembly, Dave             $2,000
Karnette , Friends of Betty         $3,200            Klehs Committee, The                 $2,000
Umberg , Friends of Tom             $3,200            Alarcon Friends of Richard           $1,200
Berg For Assembly 2004              $3,200            Perata 2004                          $1,200
McLeod 2004 Committee to                              Kuehl For Senate                     $1,200
 Reelect Gloria Negrete             $3,200            Chesbro Friends of Wesley            $1,200
Parra For Assembly                  $3,200            Romero for Senate 2006 Gloria        $1,200
Ridley-Thomas 2004 re-elect         $2,100            Firebaugh Leadership Committee       $1,000
Baca Jr. For Assembly               $1,000            Nation for Assembly 2004             $1,000
Richman 2004 Friends                $1,000            Maze for Assembly 2004               $1,000
Leno, 2004                          $3,200            Bass for Assembly                    $3,200
Cohn for Assembly 2004              $2,000            Mathews 2004, Friends of
Dymally 2004 Friends of             $3,200             Barbara                             $3,200


So Californians For Compassionate Use        …………………………                                    $   26,500
Soros Backed Organization (1996)

Californians For Medical Rights           …………………………                                       $ 195,748
Soros, Lewis and Sperling Backed Organization

Contributions From Robert Soros                 ………..                                      $   42,928

Democratic Congressional Campaign (2000)              $ 30,244
Democratic Congressional Campaign (2000)              $ 12,684


So why would out-of-state billionaires spend millions to dupe California voters, other than to profit from the
outcome in some manner? Soros activities suggests he is the spearhead for the illicit drug trade worldwide. As
evidenced by the above records, he and his allies, John Sperling and Peter Lewis use their vast resources to
influence pro-drug legislation by contributing to politicians and propaganda campaigns.

As evidence of the fraud, surveys have now shown that only 2% of the “chronically ill” for whom Prop 215
was passed are patrons at the dispensaries. The other 98% who get medical marijuana ID cards from pot
doctors are primarily young, healthy males.

The dispensaries themselves are illegal even by State law, which forbids selling pot for a profit. Senate Bill
420, introduced by Senators Vasconellos and Leno followed Prop 215 and made pot available to anyone for
any purported ailment which could benefit from marijuana. After being termed out Vasconcellos went on to
become a board member for the Drug Policy Alliance (DPA), no doubt his payback for years of service to
Soros. Senator Mark “Hemp” Leno still serves all pro-drug causes in the Senate.




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TAXING MARIJUANA WON’T HELP THE BUDGET
                   .…. IT WILL PUT THE NAIL IN THE COFFIN!
By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for A Drug-Free California



The National Center of Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University
reports that for every $1 in tax revenues collected for alcohol and tobacco equates to
$8.95 in social costs. (www.casacolumbia.org, Shoveling Up: The Impact of substance
abuse on local, state and federal budgets). Marijuana combines the harms of both, and in
all probability will be worse, and add tens of billions in cost to the California budget.

According to www.consumeraffairs.com, in 2005 the combined federal and state alcohol tax
collections were $18 billion, compared to social costs of $185 billion. California alcohol
taxes were $368 million compared to $38.4 billion on the social costs.

Federal and State taxes on cigarettes average $2.32 a pack compared to $10.38 in social
costs. (www.tobaccofreekids.com). Tobacco, which is regulated and controlled, also kills
433,000 Americans annually. Get the drift?

Regulation and control through legalization only works to increase the social and
economic costs, and the pain and misery that goes with it. Prohibition of alcohol did work.
Repealing it just legitimized criminals like Al Capone, putting a white collar on them instead
of a striped suit. The surge in alcohol use after prohibition caused enormous increases in
health, welfare, crime and accidents. Marijuana combines the harms of both tobacco and
alcohol, and the adverse economic outcome will be much worse.

The State Board of Equalization (BOE) estimate that legalization would generate $1.4
billion in additional tax revenues was careless and misleading. This estimate itself was
based solely on self-serving input furnished by Jon Gettman, former National Director of
NORML (National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws) and was later discredited
by the highly respected Rand Corporation. It overstated income and made no mention of the
additional harms and social costs of marijuana, which would vastly outweigh any benefit.

