Locomotive Emissions a Look Ahead by fdh56iuoui

VIEWS: 69 PAGES: 22

									GE
Transportation

Locomotive
Emissions a Look
Ahead
SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Meeting




                                                                     1
                                   SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                        June 24, 2008
Global Recognition




                                                       2
                     SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                          June 24, 2008
  GDP↑…CO2↑
             2.0   USA                    EU                                           Japan
             1.5
Indexed Growth




             1.0


             0.5
             2.0   India                  FSU                                         China
             1.5


             1.0


             0.5
                 1980    1990   2000   1980    1990               2000            1980               1990               2000 2005



                    per-capita GDP
                    CO2 emissions
                                                                                                                                                 3
                                                                                                            SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                                                                                     June 24,
                                               Modified Source: Raupach, Michael R. et al. (2007) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 10288-10293 2008
                               R&D Investment ($B)
• Double R&D
                                                                   1.5
• Reduce GHG                                           1.4
  emissions from                            1.2
  operations                          1.1
                                0.9
• Keep public informed   0.7

• Make customers true
  partners
• Grow revenues          '05    '06   '07   '08       '09          '10

                                                                              4
                                            SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                 June 24, 2008
         …GE’s big plays
Efficiency               Low carbon               Low carbon
                         power                    fuels
Buildings                 Renewables              CO2 Capture
                                                   BP H2 Joint Venture
 Water Treatment           Wind Turbines
                                                   Synfuels Technology
 Appliances                Solar Power
 Lighting                  Biogas Engines
 Energy Finance            Energy Finance         Biomass
                                                   Energy Finance
Transport                 Natural Gas              Water Treatment
 Aircraft Engines          Large-Frame Turbines
 Locomotives               LM Turbines
 Equipment Svcs.           Energy Finance
 Aviation Finance
                                                  Fuel Cell H2

Coal Plants               Base                    Forests &
  Energy Services         Load Cleaner Coal
                           IGCC                   agriculture
  Water Treatment          ESBWR Nuclear
  Energy Finance




              Broad participation in “carbon management”
                                                                                            5
                                                          SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                               June 24, 2008
We continue to take a new approach to
   solving our customers’ toughest
      environmental challenges




                                                                6
                              SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                   June 24, 2008
Addressing emissions on all fronts
                                          Leveraging
  Hybrid                                  the growth
                                          platform

                                                       After
                                                       treatment
Beyond                                                 Solutions
 Diesel




                                                      Beyond
  System
                                                      Mainline
  Efficiency
                    Opt

   Operator1



           Ton-Mile/ Gallon                                                  7
                              Fuel Efficiency 3rd
                                            SEDC    Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                June 24, 2008
Evolution adoption
Evolution production            Evolution backlog
                       850
                                                                          9
            755
                                                     7wth
  687
                                                  g ro
                                           7 0%
                                       1

                                   0



 2005       2006       2007     2005       2006        2007               2008

Nearly 2,300 units in service    Backlog over 2,500 units
                                                                                        8
                                                      SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                           June 24, 2008
Emissions benefit
        CO2                          NOx            PM
7,610                                                          • Aggressive adoption yields
                                  155             2.5            accelerated emissions
                        8%                  52%          44%     benefits
                                                               • Enhanced value drives
  T0 Installed Base




                                                                 aggressive adoption
                                                        1.4
                                        75                     • What delivers value to the
                      7,020                                      railroad
                                                                   –   Improved fuel efficiency
                        ES44




                                                                   –   Reduced maintenance
                                                                   –   Reduced overhaul cost
 Tons/yr reduced with Evolution replacement                        –   Increased performance
 With current Evolution installed base                             –   Improved reliability
                      • >680k tons/yr CO2                      • Railroad performance &
                      • >90k tons/yr NOx                         improved emissions go
                      • >1.5k tons/yr PM                         hand in hand
                                                                                                               9
                                                                             SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                                                  June 24, 2008
Evolution . . . platform to next tiers
                              6.0                Tier 3 - ‘12          Tier 2
EPA Line-haul NOx (g/hp-hr)




                              5.0                               -50%
                                                                                Tier Technology
                              4.0                                                3 - Fuel system improvement
                                    -76%




                                                                                     - Combustion optimization
                              3.0                                                    - Turbo optimization
                                                                                     - Ultra low sulfur diesel
                              2.0
                                                                                 4   - All Tier 3 technology
                                           Tier 4 – ‘15                              - Diesel particulate filter
                              1.0
                                                                                       (DPF)
                                            -70%
                                                                                     - NOx aftertreatment
                                                     0.1                 0.2           (Urea SCR)
                                                                                     - Ultra low sulfur diesel
                                           EPA Line-haul PM (g/hp-hr)


                                                                                                                                  10
                                                                                                 SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                                                                      June 24, 2008
Next tier . . . technology forcing
Aftertreatment – Urea SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction)
                  DOC-Oxidation             Urea      Urea        Ammonia
                     catalyst             injection conversion   Slip catalyst


                                                             Urea
       Engine                      DPF
                                                             SCR



                   Urea
     Fuel Tank
                   Tank
                                          A tremendous amount of work to go
                                          • Temperature
 Urea SCR . . . Providing a solid start   • Catalyst size
 • Very good NOx control                  • Dosing accuracy & distribution
 • Technology further advanced            • Thermal Aging / Poisoning
 • On highway aftertreatment choice       • Ammonia slip
                                          • Back pressure & fuel impact
                                          • Physical constraints
                                                                                                  11
                                                                 SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                                      June 24, 2008
Development timeline
                Rules Develop    Finalized Detailed               Field            Production
  R&D                                               Prototypes
                issued Concept   concept design                   demonstration    launch


