Lung Cancer Survival Rates by anamaulida


									The prognosis for lung cancer survival varies in each individual. The
treatments prescribed may affect each person differently, and the
physical health of the patient can alter the predicted outcome. Current
defenses against non small-cell (NSCLC) and small-cell (SCLC) include a
broad range of chemotherapy drugs. Post-operative chemo is used after
surgical resection of the malignant tissue to prevent
recurrence.PrognosisThe five and ten year cancer survival percentages
represent cancer-free patients. The numbers vary, but SCLC cases have the
highest mortality rate, while NSCLC cases have favorable outcomes more
often. While these numbers make for convenient data references, they do
little to help patients and doctors cope with the realities of treating
the disease.Surviving a bout of lung cancer has to do with the patient's
age, health, pre-existing medical conditions and the stage the disease is
in. Proper diagnosis and treatment improve the chances of survival. A
staging system is used to classify the progression of NSCLC. This system
indicates tumor size, the degree of metastasis (spreading) if any and if
the lymph nodes are being affected.Stage 1a and 1b indicate a localized
tumor which can be removed with surgery. Stage 2a and 2b mean the tumor
is larger than 3 centimeters and may be present in the lymph nodes.
Advanced stages are considered stage 3b to 4b where the tumor is
affecting vital organs or structures, or the cancer has metastasized to
other areas of the body. Depending on the size of the infected area, the
surgeon will remove a triangular section of lung, a lobe or an entire
lung. Chemotherapy typically follows the surgery.In advanced stage SCLC,
doctors reduce pain using brachytherapy or radiation to shrink tumors.
Because metastasis is a high probability, the medical community does not
use this staging system to give the SCLC patient a prognosis. It is
either 'extensive' or 'limited.'After SurgeryDoctors will work with
patients to monitor their health after treatment. A checkup every few
months will determine whether the individual is still cancer free, or if
further therapy is necessary. If no signs of cancer are present after
five years, the disease is said to be in remission.

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