There is no aspect of the California budget where greater gains are possible than in
preventing substance abuse, and yet the State spends only 1/3rd of 1% on prevention and the
balance shoveling up the damager. Making marijuana even more readily available will only
add to the harm.




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MARIJUANA: RELIEF DOESN’T MEAN ITS MEDICINE
                         Or that our $8.6 million tax dollars weren’t wasted

By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for A Drug-Free California




The recent $8.6 million study by UC San Diego which was orchestrated by Senators
Vasconcellos and Leno was a waste of money. We knew pot could provide relief. But that
doesn’t mean it is medicine, harmless or should be smoked for any reason.

If one is interested in valuable discoveries about marijuana, they can reflect on research
conducted by UC San Diego and UCLA scientists that showed marijuana retards
development of white matter in the brain ….. even 28 days after abstinence. White matter,
or lack of it, is a major cause of schizophrenia. That should give pause even to the 98% of
“medical marijuana” card holders who abuse the system to access pot for their personal
pleasure.

Science in the last ten years or so has also revealed that the human brain is not fully
developed until the mid twenties, or beyond. Until it is, it is much more vulnerable to harm.
So when more kids now smoke pot than tobacco because they think it is medicine and legal,
they may be setting themselves up for mental illness that will ruin their lives and increase
the social and economic burden on society.

Marijuana can provide relief, but it is a poor choice as a medicine. It is a complex, unstable
mixture of 483 chemicals, that when smoked, creates over 2,000 chemicals, many of which
cause cancer. Any medicinal value lies not in the whole crude plant, but in the isolated
components, and never in smoked form. Further, there are existing legal products that work
as well or better, that don’t carry the harms inherent in marijuana. (E. Voth, M.D.)

Smoking anything is hazardous to health. The legal drug tobacco kills 1200 people a day.
But pot is also an intoxicant, 10 to 20 times stronger today that in the flower power days of
the 70’s. It is the sole cause of over 120,000 emergency room visits, more than heroin; the
cause of 26.9% of injury accidents, and it elevates the risk of cancer, mental illness, birth
defects, bone loss and adversely affects academic achievement and productivity. It is also a
gateway to hard drugs which cause 3,200 overdose deaths monthly. (SAMSHA)

Legislators like Vasconcellos, Leno and now Ammiano have access to scientific evidence
that leaves no doubt as to the harms of marijuana. Their actions aren’t directed at the best
interests of their constituents, but more in line with campaign contributions.

We need politicians, irrespective of party affiliation, that will place the public’s health,
safety and economic interests before their own.




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MARIJUANA – ADVERSELY AFFECTS YOUNG PEOPLE
        Major impact on academic achievement, motivation and productivity
By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for A Drug-Free California

America has the highest high school drop out rate of all industrialized nations (President
Obama). Nationally, one-third (1.2 million kids) drop out. Preventing abuse of alcohol,
tobacco and drugs is no longer an option, but a necessity, if we are to retain our standing as a
nation.

Marijuana diminishes ones capacity to absorb and retain information, contributes to
depression, suicide, psychosis, addiction and leads many young people to a life of chaos,
crime and corruption. It is a contributing factor to the high school drop out rate. Increasing
the availability of marijuana and use through legalization will further exacerbate the
problem.

Addiction to alcohol, tobacco and drugs (ATOD) is called a pediatric onset disease, because
it almost always starts with young people. At age 10 to 18 years old, their bodies and brains
are not fully developed and are much more vulnerable to harm and addiction. Chronic
marijuana use by young people can cause irreversible damage to the brain.

UC Santa Barbara recently conducted a study that showed in California the high school
dropout rate averaged 24.2%, at a cost to taxpayers of $46.4 billion …. $392,000 per
dropout. Robert DuPont, Institute for Behavior and Health, conducted research that
indicates a range of $243,000 to $388,000 per drop out, but when combined with heavy drug
use and associated crime the costs ranged from $1.7 to $2.3 million per drop out.
Nationally, the cost is roughly $500 billion a year, or more.