  0       1        2       3        4        5         6          7       8        9           10           11
          ‘07     ‘08     ‘09      ‘10      ‘11       ‘12        ‘13     ‘14      ‘15



        • Aggressive nine (9) year development schedule
        • Based on successful Evolution launch . . . Eight years
          without significant R&D
        • R&D started well ahead of rule making
        • Promulgation behind schedule
        • Research, Product engineering, Manufacturing & Supply
          chain fully engaged
        • Already significant schedule pressure
                                                                                                                   12
                                                                                  SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                                                       June 24, 2008
Beyond mainline
Regional & Switcher applications                      Lower Life Cycle Costs




                                                  Average $/ day
                                                                                                                                   Overhauls
                                                                                                                                   Oil
                                                                                                                                   Fuel
                                                                                                                                   Maintenance




                                                                   Baseline GP38-2          GenSet - Triple    New Unit (ES23DC)
                                                                    Road Switcher              Engine


                                                      Tier 3 emissions
 • New GEVO 2,300 HP. . . Inline 6 cyl engine                                       8.0
   based on proven Evolution GEVO-12                                                          Proposed Tier 3 -




                                                                    NOx (g/hp-hr)
                                                                                    6.0       2012    Tier 2 (2005+)
 • Standardized control system with Evolution
   main line family                                                                 4.0
                                                                                          ES23B
 • Enhanced cooling system to enable fuel and                                       2.0
                                                                                                    -50%
   emissions performance                                                            0.0        0.1            0.2       0.3
                                                                                              PM (g/hp-hr)
 • Extensive option list including RCL, dynamic
   brake, electronic air brake                        Service consistency
 • New or modernization versions                      • Common maintenance, tooling
                                                        & systems with main line
                                                                                                                                       13
                                                                                                      SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                                                                           June 24, 2008
Fuel efficiency focus
Fuel performance                        Reducing fuel consumption
                                         • Attacking all areas of opportunity
                                         Turbocharger                Piston
               3%

                        2%
                                                        Fuel system
                                 2%




                                         • Multigenerational plan for ongoing
   Tier 1   Tier 2    ‘08     ‘10          improvements      leverage Evolution
                                           Series® growth platform

Further reductions required to offset     Fuel improvement drives
     pressure from regulations          emissions & GHG improvement
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                                                            SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                                 June 24, 2008
System solutions
Trip Optimizer . . . Beyond traditional approach
                                                 Trip Optimizer:
 Train and driver variations result in:          1. Evaluates entire route for fuel
 • Less than optimal fuel use                       savings opportunities & plans
 • Higher emissions                                 optimal route
                                                 2. Controls the throttle to the plan



                               Trip Optimizer   • Fuel savings . . . 10%+
 Operator                                       • Emissions savings . . . 10%+
                                                • Consistent operations
                    10% Fuel
                     Savings                    • Reduced wear & tear
                400      444                    • Migration to higher automation
               Ton-Mile/ Gallon

                 Filed demonstrations validating savings
                                                                                                     15
                                                                    SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                                         June 24, 2008
Beyond diesel
                               GE Energy      GE GRC       GE Aviation    GE Transportation

  GE fuels focus
 Over $100MM investment



                                      • Crankcase dilution – leads to oxidation
  Biodiesel
                                      • Microbial growth – storage and cleanliness
  Issues                              • Cold weather stability – gums up systems

                                                 Purpose                  Status
                          Single cylinder      Performance         B2-B20, S500-S15
  GE testing              Stationary engine     Durability            Ongoing
                          Locomotive            Operability           Planning

                                      • Locomotive Fuel Flex option
 Delivering fuel                      • Ensures compliant & consistent performance
 flexibility                          • Real time optimization of burn based on fuel
                                        in tank
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                                                                    SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                                         June 24, 2008
                      ®
Evolution Series Hybrid
  The Evolution Hybrid stores power utilized from dynamic
  braking to supplement the diesel-electric engine, thereby
           reducing emissions & fuel consumption




                                      Hybrid potential per loco per yr
                                               32,000 gallons fuel
                                               357 tons CO2
                                               3.68 tons NOx
                                                                                       17
                                                      SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                           June 24, 2008
Roll out
                     ®
 Evolution Series Hybrid Loco Demonstrator
GE ecomagination launch
Los Angeles Union Station - May 24, 2007

                                           Proof of concept
                                           Configuration
                                           validation
                                           Battery
                                           packaging
                                           Test track & field
                                           test bed


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                                             SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                  June 24, 2008
Moving from the lab to the field
Experience in the real world
                               • Capture data

                                          • Multiple & diverse applications


                                                    • Analyze performance

                                                               • Refine perf.
                                                                 Model
                                                               • Reliability
                                                                 validation
                                                               • Operational
                                                                 impact
                                                               • Service
                                                                 impact

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                                                          SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                                               June 24, 2008
Next steps
• 2nd generation prototype
  locomotive

• Field validation

• Battery optimization




                                                              20
                             SEDC 3rd Annual Partners Mtg - 2008
                                                  June 24, 2008
Emissions reductions . . .




                     . . . it certainly is not easy,
        but GE is thrilled to be part of the team
                                     & in the game

								
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