Fremantle time line - City of Fremantle

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					Fremantle time line
The time line provides a chronology of key Fremantle events since settlement.

            Capt C.H. Fremantle claimed the west coast of Australia for the British
1829
            crown. First settlers landed.
1831        Round House built for use as gaol; first school opened.
1833        First town plan of Fremantle by Surveyor–General J.S.Roe.
            Two whaling companies operating at Bathers Bay. Construction of
1837        small breakwater and tunnel under Round House for transport of
            goods.
1848        Fremantle Town Trust established (Capt. Daniel Scott, Chairman).
1850        First convicts arrived aboard Scindian (June).
            Construction of Fremantle Prison began. Fremantle Literary Institute
1851
            established.
            Construction of Fremantle Lunatic Asylum began; building completed
1861
            1865.
1866        Convict labour used to build first bridge over river at Fremantle.
1868        Last convicts arrived aboard Hougoumont.
            Municipal Corporations Act passed; Fremantle Town Council
1871
            established (W.S. Pearse, chairman).
1876        Six Fenian prisoners escaped aboard American whaler Catalpa.
1879        Reserve land (now Fremantle Park) vested in Fremantle Town Council.
1881        Perth – Fremantle railway opened.
1882        St John's Anglican Church built.
            Fremantle Municipal Council established (Barrington Wood, mayor).
1883
            Central Fremantle streets lit by gas lamps.
            Fremantle Town Hall opened 22 June. Telephone exchange opened in
1887
            building the following year.
            North Fremantle gazetted as separate municipality. Fremantle Oval first
1895
            used for football. Fremantle Hospital established.
            Fremantle Harbour opened with arrival of SS Sultan. Four new hotels
1897        opened. High Street (to Adelaide Street) paved with wooden blocks.
            East Fremantle gazetted as separate municipality.
1898        Fremantle Markets built; Mills & Ware opened.
1902        Death of C.Y.O’Connor; Princess May School opened.
1906      Fremantle Tramways opened. Sea baths built near Long Jetty.
          Fremantle Railway Station opened adjacent to Fremantle Harbour.
1907
          Beginning of South Beach development as holiday destination.
          Troops embark from Fremantle for WWI. Port used for naval and
1914–18
          military purposes.
          Bloody Sunday 4 May; lumper Tom Edwards shot in waterfront
1919
          industrial dispute. Spanish Flu epidemic.
          Uglieland fairground opened opposite railway station (later, Pioneer
1922
          Park site); ran till 1936 raising funds for welfare.
          Fremantle War Memorial on Monument Hill unveiled Armistice Day, 11
1928
          November.
          Centenary of Fremantle’s foundation. Fremantle proclaimed a city 3
1929
          June; Frank Gibson first mayor.
          Hazel Orme Kindergarten opened: one of first in WA, served as model
1932
          for future Kindergarten Union preschools.
          New traffic bridge opened. Beginning of Fremantle’s involvement as
1939
          naval port in WWII.
          O’Connor Industrial area established. Beginning of post-war
1948
          immigration programs bringing migrant ships to Fremantle.
          Opening of Evan Davies Civic Library in former Fremantle Literary
1949      Institute building in South Terrace (first wholly rate-supported library in
          WA).
1952      Closure of Fremantle tram service.
          Last students from Fremantle Boys’ and Princess May Girls’ Schools
1958
          transferred to new John Curtin High School.
1961      North Fremantle re-joined Fremantle City Council.
          Fremantle Port Authority Building, Fremantle Passenger Terminal and
1964      North Fremantle Grain Silos all completed. New rail bridge (upriver from
          original bridge) opened.
          Esme Fletcher Day Nursery opened; also South Fremantle High
1967
          School.
          Encounter Bay (first container ship at Fremantle) arrived 28 March;
1969
          official opening of first container berth 29 March.
          Former Fremantle Lunatic Asylum building restored; re-opened as
1972
          Fremantle Arts Centre, 13 October. Fremantle Society founded.
1974      Stirling Traffic bridge opened 17 May.
          Stan Reilly Frail Aged Lodge opened; Fremantle Arts Centre Press
1976
          founded.
          Nunzio Gumina introduced al fresco dining at Papa Luigi’s coffee shop
1977
          in South Terrace, the start of development of the Cappuccino Strip.
          Perth – Fremantle railway line closed 1 September; re-opened 29 July
1979
          1983.
          Work commenced on Challenger Harbour in preparation for the
1984
          America’s Cup.
          Fremantle hosted world championship sailing events: World 12 Metre
1986–87   Championships, America’s Cup Defence Series, and Tall Ships Race.
          Fremantle Town Hall restored and refurbished.
          Former Fremantle Boys School re-opened as Perth Institute of Film and
1989
          Television; later, Film and Television Institute (FTI).
          Closure of Richmond Raceway at East Fremantle; re-developed as
1991      residential sites. Fremantle Prison de-commissioned; building re-
          opened 1992 as cultural tourism site.
          Endeavour (historic barque replica) built in Fremantle, launched on 16
1993
          April.
1995      Fremantle Football Club (the Dockers) played first game.
          Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle Port Authority and Victoria Pavilion
1997
          celebrated their centenaries.
          Booyeembara Park established on former Montreal Open Space site;
2000
          designed and named to honour Aboriginal heritage.
          The Whalers’ tunnel was renovated and reopened to the public.
2001
          Monument Hill listed on West Australian Heritage Register.
          Australian Maritime Museum on Victoria Quay opens. Woodside
2002
          Maternity Hospital closes.
2003      Old Papa’s on South Terrace closes.
          Watson’s Butchers on High Street closes after 75 years. Fremantle
2004
          Primary School Centenary.
          Fremantle Prison placed on new National Heritage List. John Curtin
2005
          Statue in King’s Square unveiled.
2006      Roma Restaurant closes after 52 years. Duyfken leaves Fremantle.
          Royal George in East Fremantle handed over to the National Trust. Fire
2007      gutted National Hotel, currently being restored. First ‘Cracker Night’
          held on Australia Day at Fishing Boat Harbour.