The UC Santa Barbara study revealed also that 80% of prison inmates in California are high
school dropouts. The $8 billion prison overcrowding problem in California is largely
related to the lack of academic achievement and jobs for unskilled workers, forcing them to
crime. Marijuana is a factor, and the most commonly abused drug.

The early onset of alcohol, tobacco and drug use is not the only barrier to enhanced
academic achievement, but it is a major factor. The best education is wasted on a young
person that surrenders his or her life to addiction. The legal drugs of alcohol and tobacco
already take a heavy toll on society and there is no justification for legalizing and
proliferating the use of another mind altering drug.


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MARIJUANA – IMPACT ON PUBLIC HEALTH
                         The harms outweigh any benefits of relief
.
By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for A Drug-Free California

THC, the active psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, has increased from 1 to 3% percent in the
early 1970’s to an average of 10.4% today ranging as high as 37%. The result? Over 120,000
emergency room visits a year where marijuana was the only cause, and 300,000 where it was a
cause. 62% of people in treatment are there for addiction to marijuana than for alcohol and all other
drugs combined.

While pro-pot advocates extol the healing powers of marijuana, the fact is, it can provide relief, but it
doesn’t heal anything. Its not medicinal. It is a schedule I drug because it is harmful, has no
accepted medical value and has the potential for harm. In fact, it is even harmful to those who think
it does no harm.

As reported by Albert Stuart Reece of the Medical School, U of Queensland, marijuana causes
impaired respiratory conditions including reduced lung density, lung cysts, and chronic bronchitis;
elevated risk of testicular cancer and eightfold rise in lung cancer risk. It elevates the risk of
psychosis and schizophrenia, particularly when cannabis consumption commences at an early age. It
creates high levels of anxiety, impaired memory, poor concentration, impaired learning ability and
psychomotor impairment including reduced quality and quantity of work and intellectual
impairment. Heavy cannabis use is also associated with substantial bone loss.

Maternal cannabis use has resulted in toxic affects on the fetus leading to reduced body weight at
birth, and behavior problems including attention disorder, behavior problems, lower child IQ,
language comprehension, distractibility, inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity and substance use
disorders.

According to Joseph Califano at Columbia University, “….. in 2008 health care costs in the US
totaled $2.4 trillion. 30% of those costs were attributable to 72 diseases substance abuse and
addiction cause. 35% of Medicare spending - $134 billion – and 29 percent of Medicaid spending -
$98 billion – were attributable to smoking, excessive drinking and drug abuse.”

Califano also states even a 10% reduction in substance abuse would deliver savings of $73
billion a year in health costs, and over 10 years, pay for 80% of the cost of Obamacare.

Since many pot users are unemployed and on welfare, or underemployed and don’t have health
insurance, the economic burden of their health care falls on taxpayers. If marijuana were legalized,
consumption would increase as did consumption of alcohol after prohibition, and the public health
problem and associated costs would skyrocket. Drug abuse almost always starts with a little puff of
marijuana.

                                    -------------------------------------

Scientific information provided by Eric Voth, M.D.of The Institute on Global Drug Policy.




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MARIJUANA – IMPACTS EVERY ASPECT OF PUBLIC SAFETY
         Mental illness, physical health, crime, traffic safety and young people

By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for A Drug-Free California

Because marijuana is fat soluble it stays one’s system for up to thirty days, and impairs memory, judgment and
motor functions for up to 24 hours after one joint. A pilot in a simulator couldn’t safely land an airplane 24
hours after one joint with THC content of 1 to 4%. (Leirer VO et.al.) Today pot is 2 to 15 times stronger.

    • Drugged Driving – Drugged driving is 7 times more prevalent than drunk driving.
26.9% of seriously injured drivers test positive for pot. Recent studies in British Colombia show 10.4% of
drivers tested positive for drugs – 49.4% marijuana. 8.3% for cocaine and pot. The U.S. cost in damages is
over $33 billion. (www.stopdruggeddriving.com). Driving privileges should be revoked for anyone who
smokes marijuana regularly. 33% of drivers arrested at the scene of an accident test positive for pot, and
another 12 percent test positive for both pot and cocaine. Pot users imperil themselves and others and
shouldn’t drive.

