Phrase Poems Activities by K. Polette What do these sentences have in common? Collecting dolls is the troll’s favorite past- time. Blowing down straw and stick houses is easy for the wolf. Looking into the magic mirror is something the queen does daily. What do these sentences have in common? The elf loved painting pictures with sunbeams. The dwarf spent long hours digging beneath the surface of the earth. The princess’s bane was talking to telemarketers on the royal phone. Gerund Phrases All of these sentences have GERUND PHRASES in them. What do you think a gerund phrase is? Gerund Phrases A gerund phrase is a group of words that acts as a noun. They begin with an -ing word. Collecting dolls is the troll’s favorite past-time. Blowing down houses is easy for the wolf. The frog’s favorite thing is submarining through water. The elf loved painting pictures with sunbeams. Let’s write some! First, think of -ing words. Next, think of persons or animals that you associate with those words. Third, write a sentence that starts with an -ing word and is followed by a linking verb. Running a marathon was something the ogre would never do. Jumping from pad to pad is the frog’s favorite workout. Staring into a dragon’s eyes is frightening. Gerund Poem Step 1: Think of a book you have read, an event you have attended, or something else that has lots of people doing different things in the same place. Step 2: Make a list of all the actions there. Describe those actions with gerund phrases (-ing words.) Gerund Poem Example for brainstorming: KISS Concert: swinging a guitar, banging heads, wailing on the microphone, thumping a bass, twirling a drum stick, screaming the chorus, dancing in the aisles, snapping photographs, signing autographs, dressing in black, blowing fire, pumping fists, sitting on someone’s shoulders, cheering loudly after every song, spitting fake blood, painting faces, teasing hair. Gerund Poem Now, begin with a statement like “A KISS Concert is…” When you want to introduce a new set of actions, repeat the line. Here’s my poem: A KISS Concert is… A KISS Concert is… whistling when the lights go down, plugging my ears, stomping my feet, clapping loudly, whistling shrilly. A KISS Concert is… swinging a guitar, wailing on a microphone, thumping a bass, twirling a drum stick. A KISS Concert is… painting faces, teasing black hair, blowing fire, spitting fake blood, and pumping fists. A KISS Concert is… snapping photographs and signing autographs. A KISS Concert is… ringing in my ears for days. What do these sentences have in common? To race rabbits was the turtle’s burning wish. To escape her tower of isolation was what Rapunzel wanted most. To sing jazz tunes was something the ogre longed to do. What do these sentences have in common? The troll hates to eat tofu. The genie loves to live life out of the bottle. The Big Bad Wolf wants to blow three little houses down. What do these sentences have in common? The princess wanted to upset the king, so she used his credit card. The frog leapt into the air to impress the princess. The giant bellowed to frighten Jack. What do these sentences have in common? The wicked step sisters had a dress to suit every occasion. The ogre created watercolor paintings to improve his foul mood. The wicked witch created a poison apple to poison Snow White. These sentences have INFINITIVE PHRASES. What do you think an infinitive phrase is? An Infinitive Phrase is… “to + a verb” To go home again was what Dorothy wanted most. Dorothy desired to return to Kansas. Dorothy had an important question to ask the Wizard of Oz. Turn these infinitive phrases into complete sentences. To spin straw into golden thread To hoard gold To get to grandmother’s house To be the fairest in the land To climb a beanstalk Infinitive Poem First, think of characters from books you’ve read. Make a list of five or six. Second, choose one character. I chose Bruno from The Boy in the Striped PJs. Infinitive Poem - brainstorming Wanted Did not want To be an explorer To share Treasure Island To build a tire with Kotler swing To play with Gretel To help Shmuel To stay cooped up in Out With To go back to To disappoint his father Berlin To study Geography with To slide down Herr Lizt banisters Infinitive Poem All Bruno wanted was… to be an explorer, to build a tire swing, to slide down banisters, to be a good friend. But he didn’t want… to make his father angry to study geography with Herr Lizt to be called “Little Man,” to become a Hopeless Case. Infinitive Poem Now, revise by adding adjectives, changing words, and adding phrases. All Bruno wanted was… to be a famous explorer of distant lands, to build a tire swing with his hands, to slide down banisters at lightning speed, to be a good friend to someone in need. But he didn’t want… to cause chaos and make his father enraged, to study geography and make an A, to be called “Little Man” by someone despised, to become a disappointment in his mother’s eyes. What do these sentences have in common? The giant with one eye is the cyclops. The rotund egg on top of the wall tumbled to the ground. The girl in the next room fell asleep after eating a tainted apple. The book on the shelf is full of enchantments. What do these sentences have in common? Pegasus flew over the crumbling castle. Jack climbed up the beanstalk. The giant yelled at Jack. The gremlin scurried through the forest. Predict! What do you think an ADJECTIVE PHRASE is? What do you think an ADVERB PHRASE is? They are… An ADJECTIVE PHRASE is a prepositional phrase that acts like an adjective – it modifies a noun or pronoun. An ADVERB PHRASE is a prepositional phrase that acts like an adverb – it modifies a verb. Preposition Poem Brainstorm: First, think of an animal or character that is very active: a bird, a frog, an elf, a bouncing ball. Choose one. Choose five to ten prepositions. Write a poem in which you tell all the places your subject goes – use prepositional phrases. The Jellyfish The jellyfish floated through the current, along the shore, above a school of fish, below a shark, around a whale, between two manta rays, into the gaping maw of a loggerhead turtle. The Jellyfish – revised! The jellyfish floated through the rushing current, into a swirling whirlpool, above a shining school of snapper, below a scary sand shark, around a whopper of a whale, between two mingling manta rays, and into the gaping maw of a hungry loggerhead turtle.