Irritable Bowel Syndrome by anamaulida


									Irritable Bowel Syndrome, or IBS, is not a disease. It is classified as a
"functional" bowel disorder, which means there is impaired functioning
within the digestive system. In terms of IBS, the dysfunction may be
connected to the sensitivity of the nerves in the intestines; the
movement of the intestines; or the way in which the brain controls these
functions.IBS is diagnosed using criteria known as Rome II. This
criterion calls for a review of the patient's bowel movements; stools
(color, shape, consistency and frequency); severity and frequency of
abdominal pain; fever; weight loss or weight gain; and interference of
sleep due to IBS symptoms. In addition to meeting Rome II criteria,
patients will need to undergo laboratory testing, including complete
blood count, basic chemistry panel, and an erythrocyte sedimentation
rate.There are no diagnostic tests available to specifically diagnose
irritable Bowel Syndrome. Instead, tests are performed to rule-out other
diseases or disorders whose symptoms mimic those of IBS. Once it has been
determined no other problems exist, physicians will use Rome II criteria
to look for any 'red flag' symptoms.Research has shown that people with
irritable bowel syndrome [] do
not have a normal gastrocolic reflex response. It is believed that IBS
symptoms result from what appears to be a breakdown in communication
within the digestive tract. This could be from a disturbance in the
interaction between the gut or intestines and the brain, or between the
gut or intestines and the autonomic system that controls the regulation
of how the bowel functions.Irritable Bowel Syndrome leaves people feeling
as if their stomach is "tied in knots" and is characterized by recurring
bouts of constipation, diarrhea, and abdominal cramping. These symptoms
can be triggered by food, exercise, medications, dietary supplements,
stress and hormonal changes.Nearly 80 percent of people diagnosed with
Irritable Bowel Syndrome are women. It is estimated that nearly 15
percent of adults experience IBS symptoms at some point in their lives.
The onset of Irritable Bowel Syndrome symptoms generally occur between
the ages of 15 and 40; however it can also strike infants, children and
the elderly. Irritable Bowel Syndrome often strikes during periods of
significant stress or life changes; i.e.; divorce, death, going off to
college.Currently, there is no cure for Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Treatments generally focus on alleviating the symptoms and include high
fiber diets or antispasmodic drugs to relieve constipation, or anti-
diarrhea medications to relieve diarrhea.Individuals with Irritable Bowel
Syndrome usually find relief by changing their diet. Experts recommend
eliminating high fat foods, most meat and dairy products, egg yolks,
processed foods, sugar, flour, wheat, tobacco and alcohol. Others suggest
increasing dietary fiber and reducing carbohydrates.Eating foods rich in
grains and protein may prove beneficial. The use of digestive enzyme
supplements has shown to be effective in controlling Irritable Bowel
Syndrome symptoms. Yoga and meditation or other stress reduction
techniques may be helpful in reducing IBS symptoms. Some IBS sufferers
claim that a daily walking program or water aerobics helps them better
manage their symptoms.Although Irritable Bowel Syndrome [] can be a frustrating and complex disorder,
more often than not the symptoms can be managed through proper diet and
exercise. Consult with a qualified healthcare practitioner or
nutritionist to determine the best dietary program for you.

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