     • Crime – In some places, like Chicago, as many as 87% of arrestees of all crimes test positive for drugs
in some , 40% for marijuana alone. Contrary to propaganda from pro-pot advocates, only .3% of prisoners are
incarcerated for simple possession. The reality is, people who smoke pot and other drugs are often
unemployed, or underemployed, and have to turn to crime to provide for basic necessities and to feed their
habit. Marijuana alters the mind, is a gateway to other drugs, and often leads to mental illness. Illegal
dispensaries and marijuana grow operations are often the scene of robberies and homicides.

     • Smoking Crude Marijuana – Laboratory tests on “medical fraud marijuana” reveal
pesticide levels that are literally hundreds of times above the legal limits. Unlike legitimate, legal medicines,
there are no labels to indicate the harms, and no way of knowing the THC content, or levels of fungus, mold
and pesticides. In short, it’s like Russian Roulette.

    • Medical Fraud Marijuana – Marijuana delivers myriad harms to physical and mental
health, like cancer, birth defects, respiratory problems, impairment to the immune system, and can cause
mental illness. For the 2% who really do have a chronic, terminal disease, the benefits may outweigh the
harms. The 98% with “medical marijuana” ID cards for recreational use subject themselves to potential harm.

    • Memory Impairment and Physical Development - Marijuana affects the areas of the
brain that are important for learning and memory, body movement, control and coordination leading to
impairments in short-term memory, attention, judgment, coordination, balance and altered perception of time.
Individuals who start using before 17 may later suffer from cognitive impairment, particularly with respect to
memory and attention. 65.4% of treatment admissions involving kids less than 18 cited marijuana as the
primary cause, more than all other drugs and alcohol combined. 20% was for alcohol.

Marijuana is not safer than alcohol. As with tobacco, nobody dies from overdose. But the altered mental state
of users leads to accidents, domestic violence, birth defects, mental illness and a host of health problems.

The Cleveland fire in Southern California, for example, which killed 5 fire fighters and cremated thousands of
animals was started by a hunter whose bong pipe was found at the scene. A teenager in Red Lake, Minnesota
whose “gal of choice” was marijuana shot and killed nine people. A bus driver high on marijuana left the road
and killed 22 people in the Northwest. In February 2010 three teenagers drowned in Florida when the 16 year
old driver backed up 250 yards at high speed and ended up in a canal. In March 2010 a 24 year driver caused
13 accidents in one mile before a head on collision, hit an officer in the face, then justified it all with a
“medical marijuana ID card. A beautiful young La Jolla girl drove off a cliff and died in 2006 after smoking
pot with friends. Pot smokers aren’t safe.




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MARIJUANA - MAJOR CAUSE OF INJURY ACCIDENTS …..
                 …       …… the leading cause of death for young people.
By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for A Drug-Free California


Marijuana is the illicit drug used most often (70%) by drivers who drove after drug use and is a
major factor why motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for American young people
(NHTSA, 2000)

Marijuana use before driving has seriously impacted the skills necessary to operate a vehicle safely.
Roadside alertness is severely diminished as is concentration, motor coordination and the ability to
react quickly. Research subjects found it difficult to judge distance and react appropriately to
roadside signals and sounds after smoking marijuana.

Studies conducted by the NHTSA and Dutch Ministry of Transport concluded that the effects of
THC alone on driving performance were of sufficient magnitude to warrant concern due to the
drivers level of impairment and inability to facilitate evasive action if necessary. Further, drivers
were also more likely to fall asleep during prolonged vehicle operation. THC and alcohol use in
combination creates a serious threat to highway safety. (NHTSA, 1999; NHTSA, 2000)

In all studies referenced above, subjects were given marijuana cigarettes that had between 1.5- 4 %
THC. Marijuana today averages 10.4% and goes as high 37%. (Marijuana and Driving: Going to
Pot on the Highway by Jim Porter). Impairment levels today are 2 to 15 times greater than those
studied.

