Crossroads and contestations

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					Crossroads and contestations:
 Transglobal explorations in
    postcolonial education

       Dr. Anne Hickling-Hudson
 Executive Dean‟s Seminar Series, 2007
          Faculty of Education

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  Many paths from
Crossroads, Kingston

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Down to the harbour and airport

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       Research – Caribbean roots,
            Australian roads
Caribbean context                  Australian opportunities
                                       1995 & 2000: Fellowships
                                        (Rockefeller and
   1980s: Experiencing                 University of Queensland)
    the impact of Cuban
    educational assistance             2003- 4: Collaborating
                                        with Julie to experiment
                                        with HIV/AIDS education
   2002: Invitations for               research in PNG
    joint HIV/AIDS
                                       2004-5: Building it into an
                                        ARC Linkage grant- Anne,
                                        Julie & Don Stewart
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ARC Linkage grant + PNG input =$300,000:
 “The Health-Promoting Teachers College –
      Education to counter HIV/AIDS”

                                         Team:
                                        CI 1: Dr. Anne
                                        CI 2: Prof. Don
                                        CI 3: Dr. Julie
                                        Mohok McLaughlin

                                        Investigator, PNG:
                                        Dr. Michael Tapo,

                                        2 Doctoral

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     Research assumptions & goals

   Education can lead to                      We help teacher
    behavioural change                          educators in PNG
                                                develop & implement
   Behavioural change                          action plans for a
                                                health promoting
    can lead to improving
                                                teachers college
    the health of
    communities in their
    environments.                              We research the
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Visiting PNG – multicultural airport

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Port Moresby – landscapes

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The ARC / PNG project researchers
        (except for Don)

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PNG contexts for our research

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     Ministry of Education, Jamaica –
    Initiatives on Education to Counter
             HIV/AIDS, 2004-6
                           The MoE:
   issued a policy document to all schools on their
    responsibilities concerning HIV/AIDS

   incorporated a section on HIV/AIDS in an existing subject,
    HFLE (Health and Family Life Education)

   is seeking to strengthen HFLE through international
    funding for curriculum development and monitoring

   has required that each school establish a Health Advisory
    Committee to develop further policies for school health,
    and to implement these policies

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   Initiatives in the Teachers
    College Sector (Jamaica)
                                        (i) designed a new
                                         HFLE syllabus
2004:                                   (ii) trained lecturers
The Joint Board of                       from 4 colleges in
Teacher Education (JBTE)
                                         methods of teaching
implemented a pilot project              this syllabus, and
                                        (iii) asked them to
                                         develop and teach it

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A.Y. Krew – Performing company of the
         Area Youth Foundation
with artistic director & founder Sheila Graham
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„Di Test of Love‟
                               Teaching and Learning
                                through comic book work
                               The plot. Problem, resolution,
                               Writing the story
                               Designing sets
                               Costumes, acting
                               Taking photos, selecting from
                               Writing conversation „bubbles‟
                               Editing
                               Production
                               Marketing

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Scholars from Botswana & the Caribbean
     –researching the wider picture
   Kelly, Michael (2000) Planning For Education in the
    context of HIV/AIDS. [UNESCO: International Institute for
    Educational Planning.]

   Special Issue: HIV/AIDS in the Commonwealth
    Caribbean. Caribbean Quarterly [Vol 50, No. 1]
    University of the West Indies.

   Kelly, Michael, with Brendan Bain (2004) Education and
    HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean. [Kingston Jamaica: Unesco
    and Ian Randle Publishers.]

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South Africa – excellent scholarship
  The AIDS Review (annual publication)

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The AIDS Review
(Centre for the Study of AIDS, University of Pretoria, South Africa)

   Review 2000 – „To the Edge‟.
Why does South Africa have one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics
in the world, despite a comprehensive national plan adopted in 1994?
   Review 2001 – „Who Cares?‟
Levels of commitment & care in tackling the epidemic – international,
in Africa , in South Africa.
   Review 2002 – „Whose right?‟
Relationship between AIDS and human rights
   Review 2003 – (Over) Extended.
Demographic changes; changing family patterns and community
   Review 2004 – (Un)Real.
Dominant images of men in society. Masculinities in the SA context. The
    connection with disease susceptibility.
   Review 2005 – Buckling.
Impact of AIDS in South Africa.

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South Africa – advocacy and rights

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Adult HIV/AIDS Prevalence

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Impoverished townships

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                HIV / AIDS and CUBA
   Cuba has the lowest rate of HIV/AIDS in Latin
    America and the Caribbean.
    It has a comprehensive and highly organised
    prevention program:

   public health measures in an efficient health system

   direct messages through mass media (eg telenovelas)

   phone counselling service - people get help anonymously

   interactive radio shows

   cheap condoms, easily available
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CUBA: sexual education program is
  linked with values education
                Values taught and promoted:
                patriotism, internationalism,
       social responsibility, personal responsibility.
This is part of shaping the personalities of future citizens.

 “We don't just take a biological approach to
   sex education.
“Our approach integrates this with moral and ethical values.
   Education about sex and sexual diseases is included in this
   broader framework.
 We train not only teachers in this approach, but also peer
        Maria Antonia Torres,
        Director, Department of School Health, MoE, Cuba
Interviewed by Anne Hickling-Hudson, August 2006, Havana
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Cuban internationalist education aid
     to developing countries
                                     Cuba provides:
                                      University
                                      Teachers

                                      Buildings

                                      Policy and

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           Articles on Cuban Education

   Hickling-Hudson, A. (2000) „The Cuban university and educational
    outreach: Cuba‟s contribution to post-colonial development.‟ In G.R.
    Teasdale and Z. Ma Rhea (Eds.) Local knowledge and wisdom in
    higher education, pp. 187-207. New York: Pergamon.

   Hickling-Hudson, A. (2004) „South-South collaboration: Cuban
    teachers in Jamaica and Namibia.‟ Comparative Education, Vol 40,
    No. 2, 289-311.

 A. Hickling-Hudson, J. Corona Gonzalez and E. Martin Sabina.
  (2006) „Education in newly independent countries. Problematic
  models and the significance of the Cuban alternative.‟
Austrian Journal of Development Studies, Vol. XXII, No. 4.

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“With our ideas we will make the future” –
     street advertisement in Havana

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        Research Imperatives
Social science frameworks & methods to research:
 Government policy – cooperation between
 Health promotion: environmental, gender and
  socio-cultural issues & strategies
 Education: involvement of each sector
 Professional development : mix of information
  and autonomy
 North-South interchange: collaborative, not tied
  assistance in education

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      Cuban contexts to consider
   Society: flattening of class hierarchies
   No extremes of poverty
   Excellent national health services, free
   Working towards gender equity
   Education structure both central and local
   High levels of performance in education
   Socio-educational strategies to counter
   Solidarity policy
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           Pushing boundaries

As educators, we need to push boundaries
  in research that goes beyond classroom
  and institution to deal with some of the
  transglobal issues of our time.

Anne Hickling-Hudson

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