Dr. Robert DuPont of the Institute for Behavior and Health (www.stopdruggeddriving.org) reveals:
    • 20% of all motor vehicle accidents are attributable to drugged driving. (50% of seriously
       injured drivers test positive for drugs. (Walsh JM, Flegel R., et al 2005)
    • 8,600 people died in 2005 as a result of drugged driving
    • 580,000 people were injured in car crashes as a result of drugged driving
    • $33 billion in damages every year.

Which drug is most prevalent? Marijuana! 26.9% of seriously injured drivers tested positive
for marijuana. There are 127 million current users of alcohol in America and, and because of
restrictive drug policies, only 15 million smoke marijuana. In spite of this, alcohol was only
involved with 15% of injured drivers compared to marijuana at 26.9%. Per capita, marijuana
smokers cause 18 times more injury accidents than alcohol.

In a roadside survey, of those who tested positive for a drug, 49.4% tested positive for marijuana
alone, and another 8.6% tested positive for marijuana and cocaine. In Canada, 10.4% of all drivers
tested positive for drugs, with marijuana and cocaine accounting for 4.6% each. The figure of one
person in ten driving under the influence holds true in America as well. Scary!

Legalizing marijuana for any reason will adversely impact public safety. More people would die and
be injured on the highways, and the cost to insurance companies and the general population would
soar. Legalization is simply a dumb idea, put forth by people who like to get high, with no regard for
the social consequences of their actions. Alcohol and tobacco, the two legal drugs, inflict enough
harm. We neither need nor can we afford one more.



                                                                                                        13
ILLEGAL POT PLANTATIONS DESTROY OUR FORESTS
                                      …. WHILE POT DESTROYS OUR KIDS

By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for A Drug-Free California


Mexican cartels and criminals are causing incredible ecological and environmental
devastation in our National Parks and Forests.. No one is safe, neither man nor beast. To
protect their valuable crop they kill anything that can eat, steal or destroy the crop including
deer, bear and other wildlife …. even people who haphazardly trip across the plantations.

To combat fungus and pests, they import and use pesticides that have been banned in the US
for years. As the pesticides and fertilizers flow into the soil, it is absorbed into the plants
themselves, creating an enormous safety hazard for those who smoke marijuana. But it also
pollutes the soil, and ultimately flows into the rivers and streams killing all in its path.

They ring the plantations with poisons for rodents. As the rodents die, so also do the hawks,
eagles, coyotes and other birds and animals that feed on their remains. When the harvest is
complete, they leave behind miles of water pipes, campsite remains, bags of fertilizers and
nitrates that seep into the earth and streams, and devastated earth for our already
overburdened game wardens and forestry department personnel to clean up. For every one
acre of plantation, they destroy ten acres.

The end product that they sell is often contaminated, laden with pesticides, fungus and
fertilizers. Lab tests in Long Beach showed two samples had pesticide levels that were 1400
times the legal limit for food. So aside from other harms to health, education, welfare, crime
and traffic safety, even those who smoke this junk get poisoned by the crop ….. in case they
are wondering why they cough a lot.

Our National Forests are a precious resource, owned and enjoyed by all Americans. It is an
outrage to allow this devastation to continue, because of the insatiable demand by a minority
to get high. We need to take our forests back, raise awareness, and aid and increase the
resources available to keep the forests safe, maybe by offering a reward to Mexicans and
their families for exposing grow sites.

Of equal concern is the fact that Humboldt and Mendocino Counties openly base their
economies on growing and selling illegal marijuana, in defiance of federal law. The federal
government has spent billions eradicating illicit drugs abroad, and we have an “Afghanistan”
within our own borders. . .

It is folly to think that the cartels will simply go away if pot is legalized. There will be
ample market inside and outside of California for cheaper, dirtier pot. The violence
occurring in Mexico between warring cartels could very well happen on this side of the
border.




                                                                                               14
REGULATION, TAX AND CONTROL WON’T WORK
        It will create a bigger black market than the one that exists

By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for A Drug-Free California

Legalizing marijuana, even if it were possible by federal law, would do nothing to dissuade the
Mexican cartels, and it would encourage the masses to grow marijuana plants at home. Why not? If
you have a green thumb, a little garden and are a baby boomer or unemployed, this would be very
appealing. One couple recently interviewed in San Francisco was making $120,000 a year on their
tiny patio.

One plant producing one lb of marijuana at 2.5 joints per gram is the equivalent of 1,134 joints. The
proposed ten plant limit would equate to 11,340 joints, in only one harvest. Some hydro phonic
indoor operations get three harvests a year, and a yield of 3 to 5 lbs per plant. The legal markets
won’t be able to absorb the surge in production.

Even now, before legalization, Humboldt County officials have authorized the growing of 99 plants
with a special permit, and they are gravely concerned about what will happen to their economy when
legalization lowers the prices and undermines the value of their illegal crops. Incredible! Obviously
the social consequences of their insidious products aren’t of concern, but maybe they should look a
little harder at the situation in Mexico, where decapitation among competing cartels has become in
vogue. Is that next?

If legalization were to happen, those seeking a higher “high” than what legalized pot would have; the
young people below 21 who couldn’t buy it legally; and those outside of California would provide
vast new markets for the newly created flood of pot that would hit the market.

The legalizers say prohibition didn’t work. It did! Repealing prohibition of alcohol simply put white
collars on the Al Capone’s of the day. The surge of alcohol use after repeal inflicted a heavy toll on
the health, safety and economic well being of all Americans, as it still does today.

Keeping pot illegal has limited the number of people who smoke it regularly to 6.4% of the adult
population, 15 million people vs 127,000 who consume alcohol. Legalization would certainly
increase the number of smokers. The State Board of Equalization says with legalization it will
increase by 40%, but that may well be understated. If it elevated the number of people to even half
of those who consume alcohol, marijuana will destroy the nation.

Libertarians rant that they have a right to pursue happiness and put into their bodies what they want.
The unspoken caveat, however, is “in the absence of harm to others.” The fact is, there is no
absence of harm. They make lousy workers, which impacts employers and productivity. They are
accident prone. They have physical and mental health issues, generally with no health insurance.
They burden the welfare rolls, law enforcement, fill prisons and they are a major cause of injury
accidents. They place a huge social and economic burden on the 93.6% who don’t smoke.

Regulation, control and taxation of just the legal drugs - alcohol and tobacco - cause the death of
about 550,000 Americans annually, at an annual cost of $700 to $800 billion. Legalizing marijuana
will simply add to the burden.




                                                                                                     15
STATES ARE NOT SOVERIGN POWERS
        THEY CANNOT LEGALIZE MARIJUANA
              ___________________________________________
By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for A Drug-Free California

States are not sovereign nations. It is folly to think that any state could legalize the production,
distribution and sale of marijuana without inviting the full wrath of the federal government,
including economic sanctions.

There would be no justification for the federal government to subsidize states who contribute to the
problems of health, education, welfare, crime and traffic safety. Federal law, the supreme law of the
land, exists to protect the health, safety and economic well being of all Americans. Should the
citizens or government of any state choose to live under a different set of rules, then certainly they
should forego any and all benefits of being an American.

The hoax of “medical marijuana” that now exists in 14 states is indicative of the infiltration of pro-
drug forces that inflict more death, destruction and harm on America than all other forms of terror
combined. Truth in advertising laws alone should ban the term “medical marijuana,” because it is
not medicine, as defined by the FDA. It does not become medicine because of popular vote, or
because of campaign donations that flow from and through George Soros. It can provide relief
because of certain isolated components, but with the good come the harms.

The term “medical marijuana” was created by Keith Stroup, founder of NORML, in 1979 as a means
of giving pot a good name, as a first step toward legalization for recreational use … because people
like to get high. It is interesting to note that in the 40 years since, the THC content is 2 to 15 times
stronger. It is no longer a soft drug. As evidenced by experience all over the world, it is a major
cause of mental illness and criminality, aside from impacts on health, welfare, traffic safety and
devastation of young people.

While the US spends hundreds of millions more to stem the flow of marijuana and other drugs from
Mexico, we now have Mexican cartels growing pot in our national forests. Humboldt and
Mendocino Counties base their economies on production of an illegal drug; and just passed an
ordinance to allow individuals to grow 99 plants. They are also strategizing how to cope when
prices fall because of legalization, and how to brand their counties as the source of the best pot
around. Incredible!

Maybe they should be concerned about eradication efforts by the U.S., or that competing growers
will start loping off heads, as in Mexico. In any event, it doesn’t make sense for the US to continue
to spend billions to eradicate illicit drugs abroad and allow production to flourish at home?

The proposed legalization in California would also allow individuals to grow 10 plants at home,
about 11,340 joints per person. Between the cartels who won’t stop, the surge in a new home based
growing operations in addition to farming operations, there will be a flood of marijuana that will
have to seek new black markets for young and old, in-state and throughout the United States.

It isn’t going to happen. Even if California builds a “Berlin wall” around the perimeter to keep the
pot and potheads in, it isn’t going to happen.




                                                                                                         16
PREVENTION IS THE KEY TO ECONOMIC RECOVERY
        California spends less than 1% on prevention; over 99% shoveling up the damage

By Roger Morgan, Exec Director, Coalition for A Drug-Free California


         Alcohol, tobacco and drugs (ATOD) are the root cause of almost all the social and
economic problems of California, yet they are largely ignored. Currently, the state spends 1/3rd
of 1% on prevention and the balance shoveling up the damage. This is horrible economic and social
policy, and a travesty when the underlying cause is a preventable disease.

          Research has shown that “….. if a young person reaches age 21 prior to smoking, abusing
alcohol or using drugs, they should virtually never do so.” (Joseph Califano Jr.) Getting them to 21
intact is, of course, the challenge.

         In medical circles, addiction to alcohol, tobacco and drugs is referred to as a pediatric onset
disease because it almost always starts with kids, aged 10 to 17 years old. So to protect the future
of the state and nation, we have to start by protecting the kids. We must take measures to defer
the onset of alcohol, tobacco and drugs until they reach adulthood and their bodies and brains are
less vulnerable to harm and addiction.

        Currently, marijuana is easy to get. Because of the perception that it is medicine and legal,
in some areas like San Diego, more kids are smoking pot than tobacco. Making it more readily
available and lower costs will certainly escalate the level of use by young people and contribute even
more harm to the state and nation.

         Substance abuse in general, of which marijuana is a major contributing factor, contributes to
the following economic problems in California:

                                                       In Billions
        Direct Costs In the Budget                         $ 19.9     (CASA 2005)
        Lost Productivity (Doubles the above)              $ 19.9    (Lockyer 2003)
        High School Drop Out Rate                          $ 46.4    (UC Santa Barbara)
        Prison Overcrowding                                $ 8,0      (State of Calif)
        Traffic Accidents                                  $ 2,4      (13% if $33 billion)
        Total                                              $ 96.6    billion

        Rounded to today’s dollars – well over $100 billion

       Prevention of substance abuse is the biggest opportunity for the State to correct the budget
problem, and that should start immediately by stopping the proliferation of marijuana.

        We strongly recommend that this and future Administrations create an Office of Drug
Control as part of the Governor’s staff, as has been done in Florida and other states, There are
prevention programs that work.




                                                                                                       17
ROGER MORGAN Chairman and Executive Director of the Coalition for A Drug-Free
California has been an entrepreneur and businessman in California for 30 years. Formerly,
he was Vice President of Volvo of America and General Manager of Volvo Penta of
America; and engaged in sales, marketing and dealer administration with Caterpillar Tractor
Company and Caterpillar Overseas. He is a graduate of Colorado College (1963) and The
Thunderbird Graduate School of Global Management (1964). He was Founding Chairman
of the Coronado SAFE Foundation, a non-profit dealing with drug prevention; prior Board
Member of the San Diego Prevention Coalition; member of the National Coalition for
Student Drug Testing; Co-Founder of Californians for Drug-Free Schools and Special
Advisor to the Golden Rule Society in Coronado. His passion for drug prevention stems
from two step-children who became drug addicted at age 12 and 14 roughly 29 years ago,
and two nephews who died from drug related causes.




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